Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1865
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Bornstein Eran - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) as well as maternal ethnicity on the detection of either echogenic intra-cardiac focus (EIF) or echogenic bowel (EB). METHODS: This prospective study identified 74 uncomplicated singleton fetuses in which EIF and/or EB were detected between 18 and 21 weeks ...
Kaplan-Neeman Ricky - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible changes in hearing sensation as manifested in the maps' psychoacoustic parameters, threshold (T), and most comfortable (C/M) levels among cochlear implant (CI) female recipients during pregnancy and after delivery. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary referral center. DESIGN:: Retrospective study. METHOD: Two MedEl device and 3 Nucleus device users' ...
Leone Janel M - - 2010
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy increases women's risk of pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes. The goal of this study was to examine the association between IPV and prenatal trauma and placental abruption during pregnancy. Prenatal and hospital obstetrical charts were reviewed for 2873 women who gave birth between ...
Bakker Marian K - - 2010
We report an association found in a surveillance study which systematically evaluated combinations of specific birth defects and drugs used in the first trimester of pregnancy. The database of a population-based birth defects registry (birth years 1997-2007) was systematically screened for combinations of drugs and malformations that were disproportionately present ...
Saftlas Audrey F - - 2010
Chocolate consumption is associated with favorable levels of blood pressure and other cardiovascular disease risk markers. We analyzed a prospective cohort study to determine whether regular chocolate intake during pregnancy is associated with reduced risks of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension (GH). Subjects were recruited from 13 prenatal care practices in ...
Scialli Anthony R - - 2010
Acetaminophen is commonly used during pregnancy. Experimental animal studies do not suggest increased malformations after therapeutic use of single-ingredient acetaminophen during pregnancy. Cohort studies in humans in which exposure is prospectively ascertained show no detectable increase in congenital malformation risk associated with single-ingredient acetaminophen use during pregnancy. A case-control study ...
Stephenson Mary D - - 2010
Idiopathic secondary recurrent miscarriage may be associated with an abnormal maternal immune response to subsequent pregnancies. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been studied in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with conflicting results. Therefore, a definitive trial was proposed. We conducted an investigator-initiated, multicentered, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial comparing IVIG with saline in ...
Getahun Darios - - 2010
We sought to examine the recurrence risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a subsequent pregnancy and determine whether recurrence risk is modified by race/ethnicity. We used the Kaiser Permanente Southern California longitudinally linked records (1991-2008) to study women with first 2 (n = 65,132) and first 3 (n = ...
Gammill Hilary S - - 2010
Small amounts of genetically foreign cells (microchimerism, Mc) traffic between a mother and fetus during pregnancy. Commonly, these grafts durably persist. For women, multiple naturally acquired Mc grafts can accrue, as they harbor Mc from their own mothers (maternal Mc, MMc) and subsequently acquire fetal Mc (FMc) through pregnancy. The ...
Bose Diwata A - - 2011
The purpose of the review article is to determine if prolonged (≥48 hour) tocolytics with symptomatic preterm placenta previa improves perinatal outcome. OVID MEDLINE and Cochrane Databases were searched from January 1950 to January 2009. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. We identified two retrospective studies ...
Wilson Karen L - - 2011
We sought to determine if maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the second half of pregnancy is associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). We performed a case-controlled study (1:6 ratio) of infants delivered at Madigan Army Medical Center with primary PPHN from 2003 through ...
Lapolla A - - 2010
AIM: This multicentre study analyzed the maternal and fetal outcomes of women who had one elevated 3-h oral glucose tolerance test (isolated gestational hyperglycaemia [IGH]). METHODS: From 1999 to 2003, data were collected for 606 IGH women from 31 Italian obstetric or diabetic centres, including time and mode of delivery, ...
Roberts Susan S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ribavirin, with interferons or pegylated interferons, is used to treat chronic hepatitis C. Ribavirin is contraindicated in pregnancy (FDA Pregnancy Category X) and in men whose partners may become pregnant. In 2003, the Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry was established to monitor pregnancy exposures to ribavirin and to evaluate the potential ...
Aaron S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The exact pathogenesis of pregnancy associated cerebral venous thrombois is still unsettled. Aims : To identify possible inherited and acquired prothrombotic risk factors and also identify the factors associated with mortality in pregnancy associated CVT. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective cohort study to identify prothrombotic risk factors and case control ...
Katz Joanne - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in the mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) in pregnancy and early post-partum varied by maternal age. The MUAC of 3359 nulliparous pregnant women ≤25 years of age in rural Nepal was measured in early pregnancy and at 3 months post-delivery of ...
Facchinetti Fabio - - 2011
Objective.?As the influence of socio-demographic variables, lifestyle and medical conditions on the epidemiology of stillbirth (SB) is modified by population features, we aimed at investigating the role played by these factors on the incidence of SB in a developed country. Study design.?Multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR with 95% CI) was ...
