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Longtine Mark S - - 2011
Normal function of the placenta is pivotal for optimal fetal growth and development. Fetal programming commonly is associated with placental dysfunction that predisposes to obstetric complications and suboptimal fetal outcomes. We consider several clinical phenotypes for placental dysfunction that likely predispose to fetal programming. Some of these reflect abnormal development ...
Demendi Csaba - - 2011
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition that may lead to severe complications. The authors report the case of a 17-week intact abdominal pregnancy diagnosed in the course of an investigation of lower abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and MR examination revealed an intact abdominal pregnancy. Subsequent angiography was performed to occlude the ...
Lebit Dr Florentina-Daniela - - 2011
Fetal behavior is defined as any fetal action seen by the mother or fetus diagnosed by objective methods such as cardiotocography (CTG) or ultrasound. Analysis of the dynamics of the fetal behavior with morphological studies has lead to the conclusion that fetal behavior patterns are directly reflecting development and maturation ...
Conde Ana - - 2011
Empirical studies have shown that fetal growth and activity can be affected by several risk factors, such as maternal anxiety, depression and tobacco or alcohol consumption. Caffeine intake has received less attention in the literature, as well as the analysis of the mutual interplay of the range of such risk ...
Saadai Payam - - 2011
Congenital CNS abnormalities have been targets for prenatal intervention since the founding of fetal surgery 30 years ago, but with historically variable results. Open fetal neurosurgery for myelomenigocele has demonstrated the most promising results of any CNS malformation. Improvements in the understanding of congenital diseases and in fetal surgical techniques ...
Wu Mei-Chu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of severe intra-abdominal bleeding from omental implants after laparoscopic linear salpingostomy for ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A medical center. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old woman, presenting 15 days after methotrexate (MTX) treatment for persistent EP (35 days after laparoscopic linear salpingostomy for EP). INTERVENTION(S): ...
Saha Sumona S Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1685 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705-2281, USA. - - 2011
Training in gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in pregnancy is required for all gastroenterology fellows. Nevertheless, the actual role of the gastroenterologist in the management of pregnant patients is unknown. Establishing the characteristics of GI consultations in pregnancy can help focus trainee education and prepare gastroenterologists for future practice. The purpose of ...
Reif Philipp - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of an acute hemoperitoneum caused by a ruptured ovarian cyst in a late twin pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. PATIENT(S): A woman with a history of surgery for endometriosis and currently pregnant with dichorionic ...
Clarke Jennifer G - - 2011
More than 6 million men and 1 million women are under US correctional control, be it jail, prison, probation, or parole. On any given day, about 250,000 women and adolescent girls are behind bars, a number well in excess of those documented for all other sovereign nations. Moreover, women and ...
Wang Ralph - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to assess the performance of the β human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) "discriminatory zone" when using bedside pelvic ultrasonography in the evaluation of symptomatic pregnant emergency department (ED) patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of bedside pelvic ultrasonography performed on consecutive pregnant patients in the first ...
Jeong Jun-Soo - - 2011
Appendectomy is the most common nongynecologic surgery performed during pregnancy. Pregnancy is no longer considered an absolute contraindication for laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is a safe, effective, and beneficial procedure for the treatment of acute appendicitis. However, limited data are available regarding the safety and feasibility of LA during ...
Murariu Daniel - - 2011
Suspected cases of acute appendicitis in pregnancy are considered surgical emergencies due to the potentially devastating outcomes for both mother and unborn child if the appendix perforates. Acute appendicitis is also the number one cause of non-traumatic acute abdomen in pregnancy, as well as the number one cause of fetal ...
Shimizu Yoshihiko - - 2011
Laparoscopy has been performed in women with unexplained infertility, but the recent trend is to commence in vitro fertilization (IVF) without prior laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not laparoscopic surgery is necessary for these patients. With a diagnosis of unexplained infertility, 51 women underwent ...
Babovic I - - 2011
Velamentous insertion of the cord, or vasa previa, is a malady where fetal vessels tranverse membranes ahead of the fetal part. The incidence of vasa previa is 1: 2000-3000 deliveries. Fetal mortality is over 50-75%. Early diagnosis is needed because these deliveries require emergency cesarean section; it is especially more ...
Shirokane Megumi - - 2011
We present here a case of isolated torsion of a left normal fallopian tube at 37 weeks' gestation. Although uncommon, especially on the left side, torsion of the fallopian tube should be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain during pregnancy.
Williamson Catherine - - 2011
Background/Aims: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is complicated by spontaneous preterm labor, fetal anoxia and unexplained fetal death. We aim to evaluate the mechanisms by which raised fetal bile acids cause placental abnormalities and fetal cardiac pathology. Methods: The study was performed using placental samples taken from ICP pregnancies, placental ...
Sato Naoaki - - 2011
Accurate assessment of fetal well-being is one of the most important tasks for obstetricians. It is still difficult to measure fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) during fetal movements. Recently, a new method, blind source separation with reference signals, was proposed for stable measurements. This method distinguishes weak signals from noisy mixed signals ...
Akers Katherine G - - 2011
Children whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy exhibit widespread brain abnormalities and a complex array of behavioral disturbances. Here, we used a mouse model of fetal alcohol exposure to investigate relationships between brain abnormalities and specific behavioral alterations during adulthood. Mice drank a 10% ethanol solution throughout pregnancy. When fetal ...
Peadon Elizabeth - - 2011
To explore women's alcohol consumption in pregnancy, and potential predictors of alcohol consumption in pregnancy including: demographic characteristics; and women's knowledge and attitudes regarding alcohol consumption in pregnancy and its effects on the fetus. We conducted a national cross-sectional survey via computer assisted telephone interview of 1103 Australian women aged ...
Walker Meghan J - - 2011
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy may potentially constitute a major public health concern in Canada but despite this, the available epidemiological data on both rates and predictors of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is limited. The present study assessed the prevalence and predictors of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy of women ...
Nodler James L JL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, - - 2011
► The hook effect occurs with extremely high levels of hCG, saturating detection antibodies, leading to falsely low laboratory results. ► In the literature, descriptions of the hook effect are rare in cases of gestational trophoblastic diseases. ► If unrecognized, this can lead to delayed therapy or mismanagement of care.
Trent Maria M Department of Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2011
To compare longitudinal adolescent and adult reproductive outcomes after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Secondary analysis of longitudinal data from the Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Evaluation and Clinical Health study. A large multicenter randomized clinical trial assessing PID treatment strategies in the United States. Eight hundred thirty-one female patients aged 14 to ...
Sulak Osman - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric development and location of the kidneys during the fetal period. Three hundred and forty-four fetal kidneys, obtained from 172 human fetuses and aged between 9 and 40 weeks, were used in this study. Fetuses were divided into four groups according to ...
Terzi Alpaslan - - 2010
Among appendicitis patients pregnant ones occupy only a small proportion. Still there are difficulties in the diagnosis and management of the acute appendicitis in pregnant population. We tried to find answers to these difficulties with our acute appendicitis cases in pregnant patients. This study involved 46 pregnant patients who received ...
Kozinszky Zoltan - - 2011
Although the possibility of ectopic pregnancy after intake of levonorgestrel (LNG) as an emergency contraceptive (EE) pill is well-known, the causality has not been well established. A 27-year-old nulliparous woman with regular menstrual periods took 1.5-mg LNG EE midcyclic 5 h after an unprotected intercourse. She had prolonged vaginal bleeding ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2011
To assess the value of fetal soft tissue volume (STV) of the upper arm in predicting small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US). We used 3D US to test the accuracy of fetal STV of the upper arm measurement in predicting SGA in a prospective cross-sectional study. Fetal STV ...
Garcia L - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate bowel diameter as a predictor of adverse outcome in isolated fetal gastroschisis. Retrospective study involving 94 singleton pregnancies. Ultrasound measurements of herniated bowel transverse diameter (BTD) were performed up to 3 weeks before delivery. Adverse outcome was intrauterine/neonatal death and/or bowel complications. Last BTD ...
Kim S N - - 2010
To identify the clinical and sonographic parameters at 37 weeks' gestation that predict the risk of Cesarean delivery in labor for nulliparas. This prospective observational study recruited nulliparas with singleton pregnancies at 37 weeks' gestation. Determination of the Bishop score, ultrasound measurement of the cervical length, and fetal biometry were ...
Canto Moreira Nuno - - 2011
To obtain measurements of the normal fetal brain before 24 weeks of gestation (GW), a deadline for medical decisions on fetal viability in a large number of countries. We retrospectively reviewed 70 normal MR examinations of fetuses aged GW 17 to 23. The fronto-occipital diameter, the cerebral bi-parietal diameter, the transverse ...
Visser Annemarie M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine the associations between fetal growth characteristics in different trimesters of pregnancy and the occurrence of febrile seizures in early childhood. METHODS: This study was embedded in a population-based, prospective, cohort study from early fetal life onward. Fetal growth characteristics (femur length, abdominal circumference, estimated ...
Pardo Joseph - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between crown-rump length (CRL) and the risk of a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonate. Data were retrospectively collected on consecutive women with a healthy singleton pregnancy followed to delivery at our center from 2003 to 2006 who underwent nuchal translucency, pregnancy-associated plasma ...
Jehan Imtiaz - - 2010
To compare the accuracy of the reported date of the last menstrual period (LMP) with that of symphysis-fundal height (SFH) in the estimation of gestational age (GA), using an ultrasound (US) scan as reference. Gestational age was concurrently assessed by the 3 methods in this prospective, population-based, pregnancy-outcome study conducted ...
Wills Andrew K AK MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, - - 2010
We examined the differential associations of each parent's height and BMI with fetal growth, and examined the pattern of the associations through gestation. Data are from 557 term pregnancies in the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study. Size and conditional growth outcomes from 17 to 29 weeks to birth were derived from ...
Elchalal Uriel - - 2010
Ultrasonography has been applied previously to the assessment of the fetal anal canal. We aimed to examine the potential of 3-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) in the evaluation of the fetal anal canal and to obtain normal fetal anal canal measurements. Patients were recruited from an unselected population of gravidas with known ...
Kivilevitch Z - - 2010
The aims of this study were to establish normal ranges of values for interlens distance (ILD) during gestation, and to assess the correlation between ILD and growth of the orbits and other fetal biometric parameters. A cross-sectional study of morphologically normal, singleton fetuses was carried out in low-risk pregnant women. ...
Ozer Alev - - 2010
The present study aims to assign the reference values for nasal bone length (NBL) screened at 11-14 weeks of pregnancy in the Turkish population, determining whether the NBLs specified for Caucasians can be validated for Turkish people. The values of NBL were investigated in a total of 415 singleton fetuses ...
Blumenfeld Yair J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Approximately half of small for gestational age (SGA) cases are due to maternal or fetal pathology, and may result in significant neonatal morbidity and mortality. The estimated fetal weight (EFW) measurement is the cornerstone of ultrasonographic findings when diagnosing and managing SGA pregnancies. Our objective was to determine the ...
Mirlesse V - - 2010
To establish the ultrasonographic fetal growth charts of the pons and the vermis/pons ratio on a multioperator basis in low-risk pregnancies and provide a detailed description of the anatomical and ultrasonographic criteria of normal brainstem growth. A prospective, multicenter, multioperator, ultrasonographic study was conducted on 913 fetuses aged 21-36 weeks. ...
Rousian M - - 2010
The recent introduction of virtual reality (VR) enables us to use all three dimensions in a three-dimensional (3D) image. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate an innovative VR technique for automated 3D volume measurements of the human embryo and yolk sac in first trimester pregnancies. We analysed ...
Chiu W-H - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to determine the association between fetal nasal bone length (NBL) and gestational age (GA), biparietal diameter (BPD) and head circumference (HC) in women undergoing prenatal assessments and Down syndrome screening. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 3,003 women with singleton pregnancies who underwent a prenatal ...
Tantanasis T - - 2010
We used ultrasound to measure fetal subcutaneous fat in pregnancies with normal and abnormal glucose tolerance tests (GTT). Thirty-five women with singleton pregnancies between 24 and 26 weeks' gestation participated in our study. We measured fetal subcutaneous fat tissue thickness in 20 women with abnormal GTT (Group A, study group) ...
Wang Eileen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if gestational age (GA) at the time of ultrasound impacts the positive predictive value of shortened femur and humerus lengths (FL, HL) for trisomy 21 (T21). METHODS: Sonograms from 14 to 21 and 6/7 weeks' gestation were collected over a 28 month period. Multiple gestations or fetuses ...
Cheng Po-Jen - - 2010
This study was designed to establish a fetal spine nomogram for age 11 through 14 weeks of gestation and to document relations among fetal spine length, distance and angle. These parameters were prospectively measured during the first trimester of singleton pregnancies, along with nuchal translucency, over a 3-year period. A ...
Nicholas Sara - - 2010
Estimation of fetal weight is particularly challenging in fetuses with abdominal wall defects (AWDs). We sought to compare the accuracy and screening efficiency for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) of 2 recent sonographic formulas to those of the Hadlock formula (Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985; 151:333-337) in fetuses with AWDs. This ...
Lemos Andrea - - 2010
Muscle respiratory strength studies during pregnancy are very scarce. The aim of this paper is to describe maximum inspiratory (PImax) and expiratory (PEmax) mean pressure values in women during their first pregnancy and to determine the relationship between the anthropometric, morphologic and physiologic variables of these pressures. One hundred and ...
Sarris I - - 2010
Our objective was to determine what effect maternal BMI has on fetal growth rate in the early first trimester. This was a prospective observational study of singleton pregnancies with certain dates, initially presenting for a transvaginal scan (TVS) before 12 weeks of gestation. Maternal characteristics (BMI, ethnicity, maternal age, obstetric ...
Pexsters A - - 2010
The Robinson and Hadlock crown-rump length (CRL) curves are commonly used to estimate gestational age (GA) based on the CRL of an embryo or fetus. However, the Robinson curve was derived from a small population using transabdominal sonography and the Hadlock curve was generated using early transvaginal ultrasound equipment. The ...
Salvig J D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between maternal pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and fetal growth from the first to the second trimester. METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 8347 pregnant women attending prenatal care at Aarhus University Hospital were conducted. PAPP-A was measured during 8 to 14 gestational weeks. Fetal growth ...
Unsal Naim - - 2011
The present study aims to specify the significance of fetal maxillary length by establishing a nomogram for a Turkish population and by investigating its relationship with the ultrasonographic and biochemical parameters which are commonly used to screen trisomy 21 in the first trimester of pregnancy. The present observational study investigates ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2011
To access the yolk sac (YS) volume between 7 and 10 + 6 gestational weeks of pregnancy by threedimensional (3D) ultrasonography using extended imaging virtual organ computer-aided analysis (XI VOCAL) method. For this cross-sectional study, 64 pregnant patients between 7 and 10 + 6 gestational weeks were enrolled and normal pregnancies were ...
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