Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1102
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Evans Emily W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report and evaluate available data on the use of serotonin 5-HT(1) agonists (triptans) during pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: A PubMed search, limited to English-language articles on human subjects, was conducted (1990-December 2007) using the search terms pregnancy, migraine, and the individual triptan drug names. In addition, the manufacturers of ...
Breton Marie-Claude - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is evidence in the literature that inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are safe for pregnant women with asthma and their infants. Although this is useful information about ICS use during pregnancy, some articles must be viewed cautiously because of lack of power and adjustment for potentially important confounding variables. OBJECTIVE: ...
Mayhew T M - - 2008
Asthma is the most common respiratory disease to complicate pregnancy. Although adverse effects on the fetus have been documented, there is a paucity of information regarding the effects of asthma, and its treatment, on placental morphology. The aim of this study was to test for volumetric differences in placental composition ...
Abecia J A - - 2008
Administration of melatonin to advance the breeding season in sheep has been widely used, since this hormone conveys the photoperiodic signal to the reproductive neuroendocrine axis. An increased lambing percentage has been reported following such treatment during anoestrus, which could be mediated through a higher rate of embryonic survival, either ...
Padmanabhan Rengasamy - - 2008
Epileptic women do not withdraw antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy during pregnancy, therefore, exposure to AED during preimplantation stages might result in considerable embryonic concentrations endangering development. Neither clinical nor experimental research has addressed this important issue adequately. Vigabatrin (VGB), a second generation AED, is both effective and well tolerated as ...
Ramkisson Roshelle - - 2008
Antipsychotic prescription in pregnancy is a complex topic and raises a great deal of anxiety in professionals. There is limited data about atypical antipsychotic prescription in pregnancy and its possible teratogenicity. There are no randomised controlled studies of atypical antipsychotic use in pregnancy due to obvious reasons of ethical issues. ...
Gill Simerpal Kaur - - 2008
A patient of mine has been prescribed letrozole to induce ovulation; however, a recent release from the Food and Drug Administration contraindicates the use of letrozole in premenopausal women owing to teratogenicity. Does the use of letrozole increase the risk of a child being born with a birth defect? The ...
Engeland Anders - - 2008
Mothers are using medicines during pregnancies; the extent varies across the world and is generally difficult to compare. In this registry-based study, we examined more than 100,000 Norwegian pregnancies and described the drug prescription pattern of both fathers and mothers around conception and during pregnancy (mothers). In every trimester of ...
Vlastarakos Petros V - - 2008
Although all kinds of medications should be avoided during pregnancy, the majority of pregnant women receive at least one drug and 6% of them during the high-risk period of the first trimester. The aim of the present paper is to discuss the appropriate management of rhinologic and laryngeal conditions that ...
Seaton A - - 2008
This article recounts the story of the dietary hypothesis for the rise in asthma and allergies from the first idea to publication of papers showing an association of maternal diet during pregnancy with rise of asthma in the offspring at 2 and 5 years. The nutrient most consistently associated with ...
Timmermann G - - 2008
The human teratogenic effect of meprobamate is debated. Thus, the available data set regarding very large doses of meprobamate used for a suicide attempt during pregnancy was evaluated for effects on fetal development. Pregnant women were identified from self-poisoned subjects of a total population of approximately three million people (Budapest ...
Petik D - - 2008
Animal investigations showed some embryolethal and teratogenic effects of glutethimide, a piperidindion derivative non-barbital hypnotic drug. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of very large doses of glutethimide that were used for a suicide attempt during pregnancy on the embryo-fetal development of exposed children. Self-poisoned ...
Gidai J - - 2008
The purpose of this article is to report an evaluation of the teratogenic and fetotoxic potential of medezepam in humans based on pregnant women who used very large doses of medazepam for a suicide attempt. All self-poisoned patients were cared for at the Department of Toxicology Internal Medicine, Koranyi Hospital, ...
Petik D - - 2008
In Hungary, promethazine, a phenothiazine antihistamine, is the second most frequently used drug during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of very large doses of promethazine that were used for a suicide attempt during pregnancy on embryo-fetal development. Self-poisoned pregnant women were identified from patients ...
Katz Ohad - - 2008
The prevalence of asthma among pregnant women varies among studies from 4 to 8%, making it by far the most common respiratory disorder complicating pregnancy. Controversy exists among the numerous retrospective and prospective studies regarding pregnancy outcomes of asthmatic patients. Overall, the literature indicates that women with severe asthma are ...
Timmermann G - - 2008
The teratogenic potential of barbiturates is debated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of very large doses of different barbiturates, except phenobarbital and amobarbital, on fetal development in pregnant women who attempted suicide. These self-poisoned pregnant women were identified among the patients of the Department of ...
Holst Lone - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study characteristics of women using herbal drugs and the possible impact of use in early pregnancy on pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Data on the use of herbal drugs during pregnancy were obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Register during the period 1st July 1995 to end of 2004. Women ...
