Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1799
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Facchinetti Fabio - - 2011
Objective.?As the influence of socio-demographic variables, lifestyle and medical conditions on the epidemiology of stillbirth (SB) is modified by population features, we aimed at investigating the role played by these factors on the incidence of SB in a developed country. Study design.?Multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR with 95% CI) was ...
Lange Nancy E - - 2010
The rise in asthma prevalence over the last few decades may be a result of changes in prenatal or early-life environment, including maternal diet during pregnancy. Previous studies have found associations between individual foods or nutrients consumed during pregnancy and asthma or wheeze in children, but these may be confounded ...
Bhattacharya S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of recurrence of stillbirth in a second pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Scotland, UK. POPULATION: All women who delivered their first and second pregnancies in Scotland between 1981 and 2005. METHODS: All women delivering for the first time between 1981 and 2000 were linked ...
Ford Nathan N Médecins Sans Frontières, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2010
Data on efavirenz safety in first trimester pregnancy are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available evidence from observational cohorts. We ran duplicate searches of databases (up to 02 January, 2010) and searchable websites of major HIV conferences (up to February, 2010) to identify observational cohorts ...
Cohen Eyal - - 2011
To investigate pregnancy outcome in patients with condyloma acuminata. A retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancy outcome of women with and without condyloma acuminata was performed. A sub-group analysis was performed between patients with localized disease (n = 40), extended disease (n = 25) and no condyloma acuminata (n = 227,202). Using a multivariate logistic regression model, ...
Jentink Janneke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of valproic acid in the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of spina bifida, but data on the risks of other congenital malformations are limited. METHODS: We first combined data from eight published cohort studies (1565 pregnancies in which the women were exposed ...
Guzel Ali Irfan - - 2011
We designed this retrospective study to evaluate the association between maternal and fetal parameters and perinatal mortality in hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. In this retrospective study, 152 pregnancies complicated with HELLP syndrome were evaluated. Risk factors recorded were maternal age, gravidity, gestational age (weeks), ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to check the association of maternal periodontal infectious disease (MPID) during pregnancy and the possible risk for birth outcomes, mainly structural birth defects: congenital abnormalities (CAs) in their children. METHODS: The population-based data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities, ...
Gollenberg Audra L - - 2010
Studies conducted among nonpregnant populations have observed an association between sedentary behavior and glucose intolerance. Few studies have investigated this association during pregnancy, particularly among Latina women, a population with higher rates of sedentary behavior and abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) as compared with non-Latina white women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of ...
Gilani Syed Amir - - 2010
To evaluate the ductus venosus hemodynamic parameters in 31-40 weeks gestation normal fetus in the Pakistani population using Doppler ultrasonography. In a standardized protocol 106 pregnant women (31 to 40 gestation weeks) were scanned. The peak systolic velocity (maximum velocity during S wave) (PSV), peak velocity index (peak velocity S ...
Magann Everett F - - 2010
To review flight regulations and gestational complications associated with air travel in pregnant passengers, flight attendants, and aviators. A literature search was undertaken on the relationship of air travel and spontaneous pregnancy losses, intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), birth weight<10th percentile, preterm delivery, and neonatal intensive care unit admissions. The literature ...
Rodger Marc A - - 2010
Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation (PGM) are common inherited thrombophilias. Retrospective studies variably suggest a link between maternal FVL/PGM and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications including pregnancy loss, small for gestational age, pre-eclampsia and placental abruption. Prospective cohort studies provide a superior methodologic design but require larger sample sizes ...
Ford J B - - 2010
To investigate the recurrence risk of breech presentation at term, and to assess the risk factors that contribute to its recurrence. Cohort study. New South Wales, Australia. Women with their first two (n = 113 854) and first three (n = 21 690) consecutive singleton term pregnancies, in the period ...
Nakhai-Pour Hamid Reza - - 2010
The risk of relapse of depression or the diagnosis of some other psychiatric disorders during pregnancy necessitates the use of antidepressants despite possible adverse effects. Whether such use increases the risk of spontaneous abortion is still being debated. We evaluated the risk of spontaneous abortion in relation to the use ...
Li Jiong - - 2010
Severe prenatal stress exposure has been found to increase the risk of neuropsychiatric conditions like schizophrenia. We examined the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring following prenatal maternal bereavement, as a potential source of stress exposure. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study including all 1,015,912 singletons born ...
Morris R Katie RK School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TG, UK. - - 2010
To evaluate the test accuracy of ductus venosus Doppler for prediction of compromise of fetal/neonatal wellbeing. The search strategy employed searching of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, Medion) from inception to May 2009, hand searching of journal and reference lists, contact with experts. Two reviewers independently selected articles in ...
