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Stingone Jeanette A JA Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
Epidemiologic literature suggests exposure to air pollutants is associated with fetal development. To investigate maternal exposures to air pollutants during weeks two through eight of pregnancy and congenital heart defects. Mothers from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a nine-state case-control study, were assigned one-week and seven-week averages of daily ...
Hannam Kimberly K Kimberly Hannam, Academic Rheumatology, Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK. - - 2014
Previous work suggests an association between air pollution exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes, even at relatively low concentrations. Our aim was to quantify the effect of air pollution having an adverse effect on preterm birth (PTB) and fetal growth in a large UK cohort using a novel exposure estimation technique ...
Gehring Ulrike U From the aInstitute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; and bSchool of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
Motorized traffic is an important source of both air pollution and community noise. While there is growing evidence for an adverse effect of ambient air pollution on reproductive health, little is known about the association between traffic noise and pregnancy outcomes. We evaluated the impact of residential noise exposure on ...
Ritz Beate B Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA, 650 Charles E. Young Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA; The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few previous studies examined the impact of prenatal air pollution exposures on fetal development based on ultrasound measures during pregnancy. In a prospective birth cohort of more than 500 women followed during 1993-1996 in Los Angeles, California, we examined how air pollution impacts fetal growth during pregnancy. Exposure to traffic ...
Gray Simone C - - 2014
Both air pollution exposure and socioeconomic status (SES) are important indicators of children's health. Using highly resolved modeled predictive surfaces, we examine the joint effects of air pollution exposure and measures of SES in a population level analysis of pregnancy outcomes in North Carolina (NC). Daily measurements of particulate matter ...
Vizcaino Esther E Unit of Molecular Cancer Epidemiology, Universitary Institute of Oncology of the Principality of Asturias (IUOPA), Spain; Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Oviedo, Julián Clavería, s/n, 33006 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain; Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDÆA-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18, 08034 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prenatal life is the most sensitive stage of human development to environmental pollutants. Early exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may increase the risk of adverse health effects during childhood. The mechanisms of transference of POPs during pregnancy are still not well understood. The present study is aimed to investigate ...
Heck Julia E JE Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, 650 Charles E Young Dr, Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Little is known about the etiology of neuroblastoma, the most common cancer in infancy. In this study, we examined maternal exposure to ambient air toxics in pregnancy in relation to neuroblastoma in the child. We ascertained all cases of neuroblastoma listed in the California Cancer Registry 1990-2007 that could be ...
Pedersen Marie M Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain; Centros de Investigación Biomédica en Red Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain; INSERM, U823, Team of Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Institute Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Ambient air pollution has been associated with restricted fetal growth, which is linked with adverse respiratory health in childhood. We assessed the effect of maternal exposure to low concentrations of ambient air pollution on birthweight. We pooled data from 14 population-based mother-child cohort studies in 12 European countries. Overall, the ...
Cenksoy Pınar Ozcan - - 2013
To evaluate the relationship between the pregnancy rate (PR) and the positioning of the intrauterine catheter at embryo transfer (ET) under transabdominal ultrasound (US) guidance in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Prospective data analysis of 281 consecutive US-guided fresh ETs performed by a single physician at Yeditepe University Hospital IVF ...
Janghorbani Mohsen M Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Although several studies have investigated the association between maternal exposure to air pollution and preterm birth, the results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to further investigate the relation between maternal exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight ...
Slama Rémy - - 2013
Epidemiologic studies have reported associations between air pollution levels and semen characteristics, which might in turn affect a couple's ability to achieve a live birth. Our aim was to characterize short-term effects of atmospheric pollutants on fecundability (the month-specific probability of pregnancy among noncontracepting couples). For a cohort of births ...
Xu Xiaohui - - 2013
Ambient air pollution has been implicated in the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). However, evidence of the association between air pollution and HDP is still limited, and the effects of gaseous air pollutants on HDP and their time windows of exposure have not been well studied. We used ...
