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Results 351 - 400 of 926
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Hellman Chan M - - 2004
In this article, we present psychometric properties on the 14-item Harvey Imposter Phenomenon (IP) Scale (Harvey, 1981) among a sample of U.S. adolescents (N = 136). Item analyses, internal consistency reliability, and principal components analysis (PCA) were computed to assess the reliability and factor structure of the IP scores. Although ...
Mc Millan H M - - 2004
This study aims to provide a demographic analysis of teenage pregnancy and a needs-assessment for teenage family planning. A questionnaire was sent to all teenage mothers delivered in 2000 in Waterford Regional Hospital (WRH), and demographic analysis was performed. There were 118 teenage pregnancies, only 88% were primigravid, and 24% ...
Briscoe Todd A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effects of chronic placental insufficiency on the metabolic state and organ structure in the fetal and adolescent guinea pig. STUDY DESIGN: The maternal uterine artery was ligated at day 28-30 to reduce placental function and restrict fetal growth. Whole ...
Gilliam Melissa L - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To understand factors influencing use and nonuse of contraception in young, low-income Latina adolescents through focus group conversations. DESIGN: We conducted seven focus group discussions with Latino females in an outpatient clinic and community setting. Qualitative data analyses techniques were used. SETTING: Participants were recruited from the outpatient ...
Davies Susan L - - 2004
This study examined associations between African American adolescent girls' desire to become pregnant and their sexual and relationship practices. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to detect significant associations between pregnancy desire and the assessed correlates. Of 522 participants (14 to 18 years old), 67 (12.8%) were pregnant ...
Santelli John S - - 2004
PURPOSE: To explore the utility of using national data from high school students to explain changes in national declines in pregnancy rates. Although declines in teen pregnancy and birthrates in the 1990s have been welcome news to those interested in adolescent health and welfare, the reasons for these declines are ...
Abreu-Villaça Yael - - 2004
Offspring of women who smoke during pregnancy are themselves more likely to take up smoking in adolescence. We evaluated neurotoxicant effects of prenatal and adolescent nicotine exposure in developing rats to evaluate whether these contribute to a biological basis for this relationship. Rats were given nicotine or vehicle throughout pregnancy ...
Spear Hila J - - 2004
Results not discussed in a previously published qualitative study (Spear, 2001) are presented in this article. Analysis of the personal narratives of eight pregnant adolescents who attended an alternative school for pregnant teens yielded the following categories: decision making, contraceptive behavior and sexual attitudes, and future expectations. The findings revealed ...
Young Tamera - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To identify antecedents of teen pregnancy. METHODS: Data from the National Education Longitudinal Study were analyzed. This data set allowed us to identify eighth-grade antecedents of teen pregnancy/childbearing. RESULTS: The variables that were found to be most predictive of later pregnancy were reflective of internal poverty (locus of control, ...
Ventura Stephanie J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2000, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. METHODS: Tabular data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and briefly described. RESULTS: In 2000 an estimated 6,401,000 pregnancies resulted in 4.06 million ...
McCall Patricia L - - 2004
Beginning in the mid-1980s and extending into the early 1990s, the United States experienced a wave of increased youth violence and teenage pregnancy. Nevin (2000) proffers a cohort-based explanation that these trends can be attributed to corresponding trends in gasoline lead exposure during the youths' early years. He contends that ...
Abreu-Villaça Yael - - 2004
Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the likelihood that the offspring will become smokers in adolescence. In the current study, we evaluated effects of prenatal and adolescent nicotine exposure in rats to assess whether there is a biological basis for this relationship. Pregnant rats were given nicotine or vehicle throughout pregnancy ...
Tattersall Ian - - 2004
The matter of biological differentiation among human beings has been a perennial concern of physical anthropologists, whose profession grew out of the monogenist/polygenist debates of the 18th century, and who periodically feel impelled to issue sonorous pronouncements on the subject. In spite of (or perhaps because of) the extensive and ...
Loewenson Peter R - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess reasons for choosing not to have sexual intercourse among two groups: virgins (primary abstainers) and already sexually experienced youth (secondary abstainers). METHODS: 73,464 Minnesota ninth- and twelfth-grade adolescents completed the 1998 Minnesota Student Survey. Respondents identified reasons for abstinence from a checklist from which they could nominate ...
Barnet Beth - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is associated with increased school dropout rates. Dropping out amplifies the probability of persistent social and economic disadvantage. Whether school-based health centers might help reduce school absenteeism and dropout rates in this group has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of school-based prenatal services ...
Barker Donna J - - 2004
The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain understanding of the lived experience of senior stroke survivors who used prescribed wheelchairs in their homes and communities. The study involved semistructured, in-depth interviews that were conducted with 10 participants, ages 70 to 80 years old, who had used a wheelchair ...
Spear Hila J - - 2004
Two adolescent mothers who participated in a previously published study on teenage pregnancy agreed to participate in follow-up interviews in their homes about 1 1/2 years after giving birth. A naturalistic, qualitative case study approach was used to examine the participants' views and perceptions related to adolescent pregnancy and childbearing. ...
