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Ozat Mustafa - - 2011
The present study aims to establish a more sensitive nomogram of fetal sacral length measurements, as well as to specify the accuracy of fetal sacral length for the ultrasonographic assessment of gestational age. The present study investigated a total of 2,184 pregnant women who were referred for routine pregnancy follow-up. ...
Turner Stephen W - - 2010
BACKGROUND The origins of respiratory disease might be traced back to exposures during fetal life. The aim of the present study was to explore whether there was a relationship between fetal size and respiratory outcomes at 5 years of age in the context of fetal exposure to vitamin E. METHODS ...
Moon M H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in-utero development of the fetal anal sphincter using transabdominal ultrasound. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which the diameter of the fetal anal sphincter was measured sonographically once in 631 well-dated, non-anomalous fetuses scanned between 19 and 38 weeks of gestation. Visualization rates were determined. ...
Bjørnerem Ashild - - 2010
Bone size is a determinant of bone strength and tracks in its percentile of origin during childhood and adolescence. We hypothesized that the ranking of an individual's femur length (FL) is established in early gestation and tracks thereafter. Fetal FL was measured serially using 2D ultrasound in 625 Norwegian fetuses. ...
Odeh M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Absence or congenital anomalies of the parotid glands are associated with significant long-term morbidity. To date there are no published data on ultrasonographic detection of these defects in early pregnancy. We set out to demonstrate and measure the fetal parotid and submandibular salivary glands at 14-16 weeks using transvaginal ...
Proctor L K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review the performance of a variety of biometry formulae for estimated fetal weight (EFW) in the management of severely growth restricted fetuses with abnormal umbilical artery Doppler at a single perinatal institution. METHODS: Forty-three pregnancies were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: chromosomally/ structurally normal fetus; complete ultrasound biometry ...
Chalouhi G E - - 2011
Objective. We evaluated the biometric values of first trimester measurements for prediction of delivery date by computing new dating formulas and evaluating them within the same settings in a large population. Methods. We studied unselected pregnancies undergoing first trimester ultrasound examination by a single experimented sonographer. We used 331 pregnancies conceived by ...
Verwoerd-Dikkeboom C M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Innovative imaging techniques, using up-to-date ultrasonic equipment, necessitate specific biometry. The aim of our study was to test the possibility of detailed human embryonic biometry using a virtual reality (VR) technique. METHODS: In a longitudinal study, three-dimensional (3D) measurements were performed from 6 to 14 weeks gestational age in ...
Dos Santos Rizzi Maria Christina - - 2010
We sought to establish normative data for fetal liver volume (FLV) between 27 and 38 weeks' gestation using three-dimensional ultrasonography. The study design was a longitudinal prospective study involving 53 participants. A total of 250 FLV measurements were obtained, using the multiplanar method with 3.0-mm intervals. Polynomial regressions with adjustments ...
Nardozza Luciano Marcondes Machado - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare different three-dimensional (3D) methods in the assessment of gestational sac volume (GSV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study involving 74 normal pregnancies between 7 and 11 weeks. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics, S?o Paulo Federal University (UNIFESP). METHODS: GSV was measured through 3D ultrasound using the planimetric, virtual organ computer-aided analysis ...
Srisupundit Kasemsri - - 2011
To create a nomogram for fetal splenic circumference of normal fetuses. A prospective, cross-sectional study was undertaken on normal pregnancies with certain date from 14 to 40 weeks of gestation. All fetuses were measured for fetal splenic circumference by tracing technique on transverse view of the fetal abdomen, using high-resolution real-time ...
Hackett Lauren K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Determination of fetal sex is an important part of detailed second-trimester ultrasonography. This task can be hindered by the fetal position, a low amniotic fluid volume, and advanced gestational age. Identification of fetal sex is further important in multiple gestations and prior histories of indeterminate-sex pregnancies. The goal of ...
Goldstein I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine sonographic dimensions of the fetal facial profile in normal pregnancy. METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of 397 normal healthy fetuses at 14-33 weeks of gestation. After exclusion of the small numbers of patients at the upper GAs, 379 patients between 14.0 and 26.9 weeks of ...
Kinare Arun S AS DM, Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Center, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to describe fetal size on sonography in a rural Indian population and compare it with those in European and urban Indian populations. Methods. Participants were from the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study of India. Fetal growth curves were constructed from serial ultrasound scans at approximately ...
Aguilera Inmaculada - - 2010
Few studies have used longitudinal ultrasound measurements to assess the effect of traffic-related air pollution on fetal growth. We examined the relationship between exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and aromatic hydrocarbons [benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m/p-xylene, and o-xylene (BTEX)] on fetal growth assessed by 1,692 ultrasound measurements among 562 pregnant women ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2010
We sought to establish normative data for three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) first-trimester embryonic volume using the extended imaging virtual organ computer-aided analysis (XI VOCAL) technique. This cross-sectional study involved 64 normal pregnancies at 7 to 10 + 6 weeks' gestation. Embryonic volume was obtained on 3DUS using the XI VOCAL technique ...
