Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1883
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Kozinszky Zoltan - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was an evaluation of the role of antepartum transabdominal amnioinfusion (APTA) in the management of severe idiopathic oligohydramnios with a view to improving the pregnancy outcome. Methods: The study comprised an analysis of 20 pregnant women with severe oligohydramnios who were treated with ...
Patel Sameer J - - 2012
: To describe health care providers' missed opportunities for preventing and treating congenital syphilis in New York City. : Review of congenital syphilis cases reported to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2009. Receipt and timing of prenatal care, ...
Cignini Pietro - - 2012
Thyroid diseases are common during pregnancy and an adequate treatment is important to prevent adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Subclinical diseases are very frequent but not easily recognized without specific screening programs. In this article we try to summarize the knowledge on the physiologic change of the thyroid and pathological ...
Chatterjee Siddhartha - - 2012
Probably, more has been written and less has been agreed upon, regarding the pathogenesis of the enigmatic disorder--endometriosis, which is the leading cause of disability in women of reproductive age group, resulting in infertility and pelvic pain. It is an accepted fact that the medical treatment of endometriosis does not ...
Koch Juliette - - 2012
Endometriosis is common in women with infertility but its management is controversial and varied. This article summarises the consensus developed by a group of Australasian subspecialists in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (the Australasian CREI Consensus Expert Panel on Trial evidence group) on the evidence concerning the management of endometriosis in ...
Wolff Erin F EF Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2012
To describe the clinical management of menorrhagia in a woman with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT). Case report. Large translation research hospital. A 26-year-old nulligravid woman with familial HPT-JT presented with life-long menorrhagia resistant to progesterone intrauterine device (IUD) therapy and a desire for fertility. Aromatase inhibitor therapy. Clinical response to ...
Tsui Kuan-Hao - - 2012
Clinical experience in the management of post-abortion hemorrhage is limited. Two women with severe post-abortion hemorrhage were reported. One case occurred after methotrexate treatment of Cesarean scar pregnancy and the other occurred after abortion surgery. Both patients were successfully treated with a double-balloon cervical ripening catheter inducing intrauterine balloon tamponade. ...
Lythgoe Jeanne - - 2012
As midwives we strive to provide woman centred holist care and acupuncture fits this paradigm well. It creates an opportunity for a woman to gain control, an alternative to the medical solutions. Studies on neurophysiology may explain why acupuncture has a calming effect. Midwives and obstetricians are well placed to ...
Pariyar J - - 2012
Background: Cancer during pregnancy is rare, occurring one in every 1,000 pregnancies. Cancer itself rarely harms the baby and some cancer treatments are safe during pregnancy. However, treatment dilemmas often occur. Methods: Descriptive study was conducted at B. P. Koirala memorial cancer hospital. Case records of women with cancer and ...
Phelan Sharon T - - 2012
Acute and chronic renal disease will complicate prenatal care. Normal physiological changes during pregnancy make the urinary tract system more vulnerable to infectious complications or worsening of preexisting disease. Much of the focus of prenatal care includes screening for these concerns both at the onset of prenatal care and through ...
Nikolaou Marinos - - 2012
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare life-threatening disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. It is caused by the absent or severe deficiency of the von Willebrand Factor-cleaving protease named ADAMTS13. Pregnancy is a well recognized factor precipitating the appearance of the disease both in women that had reduced ...
Osborn Daniel A - - 2012
A cesarean scar (ectopic) pregnancy occurs when a pregnancy implants on a cesarean scar. This condition is an uncommon but potentially devastating occurrence. The incidence is increasing as cesarean deliveries become more common. Early recognition of the salient sonographic findings is critical because a delay can lead to increased maternal ...
Peterson Caroline - - 2012
This case study reports on chiropractic care for pregnancy-related heartburn. The purpose of this article is to relate the benefit of chiropractic treatment for one individual, to contrast chiropractic management with the biomedical standard of care for pregnancy-related heartburn, and to point to potential epigenetic implications of the standard of ...
