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Results 451 - 500 of 1365
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Wooding F B P - - 2007
The Tragulidae are the living relics of the basal ruminant stock. They have a diffuse placenta, with no aggregations of the placental villi into localised placentomes characteristic of all other ruminants. Despite this difference, this ultrastructural and immunocytochemical investigation demonstrates that in Tragulus the trophoblast binucleate cell (BNC) plays the ...
Mess A - - 2007
Placental characters are most important in understanding the evolutionary history of hystricognath rodents of which some act as animal models for human pregnancy. The data available deal mostly with species native to South America, but the current paper presents novel findings on chorioallantoic and yolk sac placentation in an Old ...
Miglino M A - - 2007
To elucidate the morphological differences between placentas from normal and cloned cattle pregnancies reaching term, the umbilical cord, placentomes and interplacentomal region of the fetal membranes were examined macroscopically as well as by light and scanning electron microscopy. In pregnancies established by somatic nucleus transfer (NT), the umbilical cord and ...
Hadziselimovic Faruk - - 2007
It is questionable whether development of the intrauterine growth retardation or small for gestational age (SGA) children is related directly to inflammation associated with celiac disease. Localization and the amount of gliadin, Fas-L, as well as the incidence of apoptosis in 32-term placentas, was analyzed immunohistochemically and with in situ ...
Sakornbut Ellen - - 2007
Effective management of vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy requires recognition of potentially serious conditions, including placenta previa, placental abruption, and vasa previa. Placenta previa is commonly diagnosed on routine ultrasonography before 20 weeks' gestation, but in nearly 90 percent of patients it ultimately resolves. Women who have asymptomatic previa can ...
Russell M A - - 2007
Treatment of maternal chronic myeloid leukemia with imatinib mesylate is avoided because of potential fetal effects. Two women with progression of disease during pregnancy required imatinib therapy. Concentrations of imatinib in maternal blood, placenta, umbilical cord blood and breast milk were 886, 2452, 0 to 157, and 596 ng/ml, respectively. ...
Thia Edwin W H - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Pathologically adherent placentas occur when there is a defect of the decidua basalis, typically arising from previous caesarean section, resulting in abnormally invasive implantation of the placenta. The depth of placental invasion varies from the superficial (accreta), to transmural and possibly beyond (percreta). CLINICAL PICTURE: We report on 2 ...
Kovo Michal - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to quantify and characterize metformin transfer across the human placenta using an ex vivo placental perfusion model. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas were obtained from vaginal deliveries or caesarean sections and selected cotyledons were cannulated and dually perfused. Metformin (1 microg/ml) and a permeability reference ...
Yang Q - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the risk of placenta praevia and placental abruption in singleton, second pregnancies after a caesarean delivery of the first pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Linked birth and infant mortality database of the USA between 1995 and 2000. POPULATION: A total of 5,146,742 singleton second pregnancies were ...
Di Santo S - - 2007
In the current study perfusions of an isolated cotyledon of term placenta using standard medium were compared to medium containing xanthine plus xanthine oxidase (X+XO), which generates reactive oxygen species (ROS). A time-dependant increase in the levels of different cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-1ss, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10) was observed between 1 ...
Nakanishi Tsuyoshi - - 2007
Rodent models have great utility for evaluating the potential of environmental chemicals to alter human reproductive development. However, animal studies have some problems of species differences in extrapolating to human developmental toxicity induced by xenobiotics, because the placental endocrine functions in particular vary considerably among different species. For example, estrogen ...
Oppenheimer Lawrence - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of transvaginal ultrasound for the diagnosis of placenta previa and recommend management based on accurate placental localization. OPTIONS: Transvaginal sonography (TVS) versus transabdominal sonography for the diagnosis of placenta previa; route of delivery,based on placenta edge to internal cervical os distance; in-patient versus out-patient antenatal ...
