Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1799
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Juhl Mette - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise in pregnancy is recommended in many countries, and swimming is considered by many to be an ideal activity for pregnant women. Disinfection by-products in swimming pool water may, however, be associated with adverse effects on various reproductive outcomes. We examined the association between swimming in pregnancy and preterm ...
Cockrill Tonya - - 2010
Birth order has been valuable in revealing the role of environmental influences on the risk of developing certain diseases such as allergy and atopy. In addition, pregnancy has profound effects on the immune system such as short-term effects that permit fetal survival as well as longer-term effects that could influence ...
Lepercq J - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the safety of insulin glargine during pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: This retrospective multicentre study involved women with T1DM treated with insulin glargine before conception and throughout pregnancy. The main investigated parameters were HbA(1c) during the ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2010
Pholedrine was a frequently used drug for the treatment of severe hypotension in some countries, including Hungary. The possible teratogenic effect of pholedrine was not checked; therefore; the birth outcomes, particularly congenital abnormalities (CAs), of infants born to women treated with pholedrine during pregnancy, and pregnancy complications were evaluated in ...
Lie Fong S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The number of childhood cancer survivors has dramatically increased and consequently, an increasing number of survivors may now wish to conceive. Recently, several studies have described that previous treatment with abdominal radiotherapy may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single centre cohort study ...
Jackson K A - - 2010
Infection by Listeria monocytogenes in pregnant women may result in fetal loss or invasive disease in the newborn. We examined listeriosis cases reported through the U.S. Listeria Initiative during 2004-2007. Cases were classified as pregnancy-associated if illness occurred in a pregnant woman or an infant aged <28 days. Of 758 ...
Ndibazza J J Medical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute-Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda. - - 2010
Helminth infections during pregnancy may be associated with adverse outcomes, including maternal anemia, low birth weight, and perinatal mortality. Deworming during pregnancy has therefore been strongly advocated, but its benefits have not been rigorously evaluated. In Entebbe, Uganda, 2507 pregnant women were recruited to a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigating ...
Allen Rebecca H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify characteristics associated with US obstetric and gynecology graduating residents' intention to provide pregnancy termination services in their clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed all 1148 fourth-year residents in obstetrics and gynecology graduating from US training programs in 2004. RESULTS: ...
Mook-Kanamori Dennis O - - 2010
CONTEXT: Adverse environmental exposures lead to developmental adaptations in fetal life. The influences of maternal physical characteristics and lifestyle habits on first-trimester fetal adaptations and the postnatal consequences are not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors and outcomes associated with first-trimester growth restriction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective evaluation ...
Sholapurkar S L - - 2010
Advice given to women regarding optimum interpregnancy interval (IPI) following spontaneous miscarriage remains controversial. There is robust evidence from many studies including a meta-analysis that after full term or pre-term delivery, IPIs of <18 months and >5 years are associated with increased risk of poor perinatal and maternal outcome. However, ...
van Batenburg-Eddes Tamara - - 2010
The objective of the study was to examine whether infant neuromotor development is determined by fetal size and body symmetry in the general population. This study was embedded within the Generation R Study, a population-based cohort in Rotterdam. In 2965 fetuses, growth parameters were measured in mid-pregnancy and late pregnancy. ...
Fujii Mai - - 2010
To assess perinatal risks to singleton births after in vitro fertilization (IVF) versus spontaneous conception. Cross-sectional. A 2006 registry database of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (JSOG) capturing 5.8% of total births. 53,939 singleton births from spontaneous conceptions and 1,408 singletons after IVF. None. Perinatal death, low-birth weight ...
Joao Esau C EC Serviço de Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias do HSE - Hospital dos Servidores do Estado, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. - - 2010
We evaluated the association between maternal antiretrovirals (ARVs) during pregnancy and infant congenital anomalies (CAs), utilizing data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development International Site Development Initiative Perinatal Study. The study population consisted of first singleton pregnancies on study, > or =20 weeks gestation, among women ...
Nezvalová-Henriksen Katerina - - 2010
To evaluate the safety of triptan therapy during pregnancy. Information on the safety of triptan therapy during pregnancy is scarce and only available for sumatriptan, naratriptan, and rizatriptan. No associations with congenital malformations have been detected so far, but one study found a significant association between sumatriptan exposure during pregnancy ...
Briese Volker - - 2011
To compare risks of pregnancy and birth in obese (body mass index, BMI ≥ 30) and normal weight women (BMI 18.5-24.99) giving birth to their first child. We analysed data of 243,571 pregnancies in primiparous women from the German perinatal statistics of 1998-2000. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) with 95% ...
Miyake Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Two previous cohort studies showed inverse relationships between maternal vitamin E and zinc intake during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and/or asthma in the offspring. We investigated the association between maternal intake of vegetables, fruit, and selected antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in ...
