Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 925
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fardiazar Zahra Z Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is considered as one of the leading causes of maternal mortality during pregnancy and postpartum period. In this retrospective study the medical records of 81 women diagnosed with Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) between 2009 and 2012 in Tabriz Al-Zahra hospital was participated. These ...
Guxens Mònica M From theaCenter for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain; bHospital del Mar Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain; cSpanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; dInserm, Team of Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, U823, Grenoble, France; eUniversity Grenoble-Alpes, Institut Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France; fDepartment of Epidemiology Lazio Regional Health Service, Rome, Italy; gUniversity of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; hCenter for Public Health Research (CSISP)/FISABIO, Valencia, Spain; iInstitute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; jDepartment of Social Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; kInserm, Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health (CESP), U1018, Epidemiology of Diabetes, Obesity and Kidney Disease: Lifelong Approach Team, Paris, France; lUniversity Paris-Sud, UMRS 1018, France; mCentre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, United Kingdom; nBiomedical Research Center, University of Granada; Granada, Spain; oLaboratory of Medical Investigations, San Cecilio University Hospital; Granada, Spain; pPreventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain; qDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus Medical Centre-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; rThe Generation R Study, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; sDepartment of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; tIUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Düsseldorf, Germany; uNational School of Public Health, Athens, Greece; vEpidemiology and clinical research unit, Hopital Beaujon, APHP, Paris, France; wINSERM, UMR S953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women's and Childrens' Health, Paris, France; xDepartment of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Basque Country (EHU/UPV), San Sebastian, Spain; yBioDonostia Health Research Institute, San Sebastian, Spain; zDepartment of Social Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Methodology, University of Basque Country (EHU/UPV), San Sebastian, Spain; aaATMO Poitou-Charentes, La Rochelle, France; bbDanish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark; ccEnvironmental Chemical Processes Laboratory (ECPL), University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; ddDepartment of Psychiatry, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; eeHelmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Neuherberg, Germany; ffLudwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometrics and Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany; ggDepartment of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; hhThe ABCD Study Group, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; iiDepartment of Hygiene, Social and Environmental Medicine, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; jjJulius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands; kkInstitute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden; and llPompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence from laboratory animal and human studies suggests that air pollution exposure during pregnancy affects cognitive and psychomotor development in childhood. We analyzed data from 6 European population-based birth cohorts-GENERATION R (The Netherlands), DUISBURG (Germany), EDEN (France), GASPII (Italy), RHEA (Greece), and INMA (Spain)-that recruited mother-infant pairs from 1997 ...
Pedersen Marie M From the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain (M.P., L.S., M.J.N., P.D.); CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain (M.P., M.J.N., P.D.); Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain (M.P., M.J.N., P.D.); INSERM, U823, Team of Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Institute Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France (M.P., R.S.); Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago (L.S.); University Joseph Fourier, Institute Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France (R.S.); Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark (M.S., O.R.-N.); and Department of Maternal-Foetal Medicine, ICGON, Hospital ClinicIDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (F.F.). - - 2014
Pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders can lead to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but the cause of these conditions is not well understood. We have systematically reviewed and performed a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies investigating the association between exposure to ambient air pollution and pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders including gestational hypertension and ...
Chung Man-Kin MK Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To examine the seasonality of fetal trisomy 21 and its relationship with ambient air pollutants. Methods: The averaged incidence by month-of-conception of the 113 cases (2002-2009) in our registry was correlated with month of conception and monthly ambient levels of nitrogen oxides (NOx, NO and NO2), sulfur dioxide, ...
Enkhmaa Davaasambuu - - 2014
Air pollution is a major health challenge worldwide and has previously been strongly associated with adverse reproductive health. This study aimed to examine the association between spontaneous abortion and seasonal variation of air pollutants in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Monthly average O3, SO2, NO2, CO, PM10 and PM2.5 levels were measured at ...
Stingone Jeanette A JA Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
Epidemiologic literature suggests exposure to air pollutants is associated with fetal development. To investigate maternal exposures to air pollutants during weeks two through eight of pregnancy and congenital heart defects. Mothers from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a nine-state case-control study, were assigned one-week and seven-week averages of daily ...
Hannam Kimberly K Kimberly Hannam, Academic Rheumatology, Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK. - - 2014
Previous work suggests an association between air pollution exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes, even at relatively low concentrations. Our aim was to quantify the effect of air pollution having an adverse effect on preterm birth (PTB) and fetal growth in a large UK cohort using a novel exposure estimation technique ...
