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Kegler Michelle C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with successful neighborhood mobilization to prevent teen pregnancy using a positive youth development approach. METHODS: A multiple case study was conducted on 5 neighborhood partnerships using in-person interviews with key informants, observation of meetings, and review of existing documents. RESULTS: Competent staff, strong sense of ...
Scafetta N - - 2003
We study the births to teenagers during the years 1964-2000 and analyze separately the three main racial/ethnic groups in Texas (White, Hispanic, and African American), as well as married and unmarried teens during the years 1994-2000. By using traditional statistical methods of analysis and a filter based on the multiresolution ...
Oboro V O - - 2003
Our objective was to study the pregnancy outcomes among teenagers in a rural Nigerian setting. Single births to 1394 nulliparous mothers aged <or=19 during 1996-2001 at three district general hospitals were studied retrospectively. The outcome of pregnancy was compared with that of 1488 older nulliparae aged 20-24 years who delivered ...
East Patricia P Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, USA. - - 2003
The siblings of adolescents who have been pregnant or are parents have disproportionately high rates of teenage pregnancies and births. California's Adolescent Sibling Pregnancy Prevention Program is targeted at these high-risk youths. An evaluation of the program was conducted in 1997-1999 with 1,176 predominantly Hispanic 11-17-year-olds who had at least ...
Perrin Karen Kay - - 2003
This paper examines the history of abstinence education in the United States and the empirical evidence of its effectiveness in preventing teenage pregnancy. It concludes that abstinence education has not yet been proven effective, and therefore recommends that federal policy and funding should be directed towards teen pregnancy prevention programs ...
Davies Susan L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of wanting to become pregnant among a sample of 462 sexually active nonpregnant African American adolescent females. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios, their 95% confidence intervals, and respective P values. RESULTS: Significant correlates with pregnancy desire included ...
Goodwin W - - 2003
During February and March 2000, human remains were recovered from the Holy Loch, Scotland. Police enquiries identified 13 males that had gone missing, presumed drowned in the Holy Loch or the adjoining lochs, over the previous 35 years. Osteological examination of the remains established they were from a male, aged ...
Bender Sóley - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Iceland is often considered very similar to the other Nordic countries. The purpose of this study was to explore trends in teenage fertility, abortion, and pregnancy rates in Iceland, compare these trends with corresponding rates in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden during the period 1976-99, and to evaluate similarities ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2003
A 23-year-old patient of mine has been taking St John's wort for postpartum depression for about 2 years. She is now planning her second pregnancy. Is she or her fetus at risk if she continues to take the herbal therapy? Despite the widespread availability and use of St John's wort ...
Crosby Richard A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively identify psychosocial predictors of pregnancy among African-American adolescent females. METHODS: African-American females, 14-18 yrs old, were recruited from schools and health clinics in low-income neighborhoods. Adolescents completed an in-depth survey and provided urine specimens for pregnancy testing at baseline and 6-month intervals for 1.5 years. Selected problem ...
Tabi Marian M - - 2002
DESIGN: Qualitative methodology was used to validate elements of an educational career youth developmental model (ECYDM) to reduce teenage pregnancy among African American teens in two inner city urban communities. The specific aims of the study were to gain understanding of the factors contributing to teenage pregnancy and to identify ...
Chandra P C - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare pregnancy outcomes for teenagers with those for older gravidas. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was undertaken to compare teenagers who delivered between January 1996 and October 1999 at a public urban hospital with a group of older gravidas. RESULTS: Young pregnant teenagers were more likely to ...
Montgomery Kristen S - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 15% of all adolescent pregnancies are planned. Little previous research has been conducted regarding why adolescents choose pregnancy or what the experience is like for them. METHOD: Phenomenology was used to describe adolescents' experience planning their current pregnancy. Eight pregnant adolescents (ages 14 to 17 years) were interviewed. ...
Wackett Jeff - - 2002
Teen pregnancy has declined throughout North America in the 1990s. In Yukon Territory, Canada, teen pregnancy in the late 1990s was almost 40% lower than in the early 1990s. This rate of decline is significantly greater than most recently reported national rates of teen pregnancy decline in Canada and United ...
Sharma Sanjay - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to define physiologic limits of left ventricular hypertrophy in elite adolescent athletes. BACKGROUND: Systematic sports training may cause increased left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT), creating uncertainty regarding the differential diagnosis of athlete's heart from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This distinction is crucial because HCM is ...
Martyn Kristy K - - 2002
PURPOSE: To describe lucky adolescents who unintentionally avoid pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: The second phase of a descriptive qualitative study in which 17 low-income African-American females ages 19 to 26 participated in open-ended interviews on how they avoided pregnancy as adolescents. RESULTS: Constant comparative analysis revealed that five of the ...
