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Parker Rex A RA - - 2012
Because of its lack of ionizing radiation and excellent soft-tissue contrast, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is being increasingly used in the evaluation of acute abdominal pain in the pregnant patient. Roughly 2% of all pregnancies are ectopic. Although ectopic pregnancy is usually diagnosed on the basis of a combination of ...
Hall Natalie H - - 2012
A rescued female manatee was observed expelling a fetal bone from the vulva. The manatee was anesthetized and diagnosed with uterine retention of a fetal skeleton by ultrasound and hysteroscopy. Episiotomy was performed to gain manual access to the vagina and uterus for removal of the skeleton. Second intention healing ...
Heidar Zahra - - 2012
Tubal ectopic hydatidiform mole is an uncommon but very important complication of pregnancy. The clinical manifestation is the same as ectopic pregnancy and in all of the cases management was the same as tubal ectopic pregnancy. We present a case of tubal ectopic pregnancy that after laparotomy and salpingectomy, pathologic ...
Zhang Peng - - 2012
We present an unusual case of an unstable pelvic fracture during pregnancy period, who suffered fetal death and splenic rupture simultaneously which developed massive delayed hemorrhage in abdomen. When considering potential causes of fetal death, direct trauma to the uterus, placenta, or fetus was not associated with a higher fetal ...
Hunt Beverley J - - 2012
In order to identify the cause of maternal deaths due to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and identify future preventative measures we retrospectively reviewed all maternal deaths due to TTP in London from 2003 to 2008 that were confirmed on post-mortem examination. There were three maternal deaths due to sudden cardiac ...
Derrick Matthew - - 2012
Background:Fetal hypoxia-ischemia results in significant morbidity and mortality. Little is known about the timing of death in human stillbirths. The vulnerability of the fetus varies with age at the time of insult but it is unknown what happens to the timing of fetal death in relation to a fetal insult. ...
Deveer Rüya - - 2012
The objective of this study is to evaluate fetal and maternal outcomes of twin pregnancies with intrauterine single fetal death. In 13 cases, intrauterine death of one fetus was found during the first trimester; in 25 cases, it was found after the first trimester. Obstetric complications and fibrinogen levels were ...
Findik Rahime Bedir - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between urinary incontinence (UI) and parameters such as pregnancy, mode of delivery and other factors. The study was based on a questionnaire administered to 761 patients. After their age, menopausal status, number of pregnancies, number of deliveries and history of ...
Franchitto Nicolas - - 2012
  Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) continues to be one of the most feared complications of pregnancy. A healthy 32-year-old woman died during delivery after a normal 39-week third pregnancy. The family filed a complaint with a criminal court as the causes of death appeared unclear. No risk factor associated with ...
Gomes Manuel C - - 2012
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a public health issue,internationally considered an indicator of women's status in society, indirectly translating access to health facilities. However, it is difficult to measure and is usually underestimated by official records. METHODS: Maternal deaths missed by the official statistics in Portugal between 2001 and 2006 ...
- - 2012
Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized ovum implants on any tissue other than the endometrial lining of the uterus. Approximately 1%-2% of pregnancies in the United States are ectopic; however, these pregnancies account for 3%-4% of pregnancy-related deaths. The ectopic pregnancy mortality ratio in the United States decreased from 1.15 ...
Ritchie J - - 2012
Background and objectives: Pregnancies in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis are considered high-risk due to high rates of maternal and fetal complications. However, there has not been a formal analysis addressing the issue of maternal deaths in these women. The aim of this study was to ...
Ganyaglo Gabriel Y K - - 2012
A 6-year (2004-2009) review of maternal deaths is presented to establish particular trends at the eastern regional hospital (1 of 10 regional hospitals in Ghana). There were a total of 191 maternal deaths over the period, with a total of 19,965 live births, giving a maternal mortality ratio of 957 ...
Mehrotra Seema - - 2012
Herein, we present a case of tubal choriocarcinoma which was diagnosed initially as chronic ectopic pregnancy. During laparotomy we noticed a haemorrhagic friable mass in the left flank, adherent to the bowel. Left-sided salpingoopherectomy was performed. Serum β HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) levels performed in the postoperative period were elevated. ...
Woderska Aleksandra - - 2012
Maternal brain death during pregnancy is an exceptional case when somatic support might be continued despite diagnosed death. There are only a few cases of maternal brain death during pregnancy reported in the literature and detailed data regarding the frequency of such cases are lacking. The case of a 40-year-old ...
Lotufo Fátima Aparecida - - 2012
The World Health Organization has recommended investigating near-misses as a benchmark practice for monitoring maternal healthcare and has standardized the criteria for diagnosis. We aimed to study maternal morbidity and mortality among women admitted to a general intensive care unit during pregnancy or in the postpartum period, using the new ...
Pasternak Björn - - 2012
To investigate whether an adjuvanted pandemic A/H1N1 2009 influenza vaccine in pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of fetal death. Nationwide register based cohort study. Denmark. All clinically recognised singleton pregnancies that ended between November 2009 and September 2010. Individual level data on exposure to an inactivated AS03 pandemic ...
