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Results 251 - 300 of 915
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Braunstein Samuel L - - 2007
Can quantum-information theory shed light on black-hole evaporation? By entangling the in-fallen matter with an external system we show that the black-hole information paradox becomes more severe, even for cosmologically sized black holes. We rule out the possibility that the information about the in-fallen matter might hide in correlations between ...
Perales José C - - 2007
The present study is aimed at identifying how prior causal beliefs and covariation information contribute to belief updating when evidence, either compatible or contradictory with those beliefs, is provided. Participants were presented with a cover story with which it was intended to activate or generate a causal belief. Variables related ...
Chen Xi-Kuan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Whether the association between teenage pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes could be explained by deleterious social environment, inadequate prenatal care, or biological immaturity remains controversial. The objective of this study was to determine whether teenage pregnancy is associated with increased adverse birth outcomes independent of known confounding factors. METHODS: ...
Phupong Vorapong - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine whether pregnant young adolescents under 15 years of age developed more obstetric complications than adult women. A retrospective case control study was undertaken. The pregnancies of 121 nulliparous women under age 15 delivered at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, ...
Miranda Angélica Espinosa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are vulnerable to unplanned pregnancy. Prevention measures and assistance are of significant public health importance in this population. OBJECTIVES: To identify demographic, behavioral, and clinical factors and to determine the prevalence for unplanned pregnancy among female adolescents in Vitória, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among female ...
Sant'Anna Maria José Carvalho - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the integral attention to the health of pregnant adolescents and adolescent mothers, having follow-up from the Integral Support Program for the Pregnant Teen (ISPPT), with the intention to determine quality of life and prevent repeat pregnancy. A prospective study ...
Hamerlynck Sannie M J J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifetime prevalence of teenage pregnancy in the histories of detained adolescent females and to examine the relationship between teenage pregnancy on the one hand and mental health and sexuality related characteristics on the other. METHODS: Of 256 admitted detained adolescent ...
Uren Zoe - - 2007
This article examines the relationship between teenage conceptions and deprivation in England and Wales in 2001-2002 using data at census ward level. Teenage conceptions are defined as births and abortions to women conceiving under the age of 18. Deprivation has been measured using Carstairs scores rebased using the 2001 Census. ...
Allen E E Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK. - - 2007
Much of the UK government's 1999 report on teenage pregnancy was by necessity based on rather old or non-longitudinal research. To examine the associations between risk factors identified in the report and pregnancy at or before age 16 years among young women and partners of young men using the more ...
Amu Olubusola - - 2006
The teenage pregnancy unit's strategy for dealing with the increasing problem of unwanted pregnancy is rather prescriptive and simplistic for such a complex problem. It is not surprising that despite its recent recommendations, the problem has worsened. It is ludicrous to promote efficient ways to provide oral contraceptive pills to ...
Wilkinson Paul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantify the change in the number of conceptions and abortions among women younger than 18 years in England in relation to the government's national teenage pregnancy strategy. METHODS: We undertook geographic analysis of data for 148 top-tier local authority areas. The main ...
Gökçe Birsen - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine the degree to which socioeconomic status is a risk factor for first birth at age 19 or younger in married women in an urban area of Turkey. The research was a population-based case-control study. The study group comprised all married and pregnant ...
Mohiddin Abdu - - 2006
In mid-2004, the lead for tackling teenage pregnancy in Lambeth moved from the Council to Public Health in the coterminous Primary Care Trust. Lambeth is a deprived inner-city London borough with a culturally rich and diverse population. The under-18 teenage conception rate had risen by 19% over the 5-year period ...
Watcharaseranee Nahathai - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the incidence of teenage pregnancy and compare obstetric and neonatal complications of teenage mothers with adult mothers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chonburi Hospital, Thailand. The study group consisted of primigravida women aged ...
Thomas James C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We estimated the effects of high incarceration rates on rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies. METHODS: We calculated correlations between rates of incarceration in state prisons and county jails and rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies for each of the 100 counties in North Carolina ...
Leach Colin Wayne - - 2006
Three studies examined non-Aboriginal Australians' guilt and anger about their ingroup's advantage over structurally disadvantaged Aborigines. Study 1 showed that participants who perceived their ingroup as relatively advantaged perceived this inequality as unfair and felt guilt and anger about it. Anger, and to a lesser degree guilt, predicted the willingness ...
Brewer Devon D - - 2006
Prostitute women have the highest homicide victimization rate of any set of women ever studied. We analyzed nine diverse homicide data sets to examine the extent, trends, and perpetrators of prostitution-related homicide in the United States. Most data sources substantially under-ascertained prostitute homicides. As estimated from a conservative capture-recapture analysis, ...
