Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1799
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Quaas Alexander M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current availability of donor cryopreserved oocytes and to describe the emerging phenomenon of commercial egg banks (CEBs) in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of CEBs. SETTING: E-mail, telephone, and fax survey of all CEB scientific directors, conducted April 2012. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Karipcin Fethiye Sinem - - 2012
There are limited data on the use of steroids and antibiotics in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Our aim was to evaluate the impact of these treatments on the outcome of IVF cycles in which Assisted Hatching (AH) was performed. We studied a retrospective cohort in a large university-affiliated infertility centre. ...
Minig L - - 2012
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) during pregnancy is a rare condition. The diagnosis and treatment strategies are therefore not well defined. The evidence is scarce and limited to small case reports or case series. In this review we describe the safety, utility and limitations of each diagnostic tool and surgical procedure ...
Tyler Kelly H - - 2012
Dermatologists should be familiar with medication safety in pregnancy to be able to prescribe safely and confidently to pregnant women or women who may become pregnant during the course of treatment for dermatologic conditions. Topical medications should be considered first-line therapy for pregnant women, but certain systemic medications are safe ...
Han Sileny N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate physicians' attitudes and knowledge regarding the treatment possibilities for patients with cancer in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A 30-item questionnaire was mailed electronically to physicians across Europe, who were potentially involved in care of pregnant patients and/or cancer, using the membership directories of different professional societies. RESULTS: 142 ...
Pasha Hajar - - 2012
Approximately 80 percent of pregnant women suffer by some degree of nausea and vomiting. But the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is rarely successful. The aim of this study was evaluation the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that its treatment in some recent research ...
Deak Teresa M - - 2012
Hypertension in pregnancy is increasing in prevalence and incidence and its treatment becoming more commonplace. Associated complications of pregnancy, including end-organ damage, preeclampsia, eclampsia, and postpartum eclampsia, are leading sources of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, requiring an emergency physician to become proficient with their identification and treatment. This ...
Di Renzo Gian Carlo - - 2012
Progesterone is an essential hormone in the process of reproduction. It has been extensively studied in the treatment of different gynecological pathologies, as a contraceptive and in assisted reproductive technologies. However, the use of progesterone in the pathophysiology of pregnancy remains controversial. Progesterone, and its synthetic form 17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate ...
Cleary Jane - - 2012
&#160;The aim of this study was to examine the monetary cost of dietary change among pregnant women before and after receiving low glycaemic index (GI) dietary advice. The pregnant women in this study were a subgroup of participants in the Pregnancy and Glycaemic Index Outcomes (PREGGIO) study. Twenty women from ...
Unger Holger W HW Specialist Trainee in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East of Scotland Rotation, - - 2013
Health care costs are one of the greatest challenges in modern medicine. In gynaecology, diagnosing and excluding ectopic pregnancy (EP) has been shown to be a financial burden to health services because it commonly requires multiple investigations and hospital visits. However, the full economic costs are not captured by an ...
Poole Aaron - - 2012
Objective: To define abdominal ectopic pregnancy outcomes by both location and treatment. Methods: Literature review of abdominal pregnancies from 1965 to August of 2009. Ectopic pregnancy exclusions were interstitial, tubal, cervical, ovarian, or those beyond 20 weeks at diagnosis/treatment. Results: There were 511 cases identified with 225 meeting the inclusion ...
Dostal M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is related to parity, and its symptoms may worsen during pregnancy. Treatment with levodopa or dopamine agonists is the first-line therapy for RLS; however, there are limited data on treatment in pregnancy. We therefore assessed the safety of levodopa, pramipexole, rotigotine, and ropinirole in pregnancy. ...
Witek Przemyslaw - - 2012
Prolactinoma is the most common secreting pituitary adenoma. It is typically diagnosed in women of reproductive age and is common cause of infertility. Currently the treatment of choice is pharmacotherapy with dopamine agonists, whereas surgical treatment is reserved for a selected group of patients. Pituitary-tumor apoplexy is a rare, life-threatening ...
Zhang Shun - - 2012
To explore racial-ethnic disparities in adverse pregnancy outcomes among Medicaid recipients, and to estimate excess Medicaid costs associated with the disparities. Cross-sectional study of adverse pregnancy outcomes and Medicaid payments using data from Medicaid Analytic eXtract files on all Medicaid enrollees in fourteen southern states. Compared to other racial and ...
Xiao Jing - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of traditional treatment (prednisone and aspirin) and comprehensive treatment [prednisone, aspirin, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and IVIg] on the pregnancy outcome, obstetric complications and fetal outcome in women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). In the present trial, we observed and ...
Maher Nicola - - 2012
Abstract In this centre women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are treated without rescreening from early pregnancy in any subsequent pregnancies, commencing with a low glycaemic diet and insulin if and when indicated. The objective of this study was to see if this practice reduced the incidence of ...
Patel Jp - - 2012
Background: Non adherence to prescribed medication represents a significant factor associated with treatment failure. Pregnant women identified at risk of venous thromboembolism are increasingly being prescribed low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) during pregnancy and the puerperium. It is important to understand women's views and adherence to LMWH during pregnancy and ...