Kamath Mohan S - - 2012
The cause of infertility is unexplained in about 22-28% of all infertile couples. The prognosis for spontaneous pregnancy in such couples is better than in those with diagnosed causes of infertility. Traditional treatment options in this group have included expectant management, clomifene citrate, intrauterine insemination with (super ovulation plus intrauterine ...
Kochhar Puneet Kaur - - 2012
Aim:  Iron deficiency is a leading cause of anemia in pregnancy. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of oral and intravenous iron therapy in improving iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy and restoring iron stores, compare the obstetric outcome in the two groups and evaluate the safety of intravenous ...
Spaggiari Emmanuel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study pregnancy outcomes and fetal renal prognosis markers in cases of exposure to renin-angiotensin system blockers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of a series of 21 patients exposed to blockers of the renin-angiotensin system during pregnancy. Two markers were prenatally studied, fetal serum β2-microglobulin and amniotic fluid ...
Stanhope Todd J - - 2012
SLE is a multi-organ autoimmune disease that affects women of childbearing age. Renal involvement in the form of either active lupus nephritis (LN) at the time of conception, or a LN new onset or flare during pregnancy increases the risks of preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia, maternal mortality, fetal/neonatal demise, and intrauterine ...
Odutayo Ayodele - - 2012
Glomerular hyperfiltration, altered tubular function, and shifts in electrolyte-fluid balance are among the hallmark renal physiologic changes that characterize a healthy pregnancy. These adjustments are not only critical to maternal and fetal well being, but also provide the clinical context for identifying gestational aberrations in renal function and electrolyte composition. ...
Bramham K - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) commonly affects women of child bearing-age, and advances in treatment have resulted in an increasing number of women with renal involvement becoming pregnant. Knowledge of the relationship of the condition with respect to fertility and pregnancy is important for all clinicians involved in the care of ...
Stephenson Matthew A - - 2012
Pregnancy is known to increase the risk of aneurysm formation, likely by a combination of histological changes in vessel walls associated with the hormones of pregnancy and the haemodynamic changes to the circulation. To our knowledge this is the first case of a pregnant woman with a brachial-cephalic arterio-venous fistula ...
Forehan Simon - - 2012
Background Thyroid hormone plays a critical role in fetal development. In pregnancy, increased thyroid hormone synthesis is required to meet fetal needs, resulting in increased iodine requirements. Objective This article outlines changes to thyroid physiology and iodine requirements in pregnancy, pregnancy specific reference ranges for thyroid function tests and detection ...
Yang Yu-Guang - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an emerging technique for the treatment of genital human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced benign and premalignant lesions. We report here in a case series of condyloma acuminata (CA) in pregnancy successfully treated with ALA-PDT. Five pregnant patients with CA received three to four times ...
Masuyama Hisashi - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate whether pregnant women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) adapt poorly to increases in renal blood flow. This can exacerbate renal function and impair perinatal outcome, as there is a major interplay between CKD and preeclampsia (PE). Methods: We analyzed the outcomes of 90 pregnant women with preexisting ...
Magann Everett F EF Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas for the Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham Street, Slot # 518, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2012
To determine maternal fetal medicine (MFM) referral trends in a Medicaid population over time. Sixteen clinical guidelines and 23 clinical conditions were identified where co-management/consultation with MFM specialist is recommended. Linked Medicaid claims and birth certificate data for 2001-2006 were used to identify pregnancies with these conditions and whether they ...
Scholte Johannes B J - - 2012
Context:We report on a case of nondiabetic ketoacidosis due to mild starvation in a third term twin pregnancy.Objective:The aim was to present a case report and review of the literature in nondiabetic ketoacidosis in pregnancy, including precipitating factors and underlying pathophysiology.Design:The case report includes collation of earlier data and literature ...
