Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1226
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Williams G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the femur length of fetuses with myelomeningocele is shorter in the second and third trimesters compared with that of normal fetuses. METHODS: We retrospectively collected measurements of femur length, head circumference, biparietal diameter and abdominal circumference from detailed obstetric ultrasound studies performed during the second and ...
Kutzler Michelle A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of repeated low doses of maternally administered dexamethasone (DM) on growth in sheep during fetal life and the first 2 years of postnatal life. METHODS: Ewes received 3 courses of DM (1 course: four 2-mg intramuscular injections at 12-hour intervals) or saline beginning at 103, ...
Vahtiala Seija - - 2004
Transrectal or transabdominal examinations of 13 pluriparous reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) by ultrasonography from the start of mating until week 20 of gestation were conducted to find out when pregnancy could first be detected and to describe fetal development in early pregnancy. The examinations (n=35 per animal) were performed with ...
Chen Min - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Hypoplasia of the nasal bone of fetuses affected by trisomy 21 and other aneuploidies could be detected by prenatal ultrasound examination and was an important new marker in the detection of Down syndrome in the second trimester. Racial differences in fetal nasal bone length have been reported. However, there ...
Longo D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of measuring fetal femur and humerus length at 11-14 weeks of gestation in screening for chromosomal defects. METHODS: Femur and humerus lengths were measured using transabdominal ultrasound in 1018 fetuses immediately before chorionic villus sampling for karyotyping at 11-14 weeks of gestation. In the group ...
Kelekci Sefa - - 2004
The aim of this study was to present our preliminary data about nasal bone measurements at 11-14 weeks of pregnancy. This study was conducted in our prenatal unit between 2000 and 2003. A total of 642 pregnant women (single pregnancies) were enrolled into the study. During the first trimester of ...
Schild R L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To improve sonographic birth-weight prediction by developing fetal gender-specific formulae. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Two gender-specific formulae were produced from the data of 527 patients and the data of a further 349 patients were used to evaluate the formulae. Inclusion criteria were a singleton live fetus, ...
Todros T - - 2004
We reviewed 86 consecutive cases with fetal femur length (FL) below the 10th centile of our reference ranges at midtrimester ultrasonography. Three groups were identified based on perinatal outcome: normal infants (n= 28), newborns with structural and/or chromosomal anomalies (n= 40), small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns (n= 18). Fetuses with skeletal ...
Dare F O - - 2004
Our objective was to verify ultrasonic measurement of biparietal diameter and femur in foetal age determination in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. The prospective cross sectional study was carried out at the ultrasound department of Aberdeen Maternity Hospital Scotland. The study population consisted of 716 pregnant Scottish (Caucasian) ...
Schwärzler P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Female fetuses, on average, weigh less than male fetuses at all gestational ages. The purpose of this study was to compare female and male fetuses in terms of intrauterine ultrasound growth measurements and to develop gestational-age-related charts based on a computerized perinatal database. METHODS: This was a retrospective study ...
Ryo Eiji - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the changes in the size of maternal inferior vena cava (IVC) during normal pregnancy. METHODS: The diameter and the area of IVC were measured in 32 non-pregnant and 214 pregnant women by ultrasonography. They were measured not only in the supine but also in the complete left ...
Newhall K A - - 2003
We report on the penetration of cylindrical projectiles dropped from rest into a dry, noncohesive granular medium. The cylinder length, diameter, density, and tip shape are all explicitly varied. For deep penetrations, as compared to the cylinder diameter, the data collapse onto a single scaling law that varies as the ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2003
Because fetal humerus dysplasia is associated with a variety of congenital syndromes, prenatal assessment of the fetal humerus growth is very important. The fetal humerus volume is one of the indexes in evaluating the humerus growth, but it has never been studied by 3-D ultrasound (US) in utero. To establish ...
Lof Marie - - 2004
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is a technique of interest in the study of human pregnancy because it can assess extracellular (ECW), intracellular (ICW), and total body water (TBW) as ECW plus ICW. The technique requires appropriate resistivity coefficients and has not been sufficiently evaluated during the reproductive cycle. Therefore, in a ...
Pinette Michael G - - 2003
PURPOSE: Our aim in this retrospective sonographic study was to describe the normal growth and development of fetal external genitalia. METHODS: We reviewed the sonograms of anatomically normally fetuses, obtained over a 5-year period, and measured transverse scrotal diameter or penile length in male fetuses and bilabial diameter in female ...
Kakushima Mototaka - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: This study focused on the effects of leg length discrepancy on the motion of the normal spine during gait in healthy male volunteers who wore a heel-raising orthotic device on the right foot. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of leg length discrepancy on the changes in curvature of ...
Makrydimas G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively the value of demographic characteristics and ultrasound findings in the prediction of subsequent fetal loss in pregnancies with live fetuses at 6-10 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Transvaginal ultrasound examination was performed in 866 pregnancies at 6-10 weeks of gestation. The relation of demographic data and ultrasound ...
Chavez Martin R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to construct an institution-specific transverse cerebellar (transcerebellar) diameter nomogram with special emphasis in the third trimester and to compare its ability to predict gestational age with previously published nomograms. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional nomogram was constructed using transcerebellar diameter measurements in 24,026 well-dated singleton fetuses ...
Guariglia Lorenzo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to construct nomograms of femur/foot length and humerus/foot length ratios in early pregnancy by transvaginal sonography. METHODS: In the period 1994-2000, 1,008 singleton pregnant patients were examined from 62 to 116 days of gestation using transvaginal high-resolution ultrasound technique. As a part of biometric survey femur, ...
De Paepe Monique E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of existing imaging-derived formulas for predicting the fetal lung volume (FLV). METHODS: In a consecutive series of postmortem lungs without pulmonary anomalies, the observed FLV (FLV(obs)) after inflation was correlated with individual fetal variables used in imaging-derived formulas. In addition, FLV(obs) was correlated with the ...
Son Hwancheol - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the flaccid and stretched penile sizes of young Korean men and their complexes or pride about their penile size. METHODS: After an explanation and agreement to the purpose and methods of this study, 123 Korean men in their early 20's visiting the Jinhae Military General Hospital were ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2003
The assessment of the fetal brain volume (BV) is very important in the evaluation of fetal growth. The purpose of this study is to use the three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US) in constructing reference centiles of the fetal BV during normal gestation for clinical application. This study was undertaken by a ...
Rao Ashutosh V - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of three-dimensional sonographic measurements of the common bile duct compared with standard two-dimensional anteroposterior measurement of the common duct. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive patients referred for abdominal sonography underwent standard two-dimensional abdominal sonography followed by three-dimensional sonographic data acquisition of the right upper quadrant. A radiologist ...
Pang M W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of maternal and pregnancy characteristics on fetal biometric size using longitudinal ultrasound measurements and to construct customized models for fetal biometric size charts. METHODS: A cohort of 533 healthy pregnant women with normal singleton pregnancies were recruited for regular ultrasound examination for fetal biometry between ...
Dowis Hawkins J - - 2003
The swimming kinematics of the eastern Pacific bonito Sarda chiliensis at a range of sustained speeds were analyzed to test the hypothesis that the bonito's swimming mode differs from the thunniform locomotor mode of tunas. Eight bonito (fork length FL 47.5+/-2.1 cm, mass 1.25+/-0.15 kg) (mean +/- S.D.) swam at ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2003
Liver volume (LIVV) is very important in determining the status of fetal growth. However, to measure human fetal LIVV in utero precisely and noninvasively is not an easy task. With the recent advancement of three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US), the limitation in assessing fetal LIVV by 2-D US can be overcome. ...
Ashrafunnessa - - 2003
Infants born for small for date (SFD) fetuses have an increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Different methods have been applied to identify these fetuses including history, clinical examination and ultrasonography. Ultrasonography has a better predictive value and majority of such fetuses can be identified. Measurements of the fetal ...
Anderson Nigel G - - 2003
The sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of fetal renal pelvic dilatation for detecting vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) can only be determined by performing voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) on all newborns in a study population. We sought to determine this for infants with a family history of reflux. From June 1989 to ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2003
We attempted to construct normal reference centiles of fetal lung volume (LV) for clinical application by using three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US) during normal gestation. A prospective study was performed on 195 healthy fetuses with gestational age (GA) ranging from 20 to 40 weeks for the assessment of fetal LV using ...
Zelop Carolyn M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of race and ethnicity on the expected humeral length based on biparietal diameter measured in second-trimester fetuses. METHODS: We searched our ultrasound, obstetric, and cytogenetic databases from 1995 through 2001 for all fetuses who underwent an anatomic survey between 15 and 22 weeks' gestation. Fetuses ...
Mongelli M - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy of ultrasound dating formulae in the late second trimester of pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A dataset of 136 singleton pregnancies conceived by artificial reproductive techniques was studied to assess the accuracy of ultrasound dating formulae in the late second trimester, and compared with early second ...
Salomon L J - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Although advances in ultrasound have facilitated the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities in the first trimester, fetal biometry at this stage of pregnancy remains underused in prenatal diagnosis. We hypothesized that charts which directly correlate measurements to crown-rump length (CRL) could be more accurate than those based on gestational age ...
Iams Jay D - - 2003
When extremely preterm birth is anticipated, a reliable estimate of neonatal outcome is essential for the parents and health care providers who face difficult management decisions. Estimates of birth weight and gestational age are most commonly used for this purpose. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal ...
Yeo Lami - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of a fetal ear length nomogram in the prenatal detection of fetal aneuploidy and to determine whether ear smallness in cases of aneuploidy is a primary or secondary event. METHODS: Ear lengths of 447 singleton fetuses (October 1996 to October 1997)were prospectively evaluated between 14 ...
