Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1865
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Ishii Akira - - 2013
There is an increased risk of stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium. Decisions should be made immediately upon transfer to each institution, particularly with respect to when and how to treat the patient. This review highlights the feasibility of endovascular treatment in pregnancy. Most of the pharmaceutical agents and therapeutic ...
Nekuei Nafisehsadat - - 2013
With regard to the importance of preconception conditions in maternal health and fertility, preconception risk assessment makes treatment trends and pregnancy outcome more successful among infertile couples. This study has tried to investigate preconception risk assessment in infertile couples. This is a descriptive analytical survey conducted on 268 subjects, selected ...
Chakraborty Pratip - - 2013
The management of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) still remains a great challenge, and women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are at a greater risk for spontaneous abortion. Treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has become an accepted treatment option for women with RPL; however, the subgroup of women, who are likely ...
Check J H - - 2013
To evaluate the empirical use of progesterone (P) in the luteal phase for unexplained infertility. Clinical and live-delivered pregnancy rates in three treatment cycles were compared in women with unexplained infertility vs women taking follicle maturing drugs for women completely anovulatory or those who release the oocyte before the follicle ...
Huang L L - - 2013
The authors present a case of a 29-year-old woman, gravid 2 para 1, who experienced complete placenta previa and underwent vaginal delivery, after performing antepartum uterine artery embolization and rivanol amniotic injection due to contraindication of obstetric surgery. In this case, treatment was successful despite thromboembolism. Hypercoagulability in pregnancy needs ...
Thomas Christine M CM Cambridge, - - 2013
To calculate the cost of an unintended pregnancy in 2011 and use this cost in a cost-effectiveness model comparing ulipristal acetate (UPA) with levonorgestrel (LNG) for emergency hormonal contraception (EHC). Retrospective analysis of published data sources and published cost-effectiveness model. Women presenting in primary care in England for EHC within ...
Rojas Christine C Wright State University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 128 Apple Street, Suite 3800 Weber CHE, Dayton, OH 45409, - - 2013
•Definitive treatment of cervical cancer in pregnancy poses a dilemma for patients desiring to continue gestation.•Robotic surgical staging of cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy is feasible.•Robotic surgical staging improves the prognostic assessment for pregnant patients when making a decision between immediate versus delayed treatment.
Skubisz Monika M Translational Obstetrics Group, University of Melbourne, Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia. - - 2013
The current measure of treatment efficacy of single-dose methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy, is a fall in serum hCG of ≥15% between days 4-7 of treatment, which has a positive predictive value of 93% for treatment success. Two small studies have proposed a fall in serum hCG between days 0-4 after ...
Aflatoonian Nastaran N Madar Hospital, Yazd, - - 2013
Background: Repeated implantation failure (RIF) is defined as pregnancy failure after two to six times with at least ten high grade embryo transfer to uterus. A variety of causes have been anticipated for RIF, including anatomical, autoimmune, genetics, endocrine and thrombotic anomalies. Factors responsible for RIF have important implication regarding ...
Schmidt K T - - 2012
This questionnaire study describes the fertility and ovarian function in 143 adult female cancer survivors with only one ovary due to cryopreservation of the other. The women were asked about their ovarian function (as defined by the presence of a spontaneous menstrual cycle), pregnancies and their outcome. The mean follow-up ...
Ford Jane B - - 2012
We investigated characteristics, causes and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in a random sample of 294 women's first and second pregnancies involving at least one PPH. Among 588 pregnancies, PPH affected 169 first pregnancies, 105 second pregnancies only and recurrent PPH affected 48 pregnancies. In 34% of PPHs, atony was the ...
Shainker Scott A - - 2012
The purpose of this review is to discuss the incidence, risks, pregnancy complications, and maintenance options for treatment of opioid addiction in pregnancy. Summary: Opioid dependence in pregnancy carries clear identifiable maternal and fetal risk. Providing care for patients with dependence is best done in a multidisciplinary care model addressing ...