Drews Barbara - - 2011
The bonobo, Pan paniscus, is one of the most endangered primate species. In the context of the Bonobo Species Survival Plan(®) , the Milwaukee County Zoo established a successful breeding group. Although the bonobo serves as a model species for human evolution, no prenatal growth curves are available. To develop ...
Sameni Reza - - 2010
The field of electrocardiography has been in existence for over a century, yet despite significant advances in adult clinical electrocardiography, signal processing techniques and fast digital processors, the analysis of fetal ECGs is still in its infancy. This is, partly due to a lack of availability of gold standard databases, ...
Papaioannou George I - - 2010
Objectives: To construct normal ranges for embryonic crown-rump length (CRL), heart rate (HR), gestational sac diameter (GSD) and yolk sac diameter (YSD) at 6-10 weeks of gestation. Methods: We examined 4,698 singleton pregnancies with ultrasound measurements of CRL, HR, GSD and YSD at 6-10 weeks and CRL at 11-13 weeks ...
Salomon Laurent J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a population-based nomogram based on 1st trimester ultrasound examination as an independent predictor of the remaining days of pregnancy. METHODS: Fetal measurements were collected in singleton pregnancies undergoing first trimester examination. We prospectively collected actual date of delivery. Predictions of the median interval and key ...
Degnan Andrew J - - 2010
We report a case of ileal atresia with meconium peritonitis evaluated by fetal MRI. Prenatal ultrasounds in the third trimester initially demonstrated a cystic abdominal mass that resolved with development of dilated bowel loops. Fetal MRI at 32 weeks gestation identified a perihepatic collection with several dilated small bowel loops ...
Srisantiroj Nattinee - - 2009
To determine the correlation between actual birthweight (BW) and fetal weight calculated from fractional thigh volume (ThiV). The authors have conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study of normal Thai fetal thigh volume. There were 176 eligible pregnant women who met the criteria of singleton with no fetal anomaly were recruited into ...
Udomwan Piyarat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish reference ranges for the transverse aortic arch diameter (TAD) and distal aortic isthmus diameter (DAID) in normal singleton pregnancies (14-40 weeks) based on the 3-vessel/trachea (3VT) view of cardio-spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) volume data sets. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was ...
Abbassi-Ghanavati Mina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To establish normal reference ranges during pregnancy for common laboratory analytes. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a comprehensive electronic database review using PUBMED and MEDLINE databases. We also reviewed textbooks of maternal laboratory studies during uncomplicated pregnancy. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We searched the databases for studies investigating various laboratory ...
Tepper Ronnie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish a new reference angle chart for fastigial biometric measurements throughout gestation in normal singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was designed. A total of 505 pregnant women between 20 and 40 weeks' gestation were included in the study. Excluded were ...
Bagratee J S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To create reference intervals of gestational sac volume (GSV), yolk sac volume (YSV), embryo volume (EV), crown-rump length (CRL) and gestational sac diameter (GSD) in the first trimester of pregnancy using three-dimensional ultrasound. METHODS: Women in the first trimester of pregnancy were invited to participate in the study. Inclusion ...
Nicolson M - - 2009
James Willocks (1928-2004), a Glasgow obstetrician, was an important pioneer of obstetric ultrasound and the originator of the first clinically useful technique of fetal cephalometry. He collaborated with Tom Duggan, an engineer, who designed and built an electronic cephalometer to be used in conjunction with a Kelvin Hughes industrial flaw ...
Borenstein M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the novel three-dimensional (3D) tool, Sonography-based Automated Volume Count (SonoAVC) in the calculation of gestational sac volume at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation, to correlate the measurements with those obtained using Virtual Organ Computed-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) and to study the reproducibility of ...
Albay Soner - - 2010
PURPOSE: In this study, our objective was to investigate the development of the gallbladder, its morphological structure and relationship with the adjacent organs during the fetal period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 human fetuses (60 males, 58 females) between 9 and 40 weeks of gestation without any external ...
Landis S H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To create a fetal size nomogram for use in sub-Saharan Africa and compare the derived centiles with reference intervals from developed countries. METHODS: Fetal biometric measurements were obtained at entry to antenatal care (11-22 weeks' gestation) and thereafter at 4-week intervals from pregnant women enrolled in a longitudinal ultrasound ...
Law L W - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate which ultrasound or biochemical markers in both the first and the second trimesters are the best predictors for fetal growth and small-for-gestational age (SGA). METHODS: This was a prospective study of 619 Chinese women with a singleton pregnancy. At 11 to 13 + 6 weeks, fetal crown-rump ...
Hunnam J C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine bovine fetal characteristics significantly associated with increasing gestational age as measured via transcutaneous ultrasonography over the right flank. METHODS: The length of gestation at date of pregnancy diagnosis via transcutaneous and transrectal ultrasonography was determined for 224 dairy cattle by estimation from subsequent calving dates. A separate ...
Kim Dae-Yun - - 2009
PURPOSE: A decreased percent of differential function is a common indication for infant pyeloplasty but there is no recognized fetal ultrasound parameter to predict this deficit. We determined whether there is a correlation between fetal pyelectasis and the newborn percent differential function that may enhance prenatal counseling and guide postnatal ...
