Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1328
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O'Leary Colleen M - - 2007
It is well accepted that heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a risk factor for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, but research findings for exposure to low to moderate alcohol levels during pregnancy are equivocal, allowing a range of interpretations. The 2001 guideline from the National Health and Medical Research Council ...
Rayburn William F - - 2007
This short communication represents a systematic review of the literature about beer drinking during gestation. A Medline search was undertaken of articles based on the criterion that beer and pregnancy were in the abstract and central to the article. Manuscripts were to be published in English in peer review medical ...
De Genna Natacha M NM University of Pittsburgh and Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (WPIC), Program in Epidemiology, Suite 138, 4415 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2007
The goal of this study was to examine the effects of early and adverse experiences with sex and alcohol on adolescent drinking the year before and during pregnancy. Pregnant adolescents, recruited at an outpatient prenatal clinic, were interviewed about their substance use. A subsample was asked about their first sexual ...
Nagata Chisato - - 2007
High levels of estrogen during pregnancy have been hypothesized to increase the risk of breast cancer in offspring. Some studies have reported a positive association of estrogen level during pregnancy with fetal size, which has been linked to the subsequent risk of breast cancer in offspring. We examined whether maternal ...
Iveli María Florencia - - 2007
This study explores the effects of light maternal ethanol consumption during pregnancy on the appearance of minor malformations in neonates as well as on the contractile properties of their umbilical cord arteries (UCAs). Clinical external findings of newborns of women declaring light ethanol consumption during any period of their pregnancies ...
Wijayawardhane Nayana - - 2007
Aniracetam is a nootropic compound and an allosteric modulator of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) which mediate synaptic mechanisms of learning and memory. Here we analyzed impairments in AMPAR-mediated synaptic transmission caused by moderate prenatal ethanol exposure and investigated the effects of postnatal aniracetam treatment on these abnormalities. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Gross Eric A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: American Indians (AI's) have the lowest rate of seatbelt use in the nation, putting them at significant risk for motor vehicle crash (MVC) morbidity and mortality. This study compares seatbelt use in victims of level one trauma crashes presenting from on and off AI reservations. Predictors of seatbelt use ...
Magnusson Asa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We examined alcohol use disorders, psychiatric symptoms and personality traits in women reporting alcohol use during pregnancy. METHODS: In a pilot cohort (n=139), subjects were screened for alcohol use disorders, and assessed for psychopathology, personality traits, and alcohol use during the first trimester. Those reporting consumption exceeding a conservative ...
Lung Shih-Chun Candice - - 2007
Exposure assessment studies for particulates have been conducted in several U.S. and European cities; however, exposure data remain sparse for Asian populations whose cultural practices and living styles are distinct from those in the developed world. This study assessed personal PM(10) exposure in urban residents and evaluated PM(10) indoor/outdoor levels ...
Zeni Olga - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the induction of reactive oxygen species in murine L929 fibrosarcoma cells exposed to radiofrequency (RF) radiation at 900 MHz, with or without co-exposure to 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX), a potent environmental carcinogen produced during chlorination of drinking water. Both continuous-wave and GSM mobile phone ...
Colombié Sophie - - 2007
The monitoring of alcoholic fermentation under enological conditions is currently poor due to the lack of sensors for online measurements. Such monitoring is currently limited to the measurement of CO(2) production or changes in density. In this study, we determined the potential value of measuring electrical conductivity. We showed that ...
Stein Aryeh D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies in humans have related maternal undernutrition to the size of the adult offspring. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess whether reductions in food intake by pregnant women during the Dutch famine of 1944-1945 were related to offspring length, weight, and indexes of adiposity in middle age. DESIGN: ...
Colvin Lyn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High alcohol intake in pregnancy has been linked to abnormal fetal development. There are limited published data in Australia on standard drinks of alcohol consumed on a typical occasion during the periconceptional period or pregnancy. METHODS: During 1995 to 1997, a 10% random sample of all nonindigenous women giving ...
Loughlin Kevin R - - 2007
The pregnant patient presents a unique diagnostic challenge to the urologist because the well-being of both the mother and fetus must be considered. Radiation exposure to the fetus during gestation presents risks such as cell death and teratogenic effects, carcinogenesis, and genetic effects, which must be considered when selecting diagnostic ...
Spohr Hans-Ludwig - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), with the full phenotype, and fetal alcohol effect (FAE), with some but not all of the features, can be combined under the umbrella term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). STUDY DESIGN: We investigated the long-term sequelae of intrauterine alcohol exposure ...
Garcia-Bournissen Facundo - - 2007
Cocaine use during pregnancy is difficult to ascertain, and maternal reports are likely to be inaccurate. Presently, the dose-response characteristics between maternal cocaine use and fetal exposure and adverse effects are unknown. Clinically, some babies are harmed, whereas others are not adversely affected. Taking advantage of the fact that cocaine ...
