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Results 451 - 500 of 1226
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Karunasekera K A W - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to determine the accuracy of postnatal gestational age assessment of babies using three different methods. Two hundred women attending the university obstetric unit of North Colombo Teaching Hospital, Ragama, Sri Lanka whose expected date of delivery (EDD) by early ultrasonography fell within a ...
Rosati Paolo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To construct reference ranges of orbital diameters, measured in early pregnancy by transvaginal sonography. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2717 fetuses of pregnant women referred to our center and examined by transvaginal ultrasound between 11-16 week's gestation. Nomograms with confidence intervals (5th and 95th percentile) for each orbital ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Although most cases of Sotos syndrome are sporadic, familial cases have been described. In familial cases, the most likely mode of inheritance is autosomal dominant with variable expressivity. We present the perinatal imaging findings of an inherited case. CASE: This was the second pregnancy of a 32-year-old woman with ...
Ratanasiri Thawalwong - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of ultrasonic fetal weight estimation using the Hadlock's, Shepard's, Tongsong's and Hansmann's equations. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The analytical-cross sectional study was conducted on 102 pregnant women who were admitted for delivery in the Labor Room at Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University between ...
De Biasio P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate spine length as an indicator of skeletal growth in the first trimester of pregnancy and to provide a nomogram of spine length at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: The study was carried out on 420 single pregnancies, ...
Oh J S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transvaginal sonographic measurement of gestational sac diameter in pregnancies 28-42 days from the last menstrual period can predict whether a pregnancy results in a normal term birth or a spontaneous miscarriage. DESIGN: Gestational sac diameter was measured during the 4th and 5th weeks of gestation from ...
Pinar Halit - - 2002
The transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) is well established in the ultrasound literature as a reliable parameter for estimating the duration of gestation. In cases of growth restriction the cerebellum is usually spared, making TCD a reliable indicator of gestational age even when other parameters fall off the appropriate growth curve. ...
Husein Murad - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonography and videobronchoscopy in measuring the subglottic diameter in the paediatric population. DESIGN: A double-blinded, prospective clinical study carried out at the Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University. METHODS: Children undergoing non-life-threatening bronchoscopy for various reasons had the subglottic ...
Goldstein Israel - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterize normal growth of the fetal fourth ventricle on ultrasonography throughout pregnancy. METHODS: Consecutive biometric measurements and fetal organ scans were obtained from 299 patients undergoing fetal anatomic surveys between 13 and 40 weeks' gestation. Using 7- and 3.5-MHz transducers for early (13- to 17-week) and late (>17-week) ...
Chitty Lyn S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To construct new size charts for all fetal limb bones. DESIGN: A prospective, cross sectional study. SETTING: Ultrasound department of a large hospital. SAMPLE: 663 fetuses scanned once only for the purpose of the study at gestations between 12 and 42 weeks. METHODS: Centiles were estimated by combining separate ...
Ong Stephen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To create twin centile charts for size. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Aberdeen Maternity Hospital. METHODS: Ultrasound measurements of abdominal circumference (AC), biparietal diameter (BPD) and femur length (FL) for 1,011 twin pregnancies were extracted from a databank. The methodology is based on that described by Altman and Chitty [Br. ...
Gull I - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To assess the contribution of additional examiners to: the average discrepancy between estimated and actual fetal weights; the correlation between estimated and actual fetal weights; the reduction in major (> 10%) discrepancies between estimated and actual fetal weights. DESIGN: Three experienced sonographers independently measured fetal biparietal diameter, head circumference, ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2002
Fetal upper arm volume (UAV) is closely related to fetal growth and nutrition status. In the past, 2-D ultrasound (US) has shown limitations in assessing fetal UAV. With the recent advancement of 3-D US, the limitation in assessing fetal UAV by 2-D US can be overcome. To establish a reference ...
Riegel Thomas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhage control in endoscopic neurosurgery is critical because of the lack of suitable instruments for coagulation. One reason for this problem is that miniaturization of the instruments is still a technical problem. In this article, we present a solution: the use of bipolar microforceps with a small diameter of ...
Acharya G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform three-dimensional ultrasound volumetry of intrauterine contents in cases of normal and failed pregnancies and correlate these with conventional two-dimensional measurements. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Three-dimensional volumetric data were collected from a total of 111 patients with first-trimester singleton ...
Ronalds G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies showing that impaired fetal growth has long-term adverse health consequences have depended on crude measures of fetal growth such as overall weight or length. For future studies, there is a need to develop improved morphological markers of fetal growth which persist into adult life. Recent studies have ...
Konje J C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application of kidney length measurement to the determination of gestational age between the 24th and 38th weeks and to compare its accuracy with that of other fetal biometric indices. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-three women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies underwent standard ultrasound fetal biometry and kidney length measurement ...
