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Tehrani Shandiz S Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University , Portland, OR , - - 2014
Abstract Glaucoma is the principal cause of irreversible blindness in the world, the second leading cause of blindness in the United States, and it results in optic nerve head axonal degeneration and corresponding visual field deficits. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only known modifiable risk factor in glaucoma. Non-modifiable risk ...
Mackensen Friederike F Interdisciplinary Uveitis Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Heidelberg, Institute of Reproductive Toxicology Ravensburg, Department of Internal Medicine V, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Freiburg i. - - 2014
Most ocular changes in pregnancy are harmless. For example, 14% of pregnant women need a new eyeglass prescription. Some changes, however, are serious, such as retinal effects of hypertension, which can be a sign of pre-eclampsia. Ocular changes may give rise to uncertainty about the administration of ophthalmological drugs or ...
Perovic Milan M University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics "Narodni front", Kraljice Natalije 62, 11000, Belgrade, - - 2014
Evaluation of relationship between mid-trimester ultrasound fetal liver length (FLL) measurements and gestation diabetes mellitus (GDM) in high risk population. Prospective study was performed in 331 women with singleton pregnancies and high risk for GDM undergoing mid-trimester ultrasound exam. Ultrasound scan at the 23(rd) week of gestation was followed by ...
Cavalcante Rafael Oliveira RO Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine - Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the usefulness of estimating fetal upper arm and thigh volumes as predictors of low postnatal body mass index (BMI) using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) with extended imaging virtual organ computer-aided analysis (XI VOCAL) Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study analyzed 300 singleton pregnancies between 33 and 41 weeks ...
Sato Ana Paula Sayuri AP Epidemiology Department, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
Objective: To assess the level of hemoglobin-Hb during pregnancy before and after fortification of flours with iron. Method: A cross-sectional study with data from 12,119 pregnant women attended at a public prenatal from five macro regions of Brazil. The sample was divided into two groups: Before-fortification (birth before June/2004) and ...
Buikema Tovah Ann TA MSU/COM St Joseph Mercy Oakland, Pontiac, - - 2014
Fetal macrosomia is classically associated with higher risk of shoulder dystocia and subsequent birth injury. A MEDLINE review of the literature between 1997 and 2013 failed to reveal studies that correlate fetal abdominal circumference and shoulder dystocia. The aim of our study was to examine the association between fetal abdominal ...
Martínez-Ruiz Ana A Clinical Analysis Department, Virgen de la Arrixaca University Hospital, Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate if progesterone, placental growth factor (PlGF) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt1) serum levels are useful markers to differentiate between ectopic pregnancy (EP), missed abortion (MA) and viable intrauterine implantation pregnancy (IUP). We designed a retrospective case-control study which included 100 pregnant women (50 EP and 50 MA) ...
Yang Xin X Prenatal Diagnostic center, Guangzhou Maternal and Neonatal Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the ratio of prenasal thickness (PT) to nasal bone length (NBL) in normal and trisomy 21 fetuses in the second and third trimester in Chinese population. Methods: The NBL and PT were measured blindly by using 3D volumns in 143 normal fetuses and 31 trisomy 21 ...
Frøslie Kathrine Frey KF Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Norwegian Resource Centre for Women's Health, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, - - 2014
To use multilevel functional principal component analysis to exploit the information inherent in the shape of longitudinally sampled glucose curves during pregnancy, and to analyse the impact of glucose curve characteristics on neonatal birth weight, percentage fat and cord blood C-peptide. A cohort study of healthy, pregnant women (nā€Š=ā€Š884). They ...
Mehdizadehkashi Khashayar K 0000-0001-6399-3052 Pars Advanced & Minimally Invasive Manners Research Center, Pars Hospital, Tehran 1693736513, - - 2014
In this research, we represent the changes in visual acuity during pregnancy and after delivery. Changes as myopic shift start during second trimester and will be stopped after delivery; however it is obtained that women will have the same refractive error as what they had in the first trimester, after ...
Casadei L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to assess anti-Müllerian hormone's (AMH) role in predicting spontaneous onset of pregnancy. This observational cohort study included 83 women with unexplained infertility and normal or low ovarian reserve. Serum AMH, FSH, LH, 17β-oestradiol, inhibin B levels were measured and the number of early antral ...