Gehring Ulrike U From the aInstitute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; and bSchool of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
Motorized traffic is an important source of both air pollution and community noise. While there is growing evidence for an adverse effect of ambient air pollution on reproductive health, little is known about the association between traffic noise and pregnancy outcomes. We evaluated the impact of residential noise exposure on ...
Ritz Beate B Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA, 650 Charles E. Young Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA; The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few previous studies examined the impact of prenatal air pollution exposures on fetal development based on ultrasound measures during pregnancy. In a prospective birth cohort of more than 500 women followed during 1993-1996 in Los Angeles, California, we examined how air pollution impacts fetal growth during pregnancy. Exposure to traffic ...
Gray Simone C - - 2014
Both air pollution exposure and socioeconomic status (SES) are important indicators of children's health. Using highly resolved modeled predictive surfaces, we examine the joint effects of air pollution exposure and measures of SES in a population level analysis of pregnancy outcomes in North Carolina (NC). Daily measurements of particulate matter ...
Vizcaino Esther E Unit of Molecular Cancer Epidemiology, Universitary Institute of Oncology of the Principality of Asturias (IUOPA), Spain; Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Oviedo, Julián Clavería, s/n, 33006 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain; Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDÆA-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18, 08034 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prenatal life is the most sensitive stage of human development to environmental pollutants. Early exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may increase the risk of adverse health effects during childhood. The mechanisms of transference of POPs during pregnancy are still not well understood. The present study is aimed to investigate ...
Yamamoto Dai D Nonclinical Research Center, Drug Development Service Segment, LSI Medience - - 2014
Air purifiers, which release positive and negative ions generated by an electric discharge into the air, have been widely used in common households. In this study, the developmental toxicity potential of the ionized air containing positive and negative ions was evaluated in SD rats [Crl:CD(SD)] following whole-body inhalation to obtain ...
Melo Brena B Institute of Integrative Medicine Professor Fernando Figueira, Recife, PE, - - 2014
Objective: The present study aimed at assessing the association between environmental temperature and the relative humidity of the air with frequency of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Methods: A prospective and retrospective, descriptive, ecological study was held at a teaching maternity in Recife, Brazil. Data from all 26.125 pregnant women admitted ...
Lin Ching-Chun CC Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, 17 Syujhou Road, Taipei 10055, Taiwan. - - 2014
To investigate the association between the ambient air pollution levels during the prenatal and postnatal stages and early childhood neurobehavioral development, our study recruited 533 mother-infant pairs from 11 towns in Taiwan. All study subjects were asked to complete childhood neurobehavioral development scales and questionnaires at 6 and 18 months. ...
Dag Zeynep Ozcan ZO Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. The neurological complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia are responsible for a major proportion of the morbidity and mortality for women and their infants alike. Hormonal changes during pregnancy and the puerperium carry an increased risk of venous thromboembolism including ...
Heck Julia E JE Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, 650 Charles E Young Dr, Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Little is known about the etiology of neuroblastoma, the most common cancer in infancy. In this study, we examined maternal exposure to ambient air toxics in pregnancy in relation to neuroblastoma in the child. We ascertained all cases of neuroblastoma listed in the California Cancer Registry 1990-2007 that could be ...
Pedersen Marie M Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain; Centros de Investigación Biomédica en Red Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain; INSERM, U823, Team of Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Institute Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Ambient air pollution has been associated with restricted fetal growth, which is linked with adverse respiratory health in childhood. We assessed the effect of maternal exposure to low concentrations of ambient air pollution on birthweight. We pooled data from 14 population-based mother-child cohort studies in 12 European countries. Overall, the ...
Cenksoy Pınar Ozcan - - 2013
To evaluate the relationship between the pregnancy rate (PR) and the positioning of the intrauterine catheter at embryo transfer (ET) under transabdominal ultrasound (US) guidance in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Prospective data analysis of 281 consecutive US-guided fresh ETs performed by a single physician at Yeditepe University Hospital IVF ...
Janghorbani Mohsen M Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Although several studies have investigated the association between maternal exposure to air pollution and preterm birth, the results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to further investigate the relation between maternal exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight ...
Slama Rémy - - 2013
Epidemiologic studies have reported associations between air pollution levels and semen characteristics, which might in turn affect a couple's ability to achieve a live birth. Our aim was to characterize short-term effects of atmospheric pollutants on fecundability (the month-specific probability of pregnancy among noncontracepting couples). For a cohort of births ...