Chang Justine - - 2012
Pregnancy leads to diverse physiologic changes to accommodate the demands of the developing fetoplacental unit, which affect many major organ systems. Understanding these physiologic adaptations to pregnancy is important for all clinicians because they have important implications for the diagnosis and management of various disorders. This article provides a brief ...
Lipscomb Gary H - - 2012
The use of medical management of ectopic pregnancy has become an accepted alternative to surgical therapy. Methotrexate, a folic acid antagonist, is the most widely studied agent. The most commonly used protocol consists of methotrexate 50 mg/m of actual body weight. Assessment of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels is repeated ...
Chaudhary A K - - 2012
To determine if community-based, low-cost interventions during third trimester of pregnancy can reduce the incidence of low birth weight babies. In a case control study, 290 pregnant women from a slum area were registered in the beginning of third trimester of pregnancy and provided full antenatal care comprising fortnightly check ...
Hadar Eran - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish a nomogram for renal parenchymal thickness throughout pregnancy. METHODS: One-hundred and twenty-eight healthy women with singleton, well-dated, uncomplicated second- or third-trimester pregnancies were prospectively evaluated for renal parenchymal thickness on routine ultrasound scans. The renal parenchyma was measured in transverse and ...
Bramham Kate - - 2012
Pre-pregnancy counseling should be available for all women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) so that conception occurs at the right time in the course of their disease and while they are on the right medications, with the aims of minimizing risks for both mother and fetus. Key areas to consider ...
Gallo Linda A - - 2012
Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with increased risk of adult cardiorenal diseases. Small birth weight females are more likely to experience complications during their own pregnancy, including pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. We determined whether the physiological demand of pregnancy predisposes growth-restricted females to cardiovascular and renal dysfunction later ...
Mazzuca Marc Q - - 2012
Intrauterine growth restriction is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We have previously shown that intrauterine growth restriction caused by uteroplacental insufficiency programmes uterine vascular dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness in adult female rat offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate vascular adaptations in growth restricted ...
Zafar Hanna M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Routine use of ultrasound (US) in antenatal screening has increased over the past decade among both low- and high-risk pregnancies. Recognition of common US imaging pitfalls and artifacts associated with frequently encountered fetal anomalies on obstetric US is imperative to avoid misdiagnosis. The purpose of this article is to ...
Schwartz Idit F - - 2012
Pregnancy worsens renal function in females with renal failure (CRF) through an unknown mechanism. Reduced nitric oxide (NO) generation induces renal injury. Arginine transport by cationic amino acid transporter-1 (CAT-1), which governs endothelial NO generation, is reduced in both renal failure and pregnancy. We hypothesize that attenuated maternal glomerular arginine ...
Booth Lindsea C - - 2012
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is an important mediator of fetal adaptation to life threatening in utero challenges, such as asphyxia. Although the SNS is active well before term, SNS responses mature significantly over the last third of gestation, and its functional contribution to adaptation to asphyxia over this critical ...
Patil Madhuri - - 2012
Early pregnancy complications are more common in women who conceive after infertility treatment. Most of these occur before 12 weeks of gestation and include miscarriage, vaginal bleeding, intrauterine hematoma, vanishing twin, and ectopic pregnancy (EP). The incidence of EPs following infertility treatment is much higher compared with that in spontaneous ...
Mukherjee Shiuli - - 2012
Letrozole, a selective aromatase inhibitor, reduces the total dose of gonadotrophin required for inducing follicular maturation. We evaluated if incorporation of letrozole could be an effective alternative for low-cost in vitro fertilization (IVF) protocol particularly in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles where male factor infertility is the sole indication for ...
Dogan Erbil E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dokuz Eylul University, School of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2012
Acute appendicitis with appendicial endometriosis is a very infrequently encountered condition during pregnancy. Decidualization is the hypertrophy of endometrial stromal cells by the effect of progesterone. Similarly, in pregnancy, ectopic stromal endometrial cells in endometriosis can also be transformed by the same mechanism and ectopic decidua (deciduosis) may occur. Here ...
