Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 926
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Wang Shuu-Jiun - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence, impact, and related medication use or overuse of primary chronic daily headache (CDH) among adolescents in a field sample. METHODS: The authors conducted a two-phase CDH survey of all students from ages 12 to 14 years in five selected middle schools in Taiwan. Subjects with ...
Talashek Marie L - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis is to determine whether a developmental maturity model differentially predicts pregnancy for African American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican inner-city teens. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a case control study that tested a model of developmental maturity and ...
Kiefer Raymond J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study examined perceived time to collision (TTC) with automobile drivers under realistic approach, rear-end crash scenario conditions. BACKGROUND: TTC refers to the time before impact if prevailing conditions continue. METHOD: In this test track study involving 51 drivers ranging from 20 to 70 years old, the driver's vision ...
Griffith James T - - 2006
The passing of a law is frequently accompanied by media attention and citizen apathy. In today's healthcare delivery situation, we should understand how a bill becomes law and what happens to the idea that engenders that process. Laws arise from the recommendations of ordinary citizens, but the recommendations follow a ...
Patel Leena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) and optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) in the Greater Manchester and Lancashire (GM&L) region of Northwest England, and to analyze occurrence by location and over time. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based incidence study was undertaken for cases of SOD/ONH from GM&L. Standardized incidence ...
Brindis Claire D - - 2006
Teenage pregnancy prevention has long been on the American public health agenda. Over the past decade, a number of concurrent federal, state, and local policies have responded to the myriad and diverse needs of adolescents, from supporting adolescents who have not initiated sexual intercourse to strategies aimed at avoiding a ...
Garces-Foley Kathleen - - 2006
Within the hospice literature, spirituality and religion are usually defined in opposition to one another, with religion negatively associated with the external, authoritarian doctrines of Christianity and spirituality positively associated with the free search for truth, meaning, and authenticity. According to survey data, however, most Americans integrate spirituality and traditional ...
Sant'Anna Maria José Carvalho - - 2006
Pregnancy during adolescence represents a challenge to society as a whole. Its incidence is increasing and brings about social and medical consequences to both the teen mothers and their children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate pregnant teenager involvement in sexual activity and the social context. The group ...
Arai Lisa - - 2007
Geographic variation in teenage pregnancy is attributable to social and cultural, as well as demographic, factors. In some communities and social networks early childbearing may be acceptable, or even normative. It is these places that are the focus of policy initiatives. This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study ...
Deardorff Julianna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Early pubertal timing predicts deleterious outcomes for young girls, including substance use, risky sexual behavior, and pregnancy. In turn, adolescent pregnancy predicts long-term negative consequences such as reduced educational attainment and income-earning potential. Despite evidence of the direct links between early puberty and negative outcomes, this study is the ...
Gavin Norma I - - 2005
Teen pregnancy is an important public health issue for all teens, but particularly for low-income teens who rely on the public health safety net for services. Medicaid pays for more than two-thirds of deliveries among teenagers in the USA. To discern how this public program serves pregnant teens (aged 11-19 ...
Suebnukarn Keng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The authors' purpose was to assess the occurrence of specific complications of adolescent < or = 15 years old in a tertiary hospital population. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted in a population of adolescents (age < or = 15 years) delivered at the Department of Obstetrics ...
Moon K-H - - 2005
We designed this study to compare the efficacy of using a three-dimension head mounted displayer (3-D HMD) and a conventional monitor in audio-visual sexual stimulation (AVSS) in differential diagnosis of psychogenic from organic erectile dysfunction (ED). Three groups of subjects such as psychogenic ED, organic ED, and healthy control received ...
Canbaz Sevgi - - 2005
Pregnancy in adolescence has been and continues to be a problem in public health. The purpose of this study was to investigate obstetric outcomes of adolescent pregnancies in Samsun, Turkey. A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1 and December 31, 2004, at 3 hospitals in Samsun, Turkey. Of the ...
Li Yin-Ming - - 2005
The relationship between birth weight and maternal sociodemographic characteristics was examined in a sample from two teaching hospitals in eastern Taiwan. Using a structured questionnaire, we conducted face-to-face interviews with women at antenatal clinics between 1998 and 1999 in Hualien City. One year later, we took the outcome of pregnancy ...
Al-Ramahi Muataz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adolescent pregnancies are associated with increased risk of adverse obstetrical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study comparing the obstetric outcome of 267 adolescent pregnancies to 500 adult women pregnancies during the same period at a university hospital. RESULTS: Medical and obstetric complications including ...
Griffin S F - - 2005
This study discusses the development of scales to measure key leaders' self-reported involvement in community capacity building, perceptions of organizational capacity for teen pregnancy prevention, and the relationship between capacity and teen pregnancy rates. Data were collected from 1,516 key leaders across a rural southern state. Findings indicate that key ...