Kaplan Cynthia G - - 2007
Many commonly diagnosed disorders of the placenta relate to maternal and fetal blood flow and are thus common in the placentas of infants with adverse perinatal outcomes. Severe uteroplacental vascular disease may lead to extensive placental infarction and villous changes of reduced uteroplacental blood flow, a morphologic feature commonly associated ...
Askew Jennifer P - - 2007
Whether zolpidem crosses the placenta in humans is unknown. A 30-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of zolpidem abuse underwent spontaneous vaginal delivery at 38 weeks' gestation. Total fetal exposure to zolpidem was unknown, but it was estimated to be at least 1000 mg over at least 1 month. Typical ...
Roeters Annemaaike E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: With the rising rate of cesarean deliveries, the rate of placenta previa and placenta percreta will rise concomitantly resulting in a greater incidence of severe complications. CASE: This case report describes a pregnancy with a massive intra-abdominal bleeding due to placenta percreta at 14 weeks of gestation. Several management ...
Raspollini Maria Rosaria - - 2007
The purpose of this article is to review the histopathologic findings in the placenta of women with a known thrombophilic mutation. The findings range from normal to severe pathologic features including decidual vasculopathy, placental infarctions, syncytial knotting, maternal floor infarction, fetal thrombotic vasculopathy, vasculitis, and chronic villitis. They are, however, ...
Rindsjö Erika - - 2007
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important components of the innate immune system and are expressed by trophoblast in normal full-term placenta. At present, not much is known about the role of TLRs during normal pregnancy and in pregnancy complicated by infection. In this study, we have used immunohistochemistry to investigate the ...
Nakayama Daisuke - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to determine whether placenta previa increases bleeding during gemeprost-induced termination of second-trimester pregnancy. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of 158 second-trimester terminations between 12 and 21 weeks' gestation. We compared the intraoperative blood loss among three groups: women without placenta previa undergoing gemeprost ...
Rogers M S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Manual removal of placenta is performed in 1-3% of cases, and whilst a well established and relatively safe procedure, it is not without complications, which include infection, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, and occasional maternal death. METHODS: A three-arm randomized controlled trial of 50 IU Syntocinon (in 30 ml N saline) ...
Egawa Tsuyoshi - - 2007
Ureaplasma urealyticum (U. urealyticum) and Mycoplasma hominis (M. hominis) are known to cause an intrauterine infection for preterm deliveries, but it is not known whether they are actually pathogenically involved in the development of funisitis, chorioamnionitis (CAM), and chronic lung disease (CLD) in preterm infants. Our purpose was to identify ...
Cobellis L - - 2007
Apelin is an endogenous ligand of the human orphan receptor APJ. This peptide is produced through processing from the C-terminal portion in the pre-pro-protein consisting of 77 amino acid residues and exists in multiple molecular forms. Although the main physiological functions of apelin have not yet been clarified, it is ...
Masala Giovanna - - 2007
During 2003-2005, 399 abortion samples (315 fetuses and 84 placentae) were collected from 107 ovine and caprine farms in northern Sardinia. Tissues from aborted fetuses and placentae were examined by PCR assay to detect DNA from Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydophila abortus, Salmonella enterica Serovar abortusovis, Toxoplasma gondii, and Neospora caninum. The ...
Rampersad Roxane - - 2007
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder unique to human pregnancy that can result in significant morbidity and mortality for mother and fetus. While the etiology of preeclampsia is unknown, the placenta in general and trophoblast in particular is a prerequisite for the disease. We overview normal development of the human placenta, ...
Middeldorp Johanna M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Laser coagulation of anastomotic vessels on the placental surface is the treatment of choice in severe second trimester twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). This procedure is associated with technical difficulties when the placenta is located on the anterior side of the uterus. We describe a novel technique for fetoscopy in ...
Drolet Renée - - 2007
During human pregnancy, the placental villi produces high amounts of estradiol. This steroid is secreted by the syncytium, which is directly in contact with maternal blood. Estradiol has to cross placental foetal vessels to reach foetal circulation. The enzyme 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (17beta-HSD2) was detected in placental endothelial cells ...
