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Results 101 - 150 of 1803
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Nascimento Maria Isabel do - - 2013
To analyze the misoprostol use in pregnancies with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), considering mode of delivery and induction-delivery interval. Descriptive study including 171 pregnant women with IUFD, in the second or third trimester, submitted to labor induction with vaginal misoprostol and/or induction/augmentation with intravenous oxytocin, from 2005 to 2008, at ...
- - 2013
Methotrexate, a folic acid antagonist, is an effective treatment for early unruptured ectopic pregnancy. Several treatment regimens are available. Methotrexate is more effective when used to treat ectopic pregnancies with lower human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels. However, there is no consensus on a threshold value that best predicts success or ...
Robakis Thalia K - - 2013
This study aims to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding approaches to treatment-resistant depression in pregnancy and the postpartum period and to develop algorithms for ante- and postnatal management in cases of refractory major depression. PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched without temporal restriction. ...
Koshy Aby Kottal - - 2013
Abstract Although serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is considered a good predictor of ovarian response during in vitro fertilisation (IVF), pregnancies have been reported with low values, questioning its usefulness as a predictor of treatment outcome. A retrospective study was therefore carried out to assess the IVF treatment outcomes in women ...
Uysal Fatma - - 2013
Cesarean scar pregnancy is a very rare form of pregnancy and a life-threatening situation. It has become an important and serious problem over the last 10 years, as a result of the worldwide increase in cesarean births. In this retrospective series, the diagnosis of cesarean scar pregnancy, management, treatment methods, ...
Orazulike Ngozi C - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy remains to be an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide, although the incidence has remained unchanged especially in developed countries over the last decade. Several factors are responsible for this, including misdiagnosis and failure to institute timely appropriate treatment aimed at preserving fertility and minimizing the ...
Sarno Maria Anna - - 2013
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are the cornerstone of the treatment of several types of tumors, but their use in pregnant women is not clearly defined. Here, we report and analyze all available data on mAb treatment in pregnant cancer patients. A literature search was performed from 2000 until January 2013 and ...
Han Sileny N - - 2013
Cervical cancer during pregnancy is relatively uncommon. However, the incidence is expected to increase as more women delay childbearing. When preservation of the pregnancy is desired, optimal treatment is a major challenge to all. Whereas delay of treatment is an option for pre-invasive disease, and also small invasive carcinomas without ...
Ghezzi Angelo - - 2013
As multiple sclerosis (MS) typically starts at about 30 years of age, and is twice more frequent in females than in males, women with MS frequently face issues related to pregnancy and to the effects of medications commonly used in MS treatment. In this review, the authors provide and summarize literature ...
Kubota Toshiro - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. In 2006 the Japanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) proposed new, revised diagnostic criteria that in the future could also be valued internationally. Based on the new diagnostic criteria, the JSOG has also proposed ...
Babalola Olubukola - - 2013
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disorder not uncommonly seen in pregnant patients. Several drugs have been approved for its treatment in non-pregnant patients, but special precautions are necessary when selecting a treatment plan during pregnancy to prevent harm to the fetus and child. This article reviews the treatment options for ...
Pugashetti Rupa - - 2013
The management of acne vulgaris in the setting of pregnancy raises important clinical considerations regarding the efficacy and safety of acne treatments in this special patient population. Particular challenges include the absence of safety data, discrepancy in safety data between different safety rating systems, and lack of evidence-based recommendations for ...
Babalola Olubukola - - 2013
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also referred to as eczema, is one of the most frequently observed skin diseases in pregnant patients. The presentation and histopathology of this condition during pregnancy is identical to that of the non-pregnant individual. AD is a T-helper 2 dominant disease and may worsen during pregnancy, which ...
Townsley Danielle M - - 2013
Pregnancy induces a number of physiologic changes that affect the hematologic indices, either directly or indirectly. Recognizing and treating hematologic disorders that occur during pregnancy is difficult owing to the paucity of evidence available to guide consultants. This review discusses specifically the diagnosis and management of benign hematologic disorders occurring ...
