Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1113
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Silberstein Stephen D - - 2005
Most women with migraine improve during pregnancy. Some women have their first attack. Migraine often recurs postpartum and can begin for the first time. Drugs are commonly used during pregnancy despite insufficient knowledge about their effects on the growing fetus. Most drugs are not teratogenic. Adverse effects, such as spontaneous ...
Hunt Stephen J - - 2005
Women with epilepsy taking antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy have been shown to have an increased risk of having a child with a major malformation. There is some recent evidence to suggest that these drugs may also affect cognitive and behavioural development. Epilepsy is a common neurological condition and women with ...
Morrison John J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To objectively measure individual recreational drug groups in maternal hair samples timed for the period of conception and different stages of pregnancy in expectant mothers with a diagnosis of fetal gastroschisis. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary level Fetal Medicine Unit in a University teaching hospital. POPULATION: Pregnant women ...
Kampman Margitta T - - 2005
PURPOSE: Several international guidelines for the management of women with epilepsy (WWE) have been developed since 1989. We aimed to determine whether guidelines for the management of WWE are followed and whether active implementation of such guidelines makes a difference to clinical practice. METHODS: The study covered a 2-year period ...
Ferrero Simone - - 2005
Myasthenia gravis (MG) often affects women in the second and third decades of life, overlapping with the childbearing years. The course of the disease is unpredictable during pregnancy; however, worsening of symptoms occurs more likely during the first trimester and postpartum. MG can be well managed during pregnancy with relatively ...
Saitoh Akihiko A Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0672, - - 2005
We report a case of myelomeningocele in an infant whose mother was exposed to efavirenz during the first 16 weeks of pregnancy. Although the true risk for myelomeningocele with the use of efavirenz early in pregnancy is still unknown, the findings in humans are consistent with those observed in primates ...
Salam Muhammad T - - 2005
Maternal fish consumption during pregnancy may affect children's asthma risk by modulating early-life immune development. Type of fish intake may be important because of differences in fatty acid content. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a nested case-control study, selecting subjects from the Children's Health Study, a population-based study of ...
Gluck Paul A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Inadequately controlled rhinitis is associated with worsening asthma, one of the most common potentially serious causes of pregnancy complications. Recent evidence-based guidelines now stress the importance of inhaled corticosteroids as first-line therapy in controlling asthma during pregnancy, with preference given to budesonide. Both inhaled and intranasal budesonide formulations are ...
Dewyea Victor A - - 2005
Asthma, one of the most common serious medical problems to complicate pregnancy, affects 3-8% of pregnancies in the United States. The goals of therapy in the pregnant asthmatic patient do not differ from those in non-pregnant patients. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are preferred in the management of all levels of persistent ...
McKay Dianne B - - 2005
It has been almost 50 years since the first child was born to a female transplant recipient. Since that time pregnancy has become common after transplantation, but physicians have been left to rely on case reports, small series and data from voluntary registries to guide the care of their patients. ...
Sá del Fiol F - - 2005
Like anybody else, pregnant women are susceptible to infections. The correct treatment of these women, however, must consider along with pathogens, the infection site and antibiotic pharmacokinetics, the fetus and possible side effects to the child. When prescribing over this special condition, the physician must remember that the prescription will ...
Checa Miguel A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between native Spanish and immigrant pregnant women in behaviour relating to the use of medications during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the department of obstetrics and gynaecology of an acute-care teaching hospital in the city of Barcelona, Spain. A total of ...
Ziegler Aubrey - - 2005
Asthma is estimated to affect up to 7% of pregnancies. Patients should be aggressively managed as poor asthma control during pregnancy can lead to poor outcomes for mother and child. Though there are no randomized double-blind placebo-controlled studies of asthma medications during pregnancy, data suggests that undertreatment of asthma poses ...
Barqawi R - - 2005
We aimed to determine a treatment protocol for pregnant women with epilepsy. We selected 50 pregnant women from the antenatal clinic, King Hussein Medical Centre, who had been treated for epilepsy prior to pregnancy. They were divided into 3 groups. Group A (n = 16) received monotherapy with carbamazepine, group ...
Namazy Jennifer Altamura - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is the most common, potentially serious medical problem to complicate pregnancy. Women with asthma have been shown to be at increased risk of complications during pregnancy. Managing asthma during pregnancy is unique because the effect of both the illness and the treatment on the developing fetus ...
Veurink Marieke - - 2005
Since the 1940s, diaethylstilbestrol (DES) has been used by millions of pregnant women to prevent miscarriages and many other disorders in pregnancy. In 1971, it became clear that this apparently innocent treatment proved to be a time bomb for the infants exposed to DES during the first trimester of pregnancy. ...
Li Duan - - 2005
Previous studies reported that the HBV DNA level in maternal serum is an important risk factor for intrauterine infection. Two antiviral drugs, lamivudine (3TC) and interferon alpha (IFNalpha), are used extensively clinically to reduce maternal HBV DNA level, However, because of a lack of evidence on the efficacy and safety ...