Lemola S - - 2007
Although drinking and smoking during pregnancy can have hazardous effects to exposed children, a certain number of pregnant women continues to consume alcohol and nicotine. It was investigated whether physicians and midwives in Switzerland ask pregnant women about their drinking and smoking habits. A self-report questionnaire was used to assess ...
Harding Gary W - - 2007
Infrasound (i.e., <20 Hz for humans; <100 Hz for chinchillas) is not audible, but exposure to high-levels of infrasound will produce large movements of cochlear fluids. We speculated that high-level infrasound might bias the basilar membrane and perhaps be able to minimize noise-induced hearing loss. Chinchillas were simultaneously exposed to ...
Torres-Sánchez Luisa - - 2007
Evidence suggests that p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethene (DDE) affects neurodevelopment in infants, although a critical exposure window has not yet been identified. Our goal was to assess the prenatal DDE exposure window and its effect on the psychomotor development index (PDI) and mental development index (MDI) during the first year of life. We ...
Henderson J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review systematically the available evidence on studies in humans on the effects of low-moderate levels of prenatal alcohol consumption (up to 10.4 UK units or 83 g/week) compared with consumption of no alcohol on pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: Systematic review. POPULATION: Pregnant women ...
Martínez Susana E - - 2007
Alcohol abuse produces damaging effects on the CNS that leads to several types of disorders. When consumed during pregnancy, alcohol may cause craniofacial malformations, growth retardation and brain damage in offspring. These symptoms are grouped by the term fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is the most common cause of non-genetic ...
Niemelä Onni - - 2007
Studies over the past two decades have indicated that protein modifications by acetaldehyde, the first metabolite of ethanol, are generated in the circulation as a result of alcohol abuse and play a major role in the pathogenesis of ethanol-induced diseases. Acetaldehyde can react with nucleophilic groups forming both stable and ...
Ceccanti Mauro - - 2007
In Italy, little is known about the spectrum of adverse fetal effects related to maternal alcohol use during pregnancy. In this paper, we report on the phenotype of Italian children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). These data were gathered as part of a field study assessing the prevalence of ...
Leonardson Gary R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A substance use screening instrument was used to determine factors predictive of drinking during pregnancy. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to negative birth outcomes. METHODS: The participants (n = 4,828) for the study were sampled from pregnant women attending prenatal clinics in Montana, South Dakota, and North Dakota. ...
Calhoun Faye - - 2007
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), the most severe manifestation of the adverse effects of alcohol on foetal development, was first described in the French medical literature by Lemoine et al. in 1968 [Les Gfants des parents alcholiques: anomalies observes a propos de 127 cas (The children of alchoholic parents: anomalies observed ...
Gallot Denis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, many neonates affected by less apparent forms of fetal alcohol syndrome disorder (FASD) do not receive proper diagnosis or treatment. There is thus a need for laboratory markers for early detection of alcohol-exposed neonates. The aim of our study was to assess the ...
Rudeen P Kevin - - 2007
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) occurs in approximately 3 of 1,000 live births in the general population of the U.S. and is the leading known cause of mental retardation. The Midwest Regional Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Training Center (MRFASTC) surveyed 1,000 licensed occupational therapists (OT) of the American Occupational Therapists Association in ...
Xue Fei - - 2007
Pregnant women receive mixed messages about fish consumption in pregnancy because unsaturated fatty acids and protein in fish are thought to be beneficial, but contaminants such as methylmercury may pose a hazard. In the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) study, women were enrolled in the 15th to 27th week ...
Balachova Tatiana N - - 2007
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a severe outcome of alcohol use during pregnancy, and the rates may be higher in countries with greater use of alcohol. To obtain information from Russian physicians (N = 23), women (N = 23), and male partners (N = 5), focus groups were conducted with 51 ...
Gentile S - - 2007
We describe the case of a pregnancy healthy outcome after in utero consecutive exposure to lamotrigine and citalopram.
Shankar Kartik K Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, - - 2007
Metabolism of alcohol (i.e., ethanol) is regulated by genetic and environmental factors as well as physiologic state. For a given alcohol intake, the rate of alcohol clearance, which ultimately determines tissue ethanol concentrations, may be the most significant risk factor for many of the detrimental effects of alcohol. Faster ethanol ...
Sifontis Nicole M - - 2006
Animal and limited human studies have raised concerns as to the safety of in utero exposure to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and sirolimus (SRL) in transplant recipients. This study examined the outcomes of pregnancies with exposure to MMF or SRL from 30 female transplant recipients (39 pregnancies) who have reported pregnancies ...
Villanueva Cristina M - - 2007
In the framework of a cohort study of pregnant women conducted in Brittany (France), we assessed the exposure to trihalomethanes (THM) during pregnancy in a subset by evaluating (1) potential sources of variability in household THM levels; (2) the between- and within-subject variability in THM levels; (3) THM levels in ...