Xu Xiaohui - - 2013
Ambient air pollution has been implicated in the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). However, evidence of the association between air pollution and HDP is still limited, and the effects of gaseous air pollutants on HDP and their time windows of exposure have not been well studied. We used ...
Hou Hai Yan - - 2013
To examine the associations between the ambient air pollution and early fetal loss. A retrospective case-control study was conducted. 959 fetal losses and 959 normal intrauterine pregnancies within 14 weeks of pregnancy in 15 general or obstetrics and gynecology hospitals were selected into case and control groups, respectively. Data based on ...
Miyague Andre H AH Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetricia da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo (FMRP-USP), Ribeirao Preto, Brazil. - - 2013
To compare maternal flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and nitrite concentration between third trimester of pregnancy (3rdT) and postpartum (PP) period. Additionally, we will evaluate whether FMD correlates with nitrite concentration in both periods. Eligibility criteria was healthy women with singleton pregnancy, gestational age >28 weeks, nonsmokers, and ...
Romão Rodrigo - - 2013
Atmospheric pollution is a global public health problem. The adverse effects of air pollution are strongly associated with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and, to a lesser extent, with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study analyzes the relationship between exposure to PM10 and low birth weight in the city of Santo André, ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2013
Measurement of carbon monoxide in expired air samples (ECO) is a non-invasive, cost-effective biochemical marker for smoking. Cut points of 6ppm-10ppm have been established, though appropriate cut-points for pregnant woman have been debated due to metabolic changes. This study assessed whether an ECO cut-point identifying at least 90% of pregnant ...
Mainolfi Maria B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: In this retrospective cohort (1998 to 2007), 145,445 singleton live births in Hillsborough, Florida, were analyzed to elucidate the relationship between fetal morbidity and prenatal exposure to six criteria air pollutants. METHODS:: This study was based on three linked databases: Florida Hospital Discharge, vital statistics records, and air pollution ...
Smarr Melissa M MM Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2029, USA. - - 2013
Recently, several international research groups have suggested that studies about environmental contaminants and adverse pregnancy outcomes should be designed to elucidate potential underlying biological mechanisms. The purpose of this review is to examine the epidemiological studies addressing maternal exposure to air pollutants and fetal growth during gestation as assessed by ...
Adetona Olorunfemi - - 2013
Although the production and use of some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been banned or highly restricted, human exposure remains a subject of investigation due to their environmental persistence. Physiological changes during pregnancy may affect the disposition of POPs in the mother's body, and thus fetal exposure. Changes in serum ...
Malmqvist Ebba - - 2013
Background: Several studies have estimated associations between air pollution and birth outcomes, but few have evaluated potential effects on pregnancy complications.Objective: We investigated whether low-level exposure to air pollution is associated with gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.Methods: High-quality registry information on 81,110 singleton pregnancy outcomes in southern Sweden during 1999-2005 was ...
Olsson David - - 2013
Our aim was to study the possible associations between exposure to elevated levels of air pollution, ozone (O(3)) and vehicle exhaust (NO(x)), during early gestation, and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and small for gestational age. Prospective register-based cohort study. The Swedish Medical Birth Register includes data ...
Lin Shuiqin - - 2013
In Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling site near Shantou, Guangdong province, China, primitive ways of e-waste processing have caused severe cadmium and lead pollution to the local residents. However, the possible effects of cadmium or lead pollution to genomic integrity of the local residents have not been investigated. We examined ...
Amegah Adeladza K AK Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. - - 2013
The epidemiological evidence linking socioeconomic deprivation with adverse pregnancy outcomes has been conflicting mainly due to poor measurement of socioeconomic status (SES). Studies have also failed to evaluate the plausible pathways through which socioeconomic disadvantage impacts on pregnancy outcomes. We investigated the importance of maternal SES as determinant of birth ...
Esteves Sandro C - - 2012
This article describes how Androfert complied with the Brazilian Cells and Germinative Tissue Directive with regard to air quality standards and presents retrospective data of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes performed in controlled environments. An IVF facility, composed of reproductive laboratories, operating room and embryo-transfer room, was constructed according to ...
Heyl Peter S - - 2012
This report presents findings from two state-based pregnancy-related reviews of deaths due to pulmonary embolism to describe prevalence, risk factors, and timing of symptoms and fatal events (N = 46). We examined the utility of state-based maternal mortality review teams as a means to gain more complete data on maternal deaths from ...
Surgers L - - 2012
The outcome of bacterial bloodstream infections during pregnancy has greatly improved over the last few decades. However, there are no recent data on the characteristics of bacteremia in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and microbiological features of bacteremia and to assess maternal and fetal ...