Hou Hai Yan - - 2013
To examine the associations between the ambient air pollution and early fetal loss. A retrospective case-control study was conducted. 959 fetal losses and 959 normal intrauterine pregnancies within 14 weeks of pregnancy in 15 general or obstetrics and gynecology hospitals were selected into case and control groups, respectively. Data based on ...
Miyague Andre H - - 2013
Objectives. To compare maternal flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and nitrite concentration between third trimester of pregnancy (3(rd)T) and postpartum (PP) period. Additionally, we will evaluate whether FMD correlates with nitrite concentration in both periods. Methods. Eligibility criteria was healthy women with singleton pregnancy, gestational age >28 weeks, ...
Romão Rodrigo - - 2013
Atmospheric pollution is a global public health problem. The adverse effects of air pollution are strongly associated with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and, to a lesser extent, with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study analyzes the relationship between exposure to PM10 and low birth weight in the city of Santo André, ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2013
Measurement of carbon monoxide in expired air samples (ECO) is a non-invasive, cost-effective biochemical marker for smoking. Cut points of 6ppm-10ppm have been established, though appropriate cut-points for pregnant woman have been debated due to metabolic changes. This study assessed whether an ECO cut-point identifying at least 90% of pregnant ...
Mainolfi Maria B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: In this retrospective cohort (1998 to 2007), 145,445 singleton live births in Hillsborough, Florida, were analyzed to elucidate the relationship between fetal morbidity and prenatal exposure to six criteria air pollutants. METHODS:: This study was based on three linked databases: Florida Hospital Discharge, vital statistics records, and air pollution ...
Adetona Olorunfemi - - 2013
Although the production and use of some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been banned or highly restricted, human exposure remains a subject of investigation due to their environmental persistence. Physiological changes during pregnancy may affect the disposition of POPs in the mother's body, and thus fetal exposure. Changes in serum ...
Smarr Melissa M - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recently, several international research groups have suggested that studies about environmental contaminants and adverse pregnancy outcomes should be designed to elucidate potential underlying biological mechanisms. The purpose of this review is to examine the epidemiological studies addressing maternal exposure to air pollutants and fetal growth during gestation ...
Malmqvist Ebba - - 2013
Background: Several studies have estimated associations between air pollution and birth outcomes, but few have evaluated potential effects on pregnancy complications.Objective: We investigated whether low-level exposure to air pollution is associated with gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.Methods: High-quality registry information on 81,110 singleton pregnancy outcomes in southern Sweden during 1999-2005 was ...
Olsson David - - 2013
Our aim was to study the possible associations between exposure to elevated levels of air pollution, ozone (O(3)) and vehicle exhaust (NO(x)), during early gestation, and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and small for gestational age. Prospective register-based cohort study. The Swedish Medical Birth Register includes data ...
Lin Shuiqin - - 2013
In Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling site near Shantou, Guangdong province, China, primitive ways of e-waste processing have caused severe cadmium and lead pollution to the local residents. However, the possible effects of cadmium or lead pollution to genomic integrity of the local residents have not been investigated. We examined ...
Amegah Adeladza K - - 2013
The epidemiological evidence linking socioeconomic deprivation with adverse pregnancy outcomes has been conflicting mainly due to poor measurement of socioeconomic status (SES). Studies have also failed to evaluate the plausible pathways through which socioeconomic disadvantage impacts on pregnancy outcomes. We investigated the importance of maternal SES as determinant of birth ...
Esteves Sandro C - - 2012
This article describes how Androfert complied with the Brazilian Cells and Germinative Tissue Directive with regard to air quality standards and presents retrospective data of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes performed in controlled environments. An IVF facility, composed of reproductive laboratories, operating room and embryo-transfer room, was constructed according to ...