O'Brien M D - - 2005
There are many aspects to the management of epilepsy in women related to their role in reproduction. Some of these need to be considered in adolescents, some are related to pregnancy, concerning both the mother and her infant, and others with the menstrual cycle and the menopause. This review considers ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the pregnancy outcomes after the use of acetazolamide in pregnant patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: setting: Two tertiary care academic neuro-ophthalmology units. patient population: Patients with IIH treated with acetazolamide. observation procedure: Documentation of pregnancy outcome. main outcome measures: Normal pregnancy, ...
Akanuma Nozomi - - 2005
We report two patients with temporal lobe epilepsy who developed prolonged episodes of postictal psychosis (12 weeks) following a bout of seizures and a lucid interval. No drug toxicity was noted, and no recurrent or continuous seizures were observed during their prolonged psychotic episodes. Repeated EEGs during the period of ...
Sander Stephanie C Eken - - 2005
Prescription opioids are used medically to treat pain, but their diversion and abuse continues to escalate in the United States. Abuse of OxyContin (Purdue Pharma LP, Stamford, CT), a timed-release form of oxycodone, is a major focus of public health and law enforcement agencies. The rise in opioid abuse may ...
Montouris Georgia - - 2005
Seizure control in pregnant women with epilepsy is vital, as maternal seizures may have deleterious consequences. The treatment of pregnant women with epilepsy is, however, complicated by the teratogenicity of older antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). In this review, the safety of the newer AED oxcarbazepine during pregnancy is assessed based on ...
Heazell Alexander E P - - 2005
Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) is a potentially serious complication of early pregnancy, which may rarely be severe enough to warrant termination of pregnancy. HG requires prompt treatment with intravenous fluids, thiamine supplementation and appropriate anti-emetic therapy. Anti-histamines such as promethazine are favoured as first-line agents, with prochlorperazine being used as a ...
Tomson Torbjörn - - 2005
Information on the risks associated with antiepileptic drug (AED) use in pregnancy is necessary for a rational approach to the management of women of childbearing potential who have epilepsy. This reviews addresses recent reports on the risk for birth defects and impaired postnatal development attributable to prenatal exposure to AEDs. ...
Osur Scott L - - 2005
Asthma and rhinitis frequently complicate pregnancy. The course of asthma may be adversely altered by gestation, placing the mother and fetus at risk. Therefore, pregnant patients with persistent asthma require an aggressive asthma management plan that includes environmental control measures and the use of long-term controller medications. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) ...
Siddiqui Anita K - - 2005
Asthma is a common and potentially serious condition complicating pregnancy. However, the literature available on the management of severe asthma in pregnancy is limited. We describe two episodes of respiratory failure due to asthma in pregnant women and discuss their management in the context of a review of the literature. ...
Murphy V E - - 2005
Asthma is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. Numerous historical and prospective cohort studies have investigated the effects of maternal asthma on pregnancy outcome; however, the data has been conflicting and many studies have not used standard classifications for asthma severity. Overall, the literature suggests that asthmatic females are more at risk ...
Watson William J - - 2005
Herceptin (trastuzumab), a new a chemotherapeutic agent, is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 protein. There is no reported experience with use of this agent during pregnancy and possible effects on the fetus. A patient with breast cancer was treated with Herceptin during pregnancy. ...
Pennell Page B - - 2005
Children born to mothers taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are at increased risk for findings of fetal anticonvulsant syndrome. Accepted treatment paradigms to minimize fetal risks include use of AED monotherapy and folic acid supplementation. However, as data are acquired from several ongoing pregnancy registries, differential risks among the various AED ...
Kalra Sanjog - - 2005
Depression during pregnancy affects an estimated 10 - 20% of women, some of whom will require treatment with antidepressants. It is of great importance that the safety of this particular class of drugs is reviewed, to ensure the optimal treatment of the mother while protecting her unborn child. In this ...
Eadie Mervyn J - - 2005
The Australian Registry of Antiepileptic Drug Use in Pregnancy includes 172 instances in which women took sodium valproate, with or without other antiepileptic drugs, during pregnancy. These pregnancies resulted in a substantially higher (p < 0.05) rate of malformed offspring (15.1%) compared with 348 pregnant women who took antiepileptic drugs ...
Alwan S - - 2005
Angiotensin II (A-II) is the main effector of the renin-angiotensin system. A-II functions by binding its type 1 (AT1) receptors to cause vasoconstriction and retention of sodium and fluid. Several AT1 receptor antagonists-a group of drugs collectively called "sartans"-have been marketed during the past few years for treatment of hypertension ...
Gluck Joan C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to educate physicians on the safety of asthma controller use during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive literature search using MEDLINE, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, and selected bibliographies identified human gestational studies of asthma controller medications from which maternal ...
Diav-Citrin O - - 2005
Proton pump inhibitors are used to treat gastro-oesophageal reflux and peptic ulcers. Gastro-oesophageal reflux is a common condition in pregnancy. Human pregnancy experience with lansoprazole or pantoprazole is very limited. More data exist on the safety of omeprazole in pregnancy. To assess the safety of proton pump inhibitors in pregnancy. ...
