Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1884
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Al-Farsi Yahya M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of parity on the occurrence of prediabetes defined as an abnormal fasting plasma glucose (5.6-6.9 mmol/l), an abnormal 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (7.7-11.1 mmol/l), or both, before 12 weeks gestation or at least 6 weeks after delivery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nested on ...
Ayoola Adejoke B - - 2010
To examine the relationship between newborn outcomes and late prenatal care initiation after recognition of pregnancy. Secondary data analysis of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS) data for the United States. Twenty-nine states. Women of childbearing age (135,623) who resided in 29 states in the PRAMS study who ...
Abeysena Chrishantha - - 2010
To determine the effect of maternal haemoglobin levels at booking visit on pregnancy outcome. A prospective study was carried out at two Medical Officer of Health areas in a district in Sri Lanka, including 817 pregnant mothers who were followed up until delivery. Maternal haemoglobin level was measured according to ...
Khan Khalid - - 2010
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are not licensed for use in pregnancy but are used without robust surveillance to treat hypertension in pregnancy and preterm labour. The objective of this study was to evaluate the fetomaternal safety of CCB in pregnancy by a quantitative systematic review. Medline (1996-2005), EMBASE (1996-2003), BIOSIS ...
Ray Joel G - - 2010
The association between fetal exposure to major radiodiagnostic testing in pregnancy-computed tomography (CT) and radionuclide imaging-and the risk of childhood cancer is not established. We completed a population-based study of 1.8 million maternal-child pairs in the province of Ontario, from 1991 to 2008. We used Ontario's universal health care-linked administrative ...
Granata F - - 2010
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represent congenital anomalies of blood vessels composed of a nidus of anomalous arterial and venous vessels without a capillary network. We describe a case of bleeding cerebral AVM in a pregnant women at the second quarter of gestation and diagnosed by digital subtraction angiography showing a ...
Agarwal Meenal M Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, - - 2010
the role of apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms in the etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is not clearly understood. We evaluated this polymorphism in unexplained pregnancy losses among North Indian women. in a retrospective case–control study, 200 well-characterized RPL cases were examined for their APO-E genotypes based on restriction fragment ...
Boyd Patricia Anne - - 2011
This study aims to assess prevalence and pregnancy outcome for sex chromosome trisomies (SCTs) diagnosed prenatally or in the first year of life. Data held by the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) database on SCT cases delivered 2000-2005 from 19 population-based registries in 11 European countries covering 2.5 million ...
Powe Camille E - - 2010
Previous studies report an association between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension, including the pregnancy-specific disorder preeclampsia. Circulating vitamin D is almost entirely bound to vitamin D binding protein, which increases 2-fold during pregnancy and previous studies have not examined vitamin D binding protein or free vitamin D levels. We performed ...
Rudin C - - 2011
There is an ongoing debate as to whether combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for prematurity in HIV-1-infected women. The aim of the study was to examine (1) crude effects of different ART regimens on prematurity, (2) the association between duration of cART and duration ...
Toniolo Paolo - - 2010
Full-term pregnancies are associated with long-term reductions in maternal risk of breast cancer, but the biological determinants of the protection are unknown. Experimental observations suggest that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a major hormone of pregnancy, could play a role in this association. A case-control study (242 cases and 450 controls) ...
Duzyj Christina M CM Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Yale Women and Children's Center for Blood Disorders, New Haven, CT 06520-8063, USA. - - 2010
Preimplantation factor is a novel embryo-derived peptide that influences key processes in early pregnancy implantation, including immunity, adhesion, remodeling, and apoptosis. Herein, we explore the effects of synthetic preimplantation factor on trophoblast invasion. Invasion patterns of immortalized cultured HTR-8 trophoblast cells were analyzed through Matrigel extracellular matrix ± synthetic preimplantation ...
Odibo Anthony O - - 2011
Objective.?To derive coefficients for developing a customized growth chart for a Mid-Western US population, and to estimate the association between pregnancy outcomes and smallness for gestational age (SGA) defined by the customized growth chart compared with a population-based growth chart for the USA. Method.?A retrospective cohort study of an ultrasound ...
Teruel Carlos - - 2010
Immunomodulators are used as maintenance treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Data regarding their possible effects in the course of pregnancy when the father is exposed at the time of conception are limited. To evaluate the outcomes of pregnancies of which the fathers were exposed to thiopurines at the time ...
Skupski Daniel W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine preoperative predictive factors for donor and recipient death after laser ablation of placental vessels in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of North American Fetal Therapy Network center laser procedures, 2002-2009. Factors associated with donor and recipient death were identified by regression analysis. RESULTS: There were ...
Wang L-H - - 2010
This nationwide population-based study was carried out in Taiwan with the aim of comparing the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women who received zolpidem treatment for insomnia during pregnancy with that in women who did not. The adverse outcomes identified and assessed were delivery of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants, preterm ...
Autret-Leca Elisabeth - - 2010
In three previous studies, we have shown that pregnant women were still being exposed to isotretinoin and that compliance with recommendations was incomplete. The relaxation of these recommendations (summary of product characteristics 2004), combined with the release of generic brands, encouraged us to carry out a fourth study. To assess ...