Hufft Anita G - - 2004
This article addresses an aspect of adolescent healthcare that is often forgotten: pregnancy in correctional detention. Young women in corrections face unique problems socially, personally, and with their healthcare. Stress, environmental and legal restrictions, unhealthy lifestyle behaviors prior to pregnancy, and weakened or nonexistent social support systems are common among ...
Fragale Alison R - - 2004
Three studies demonstrate that individuals often rely on a "belief force equals credible source" heuristic to make source judgments, wherein they assume that statements they believe originate from credible sources. In Study 1, participants who were exposed to a statement many times (and hence believed it) were more likely to ...
Hillis Susan D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Few reports address the impact of cumulative exposure to childhood abuse and family dysfunction on teen pregnancy and consequences commonly attributed to teen pregnancy. Therefore, we examined whether adolescent pregnancy increased as types of adverse childhood experiences (ACE score) increased and whether ACEs or adolescent pregnancy was the principal ...
Mehra Sunil - - 2004
Adolescents among the urban and rural poor have a high incidence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) and anemia, more so in girls than in boys. Adolescent pregnancies (15-19 years) contribute to 19% of total fertility in India and record the highest maternal mortality rates. Besides maternal age, lack of education, ...
Montgomery-Andersen Ruth - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent pregnancy is a growing Public Health problem in Greenland, resulting in higher risk of mortality of mothers and their children. Since social and cultural aspects are associated with adolescent pregnancy, a closer look was taken at the situation of adolescent mothers in Greenland and in Native American communities. ...
Gadelha Da Costa Antonio - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to determine the uterine volume of adolescents by ultrasonography, and to correlate it with pregnancy during adolescence and with the immaturity of the female genital tract for pregnancy and delivery. A transverse observational study was conducted on 828 patients who were 10 to ...
Lloyd Susan L - - 2004
The purpose of this study is to describe reflections of parental communication from the perspective of pregnant adolescents prior to pregnancy and during pregnancy. This qualitative design, using grounded theory methodology and semistructured interviews collected data from a convenience sample of predominantly Hispanic adolescent women (n = 30) in 4 ...
Kartoz Connie R - - 2004
Teenage pregnancy rates remain unacceptably high in the United States, despite the availability of numerous contraceptive options. This article examines contraceptive methods currently available to adolescents and highlights newer products that may help meet some of the unique contraceptive needs of sexually active teens. The three newest agents (OrthoEvra trade ...
Quinlivan Julie A - - 2004
It is clear that a variable number of teenage mothers have, to some extent, planned parenthood. From an evolutionary perspective, it could be argued that teenage childbearing may in fact be a positive adaptive mechanism for humans raised in a hostile environment. Life history theory suggests that in risky and ...
Deligeoroglou Efthimios - - 2004
PURPOSE: Recently was noted that teenagers are sexually active in younger ages and demonstrate lower compliance to contraceptive methods. An unintended, and most of the times unwanted pregnancy, brings teenagers before a crisis. The decision for the interruption of the pregnancy is nowadays taken frequently. Purpose of this study was ...
Sadler Lois S - - 2004
Many adolescents use home pregnancy tests when they suspect pregnancy. However, because of developmental issues and greater variation in menstrual cycles, teens are at risk for obtaining false-negative test results. Moreover, with teens, the need for a pregnancy test often accompanies the need for comprehensive reproductive care including evaluation for ...
Montgomery Kristen S - - 2004
Health-care providers need to recognize that not all adolescent pregnancies occur as a result of error. A small subset of adolescents intentionally plan their pregnancy. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of 14- to 17-year-old pregnant females who had planned their pregnancies. Participants were recruited ...
Key Janice D - - 2003
Although there has been recent improvement, teen pregnancy continues to be a significant problem, especially in South Carolina where the birth rate to adolescents is higher than the national average. As this is a complex issue, many different interventions including both primary and secondary prevention as well as modification of ...
O'Brien Kimberly O - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Early childbearing may limit skeletal consolidation and increase calcium demands in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize calcium absorption in pregnant and lactating adolescents. DESIGN: Fractional calcium absorption was evaluated in 23 adolescents (mean +/- SD age: 16.5 +/- 1.4 y) during the third trimester ...
Spear Hila J - - 2003
This study examined qualitative research on adolescent pregnancy to determine designs and methods used and to discover emergent themes across studies. Most of the 22 studies reviewed were described as qualitative or phenomenological by design and included samples comprising either African-American and Caucasian participants or African-Americans exclusively. Based on analysis ...
Borja Judith B - - 2003
Pregnancy during adolescence presents an increased risk for low birthweight, which is attributed not only to physiologic immaturity but also to socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors associated with adolescence. The independent effect of maternal age on birthweight is difficult to ascertain because age is closely entangled with these risks. We ...
Rentschler Dorothy D - - 2003
PURPOSE: To gain a clearer understanding of teens' perspectives on pregnancy and parenting. DESIGN Descriptive qualitative study using grounded theory. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 20 pregnant 15- to 19-year-old teens in the second or third trimester of pregnancy who planned to keep their child. A taped interview of ...