Butts Samantha F SF Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2013
To characterize the curve derived from serial human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) values in women with spontaneous resolution of pregnancy of unknown location and to assess factors that modify the decline. Data from three sites were extracted from a clinical database of women with a symptomatic pregnancy of unknown location that ...
Pay Aase Serine D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To present a new gestational age-specific percentile curve for symphysis-fundus height and to determine the effects of maternal and fetal covariates. DESIGN: A population-based register study. SETTING: Antenatal clinics in Västra Götaland County, Sweden, between 2005 and 2010. POPULATION: 42 018 women with ultrasound-dated singleton pregnancies who delivered at ...
Sehat Zahra Z Avicenna Research Institute, Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran, - - 2013
Considering the effect of preterm delivery in morbidity and mortality of newborns, its precaution and prevention is so important. To investigate the association between second trimester maternal serum biomarkers (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, Alpha-fetoprotein, Non-conjugated estrogen, Inhibin A) and pre-term delivery. This is a historical cohort study that has been performed ...
Clausen Frederik Banch - - 2013
Non-invasive prenatal testing of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma can predict the fetal RhD type in D negative pregnant women. In Denmark, routine antenatal screening for the fetal RhD gene (RHD) directs the administration of antenatal anti-D prophylaxis only to women who carry an RhD positive fetus. Prophylaxis ...
Deurloo Koen L - - 2012
Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to assess the screening performance of first trimester maternal serum measurements of A-disintegrin-and-metalloprotease 12-s (ADAM12s) and placental protein 13 (PP13) for preeclampsia (PE), gestational hypertension (GH) and small-for--gestational-age (SGA) fetuses. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study 220 pregnant women were matched for ...
Collins Sally L - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction is one of the greatest risk factors for stillbirth. This pilot cohort study examined whether rapid placental volume (PlaV) calculation at 11 to 13 + 6 weeks can predict the small for gestational age (cSGA) baby. Women with singleton pregnancies were recruited (N = 145), a static three-dimensional (3-D) volume was ...
Oliveira Joao Batista - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The objective was to present a new ovarian response prediction index (ORPI), which was based on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels, antral follicle count (AFC) and age, and to verify whether it could be a reliable predictor of the ovarian stimulation response. METHODS: A total of 101 patients enrolled ...
Ghahiri Attaollah A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Al Zahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2012
Our goal was to assess the diagnostic value of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and its isoenzyme CPK- muscle brain (MB) in ectopic pregnancy (EP) in order to locate a simpler diagnostic approach for EP. This was a prospective study that performed consecutive sampling for 20 months in two major hospitals in ...
Kemp B - - 2012
Normally, sows are in anoestrus during lactation and start their new cycle at the day of weaning. Modern hybrid primiparous sows that suckle large numbers of piglets may lose substantial amounts of body reserves during lactation. This compromises follicle development during lactation. As modern sows have short weaning-to-oestrus intervals, these ...
Kawarasaki T - - 2012
In the present study, we investigated the influence of exogenous estrogen on the embryo survival after transfer into prepubertal gilts in which estrus had been induced. In the first experiment, estrus was induced in prepubertal gilts by the administration of 1,000 IU of eCG and 750 IU of hCG every ...
Kihara Maki - - 2012
To examine whether preeclampsia is a predictive factor for fetal prognosis in complete hydatidiform mole coexistent with twin fetus (CHMCF). We performed a retrospective chart review for 17 cases of definitive CHMCF managed in our hospital between 1991 and 2011. Fifteen patients chose expectant management and the remaining 2 selected ...
Adegbola Omololu - - 2012
Abstract A total of 2,879 deliveries were conducted within two years and 92 were twin deliveries constituting 3.2% or 1 in 31 deliveries. The mean age and parity was 30.4±3.9 years and 1.3±1.4 respectively. Male infants constituted 54.4% of the twins with a sex ratio of 1.2 boys to 1.0 ...
Sundberg Karin - - 2012
Objective: Monochorionic twin pregnancies are associated with increased risk of severe complications. Umbilical cord occlusion (UCO) and fetoscopic selective laser coagulation (FSLC) are used as invasive treatment. The study aim was to document treatment indications and pregnancy outcome where UCO and FSLC were used for treating fetal discrepancies and twin ...