Christian M S - - 2008
The introduction describes the series of manuscripts resulting from the Hungarian Project for monitoring suicide attempts in pregnant women, as well as a history of the project, its various phases and participating individuals. This unique database contains information on all patients who attempted suicide by "self-poisoning" and were cared for ...
Gidai J - - 2008
The teratogenic potential of diazepam is debated. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of extremely high doses of diazepam used for attempted suicide during pregnancy on embryo-fetal development. Pregnant women were identified from the female patients of the Department of Toxicology Internal Medicine, Korányi Hospital, Budapest, ...
Gidai J - - 2008
The human teratogenic potential of chlordiazepoxide is debated. To study the effects on the fetal development of very large doses of chlordiazepoxide that were used for a suicide attempt during pregnancy, self-poisoned pregnant women were identified from patients in a toxicological inpatient clinic in Budapest, Hungary. Comparisons were made between ...
Petik D - - 2008
The teratogenic effect of barbitals is debated, and this study was performed to identify the effects of very large doses of amobarbital used for suicide attempts during pregnancy on embryo-fetal development. Self-poisoned pregnant women were identified from patients of the Department of Toxicology Internal Medicine, Korányi Hospital, Budapest, Hungary, who ...
Gidai J - - 2008
FDA has identified alprazolam, a new type of benzodiazepine, as pregnancy category D. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects on fetal development of very large doses of alprazolam that were used for suicide attempts during pregnancy. Pregnant women were identified among the patients of the Department ...
Dombrowski Mitchell P - - 2008
Asthma is a common, potentially serious medical condition that complicates approximately 4-8% of pregnancies. In general, the prevalence of and morbidity from asthma are increasing, although asthma mortality rates have decreased in recent years. The purpose of this document is to review the best available evidence about the management of ...
Soldin Offie P - - 2008
The triptans are a class of tryptamine-based drugs indicated for in the treatment of migraine headaches. The triptans act as serotonin (5-hydroxytriptamine) (5-HT) agonists by binding to various serotonin receptors, causing vasoconstriction and neuronal inhibition to alleviate migraines. There are 7 types of triptans currently available on the U.S. market: ...
Pathak, Atul
Counselling or prescribing drugs during pregnancy requires health professionals to assess risk/benefit ratio for women and their baby. A misperception of the risk may lead to inappropriate decisions for pregnancy outcomes. The aim of the present study was to assess teratogenic and/or foetotoxic risk perception of common medications by general ...
Takzare Nasrin - - 2008
ABSTRACT Flurazepam is a long acting drug with sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, relaxant, and anti-epileptic properties. The drug is a benzodiazepine and is commonly used by adults, including pregnant women, intentionally or sometimes unintentionally during their pregnancy. It is increasingly used these days, and therefore, it seems a special problem to ...
Ramos Elodie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Information on healthcare costs associated with poorly treated psychiatric disorders during and after pregnancy is limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the direct healthcare costs, during and after pregnancy, between women who continue their antidepressant therapy during the whole gestational period and those who discontinue their treatment during the first trimester. ...
Cooper William O - - 2008
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are some of the most frequently prescribed antihypertensives in the United States. These agents are contraindicated during the second half of pregnancy because prior studies have demonstrated that use of ACE inhibitors late in pregnancy can cause oligohydramnios, fetal growth restriction, skull defects, infant anuria and ...
Pennell Page B - - 2008
The ideal management of women with epilepsy during pregnancy involves achieving an optimal balance between minimizing fetal exposure to the deleterious influences of both antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and of seizures. Women with increased seizures during pregnancy tend to have subtherapeutic AED concentrations. Multiple physiological changes during pregnancy influence drug disposition, ...
Beach Robert L - - 2008
Most seizures during pregnancy occur in women who already have epilepsy. During pregnancy most women will continue their previous level of seizure control, although 15-30% may experience an increase in seizures. Pregnancy-induced changes in antiepileptic drug pharmacokinetics are a major factor affecting changes in seizure control during pregnancy, although compliance ...
Cunnington Marianne - - 2008
The chronic nature of epilepsy treatment, as well as the peak in incidence in children and adolescents, makes it likely that women of childbearing age will be exposed to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). This has led to the establishment of several pregnancy registries to monitor the safety of anticonvulsants in terms ...
Cohn Susan E - - 2008
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy is crucial to optimize its efficacy and minimize mother-to-child transmission. Our objective was to examine adherence patterns to ART and health behaviors during and after pregnancy among HIV-positive women enrolled in A5084, a prospective, observational, multisite study. Between 2002-2005, HIV-infected women between 20 ...
Pollard John R - - 2008
UCB SA was developing the high-affinity synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A ligand, seletracetam, an analog of levetiracetam, for the potential oral treatment of epilepsy. Phase II epilepsy trials were underway, but in July 2007, the company stated that development of seletracetam had been put on hold and it is unknown whether ...