Lange Nancy E - - 2010
The rise in asthma prevalence over the last few decades may be a result of changes in prenatal or early-life environment, including maternal diet during pregnancy. Previous studies have found associations between individual foods or nutrients consumed during pregnancy and asthma or wheeze in children, but these may be confounded ...
Bhattacharya S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of recurrence of stillbirth in a second pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Scotland, UK. POPULATION: All women who delivered their first and second pregnancies in Scotland between 1981 and 2005. METHODS: All women delivering for the first time between 1981 and 2000 were linked ...
Ford Nathan N Médecins Sans Frontières, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2010
Data on efavirenz safety in first trimester pregnancy are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available evidence from observational cohorts. We ran duplicate searches of databases (up to 02 January, 2010) and searchable websites of major HIV conferences (up to February, 2010) to identify observational cohorts ...
Cohen Eyal - - 2011
To investigate pregnancy outcome in patients with condyloma acuminata. A retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancy outcome of women with and without condyloma acuminata was performed. A sub-group analysis was performed between patients with localized disease (n = 40), extended disease (n = 25) and no condyloma acuminata (n = 227,202). Using a multivariate logistic regression model, ...
Jentink Janneke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of valproic acid in the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of spina bifida, but data on the risks of other congenital malformations are limited. METHODS: We first combined data from eight published cohort studies (1565 pregnancies in which the women were exposed ...
Guzel Ali Irfan - - 2011
We designed this retrospective study to evaluate the association between maternal and fetal parameters and perinatal mortality in hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. In this retrospective study, 152 pregnancies complicated with HELLP syndrome were evaluated. Risk factors recorded were maternal age, gravidity, gestational age (weeks), ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to check the association of maternal periodontal infectious disease (MPID) during pregnancy and the possible risk for birth outcomes, mainly structural birth defects: congenital abnormalities (CAs) in their children. METHODS: The population-based data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities, ...
Gollenberg Audra L - - 2010
Studies conducted among nonpregnant populations have observed an association between sedentary behavior and glucose intolerance. Few studies have investigated this association during pregnancy, particularly among Latina women, a population with higher rates of sedentary behavior and abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) as compared with non-Latina white women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of ...
Gilani Syed Amir - - 2010
To evaluate the ductus venosus hemodynamic parameters in 31-40 weeks gestation normal fetus in the Pakistani population using Doppler ultrasonography. In a standardized protocol 106 pregnant women (31 to 40 gestation weeks) were scanned. The peak systolic velocity (maximum velocity during S wave) (PSV), peak velocity index (peak velocity S ...
Magann Everett F - - 2010
To review flight regulations and gestational complications associated with air travel in pregnant passengers, flight attendants, and aviators. A literature search was undertaken on the relationship of air travel and spontaneous pregnancy losses, intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), birth weight<10th percentile, preterm delivery, and neonatal intensive care unit admissions. The literature ...
Rodger Marc A - - 2010
Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation (PGM) are common inherited thrombophilias. Retrospective studies variably suggest a link between maternal FVL/PGM and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications including pregnancy loss, small for gestational age, pre-eclampsia and placental abruption. Prospective cohort studies provide a superior methodologic design but require larger sample sizes ...
Ford J B - - 2010
To investigate the recurrence risk of breech presentation at term, and to assess the risk factors that contribute to its recurrence. Cohort study. New South Wales, Australia. Women with their first two (n = 113 854) and first three (n = 21 690) consecutive singleton term pregnancies, in the period ...
Nakhai-Pour Hamid Reza - - 2010
The risk of relapse of depression or the diagnosis of some other psychiatric disorders during pregnancy necessitates the use of antidepressants despite possible adverse effects. Whether such use increases the risk of spontaneous abortion is still being debated. We evaluated the risk of spontaneous abortion in relation to the use ...
Li Jiong - - 2010
Severe prenatal stress exposure has been found to increase the risk of neuropsychiatric conditions like schizophrenia. We examined the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring following prenatal maternal bereavement, as a potential source of stress exposure. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study including all 1,015,912 singletons born ...
Morris R Katie RK School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TG, UK. - - 2010
To evaluate the test accuracy of ductus venosus Doppler for prediction of compromise of fetal/neonatal wellbeing. The search strategy employed searching of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, Medion) from inception to May 2009, hand searching of journal and reference lists, contact with experts. Two reviewers independently selected articles in ...
Romanyuk Vitaliy - - 2011
To establish radiological characteristics of pneumonia during pregnancy and to investigate pregnancy outcomes in patients hospitalised due to pneumonia. Study design. A population-based study comparing all pregnancies of women with and without pneumonia between was conducted. The diagnosis of pneumonia was confirmed by chest radiograph. Multivariable logistic regression models were ...
Silva Lindsay M - - 2010
Women of low socio-economic status (SES) give birth to lighter babies. It is unknown from which moment during pregnancy socio-economic differences in fetal weight can be observed, whether low SES equally affects different fetal-growth components, or what the effect of low SES is after taking into account mediating factors. In ...