Martin Jean-Louis - - 2002
This paper describes the relationship between crash incidence rates and hourly traffic volume and discusses the influence of traffic on crash severity, based on observations made on 2000 km of French interurban motorways over 2 years. Incidence rates involving property damage-only crashes and injury-crashes are highest when traffic is lightest ...
Creatsas G - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the incidence, complications and follow-up of adolescent pregnancies. METHODS: The medical records of two university departments of obstetrics and gynecology, were evaluated for the period 1985-1998. RESULTS: From a total of 71,680 births, 5,398 (7.53%) occurred in adolescent mothers, aged 14-19 years old. ...
Vikat A - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyse sociodemographic differences in the occurrence of pregnancies to 14 to 19 year olds and changes in these differences from 1987 to 1998. DESIGN: Follow up of adolescent survey respondents using registers. Setting and subjects: The dataset includes information on all registered pregnancies (abortions, births, and miscarriages, ...
Buchmann E J EJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 2002
Legal termination of pregnancy (TOP) was introduced in South Africa in 1996. No data are available to relate the numbers of TOPs to the total number of pregnancies in specific health regions. The level of use of TOPs by women of different age groups is not known. To determine the ...
Bezerra Flávia F - - 2002
Physiologic adaptation to the high calcium demand during pregnancy and lactation may be different in adolescents than in adults, particularly at low calcium intake. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare biochemical markers of calcium and bone metabolism between adolescent (14-19 y) and adult (21-35 y) women with ...
Raymond John W - - 2002
The maximum common subgraph (MCS) problem has become increasingly important in those aspects of chemoinformatics that involve the matching of 2D or 3D chemical structures. This paper provides a classification and a review of the many MCS algorithms, both exact and approximate, that have been described in the literature, and ...
Vardi-Saliternik R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In Israel lives a heterogeneous population; most of the inhabitants are Jews, and about a fifth of the population is made up of other religions, mainly Muslim Arabs including Bedouins, Christian Arabs and Druze. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: A national survey was performed on consanguineous marriages in Israeli Arabs and Druze ...
Anda Robert F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated risk factors that predispose males to be involved in teen pregnancies. To provide new information on such factors, we examined the relationships of eight common adverse childhood experiences to a male's risk of impregnating a teenager. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using questionnaire ...
Kenan G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Consanguineous marriages are one of the means by which lineal clans maintain themselves. As it happens, there is a biological price to be paid for consanguinity, which is strongly felt particularly in populations where mortality is low. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to estimate trends in consanguinity among the ...
Ukil Dipti - - 2002
Britain has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in the European Union. In the younger teenager inadequate sex education, poor knowledge of and use of contraception, resulting from poor home circumstances and a high school drop-out rate appear to be important aetiological factors. A dedicated teenage clinic can enhance pregnancy ...
Ballesteros Michael F - - 2002
Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death among teenagers in the US. The present study examines how crash rates and crash characteristics differed among drivers aged 16-21 in the state of Maryland from 1996 to 1998. The results show that, based on police reports. the youngest drivers ...
Westenberg Leontine - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy characteristics and outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal teenagers. DESIGN, SETTING AND POPULATION: A retrospective cohort study using the perinatal data collection for South Australian births in 1995-1999: 449 Aboriginal and 4,625 non-Aboriginal teenagers. METHODS: Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, using relative risks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Rogers Dianne - - 2002
In partnership with the Young/Single Parent Support Network of Ottawa-Carleton and Timmin's Native Friendship Centre, the Canadian Institute of Child Health has completed a framework to reduce the rate of teen pregnancy in Canada. The final document is called Pro-Action, Postponement, and Preparation/Support: A Framework for Action to Reduce the ...
Shrestha Sarala - - 2002
Early child bearing is a widely observed phenomenon in Nepal. However, little information is available in regard to its contributing factors. This retrospective exploratory study was carried out to determine factors contributing to adolescent pregnancy in rural Nepal. Cluster sampling technique was used to select the study settings. The findings ...
van der Klis Karin A M - - 2002
To describe trends in teenage pregnancy rates in South Australia and Australia in 1970-2000, and the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics and outcomes of teenage women who gave birth in South Australia in 1995-99. A descriptive study using population-based legislated South Australian perinatal and abortion data, Australian Medicare and hospital morbidity ...
Klerman Lorraine V - - 2002
The rates of adolescent pregnancies and births in the United States are higher than those in most industrialized nations. Fortunately, the rates of sexual activity, pregnancies, and births have declined in the last few years. Contraceptive use has increased and the induced abortion rate and ratio have also declined. The ...
Merrick Joav - - 2002
Teenage or adolescent pregnancy requires the extensive involvement of health care workers in respect to the medical and social aspects of pregnancy, delivery, and later care of both mother and child. Trends in adolescent pregnancy over the last few years from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom are ...
Drayton Vonna Lou Caleb - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of contraceptive use among teenage mothers who were participating, and teenage mothers who were not participating, in a program in Jamaica that had been established to deal with the country's serious problem of repeat pregnancies among adolescents. METHODS: A historical cohort design was used to ...
