Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1375
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Doritchamou Justin - - 2012
Background. Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IE) adhere to host cell receptors allowing parasites to sequester in deep vascular beds of various organs. This defining phenomenon of malaria pathogenesis is key to the severe clinical complications associated with cerebral and placental malaria. The principal ligand associated with the binding to chondroitin sulfate A ...
Fried Michal - - 2012
Pregnancy malaria (PM) due to Plasmodium falciparum is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for women and their offspring, but is difficult to recognize and diagnose. During PM, parasites typically sequester in the placenta, whereas peripheral blood smears often appear negative. In addition, many infected women remain asymptomatic, especially ...
Eisele Thomas P TP Department of Global Health Systems and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. - - 2012
Low birthweight is a significant risk factor for neonatal and infant death. A prominent cause of low birthweight is infection with Plasmodium falciparum during pregnancy. Antimalarial intermittent preventive therapy in pregnancy (IPTp) and insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) significantly reduce the risk of low birthweight in regions of stable malaria transmission. ...
Borgia Guglielmo G Department of Public Medicine and Social Security, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. - - 2012
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection affects about 350 million individuals worldwide. Management of HBV infection in pregnancy is difficult because of several peculiar and somewhat controversial aspects. The aim of the present review is to provide a tool that may help physicians to correctly manage HBV infection in pregnancy. ...
Watt Alison - - 2012
In Europe fetal loss due to parvovirus B19 (B19V) is under-reported and a poorly addressed occupational risk to pregnant women. This is exemplified internationally, where it was unmentioned in the last 2 ECDC annual surveillance reports or its 2009 special report on infections in pregnancy. To assess this potential for ...
Ezebialu Ifeanyichukwu U - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Placental malaria is a complication of malaria in pregnancy and is associated with adverse outcomes. Its burden is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, but despite this, data based on histological analysis are scarce from this region. METHODS: Questionnaires administered by the researchers were used to obtain information from parturients at ...
French Clare E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected women not requiring treatment for their own health usually receive short-course antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy. Little is known about the effect of this on response to HAART in subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: We analysed data from the UK and Ireland's National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood ...
Knafo Steven - - 2012
We report the case of a 32-year-old woman with a left frontal ganglioglioma (WHO grade I). Quantitative analysis based on three dimensional magnetic resonance images revealed a threefold increase of growth rate during pregnancy as compared to pre-pregnancy, causing neurological deterioration and leading to prompt surgical treatment 3 months after ...
Kobayashi Fumimasa - - 2012
Pyomyoma (suppurative leiomyoma) is a rare but serious complication of uterine leiomyomas. Although the management of leiomyomas during pregnancy is usually expectant, prompt surgical intervention is mandatory for pyomyoma. We present a case of pyomyoma with peritonitis that necessitated myomectomy at 21 weeks of gestation in a 28-year-old nullipara in ...
Chun Rosaleen - - 2012
The last several decades have seen many advances in the recognition and prevention of the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and its precursor, intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). There has also been a relative explosion of knowledge in the critical care, trauma, and surgical populations, and the inception of a society dedicated to ...
Macciò Antonio - - 2012
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic myomectomy during pregnancy is indicated when symptoms related to uterine myomas persist despite pharmacologic therapy; however, currently there is very little information concerning its safety. METHODS: We report three cases of antepartum laparoscopic myomectomy performed to manage complicated myomas requiring surgical intervention. RESULTS: In particular, we report for ...
Pirtskhalava N - - 2012
Hypertension is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. Pheochromocytoma in pregnancy is rare, and if unrecognized, can cause serious perinatal morbidity and mortality. A patient with paroxysmal hypertension, postpartum intraabdominal bleeding, and a recognized pheochromocytoma is described. A 36-yr-old previously practical healthy woman (gravida 4, para 3) presented to ...
Sammour Rami N - - 2012
We present a case of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent Cushing's syndrome diagnosed in a patient in the third trimester of her pregnancy, with an adrenal mass observed on imaging studies. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed successfully at 32weeks. To the best of our knowledge, this is the latest gestational age at which ...
Shue Eveline H - - 2012
This article reviews fetal intervention for congenital anomalies, which has evolved from a mere concept to a medical specialty over the past 3 decades. Advances in surgical techniques have paralleled developments in fetal imaging, fetal diagnosis, and the advent of maternal tocolysis to prevent preterm labor. Fetal intervention has become ...
Juneau Caroline - - 2012
Ectopic pregnancies have a negative impact on future fertility. Prompt diagnosis is paramount to preserve tubal function and reproductive potential. Expectant, medical, and surgical management of ectopic pregnancies have similar efficacy in properly selected patients. Medical management has emerged as a safe alternative to surgery and holds promise for preservation ...
Casikar Ishwari - - 2012
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) continues to be the number one cause of maternal deaths in the first trimester of pregnancy. Over the past 30 years, several key developments including accurate and rapid serum human chorionic gonadotrophin assays, the introduction of high-resolution transvaginal probes and more recently tertiary hospital Early Pregnancy Units ...