Bonny Andrea E - - 2005
Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is an effective and easy-to-use contraceptive method for adolescents. However, recent literature suggests that overweight teens may be at increased risk for weight gain while on this contraceptive method, and decreases in bone mineral density have been documented in adolescents on DMPA, particularly with longer duration ...
Quinlivan Julie A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It is recognized that pregnant teenagers have higher levels of psychological symptomatology compared to older pregnant women. However, there are limited data on fathers in the setting of teenage pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare levels of psychological symptomatology in fathers in the setting of teenage ...
Hacker Karen - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the application of a transtheoretical model (TTM) of behavioral change to adolescent reproductive health counseling. METHODS: Family planning counselors in Boston Metro school-based and community health centers used a TTM for pregnancy and human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted disease (HIV/STD) prevention. Data were collected from September 2000 through ...
Raatikainen Kaisa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancies have been associated with fetal growth restriction, low birth weight, preterm birth and neonatal mortality. These could be due to biological immaturity, lifestyle factors or inadequate attendance to maternity care. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between young age of the mother and ...
Goonewardene I M R - - 2005
RATIONALE: Recent studies have suggested that teenage pregnancies are not as hazardous as thought to be earlier. OBJECTIVE: To compare the sociodemographic data, obstetric complications and attitudes towards family planning in teenagers and older women. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study at the University Obstetrics Unit, Teaching Hospital, Galle. ...
Kegler Michelle C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe coalition membership, examine associations between coalition processes and short-term coalition outcomes, and assess the relative contribution of key coalition processes to perceived accomplishments in teen pregnancy prevention coalitions. METHODS: A self-administered survey was distributed to active members of 21 teen pregnancy prevention coalitions in 13 communities. The ...
Rosengard Cynthia C Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, RI, USA. - - 2005
To identify psychosocial differences between sexually experienced male adolescents who indicate intentions to get someone pregnant and those who do not. Cross-sectional study of 101 sexually experienced adolescent males recruited from a sexually transmitted disease clinic in northern California. We used Student's t tests and regressions to examine psychosocial differences ...
Greene Albert - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clinicians and researchers in allergy and immunology are often unaware of aspects of stinging insect biology that would be of practical interest to their patients. This review discusses entomological literature pertaining to avoidance of bee and wasp stings, with emphasis on risk factors associated with provoking individual ...
Edwards Maura - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To develop a new model to establish teenagers' perceptions of the aesthetic impact of fluorosis, in the context of overall facial appearance. This web-based model was used to compare different degrees of fluorosis at any one distance, while also comparing the same level of fluorosis at different 'distances'. METHODS: ...
Yildirim Yusuf - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reproductive and obstetric characteristics of adolescent pregnancies in Turkish population. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Social Security Agency (SSK) Aegean Obstetrics and Gynecology Teaching Hospital (tertiary referral center). PATIENTS: One thousand and eight hundred adolescent pregnant women who referred to our center, between January 12, 2002 and March ...
Klein Jonathan D - - 2005
The prevention of unintended adolescent pregnancy is an important goal of the American Academy of Pediatrics and our society. Although adolescent pregnancy and birth rates have been steadily decreasing, many adolescents still become pregnant. Since the last statement on adolescent pregnancy was issued by the Academy in 1998, efforts to ...
Zeteroglu S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rates of cesarean deliveries in two different hospitals, which serve different populations in Turkey. METHODS: The study was conducted at two centers, one of which is a university hospital in a rural area and the other a community hospital in capital city, for 5 years (1999-2003). ...
Wang Bo - - 2005
CONTEXT: More and more Chinese adolescents are engaging in premarital sexual activity. As a result, the numbers of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among Chinese young adults have increased markedly. METHODS: A comprehensive sex education program, including information on abstinence, contraception and healthy sexual behaviors, was carried out ...
Forrester M B - - 2005
The most common major birth defects affecting the oesophagus and trachea are oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF). Epidemiological information on OA and/or TOF in the USA has been derived from only a few populations. Sixty-one cases of OA or TOF were identified through a population-based birth defects registry ...
Harel Zeev - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The new combined estrogen & progestin contraceptive patch Ortho Evra was approved by the FDA in December 2001. To date, there is a paucity of data regarding its use in the adolescent age group. We examined adolescents' experience with this new contraceptive method. METHODS: Using a questionnaire designed by ...
Jaccard James - - 2005
The present study explores 2 key variables in social metacognition: perceived intelligence and perceived levels of knowledge about a specific content domain. The former represents a judgment of one's knowledge at an abstract level, whereas the latter represents a judgment of one's knowledge in a specific content domain. Data from ...
Aslan G - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the sexual functions during pregnancy using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. Pregnancies were recorded in a prospective cohort study comprising 40 healthy pregnant women. Pregnant women who had a stable relationship with their partner were enrolled in the study when ...