Clifton V L - - 2005
Our previous work has demonstrated that alterations in placental function are associated with changes in fetal development in pregnancies complicated by asthma. The pathophysiology of asthma in adults and children and intrauterine growth restriction during pregnancy are associated with oxidative stress. Based on this information, we examined whether placental anti-oxidant ...
Fox Anthony W - - 2005
Migraine is common during pregnancy, but fortunately this combination of conditions obviously exists for only a finite period. The greatest frequency of migraine attacks occurs during the first trimester. Accurate diagnosis is a sine qua non in this setting as in any headache patient. It is in the first trimester ...
Anderson Gail D - - 2005
Observational studies have documented that women take a variety of medications during pregnancy. It is well known that pregnancy can induce changes in the plasma concentrations of some drugs. The use of mechanistic-based approaches to drug interactions has significantly increased our ability to predict clinically significant drug interactions and improve ...
Morrison Janna L - - 2005
Women are at greatest risk of suffering from depression during the childbearing years and thus may either become pregnant while taking an antidepressant or may require a prescription for one during pregnancy. The antidepressant fluoxetine (FX) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which increases serotonin neurotransmission. Serotonin is involved ...
Trixler Mátyás - - 2005
The rapid development of pharmacotherapy has resulted in a growing clinical importance for the treatment of the increasing number of women with schizophrenia during pregnancy. An evolving database on reproductive health safety factors for women with schizophrenia has begun to be of assistance in optimising clinical benefits for women with ...
van Runnard Heimel P J - - 2005
Corticosteroids are potent antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs, which are used in the treatment of a wide range of medical disorders. During pregnancy, several corticosteroids are administered for maternal as well as fetal reasons. Prednisone and prednisolone show limited transplacental passage and are thus used for treatment of maternal disease. Dexamethasone ...
Adam I - - 2005
In a prospective study carried out in New Halfa Teaching Hospital, in eastern Sudan, between June 2001 and April 2003, 25 pregnant Sudanese women with schistosomiasis mansoni were each treated with a single oral dose of praziquantel (PZQ), at 40 mg/kg. The drug was given to six (24%), 12 (48%) ...
Saygan-Karamursel Burcu - - 2005
A case of coma due to carbamazepine ingestion with the intention of committing suicide at 33 weeks' gestation is presented. Management included activated charcoal administration and exchange plasmapheresis. A fetal non-stress test was non-reassuring but the Apgar score, cord blood gases and early neonatal outcome were normal. Differential diagnosis of ...
Nordeng Hedvig - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Herbal drugs are often promoted as 'natural' and 'safe'. These claims may especially attract pregnant women who are often concerned about their unborn child's well-being. Few studies have assessed the use of herbal drugs in pregnancy and the factors related to this use. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2005
Environmental teratogenic factors (e.g. alcohol) are preventable. We focus our analysis on human teratogenic drugs which are not used frequently during pregnancy. The previous human teratogenic studies had serious methodological problems, e.g. the first trimester concept is outdated because environmental teratogens cannot induce congenital abnormalities in the first month of ...
Namazy Jennifer Altamura - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is the most common potentially serious medical problem to complicate pregnancy. Asthmatic women have been shown to be at an increased risk of complications during pregnancy. Managing asthma during pregnancy is unique because the effects of both the illness and the treatment on the developing fetus ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2005
A substantial number of women of childbearing age are prescribed psychotropic drugs, and because nearly 50% of pregnancies are unplanned, many women are still taking them upon becoming pregnant. This article reviews the various classes of psychotropic drugs that are commonly used to treat psychiatric disorders--antidepressants, benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, antiepileptics, lithium ...
Huntley Alyson L AL Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK. - - 2005
Echinacea spp. are native to North America and were traditionally used by the Indian tribes for a variety of ailments, including mouth sores, colds and snake-bites. The three most commonly used Echinacea spp. are E. angustifolia, E. pallida and E. purpurea. Systematic literature searches were conducted in six electronic databases ...
Gilbert Cameron C Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, The University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto M5G 1X8, Ontario, - - 2005
Allergic rhinitis is the most common allergic disease. Pharmacological interventions are often not used in pregnancy because of alarming information in drug labels and patient information, even when evidence for safety exists.Low-risk therapies could include immunotherapy, intranasal sodium cromoglycate (cromolyn sodium), beclometasone, budesonide and first-generation antihistamines. In a meta-analysis examining ...
Nordeng Hedvig H Department of Pharmacotherapeutics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. - - 2005
Pharmacotherapy in pregnant women is often necessary to treat chronic or relapsing depression or anxiety disorders. Studies that have evaluated the safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in early pregnancy have not shown an enhanced risk of major congenital malformations and these results may have contributed to the increasing ...
Eberhard-Gran Malin M Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Postbox 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo, Norway. - - 2005
Mood disorders in pregnancy may have a negative effect on self care and pregnancy outcome that affects the mother directly and the child indirectly. Thus, some women may require pharmacological treatment. Pharmacotherapy of mood disorders during pregnancy implies specific considerations. This paper presents an updated review of available studies on ...
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