Talwar Pankaj P Senior Advisor (Obstetrics & Gynaecology), INHS Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai, - - 2013
Medical management of an unruptured ectopic pregnancy with intramuscular methotrexate is a common and cost-effective alternative to surgery. Early diagnosis and timely institution of methotrexate has resulted in a dramatic decline in the morbidity, mortality and financial burden associated with ectopic pregnancy. The objective of our study was to evaluate ...
Willets Amy E - - 2012
Male infertility is a relatively common condition caused by low sperm production, immobile sperm, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. This condition can be caused by a variety of illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices, other factors, or idiopathic, in which abnormal semen parameters occur without an ...
Quaas Alexander M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current availability of donor cryopreserved oocytes and to describe the emerging phenomenon of commercial egg banks (CEBs) in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of CEBs. SETTING: E-mail, telephone, and fax survey of all CEB scientific directors, conducted April 2012. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Karipcin Fethiye Sinem - - 2012
There are limited data on the use of steroids and antibiotics in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Our aim was to evaluate the impact of these treatments on the outcome of IVF cycles in which Assisted Hatching (AH) was performed. We studied a retrospective cohort in a large university-affiliated infertility centre. ...
Minig L - - 2012
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) during pregnancy is a rare condition. The diagnosis and treatment strategies are therefore not well defined. The evidence is scarce and limited to small case reports or case series. In this review we describe the safety, utility and limitations of each diagnostic tool and surgical procedure ...
Han Sileny N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate physicians' attitudes and knowledge regarding the treatment possibilities for patients with cancer in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A 30-item questionnaire was mailed electronically to physicians across Europe, who were potentially involved in care of pregnant patients and/or cancer, using the membership directories of different professional societies. RESULTS: 142 ...
Tyler Kelly H KH Division of Dermatology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. - - 2013
Dermatologists should be familiar with medication safety in pregnancy to be able to prescribe safely and confidently to pregnant women or women who may become pregnant during the course of treatment for dermatologic conditions. Topical medications should be considered first-line therapy for pregnant women, but certain systemic medications are safe ...
Pasha Hajar - - 2012
Approximately 80 percent of pregnant women suffer by some degree of nausea and vomiting. But the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is rarely successful. The aim of this study was evaluation the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that its treatment in some recent research ...
Deak Teresa M - - 2012
Hypertension in pregnancy is increasing in prevalence and incidence and its treatment becoming more commonplace. Associated complications of pregnancy, including end-organ damage, preeclampsia, eclampsia, and postpartum eclampsia, are leading sources of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, requiring an emergency physician to become proficient with their identification and treatment. This ...
Di Renzo Gian Carlo - - 2012
Progesterone is an essential hormone in the process of reproduction. It has been extensively studied in the treatment of different gynecological pathologies, as a contraceptive and in assisted reproductive technologies. However, the use of progesterone in the pathophysiology of pregnancy remains controversial. Progesterone, and its synthetic form 17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate ...
Cleary Jane - - 2012
&#160;The aim of this study was to examine the monetary cost of dietary change among pregnant women before and after receiving low glycaemic index (GI) dietary advice. The pregnant women in this study were a subgroup of participants in the Pregnancy and Glycaemic Index Outcomes (PREGGIO) study. Twenty women from ...
Unger Holger W HW Specialist Trainee in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East of Scotland Rotation, - - 2013
Health care costs are one of the greatest challenges in modern medicine. In gynaecology, diagnosing and excluding ectopic pregnancy (EP) has been shown to be a financial burden to health services because it commonly requires multiple investigations and hospital visits. However, the full economic costs are not captured by an ...
Poole Aaron - - 2012
Objective: To define abdominal ectopic pregnancy outcomes by both location and treatment. Methods: Literature review of abdominal pregnancies from 1965 to August of 2009. Ectopic pregnancy exclusions were interstitial, tubal, cervical, ovarian, or those beyond 20 weeks at diagnosis/treatment. Results: There were 511 cases identified with 225 meeting the inclusion ...