Clarke Jane F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the estimates of treatment effect in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in reproductive medicine differ when either clinical pregnancy or live birth is used as the outcome measure. DESIGN: Metaanalysis. SETTING: We analyzed RCTs in reproductive medicine found in systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Library that ...
Harley Kim G - - 2010
Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants is widespread, with 97% of Americans having detectable levels. Although PBDEs have been associated with reproductive and hormonal effects in animals, no human studies have examined their association with fertility. This study was designed to determine whether maternal concentrations of PBDEs in ...
Altieri Paola - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in a population of Italian parturients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study carried out in an academic hospital in Bologna, Italy, including 516 consecutive Italian women who delivered between January and April 2006. PCOS women, women with ...
You John J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The extent to which temporal increases in the use of prenatal ultrasonography reflect changes in maternal risk is unknown. In this population-based study, we examined the use of prenatal ultrasonography from 1996 to 2006 in Ontario. METHODS: With fiscal year 1996/97 as the baseline, we evaluated the relative risk ...
Farquhar Carey - - 2010
HIV-1 transmission in utero accounts for 20-30% of vertical transmission events in breast-feeding populations. In a prospective study of 463 HIV-1-infected mothers and infants, illness during pregnancy was associated with 2.6-fold increased risk of in-utero HIV-1 transmission [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-5.8] and bacterial vaginosis with a three-fold increase (95% ...
Burstyn Igor - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Standardized risk assessment plays an important role in providing medical care of uniform quality to pregnant women, even though it is not a substitute for clinical judgement. This study was designed to determine whether the antepartum risk score currently used across Alberta is associated with neonatal morbidity and adverse ...
Niederman Richard - - 2010
DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. INTERVENTION: Women found to have a periodontal disease were randomly allocated to receive periodontal treatment in midpregnancy (this was the treatment group; n = 542) or after the pregnancy was concluded (the control group; n = 540). Periodontal disease was defined as ...
Pugh Suzanne K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if pregnancies with an abnormal glucose challenge test (GCT) but a normal (GTT) are at increased risk for fetal macrosomia or an adverse pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective observational study matched women with an abnormal glucose challenge test and a normal GTT with the next patient ...
Knudtson Eric J - - 2010
Neisseria meningitidis is the second leading cause of invasive meningitis. A prerequisite for infection is colonization of the nasopharynx, and asymptomatic carrier rates are widely reported in the range of 10-15%. Recent reports have indicated an increased likelihood that a pediatric admission for Neisseria meningitidis will have a mother who ...
Barreto Enoch Q - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To assess the reliability of fetal heart volume measurement by three-dimensional sonography (3DUS) using the eXtended Imaging Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis (XI VOCAL) method. METHODS: This reliability study enrolled 30 pregnant women with singleton healthy pregnancies between 19 and 34 weeks of gestation. All volume acquirements were performed with ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome-including preterm births, low birth weight (LBW), large-gestational-age (LGA), and small-gestational-age (SGA)-among mothers with schizophrenia receiving typical, atypical, and no antipsychotics during pregnancy. They were all compared with control subjects. METHODS: We used population-based data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance ...
Schiff Melissa A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether air-bag deployment is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to assess the effect of air-bag availability and air-bag deployment on the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes among pregnant, front-seat occupants in motor vehicle crashes in Washington ...
Mulla Zuber D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous reports of anaphylaxis during pregnancy typically have involved single institutions and a few cases. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiologic features of anaphylaxis in women who gave birth in Texas. METHODS: Statewide public use hospital discharge data for 2004 and 2005 provided by the Texas Department of State Health ...
Azzato Elizabeth M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The teratogenic effects of the anti-epileptic drug phenytoin have been linked to genetic differences in phenytoin disposition. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of maternal genotype of functional polymorphisms in two genes involved in phenytoin metabolism, CYP2C9 (R144C, I395L) and EPHX1 (Y113H, H139R), on the ...
Simic M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible impact of maternal obesity on ultrasonographic dating of pregnancy. METHODS: The Swedish Medical Birth Registry was used to identify 842 083 singleton pregnancies for which the estimated date of delivery (EDD) according to last menstrual period (EDD-LMP) and according to ultrasound examination (EDD-US) and maternal ...
Jee Byung Chul - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of highly purified hMG (Menopur) with recombinant FSH (Gonal-F) in IVF/ICSI patients who underwent ovarian hyperstimulation with pituitary suppression. A literature search of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health (PubMed), Medline and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register was performed using the key ...
Broy Perrine - - 2010
Although the relationship between antidepressant use during pregnancy and its adverse effects has been widely investigated, very few studies have evaluated the impact of antidepressant use during pregnancy on the risk of spontaneous abortion. We present an overview of the evidence relating to the association between antidepressant use during gestation ...
Townsend Claire L - - 2010
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for pregnant HIV-positive women reduces the risk of mother-to-child transmission, but is associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestation). We aimed to quantify the incremental risk-benefit ratio for HAART compared with zidovudine monotherapy with respect to these outcomes. Two-stage Monte Carlo ...
Bosteels Jan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although hysteroscopy is frequently used in the management of subfertile women, a systematic review of the evidence on this subject is lacking. METHODS: We summarized and appraised the evidence for the benefit yielded by this procedure. Our systematic search was limited to randomized and controlled studies. The QUOROM and ...
Nielsen Henriette Svarre - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Delivery of a boy has been reported to increase a woman's risk of recurrent miscarriage in subsequent pregnancies. We explored whether delivery of boys similarly increases the risk of a subsequent stillbirth. METHODS: We identified all Danish women delivering their first child (singleton) between 1980 and 1998 (n = ...
Aittasalo Minna - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the validity and repeatability of a short leisure time physical activity (LTPA) questionnaire during pregnancy. METHODS: Seventy-nine women with uncomplicated pregnancies and weeks' gestation </= 33 participated. After the first questionnaire (LTPAQ1) they entered 7-day LTPA and pedometer counts in a logbook and completed the second LTPA ...
Vefring Hege K - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a debilitating disorder affecting approximately 3% of pregnant women in the Western world. Although inconclusive, current evidence suggests that the renin-angiotensin system may be involved in hypertension. Therefore, our objective was to determine whether the genes for placental renin (REN) and maternal angiotensinogen (AGT) interact to influence the ...
Khashan Ali S - - 2010
Higher risks of preterm birth and small for gestational age babies have been reported in teenagers. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between first and second teenage pregnancies and preterm birth, birthweight and small for gestational age (SGA). All women aged 14 to 29 yrs who ...
Love Eleanor R - - 2010
To determine the optimum interpregnancy interval after miscarriage in a first recorded pregnancy. Population based retrospective cohort study. Scottish hospitals between 1981 and 2000. 30,937 women who had a miscarriage in their first recorded pregnancy and subsequently became pregnant. The primary end point was miscarriage, live birth, termination, stillbirth, or ...
Kornum Jette B - - 2010
Data on the safety of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in pregnancy are inconsistent. We examined associations between SSRI use during early pregnancy and risk of congenital malformations in infants. Set in Northern Denmark, our population-based prevalence study included 216,042 women who had a live birth after the 20th week of ...
Turner Michelle C - - 2010
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of previous observational epidemiologic studies examining the relationship between residential pesticide exposures during critical exposure time windows (preconception, pregnancy, and childhood) and childhood leukemia. Searches of MEDLINE and other electronic databases were performed (1950-2009). Reports were included if they were original epidemiologic studies ...
Ballester Ferran - - 2010
Maternal exposure to air pollution has been related to fetal growth in a number of recent scientific studies. The objective of this study was to assess the association between exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in a cohort in Valencia, Spain. Seven hundred and eighty-five ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2010
Bed rest used to be widely advised for women with a multiple pregnancy. The objective was to assess the effect of bed rest in hospital for women with a multiple pregnancy for prevention of preterm birth and other fetal, neonatal and maternal outcomes. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Pattison Neil - - 2010
Cardiotocography is a form of fetal assessment which simultaneously records fetal heart rate, fetal movements and uterine contractions to investigate hypoxia. The objective was to assess the effects of antenatal cardiotocography on perinatal morbidity and mortality and maternal morbidity. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register and ...
Young Gavin - - 2010
While not common, itching in pregnancy (not due to liver disease) can be distressing. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of treatment for itching in late pregnancy. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (January 2007). Randomised trials of treatments for itching in ...
van der Poel Nicolien - - 2010
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a recommended treatment for unexplained subfertility. The treatment involves the direct delivery of spermatozoa into the uterus using a catheter. Many factors influence the success of IUI treatments including the type of catheter used. To compare pregnancy-related outcomes from women undergoing intrauterine insemination cycles performed with ...
Williams Michelle A - - 2010
Migraine has been associated with sleep disorders in men and non-pregnant women, but little is known about sleep complaints among pregnant migraineurs. A cohort of 1,334 women was interviewed during early pregnancy. At the time of interview we ascertained participants' migraine diagnosis status and collected information about sleep duration before ...
Vikanes Ase - - 2010
To estimate the risk of hyperemesis gravidarum (hyperemesis) according to whether the daughters and sons under study were born after pregnancies complicated by hyperemesis. Population based cohort study. Registry data from Norway. Linked generational data from the medical birth registry of Norway (1967-2006): 544 087 units of mother and childbearing daughter ...
Alfirevic Zarko Z School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, Division of Perinatal and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Liverpool, First Floor, Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, UK, L8 - - 2010
Abnormal blood flow patterns in fetal circulation detected by Doppler ultrasound may indicate poor fetal prognosis. It is also possible false positive Doppler ultrasound findings could encourage inappropriate early delivery. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of Doppler ultrasound used to assess fetal well-being in high-risk ...
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