Schwartz Nadav - - 2010
We sought to determine whether novel approaches to volumetric assessment of the early placenta can yield significant predictors of adverse outcome. We measured placental volume (PV) at 11 to 14 weeks using virtual organ computer-aided analysis and normalized the PV to the crown-rump length (CRL) to yield the placental quotient ...
Rao Shobha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In poor communities of the Third World, adolescent pregnancy outcomes are likely to be worse in view of the prevailing chronic undernutrition. AIM: The study examined the confounding effect of early life undernutrition on adolescent pregnancy outcome in rural India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective information on socio-economic, demographic and ...
Bornstein Eran - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) as well as maternal ethnicity on the detection of either echogenic intra-cardiac focus (EIF) or echogenic bowel (EB). METHODS: This prospective study identified 74 uncomplicated singleton fetuses in which EIF and/or EB were detected between 18 and 21 weeks ...
Kaplan-Neeman Ricky - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible changes in hearing sensation as manifested in the maps' psychoacoustic parameters, threshold (T), and most comfortable (C/M) levels among cochlear implant (CI) female recipients during pregnancy and after delivery. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary referral center. DESIGN:: Retrospective study. METHOD: Two MedEl device and 3 Nucleus device users' ...
Leone Janel M - - 2010
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy increases women's risk of pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes. The goal of this study was to examine the association between IPV and prenatal trauma and placental abruption during pregnancy. Prenatal and hospital obstetrical charts were reviewed for 2873 women who gave birth between ...
Bakker Marian K - - 2010
We report an association found in a surveillance study which systematically evaluated combinations of specific birth defects and drugs used in the first trimester of pregnancy. The database of a population-based birth defects registry (birth years 1997-2007) was systematically screened for combinations of drugs and malformations that were disproportionately present ...
Saftlas Audrey F - - 2010
Chocolate consumption is associated with favorable levels of blood pressure and other cardiovascular disease risk markers. We analyzed a prospective cohort study to determine whether regular chocolate intake during pregnancy is associated with reduced risks of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension (GH). Subjects were recruited from 13 prenatal care practices in ...
Scialli Anthony R - - 2010
Acetaminophen is commonly used during pregnancy. Experimental animal studies do not suggest increased malformations after therapeutic use of single-ingredient acetaminophen during pregnancy. Cohort studies in humans in which exposure is prospectively ascertained show no detectable increase in congenital malformation risk associated with single-ingredient acetaminophen use during pregnancy. A case-control study ...
Stephenson Mary D - - 2010
Idiopathic secondary recurrent miscarriage may be associated with an abnormal maternal immune response to subsequent pregnancies. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been studied in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with conflicting results. Therefore, a definitive trial was proposed. We conducted an investigator-initiated, multicentered, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial comparing IVIG with saline in ...
Getahun Darios - - 2010
We sought to examine the recurrence risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a subsequent pregnancy and determine whether recurrence risk is modified by race/ethnicity. We used the Kaiser Permanente Southern California longitudinally linked records (1991-2008) to study women with first 2 (n = 65,132) and first 3 (n = ...
Gammill Hilary S HS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-6460, USA. - - 2010
Small amounts of genetically foreign cells (microchimerism, Mc) traffic between a mother and fetus during pregnancy. Commonly, these grafts durably persist. For women, multiple naturally acquired Mc grafts can accrue, as they harbor Mc from their own mothers (maternal Mc, MMc) and subsequently acquire fetal Mc (FMc) through pregnancy. The ...
Bose Diwata A - - 2011
The purpose of the review article is to determine if prolonged (≥48 hour) tocolytics with symptomatic preterm placenta previa improves perinatal outcome. OVID MEDLINE and Cochrane Databases were searched from January 1950 to January 2009. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. We identified two retrospective studies ...
Wilson Karen L - - 2011
We sought to determine if maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the second half of pregnancy is associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). We performed a case-controlled study (1:6 ratio) of infants delivered at Madigan Army Medical Center with primary PPHN from 2003 through ...
Lapolla A - - 2010
AIM: This multicentre study analyzed the maternal and fetal outcomes of women who had one elevated 3-h oral glucose tolerance test (isolated gestational hyperglycaemia [IGH]). METHODS: From 1999 to 2003, data were collected for 606 IGH women from 31 Italian obstetric or diabetic centres, including time and mode of delivery, ...
Roberts Susan S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ribavirin, with interferons or pegylated interferons, is used to treat chronic hepatitis C. Ribavirin is contraindicated in pregnancy (FDA Pregnancy Category X) and in men whose partners may become pregnant. In 2003, the Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry was established to monitor pregnancy exposures to ribavirin and to evaluate the potential ...
Aaron S S Department of Neurological Sciences, Neurology Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2010
The exact pathogenesis of pregnancy associated cerebral venous thrombois is still unsettled. Aims : To identify possible inherited and acquired prothrombotic risk factors and also identify the factors associated with mortality in pregnancy associated CVT. Prospective cohort study to identify prothrombotic risk factors and case control study of influence of ...