Dostal M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is related to parity, and its symptoms may worsen during pregnancy. Treatment with levodopa or dopamine agonists is the first-line therapy for RLS; however, there are limited data on treatment in pregnancy. We therefore assessed the safety of levodopa, pramipexole, rotigotine, and ropinirole in pregnancy. ...
Witek Przemyslaw - - 2012
Prolactinoma is the most common secreting pituitary adenoma. It is typically diagnosed in women of reproductive age and is common cause of infertility. Currently the treatment of choice is pharmacotherapy with dopamine agonists, whereas surgical treatment is reserved for a selected group of patients. Pituitary-tumor apoplexy is a rare, life-threatening ...
Xiao Jing - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of traditional treatment (prednisone and aspirin) and comprehensive treatment [prednisone, aspirin, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and IVIg] on the pregnancy outcome, obstetric complications and fetal outcome in women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). In the present trial, we observed and ...
Maher Nicola - - 2012
Abstract In this centre women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are treated without rescreening from early pregnancy in any subsequent pregnancies, commencing with a low glycaemic diet and insulin if and when indicated. The objective of this study was to see if this practice reduced the incidence of ...
Patel Jp - - 2012
Background: Non adherence to prescribed medication represents a significant factor associated with treatment failure. Pregnant women identified at risk of venous thromboembolism are increasingly being prescribed low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) during pregnancy and the puerperium. It is important to understand women's views and adherence to LMWH during pregnancy and ...
Bayer Lisa L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a novel form of emergency contraception (EC) that appears to be more effective than the prevailing method, single-dose levonorgestrel (LNG). This study examines the cost-efficacy of UPA compared with LNG. STUDY DESIGN: A decision-analytic model was developed to compare the cost-effectiveness of UPA versus LNG ...
Peipert Jeffrey F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To promote the use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods (intrauterine devices [IUDs] and implants) and provide contraception at no cost to a large cohort of participants in an effort to reduce unintended pregnancies in our region. METHODS:: We enrolled 9,256 adolescents and women at risk for unintended pregnancy ...
Tak Tahir - - 2012
A 25-year-old pregnant woman was admitted with frequent episodes of supraventricular tachycardia associated with Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome. She was treated acutely with adenosine therapy during induction of labor and post-partum. Generally, pharmacologic treatment should be undertaken only for symptomatic arrhythmias or in hemodynamically compromised patients. Adenosine is the first choice for ...
Kozinszky Zoltan - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was an evaluation of the role of antepartum transabdominal amnioinfusion (APTA) in the management of severe idiopathic oligohydramnios with a view to improving the pregnancy outcome. Methods: The study comprised an analysis of 20 pregnant women with severe oligohydramnios who were treated with ...
Patel Sameer J - - 2012
: To describe health care providers' missed opportunities for preventing and treating congenital syphilis in New York City. : Review of congenital syphilis cases reported to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2009. Receipt and timing of prenatal care, ...
Cignini Pietro - - 2012
Thyroid diseases are common during pregnancy and an adequate treatment is important to prevent adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Subclinical diseases are very frequent but not easily recognized without specific screening programs. In this article we try to summarize the knowledge on the physiologic change of the thyroid and pathological ...
Chatterjee Siddhartha - - 2012
Probably, more has been written and less has been agreed upon, regarding the pathogenesis of the enigmatic disorder--endometriosis, which is the leading cause of disability in women of reproductive age group, resulting in infertility and pelvic pain. It is an accepted fact that the medical treatment of endometriosis does not ...
Koch Juliette - - 2012
Endometriosis is common in women with infertility but its management is controversial and varied. This article summarises the consensus developed by a group of Australasian subspecialists in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (the Australasian CREI Consensus Expert Panel on Trial evidence group) on the evidence concerning the management of endometriosis in ...
