Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1329
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Zammit Sonia L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study had two aims: (1) to examine pregnant women's alcohol consumption across time from prepregnancy until childbirth and (2) to explore whether prepregnancy drinking and intention to drink predict prenatal alcohol consumption while controlling for relevant demographic variables. METHODS: At 17-21 weeks, 248 pregnant women completed questions about ...
Yokota Satoshi - - 2009
Diesel exhaust (DE) is composed of particles and gaseous compounds. It has been reported that DE causes pulmonary and cardiovascular disease. We have previously reported that fetal exposure to DE had deleterious effects to the reproductive system of mice offspring. However, there is still little known about the effects of ...
Spohr Hans-Ludwig - - 2008
The present review describes the different variants of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) as a consequence of maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy. According to international findings, some 3000 to 4000 affected newborns may be expected annually in Germany. Detection of these individuals in clinical practice is insufficient. Selective review of ...
Torres-Sanchez Luisa - - 2008
Anogenital distance (AGD) at birth is regarded as a useful measurement that reflects the prenatal androgenic status in rodents. However, the impact of xenoantiandrogens on human development is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential antiandrogenic impact of prenatal DDT metabolites (p,p'-DDE and p,p'-DDT) exposure ...
Sharpe Tanya T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Poor women of childbearing age who use crack, cocaine, marijuana, and heroin may be at risk for having an alcohol-exposed pregnancy because of concurrent alcohol use. Women who use illicit drugs may not know the harmful effects of fetal alcohol exposure. Fetal alcohol exposure is a leading cause of ...
Nicolaïdis Stylianos - - 2008
Epigenetic influences on the fetus's genotype have been shown to occur during intrauterine life. Experimentally imposed extracellular dehydration in pregnant rats (a model for human hyponatremia caused by gravidic vomiting) brings about a dramatic enhancement of salt appetite not only in the dam, but also in offspring when they reach ...
Hughes Suzanne C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study compared pregnant Latinas' report of alcohol use for the 3-month period before pregnancy recognition with two different methods of data collection, in an attempt to identify opportunities for improved screening. METHODS: Data were collected for 53 pregnant Latinas who have ever drunk alcohol and who were receiving ...
Tenkku Leigh E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the likelihood that women of different racial and ethnic groups would reduce their alcohol consumption during pregnancy. METHODS: Data came from 22 states participating in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from 2001 to 2005. After stratifying the sample by preconception ...
Ettinger Adrienne S AS Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2009
Prenatal lead exposure is associated with deficits in fetal growth and neurodevelopment. Calcium supplementation may attenuate fetal exposure by inhibiting mobilization of maternal bone lead and/or intestinal absorption of ingested lead. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of 1,200 mg dietary calcium supplementation on maternal blood lead levels during ...
Collier Alex - - 2008
We observed a slight drop in the growth of Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata larvae following acute exposure (24-48 h) during egg development to three concentrations of TCDD (0.3, 3.0, 30.0 mug/l). Our exposure protocol was modeled on a previous investigation that was designed to mimic the effects of maternal ...
Stillerman Karen Perry - - 2008
To better understand the science linking environmental contaminants exposures with adverse pregnancy outcomes, we reviewed the relevant epidemiologic literature. We searched PubMed (primarily 1995-2006) using the key word combinations for select environmental exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Environmental tobacco smoke is a risk factor for reduced birth weight and preterm delivery. ...
McMurray M S MS Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2008
Gestational cocaine treatment results in significantly increased maternal aggression towards an intruder by postpartum day six, while acute postpartum treatment dose dependently decreases maternal aggressive (MA) behavior. Both increased and decreased aggression in the cocaine-treated dams are correlated with either decreased or increased levels of oxytocin in the amygdala, respectively. ...
Ramlau-Hansen C H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A few studies have investigated the association between male caffeine consumption in adult life and semen quality with conflicting results, but so far no studies have explored the effect of prenatal coffee exposure. We studied the association between prenatal coffee and current caffeine exposure and semen quality and levels ...
Signore Caroline - - 2008
The precise pathway by which alcohol causes the characteristic features of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is unknown. Proposed mechanisms for fetal injury from maternal alcohol use include cellular damage from oxidative stress and impaired fetal oxygenation related to maternal systemic vasoconstriction. Our objective was to compare the levels of urinary ...
Williams Megan K - - 2008
Widespread residential pesticide use throughout the United States has resulted in ubiquitous, low-level pesticide exposure. The mix of active pesticide ingredients is changing in response to 2000-2001 regulations restricting use of the organophosphorus insecticides chlorpyrifos and diazinon. We aimed to determine the impact of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations on ...
Inoue Osamu - - 2008
This study was initiated to evaluate o-cresol and benzylmercapturic acid in urine in comparison with other biomarkers, as tools to estimate the intensity of occupational exposure to toluene at low levels. In total, 108 solvent exposed workers (engaged in tape production) and 17 non-exposed controls (all men) participated in the ...