Bouquet de Jolinière Jean - - 2012
Background: Recent findings strongly promoted the hypothesis that common pelvic gynecological diseases including endometriosis and ovarian neoplasia may develop de novo from ectopic endometrial-like glands and/or embryonic epithelial remnants. To verify the frequency, the anatomical localization and the phenotype of misplaced endometrial tissue along the fetal female reproductive tract, histological ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between prenatal alcohol consumption and the occurrence of placental abruption and placenta previa in a population-based sample. We used linked birth data files to conduct a retrospective cohort study of singleton deliveries in the state of Missouri during the period ...
Wilson Andrea L - - 2011
To assess the fertility and pregnancy experiences of rural Malawian women living with obstetric fistula and following surgical repair of fistula. Fertility histories were collected via in-depth interviews with women identified in 2007 as having obstetric fistula and with their family members. Of the 32 affected women interviewed, 17 (53.1%) ...
Adén Ulrika - - 2011
World-wide, many fetuses and infants are exposed to methylxanthines via maternal consumption of coffee and other beverages containing these substances. Methylxanthines (caffeine, theophylline and aminophylline) are also commonly used as a medication for apnea of prematurity.The metabolism of methylxanthines is impaired in pregnant women, fetuses and neonates, leading to accumulating ...
Aye Christina Yi Ling CY Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, UK. - - 2011
While infantile myofibromatosis is the most common mesenchymal tumour of infancy, only around 300 cases have been reported. The authors report a 33-year-old para 1 with an uncomplicated, dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy who was diagnosed with an intrauterine death of one twin at 36+5 weeks gestation. At caesarean section, a ...
Shaw Palma - - 2011
The effect of radiation on the fetus has been derived primarily from animal studies and human exposures to diagnostic and therapeutic radiation as well as atomic bomb exposure. Given the variety of sources, there is controversy over the dose of radiation in addition to the other environmental conditions that surrounded ...
Bloom Michael S - - 2010
Maternal exposure to high concentrations of inorganic arsenic (iAs) in naturally contaminated drinking groundwater sources has been associated with an increased risk for the spontaneous loss of clinically recognized pregnancies in several epidemiologic studies. Whereas a large worldwide population depends on drinking groundwater sources with high levels of iAs contamination, ...
Vrijheid Martine - - 2012
Inequities in the distribution of environmental exposures may add an extra burden to socially disadvantaged populations, especially when acting during vulnerable periods such as pregnancy and early life, but such inequities may be more complex and uncertain than is generally assumed. We therefore examine whether socioeconomic inequities exist in pregnancy ...
Bruner-Tran Kaylon L - - 2011
TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant and known endocrine disruptor. Since humans and animals are most sensitive to toxicant exposure during development, we previously developed a mouse model of in utero TCDD exposure in order to examine the impact of this toxicant on adult reproductive function. Our initial in ...
Kelly Yvonne J - - 2012
Background This study examines the relationship between light drinking during pregnancy and the risk of socioemotional problems and cognitive deficits at age 5 years. Methods Data from the nationally representative prospective UK Millennium Cohort Study (N=11 513) were used. Participants were grouped according to mothers' reported alcohol consumption during pregnancy: never ...
Arbuckle Tye E - - 2010
There is growing concern about the potential health effects of exposure to various environmental chemicals during pregnancy and infancy. One of the key limitations of past epidemiologic research in this field has been the potential for exposure misclassification to lead to biases in the health risk estimate. The use of ...
Kenan Naama - - 2011
An alcohol-induced change in serum transferrin glycosylation, termed carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), is widely used as a biomarker of heavy long-term drinking. This study examined the transferrin glycosylation profile and the risk for false-positive CDT results during pregnancy. Serum samples were collected from 24 healthy pregnant women starting in gestation week ...
Koren Gideon - - 2010
Because I practise in a rural area with a large number of lakes, I have patients planning pregnancy who consume relatively large amounts of fish harvested by their families. What should be my advice to them? A recent Motherisk study has shown that fairly commonly these women's mercury levels exceed ...
Williams Pamela M - - 2010
Pregnant women are at risk of exposure to nonionizing and ionizing radiation resulting from necessary medical procedures, workplace exposure, and diagnostic or therapeutic interventions before the pregnancy is known. Nonionizing radiation includes microwave, ultrasound, radio frequency, and electromagnetic waves. In utero exposure to nonionizing radiation is not associated with significant ...
Lowe John B - - 2010
This study describes the development and testing of a multicomponent media campaign aimed at increasing discussions of alcohol use during pregnancy. Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) programs in Iowa were paired and, within each pair, were randomly assigned to a usual-care group (advice not to consume alcohol while pregnant and ...
Huang Cheng - - 2010
The Chinese famine of 1959-1961 was the largest in human history. We used data on 35,025 women born in 1957-1963 to assess the impact of famine exposure on height, BMI, and hypertension at ~32 y of age. The data were from the China-U.S. Collaborative Project for Neural Tube Defect Prevention. ...