Wolff Erin F EF Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2012
To describe the clinical management of menorrhagia in a woman with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT). Case report. Large translation research hospital. A 26-year-old nulligravid woman with familial HPT-JT presented with life-long menorrhagia resistant to progesterone intrauterine device (IUD) therapy and a desire for fertility. Aromatase inhibitor therapy. Clinical response to ...
Tsui Kuan-Hao - - 2012
Clinical experience in the management of post-abortion hemorrhage is limited. Two women with severe post-abortion hemorrhage were reported. One case occurred after methotrexate treatment of Cesarean scar pregnancy and the other occurred after abortion surgery. Both patients were successfully treated with a double-balloon cervical ripening catheter inducing intrauterine balloon tamponade. ...
Lythgoe Jeanne - - 2012
As midwives we strive to provide woman centred holist care and acupuncture fits this paradigm well. It creates an opportunity for a woman to gain control, an alternative to the medical solutions. Studies on neurophysiology may explain why acupuncture has a calming effect. Midwives and obstetricians are well placed to ...
Pariyar J - - 2012
Background: Cancer during pregnancy is rare, occurring one in every 1,000 pregnancies. Cancer itself rarely harms the baby and some cancer treatments are safe during pregnancy. However, treatment dilemmas often occur. Methods: Descriptive study was conducted at B. P. Koirala memorial cancer hospital. Case records of women with cancer and ...
Phelan Sharon T - - 2012
Acute and chronic renal disease will complicate prenatal care. Normal physiological changes during pregnancy make the urinary tract system more vulnerable to infectious complications or worsening of preexisting disease. Much of the focus of prenatal care includes screening for these concerns both at the onset of prenatal care and through ...
Nikolaou Marinos - - 2012
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare life-threatening disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. It is caused by the absent or severe deficiency of the von Willebrand Factor-cleaving protease named ADAMTS13. Pregnancy is a well recognized factor precipitating the appearance of the disease both in women that had reduced ...
Osborn Daniel A - - 2012
A cesarean scar (ectopic) pregnancy occurs when a pregnancy implants on a cesarean scar. This condition is an uncommon but potentially devastating occurrence. The incidence is increasing as cesarean deliveries become more common. Early recognition of the salient sonographic findings is critical because a delay can lead to increased maternal ...
Peterson Caroline - - 2012
This case study reports on chiropractic care for pregnancy-related heartburn. The purpose of this article is to relate the benefit of chiropractic treatment for one individual, to contrast chiropractic management with the biomedical standard of care for pregnancy-related heartburn, and to point to potential epigenetic implications of the standard of ...
Kamath Mohan S - - 2012
The cause of infertility is unexplained in about 22-28% of all infertile couples. The prognosis for spontaneous pregnancy in such couples is better than in those with diagnosed causes of infertility. Traditional treatment options in this group have included expectant management, clomifene citrate, intrauterine insemination with (super ovulation plus intrauterine ...
Kochhar Puneet Kaur - - 2012
Aim:  Iron deficiency is a leading cause of anemia in pregnancy. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of oral and intravenous iron therapy in improving iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy and restoring iron stores, compare the obstetric outcome in the two groups and evaluate the safety of intravenous ...
Spaggiari Emmanuel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study pregnancy outcomes and fetal renal prognosis markers in cases of exposure to renin-angiotensin system blockers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of a series of 21 patients exposed to blockers of the renin-angiotensin system during pregnancy. Two markers were prenatally studied, fetal serum β2-microglobulin and amniotic fluid ...
Stanhope Todd J - - 2012
SLE is a multi-organ autoimmune disease that affects women of childbearing age. Renal involvement in the form of either active lupus nephritis (LN) at the time of conception, or a LN new onset or flare during pregnancy increases the risks of preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia, maternal mortality, fetal/neonatal demise, and intrauterine ...
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