Ege Markus Johannes - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous cross-sectional surveys have suggested that maternal exposure to animal sheds during pregnancy exerted a protective effect on atopic sensitization in children lasting until school age. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effects of maternal exposure to animal sheds and other farm-related exposures during pregnancy on cord blood IgE ...
Ang Ghee Soon - - 2008
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is an immunosuppressive agent that has now been recognized as teratogenic in humans. A pattern of malformations from in utero exposure to MMF has recently been described, and includes cleft lip and palate, microtia and atresia of the external auditory canal. We present a nulliparous mother who ...
Plichart Matthieu - - 2008
Parental smoking and maternal alcohol and caffeinated beverage consumption are prevalent exposures which may play a role, either directly or through their influence on metabolism, in the aetiology of childhood malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumours. The hypothesis was investigated in the Epidemiological Study on childhood Cancer and Leukemia ESCALE ...
Lederman Sally Ann - - 2008
This study was designed to determine whether prenatal mercury exposure, including potential releases from the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, adversely affects fetal growth and child development. We determined maternal and umbilical cord blood total mercury of nonsmoking women who delivered at term in lower Manhattan after 11 September 2001, ...
Tamaki Tetsuo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to clarify the prevalence of alcohol consumption among pregnant women in Japan and its associated factors. METHOD: 344 institutions participated in the survey which was conducted in February 2006. Each subject was requested to fill out a self-administered anonymous questionnaire. Factors associated with alcohol consumption ...
Alati Rosa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether fetal alcohol exposure contributes to alcohol use in adolescence. In this study, we examine the association between maternal alcohol use in pregnancy and adolescents' drinking patterns at age 14. METHODS: The association of maternal alcohol exposure with early drinking was examined in 4363 adolescents taking ...
Dovydaitis Tiffany - - 2008
Evidence supports the benefits of fish consumption during pregnancy, primarily because of the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the neurodevelopment of the fetus. Many fish may also be potent sources of methylmercury and polychlorinated biphenol exposure, which have been shown to have severe negative impacts on both the ...
Taylor William J - - 2008
Methotrexate (MTX) toxicity in psoriatic disease was the focus of discussion at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (GRAPPA). Plenary presentations and results of a Web-based opinion survey of rheumatologists and dermatologists from GRAPPA, and others from New Zealand, Australia, ...
Alvarez Martha Lucio - - 2008
This qualitative descriptive research aimed to analyze pregnancy dynamics, experienced by a group of women who, at the time, were at most 19 years old, and identify the role attributed to the consumption of alcohol in such dynamics. The research was developed with a group of 20 students from the ...
Gray Stephen P - - 2008
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy can affect fetal development, but little is known about the effects on the developing kidney. Our objectives were to determine the effects of repeated ethanol exposure during the latter half of gestation on glomerular (nephron) number and expression of key genes involved in renal development ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between maternal alcohol intake in pregnancy and the occurrence of early stillbirth using a retrospective cohort analysis of singleton births in Missouri that occurred in the period 1989 through 1997 (N=655,979). We used Cox proportional hazards regression to generate adjusted ...
Pueta Mariana M Instituto de Investigación Médica M. y M. Ferreyra (INIMEC - CONICET), Córdoba, C.P 5016, Argentina. - - 2008
Ethanol experiences, during late gestation as well as during nursing, modify the behavioral dynamics of the dam/pup dyad, and leads to heightened ethanol intake in the offspring. This study focuses on: a) behavioral and metabolic changes in intoxicated dams with previous exposure to ethanol during pregnancy and b) infantile consumption ...
Strain J J - - 2008
Fish consumption during gestation can provide the fetus with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and other nutrients essential for growth and development of the brain. However, fish consumption also exposes the fetus to the neurotoxicant, methyl mercury (MeHg). We studied the association between these fetal exposures and early child development ...
Mayock Dennis E - - 2008
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a leading cause of mental retardation, but mechanisms of alcohol-associated brain damage remain elusive. Chronic alcohol exposure attenuates fetal and neonatal hypoxic cerebral vasodilation in sheep. We therefore hypothesized that alcohol could alter development of cerebrovascular responses to adenosine, a putative mediator of hypoxic cerebral vasodilation. ...
Hotham Elizabeth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Australian substance use data do not demonstrate pregnancy-related changes or distinguish between pregnant and lactating women. AIMS: To determine such changes by antenatal patients at two South Australian public hospitals accounting for 35% of the state's births. METHODS: In 2005-2006, all first visit antenatal women at the two hospitals ...
Elliott Elizabeth J - - 2008
New draft alcohol guidelines for Australia state that, for pregnant women and women planning pregnancy, 'no drinking is the safest option'. One of the best known adverse effects of alcohol exposure on the fetus is the fetal alcohol syndrome. Others include alcohol-related birth defects, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders and increased risks ...