Daley Alison Moriarty - - 2005
This study describes a project to determine the incidence of negative pregnancy tests performed in an urban community for teens 18-years old and younger. Pregnancy test logs were kept at a variety of clinical agencies for a three-month period. Five hundred and fifty urine pregnancy tests were performed; 77% were ...
Bonell C C Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK. - - 2005
To examine whether attitude to school is associated with subsequent risk of teenage pregnancy. To test two hypotheses that attitude to school is linked to pregnancy via pathways involving young people having "alternative" expectations or deficits in sexual health knowledge and confidence. Analysis of longitudinal data arising from a trial ...
Fuglsang Anders - - 2005
In a recent publication [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 317 (2004) 957] it was proposed that the 'effective number of codons' (Nc) in a gene should be calculated by summing the individual amino acid Nc's using rounding whenever the codon homozygosities are lower than the reciprocal value of the number of ...
Meade Christina S - - 2005
Behaviors that lead to teen pregnancy also place young women at risk for STDs and repeat pregnancy. Compared to the broad literature on adolescent sexual risk behavior, our understanding of sexual risk in pregnant/mothering teens lags far behind. Primary objectives of this systematic review (1981-2003) of pregnant/mothering teens were to: ...
Conde-Agudelo Agustin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether adolescent pregnancy is associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 854,377 Latin American women who were younger than 25 years during 1985 through 2003 using information recorded in the Perinatal Information System database of the Latin American ...
Serra Mario R - - 2005
This interdisciplinary long-term study examined the effects of recreational noise exposure on the hearing of adolescents. Boys and girls (aged 14-17 years) were examined during a four-year period. Audiological, psychosocial, and sound measurements were performed yearly to determine the hearing threshold level (HTL) of participants in the 250-16000 Hz range, ...
Nicoletti Angela - - 2005
A teen's definition of sexual activity most often does not include oral or anal sex. Abstinence only programs vary widely as to how they define sexual behavior and may be contributing to misinformation about STD transmission. Unknown is the extent to which declining teen pregnancy rates are due to non-coital ...
Galvez-Myles - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study compares rural and small-city teenage and adult pregnancies, with respect to complication rates and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Chart review of Medicaid patients (513 teenage [under 20 years] and 174 adult controls [ages 25-34]) delivered (excluding multiple gestation) in Amarillo, Texas, from January 1999 to April 2001. Demographic ...
Warren Reg - - 2005
This paper examines the question of capacity building for risk factor surveillance in developed countries, with reference to the Canadian experience. Special attention is accorded the issue of building capacity for utilization of surveillance information. The paper describes the development, evolution and current status of risk factor surveillance in Canada. ...
Bennett Sylvana E - - 2005
We compared school-based abstinence-only programs with those including contraceptive information (abstinence-plus) to determine which has the greatest impact on teen pregnancy. The United States has one of the highest rates of teen pregnancy in the industrialized world. Programs aimed at reducing the rate of teen pregnancy include a myriad of ...
Cherrington Jane - - 2005
Authors of research examining the issue of teenage pregnancy represent authoritative social voices, in strong positions of warrant that participate in shaping dominant social attitudes towards the subject. Their research projects are used to develop policies, information, service provision and practices that are major forces in shaping the actual experience ...
Tanaka Toshiaki - - 2005
We evaluated the effect of leuprorelin treatment on adult height (AH) and followed recovery of reproductive function in 63 girls and 13 boys with central precocious puberty (CPP). Mean treatment durations were 3.8 +/- 2.0 and 4.1 +/- 2.5 yr, and posttreatment follow-up durations were 3.5 +/- 1.3 and 2.6 ...
Rosengard Cynthia C Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2004
(a) To examine different methods of assessing pregnancy intention; (b) to identify psychosocial differences between those who indicate pregnancy intentions and those who do not; and (c) to examine the relationship between pregnancy intentions and subsequent pregnancy at 6-month follow-up in nonpregnant (at baseline), sexually experienced adolescent females. Longitudinal cohort ...
Spauwen J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that influences operating early in life may affect the risk of postpubertal psychosis outcomes. This hypothesis was tested using a broad outcome of psychotic symptoms expressed in adolescence (prevalence: 15.6%). METHOD: Findings are based on a longitudinal, population-based cohort study of 963 adolescents aged 15-20 ...
Gilbert William - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and characterize the racial/ethnic differences in obstetric outcomes of early and late teenagers in California. METHODS: A data-set linking birth and death certificates with maternal and neonatal hospital discharge records in California was utilized to identify nulliparous women (11 to 29 years of age) who delivered between ...
Barbieri Robert L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between population density and the percentage of teens who electively terminate their pregnancy was the focus of this study. METHODS: The United States population density was determined for each state and each district of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) from the 2000 US Census. ...
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