Rempel Lea A - - 2007
Isg15 covalently modifies murine endometrial proteins in response to early pregnancy. Isg15 can also be severed from targeted proteins by a specific protease called Ubp43 (Usp18). Mice lacking Ubp43 (null) form increased conjugated Isg15 in response to interferon. The Isg15 system has not been examined in chorioallantoic placenta (CP) or ...
Shiba Masahiro - - 2007
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine whether the maternal surface of the placenta is fractal, and whether the mean fractal dimension differs according to the gestational age and clinically or pathologically different conditions. METHODS: Using digitized images of the maternal surface of 75 placentas, fractal dimensions were ...
Gregg Jennifer K - - 2006
Placentophagia is common among parturient female mammals but non-parturient females generally refuse placenta. Biparental male dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli) readily consume placenta. The present study quantified placentophagia and liver acceptance in the closely related Siberian hamster P. sungorus in which males do not participate in the birth and are not ...
Benoit C - - 2007
Inadequate blood flow and increased vasoconstriction of the placenta contribute to pregnancy associated disorders such as preeclampsia (PE). Because placental vessels lack autonomic innervation, humoral effects of the placenta must play critical roles in regulation of fetal-placental vascular contractility. In this study, we examined the nature of humoral factors produced ...
Murthi P - - 2006
Idiopathic fetal growth restriction (FGR) is often associated with placental insufficiency. Previously, we isolated and characterized homeobox gene DLX4 from the placenta and provided evidence that DLX4 may regulate placental development. Here, we have investigated whether DLX4 expression levels were altered in idiopathic FGR. FGR-affected placentae were collected based on ...
Mohamed Mahaneem - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: An imbalance of vasoconstrictor and vasodilator substances in the placenta has been postulated in the pathogenesis of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). There is however little information available on the kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) in women with PIH. The aim of this study therefore was to determine tissue kallikrein and kininogen levels ...
Alanis Mark - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of selective arterial embolization for the treatment of placenta increta in a patient with subsequent pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Community-based hospital. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old G2P1 woman with placenta increta presenting with delayed postpartum hemorrhage. INTERVENTION(S): Selective uterine artery embolization. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Kongnyuy, EJ; ;
The aim of the study was to define the epidemiological profile of patients with placenta praevia and evaluate the surgical management at the University Teaching Hospital (CHU) Yaounde. It is a retrospective review of all cases of delivery between January 2000 and December 2003 to identify all cases of placenta ...
Rutland C S - - 2007
Maternal undernutrition is thought to result in smaller offspring and programme disease in later life. It is not known whether gestational nutrition affects development and functioning of placental vessels. The aim of this study was to ascertain if disturbed angiogenesis and junctional integrity were features of the labyrinthine vessels of ...
Heer I M - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this study was the evaluation of four ultrasound modalities (transabdominal, perineal, transvaginal and transrectal) to examine placenta praevia or low lying placenta. METHOD: We prospectively investigated 24 patients after 25 weeks of their pregnancy with suspected placenta praevia or low lying placenta. We analysed picture quality ...
Balkanli-Kaplan Petek - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Placenta percreta in early pregnancy has been documented in only a few cases. This is the first report of placenta percreta diagnosed after an extended period from pregnancy termination. CASE: A woman with a history of a previous cesarean section presented with heavy and irregular vaginal bleeding beginning immediately ...
Sammin D J - - 2006
Placentae from 13 pregnant ewes infected intravenously with Chlamydophila abortus, together with placentae from nine uninfected control ewes, were examined at 14, 21 or 28 days post-inoculation (p.i.). Chlamydial inclusions were present in the trophoblast at 14 days p.i. and were widespread by 21 days p.i. Chorioallantoic lesions (oedema, arteritis ...