Heyl Peter S - - 2012
This report presents findings from two state-based pregnancy-related reviews of deaths due to pulmonary embolism to describe prevalence, risk factors, and timing of symptoms and fatal events (N = 46). We examined the utility of state-based maternal mortality review teams as a means to gain more complete data on maternal deaths from ...
Surgers L - - 2012
The outcome of bacterial bloodstream infections during pregnancy has greatly improved over the last few decades. However, there are no recent data on the characteristics of bacteremia in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and microbiological features of bacteremia and to assess maternal and fetal ...
Iacobelli Silvia - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To describe the maternal and neonatal outcomes of a large cohort of adolescent pregnancies in a tertiary care hospital at Reunion Island. Methods: Retrospective study of all primiparous singleton pregnancies over 10.5 years. Adolescent (< 18 years) were compared to 18-29 years pregnancies. The maternal outcomes were obstetric ...
Creanga Andreea A - - 2012
: To compare trends in and causes of pregnancy-related mortality by race, ethnicity, and nativity from 1993 to 2006. : We used data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. For each race, ethnicity, and nativity group, we calculated pregnancy-related mortality ratios and assessed causes of pregnancy-related death and the time ...
Rutherford John D - - 2012
With increasing maternal age and the presence of comorbid conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular assessment and monitoring is the responsibility of all clinicians caring for pregnant patients. Furthermore, there are specific conditions, such as mitral stenosis, peripartum cardiomyopathy, and preeclampsia, that can be associated with heart failure and secondary maternal ...
Klemetti M - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our objective was to examine the trends in prepregnancy BMI and glycaemic control among Finnish type 1 diabetic patients and their relation to delivery mode and perinatal outcome. METHODS: We analysed the obstetric records of 881 type 1 diabetic women with a singleton childbirth during 1989-2008. Maternal prepregnancy weight ...
Visconti Kevin - - 2012
Ectopic pregnancies remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in women of reproductive age. Management of these pregnancies has changed dramatically over the years. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone composed of 2 dissimilar subunits, alpha and beta, joined non-covalently. The free beta-subunit is the principal immuno-reactive ...
Kocijancic Dusica Maksimilijan - - 2012
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are one of the leading causes of maternal death in the world and one of the major causes of perinatal mortality. The incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is 8%-15%. Significant changes of biochemical parameters in cases of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are increased levels of ...
Jana Narayan - - 2012
Aim:  Despite tuberculosis (TB) being a global problem, maternal TB remains an unrecognized and underestimated tragedy, especially in South Asian countries. Therefore, we performed a non-systematic review regarding implications of maternal TB on obstetric and perinatal outcomes in the South Asian context. Material and Methods:  We reviewed original studies, both ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between pregnancy intendedness and utilization of recommended prenatal care for mothers and vaccinations for children against six vaccine preventable diseases in rural India using a prospective dataset. To examine the association between pregnancy intention and neonatal and infant mortality in rural India. The study is based ...
Mhyre Jill M - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent developments in maternal mortality surveillance, and draws from recent confidential mortality reports to suggest ways the anesthesiologist can contribute to safer systems of care. RECENT FINDINGS: Maternal mortality rates appear to be static in much of the developed world, but are increasing in ...
Adegoke Adetoro A - - 2012
A significant reduction in maternal mortality was witnessed globally in the year 2010, yet, no significant reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Nigeria was recorded. The absence of accurate data on the numbers, causes and local factors influencing adverse maternal outcomes has been identified as a major obstacle ...
Carvalho Natalie - - 2012
BACKGROUND Afghanistan has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world. We assess the health outcomes and cost-effectiveness of strategies to improve the safety of pregnancy and childbirth in Afghanistan. METHODS Using national and sub-national data, we adapted a previously validated model that simulates the natural history ...
Hyacinth Hyacinth I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal malaria is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Diagnosis of neonatal malaria is difficult because of the similarity in clinical presentation with other neonatal infections. This study aim to highlight the clinical presentations and high mortality still associated with neonatal malaria. METHODS: Twenty four ...