Ludwig Kathrin - - 2012
Triploidy occurs in about 1 to 3% of clinically recognizable pregnancies and is typically associated with growth restriction, craniofacial dysmorphisms and congenital anomalies. We report the case of a female fetus with prenatal diagnosis of complete triploidy, polysplenia, bilateral cleft-palate, horseshoe-kidneys and bilateral club-feet. Whereas bilateral cleft-palate, horseshoe-kidneys and bilateral ...
Gurrieri Carmelina - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the characteristics of women who have kidney injury during pregnancy. METHODS: Medical records of all women who gave birth at our institution between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2010, were retrospectively reviewed electronically. We identified those who incurred a kidney injury [defined by modified Acute Kidney ...
Gallo Linda A - - 2012
Adverse exposures in utero have long been linked with an increased susceptibility to adult cardio-renal and metabolic diseases. Clear gender differences exist, whereby growth-restricted females, although exhibiting some phenotypic modifications, are often protected from overt disease outcomes. One of the greatest physiological challenges facing the female gender, however, is that ...
Torres Rita - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Renal oncocytoma accounts for 5-7% of primary renal neoplasms. It is usually diagnosed in asymptomatic patients and is characterized by a benign behavior without invasion of adjacent tissues or metastasis. Diagnosis during pregnancy is uncommon and to date there have been only a few cases reported in the literature. ...
Kato M - - 2012
Neither pregnancy nor birth is easy in female patients with chronic renal failure, but after kidney transplantation, childbirth is possible when the graft function is good. There are few guidelines for pregnancy permission and multiple reports of decreased transplanted kidney function after pregnancy. In this study, we analyzed factors that ...
Michieli M - - 2012
Antiblastic treatment of hematological malignancies during pregnancy poses a number of issues related to the curability of the maternal disease, the need of a prompt treatment and the potential toxicity of chemotherapy for the fetus. Here we report the results of a systematic literature search about the management of the ...
Giannantonio Carmen - - 2012
Twin pregnancies are considered at a higher risk for fetal mortality than singleton pregnancies. The antenatal death of one of the twins is associated with an increasing rate of cerebral impairment and lesions in other organs in the surviving fetus, especially if the pregnancy is monochorionic. We describe a case ...
Crovetto Francesca - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy in women with Alport syndrome (AS), as only four cases have been reported in the literature. We herein describe the course of pregnancy in two sisters with overt forms of AS. CASES: Both women were diagnosed as having autosomal recessive AS. Before pregnancy, their ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2012
Ergotamine, an ergot alkaloid, used for the treatment and prevention of migraine attacks, is considered as a teratogenic drug and, therefore, should be avoided in pregnancy. Here, we report a newborn infant with unilateral renal agenesis, urethral atresia, and pulmonary hypoplasia associated with the use of ergotamine for the treatment ...
Hansen Kristian Schultz KS Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, - - 2012
Pregnant women and their unborn children are vulnerable to malaria, increasing the risk of maternal anaemia, low birthweight (LBW) and intrauterine growth retardation. There is little evidence on the cost-effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) and insecticide-treated bednets (ITN) in areas of low transmission. A randomised controlled trial ...
Tomsin Kathleen - - 2012
Uncomplicated pregnancies (n = 16) were evaluated longitudinally and compared to early- (n = 12) and late-onset (n = 14) preeclampsia patients, assessed once at diagnosis. Pulse transit time (PTT), equivalent to pulse wave velocity, was measured as the time interval between corresponding characteristics of electrocardiography and Doppler waves, corrected ...
Phadke Varsha - - 2012
The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as indomethacin, ibuprofen, and nimesulide, during pregnancy has been reported to cause nephrotoxicity in the fetus. However, neonatal renal failure following antenatal exposure to diclofenac has not been reported in the literature. We report three cases of neonatal renal failure, including a pair ...
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