Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1865
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Lindsay Brianna B Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, - - 2011
Pregnant methamphetamine users who leave substance use treatment against professional advice may be at risk of poorer health outcomes. To examine the hypothesis that methamphetamine use during pregnancy may be associated with leaving substance use treatment against professional advice, the 2006 Treatment Episode Data Set was analyzed. A logistic regression ...
Burgazlı K Mehmet KM Clinic of Internal Medicine, Cardiology, Angiology, University Giessen, Giessen, Germany ; Department of Internal Medicine, Phlebologie, Medical Center Wuppertal, Wuppertal, - - 2011
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common condition in which the approach to its diagnosis has evolved over the years. Currently, an algorithm strategy combining pre-test probability, D-Dimer testing and compression ultrasound imaging allows for safe and convenient investigation of suspected lower-extremity thrombosis. Patients with low pre-test probability and a ...
Vedmedovska Natalija - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to find an association between the uterine and umbilical arteries blood flow patterns in growth-restricted (FGR) and normal fetuses and placental microscopic lesions. METHODS: Fifty women with prenatally suspected and post-delivery confirmed FGR of singleton fetuses were enrolled in a case-controlled follow-up study ...
Pongrojpaw Densak - - 2010
To assess the value of uterine artery colour Doppler waveform analysis in the prediction of adverse pregnancy outcome such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction in high risk pregnancy women. Uterine artery Doppler screening was performed as part of mid trimester screening between 20 and 24 weeks gestation in high risk ...
Burke Anne E - - 2010
To estimate whether a gel containing the spermicide C31G was noninferior to a commercially available product containing nonoxynol-9. Participants were healthy, sexually active women aged 18-40 years. Measured outcomes included pregnancy rates, continuation rates, adverse events, and acceptability. The primary study outcome was contraceptive efficacy. Sample size was calculated at ...
Pasternak Björn - - 2010
Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are common in pregnancy, but there are limited data on the risk of birth defects associated with exposure to proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) in early pregnancy. We conducted a cohort study to assess the association between exposure to PPIs during pregnancy and the risk of major birth ...
Gehring Ulrike - - 2011
Maternal exposure to air pollution has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Few studies took into account the spatial and temporal variation of air pollution levels. To evaluate the impact of maternal exposure to traffic-related air pollution during pregnancy on preterm birth and term birth weight using a spatio-temporal exposure ...
Zhu Jin Liang - - 2010
Children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) have been reported to have a higher risk of cerebral palsy (CP), perhaps due to the higher frequency of preterm birth, multiple births or vanishing embryo in the pregnancies. However, it has been suggested that the underlying infertility ...
Jensen Morten Søndergaard - - 2010
Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors-acetaminophen, ibuprofen and acetylsalicylic acid-have endocrine-disruptive properties in the rainbow trout. In humans, aspirin blocks the androgen response to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and, because hCG-stimulated androgen production in utero is crucial for normal testicular descent, exposure to COX inhibitors at vulnerable times during gestation may impair testicular ...
Rubin David M - - 2011
To examine, following statewide dissemination, the influence of an evidence-based home visitation program for first-time mothers on reductions of subsequent pregnancies across time and different locations. Retrospective cohort study. Replication sites for the Nurse-Family Partnership (17 urban sites and 6 rural sites) across the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania between January 1, ...
Stein Aryeh D - - 2010
Digit lengths, and in particular the ratio of the 2nd (2D) to 4th (4D) digit (2D:4D), are stable in adulthood and have been linked to characteristics thought to have developmental origins, but little research has focused on early life determinants of these measures. We examined whether exposure to acute famine ...
Cantonwine David - - 2010
Research on the role of environmental lead exposure in the complex etiology of premature birth has yielded inconsistent results. We assessed the trimester-specific effect of prenatal lead exposure on gestational age and risk of premature delivery. We used linear and logistic regression to identify critical windows of susceptibility to lead ...
Contro E - - 2010
Chronic intervillositis of the placenta is known to be associated with poor reproductive outcome and a high risk of recurrence. The aims of the present study were to quantify the risk of recurrence of chronic intervillositis in subsequent pregnancies, to explore if there are possible interventions and to assess the ...
Tinker Sarah C - - 2010
Maternal injuries during pregnancy are common and can cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to describe factors related to injury during pregnancy. We analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a population-based, case-control study of birth defects in 10 U.S. states. We estimated the proportion of control mothers, ...
Sicherer Scott H SH Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. - - 2010
Peanut allergy is typically severe, lifelong, and prevalent. To identify factors associated with peanut sensitization. We evaluated 503 infants 3 to 15 months of age (mean, 9.4 months) with likely milk or egg allergy but no previous diagnosis of peanut allergy. A total of 308 had experienced an immediate allergic reaction ...
Tollånes Mette Christophersen - - 2011
The porphyrias comprise a heterogeneous group of rare, primarily hereditary, metabolic diseases caused by a partial deficiency in one of the eight enzymes involved in the heme biosynthesis. Our aim was to assess whether acute or cutaneous porphyria has been associated with excess risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. A population-based ...