Schneider Miriam - - 2008
During puberty, neuronal maturation of the brain, which began during perinatal development, is completed such that the behavioral potential of the adult organism can be fully achieved. These maturational events and processes of reorganization are needed for the occurrence of adult behavioral performance but simultaneously render the organism highly susceptible ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2008
Pregnancy alcohol consumption has been linked to poor birth outcomes and long-term developmental problems. Despite this, a significant number of women drink during pregnancy. Although most prenatal care providers are asking women about alcohol use, validated screening tools are infrequently employed. Research has demonstrated that currently available screening methods and ...
Coyne Katherine L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has been identified as a major cause of impairment to normal physical and intellectual development among Indigenous children in Far North Queensland; however, little is known of the pregnancy characteristics of mothers of those children diagnosed with FAS or of interventions that might assist in ...
Kuykendall Jim R - - 2009
DNA-protein cross-links (DPXs) in fish erythrocytes represent a potential biomarker for exposure to metal cations, such as hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) and divalent nickel (Ni[II]). Species-specific sensitivities to DPX formation were studied by coexposure of juvenile specimens of rainbow trout, hybrid bluegill, and channel catfish to waterborne metals, such as Cr(VI) ...
Lee Young Joo - - 2008
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known endocrine disrupter used widely. Despite the potential risk of human exposure to BPA, little information exists concerning maternal and fetal exposure to BPA during pregnancy in Korea. This study purposed to evaluate the correlation between maternal and fetal exposure, and to determine exposure levels ...
Kvigne Valborg L - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to compare three sequential pregnancies of American Indian women who have children with FAS or children with incomplete FAS with women who did not have children with FAS. METHODS: Two retrospective case-control studies were conducted of Northern Plains American Indian children with fetal ...
Gaworecki Kristen M - - 2008
Environmental contaminants, including pharmaceuticals, can alter behavior and possibly impact population and community structures. One important behavior that could be impacted is the ability to capture prey. We hypothesized that sublethal fluoxetine exposure may lead to feeding behavior abnormalities in hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilis x M. chrysops). Fluoxetine is ...
MacLehose Richard F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Laboratory evidence suggests tap water disinfection by-products (DBPs) could have an effect very early in pregnancy, typically before clinical detectability. Undetected early losses would be expected to increase the reported number of cycles to clinical pregnancy. METHODS: We investigated the association between specific DBPs (trihalomethanes, haloacetic acids, brominated-trihalomethanes, brominated-haloacetic ...
Nowakowski Richard S - - 2008
Widespread radiation is a threat unique to the modern world. A recent report reveals that sub-clinical damage to human foetuses between 8 and 25 weeks of gestation can result in cognitive deficits still manifest 16-18 years after birth. These previously unrecognised, long-term effects are apparently produced by a relatively short ...
Gul Ahmet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate perinatal outcome of seven pregnancies with twin reserve arterial perfusion sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included seven cases of acardiac twins. Out of seven acardiac twins, two cases were in follow-up without any interventions. We performed four alcohol ablation and one bipolar coagulation. ...
Livingston Michael - - 2008
AIMS: A large number of studies have found links between alcohol outlet densities and assault rates in local areas. This study tests a variety of specifications of this link, focusing in particular on the possibility of a non-linear relationship. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data on police-recorded assaults during high alcohol hours, liquor ...
Garcia-Algar Oscar - - 2008
The prevalence of gestational ethanol exposure and subsequent fetal exposure has been assessed in a cohort of mother-infant dyads in a Mediterranean city (Barcelona, Spain) by meconium analysis of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) after showing in this population a high prevalence of meconium opiates (8.7%), cocaine (4.4%), and cannabis ...
Datta Susmita S Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Information Science, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA. - - 2008
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), a severe consequence of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, is associated with craniofacial defects, mental retardation, and stunted growth. Previous studies in C57BL/6J and C57BL/6N mice provide evidence that alcohol-induced pathogenesis follows early changes in gene expression within specific molecular pathways in the embryonic headfold. Whereas ...
de Chazeron Ingrid - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although it is well known that France has a cultural history of alcohol use, no recent French data on alcohol consumption during pregnancy in a large sample are available. METHODS: To determine the alcohol consumption patterns among pregnant women in France, we analyzed data from a 1-year multicenter self-survey. ...
Nettleton Rosemary T - - 2008
This study uses a neonatal guinea pig model to compare the effects of in utero methadone or morphine exposure upon breathing control. We hypothesize that in utero methadone exposure will result in similar respiratory disturbances to those seen in morphine exposed neonates, but that the onset will be slower and ...
May Philip A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This is a third exploration of risk factors for the two most severe forms of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and Partial FAS (PFAS), in a South African community with the highest reported prevalence of FAS in the world. METHODS: In a case control design, ...
Ethen Mary K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of alcohol consumption prior to and during various intervals of pregnancy in the U.S. METHODS: Alcohol-related, pregnancy-related, and demographic data were derived from computer-assisted telephone interviews with 4,088 randomly selected control mothers from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study who delivered live ...
Strandberg-Larsen Katrine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the frequency and timing of binge drinking episodes (intake of five or more drinks on one occasion) during the first 16 weeks of pregnancy increase the risk of fetal death. METHODS: The study is based upon data from 89,201 women who were enrolled in the Danish ...
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