Stark John D - - 2003
The toxicity of the natural insecticide spinosad was assessed against Daphnia pulex (Leydig) using a demographic approach. Data were also generated for the commonly used organophosphorus insecticide diazinon as a comparison. Exposure to spinosad led to a concentration-dependent decline in survival, birth rate (b), net reproductive rate (R(0)), and intrinsic ...
Ventura Stephanie J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-99. Rates for 1991-97 are revised using populations consistent with the April 1, 2000, census; the revised populations are also used for the new 1998-99 rates. METHODS: Tabular and graphic data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by ...
Fleischer Alan B AB - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Treatment of various diseases has been noted to vary by patient demographics. There is reason to suspect that there may be sex and racial differences in the treatment of severe acne. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if treatment of severe acne with oral isotretinoin varied with patient sex, race, ...
Crosby Richard A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that unplanned/unwanted pregnancy may be an important antecedent of negative birth outcomes, such as low birth weight. This study identified correlates of perceiving a current pregnancy as both unplanned and unwanted among unmarried African-American adolescents aged 14-20 years. METHODS: One hundred seventy pregnant adolescents were recruited during ...
Cramer Stewart F - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if myometrial hyperplasia is a congenital variation in myometrial differentiation, or an acquired structural disorder of the myometrium, this study evaluated whether myometrial hyperplasia was present in uteri of children, adolescents, and young adults. METHODS: We studied 19 pediatric/young adult uteri in cases with no clinical history ...
Bunkers Sandra Schmidt - - 2003
This column presents teaching-learning processes involved in gaining an understanding of the stranger or the other--the one we see as so different from ourselves. A paradox concerning the stranger or the other exists in this 21st century. Never has the world been more dangerous, with terrorism continuing to spark suspicions ...
Taffa Negussie - - 2003
This community-based survey describes the socio-economic determinants of teenage pregnancy, experiences of health problems during pregnancy, and health care utilization patterns among adolescents (12-19 years old) in rural Kenya. Characteristics of adolescents with repeated pregnancy experiences were compared with first-time pregnancies. The survey covered 3,132 households from 32 randomly selected ...
Vallone Doris C - - 2003
Denying a pregnancy can result in consequences as tragic as neonaticide--the killing of an infant in the first 24 hours of life. Between 150 and 300 neonaticides are committed each year but the actual prevalence of pregnancy denial is unknown. Adolescents are especially vulnerable to pregnancy denial because the unexpected ...
Jaccard James - - 2003
PURPOSE: To identify aspects of maternal-adolescent relationships that are associated with high ambivalence toward pregnancy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 350 inner-city, African-American females between the ages of 14 and 17 years residing in the Philadelphia metropolitan area. Adolescent females and their resident female caretaker (usually the biological ...
Jaccard James - - 2003
PURPOSE: To document the extent to which adolescents feel ambivalent towards getting pregnant and to examine the relationship between pregnancy attitudes and the occurrence of a pregnancy one year later. Demographic correlates of pregnancy attitudes also were examined. METHODS: This was a prospective study using a subsample of the National ...
Herrera Nicholas C - - 2003
Beliefs about birth rank reflect what the society regards as social reality, and they may also influence that reality. Three studies found that people believe those with different birth ranks differ in their personalities, that higher birth ranks are likely to attain higher occupational prestige, and that the personality characteristics ...
Rishi Rakesh Kumar - - 2003
A study was conducted to assess the knowledge of preparing packet oral rehydration solution (ORS) and home-made salt-sugar solution (SSS) among mothers in Srinagar (Garhwal), Uttaranchal. Two hundred and twenty-five mothers were interviewed. Only a small proportion recognized the ORS packets (18.66%) and only 17.77% mentioned the correct method of ...
Mims Barbara - - 2003
This qualitative study is derived from interviews conducted during a larger quantitative study that examined facilitators and barrier to communication and negotiations in African American families whose teen daughters had one or more unwed teen pregnancies. Based on the larger study's findings that the education of the teens mother was ...
McBaugh Debra - - 2003
States appreciate guidance for activities done infrequently or at only a few locations in the state. For many states, this is the case for decommissioning. Some states have reactors being decommissioned, some DOE sites undergoing cleanup, and some uranium mill or radium sites. Many, however, only occasionally do a small ...
Singh G D - - 2003
To determine changes in soft tissue profile in patients with Class II division 1 malocclusions treated with Twin Block appliances (TBA), 99 pairs of lateral cephalographs were traced and 25 soft tissue landmarks digitized. Procrustes superimposition was used to generate average soft tissue profiles scaled to an equivalent size. Statistical ...
Ekeus Cecilia - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: to describe and compare sexual and reproductive history as well as reactions to the pregnancy and attendance in antenatal care, family classes and childbirth of fathers of babies born to teenage mothers and fathers of babies born to average aged mothers. DESIGN: a descriptive comparative study using a structured ...
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