Cohan Catherine L - - 2002
Change in marriage, birth, and divorce rates following Hurricane Hugo in 1989 were examined prospectively from 1975 to 1997 for all counties in South Carolina. Stress research and research on economic circumstances suggested that marriages and births would decline and divorces would increase in affected counties after the hurricane. Attachment ...
Feingold Ellen - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We attempt to resolve the question of whether pregnancy complications and perinatal trauma, including brain insults, in premature infants increase the susceptibility to eating disorder symptomatology during the adolescent years. METHOD: This study uses a historical, prospective methodology to investigate the 84 members of a cohort of infants born ...
Hays Richard - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To trial in Australian general practice a performance assessment module based on review of a sample of videotaped consultations. DESIGN: As part of a broader project 33 doctors provided 20 videotaped consultations collected according patient age, gender and problems encountered. The consultations were rated by a single trained rater. ...
Hoyt Helina H - - 2002
Teenage pregnancy is a well-documented problem in the United States, with approximately 890,000 teenage pregnancies occurring each year. Although teen pregnancy rates have declined since 1991, rates remain higher than the mid-1970s and are fourfold those of European countries. Substantial morbidity and social problems result from these pregnancies, affecting the ...
Raine Tina - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess racial/ethnic differences in pregnancy and contraceptive choice among adolescent family planning patients. METHODS: The charts of 605 female adolescents presenting to a teen family planning clinic for an initial visit were retrospectively reviewed for demographic and reproductive health information, sexual risk behaviors, pregnancy, and current and dispensed ...
Lorberbaum Jeffrey P - - 2002
The evolutionary form of the iterated prisoner's dilemma (IPD) is a repeated game where players strategically choose whether to cooperate with or exploit opponents and reproduce in proportion to game success. It has been widely used to study the evolution of cooperation among selfish agents. In the past 15 years, ...
Kosunen Elise A L - - 2002
AIMS: This study analyses trends and regional variation in teenage pregnancy, abortion, and fertility rates in Finland in the 1990s, by single-year age group. METHODS: Individual-level data from Finnish abortion and birth registers maintained by the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES) were used to calculate ...
Lipovsek Varja - - 2002
Recent data indicate that nearly one in three Bolivian adolescent females becomes pregnant prior to reaching age twenty. This article presents the results of a study undertaken to address the question of why some female adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia, become pregnant while others in similar circumstances avoid early pregnancy. ...
Hamlyn Cathy - - 2002
The head of the Government's Teenage Pregnancy Unit at the Department of Health discusses the incidence and causes of the UK's high teenage pregnancy rates and the risk factors. She outlines current Government strategy and progress towards reducing the rate of teenage conceptions. These include initiatives to improve sex and ...
Carter Kimberly F - - 2002
Despite recent declining national trends, teenage pregnancy continues to be a community health problem warranting attention, especially in rural areas of the southern United States. Communities are unique and require assessment of risk populations to develop appropriate initiatives. This pilot study examined consent strategies and survey procedures and tools. Additionally, ...
Ford Kathleen - - 2002
About one-third of adolescent mothers receive inadequate prenatal care, and babies born to young mothers are more likely to be of low birth weight. The objective of this study is to evaluate a peer-centered prenatal care program for adolescent mothers. Pregnant adolescents were randomly assigned to an experimental or control ...
Roye Carol F - - 2002
The United States has a high rate of teen pregnancies. The Food and Drug Administration recently approved hormonal emergency contraception (EC), which can be used after unprotected intercourse to reduce the likelihood that a pregnancy will occur. Several pill regimens that are now available by prescription only are safe and ...
Sharma Arun K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Social factors and prevalent norms in the community determine the proportion of teenage pregnancy in the community. In the light of high risk associated with teenage pregnancy, the socio-cultural determinants, which influence the conception among teenagers in Nepal, need to be understood. These determinants may be modified by suitable ...
Russell W M S - - 2002
This article discusses three serious wars that were averted and the three men who averted them. In 1478-79, Pope Sixtus IV's hatred of the Medici culminated in aggressive war against Florence, supported by his powerful ally King Ferrante of Naples. The initial stags of this war were indecisive, but it ...
Rothenberg Andrea - - 2002
The impact of early pregnancy and parenting on adolescents is well documented, with its negative effects on achieving adequate education, job skills training, gainful employment and economic independence duly recognized. While current interest and resources focus on abstinence only programs as major pregnancy prevention initiatives, we are increasingly failing those ...
Skues R A - - 2001
In a recent article in this journal, Philip Kuhn (1999) criticised Peter Swales's 1982 thesis that Minna Bernays, Freud's sister-in-law, aborted the child that she had conceived by Freud during their summer travels together in 1900, and proposed instead that the aliquis slip of around this time reveals a momentary ...
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