Katz Joanne J Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in the mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) in pregnancy and early post-partum varied by maternal age. The MUAC of 3359 nulliparous pregnant women ≤25 years of age in rural Nepal was measured in early pregnancy and at 3 months post-delivery of ...
Facchinetti Fabio - - 2011
Objective.?As the influence of socio-demographic variables, lifestyle and medical conditions on the epidemiology of stillbirth (SB) is modified by population features, we aimed at investigating the role played by these factors on the incidence of SB in a developed country. Study design.?Multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR with 95% CI) was ...
Lange Nancy E NE Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
The rise in asthma prevalence over the last few decades may be a result of changes in prenatal or early-life environment, including maternal diet during pregnancy. Previous studies have found associations between individual foods or nutrients consumed during pregnancy and asthma or wheeze in children, but these may be confounded ...
Bhattacharya S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of recurrence of stillbirth in a second pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Scotland, UK. POPULATION: All women who delivered their first and second pregnancies in Scotland between 1981 and 2005. METHODS: All women delivering for the first time between 1981 and 2000 were linked ...
Ford Nathan N Médecins Sans Frontières, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2010
Data on efavirenz safety in first trimester pregnancy are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available evidence from observational cohorts. We ran duplicate searches of databases (up to 02 January, 2010) and searchable websites of major HIV conferences (up to February, 2010) to identify observational cohorts ...
Cohen Eyal - - 2011
To investigate pregnancy outcome in patients with condyloma acuminata. A retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancy outcome of women with and without condyloma acuminata was performed. A sub-group analysis was performed between patients with localized disease (n = 40), extended disease (n = 25) and no condyloma acuminata (n = 227,202). Using a multivariate logistic regression model, ...
Jentink Janneke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of valproic acid in the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of spina bifida, but data on the risks of other congenital malformations are limited. METHODS: We first combined data from eight published cohort studies (1565 pregnancies in which the women were exposed ...
Guzel Ali Irfan - - 2011
We designed this retrospective study to evaluate the association between maternal and fetal parameters and perinatal mortality in hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. In this retrospective study, 152 pregnancies complicated with HELLP syndrome were evaluated. Risk factors recorded were maternal age, gravidity, gestational age (weeks), ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to check the association of maternal periodontal infectious disease (MPID) during pregnancy and the possible risk for birth outcomes, mainly structural birth defects: congenital abnormalities (CAs) in their children. METHODS: The population-based data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities, ...
Gollenberg Audra L - - 2010
Studies conducted among nonpregnant populations have observed an association between sedentary behavior and glucose intolerance. Few studies have investigated this association during pregnancy, particularly among Latina women, a population with higher rates of sedentary behavior and abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) as compared with non-Latina white women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of ...
Gilani Syed Amir - - 2010
To evaluate the ductus venosus hemodynamic parameters in 31-40 weeks gestation normal fetus in the Pakistani population using Doppler ultrasonography. In a standardized protocol 106 pregnant women (31 to 40 gestation weeks) were scanned. The peak systolic velocity (maximum velocity during S wave) (PSV), peak velocity index (peak velocity S ...
Magann Everett F - - 2010
To review flight regulations and gestational complications associated with air travel in pregnant passengers, flight attendants, and aviators. A literature search was undertaken on the relationship of air travel and spontaneous pregnancy losses, intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), birth weight<10th percentile, preterm delivery, and neonatal intensive care unit admissions. The literature ...
Rodger Marc A - - 2010
Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation (PGM) are common inherited thrombophilias. Retrospective studies variably suggest a link between maternal FVL/PGM and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications including pregnancy loss, small for gestational age, pre-eclampsia and placental abruption. Prospective cohort studies provide a superior methodologic design but require larger sample sizes ...
Ford J B - - 2010
To investigate the recurrence risk of breech presentation at term, and to assess the risk factors that contribute to its recurrence. Cohort study. New South Wales, Australia. Women with their first two (n = 113 854) and first three (n = 21 690) consecutive singleton term pregnancies, in the period ...
Nakhai-Pour Hamid Reza - - 2010
The risk of relapse of depression or the diagnosis of some other psychiatric disorders during pregnancy necessitates the use of antidepressants despite possible adverse effects. Whether such use increases the risk of spontaneous abortion is still being debated. We evaluated the risk of spontaneous abortion in relation to the use ...
Li Jiong - - 2010
Severe prenatal stress exposure has been found to increase the risk of neuropsychiatric conditions like schizophrenia. We examined the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring following prenatal maternal bereavement, as a potential source of stress exposure. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study including all 1,015,912 singletons born ...
Morris R Katie RK School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TG, UK. - - 2010
To evaluate the test accuracy of ductus venosus Doppler for prediction of compromise of fetal/neonatal wellbeing. The search strategy employed searching of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, Medion) from inception to May 2009, hand searching of journal and reference lists, contact with experts. Two reviewers independently selected articles in ...
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