Kristoffersen E K - - 2006
Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) is a clonal stem cell disorder in which a defect of glycophosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins leads to higher morbidity and mortality because of intravascular haemolysis, haemoglobinuria, pancytopenia and an increased frequency of thrombotic events. We report here the clinical features of a pregnant woman with PNH and ...
Kwon Ja-Young - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of preeclampsia is low in smokers, suggesting a possible role of nicotinic receptor in the pathophysiology of the disease. Alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) was recently found in non-neuronal tissue with various mediating functions. Therefore, we investigated the difference in the placental expression of the ...
Nanovskaya Tatiana N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the transfer characteristics of metformin across placentas that were obtained from uncomplicated pregnancies and from patients with gestational diabetes mellitus. STUDY DESIGN: The technique of dual perfusion of placental lobule was used. Metformin, 5 microg/mL and its [14C]-isotope were co-transfused with ...
Guller S - - 2007
Plasminogen activator inhibitors (PAIs) play critical roles in regulating cellular invasion and fibrinolysis. An increase in the ratio of PAI-1/PAI-2 in placenta and maternal serum is suggested to result in excessive intervillous fibrin deposition and placental infarction in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). In the ...
Fisteag-Kiprono Luissa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the sonographic appearance of globular placenta and perinatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively followed the pregnancy course and perinatal outcome in women with globular placentas (hyperechoic, thick and highly vascular placentas with edges that lack the typical "tapering" appearance) during routine sonographic study. RESULTS: ...
Staud Frantisek - - 2006
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter family that recognizes a variety of chemically unrelated compounds. Its expression has been revealed in many mammal tissues, including placenta. The purpose of this study was to describe its role in transplacental pharmacokinetics using rat placental HRP-1 ...
Allsopp R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether telomere shortening may play a role in senescence of the placenta. STUDY DESIGN: Villous tissue was collected from single, random sites of full-term placentas (39-41 weeks of gestation; n=10) as well as multiple, specific sites of the same placenta (39-41 weeks of gestation; n=5). For the ...
Perez Maria J - - 2006
Ethanol is able to cross the placenta, which may cause teratogenicity. Here we investigated whether ethanol consumption during pregnancy (ECDP), even at doses unable to cause malformation, might increase the susceptibility of fetal rat liver to oxidative insults. Since cholestasis is a common condition in alcoholic liver disease and pregnancy, ...
Tseng Shih-Hui - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There is little prospective experience in the conservative treatment of placenta percreta during the first trimester in order to preserve uterine fertility. We describe herein our experience with uterine artery embolization (UAE) in the management of placenta percreta at 9 weeks of gestation. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old woman, gravida ...
Chan S-Y - - 2006
Thyroid hormones (THs) are essential for normal fetal development, with even mild perturbation in maternal thyroid status in early pregnancy being associated with neurodevelopmental delay in children. Transplacental transfer of maternal THs is critical, with increasing evidence suggesting a role for 3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine (T3) in development and function of the placenta ...
Ng W F - - 2006
AIMS: The pathology of the placentas delivered from pregnant women who had severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Hong Kong was studied. METHODS: The pathology of the placentas was retrospectively studied in detail and compared with control sets. The clinical data of the women and neonates were also reviewed. RESULTS: ...
Bakardjiev Anna I AI Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA. - - 2006
Infection with Listeria monocytogenes is a significant health problem during pregnancy. This study evaluates the role of trafficking between maternal organs and placenta in a pregnant guinea pig model of listeriosis. After intravenous inoculation of guinea pigs, the initial ratio of bacteria in maternal organs to placenta was 10(3)-10(4):1. Rapid ...
Allen W R - - 2006
The African elephant reproduces so efficiently in the wild that overpopulation is now a serious problem in some game parks in Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa. The female reaches puberty between 10 and 12 years of age in the wild and, when in captivity, shows oestrous cycles of 14-15 weeks ...
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