Damgaard Ida N - - 2007
Prenatal exposure to alcohol can adversely affect the fetus. We investigated the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and cryptorchidism (undescended testis) among newborn boys. We examined 2,496 boys in a prospective Danish-Finnish birth cohort study for cryptorchidism at birth (cryptorchid/healthy: 128/2,368) and at 3 months of age (33/2,215). ...
Robbins James M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code for fetal alcohol effects has declined during the past 10 years among hospitalized newborns in the United States. DESIGN: Trends in use of the ICD-9-CM code 760.71, "alcohol affecting the fetus," among newborns ...
Cui Chun - - 2006
When pregnant women abuse methamphetamine, the foremost concern is the potential adverse effect of this substance on fetal development. Clinical studies in humans have found that exposure to methamphetamine during brain development can cause neurobehavioral abnormalities, such as aggressive behavior, learning problems, and poor social adaptation. In the present study, ...
Weselak Mandy - - 2007
In humans, immune development begins early in embryonic life and continues throughout the early postnatal period. Although a number of pesticides have been observed to induce developmental immunotoxicity in mice, few human studies have examined the long term effects of in utero pesticide exposure on childhood morbidity. Empirical evidence suggests ...
Elliott Elizabeth J - - 2006
AIM: To measure paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and alcohol use during pregnancy. METHODS: Postal survey of paediatricians in Western Australia in 2004. Of 179 eligible paediatricians, 132 (73.7%) responded (90 consultant paediatricians and 42 paediatric trainees). RESULTS: Of the 132 respondents, 18.9% identified all ...
Bobo Janet Kay - - 2006
PURPOSE: To support efforts to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), population-based data are needed on the prevalence of alcohol use at any time during gestation, particularly among women who were recent and at-risk drinkers. METHODS: We used National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experiences in Youth (NLSY) files to estimate ...
Correa Adolfo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Industrial hygienists' assessments of prenatal occupational exposures based on parental job histories is a promising approach for population-based case-control studies of birth defects and other perinatal outcomes. However, evaluations of inter-rater agreement of such assessments have been limited. METHODS: We examined inter-rater agreement of occupational lead exposure assessments of ...
Edwards Erika M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Despite warnings to abstain from alcohol, American women who are or could become pregnant still drink. This study evaluates whether women who consume alcohol are at an increased risk of recognizing pregnancy later than women who do not, adjusting for confounding factors that have been associated with alcohol consumption ...
Williams Megan K - - 2006
We previously reported widespread insecticide exposure during pregnancy among inner-city women from New York City. Here we report on a pilot intervention using integrated pest management (IPM) to reduce pest infestations and residential insecticide exposures among pregnant New York City African-American and Latina women (25 intervention and 27 control homes). ...
Chang Grace - - 2007
This study evaluated stage of change as a predictor of alcohol use in a sample of 301 pregnant women who were either in the precontemplation (62%) or in the action (38%) stage of change in their first trimester. Stage of change distinguished between different patterns of alcohol consumption before and ...
Bairy K L KL Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, - - 2007
Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is the most commonly prescribed antidepressant drug for pregnant women. Studies regarding the teratogenic effect of fluoxetine on human and animal models are mainly concerned with structural malformation (congenital anomalies). Hence, the present study was planned to evaluate the postnatal behavioral effects of fluoxetine ...
Parnell Scott E - - 2006
This work was conducted in an effort to establish an oral intake model system in which the effects of ethanol insult that occur during early stages of embryogenesis can be easily examined and in which agents that may modulate ethanol's teratogenicity can be readily tested in vivo. The model system ...
Fok Tai F - - 2007
This study was designed to examine newborn infants in Hong Kong prenatally exposed to levels of methylmercury considered to increase risk of neurotoxic effects and to examine subject characteristics that modify the degree of prenatal mercury exposure. Mercury concentrations in 1057 sets of maternal and cord blood samples and 96 ...
Savitz David A - - 2006
Previous research has suggested that exposure to elevated levels of drinking water disinfection by-products (DBPs) may cause pregnancy loss. In 2000-2004, the authors conducted a study in three US locations of varying DBP levels and evaluated 2,409 women in early pregnancy to assess their tap water DBP concentrations, water use, ...
Gemma Simonetta - - 2007
Alcohol-related damages on newborns and infants include a wide variety of complications from facial anomalies to neurodevelopmental delay, known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). However, only less than 10% of women drinking alcohol during pregnancy have children with FAS. Understanding the risk factors increasing the probability for newborn exposed in ...
Guerrini Irene - - 2007
The "dyad: alcoholic mother and foetus" is a very complex entity in which several elements such as genes, metabolism, diet, drugs and social habits play a role at different stages in the development of the fetal brain damage. The literature on the effects of alcohol consumption on the developing brain ...
Gahagan Sheila - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal exposure to alcohol interferes with fetal development and is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify current knowledge, diagnosis, prevention, and intervention practices related to fetal alcohol syndrome and related conditions by members of the American Academy ...
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