Tovbin J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To construct prenatal age-specific reference intervals for measurement of five digits in normal fetuses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study of fetuses assessed at an antenatal ultrasound unit in a university-affiliated general hospital. The study cohort comprised 302 pregnant women attending our clinic for routine fetal biometry or anomaly ...
De Biasio P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To calculate reference ranges for fetal limb measurements obtained by transabdominal ultrasound at 10-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Six hundred and six normal fetuses were examined transabdominally in a cross-sectional study by a single observer. The crown-rump length of the fetuses ranged from 31 to 78 mm. Measurement of ...
Degani S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To construct nomograms for cranial base parameters of normal fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of 386 normal singleton fetuses at 14-40 weeks' gestation. Measurements of the length and width of the sphenoid bone anteriorly and the otic cartilage posteriorly and of the angles between the ridges were obtained. ...
Sase M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this observational study was to construct an ultrasound index of fetal gastric size for the prenatal detection of congenital digestive tract obstruction. SUBJECTS: A total of 386 fetal measurements were performed in routine ultrasonographic examinations of women with normal singleton pregnancies between 18 and 39 weeks ...
Zambelli D - - 2002
We ultrasonographically evaluated the prenatal development in cats, from the early phases to Day 30 of pregnancy, subjecting a group of pregnant cats (n = 12) to a daily ultrasonographic exam. The ultrasonographic images allowed us to measure the minor diameter of the gestational sac and the crown-rump length of ...
Kuno Atsushi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the growth of the fetal liver in normal pregnancies and to evaluate the ability of fetal liver volume measurement for prediction of small-for-gestational-age fetuses. METHODS: Three-dimensional sonographic examinations were performed on 14 appropriate-for-gestational-age and 10 small-for-gestational-age fetuses. Liver volume and liver length were measured every 2 weeks ...
Dilmen G - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To present normal lens and orbital measurement ranges by gestational age. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-five women with uneventful pregnancies were evaluated from the 15th to the 40th week of gestation. Lens and orbital measurements were added to routine biometric measurements for normal fetuses. RESULTS: A strong linear correlation ...
Nomiyama M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish normal values for fetal aortic isthmus diameter in late gestation and to identify any changes in aortic isthmus dimensions and morphology in pathological conditions. METHODS: In this prospective study, the fetal aortic isthmus was evaluated in 110 low-risk pregnant women at between 30 and 40 weeks of ...
Rosati P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To propose new mathematical formulae to estimate fetal long bone biometry in early pregnancy and to establish their efficacy in comparison to previously constructed mathematical formulae. METHODS: A study population of 1960 singleton euploid fetuses was referred for transvaginal ultrasound examinations between 71 and 112 days of gestation prior ...
Zalel Yaron - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To establish a nomogram for fetal thymus size during gestation. METHODS: The study is a prospective, cross sectional evaluation of 403 male and female fetuses between 14 and 38 weeks of normal singleton pregnancies. Measurements of fetal thymus size were performed by high resolution transvaginal ultrasonography between 14 and ...
Zalel Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish a nomogram for fetal vermis measurements during gestation. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study of normal singleton pregnancies. Measurements of the fetal vermis width (in the axial plane) and height (in the sagittal plane) were performed by high-resolution transabdominal ultrasonography between 18 and 38 weeks of gestation in ...
Duncombe G J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To develop an ovine model of fetal bladder outflow obstruction and to investigate the effect on the kidney of surgical relief of the obstruction in the prenatal period. METHODS: Ultrasound examination and amniocentesis were performed on 68 date-bred pregnant ewes at day 57 of pregnancy (term = 150 days). ...
Noia G - - 2002
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: The fetal-lamb model is a fundamental tool for developing clinical applications for the treatment of human fetal pathology (e.g., open fetal surgery). Accurate estimation of gestational age is important to avoid size-related problems during surgery. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of twinning on ovine fetal growth, we ...
Guariglia Lorenzo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To construct nomograms of orbital diameters in early pregnancy by transvaginal sonography. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study was performed on 923 consecutive normal singleton pregnancies from 10 to 16 weeks of gestation, using transvaginal high-resolution ultrasound technique. The interocular distance (IOD), binocular distance (BOD), as well ...
Le Thuy T - - 2002
Nine projective linear measurements were taken to determine morphometric differences of the face among healthy young adult Chinese, Vietnamese, and Thais (60 in each group) and to assess the validity of six neoclassical facial canons in these populations. In addition, the findings in the Asian ethnic groups were compared to ...
Greenwood Paul L - - 2002
The use of ultrasound to estimate stage of pregnancy was assessed in 32 ewes of a prolific genotype carrying 7 singleton fetuses and 9 twin, 10 triplet and 6 quadruplet litters that were scanned on six occasions from 60 to 120 days of gestation. At least one ultrasound measurement per ...
Endres L K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the intraobserver and interobserver variability in calculating three-dimensional fetal brain volumes and to examine the relationship between these volumes and biparietal diameter and head circumference measurements and estimated gestational age. METHODS: Eighty-five subjects between 16 and 40 completed weeks' gestation participated in the Institutional Review Board-approved study. ...