Morales Eva - - 2011
We assessed whether maternal C-reactive protein (CRP) levels during pregnancy and CRP gene variations are associated with wheezing and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in offspring. Information on wheezing and LRTIs in the offspring at 6 and 14 months of age, and maternal CRP levels and genotype was obtained from ...
Vanky Eszter - - 2010
Metformin is widely prescribed to pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in an attempt to reduce pregnancy complications. Metformin is not approved for this indication, and evidence for this practice is lacking. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that metformin, from first trimester to delivery, reduces pregnancy complications ...
Rossner Pavel P - - 2011
Oxidative damage to placental DNA can result in negative pregnancy outcomes, including intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and low birth weight (LBW). We investigated associations between the levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2´-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), a marker of oxidative DNA damage, in placental DNA, exposure to air pollutants during pregnancy, genetic polymorphisms in 94 selected ...
Kenny Louise C - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome that causes substantial maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The etiology is incompletely understood, and there is no clinically useful screening test. Current metabolomic technologies have allowed the establishment of metabolic signatures of preeclampsia in early pregnancy. Here, a 2-phase discovery/validation metabolic profiling study was ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between time of delivery and perinatal outcomes in singleton deliveries at Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all singleton deliveries at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation from 2002 through 2009 at our hospital. During ...
Mercè Fernández-Balsells M - - 2010
Context  Prenatal treatment with dexamethasone to prevent virilization in pregnancies at risk for classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) remains controversial. Objective  To conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses of studies that evaluated the effects of dexamethasone administration during pregnancies at risk for classical CAH because of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21A2). Data ...
Quansah Reginald - - 2010
The nursing profession has been associated with several adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, the associations between occupational exposures and adverse pregnancy outcomes among this group have not been systematically examined. This review collates all epidemiological evidence to examine the strength of associations and consistency among eligible studies. A computer search of ...
Ramos Élodie - - 2010
To measure the association between the class of antidepressant (AD) used according to trimester of exposure during pregnancy and infants born small for gestational age (SGA). A case-control study was performed using data from the Quebec Pregnancy Registry, which includes 152,107 pregnant women between January 1, 1998, and December 31, ...
Jang Timothy B - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the learning curve of emergency physician training in emergency bedside sonography (EBS) for first-trimester pregnancy complications. This was a prospective study at an urban academic emergency department from August 1999 through July 2006. Patients with first-trimester vaginal bleeding or pain underwent ...
Zanrosso Crisiane Wais - - 2010
Maternal exposure to dipyrone during pregnancy has been associated with risk of infant leukemia (IL). N-Acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) enzyme acetylates dipyrone, resulting in a detoxified metabolite. We performed genotyping to identify the distribution of NAT2 polymorphisms in duo samples from mothers and children previously investigated in a case-controlled study of ...
Sagnella Francesca - - 2011
To demonstrate the noninferiority of highly purified menotropin (HP-hMG) compared with recombinant FSH (rFSH) regarding clinical pregnancy rate (PR) in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. Prospective randomized noninferiority trial. Unit of physiopathology of human reproduction, university hospital. Five hundred twenty-three patients with unexplained infertility or mild male infertility undergoing controlled ovarian ...
Chan Ronna L RL Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435, USA. - - 2010
Earlier studies have shown an inverse association between the presence of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and spontaneous abortion (SAB), but no study to date has examined the effects of symptom duration on the risk of SAB. We examined NVP symptom severity and duration in relation to the occurrence ...
Deierlein Andrea L AL Department of Preventive Medicine, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2011
To determine whether pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence infant postnatal growth. Participants were from the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study, a prospective pregnancy cohort. Term infants with weight or length measurements at approximately 6 months were included (n = 363). Multivariable regression estimated associations ...
Melve Kari Klungsøyr - - 2010
Knowledge of stillbirth recurrence risk is of clinical interest and may give etiological insight. The authors studied "gestational age-" and "weight-by-gestation-specific" stillbirth recurrence, and evaluated time trends in a population-based cohort study from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, from 1967 to 2004. Singleton births, including stillbirths from 20 weeks' ...
Maslova Ekaterina - - 2010
The effect of caffeine intake during pregnancy on the risk of preterm delivery has been studied for the past 3 decades with inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis examining the association between caffeine consumption during pregnancy and risk of preterm birth. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE articles published between 1966 ...
Al-Farsi Yahya M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of parity on the occurrence of prediabetes defined as an abnormal fasting plasma glucose (5.6-6.9 mmol/l), an abnormal 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (7.7-11.1 mmol/l), or both, before 12 weeks gestation or at least 6 weeks after delivery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nested on ...
Ayoola Adejoke B - - 2010
To examine the relationship between newborn outcomes and late prenatal care initiation after recognition of pregnancy. Secondary data analysis of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS) data for the United States. Twenty-nine states. Women of childbearing age (135,623) who resided in 29 states in the PRAMS study who ...