Fregonesi Adriano - - 2013
Urolithiasis in pregnancy represents a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the obstetrician, urologist, radiologist and anesthetist. It is a cause of major concern, considering the potential adverse effects of radiation exposure and of any invasive surgical procedure and anesthesia on the mother and fetus. Fortunately, with conservative management, 70-80% ...
Black Samantha S Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy is a crucial intervention in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. It is recognised that mother-to-child transmission is reduced with each week on ART. However, in most South African settings, ART initiation is delayed owing to slow determination of treatment eligibility and separation ...
Rana Poonam - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) presents a major health problem for women of child-bearing age. EP refers to the pregnancy occurring outside the uterine cavity that constitutes 1.2-1.4 % of all reported pregnancies. All identified risk factors are maternal: pelvic inflammatory disease, Chlamydia trachomatis infection, smoking, tubal surgery, induced conception cycle, and endometriosis. ...
Bell Robin J - - 2013
This study examined pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) and pregnancy following treatment for breast cancer. We analysed data from a questionnaire-based, prospective study of women diagnosed with breast cancer. Timing of diagnosis in relation to pregnancy was self-reported in the enrolment questionnaire. Women reported subsequent pregnancies in annual follow-up questionnaires, up ...
Ricciarelli E - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate neonatal malformation, prematurity, and stillbirth in singleton and multiple pregnancies derived from different Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study data were collected, from private and public Spanish IVF units, during the years 2008 and 2009. During this period, 8,682 pregnancies were analysed from ...
Eley Timothy - - 2013
Objectives: A theoretical concern exists that atazanavir (ATV) use during pregnancy may exacerbate physiologic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. The aim of this sub-study was to evaluate patterns of neonatal bilirubin following ATV/ritonavir (RTV) treatment of pregnant mothers and clinical and pharmacogenetic factors that may correlate. Design: Sub-analysis of study AI424182, a multicenter, ...
Polak Michel M Pediatric Endocrinology, Gynecology and Diabetology, Necker Enfants-Malades Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France; INSERM U845, IMAGINE affiliate, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Advances in prenatal imaging techniques and in fetal hormonology now allow for identification of disorders of thyroid function in the fetus. These can potentially be treated in utero by giving drugs to the mother. This review shows the feasibility of in utero treatment of fetal thyroid disorders, either indirectly by ...
Orban N - - 2013
Pregnancy-induced rhinitis (PIR) is often misclassified and under-diagnosed. There is currently no cure or optimum symptomatic treatment. To summarize current knowledge of PIR and assess evidence supporting treatment options. Structured literature search. SEARCH STRATEGY AND EVALUATION METHOD: Review of English-language articles addressing evidence for aetiology, classification, differential diagnosis or treatment ...
Herrera Christina A - - 2013
Fulminant herpes hepatitis with disseminated extrahepatic involvement in pregnancy is rare and carries a high mortality risk. Although acyclovir remains standard first-line therapy, effective management of acyclovir-resistant disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV) in pregnancy remains elusive. We present a case of disseminated HSV resistant to both acyclovir and foscarnet, the ...
Ahn J-W JW Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, - - 2013
This report introduces a method for ultrasound-guided transcervical forceps extraction (UTCE) of unruptured interstitial pregnancies; this method does not necessitate elective caesarean delivery for future pregnancies. This report also compares this technique with conventional methods. A retrospective review was conducted involving 16 women treated for interstitial pregnancies. Among these women, ...
Perritt Jamila B - - 2013
The need to interrupt a pregnancy between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation is uncommon and is typically due to fetal demise or lethal anomalies. Nonetheless, treatment options become more limited at these gestations, when access to surgical methods may not be available in many circumstances. The efficacy of misoprostol ...