- - 2006
From the outset, the team at the Longmont (CO) Teen Clinic faced a two-fold marketing dilemma. The first problem was a small budget. As a nonprofit with limited funds, the staff knew that they would have to get creative to effectively reach their target audience and fulfill the clinic's mission ...
Miglioli L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Studies demonstrate that pregnancy may interfere with bone mineral density. Adolescence is a crucial time of life for bone mass acquisition and there are some questions as to the influence of pregnancy on bone mass at this age. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between pregnancy history and areal (BMD) ...
Saxe Rebecca - - 2006
Michotte proposed a rationalist theory of the origin of the human capacity to represent causal relations among events. He suggested that the input analyzer that underlies the causal perception in launching, entraining, and expulsion events is innate and is the ultimate source of all causal representations. We review the literature ...
Rosengard Cynthia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to enhance our understanding of pregnant adolescents' concepts of the advantages and disadvantages of teen pregnancy and childbearing. METHODOLOGY: This is a qualitative study of 247 pregnant adolescents recruited during their first prenatal health care visit to a women's primary care clinic in Providence, Rhode Island. Participants ...
Robson Stephen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and childbirth in teenage women are associated with obstetric and social risks, and there is evidence that the birth rate among teenagers in rural and remote areas of Australia is not in decline. The combination of non-urban residence and young age at delivery might define a subgroup of ...
Thato Sathja - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is considered a high risk pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare pregnancy outcomes in adolescent females aged 19 and younger with those of adult women aged 20-34 years. DESIGN: A retrospective case control study was designed to address the purpose of the study. ...
Spieles Douglas J - - 2006
We evaluate two 10-year-old mitigation bank wetlands in central Ohio, one created and one with restored and enhanced components, by analysis of vegetation characteristics and by comparison of the year-10 vegetation and macroinvertebrate communities with reference wetlands. To assess different measures of wetland development, we compare the prevalence of native ...
Thame M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in body composition between adolescent girls and mature women during pregnancy and the relationship to newborn anthropometry. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: The antenatal clinic at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica. SUBJECTS: Four hundred and twenty-five women were invited to join the ...
Boardman Lori A - - 2006
PURPOSE: Whereas previous research has elucidated a number of risk factors for rapid repeat pregnancies among adolescents, we sought to assess both established and hypothetical risk factors in the context of the intendedness of the repeat pregnancy. METHODS: The study population, drawn from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth ...
Hall Sue - - 2006
Early non-invasive fetal sexing is widely available over the Internet, leading to concerns about its possible use for sex selection. The aim of this review is to summarise the results of surveys describing lay attitudes towards sex selection for non-medical reasons to help address or inform such concerns. A search ...
Unsworth-Webb John - - 2006
The pregnancy of a 12-year-old girl provides the basis for a consideration of approaches to a dilemma brought about by conflicting expectations. Here, medical opinion is to reject action implied by the lack of Gillick competence and by a 'parental responsibility' claim adopted by the girl's mother. Construction of the ...
Almeida Maria da Conceição C Mda - - 2006
This paper describes the relationship between school trajectory and incidence of teenage pregnancy. A cross-sectional residence-based questionnaire was applied, interviewing 4,634 youth ages 18 to 24 years, selected through a stratified three-stage sample. For the present study, young people ages 20 to 24 years (65.6%) were chosen, with teenage pregnancy ...
Helström Lotti - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze if immigrant girls request early pregnancy termination more frequently than ethnic Swedish girls and, if so, study possible explanations, including contraceptive practices and attitudes. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: All women under 19 years of age who attended a large abortion clinic during one year were interviewed. Out ...
Figueiredo Barbara - - 2006
The aim of this Portuguese study is to compare the experience of pregnancy in teenage years and later adulthood and to examine insecure attachment style as a risk factor for depression during pregnancy. The Attachment Style Interview (ASI) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) were administered to 66 pregnant ...
Mitsuhiro Sandro Sendin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders during pregnancy, the prevalence of cocaine and marijuana use during the third trimester of gestation and the socio-demographic characteristics of a population of low-income teenagers. METHOD: One thousand pregnant teenagers were evaluated using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and a socio-demographic and ...
Geist Ruth R - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of young age on the outcome of teenage pregnancies by studying teenage deliveries in our unique population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective chart review of teenage gravidas (age 19 and younger), who had delivered in our hospital. OUTCOME MEASURES: Mode of delivery, gestational age ...
Mutihir, JT; Department of ...