Horton Amanda L - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate patterns of intrauterine growth in fetal gastroschisis. This was a retrospective review of prenatally diagnosed cases of fetal gastroschisis delivered at the University of North Carolina Hospital from January 2000 to January 2007. Fetal growth (biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur ...
Rajan Priya V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the sonographic difference of > or = 2.6 cm between the fetal abdominal diameter (AD) and biparietal diameter (BPD), a proxy for fetal asymmetry, has an association with shoulder dystocia in nondiabetic women with suspected macrosomia. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 3 ...
Odeh Marwan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure and determine normal values of the fetal eyeball volume between 14 and 40 weeks of gestation. METHODS: The volume of the fetal eyeball was measured with three-dimensional ultrasound between 14 and 40 weeks of gestation using the VOCAL software.Only singleton pregnancies without fetal growth restriction, diabetes mellitus, ...
Rutten M J - - 2009
The purpose of this prospective longitudinal study was to evaluate the growth of the fetal cerebellar volume by means of 3-D ultrasound to evaluate whether there is a difference between the volumes of the left and right cerebellar hemispheres, and to evaluate the intra- and interobserver reliability of two different ...
van Houten Vera A A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine which fetal and postnatal growth characteristics are associated with blood pressure (BP) in children at the age of 2 years. METHODS: This study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study from early fetal life onwards. Fetal ultrasound examinations were carried out at ...
Hronek Miloslav - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The equation for the prediction of resting energy expenditure (REE) during pregnancy is unknown. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to determine a new equation for prediction of REE in pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 152 randomly recruited healthy pregnant Czech women (nonsmokers, not users of chronic ...
Nardozza L M M - - 2009
The aim of the study was to establish normative data for placental volume (PV) at 7-10+6 weeks of gestation using three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS). The cross-sectional study involved 70 healthy pregnancies between 7 and 11 weeks. The VOCAL (Virtual Organ Computer-aided Analysis) method with a 30 degrees rotation angle and six ...
Amer Hussein A - - 2010
This study was conducted to use B-mode trans-rectal (TR) and trans-abdominal (TA) ultrasonography to determine early pregnancy and fetometry as crown-rump-length (CRL) and bi-parietal-diameter (BPD). A total of 110 does aged between 8 and 36 months were used. The accuracy for detecting early pregnancy (fetal fluids and heartbeats) and fetal ...
Rolo Liliam Cristine - - 2010
PURPOSE: To establish normative data for amniotic fluid volume (AFV) between 7 and 10+6 weeks gestation using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 74 normal pregnancies was performed to assess AFV. All measurements were performed using an endocavitary volumetric transducer. The VOCAL (virtual organ computer-aided analysis) method was ...
Chanthasenanont Athita - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Recent findings have suggested that ductus venosus blood flow in the first trimester may be influenced by fetal gender. The aim of the present study was to investigate further the influence of fetal gender on ductus venosus (DV) pulsatility index (PI) and diameter at gestational age 17-37 weeks. MATERIAL ...
Martins Wellington P - - 2009
We intend to verify if fetal volume and crown-rump length were different between singletons and twins in pregnancies aged from 7 to 10 weeks and to evaluate if fetal volume is more accurate to determine the gestational age than crown-rump length at this gestational age. From 52 days (7 weeks ...
Lee W - - 2009
The main goal was to investigate the relationship between prenatal sonographic parameters and birth weight in predicting neonatal body composition. Standard fetal biometry and soft tissue parameters were assessed prospectively in third-trimester pregnancies using three-dimensional ultrasonography. Growth parameters included biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), mid-thigh circumference ...
Cromi A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with decreased thymus size in the human fetus. METHODS: The thymus perimeter was measured in 60 consecutive IUGR fetuses at prenatal ultrasound examination. IUGR was defined as an abdominal circumference (AC) <5(th) centile. Sixty controls were identified by ...
Rolo L C - - 2009
The embryo volume (EV) is an important parameter for the early diagnosis of growth disorders. The objective of this study was to establish normal data for EV at 7-10 weeks' gestation with three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS). A cross-sectional study involving 50 pregnancies was performed. An endocavitary volumetric transducer (3D5-8EK) was used ...
Lee W - - 2009
The main goals were to provide normal reference ranges for fractional limb volume as a new index of generalized fetal nutritional status, to evaluate the reproducibility of fractional fetal limb volume measurements during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and to demonstrate technical considerations for this technique. This was ...
Bottomley Cecilia - - 2009
Measurement of embryonic or foetal size using the greatest length of the embryo or foetal crown rump length can be used to accurately determine the gestational age of a normal first trimester pregnancy to within three to five days. Transvaginal ultrasound scan can be used to measure the size of ...
Sahota D S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To develop a sonographic dating formula based on fetal crown-rump length (CRL) in a Hong Kong Chinese population, quantify its systematic prediction error and compare its performance with established dating formulae. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of women with a spontaneously conceived singleton pregnancy and a regular ...
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