Goswami M - - 2013
The UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends that all subfertile women of < 40 years should be entitled to up to three IVF treatment cycles funded by the NHS. The full criteria have been implemented at The Newcastle Fertility Centre at Life since August 2009. The ...
Dragatsi Dianna - - 2013
We describe the case of a young pregnant woman with refractory schizoaffective disorder and how we reached a decision to apply for court-mandated outpatient psychiatric treatment (Assisted Outpatient Treatment or AOT). The patient was stable when we made this application as a preventive measure, given her serious prior episodes of ...
Khan Majida - - 2013
Approximately 10-15% of the married couples remain childless. Conventional in vitro fertilisation (IVF) has been the treatment option for most of these cases. However, it is expensive and only available to a small fraction of the infertile population. The Sindh Institute of Reproductive Medicine (SIRM), Karachi, Pakistan, has introduced a ...
Zollner Ursula - - 2013
To find out which forms of conservative infertility therapy led to the highest pregnancy rate and which factors influence the occurrence of a pregnancy. A total of 433 conservative treatment cycles were retrospectively evaluated. Ovarian stimulation was performed with clomiphene citrate (CC) or gonadotropins (follicle stimulating hormone [FSH] or human ...
Acosta K Alexandra - - 2013
Erythema nodosum (EN) is the most common form of panniculitis. It is characterized by erythematous, raised, tender nodules that usually occur bilaterally on the extensor surfaces of the lower extremities. EN is associated with many underlying conditions including infection, sarcoidosis, malignancy, and pregnancy. Its underlying etiology, however, is unknown in ...
Shah Monali - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To confirm effectiveness of nonsurgical periodontal treatment during pregnancy on pregnancy outcome in terms of preterm birth and low birth weight. Methods: We searched for Randomized controlled trials in MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE. from January 2000 to October 2012. References of included studies were hand searched. Studies which ...
Takayama Kei - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report a case of successful treatment with infliximab for Behçet disease (BD) during pregnancy. Design: A case report. Methods: A 30-year-old woman was diagnosed with BD at 12 weeks of pregnancy. Additional symptoms occurred, and infliximab at a dose of 5 mg/kg body weight was initiated at 18 ...
van Leeuwen M - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Which strategy is least expensive to prevent the birth of a handicapped child in couples with recurrent miscarriage (RM); parental chromosome analysis followed by amniocentesis in case of carrier status of one of the parents, or amniocentesis in all ongoing pregnancies without the knowledge of parental carrier status? ...
De Asis Sarah Jane - - 2013
Electroconvulsive therapy has been demonstrated to be relatively safe during pregnancy for both the mother and the fetus. One risk to the fetus is cardiac deceleration during the grand mal seizure. We present a case of a young woman in her second trimester of pregnancy with bipolar depression. She had ...
Horowitz Kari M - - 2013
Hemodynamic changes occur in pregnancy to prepare for expected blood loss at delivery. Physiologic anemia occurs in pregnancy because plasma volume increases more quickly than red cell mass. Anemia is most commonly classified as microcytic, normocytic, or macrocytic. Iron deficiency anemia accounts for 75% of all anemias in pregnancy. Oral ...
Oron Galia - - 2013
The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is approximately 2% of all pregnancies, and it remains the leading cause of death in early pregnancy. Over 95% of ectopic pregnancies are tubal pregnancies, and the remainders are nontubal pregnancies. The highest risk factor for ectopic pregnancy is a previous tubal pregnancy followed by ...
Li Kunming - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This article provides a new method to avoid recurrent ectopic pregnancy during IVF-ET treatment in women who underwent bilateral salpingectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Chinese woman who underwent bilateral salpingectomy because of previous ectopic pregnancy sought IVF-ET therapy. She got two continuous salpingocyesis in fresh cycle and frozen cycle ...
Roca A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with discontinuation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in pregnant women and to determine the rates of SSRI reintroduction during pregnancy. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted in the Perinatal Psychiatry Service of the Hospital Clínic in Barcelona. The total sample comprised 132 consecutive ...