Serhatlioglu Selami - - 2003
PURPOSE: Absence of the cavum septum pellucidum (CSP), the cisterna magna (CM), or both, and enlargement of either or both structures are associated with various central nervous system malformations. In an effort to determine normal sizes and relationships between these cranial structures, we measured the CSP and CM in normal ...
Henrichs Christine - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine if abdominal circumference (AC) can identify macrosomia (> or = 4,000 g) at or beyond 37 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively, parturients at term admitted for delivery underwent sonographic mensuration of AC. A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to determine if AC can differentiate between normal (birth ...
Figueras Francesc - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative prognostic value of ultrasound findings during the first-trimester scan by univariate and logistic regression analysis in a group of asymptomatic women. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 125 asymptomatic pregnant women with a singleton conceptus, concordance between menstrual age and crown-rump length, and documented fetal activity, ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2003
Accurate assessment of the fetal organ volumes is very important in the evaluation of fetal well-being and maturation. Previous investigators have pointed out that fetal thigh volume (ThiV) may be a useful predictive factor of intrauterine growth retardation. Yet, 2-D ultrasound (US) is limited in assessing fetal ThiV accurately. With ...
Mayhew Terry M - - 2003
Patterns of fetoplacental angiogenesis and villous growth vary in pregnancies complicated by different forms of fetal hypoxia. This study uses stereological estimators to examine absolute and relative dimensions of villi and fetal capillaries in cases of preplacental hypoxia due to pregnancy at high altitude. Placental samples were drawn from well-defined ...
Fok T F - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To provide a database of the canthal measurements of Chinese infants born in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 2,371 healthy singleton, born consecutively at the Prince of Wales Hospital and the Union Hospital from June 1998 to June 2000, were included ...
Nahum Gerard G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of 25 ultrasonic algorithms for the estimation of term fetal weight and to compare these results to an equation that is based on maternal and pregnancy-specific characteristics alone. STUDY DESIGN: Ultrasonography was performed in 82 nondiabetic gravid women at ...
Zalel Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To construct a normal range for the internal diameter of the fetal descending colon and rectum during gestation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study including 379 healthy pregnant women with normal singleton pregnancies at 19-40 weeks of gestation. Measurements of the fetal descending colon (maximum internal ...
Hansen Katrine - - 2003
To establish accurate reference ranges for the entire second trimester, we documented organ weights, body weight, and linear measurements for 597 fetuses and neonates with gestational ages ranging from 12 to 26 wk. We determined the mean and standard deviation for weights and measurements at each week of gestation using ...
Falco P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This was a prospective observational cohort study to evaluate the outcome and prognostic criteria of pregnancies with first-trimester bleeding and a gestational sac <or=16 mm without a demonstrable embryo. METHODS: Criteria for admission into the study included: (1) first-trimester bleeding; (2) a transvaginal scan performed upon admission demonstrating a ...
Poutanen T - - 2003
Modern echocardiographic techniques allow precise measurements of interventricular septum thickness by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and M-mode echocardiography. The advantage of 2DE is the more accurate estimate in cases in which the shape of the septum differs from normal. However, the usefulness of measurements by 2DE is limited due to the ...
von Kaisenberg C S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish comprehensive transabdominal ultrasonographic reference ranges for viable normal singleton human fetuses at 11-14 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Single transabdominal ultrasound measurements were taken once per pregnancy at a gestational age of between 11+0 and 14+0 weeks (crown-rump length, 45-84 mm), in viable singleton fetuses with nuchal translucency < ...
Herrera Emilio A - - 2002
Sixty-three pregnant llamas of known breeding date were used in this study. Forty-six of them were submitted to surgery between 186 and 320 days of gestation (52-91% of average gestation period, respectively). Under general anesthesia their fetuses were exteriorized and fetal weight (W), biparietal diameter (BPD) and femoral (F), tarsus-hoof ...
Surányi Andrea - - 2003
The object of this study was to investigate the fetal biparietal diameter/kidney length ratio in normal and hyperechogenic kidneys during the 3rd trimester of gestation. Screened pregnancies were chronically hypoxic [i.e. intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)]. Depending on the renal manifestation of the intrauterine chronic hypoxia, the cases were divided into ...
Zalel Yaron - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To establish a nomogram for early fetal kidney development during early gestation. METHODS: The study is a prospective, cross-sectional evaluation of 275 male and female fetuses between 13 and 22 weeks in normal singleton pregnancies. Measurements of fetal kidney length were performed by high resolution transvaginal ultrasonography between 14 ...
Figueras Francesc - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish normal reference intervals for biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, and length of femur, a cross-sectional study. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred singleton fetuses for each week at gestations between 23 and 41 weeks with a total of 9500 fetuses. Antenatal ultrasound measurements from all consecutive pregnant women ...
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