Kalache K D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: There is no information on ultrasonographic visualisation of the upper airways in the sheep fetus, but this species permits to examine the accuracy of ultrasonography in measuring the inner tracheal diameter. This was the aim of our study. METHODS: Transabdominal ultrasonography to visualise the trachea was attempted in 16 ...
van den Broe N R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine the range of erythrocyte sedimentation rate values obtained in healthy pregnant women. To examine the effect of gestational age and haemoglobin concentration on erythrocyte sedimentation rate. SETTING: Queen Charlotte's Hospital, London, UK. DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive study. Population Healthy pregnant women attending for routine outpatient antenatal visits ...
Sase M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract performs the digestion, propulsion, and absorption of nutrients both pre- and postnatally, although little is known about the development of fetal motility. We evaluated the development of GI motility using a novel fetal rabbit model. METHODS: Nine pregnant rabbits were obtained and three litters were ...
Achiron R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference ranges during human pregnancy for normal fetal corpus callosum dimensions. DESIGN: In a prospective, cross-sectional study of 258 fetuses between 16 and 37 weeks of gestation, measurements of the length, width, and thickness at the level of the anterior mid-body of the corpus callosum were performed, ...
Ghezzi F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Experimental and clinical evidence have shown that the morphometry of the umbilical cord in the second half of gestation might be useful in predicting adverse perinatal outcome. The purposes of this study were to generate a nomogram for the umbilical cord diameter in the first trimester and, in an ...
Hashimoto K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the change in ultrasonographic (US) appearance of the fetal cerebellum with advancing gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 291 normal fetuses of uncomplicated pregnancies were evaluated at gestational ages (GAs) between 15 and 41 weeks with a 3.75-MHz transabdominal curvilinear probe. After the transcerebellar view was ...
Ozka─čnici A - - 2001
This study was conducted in an effort to determine the normal landmarks in the eyelids and eyebrows of newborns and the relationships between them. We also correlated all measurements with gender and head circumferences. The anthropometric measurements were performed on 86 normal term newborns (40 males and 46 females) in ...
Pinnington H C - - 2001
This study aimed to assess the accuracy of the Cosmed K4b2 (Cosmed, Italy) portable metabolic system that measures FEO2, FECO2 and VE on a breath by breath basis. For gas concentration comparisons, expired air from 20 subjects performing treadmill running was collected in a 600 litre chain compensated Collins Tissot ...
Duncan K R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To quantify longitudinal increases in fetal, fetal liver, and fetal brain volume using echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging and to quantify the results using appropriate statistical modeling. METHODS: Fifty-six singleton fetuses were studied using echo-planar (snap-shot) magnetic resonance imaging, between 19 weeks and term. They were assessed at a variety ...
Stevens-Simon C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study compares skinfold caliper and sonographic measurements of the amount and distribution of subcutaneous adipose tissue teenagers gain during pregnancy to test three hypotheses: (1) skinfold caliper and sonographic measurements of subcutaneous adiposity are highly correlated in pregnancy; (2) the extent to which the skinfold caliper heads compact ...
Nager C W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical factors that contribute to posterior perineal laceration length. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study was performed in 80 consenting, mostly primiparous women with term pregnancies. Posterior perineal lacerations were measured immediately after delivery. Numerous maternal, fetal, and operator variables ...
Ghezzi F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To generate a nomogram for the sonographic measurement of Wharton's jelly area (WJA) during gestation and to investigate whether WJA is related to fetal biometric parameters. METHOD: The sonographic cross-sectional area of the umbilical cord and of its vessels was measured in 659 fetuses between 15 and 42 weeks ...
Malinger G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the normal appearance and development of the fetal cerebellar vermis using mid-sagittal planes obtained by transvaginal sonography. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 101 fetuses were evaluated by transvaginal sonography between 21 and 39 weeks of gestation. The mid-sagittal antero-posterior and cranio-caudal vermian diameters, circumference and surface ...
Thame M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of second-trimester placental volume measured sonographically to predict birth size. METHODS: A total of 712 women were recruited from the antenatal clinic of the University Hospital of the West Indies; 561 fulfilled the study criteria and progressed to delivery. Placental volume and fetal anthropometry (biparietal ...
Karabulut A K - - 2001
This study investigated the value of prenatal ultrasonographic measurements of sacrum as a predictor of in utero development and gestational age (GA), and to make a comparison between the data obtained by ultrasonography and dissection. A prospective cross-sectional study of ultrasonography was conducted in 186 pregnant women with uneventful single ...
Varol F - - 2001
Monitoring fetal growth and assessing its predictors have important place in antenatal care management. Accurate prediction of gestational age (GA) and birth weight (BW) is clinically important. Standard growth curve chosen should be evaluated to see if it satisfies the criteria for a valid assesment. In this paper, for the ...
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