Romanyuk Vitaliy - - 2011
To establish radiological characteristics of pneumonia during pregnancy and to investigate pregnancy outcomes in patients hospitalised due to pneumonia. Study design. A population-based study comparing all pregnancies of women with and without pneumonia between was conducted. The diagnosis of pneumonia was confirmed by chest radiograph. Multivariable logistic regression models were ...
Silva Lindsay M - - 2010
Women of low socio-economic status (SES) give birth to lighter babies. It is unknown from which moment during pregnancy socio-economic differences in fetal weight can be observed, whether low SES equally affects different fetal-growth components, or what the effect of low SES is after taking into account mediating factors. In ...
Lepeule Johanna - - 2010
Studies of the effects of air pollutants on birth weight often assess exposure with networks of permanent air quality monitoring stations (AQMSs), which have a poor spatial resolution. We aimed to compare the exposure model based on the nearest AQMS and a temporally adjusted geostatistical (TAG) model with a finer ...
Cassina Matteo - - 2010
To assess the safety of diclofenac during pregnancy. A prospective observational cohort study, evaluating follow-up data of women who contacted Teratology Information Services to get counseling. The exposed group included 145 pregnant women who were exposed to diclofenac between the 5th and the 14th gestational week. A contemporary control group ...
Acs Nándor - - 2011
The possible association between otitis media in pregnancy (OMP) and structural birth defects, that is, congenital abnormalities (CAs), in their offspring has not been studied. The data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities, 1980 and 1996, was evaluated. There were 58 (0.25%) and 55 (0.14%) of 22 843 ...
Lykke Jacob Alexander - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of first-trimester bleeding without miscarriage and complications later in the first pregnancy as well as in the next pregnancy. METHODS: In a retrospective, registry-based cohort study, we identified women delivering in Denmark from 1978 to 2007 with a first singleton pregnancy (n=782,287) and first and ...
Lebel David E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether symphysiolysis during pregnancy is a risk factor for cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: A retrospective population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies of women with and without symphysiolysis was conducted. Deliveries occurred between the years 2000 and 2007. Multiple logistic regression models were used to control for confounders. ...
Both Marieke I MI Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Erasmus University Medical Center, SK 4130, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2010
The potential relationship between daily physical activity and pregnancy outcome remains unclear because of the wide variation in study designs and physical activity assessment measures. We sought to prospectively quantify the potential effects of the various domains of physical activity on selected birth outcomes in a large unselected population. The ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2011
This study investigated the clinical significance of placental abruption occurred at preterm compared with those that occurred at term. We reviewed the obstetric records of 102 singleton deliveries complicated by placental abruption after 22 weeks of gestation. The χ(2) test for categorical variables was used and differences with p < 0.05 were considered ...
Lebbe Marie - - 2010
Data concerning the safety for pregnancy of cabergoline treatment in hyperprolactinaemic women are still scarce. To exclude a higher than normal risk for miscarriage and congenital malformation in pregnancies initiated under cabergoline treatment. A retrospective study of 100 pregnancies in 72 hyperprolactinaemic women treated with cabergoline at the time of ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study in a large-scale cohort with prospective data the associations of psychosocial adversities during pregnancy with length of gestation and offspring size at birth. METHODS: We defined a priori two types of psychosocial adversity during pregnancy: life stress (perceived burdens in major areas of life) and emotional symptoms ...
Rodr?guez-Bernal Clara L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal diet has been associated with fetal growth outcomes; however, evidence is scarce on the role of dietary quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effect of diet quality during the first trimester of pregnancy, as measured by the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) adapted for pregnancy, on ...
Liu A J W - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can lead to significant intellectual and behavioural problems in later life. IUGR represents a frequent feature of pregnancies of opioid-dependent mothers (ODMs), the causes of which are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the independent risk factors for IUGR ...
Gold Katherine J KJ University of Michigan, Department of Family Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1213, USA. - - 2010
The goal was to evaluate marriage and cohabitation outcomes for couples who experienced a live birth or fetal death at any gestational age. For married and cohabitating women who experienced live births, miscarriages, or stillbirths, we conducted a survival analysis (median follow-up period: 7.8 years), by using data from the ...
Thorsell M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess if fetal size at the time of ultrasound dating examination is associated with the risk of macrosomia and complications associated with macrosomia. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 19 377 singleton pregnancies dated in gestational weeks 16-20 during the period 1998-2004 at Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, ...
Nakhai-Pour H R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In spite of the widespread use of antihypertensives during pregnancy, data on their risks and benefits for the newborn are limited. We investigated the risk of major congenital malformations or small-for-gestational-age newborns (SGA) in relation to gestational use of antihypertensives. METHODS: Within the Quebec Pregnancy Registry, we conducted two ...
Magann Everett F - - 2010
To determine pregnancy outcomes in high-risk non-anomalous singleton pregnancies with oligo- and polyhydramnios. In high-risk pregnancies undergoing antenatal testing, the last amniotic fluid index (AFI) prior to delivery in pregnancies with polyhydramnios (>97.5th percentile) and oligohydramnios (<2.5th percentile) was correlated with pregnancy outcomes. There were 2597 pregnancies with a normal ...
Cleary Brian J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the extent, nature and determinants of medication use in early pregnancy. METHODS: We reviewed early pregnancy medication use, as reported to a midwife at the booking interview, in women delivering between 2000 and 2007 in a large maternity hospital in Dublin, Ireland (n = 61 252). RESULTS: ...
Middelburg Karin J - - 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) on neurodevelopmental outcome in children. We conducted a prospective follow-up study of children born to women randomly assigned to in vitro fertilization with or without PGS. Primary outcome was adverse neurologic outcome at 18 mo; secondary ...
Youssef Mohamed A F M - - 2010
Recently, dopamine agonists were proposed as a prophylactic treatment for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in women at high risk in IVF/ICSI treatment cycles. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing the prophylactic effect of the dopamine agonist, cabergoline, versus no treatment in IVF/ICSI cycles. Primary outcome ...
Bergmann Renate L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and evaluate the most important risk factors for early postpartum anemia. STUDY DESIGN: The perinatal process data of 43,807 women delivering between 1993 and 2008 (90.1% of all deliveries) in the largest university obstetric department in Germany were analyzed, and the associations of Hb<8 g/dl ...
Alwan N A - - 2010
To examine the relationship between dietary supplement use during pregnancy and birth outcomes. A prospective birth cohort. Leeds, UK. One thousand two hundred and seventy-four pregnant women aged 18-45 years. Dietary supplement intake was ascertained using three questionnaires for the first, second and third trimesters. Dietary intake was reported in ...
Minnerop Max H - - 2011
Reliance upon patient assessment in excluding pregnancy is questionable. Physicians are encouraged to obtain pregnancy tests in all women of childbearing age. We affirmed the accuracy of women and their physicians in predicting pregnancy. This was a prospective, observational study performed in a suburban academic emergency department on adult women ...
Halliday-Bell J A - - 2010
Laboratory workers are commonly exposed to chemical, biological and physical agents. They also may adopt poor postures for long periods and be engaged in moving and handling. These factors may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in female laboratory workers. To assess whether laboratory work during pregnancy increases the ...
Greenwood Darren C - - 2010
Caffeine is a commonly consumed drug during pregnancy with the potential to affect the developing fetus. Findings from previous studies have shown inconsistent results. We recruited a cohort of 2,643 pregnant women, aged 18-45 years, attending two UK maternity units between 8 and 12 weeks gestation from September 2003 to ...
Legro Richard S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been associated with reproductive complications. We hypothesized that declining air quality during in vitro fertilization (IVF) would adversely affect live birth rates. METHODS: Data from US Environmental Protection Agency air quality monitors and an established national-scale, log-normal kriging method were used to spatially estimate daily mean ...
Bhattacharya Sohinee - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of further miscarriage or preterm delivery in women with a history of miscarriages in previous pregnancies, adjusting for maternal age and smoking. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using all women with first pregnancies recorded between 1950 and 2000 in the Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank.Exposure ...
Stiller-Timor Liran - - 2010
We sought to determine whether there is an association between upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) requiring hospitalization during pregnancy and adverse perinatal complications. A retrospective population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies of patients with and without URTI requiring hospitalization was performed. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to control for ...
Chu Susan Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy varies from 4% to 9%, but no studies have distinguished between abuse rates by former versus current partners. PURPOSE: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of IPV among U.S. women shortly before ...
Solans-Dom?nech Maite - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate frequency and severity and to identify risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) and anal incontinence during pregnancy and after delivery in previously continent nulliparous women. METHODS: We designed a cohort study of healthy, continent, nulliparous pregnant women attending public health care services. The field work was conducted ...
Bingham Jemel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this review were to determine the incidence of recurrent shoulder dystocia and the incidence of brachial plexus injury in such cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of PubMed was conducted between 1980 and March 2009. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: ...
Eskenazi Brenda - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pollution may play a role in population trends of declining semen quality and regional differences in time to pregnancy (TTP) in industrialized societies. Dioxins including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) have been suspected. In 1976, an explosion near Seveso, Italy resulted in the highest TCDD exposure known in residential populations. Twenty years ...
Dadkhah Farideh - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pregnancy outcome in pregnancies with threatened abortion (miscarriage). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective cohort study was performed on 1000 pregnant women. 500 women (case group), had a history of vaginal bleeding during the first half of pregnancy and the other 500 women (control group), did not ...
Graatsma E Margo - - 2010
The obesity epidemic challenges traditional antenatal fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring technologies. Doppler signals in particular are attenuated. We sought to evaluate whether the performance of a novel transabdominal fetal electrocardiogram (fECG) device (AN24, Monica Healthcare) is influenced by body mass index (BMI). We performed a prospective observational study of ...
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