Charlton Rachel A - - 2008
Pregnancy registries are the most commonly used data resource for the post-marketing surveillance of drug teratogenicity. However, the limited sample size and potential selection bias in these registries has led us to investigate the potential of the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD) as an alternative data source for monitoring ...
Witczak Monika - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data indicate that the pregnancies of epileptic women constitute about 1% of all pregnancies. A large group of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) applied in long-term monotherapy or polytherapy produce toxic metabolites as well as free radicals and reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
Vroom Fokaline - - 2008
PURPOSE: Continuation or discontinuation of drugs during pregnancy in chronic diseases is an issue of concern. Information on prescribing of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) during pregnancy is scarce. In this study, we report prescribing patterns round pregnancy of sulfasalazine (SSZ), azathioprine (AZA), methotrexate (MTX) and co-medications among women to ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2008
Maternal psychiatric disorders commonly considered as moderate may have a devastating impact on the fetus and the newborn. Thus, treating or preventing relapse of these disorders during pregnancy is a clinical and ethical duty, despite the fact that the need for rapid maternal symptomatological improvement appears to be at odds ...
DeToledo John - - 2008
Every pregnancy, even under the best of circumstances, carries risks with it. Having epilepsy and taking medications to treat seizures further increase these risks and not all patients are willing to accept risks. The issues related to pregnancy, epilepsy, and antiepileptic drugs and pregnancy are fraught with confusion and misperceptions. ...
Robinson Julian N - - 2008
Women with epilepsy who take antiseizure medicines have successful and unremarkable pregnancies the majority of the time. Achieving seizure freedom is important for successful pregnancies, and it is also highly predictive of seizure freedom during pregnancy. From data derived from the general population, vitamin supplementation is important to prevent birth ...
Vazquez Juan C - - 2008
Constipation, heartburn, and haemorrhoids are common gastrointestinal complaints during pregnancy. Constipation occurs in 11-38% of pregnant women. Although the exact prevalence of haemorrhoids during pregnancy is unknown, the condition is common, and the prevalence of symptomatic haemorrhoids in pregnant women is higher than in non-pregnant women. The incidence of heartburn ...
Berendt Mette - - 2008
The Belgian shepherd Groenendael and Tervueren is believed to be at higher risk of developing epilepsy than dogs of the common population. This epidemiological study was designed to estimate the prevalence of epilepsy in the Danish population of Groenendael and Tervueren born between 1995 and 2004. Furthermore, it was the ...
Steinhoff Bernhard J - - 2008
The majority of epileptic disorders are not self-limiting over time, and therefore require a long-lasting and often even lifelong antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment. In women with epilepsy the influence of their disease on the possibility and course of pregnancies, as well as the potential impact of the AED treatment on ...
Brodtkorb Eylert - - 2008
The main concerns associated with epilepsy during pregnancy consist of maternal and fetal risks from uncontrolled seizures, and harmful effects of the treatment on the development of the offspring. Although seizure control is maintained in the majority, worsening occurs in a fraction of childbearing women with epilepsy. As multiple factors ...
Tomson Torbjörn - - 2008
The use of older generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy is known to be associated with a two- to threefold increased risk of birth defects in the offspring and possible also other adverse outcomes in the exposed infant. Much less has been known about newer generation AEDs in this respect. ...
Montouris Georgia - - 2007
Special treatment considerations are warranted in women with epilepsy, particularly those of childbearing age. Treatment guidelines generally recommend the use of antiepileptic drug (AED) monotherapy at the lowest dose possible during pregnancy. The UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register reported that the risk for major congenital malformations is higher with AED ...
Rayburn William F - - 2007
This article discusses a variety of issues related to pregnancies complicated by substance use. Drug use is most prevalent in the reproductive age population. Even though a reduction in substance use may occur during pregnancy, some women may not alter their drug use patterns until pregnancy is diagnosed. For these ...
Vajda Frank J E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies are needed to assess the maternal and fetal hazards of antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy in pregnancy. AIMS: To make the Australian Register of AEDs in Pregnancy better known to the Australian obstetric community by presenting results derived from it. METHODS: Analysis of data collected by the Register ...
Pennell P B PB Emory Epilepsy Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2008
To characterize the magnitude and course of alterations in total and free lamotrigine (LTG) clearance (Cl) during pregnancy and the postpartum period, to assess the impact of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) on seizure frequency, to determine the ratio to individual target LTG concentration that is associated with increased seizure risk, ...
Vajda Frank J E - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine how valid 68 first-trimester pregnancies of untreated epileptic women would prove as an internal control group for investigating foetal malformation rates in 709 simultaneously collected antiepileptic drug-exposed pregnancies in an Australian register of pregnancies in epileptic women. We carried out comparisons of ...
Vlastarakos Petros V - - 2008
In everyday practise, more than 80% of pregnant women receive one at least medication, often for ENT causes. The aim of the present paper is to review the literature on safety and administration of medical treatment for ear diseases, in pregnant women. The literature review includes Medline and database sources. ...
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