Burgos Jorge - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To analyse the impact of a change in the management of prolonged pregnancies from inducing labour at 42(+0) to induction at 41(0-6). Design: Retrospective cohort study Methods: Analysis of 3563 single pregnancies with cephalic presentation of ≥ 41 weeks of gestation delivered in Cruces University Hospital (Spain). Two ...
Elnaggar Adam C - - 2012
: Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the vagina is extremely rare. Treatment options in pregnancy are complex owing to the aggressive tumor type and poor prognosis. : We report the case of a gravid woman diagnosed with stage IVB neuroendocrine carcinoma of the vagina at 16 weeks of gestation. Disease responded to ...
Callaghan William M - - 2012
Although dramatic improvements in pregnancy care and in general population health facilitated a dramatic decline in maternal mortality in the United States during the 20th century, women still die from complications of pregnancy. Moreover, rates appear to have increased during the early 21st century. This overview will provide context for ...
Burch Deborah - - 2012
At the beginning of the 20th century, maternal mortality was a leading cause of death for women of reproductive age in the United States. Obstetrical care was not standardized, and there was a lack of universal systems for monitoring maternal deaths. Public health efforts of surveillance, along with advances in ...
Legro Richard S - - 2012
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of female infertility and first line treatment is currently oral clomiphene citrate, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, which results in both a high nonresponse rate and multiple pregnancy rate. Aromatase inhibitors such as letrozole may have more favorable ovarian and endometrial effects. ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2012
Abstract Twin pregnancies are at higher risk for fetal mortality when compared with singleton pregnancies. Single fetal demise occurs in 3.7-6.8% of all twin pregnancies and considerably increases the complication rate in the co-twin including fetal loss, premature delivery, and end-organ damage. In this review, we summarize the current information ...
Ibrahim Isa - - 2012
The female is programmed to nurture one fetus and to take care of one neonate at a time; hence, twin pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preterm deliveries, perinatal morbidity, and mortality and maternal complications. This study aimed to determine the twinning rate, and maternal and fetal outcomes ...
Stock Sarah J SJ Tommy's Centre for Maternal and Fetal Health, MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh, Queen's Medical Research Institute, UK. - - 2012
To determine neonatal outcomes (perinatal mortality and special care unit admission) and maternal outcomes (mode of delivery, delivery complications) of elective induction of labour compared with expectant management. Retrospective cohort study using an unselected population database. Consultant and midwife led obstetric units in Scotland 1981-2007. 1,271,549 women with singleton pregnancies ...
Sullivan Amyelizabeth - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the optimal time to deliver uncomplicated monochorionic-diamnionic (MCDA) twins. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrospectively obtained from twin pregnancies from 2000 through 2009. The gestational week-specific prospective perinatal mortality risk was calculated. A cohort of MCDA twins with nonindicated deliveries was analyzed separately. Neonatal outcomes and ...
Terakawa Jumpei - - 2011
The ovary is the main secretory source of progestin and estrogen and is indispensable to the maintenance of all events of pregnancy in mice. The purpose of this study was to control all processes of pregnancy in mice, from embryo implantation to parturition, without ovaries. The ovaries were removed before ...
Smith J Shaun - - 2012
Pregnancy in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with a maternal mortality of 30-50% despite modern treatment modalities. The majority of maternal deaths in PAH patients occur either during labor and delivery or within 1 month postpartum. Cardiovascular collapse is attributed to a mismatch between the physiologic limitations ...
Zenclussen Maria L - - 2011
Citation Zenclussen ML, Jensen F, Rebelo S, El-Mousleh T, Casalis PA, Zenclussen AC. Heme oxygenase-1 expression in the ovary dictates a proper oocyte ovulation, fertilization, and corpora lutea maintenance. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  Animals deficient in Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, Hmox1(-/-) mice) have impaired pregnancies, characterized by intrauterine fetal ...
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