Yilmazbas-Mecitoglu G - - 2013
The aim of this study was to test Ovsynch (OVS) versus modified OVS (decreasing the interval between first GnRH and PGF2α to 6 d) protocols on pregnancy per artificial insemination (AI) and OVS outcomes in cyclic dairy cows. Cyclic cows (n = 920) were assigned to 1 of 2 groups: ...
Barnes R A - - 2013
AIM: To identify predictors of large and small for gestational age in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A retrospective audit of clinical data analysed for singleton births in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes by Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society guidelines from 1994 to 2009. Exclusions were: incomplete data, delivered ...
Digre Kathleen B - - 2013
Headache is a common symptom in pregnant women. Although most headaches seen in women are primary headache disorders (migraine, tension-type headache), complications or conditions associated with pregnancy can present with a secondary headache. Headaches are common symptoms in idiopathic intracranial hypertension, eclampsia, and reversible cerebral vascular syndrome. Migraines may begin ...
Sanz Mariano - - 2013
Pregnancy sometimes has adverse outcomes including low birthweight (<2500 g), pre-term birth (<37 weeks), growth restriction, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage and/or stillbirth. Maternal periodontitis directly and/or indirectly have potential to influence the health of the foetal-maternal unit. To assess the epidemiological evidence for the impact of periodontal disease on adverse pregnancy outcomes and to ...
Sanz Mariano - - 2013
Background: Pregnancy sometimes has adverse outcomes including low birthweight (<2500 g), pre-term birth (<37 weeks), growth restriction, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage and/or stillbirth. Maternal periodontitis directly and/or indirectly have potential to influence the health of the foetal-maternal unit. Aims: To assess the epidemiological evidence for the impact of periodontal disease on adverse ...
Punnialingam Sinthiya - - 2013
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an auto-immune thrombophilia for which anti-thrombotic medication is necessary for long-term management to reduce thrombotic risk or pregnancy morbidity. Choosing the type of pharmacological treatment, i.e. the intensity and duration of anticoagulation, depends on the severity of an individual's APS and the risk of bleeding. This ...
Liu M - - 2013
Orally administered nucleus(t)ide analogues (NA) have brought about a simple, safe and effective therapeutic approach for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, treatment duration is long and some female patients become pregnant during treatment. In recent years, there have been gradually increasing reports on the safety of telbivudine (LdT) treatment for ...
Kumar Pratap - - 2013
Treatment of patients with recurrent pregnancy losses and recurrent implantation failure can be instituted only when the underlying etiology is determined. Embryo-secreted preimplantation factor (PIF) is essential for implantation and adequate trophoblastic invasion. Deficiency of PIF affects the outcome of the pregnancy leading to recurrent pregnancy losses. Synthetic PIF modulates ...
Aigere E O S EO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre - - 2013
Detection and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnancy is important to avert the attendant maternal and fetal morbidity. Other than urine culture, no other screening test is unequivocal. The use of enhanced urinalysis test to detect ASB in pregnancy was investigated. This was a prospective observational study which compared ...
Lynn Fiona A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Establish maternal preferences for a third-trimester ultrasound scan in a healthy, low-risk pregnant population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study incorporating a discrete choice experiment. SETTING: A large, urban maternity hospital in Northern Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty-six women in their second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment was ...
Kwak-Kim Joanne - - 2013
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been associated with recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL) and other obstetrical complications. The diagnostic criteria for the classical antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) have been utilized for the detection of obstetrical APS in women with RPL. However, laboratory findings and immunopathology of obstetrical APS are significantly different from ...
Münstedt Karsten - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative methods (CAMs) are frequently used during pregnancy and delivery. We were interested to find out how frequently CAMs were used and if they were used for specific indications. METHODS: We assessed the use of various CAMs and the background of use. Here we differentiated between the ...
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