Lepeule Johanna - - 2010
Studies of the effects of air pollutants on birth weight often assess exposure with networks of permanent air quality monitoring stations (AQMSs), which have a poor spatial resolution. We aimed to compare the exposure model based on the nearest AQMS and a temporally adjusted geostatistical (TAG) model with a finer ...
Cassina Matteo - - 2010
To assess the safety of diclofenac during pregnancy. A prospective observational cohort study, evaluating follow-up data of women who contacted Teratology Information Services to get counseling. The exposed group included 145 pregnant women who were exposed to diclofenac between the 5th and the 14th gestational week. A contemporary control group ...
Acs Nándor - - 2011
The possible association between otitis media in pregnancy (OMP) and structural birth defects, that is, congenital abnormalities (CAs), in their offspring has not been studied. The data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities, 1980 and 1996, was evaluated. There were 58 (0.25%) and 55 (0.14%) of 22 843 ...
Lykke Jacob Alexander - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of first-trimester bleeding without miscarriage and complications later in the first pregnancy as well as in the next pregnancy. METHODS: In a retrospective, registry-based cohort study, we identified women delivering in Denmark from 1978 to 2007 with a first singleton pregnancy (n=782,287) and first and ...
Lebel David E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether symphysiolysis during pregnancy is a risk factor for cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: A retrospective population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies of women with and without symphysiolysis was conducted. Deliveries occurred between the years 2000 and 2007. Multiple logistic regression models were used to control for confounders. ...
Both Marieke I MI Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Erasmus University Medical Center, SK 4130, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2010
The potential relationship between daily physical activity and pregnancy outcome remains unclear because of the wide variation in study designs and physical activity assessment measures. We sought to prospectively quantify the potential effects of the various domains of physical activity on selected birth outcomes in a large unselected population. The ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2011
This study investigated the clinical significance of placental abruption occurred at preterm compared with those that occurred at term. We reviewed the obstetric records of 102 singleton deliveries complicated by placental abruption after 22 weeks of gestation. The χ(2) test for categorical variables was used and differences with p < 0.05 were considered ...
Lebbe Marie - - 2010
Data concerning the safety for pregnancy of cabergoline treatment in hyperprolactinaemic women are still scarce. To exclude a higher than normal risk for miscarriage and congenital malformation in pregnancies initiated under cabergoline treatment. A retrospective study of 100 pregnancies in 72 hyperprolactinaemic women treated with cabergoline at the time of ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study in a large-scale cohort with prospective data the associations of psychosocial adversities during pregnancy with length of gestation and offspring size at birth. METHODS: We defined a priori two types of psychosocial adversity during pregnancy: life stress (perceived burdens in major areas of life) and emotional symptoms ...
Rodr?guez-Bernal Clara L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal diet has been associated with fetal growth outcomes; however, evidence is scarce on the role of dietary quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effect of diet quality during the first trimester of pregnancy, as measured by the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) adapted for pregnancy, on ...
Liu A J W - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can lead to significant intellectual and behavioural problems in later life. IUGR represents a frequent feature of pregnancies of opioid-dependent mothers (ODMs), the causes of which are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the independent risk factors for IUGR ...
Gold Katherine J KJ University of Michigan, Department of Family Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1213, USA. - - 2010
The goal was to evaluate marriage and cohabitation outcomes for couples who experienced a live birth or fetal death at any gestational age. For married and cohabitating women who experienced live births, miscarriages, or stillbirths, we conducted a survival analysis (median follow-up period: 7.8 years), by using data from the ...
Thorsell M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess if fetal size at the time of ultrasound dating examination is associated with the risk of macrosomia and complications associated with macrosomia. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 19 377 singleton pregnancies dated in gestational weeks 16-20 during the period 1998-2004 at Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, ...
Nakhai-Pour H R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In spite of the widespread use of antihypertensives during pregnancy, data on their risks and benefits for the newborn are limited. We investigated the risk of major congenital malformations or small-for-gestational-age newborns (SGA) in relation to gestational use of antihypertensives. METHODS: Within the Quebec Pregnancy Registry, we conducted two ...
Magann Everett F - - 2010
To determine pregnancy outcomes in high-risk non-anomalous singleton pregnancies with oligo- and polyhydramnios. In high-risk pregnancies undergoing antenatal testing, the last amniotic fluid index (AFI) prior to delivery in pregnancies with polyhydramnios (>97.5th percentile) and oligohydramnios (<2.5th percentile) was correlated with pregnancy outcomes. There were 2597 pregnancies with a normal ...
Cleary Brian J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the extent, nature and determinants of medication use in early pregnancy. METHODS: We reviewed early pregnancy medication use, as reported to a midwife at the booking interview, in women delivering between 2000 and 2007 in a large maternity hospital in Dublin, Ireland (n = 61 252). RESULTS: ...
Middelburg Karin J - - 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) on neurodevelopmental outcome in children. We conducted a prospective follow-up study of children born to women randomly assigned to in vitro fertilization with or without PGS. Primary outcome was adverse neurologic outcome at 18 mo; secondary ...
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