Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1389
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Scoccia Bert - - 2012
Background: Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to ovulatory dysfunction resulting in oligo-amenorrhea. Treatment with levothyroxine can reverse such dysfunction and thus should improve fertility. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess whether in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy rates differ in levothyroxine-treated women with hypothyroidism compared to women without thyroid ...
Yamashita Eriko - - 2012
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) during pregnancy is very rare and is caused by an absent or severely depleted ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin-like and metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 13). A 37-year-old multigravida woman developed TTP with severe anemia and thrombocytopenia at 22 weeks' gestation. ADAMTS13 activity was markedly decreased to 3% ...
Labarère José - - 2012
Although a personally defined experience, successful breastfeeding is usually measured with regard to duration. This study investigated the determinants of maternal satisfaction with breastfeeding experience for 907 mothers enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Despite a median breastfeeding duration (18 weeks) that fell short of recommendations, 822 mothers (90.6%) rated ...
Bublitz Margaret H MH Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Coro West, Suite 314, 1 Hoppin Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2012
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in non-pregnant samples. However, it is not yet known whether CSA is associated with HPA dysregulation over pregnancy. In the present study we assessed whether maternal cortisol levels across pregnancy differed in women with CSA histories ...
Chervenak Frank - - 2012
Heuser, Eller and Byrne provide important descriptive ethics data about how physicians counsel women on the clinical management of pregnancies complicated by severe fetal anomalies. The authors present an account of what such counselling ought to be based on, the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient and the ...
Rasmussen Sonja A - - 2012
Anniversaries of the identification of three human teratogens (i.e., rubella virus in 1941, thalidomide in 1961, and diethylstilbestrol in 1971) occurred in 2011. These experiences highlight the critical role that scientists with an interest in teratology play in the identification of teratogenic exposures as the basis for developing strategies for ...
Borthen Ingrid - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder affecting 0.4-0.8% of pregnant women. Preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, bleeding in pregnancy, induction of labour, caesarean delivery and major congenital malformations of the children occur more frequently in this group. The objective of this review is to evaluate the pregnancy and delivery ...
McLain Alexander C - - 2012
Menstrual cycle patterns are often used as indicators of female fecundity and are associated with hormonally dependent diseases such as breast cancer. A question of considerable interest is in identifying menstrual cycle patterns, and their association with fecundity. A source of data for addressing this question is prospective pregnancy studies ...
Dennedy Michael Conall - - 2012
Context:Raised maternal body mass index (BMI) in association with hyperglycemia is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. The contribution of raised BMI as an independent risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome is of growing concern and increasing prevalence.Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of raised maternal BMI ...
Rimon Eli - - 2012
The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of elevated factor VIII activity among women with severe complications of pregnancy. The study group included 49 patients with a previous history of pregnancy complications: severe preeclampsia (n = 9); intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) (n = 9); severe intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR) (n = 12); ...
Momotani Naoko - - 2012
Context:The importance of maternal T(4) for brain development prior to the onset of fetal thyroid function has been suggested in basic studies, and a correlation between mild maternal T(4) deficiency in early gestation and disturbance of neurodevelopment in progenies has been shown in large case-control studies. These findings suggest that ...
Olander Ellinor K - - 2012
AimTo identify characteristics of the services and support women want to enable them to eat healthily during pregnancy to make a potential future service acceptable to this population. BACKGROUND: An unhealthy diet during pregnancy may have a significant influence on pregnancy outcome, either directly through nutrient deficiencies or indirectly through ...
Ringholm L - - 2012
Aims:  To explore incidence, risk factors, possible pathophysiological factors and clinical management of hypoglycaemia during pregnancy in women with Type 1 diabetes. Methods:  Literature review. Results:  In women with Type 1 diabetes, severe hypoglycaemia occurs three to five times more frequently in early pregnancy than in the period prior to pregnancy, whereas ...
van Poppel Mireille N M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention contributes to the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age and is more pronounced in ethnic minority groups. This study examined ethnic differences in postpartum weight retention and the explanatory role of socio-economic status (SES), mental health and lifestyle. METHODS: In the Amsterdam ...
Giesbrecht Gerald F GF Faculty of Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Behavioural Research Unit, University of Calgary, 2888 Shaganappi Trail N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada. - - 2013
Diurnal patterns of salivary alpha amylase (sAA) in pregnant women have not previously been described. The current study employed ecological momentary assessment to examine the association between the diurnal sAA, obstetric history, maternal demographics, and mood during pregnancy. Saliva was self-collected by 83 pregnant women (89% White, age 25.3-43.0 years; ...
Ragonese Marta - - 2012
Diagnosis of mild Cushing's disease (CD) can be difficult in pregnant women, because its clinical and biochemical features can be erroneously interpreted as consequence of the gestation. Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) and desmopressin (DDAVP) tests are currently used to confirm CD, but data concerning adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) response during pregnancy ...
Pluess Michael - - 2012
Maternal stress during pregnancy has been repeatedly associated with problematic child development. According to the fetal programming hypothesis adverse experiences during pregnancy increase maternal cortisol, which is then assumed to exert a negative effect on fetal development. Recent studies in non-pregnant women report significant associations between positive emotionality and low ...