<B>Background</B>: Teenage pregnancy is an obstetric risk factor. They are more likely to suffer from complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery with increased morbidity and mortality in both infants and mothers. <B>Objective</B>: To determine the prevalence of teenage births, demographic characteristics and pregnancy outcome in this group of wome. <B>Methods</B>: ...
Crosby Richard A - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether social capital may explain differences in teen pregnancy rates in the contiguous United States. METHOD: State-level correlational analyses were conducted. Predictor variables included social capital, income inequality, and poverty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: State-level rates of pregnancy for girls 15-19 years old. RESULTS: In bivariate analyses, social ...
Dangal G - - 2006
Teenage pregnancy is a common public health problem worldwide. It is a problem that affects nearly every society-developed and developing alike. There is a growing awareness that early child bearing has multiple consequences in terms of maternal health, child health and over all well-being of society. Although prevention of unwanted ...
Magadi Monica - - 2006
In this paper, we examine factors associated with poor pregnancy outcomes among teenagers in South Nyanza region of Kenya. The analysis is based on a recent WHO funded study on Adolescent safe motherhood in the region, which involved a survey of 1247 adolescents aged 12-19 and in-depth interviews with 39 ...
Sadler Lois S - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to follow-up adolescent girls with negative pregnancy tests (NPTs) through an 18-month follow-up analysis of health services received, patterns of contraception use, and pregnancy outcomes. METHOD: This study involved a retrospective review of medical records of 129 adolescent patients who had a NPT ...
Reeves Roy R - - 2006
The Antichrist delusion is a relatively infrequently observed religious delusion. Some cases of the Antichrist delusion have been associated with violence toward others. The aim of this article is to document a case of suicide secondary to the delusion. At age 17 a woman with no history of mental illness ...
Isaranurug Sirikul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancies put mothers at high-risks to many health-related complications and newborn infants to poor birth-outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore the relationship of socio-economic status, service utilization, and pregnancy outcomes between teenage and adult mothers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study design was a population-based prospective cohort ...
Wang Shuu-Jiun - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence, impact, and related medication use or overuse of primary chronic daily headache (CDH) among adolescents in a field sample. METHODS: The authors conducted a two-phase CDH survey of all students from ages 12 to 14 years in five selected middle schools in Taiwan. Subjects with ...
Talashek Marie L - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis is to determine whether a developmental maturity model differentially predicts pregnancy for African American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican inner-city teens. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a case control study that tested a model of developmental maturity and ...
Kiefer Raymond J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study examined perceived time to collision (TTC) with automobile drivers under realistic approach, rear-end crash scenario conditions. BACKGROUND: TTC refers to the time before impact if prevailing conditions continue. METHOD: In this test track study involving 51 drivers ranging from 20 to 70 years old, the driver's vision ...
Griffith James T - - 2006
The passing of a law is frequently accompanied by media attention and citizen apathy. In today's healthcare delivery situation, we should understand how a bill becomes law and what happens to the idea that engenders that process. Laws arise from the recommendations of ordinary citizens, but the recommendations follow a ...
Patel Leena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) and optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) in the Greater Manchester and Lancashire (GM&L) region of Northwest England, and to analyze occurrence by location and over time. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based incidence study was undertaken for cases of SOD/ONH from GM&L. Standardized incidence ...
Brindis Claire D - - 2006
Teenage pregnancy prevention has long been on the American public health agenda. Over the past decade, a number of concurrent federal, state, and local policies have responded to the myriad and diverse needs of adolescents, from supporting adolescents who have not initiated sexual intercourse to strategies aimed at avoiding a ...
Garces-Foley Kathleen - - 2006
Within the hospice literature, spirituality and religion are usually defined in opposition to one another, with religion negatively associated with the external, authoritarian doctrines of Christianity and spirituality positively associated with the free search for truth, meaning, and authenticity. According to survey data, however, most Americans integrate spirituality and traditional ...
Sant'Anna Maria José Carvalho - - 2006
Pregnancy during adolescence represents a challenge to society as a whole. Its incidence is increasing and brings about social and medical consequences to both the teen mothers and their children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate pregnant teenager involvement in sexual activity and the social context. The group ...
Arai Lisa - - 2007
Geographic variation in teenage pregnancy is attributable to social and cultural, as well as demographic, factors. In some communities and social networks early childbearing may be acceptable, or even normative. It is these places that are the focus of policy initiatives. This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study ...
Deardorff Julianna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Early pubertal timing predicts deleterious outcomes for young girls, including substance use, risky sexual behavior, and pregnancy. In turn, adolescent pregnancy predicts long-term negative consequences such as reduced educational attainment and income-earning potential. Despite evidence of the direct links between early puberty and negative outcomes, this study is the ...
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