Servais Elliot L - - 2012
Rupture of a maternal diaphragmatic hernia (DH) during pregnancy is a rare but significant complication. We describe a case of a maternal ruptured DH, presenting as acute postpartum dyspnea, which required urgent operative repair. We report our surgical strategy and review the key concepts in the multidisciplinary management of this ...
Stock Laura - - 2012
Surgery remains an acceptable, and sometimes necessary, modality for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Laparoscopy is the preferred method of access, yet controversy remains regarding the optimal procedure and postoperative management. Generally, salpingostomy is employed with the goal of maintaining fertility, although data to support this tenet are lacking. In ...
Kunishige Hideyuki - - 2012
A 32-year-old woman at 16 weeks of pregnancy was diagnosed with acute type A aortic dissection and severe aortic regurgitation. Aortic valve and aortic arch replacement was successfully performed under circulatory arrest with deep hypothermia. After the operation, she was diagnosed with Loeys-Dietz syndrome. At 36 weeks of gestation, the patient underwent ...
Zenclussen Ana C - - 2012
Pregnancy is a challenge to the maternal immune system as it must defend the body against pathogens while at the same time develop immune tolerance against the fetus growing inside the uterus. Despite ex vivo techniques being used to understand these processes, in vivo techniques are missing. To directly study ...
Ortman Amy J - - 2012
Advances in the surgical palliation and correction of congenital heart lesions have improved survival and increased the number of patients living into adulthood. Although pregnancy outcomes will be favorable for most patients with congenital heart disease, the cardiovascular challenges associated with pregnancy and delivery are best managed with a multidisciplinary ...
Cucinella Gaspare - - 2012
We report five cases of interstitial pregnancy, treated between 2004 to 2010, to evaluate surgical and obstetric outcome of laparoscopic cornual resection with a "purse-string" technique. A hemostatic suture was passed at the base of the mass in a purse-string fashion prior to resection, to minimize intraoperative blood loss. Subsequent ...
Gatter Mary - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine whether replacing the "routine" postoperative visit after surgical abortion with an "as indicated" visit is associated with an increase in the rates of either failed abortion (continuing pregnancy) or repeat abortion. METHODS: We compared the rate of continuing pregnancy in 50,702 ...
Costello Michael F - - 2012
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been managed surgically since the development of wedge resection in the 1930s. Second-line surgical interventions for anovulation associated with PCOS include laparoscopic ovarian diathermy, which is as effective as medical induction of ovulation with gonadotropins, with a much reduced risk of multiple pregnancy. Bariatric surgery ...
Khan Majida - - 2012
To analyse the result of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) by using surgically retrieved sperms in the azoospermic male. Eight (9 cycles) azoospermic men were given the intra-cytoplasmic sperum injection after sperms were collected through surgical retrieval either by percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) or testicular sperm extraction (TESE) at the ...
Partridge Emily A - - 2012
Although most prenatally diagnosed correctable anatomic abnormalities are best addressed by surgical interventions after birth, the outcomes of a small number of severe structural malformations with predicted fetal demise or devastating sequelae postnatally may be improved by correction before birth. Consideration of maternal-fetal surgical intervention is restricted to those anatomic ...
Olutoye Oluyinka O - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT procedure) can be life-saving for fetuses with large neck masses. Advances in fetal imaging and access to prenatal care have improved the ability to anticipate and plan for the treatment of these fetuses. This review will highlight advances in imaging techniques, modification ...
Eddey Philip D - - 2012
This case describes an extrauterine fetus that was discovered in an apparently healthy bitch 5 mo after whelping. The extrauterine fetus was surgically removed, and the bitch made a complete recovery. The topic of canine ectopic pregnancy is discussed, and a review of previously reported cases is presented.
Burkhardt Jan-Karl - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) and especially cavernous malformations (CMs) in highly eloquent brain areas such as brainstem CMs are rare but possible events during pregnancy. Due to the few published cases in literature clear recommendations regarding the management are rare. In this study we evaluate the proceeding decision in ...
Schauer Ingrid - - 2012
PURPOSE: We determined the impact of 3 surgical techniques (high ligation, inguinal varicocelectomy and the subinguinal approach) for varicocelectomy on sperm parameters (count and motility) and pregnancy rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By searching the literature using MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library with the last search performed in February 2011, focusing ...
Mestak Ondrej - - 2012
We report the case of a female who had suffered from progressive lymphatic malformation in the orbito-temporal region since childhood. Many surgical interventions were performed, including radical excision and shunt drainage. Despite aggressive surgical treatment, recurrence was observed after every intervention. Eventually, the condition regressed after the patient began taking ...
Yoshioka Koji - - 2012
The objective of this study was to enhance procedures for producing piglets derived from in vitro-produced (IVP) pig embryos by non-surgical embryo transfer (ET). The effects of insertion length for the catheter, asynchrony between the age of donor IVP blastocysts and the recipient estrous cycle, and volume of transfer medium ...
Tao Weike - - 2012
PURPOSE: Our aim was to determine the incidence of difficult intubation during pregnancy-related surgery at a high-risk, high-volume teaching institution. METHODS: Airway experience was analyzed among patients who had pregnancy-related surgery under general anesthesia from January 2001 through February 2006. A difficult airway was defined as needing three or more ...