Wang Xing-ling - - 2012
To compare success rates of vitrified-warmed with fresh and frozen-thawed ETs Retrospective. Public fertility center. Cryopreserved- thawed/warmed ETs were included in this study. Fresh cycles, in which supernumerary embryos were cryopreserved, were set as the fresh control group. Supernumerary day 3 embryos were cryopreserved by slow-freezing or vitrification and transferred ...
Figueira Rita de Cássia S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective randomised study was to evaluate if there is an improvement in clinical outcomes when assisted hatching (AH) is performed in embryos derived from vitrified/warmed oocytes in an ovum donation programme using egg cryobanking. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty oocyte recipients in a donation programme using egg ...
Curti Alessandra - - 2012
Aim:  To evaluate pregnancy outcome in women with fetal membranes at or beyond external os who underwent exam-indicated cerclage or conservative management. Material and Methods:  Retrospective cohort study including 52 patients with fetal membranes at or beyond external os between 17 and 27 weeks of gestation, treated in two third-level hospitals, ...
Rankin Judith - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine the influence of fetal and maternal characteristics on the survival of children born with Down syndrome.METHODS:We used prospectively collected population-based data on Down syndrome extracted from the UK Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey (NorCAS), January 1, 1985-December 31, 2003, matched to hospital and national mortality records to January 29, ...
Bartels Sanne Al - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the impact of a laparoscopic approach on female fecundity in ileoanal pouch surgery. BACKGROUND:: Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is associated with tubal factor infertility in female patients. Different studies showed less adhesion formation after laparoscopic colectomy. The relation between laparoscopic pouch surgery and ...
Burke Annette L - - 2012
ObjectiveTo evaluate the natural fetal and neonatal outcome for pregnancies with an established prenatal diagnosis of fetal trisomy 18, and a parental decision for continuation of the pregnancy.MethodsThe obstetric and neonatal outcome data for 23 such pregnancies, diagnosed at a single referral Fetal Medicine Centre, were retrospectively obtained.ResultsThe overall intrauterine ...
Samangaya Rebekah A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes for babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) diagnosed prenatally and postnatally presenting to a tertiary unit. METHOD: Fetal medicine database and neonatal surgical unit admission books were reviewed to identify cases of CDH over a 12-year period (Jan 1998- Dec 2009). RESULTS: A total of 132 ...
Hayes E P B - - 2012
The occurrence of five periparturient events and their effects on subsequent culling and fertility was recorded in eight herds in the UK. Combining data from all 2105 calvings, the proportion affected by assisted calving, dead calf, retained fetal membranes (RFM), milk fever or twins was 5.9, 8.2, 5.3, 5.0 or ...
Roghaei Mohammad Ali - - 2012
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) still remains a main cause of maternal mortalities. This study is designed to evaluate the accuracy of serum Activin A in detection of ectopic pregnancy. This prospective observational study was conducted from 2009 to 2010 at two main referral university hospitals, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, ...
Rustico M A - - 2012
Objective: To report the incidence of fetal and maternal complications after selective fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Methods: A total of 150 cases of TTTS were treated from January 2004 to June 2009 (period 1, 2004-2006, 62 cases; period 2, 2007 to June 2009, 88 cases). Fetal ...
Kaneko Masatoki - - 2012
We report a case of delayed-interval delivery of a dichorionic, diamniotic twin pregnancy with the survival of both twins. The patient presented at 22 weeks and 1 day of gestation with vaginal bleeding and preterm labor. Five days later, the first twin was born. The second twin remained in utero. The management consisted ...
McLain Alexander C - - 2012
The analysis of fecundity data is challenging and requires consideration of both highly timed and interrelated biologic processes in the context of essential behaviors such as sexual intercourse during the fertile window. Understanding human fecundity is further complicated by presence of a sterile population, i.e. couples unable to achieve pregnancy. ...
Swiatkowska-Freund Malgorzata - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The authors of this paper present the results of laser treatment in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Methods: Laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels was performed on 91 patients from April 2005 to June 2010, at the Medical University of Gdansk (Poland). Results of treatment were analyzed. Results: The following results ...