Kost Kathryn - - 2012
Newly available data show large differences in rates of unintended pregnancy across states. Because key policy and program decisions that could affect these rates are made by state governments, it is important to assess whether characteristics of the states are associated with this variation. Regression analysis was used to assess ...
Cassina M - - 2012
Objective: Animal studies suggest that leflunomide may be a human teratogen. The only published human cohort study did not detect an increase in adverse outcomes in pregnancies exposed to leflunomide. The aim of this analysis was to expand on the previously published data with a description of birth outcomes among ...
Murakami Kyoko - - 2012
Because there are few published studies from Eastern countries concerning women's experiences of prenatal ultrasound scans, this study investigated this topic in 238 Japanese women in three different prenatal settings. A cross-sectional questionnaire of 33 items was administered to 261 women at 14-37 weeks gestation with no known obstetrical risk, ...
Fujime Mika - - 2012
The current study tested the hypothesis that pregnancy-related changes are more pronounced in central hemodynamics, and both central aortic systolic blood pressure (cSBP) and augmentation index (AIx) are independent from brachial systolic blood pressure (bSBP) in normal pregnant subjects. In 830 healthy pregnant women from 12 to 36 weeks gestation, ...
Maxime Marcelli - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility in everyday practice and the advantages of salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy by single-incision laparoscopic surgery with the SILS(®) system. STUDY DESIGN: This single-center prospective observational study included 37 women requiring salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy who underwent single-incision laparoscopic salpingectomy with the SILS(®) system. Information about ...
Lebrun C - - 2012
Background: In multiple sclerosis (MS), the relapse rate declines during pregnancy and increases during the first three months post-partum before returning to the pre-pregnancy rate. It is unknown whether pregnancy impacts the risk of clinical conversion in those within the presymptomatic period.Objectives: We investigate the impact of pregnancy on developing ...
Argüelles-Arias F - - 2012
Background: in most cases, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) debuts at reproductive age. The data available in the literature show infliximab (IFX) to be a safe drug during pregnancy but there is very little evidence about the activity of the disease following drug withdrawal during pregnancy.Aims: determine the drug´s safety in ...
García-Cano Jesús - - 2012
ERCP during pregnancy is always challenging for the entire team performing the endoscopic intervention. In this study techniques and different interventional aspects used at several centres about the clinical experience on ERCP in pregnant women are analyzed. the practice on ERCP in pregnant women in six centres during a period ...
Ferraro Zachary M - - 2012
Introduction: Pregnancy is a critical period of body weight regulation. Maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain have become increasingly common and contribute to poor obstetrical outcomes for mother and baby. Regular participation in physical activity may improve risk profiles in pregnant women. Purpose and Methods: Our objectives were to ...
Ousey J C - - 2012
Reason for performing study: Aged mares with endometrosis suffer higher rates of pregnancy loss than young mares, due to poor placental development. Reduced uterine blood supply may be one contributory factor. Objectives: To measure uterine artery (UA) blood flow and other Doppler indices throughout pregnancy and compare placental and foal ...
Napolitano Raffaele - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship of changes in uterine artery (UtA) Doppler pulsatility indices (PI) between first and second trimesters and the subsequent development of pre-eclampsia. A retrospective study of singleton pregnancies undergoing both first and second trimesters UtA Doppler screening between 2002 and 2009 ...
Wali Aisha Syed - - 2012
With the increase in incidence of ectopic pregnancy over the decades, bilateral ectopic pregnancy is also increasing. It is usually associated with assisted reproductive techniques (ART) but in recent years few cases of spontaneous bilateral ectopic pregnancy have been reported. Gynaecologists should be aware of this and that ultrasonography has ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2012
To analyze temporal trends of hospital admissions due to molar pregnancies in Italian and non-Italian women in Lombardy during the 1996-2008 period. A standard form is used to register all discharges from public or private hospitals in Lombardy. Hydatidiform mole (HM) cases were identified when searching the database for code ...
McMahon Sarah - - 2012
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a major problem in the United States, with estimates that 3 percent to 17 percent of women experience violence during the perinatal period. Research indicates that IPV during pregnancy is associated with serious, negative health outcomes for the mother and her unborn child. ...
Cho L Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. To study the success rate, predictors for success, and pregnancy outcomes after external cephalic version. DESIGN. Historical cohort study. SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All women who had singleton term breech pregnancies at term and opted for external cephalic version during 2001 and 2009. Their demographic data, clinical ...
Chenni N - - 2012
To identify factors influencing parental decision when a fetal cardiac disease is diagnosed. All pregnancies with fetal cardiac abnormalities diagnosed at three academic hospitals of Marseille, France, between 2004 and 2008, were retrospectively studied. The association between maternal and fetal variables (maternal age, parity, ethnicity, gestational age at diagnosis, nuchal ...
Dobrosavljević Aleksandar - - 2012
This work presents the case of the cornual ectopic pregnancy of a twenty year old patient who came to be examined due to amenorrhea which had lasted for seven weeks. Two-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound uncovered the existence of an intact ectopic pregnancy. Use of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound in a coronal section ...