Mittal Shireesh Kumar - - 2012
Secondary abdominal pregnancy is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy. Following fertilization, the blastocyst escapes from the uterine cavity and implants in the peritoneal cavity. The early antenatal diagnosis and identification of the site and extent of placental implantation in an abdominal pregnancy is important to prepare for the eventual ...
Overcash Rachael T - - 2012
Cesarean section scar pregnancy is a rare ectopic pregnancy that is difficult to manage due to high risk of uterine rupture and maternal hemorrhage-a risk that increases with gestational age. A 21-year-old, gravida 3 para 2 woman was diagnosed at 13.5 weeks' gestation by pelvic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging ...
Zamurovic M - - 2012
This study describes prenatal diagnostics of fetal omphalocele by ultrasonographic examination, planned childbirth by cesarean section and surgical correction of the anomaly in an older primipara who became pregnant through a spontaneous menstrual cycle after a five-year long medical examination and treatment of infertility. Pregnancy was carried out to full ...
Biedermann Luc - - 2012
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is frequent in women during their peak reproductive years. Accordingly, a significant number of questions and uncertainties arise from this population regarding the risk of transmission of IBD to the offspring, the impact of the disease and therapies on the fertility, the role of the disease ...
Jacquemyn Yves - - 2012
Tuberculosis in pregnancy is possibly increasing in Western Europe due to a higher incidence in immigrant women from endemic regions. Common in recent immigrants. Diagnosis during pregnancy is delayed because the disease is more frequently extra-pulmonary with few symptoms and western doctors are no longer familiar with signs and symptoms ...
Rizzo M - - 2012
Introduction: Since the introduction of HAART the desire to become a mother in women with HIV has become a viable option due to the drastic reduction in vertical transmission. The aim of this study was to look at the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and safety of antiretroviral drugs and rate of ...
Jermakowicz Walter J - - 2012
Pregnancy has been linked to increased rates of arteriovenous malformation rupture. This link remains a matter of debate and very few studies have addressed the management of arteriovenous malformation in pregnancy. Unruptured arteriovenous malformations in pregnant woman generally warrant conservative management due to the low rupture risk. When pregnant women ...
Tyagi Shakun - - 2012
A 22-year-old second gravida presented with asymptomatic abdominal and pelvic hydatid disease at 16&emsp14;weeks gestation. She opted for conservative management and was treated with oral Albendazole. She underwent elective caesarean along with cyst excision at term as the large pelvic cyst precluded vaginal delivery. A healthy baby girl weighing 2600&emsp14;g ...
Sangirejeva A - - 2012
Purpose of the study: The aim of this study was to describe trends in the management of pregnancies in HIV-infected women and their outcomes, over a 4-year period in Latvia on an Infectology Center of Latvia (LIC) basis. Methods: The study of HIV-infected women in Latvia giving birth to one ...
Milne Kim - - 2012
A 26-year-old woman with 29&emsp14;weeks gestation presented with headache, photophobia and fever. She had deranged liver function tests and low platelets on admission. Blood film, performed to look for haemolysis, revealed she had Plasmodium vivax malaria, despite not having travelled to an endemic malaria area for over 1&emsp14;year. The diagnosis ...
Szylit Nilson Abrão - - 2012
Interstitial pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy for which the best therapeutic course of action has yet to be determined. Surgical intervention entails a high risk of hemorrhage due to the great vascularization of the cornual region of the uterus. Case descriptions facilitate the analysis of results and ...
Deka Deepika - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy, the presence of two gestational sacs simultaneously, is a rare event but with the advent of Assisted Reproductive Technology, it is now an increasingly common complication. The reported incidence of a heterotopic pregnancy in a spontaneous cycle is quoted as 1 in 30,000. We report the case of ...
Dhiman S - - 2012
Malaria remains a complex problem during the pregnancy, which threatens > 35 millions pregnant women every year. Malaria pathogenesis in pregnancy results in accumulation of infected RBCs in the intervillous spaces causing severe alterations leading to the reduced materno-foetal exchanges. In this article we have revisited the current evidences of ...
Boden Katharina - - 2012
A high complication rate of Q fever in pregnancy is described on the basis of a limited number of cases. All pregnant women with proven Q fever regardless of clinical symptoms should therefore receive long-term cotrimoxazole therapy. But cotrimoxazole as a folic acid antagonist may cause harm to the fetus. ...
Gravett Courtney A - - 2012
Michael Gravett and colleagues review the burden of pregnancy-related infections, especially in low- and middle-income countries, and offer suggestions for a more effective intervention strategy.
Ouédraogo Smaïla - - 2012
Primigravidity is one of the main risk factors for both malaria and anaemia. Since the implementation of intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) in sub-Saharan Africa, the relationship between anaemia and gravidity and its evolution during pregnancy has been little explored. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of gravidity on the ...
Hahn Sinuhe - - 2012
The intention of this review is to provide an overview of the potential role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in mammalian reproduction. Neutrophil NETs appear to be involved in various stages of the reproductive cycle, starting with fertility and possibly ending with fetal loss. The first suggestion that NETs may ...
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