Bayer Lisa L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a novel form of emergency contraception (EC) that appears to be more effective than the prevailing method, single-dose levonorgestrel (LNG). This study examines the cost-efficacy of UPA compared with LNG. STUDY DESIGN: A decision-analytic model was developed to compare the cost-effectiveness of UPA versus LNG ...
Peipert Jeffrey F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To promote the use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods (intrauterine devices [IUDs] and implants) and provide contraception at no cost to a large cohort of participants in an effort to reduce unintended pregnancies in our region. METHODS:: We enrolled 9,256 adolescents and women at risk for unintended pregnancy ...
Tak Tahir - - 2012
A 25-year-old pregnant woman was admitted with frequent episodes of supraventricular tachycardia associated with Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome. She was treated acutely with adenosine therapy during induction of labor and post-partum. Generally, pharmacologic treatment should be undertaken only for symptomatic arrhythmias or in hemodynamically compromised patients. Adenosine is the first choice for ...
Kozinszky Zoltan - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was an evaluation of the role of antepartum transabdominal amnioinfusion (APTA) in the management of severe idiopathic oligohydramnios with a view to improving the pregnancy outcome. Methods: The study comprised an analysis of 20 pregnant women with severe oligohydramnios who were treated with ...
Patel Sameer J - - 2012
: To describe health care providers' missed opportunities for preventing and treating congenital syphilis in New York City. : Review of congenital syphilis cases reported to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2009. Receipt and timing of prenatal care, ...
Cignini Pietro - - 2012
Thyroid diseases are common during pregnancy and an adequate treatment is important to prevent adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Subclinical diseases are very frequent but not easily recognized without specific screening programs. In this article we try to summarize the knowledge on the physiologic change of the thyroid and pathological ...
Chatterjee Siddhartha - - 2012
Probably, more has been written and less has been agreed upon, regarding the pathogenesis of the enigmatic disorder--endometriosis, which is the leading cause of disability in women of reproductive age group, resulting in infertility and pelvic pain. It is an accepted fact that the medical treatment of endometriosis does not ...
Koch Juliette - - 2012
Endometriosis is common in women with infertility but its management is controversial and varied. This article summarises the consensus developed by a group of Australasian subspecialists in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (the Australasian CREI Consensus Expert Panel on Trial evidence group) on the evidence concerning the management of endometriosis in ...
Wolff Erin F EF Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2012
To describe the clinical management of menorrhagia in a woman with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT). Case report. Large translation research hospital. A 26-year-old nulligravid woman with familial HPT-JT presented with life-long menorrhagia resistant to progesterone intrauterine device (IUD) therapy and a desire for fertility. Aromatase inhibitor therapy. Clinical response to ...
Tsui Kuan-Hao - - 2012
Clinical experience in the management of post-abortion hemorrhage is limited. Two women with severe post-abortion hemorrhage were reported. One case occurred after methotrexate treatment of Cesarean scar pregnancy and the other occurred after abortion surgery. Both patients were successfully treated with a double-balloon cervical ripening catheter inducing intrauterine balloon tamponade. ...
Lythgoe Jeanne - - 2012
As midwives we strive to provide woman centred holist care and acupuncture fits this paradigm well. It creates an opportunity for a woman to gain control, an alternative to the medical solutions. Studies on neurophysiology may explain why acupuncture has a calming effect. Midwives and obstetricians are well placed to ...
Pariyar J - - 2012
Background: Cancer during pregnancy is rare, occurring one in every 1,000 pregnancies. Cancer itself rarely harms the baby and some cancer treatments are safe during pregnancy. However, treatment dilemmas often occur. Methods: Descriptive study was conducted at B. P. Koirala memorial cancer hospital. Case records of women with cancer and ...
Phelan Sharon T - - 2012
Acute and chronic renal disease will complicate prenatal care. Normal physiological changes during pregnancy make the urinary tract system more vulnerable to infectious complications or worsening of preexisting disease. Much of the focus of prenatal care includes screening for these concerns both at the onset of prenatal care and through ...
Nikolaou Marinos - - 2012
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare life-threatening disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. It is caused by the absent or severe deficiency of the von Willebrand Factor-cleaving protease named ADAMTS13. Pregnancy is a well recognized factor precipitating the appearance of the disease both in women that had reduced ...
Osborn Daniel A - - 2012
A cesarean scar (ectopic) pregnancy occurs when a pregnancy implants on a cesarean scar. This condition is an uncommon but potentially devastating occurrence. The incidence is increasing as cesarean deliveries become more common. Early recognition of the salient sonographic findings is critical because a delay can lead to increased maternal ...
Peterson Caroline - - 2012
This case study reports on chiropractic care for pregnancy-related heartburn. The purpose of this article is to relate the benefit of chiropractic treatment for one individual, to contrast chiropractic management with the biomedical standard of care for pregnancy-related heartburn, and to point to potential epigenetic implications of the standard of ...
Kamath Mohan S - - 2012
The cause of infertility is unexplained in about 22-28% of all infertile couples. The prognosis for spontaneous pregnancy in such couples is better than in those with diagnosed causes of infertility. Traditional treatment options in this group have included expectant management, clomifene citrate, intrauterine insemination with (super ovulation plus intrauterine ...
Kochhar Puneet Kaur - - 2012
Aim:  Iron deficiency is a leading cause of anemia in pregnancy. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of oral and intravenous iron therapy in improving iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy and restoring iron stores, compare the obstetric outcome in the two groups and evaluate the safety of intravenous ...
Spaggiari Emmanuel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study pregnancy outcomes and fetal renal prognosis markers in cases of exposure to renin-angiotensin system blockers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of a series of 21 patients exposed to blockers of the renin-angiotensin system during pregnancy. Two markers were prenatally studied, fetal serum β2-microglobulin and amniotic fluid ...
Stanhope Todd J - - 2012
SLE is a multi-organ autoimmune disease that affects women of childbearing age. Renal involvement in the form of either active lupus nephritis (LN) at the time of conception, or a LN new onset or flare during pregnancy increases the risks of preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia, maternal mortality, fetal/neonatal demise, and intrauterine ...
Odutayo Ayodele - - 2012
Glomerular hyperfiltration, altered tubular function, and shifts in electrolyte-fluid balance are among the hallmark renal physiologic changes that characterize a healthy pregnancy. These adjustments are not only critical to maternal and fetal well being, but also provide the clinical context for identifying gestational aberrations in renal function and electrolyte composition. ...
Bramham K - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) commonly affects women of child bearing-age, and advances in treatment have resulted in an increasing number of women with renal involvement becoming pregnant. Knowledge of the relationship of the condition with respect to fertility and pregnancy is important for all clinicians involved in the care of ...
Stephenson Matthew A - - 2012
Pregnancy is known to increase the risk of aneurysm formation, likely by a combination of histological changes in vessel walls associated with the hormones of pregnancy and the haemodynamic changes to the circulation. To our knowledge this is the first case of a pregnant woman with a brachial-cephalic arterio-venous fistula ...
Forehan Simon - - 2012
Background Thyroid hormone plays a critical role in fetal development. In pregnancy, increased thyroid hormone synthesis is required to meet fetal needs, resulting in increased iodine requirements. Objective This article outlines changes to thyroid physiology and iodine requirements in pregnancy, pregnancy specific reference ranges for thyroid function tests and detection ...
Yang Yu-Guang - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an emerging technique for the treatment of genital human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced benign and premalignant lesions. We report here in a case series of condyloma acuminata (CA) in pregnancy successfully treated with ALA-PDT. Five pregnant patients with CA received three to four times ...
Masuyama Hisashi - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate whether pregnant women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) adapt poorly to increases in renal blood flow. This can exacerbate renal function and impair perinatal outcome, as there is a major interplay between CKD and preeclampsia (PE). Methods: We analyzed the outcomes of 90 pregnant women with preexisting ...
Magann Everett F EF Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas for the Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham Street, Slot # 518, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2012
To determine maternal fetal medicine (MFM) referral trends in a Medicaid population over time. Sixteen clinical guidelines and 23 clinical conditions were identified where co-management/consultation with MFM specialist is recommended. Linked Medicaid claims and birth certificate data for 2001-2006 were used to identify pregnancies with these conditions and whether they ...
Scholte Johannes B J - - 2012
Context:We report on a case of nondiabetic ketoacidosis due to mild starvation in a third term twin pregnancy.Objective:The aim was to present a case report and review of the literature in nondiabetic ketoacidosis in pregnancy, including precipitating factors and underlying pathophysiology.Design:The case report includes collation of earlier data and literature ...
Chang Justine - - 2012
Pregnancy leads to diverse physiologic changes to accommodate the demands of the developing fetoplacental unit, which affect many major organ systems. Understanding these physiologic adaptations to pregnancy is important for all clinicians because they have important implications for the diagnosis and management of various disorders. This article provides a brief ...
Lipscomb Gary H - - 2012
The use of medical management of ectopic pregnancy has become an accepted alternative to surgical therapy. Methotrexate, a folic acid antagonist, is the most widely studied agent. The most commonly used protocol consists of methotrexate 50 mg/m of actual body weight. Assessment of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels is repeated ...
Chaudhary A K - - 2012
To determine if community-based, low-cost interventions during third trimester of pregnancy can reduce the incidence of low birth weight babies. In a case control study, 290 pregnant women from a slum area were registered in the beginning of third trimester of pregnancy and provided full antenatal care comprising fortnightly check ...
Hadar Eran - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish a nomogram for renal parenchymal thickness throughout pregnancy. METHODS: One-hundred and twenty-eight healthy women with singleton, well-dated, uncomplicated second- or third-trimester pregnancies were prospectively evaluated for renal parenchymal thickness on routine ultrasound scans. The renal parenchyma was measured in transverse and ...
Bramham Kate - - 2012
Pre-pregnancy counseling should be available for all women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) so that conception occurs at the right time in the course of their disease and while they are on the right medications, with the aims of minimizing risks for both mother and fetus. Key areas to consider ...
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