Bramham Kate - - 2012
With appropriate multi-disciplinary team care, most women with diabetic nephropathy will have successful pregnancy outcomes; however, pregnancy complications are increased compared to non-diabetic individuals, particularly in those with poor glycaemic control. Women with more severe renal impairment, especially those with hypertension and proteinuria at are highest risk of worse pregnancy ...
Vidosavljević Domagoj - - 2012
Porphyrias are rare metabolic diseases caused by enzymatic defects of the haeme biosynthesis. Association of pregnancy and acute porphyria is rare, but mortality rate among pregnant women from acute attack has been reported up to 42%. This paper presents a patient with pregnancy complicated by intermittent hepatic porphyria with good ...
Alkafajei A - - 2012
The aim of this cross-sectional study in Jordan was to estimate the prevalence of hypothyroidism among women during early pregnancy and to assess the association of risk factors with hypothyroidism. According to internationally adopted thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine (T4) pregnancy reference ranges (TSH > or = 2.6 mlU/L ...
López L B - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe the practice of pica during pregnancy in Argentine women. Maternal and fetal characteristics as well as the practice of pica were evaluated during the puerperium in a sample of 1,014 women from five different geographical areas. Pica prevalence for the total sample ...
Chong Erica - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An 800-mcg dose of buccal misoprostol following mifepristone has been shown to be highly effective in terminating pregnancies through 63 days since the last menstrual period (LMP) (B. Winikoff, I.G. Dzuba, M.D. Creinin, et al., Two distinct oral routes of misoprostol in mifepristone medical abortion: a randomized controlled trial. ...
Storness-Bliss Claudine - - 2012
Objective: To correlate maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancies affected by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at < 24 weeks' gestational age with the amount of residual amniotic fluid as determined by sonographic evaluation. Methods: We searched the local maternal-fetal medicine database for the records of all women with ...
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2012
Religious (halachic*) infertility' results from precoital ovulation prior to immersion in a ritual bath (mikveh) 7 days after menstruation, as mandated by Jewish religious law. Previous authors recommended treatment with estradiol to postpone ovulation and enhance pregnancy rates. To evaluate the prevalence of halachic infertility in an ultra-Orthodox jewish community, ...
Wang Yuping - - 2012
Emerging evidence has shown that podocyte injury and reduced specific podocyte protein expressions contribute to proteinuria in preeclampsia. We collected urine specimens from women with preeclampsia to study whether podocyte-specific protein shedding is associated with renal barrier dysfunction. Urine specimens from women with normal pregnancies and from pregnant women complicated ...
Fadhlaoui Anis - - 2012
Background: The conduct and delivery of twin pregnancies are interspersed with as well as maternal fetal and neonatal complications. The obstetrician is faced with the birth of 2 children often fragile and a uterus often exposed to dynamic dystocia. Aim: To study the maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality in ...
Eom Jeong Min - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) during pregnancy by comparing the operative and obstetric outcomes of patients who during pregnancy underwent LA performed by an expert gynaecologic laparoscopist (LA group) with those patients who underwent an open appendectomy (OA) ...
Kuhn-Beck F - - 2012
To review outcomes following reductions in trichorionic triplet pregnancies at our institution. Retrospective analysis of the outcome of trichorionic triamniotic triplets reduced to singletons (group I, n = 44) or twins (group II, n = 136) at 10 and 12 weeks of gestation. Reduction to one or two was based on parent's preference, hence unrelated ...
Clerici G - - 2012
Oxidative stress (OS) plays a role in pregnancy at risk of pre-eclampsia, diabetes and premature labour. We measured three markers of OS: total antioxidant capacity (TAC), thiolyte capacity and pro-oxidant capacity in 45 women: 15 normal pregnancies, 17 pathological pregnancies (pre-eclampsia and pregestational diabetes) and 13 delivered pre-term. Plasma TAC ...
Altuntaş E E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the ratio of hearing loss evaluated with transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAEs) testing in normal and hypertensive pregnant women during the first week after delivery. This was a prospective, case-control study. The hypertensive pregnancy group included 96 women with gestational hypertension preeclampsia, ...
Morichika Juri - - 2012
At our research center, cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) are bred by mating or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer. We typically transfer 2 embryos, because the pregnancy rate is better than that for single embryo transfer. In the case we present here, 2 embryos that had been frozen and ...
Lowe Lynn P - - 2012
To compare associations of maternal glucose and A1C with adverse outcomes in the multinational Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study and determine, based on those comparisons, if A1C measurement can provide an alternative to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in pregnant women. Eligible pregnant women underwent a 75-g ...
Patrelli Tito Silvio TS Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Neonatology, University of Parma, Viale Gramsci 14, 43100 Parma, Italy. - - 2012
Amniotic fluid is important for the maintenance of fetal well-being; therefore, an amniotic fluid deficiency, ie, oligohydramnios, can have multiple impacts on the prognosis of the pregnancy. In some cases, there are no evident fetal or maternal causes, and the condition is called isolated oligohydramnios. The aim of our study ...
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