Bianchi Veronica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To update results on outcomes with frozen/thawed oocytes using a differential sucrose concentration during dehydration (0.2 M) and rehydration (0.3 M), combined with a one-step propanediol exposure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Private IVF centers. PATIENT(S): Infertile couples undergoing IVF treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Oocyte thawing cycles between May 2004 and ...
Altunyurt Sabahattin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neonatal outcomes among a homogeneous group of fetuses with severe hydrops treated with intrauterine transfusion (IUT). METHODS: In a prospective study at Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey, outcomes were compared for 35 IUTs carried out between 2005 and 2010 in 19 pregnancies that were ...
Chiapponi Costanza - - 2012
: Ovarian pregnancy is a rare occurrence. Normally it ends spontaneously in the first trimester. However, it can turn into a life-threatening condition if it ruptures, leading to hemoperitoneum and hypovolemic shock. Diagnosis usually is made with high-resolution transvaginal ultrasonography, and laparoscopic treatment follows. : We report on a case ...
Machado Isabela Nelly - - 2012
Objective. To describe the characteristics of obstetric and perinatal outcome of a group of pregnancies complicated by an anencephalic fetus. Methods. Observational study including anencephalic fetuses, divided into groups according to the evolution of pregnancy: elective termination of pregnancy ETP; stillbirths (SBs); live births (LBs), and loss of follow-up. After ...
Cuillier Fabrice - - 2012
Conjoined twins occur in approximately 0.2:10,000 births; the obstetrician and sonographer only rarely examine them. In Western countries, discovery of conjoined twins is often made by the end of the first trimester; however, in the third world, conjoined twins are often discovered only at birth. To evaluate how ultrasound techniques, ...
Konc János - - 2012
Our investigations focused on spindle dynamics/displacement in frozen-thawed human oocytes. In each oocyte, prior to freezing and after thawing and culturing, the presence/location of the spindle was determined with the Polscope technique. A total of 259 oocytes have been thawed with a survival rate of 81.1%. From the 210 survived ...
Jo Yun Sung - - 2012
The purpose of this research is to discover whether measurement of cervical length and cervical volume at term is helpful in predicting the onset of labor in VBAC candidates. Transvaginal sonographic evaluations of the cervixes of pregnant women who desired to undergo VBAC were performed between 36 - 40 weeks ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2011
Context:Functional ovarian reserve (FOR) has recently been demonstrated to differ with ovarian genotypes of the FMR1 gene and is currently routinely determined with anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and FSH. Both, however, reflect distinctively different stages of folliculogenesis.Objectives:To better understand how AMH and FSH reflect FOR, we evaluated both hormones in association ...
Lledo B - - 2012
Fragile X syndrome is associated with low ovarian reserve and poor ovarian response. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CGG repeats on the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene have predictive value for ovarian response to stimulation with gonadotrophins and for clinical outcome in our oocyte ...
Casper Robert F - - 2011
Clomiphene citrate (CC) is the most commonly used oral agent for the induction of ovulation. It is a nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator that has predominant antiestrogenic action resulting in long-lasting estrogen receptor depletion. Side effects include antiestrogenic effects systemically and on the endometrium and cervical mucous. Letrozole is a ...
Phelan Niamh - - 2011
The ovary is a complex structure that is responsible for maintaining the endocrine support for a pregnancy during the first trimester until the placenta is sufficiently developed to assume this role. Most ovarian disorders of pregnancy actually relate to pre-existing ovarian conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome and premature ovarian ...
Chang Shuenn-Dhy - - 2011
Maternal ovarian torsion in pregnancy is a rare complication. This study was conducted to review the clinical manifestations, and to compare the outcome between laparoscopy and laparotomy in women undergoing surgery for ovarian torsion (OT) during pregnancy. Using the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, and Clinical Modification, we reviewed ...
Dias Thiran - - 2011
To compare the fetal loss rate of monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies according to their amnionicity. A retrospective review of all MC pregnancy outcomes in a tertiary centre. Pregnancy outcomes were compared for monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) versus monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) pregnancies. 29 MCMA and 117 MCDA twin pregnancies were identified. The ...
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