Abeysena Chrishantha - - 2010
To determine the effect of maternal haemoglobin levels at booking visit on pregnancy outcome. A prospective study was carried out at two Medical Officer of Health areas in a district in Sri Lanka, including 817 pregnant mothers who were followed up until delivery. Maternal haemoglobin level was measured according to ...
Khan Khalid - - 2010
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are not licensed for use in pregnancy but are used without robust surveillance to treat hypertension in pregnancy and preterm labour. The objective of this study was to evaluate the fetomaternal safety of CCB in pregnancy by a quantitative systematic review. Medline (1996-2005), EMBASE (1996-2003), BIOSIS ...
Agarwal Meenal - - 2010
the role of apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms in the etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is not clearly understood. We evaluated this polymorphism in unexplained pregnancy losses among North Indian women. in a retrospective case–control study, 200 well-characterized RPL cases were examined for their APO-E genotypes based on restriction fragment ...
Ray Joel G - - 2010
The association between fetal exposure to major radiodiagnostic testing in pregnancy-computed tomography (CT) and radionuclide imaging-and the risk of childhood cancer is not established. We completed a population-based study of 1.8 million maternal-child pairs in the province of Ontario, from 1991 to 2008. We used Ontario's universal health care-linked administrative ...
Granata F - - 2010
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represent congenital anomalies of blood vessels composed of a nidus of anomalous arterial and venous vessels without a capillary network. We describe a case of bleeding cerebral AVM in a pregnant women at the second quarter of gestation and diagnosed by digital subtraction angiography showing a ...
Boyd Patricia Anne - - 2011
This study aims to assess prevalence and pregnancy outcome for sex chromosome trisomies (SCTs) diagnosed prenatally or in the first year of life. Data held by the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) database on SCT cases delivered 2000-2005 from 19 population-based registries in 11 European countries covering 2.5 million ...
Powe Camille E - - 2010
Previous studies report an association between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension, including the pregnancy-specific disorder preeclampsia. Circulating vitamin D is almost entirely bound to vitamin D binding protein, which increases 2-fold during pregnancy and previous studies have not examined vitamin D binding protein or free vitamin D levels. We performed ...
Rudin C - - 2011
There is an ongoing debate as to whether combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for prematurity in HIV-1-infected women. The aim of the study was to examine (1) crude effects of different ART regimens on prematurity, (2) the association between duration of cART and duration ...
Toniolo Paolo - - 2010
Full-term pregnancies are associated with long-term reductions in maternal risk of breast cancer, but the biological determinants of the protection are unknown. Experimental observations suggest that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a major hormone of pregnancy, could play a role in this association. A case-control study (242 cases and 450 controls) ...
Duzyj Christina M - - 2010
Preimplantation factor is a novel embryo-derived peptide that influences key processes in early pregnancy implantation, including immunity, adhesion, remodeling, and apoptosis. Herein, we explore the effects of synthetic preimplantation factor on trophoblast invasion. Invasion patterns of immortalized cultured HTR-8 trophoblast cells were analyzed through Matrigel extracellular matrix ± synthetic preimplantation ...
Odibo Anthony O - - 2011
Objective.?To derive coefficients for developing a customized growth chart for a Mid-Western US population, and to estimate the association between pregnancy outcomes and smallness for gestational age (SGA) defined by the customized growth chart compared with a population-based growth chart for the USA. Method.?A retrospective cohort study of an ultrasound ...
Teruel Carlos - - 2010
Immunomodulators are used as maintenance treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Data regarding their possible effects in the course of pregnancy when the father is exposed at the time of conception are limited. To evaluate the outcomes of pregnancies of which the fathers were exposed to thiopurines at the time ...
Skupski Daniel W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine preoperative predictive factors for donor and recipient death after laser ablation of placental vessels in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of North American Fetal Therapy Network center laser procedures, 2002-2009. Factors associated with donor and recipient death were identified by regression analysis. RESULTS: There were ...
Wang L-H - - 2010
This nationwide population-based study was carried out in Taiwan with the aim of comparing the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women who received zolpidem treatment for insomnia during pregnancy with that in women who did not. The adverse outcomes identified and assessed were delivery of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants, preterm ...
Autret-Leca Elisabeth - - 2010
In three previous studies, we have shown that pregnant women were still being exposed to isotretinoin and that compliance with recommendations was incomplete. The relaxation of these recommendations (summary of product characteristics 2004), combined with the release of generic brands, encouraged us to carry out a fourth study. To assess ...
Schwartz Nadav - - 2010
We sought to determine whether novel approaches to volumetric assessment of the early placenta can yield significant predictors of adverse outcome. We measured placental volume (PV) at 11 to 14 weeks using virtual organ computer-aided analysis and normalized the PV to the crown-rump length (CRL) to yield the placental quotient ...
Rao Shobha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In poor communities of the Third World, adolescent pregnancy outcomes are likely to be worse in view of the prevailing chronic undernutrition. AIM: The study examined the confounding effect of early life undernutrition on adolescent pregnancy outcome in rural India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective information on socio-economic, demographic and ...
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