Leiba Adi A Department of Internal Medicine, Mount Auburn Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2010
During pregnancy skeletal lead is mobilized by maternal bone turnover and can threaten fetal development. The exact strategy suggested to women of childbearing age, who were chronically exposed to lead, and, thus, have high bone lead burden, is not well established. We describe 4 years of follow-up of a 29-year-old ...
Chiodo Lisa M - - 2010
Prenatal exposure to alcohol has a variety of morphologic and neurobehavioral consequences, yet more than 10% of women continue to drink during pregnancy, placing their offspring at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Identification of at-risk pregnancies has been difficult, in part, because the presence and severity of FASD ...
Kochunov Peter - - 2010
We assessed the effects of a single episode of maternal alcohol intoxication on fetal brain blood perfusion in three pregnant dams (baboons) at the 24th week of pregnancy using dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging. After the oral administration of alcohol, there was a four-fold increase in the peak contrast ...
Willford Jennifer - - 2010
This study identified structural changes in the caudate nucleus in offspring of mothers who drank moderate levels of alcohol during pregnancy. In addition, the effect of duration of alcohol use during pregnancy was assessed. Young adults were recruited from the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development Project. Three groups were ...
Goh Y Ingrid - - 2010
Meconium fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are sensitive and specific biomarkers for prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) in pregnancy. We recently reported a 2.5% rate of FAEE positive meconium in a general population sample of infants born in the region of Grey-Bruce, Ontario. Women in this region with high-risk pregnancies are ...
Ramlau-Hansen C H - - 2010
Concurrent alcohol exposure has been associated with reduced fecundity, but no studies have estimated the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on male fecundity. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, semen quality and levels of reproductive hormones in young, adult men. ...
Disher Anthony C - - 2010
The diagnosis of pulmonary disorders associated with pregnancy is complicated by concerns about maternal/fetal radiation exposure, administration of contrast media, and medicolegal issues. This article reviews diagnostic imaging modalities, radiation exposure policy statements and provides a brief review of radiographic findings in selected pulmonary disorders associated with pregnancy. Clinicians should ...
Robinson M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of fetal alcohol exposure during pregnancy with child and adolescent behavioural development. DESIGN: The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study recruited 2900 pregnancies (1989-91) and the 14-year follow up was conducted between 2003 and 2006. SETTING: Tertiary obstetric hospital in Perth, Western Australia. POPULATION: The ...
Latino-Martel Paule - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Leukemia is the most frequently occurring cancer in children. Although its etiology is largely unknown, leukemia is believed to result from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Among different potential risk factors, the possible role of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy has been questioned. METHODS: To assess the ...
Bakker Rachel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy has adverse effects on fetal growth and development. Less consistent associations have been shown for the associations of light-to-moderate maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy with health outcomes in the offspring. Therefore, we examined the associations of light-to-moderate maternal alcohol consumption with various fetal growth ...
Lee So Hee - - 2010
The number of Korean women of childbearing age who drink alcohol and binge drink has increased remarkably in recent years. In the present study, we examined self-reported rates of alcohol use before and during pregnancy and identified maternal characteristics associated with drinking in pregnancy. One thousand pregnant Korean women who ...
Keegan Joan - - 2010
Substance abuse in pregnancy has increased over the past three decades in the United States, resulting in approximately 225,000 infants yearly with prenatal exposure to illicit substances. Routine screening and the education of women of child bearing age remain the most important ways to reduce addiction in pregnancy. Legal and ...
El Marroun Hanan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is commonly used among pregnant women. It is unclear whether cannabis exposure causes hemodynamic modifications in the fetus, like tobacco does. AIMS: This study aims to ascertain fetal blood redistribution due to intrauterine cannabis exposure. METHODS: This study was embedded in the Generation R Focus Study, a population-based ...
Mattison Donald R - - 2010
Summarize recent studies exploring the relationship between paternal and maternal environmental exposures to chemicals before, at the time of and after conception to adverse developmental outcomes including preterm birth, death, structural and functional abnormalities and growth restriction. Recent studies have demonstrated that human pregnancy and development are vulnerable to environmental ...
S?rensen Mette - - 2010
Occupational exposure to organic solvents during pregnancy has been associated with reduced fetal growth. Though organic solvents in the form of paint fumes are also found in the home environment, no studies have investigated the effect of such exposure in a general population. We studied associations between residential exposure to ...
Pucheu-Haston Cherie M - - 2010
Evidence suggests that the predisposition towards atopy begins early in life. Maternal allergy has been associated with an increased risk of the development of allergic disease in offspring. Some studies suggest that the development of childhood atopy may also be influenced by prenatal allergen exposure. In this study, a respiratory ...
Lupo Philip J - - 2010
In studies of reproductive outcomes, maternal residence at delivery is often the only information available to characterise environmental exposures during pregnancy. The goal of this investigation was to describe residential mobility during pregnancy and to assess the extent to which change of residence may result in exposure misclassification when exposure ...
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