Iacobelli Silvia - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To describe the maternal and neonatal outcomes of a large cohort of adolescent pregnancies in a tertiary care hospital at Reunion Island. Methods: Retrospective study of all primiparous singleton pregnancies over 10.5 years. Adolescent (< 18 years) were compared to 18-29 years pregnancies. The maternal outcomes were obstetric ...
Creanga Andreea A - - 2012
: To compare trends in and causes of pregnancy-related mortality by race, ethnicity, and nativity from 1993 to 2006. : We used data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. For each race, ethnicity, and nativity group, we calculated pregnancy-related mortality ratios and assessed causes of pregnancy-related death and the time ...
Rutherford John D - - 2012
With increasing maternal age and the presence of comorbid conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular assessment and monitoring is the responsibility of all clinicians caring for pregnant patients. Furthermore, there are specific conditions, such as mitral stenosis, peripartum cardiomyopathy, and preeclampsia, that can be associated with heart failure and secondary maternal ...
Klemetti M - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our objective was to examine the trends in prepregnancy BMI and glycaemic control among Finnish type 1 diabetic patients and their relation to delivery mode and perinatal outcome. METHODS: We analysed the obstetric records of 881 type 1 diabetic women with a singleton childbirth during 1989-2008. Maternal prepregnancy weight ...
Visconti Kevin - - 2012
Ectopic pregnancies remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in women of reproductive age. Management of these pregnancies has changed dramatically over the years. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone composed of 2 dissimilar subunits, alpha and beta, joined non-covalently. The free beta-subunit is the principal immuno-reactive ...
Kocijancic Dusica Maksimilijan - - 2012
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are one of the leading causes of maternal death in the world and one of the major causes of perinatal mortality. The incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is 8%-15%. Significant changes of biochemical parameters in cases of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are increased levels of ...
Jana Narayan - - 2012
Aim:  Despite tuberculosis (TB) being a global problem, maternal TB remains an unrecognized and underestimated tragedy, especially in South Asian countries. Therefore, we performed a non-systematic review regarding implications of maternal TB on obstetric and perinatal outcomes in the South Asian context. Material and Methods:  We reviewed original studies, both ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between pregnancy intendedness and utilization of recommended prenatal care for mothers and vaccinations for children against six vaccine preventable diseases in rural India using a prospective dataset. To examine the association between pregnancy intention and neonatal and infant mortality in rural India. The study is based ...
Mhyre Jill M - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent developments in maternal mortality surveillance, and draws from recent confidential mortality reports to suggest ways the anesthesiologist can contribute to safer systems of care. RECENT FINDINGS: Maternal mortality rates appear to be static in much of the developed world, but are increasing in ...
Adegoke Adetoro A - - 2012
A significant reduction in maternal mortality was witnessed globally in the year 2010, yet, no significant reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Nigeria was recorded. The absence of accurate data on the numbers, causes and local factors influencing adverse maternal outcomes has been identified as a major obstacle ...
Carvalho Natalie - - 2012
BACKGROUND Afghanistan has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world. We assess the health outcomes and cost-effectiveness of strategies to improve the safety of pregnancy and childbirth in Afghanistan. METHODS Using national and sub-national data, we adapted a previously validated model that simulates the natural history ...
Burgos Jorge J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cruces University Hospital, Biscay, Spain. - - 2012
To analyse the impact of a change in the management of prolonged pregnancies from inducing labour at 42(+0) to induction at 41(0-6). Retrospective cohort study. Analysis of 3563 single pregnancies with cephalic presentation of ≥ 41 weeks of gestation delivered in Cruces University Hospital (Spain). Two cohorts were compared corresponding ...
Hyacinth Hyacinth I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal malaria is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Diagnosis of neonatal malaria is difficult because of the similarity in clinical presentation with other neonatal infections. This study aim to highlight the clinical presentations and high mortality still associated with neonatal malaria. METHODS: Twenty four ...
Elnaggar Adam C - - 2012
: Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the vagina is extremely rare. Treatment options in pregnancy are complex owing to the aggressive tumor type and poor prognosis. : We report the case of a gravid woman diagnosed with stage IVB neuroendocrine carcinoma of the vagina at 16 weeks of gestation. Disease responded to ...
Callaghan William M - - 2012
Although dramatic improvements in pregnancy care and in general population health facilitated a dramatic decline in maternal mortality in the United States during the 20th century, women still die from complications of pregnancy. Moreover, rates appear to have increased during the early 21st century. This overview will provide context for ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >