Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1253
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Sayres Lauren C LC Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, - - 2011
Cell-free fetal nucleic acids circulating in the blood of pregnant women afford the opportunity for early, noninvasive prenatal genetic testing. The predominance of admixed maternal genetic material in circulation demands innovative means for identification and analysis of cell-free fetal DNA and RNA. Techniques using polymerase chain reaction, mass spectrometry, and ...
Ventolini G - - 2011
Placental dysfunction is a term to describe suboptimal placental function leading to variations in the fetal supply of all its necessary required nutrients as well as the disruption in the cleansing of fetal catabolic products. The dysfunctional placenta may interrupt the manufacturing of other essential factors involved in pregnancy conservation, ...
Gyamfi Bannerman Cynthia - - 2011
In 2008, a National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine-sponsored workshop on electronic fetal monitoring recommended a new fetal heart tracing interpretation system. Comparison of this 3-tier system with other systems is lacking. Our purpose was to determine the relationships between fetal heart rate categories for ...
Kesmodel Ulrik S - - 2011
Background:  Most pregnant women in Denmark say they have not talked to their midwives about alcohol in pregnancy, and they have mostly been advised that some alcohol intake is all right. From 1999 to 2007, the Danish National Board of Health advised pregnant women that some alcohol intake was acceptable. ...
Ville Yves - - 2011
Progress in prenatal diagnosis can lead to the diagnosis of severe fetal abnormalities for which natural history anticipates a fatal outcome or the development of severe disability despite optimal postnatal care. Intrauterine therapy can be offered in these selected cases. Prenatal diagnosis is the only field of medicine in which ...
Boyon Charlotte - - 2011
For a long time, the conventional view was that the fetus and maternal vascular system are kept separate. In fact there is a two way traffic of cells through the placenta and the transplacental passage of cells is in fact the norm. The fetal cells can persist in a wide ...
Geaghan Sharon Markham - - 2011
Maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility is common but less commonly results in hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). HDFN is associated with greater peak bilirubin, at an earlier age, and for longer duration than other causes of hyperbilirubinemia. It poses a substantial risk for kernicterus and accounts for the ...
Skagerstróm Janna - - 2011
Many pregnant women continue to drink alcohol despite clinical recommendations and public health campaigns about the risks associated with alcohol use during pregnancy. This review examines the predictors of prenatal alcohol use, with the long-term goal of developing more effective preventive efforts. A literature search of several databases for relevant ...
Richardson Sandra - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is known to be associated with certain birth defects, but the risk of other birth defects is less certain. The authors examined associations between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and craniosynostosis, omphalocele, and gastroschisis among participants in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a large, ...
Zenclussen Maria Laura - - 2011
Pregnancy establishment implies the existence of a highly vascularized and transient organ, the placenta, which ensures oxygen supply to the fetus via haemoproteins. Haem metabolism, including its catabolism by haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1), should be of importance in maintaining the homeostasis of haemoproteins and controlling the deleterious effects associated with haem ...
Van Leeuwen Peter - - 2011
Fetal breathing movements are associated with respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). We present an algorithm which processes RR interval time series in the time and frequency domain, identifying spectral peaks with characteristics consistent with fetal RSA. Tested on 50 data sets from the second and third trimester, the algorithm had a ...
Witlox Ruben S - - 2011
The widespread availability of high resolution ultrasound equipment and almost universal routine anatomy scanning in all pregnant women in the developed world has lead to increased detection of abnormalities in the fetal thorax. Already in the 1980s, large pleural effusions and significant macrocystic lesions in the fetus were easily detected ...
Lehraiki Abdelali - - 2011
The widespread consumption of soy-based products raises the issue of the reproductive toxicity of phytoestrogens. Indeed, it is well known that genistein, an isoflavone found in soybeans and soy products, mimics the actions of estrogens and that the fetal testis is responsive to estrogens. Therefore we investigated whether genistein could ...
Sha Xiao-yan XY Department of Obstetrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Centre, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510623, - - 2011
Maternal-fetal fluid balance is critical during pregnancy, and amniotic fluid is essential for fetal growth and development. The placenta plays a key role in a successful pregnancy as the interface between the mother and her fetus. Aquaporins (AQPs) form specific water channels that allow the rapid transcellular movement of water ...
Ramadoss Jayanth J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatal Research Laboratories, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53715, USA. - - 2011
Pregnancy-induced utero-placental growth, angiogenic remodeling, and enhanced vasodilation are all partly regulated by estradiol-17β-mediated activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) production. However, very little is known about the effects of alcohol on these maternal utero-placental vascular adaptations during pregnancy and its potential role in the ...
Davanos Nuikolaos - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma presents interest as it can possibly serve as a pregnancy associated biomarker. For its quantitation, we investigate the use of fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of short tandem repeats (STRs) in pregnancies irrespective of sex. METHODS: Artificially chimeric DNA samples were prepared ...
Eaton Beth - - 2011
Alcohol exposure during pregnancy has been shown to result in a spectrum of birth defects known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) that can negatively impact a child's growth, development, cognition, behavior and physical appearance over his or her entire lifespan. FASD is not a diagnostic term, unlike Fetal Alcohol ...
Longtine Mark S - - 2011
Normal function of the placenta is pivotal for optimal fetal growth and development. Fetal programming commonly is associated with placental dysfunction that predisposes to obstetric complications and suboptimal fetal outcomes. We consider several clinical phenotypes for placental dysfunction that likely predispose to fetal programming. Some of these reflect abnormal development ...
Demendi Csaba - - 2011
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition that may lead to severe complications. The authors report the case of a 17-week intact abdominal pregnancy diagnosed in the course of an investigation of lower abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and MR examination revealed an intact abdominal pregnancy. Subsequent angiography was performed to occlude the ...
Lebit Dr Florentina-Daniela DF University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Elias University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, - - 2011
Fetal behavior is defined as any fetal action seen by the mother or fetus diagnosed by objective methods such as cardiotocography (CTG) or ultrasound. Analysis of the dynamics of the fetal behavior with morphological studies has lead to the conclusion that fetal behavior patterns are directly reflecting development and maturation ...
Conde Ana - - 2011
Empirical studies have shown that fetal growth and activity can be affected by several risk factors, such as maternal anxiety, depression and tobacco or alcohol consumption. Caffeine intake has received less attention in the literature, as well as the analysis of the mutual interplay of the range of such risk ...
Saadai Payam - - 2011
Congenital CNS abnormalities have been targets for prenatal intervention since the founding of fetal surgery 30 years ago, but with historically variable results. Open fetal neurosurgery for myelomenigocele has demonstrated the most promising results of any CNS malformation. Improvements in the understanding of congenital diseases and in fetal surgical techniques ...
Wu Mei-Chu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of severe intra-abdominal bleeding from omental implants after laparoscopic linear salpingostomy for ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A medical center. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old woman, presenting 15 days after methotrexate (MTX) treatment for persistent EP (35 days after laparoscopic linear salpingostomy for EP). INTERVENTION(S): ...
Saha Sumona S Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1685 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705-2281, USA. - - 2011
Training in gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in pregnancy is required for all gastroenterology fellows. Nevertheless, the actual role of the gastroenterologist in the management of pregnant patients is unknown. Establishing the characteristics of GI consultations in pregnancy can help focus trainee education and prepare gastroenterologists for future practice. The purpose of ...
Reif Philipp - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of an acute hemoperitoneum caused by a ruptured ovarian cyst in a late twin pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. PATIENT(S): A woman with a history of surgery for endometriosis and currently pregnant with dichorionic ...
Wang Ralph - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to assess the performance of the β human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) "discriminatory zone" when using bedside pelvic ultrasonography in the evaluation of symptomatic pregnant emergency department (ED) patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of bedside pelvic ultrasonography performed on consecutive pregnant patients in the first ...
Clarke Jennifer G JG Brown University, 272 George St, Providence, RI 02906, - - 2011
More than 6 million men and 1 million women are under US correctional control, be it jail, prison, probation, or parole. On any given day, about 250,000 women and adolescent girls are behind bars, a number well in excess of those documented for all other sovereign nations. Moreover, women and ...
Jeong Jun-Soo - - 2011
Appendectomy is the most common nongynecologic surgery performed during pregnancy. Pregnancy is no longer considered an absolute contraindication for laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is a safe, effective, and beneficial procedure for the treatment of acute appendicitis. However, limited data are available regarding the safety and feasibility of LA during ...
Murariu Daniel - - 2011
Suspected cases of acute appendicitis in pregnancy are considered surgical emergencies due to the potentially devastating outcomes for both mother and unborn child if the appendix perforates. Acute appendicitis is also the number one cause of non-traumatic acute abdomen in pregnancy, as well as the number one cause of fetal ...
Shimizu Yoshihiko - - 2011
Laparoscopy has been performed in women with unexplained infertility, but the recent trend is to commence in vitro fertilization (IVF) without prior laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not laparoscopic surgery is necessary for these patients. With a diagnosis of unexplained infertility, 51 women underwent ...
Babovic I - - 2011
Velamentous insertion of the cord, or vasa previa, is a malady where fetal vessels tranverse membranes ahead of the fetal part. The incidence of vasa previa is 1: 2000-3000 deliveries. Fetal mortality is over 50-75%. Early diagnosis is needed because these deliveries require emergency cesarean section; it is especially more ...
Shirokane Megumi - - 2011
We present here a case of isolated torsion of a left normal fallopian tube at 37 weeks' gestation. Although uncommon, especially on the left side, torsion of the fallopian tube should be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain during pregnancy.
Williamson Catherine - - 2011
Background/Aims: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is complicated by spontaneous preterm labor, fetal anoxia and unexplained fetal death. We aim to evaluate the mechanisms by which raised fetal bile acids cause placental abnormalities and fetal cardiac pathology. Methods: The study was performed using placental samples taken from ICP pregnancies, placental ...
Sato Naoaki - - 2011
Accurate assessment of fetal well-being is one of the most important tasks for obstetricians. It is still difficult to measure fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) during fetal movements. Recently, a new method, blind source separation with reference signals, was proposed for stable measurements. This method distinguishes weak signals from noisy mixed signals ...
Akers Katherine G - - 2011
Children whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy exhibit widespread brain abnormalities and a complex array of behavioral disturbances. Here, we used a mouse model of fetal alcohol exposure to investigate relationships between brain abnormalities and specific behavioral alterations during adulthood. Mice drank a 10% ethanol solution throughout pregnancy. When fetal ...
Peadon Elizabeth - - 2011
To explore women's alcohol consumption in pregnancy, and potential predictors of alcohol consumption in pregnancy including: demographic characteristics; and women's knowledge and attitudes regarding alcohol consumption in pregnancy and its effects on the fetus. We conducted a national cross-sectional survey via computer assisted telephone interview of 1103 Australian women aged ...
Walker Meghan J - - 2011
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy may potentially constitute a major public health concern in Canada but despite this, the available epidemiological data on both rates and predictors of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is limited. The present study assessed the prevalence and predictors of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy of women ...
Nodler James L JL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, - - 2011
► The hook effect occurs with extremely high levels of hCG, saturating detection antibodies, leading to falsely low laboratory results. ► In the literature, descriptions of the hook effect are rare in cases of gestational trophoblastic diseases. ► If unrecognized, this can lead to delayed therapy or mismanagement of care.
Trent Maria M Department of Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2011
To compare longitudinal adolescent and adult reproductive outcomes after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Secondary analysis of longitudinal data from the Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Evaluation and Clinical Health study. A large multicenter randomized clinical trial assessing PID treatment strategies in the United States. Eight hundred thirty-one female patients aged 14 to ...
Rooijakkers Michiel M Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Technology Eindhoven, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands. - - 2011
Non-invasive fetal health monitoring during pregnancy has become increasingly important. Recent advances in signal processing technology have enabled fetal monitoring during pregnancy, using abdominal ECG recordings. Ubiquitous ambulatory monitoring for continuous fetal health measurement is however still unfeasible due to the computational complexity of noise robust solutions. In this paper ...
Fanelli A A Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy. - - 2011
Fetal heart rate monitoring is fundamental to infer information about fetal health state during pregnancy. The cardiotocography (CTG) is the most common antepartum monitoring technique. Abdominal ECG recording represents the most valuable alternative to cardiotocography, as it allows passive, non invasive and long term fetal monitoring. Unluckily fetal ECG has ...
Hoyer Dirk D Biomagnetic Center, Hans Berger Department for Neurology, University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany. - - 2011
The increasing functional integrity of the organism during fetal maturation is connected with increasing complex internal coordination mediated by the autonomic nervous system. We hypothesize that time scales of complex and dynamic inter-dependencies over more than one heart beat interval reflect the increasing complex adjustments within the fetal organism during ...
Mesbah M M Centre for Clinical Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. - - 2011
Monitoring fetal wellbeing is a compelling problem in modern obstetrics. Clinicians have become increasingly aware of the link between fetal activity (movement), well-being, and later developmental outcome. We have recently developed an ambulatory accelerometer-based fetal activity monitor (AFAM) to record 24-hour fetal movement. Using this system, we aim at developing ...
Sulak Osman - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric development and location of the kidneys during the fetal period. Three hundred and forty-four fetal kidneys, obtained from 172 human fetuses and aged between 9 and 40 weeks, were used in this study. Fetuses were divided into four groups according to ...
Terzi Alpaslan - - 2010
Among appendicitis patients pregnant ones occupy only a small proportion. Still there are difficulties in the diagnosis and management of the acute appendicitis in pregnant population. We tried to find answers to these difficulties with our acute appendicitis cases in pregnant patients. This study involved 46 pregnant patients who received ...
Kozinszky Zoltan - - 2011
Although the possibility of ectopic pregnancy after intake of levonorgestrel (LNG) as an emergency contraceptive (EE) pill is well-known, the causality has not been well established. A 27-year-old nulliparous woman with regular menstrual periods took 1.5-mg LNG EE midcyclic 5 h after an unprotected intercourse. She had prolonged vaginal bleeding ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2011
To assess the value of fetal soft tissue volume (STV) of the upper arm in predicting small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US). We used 3D US to test the accuracy of fetal STV of the upper arm measurement in predicting SGA in a prospective cross-sectional study. Fetal STV ...
Garcia L - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate bowel diameter as a predictor of adverse outcome in isolated fetal gastroschisis. Retrospective study involving 94 singleton pregnancies. Ultrasound measurements of herniated bowel transverse diameter (BTD) were performed up to 3 weeks before delivery. Adverse outcome was intrauterine/neonatal death and/or bowel complications. Last BTD ...
Kim S N - - 2010
To identify the clinical and sonographic parameters at 37 weeks' gestation that predict the risk of Cesarean delivery in labor for nulliparas. This prospective observational study recruited nulliparas with singleton pregnancies at 37 weeks' gestation. Determination of the Bishop score, ultrasound measurement of the cervical length, and fetal biometry were ...
Canto Moreira Nuno - - 2011
To obtain measurements of the normal fetal brain before 24 weeks of gestation (GW), a deadline for medical decisions on fetal viability in a large number of countries. We retrospectively reviewed 70 normal MR examinations of fetuses aged GW 17 to 23. The fronto-occipital diameter, the cerebral bi-parietal diameter, the transverse ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >