Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 923
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
van Dillen Jeroen - - 2008
Internationally, teenagers are at risk for pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality. We assessed the obstetric and perinatal outcomes of teenage pregnancies compared with their older counterparts in northern Namibia. We made a retrospective study using birth records from February 2002 to August 2002. The data collected included perinatal mortality, delivery mode, ...
Zeck Willibald - - 2008
AIMS: Teenage pregnancies have always been considered at increased risk for obstetric complications. Deliveries in adolescent primiparas in the 5-year time periods 1983-1987 and 1999-2005 were compared against each other, the general population and against primiparas aged 20-29 years in order to reveal trends and differences in obstetric outcome. METHODS: ...
Hutchinson Delyse M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine whether maternal attitudes to pregnancy and infant caregiving predict drinking initiation in adolescence. METHOD: Data were used from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy, an Australian longitudinal study of mothers and their children from pregnancy to when the children were ...
Richter, M S; ; ...
It is important to seek an understanding of teenagers' perceptions regarding teenage pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions of teenagers in Bushbuckridge district in the Limpopo Province, South Africa, towards teenage pregnancy. An explorative qualitative research design was used with convenience sampling to ...
Lloyd Cynthia B - - 2008
Leaving school prematurely is often claimed to be among the most negative consequences of early marriage and pregnancy for girls in less developed countries. However, an analysis of the relative frequency with which these events actually occur or are named as reasons for leaving school reveals that, at least in ...
Heavey Elizabeth J - - 2008
We wished to examine variables associated with pregnancy desire among pregnant adolescents from low socioeconomic backgrounds. This study analyzed 335 charts at a state-funded family planning clinic. Participants were adolescents who had a positive pregnancy test at the clinic on the day of the survey. Logistic regression was utilized to ...
Minnis A M - - 2008
Among a cohort of 237 sexually active females aged 14-19 years recruited from community venues in a predominantly Latino neighborhood in San Francisco, California, the authors examined the relation between gang exposure and pregnancy incidence over 2 years of follow-up between 2001 and 2004. Using discrete-time survival analysis, they investigated ...
Strunk Julie A - - 2008
Teenage pregnancy outcomes have become an increasing concern in the United States. Education and support of pregnant teens are critical factors that may determine good or poor pregnancy outcomes. Poor outcomes may include low birth weight, developmental delays, and poor academic performance. Although the number of teenagers experiencing pregnancy and ...
Lewicky-Gaupp Christina - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of urinary and anal incontinence during pregnancy and immediately postpartum in a convenience sample of African American teenaged women in an urban setting and to assess for an association between this incontinence and obstetrical risk factors. METHODS: 74 African American adolescents, ages 14-19, participated ...
Aruda Mary M - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore pregnancy diagnosis, outcome choice, and time to referral appointment for adolescents. DESIGN: A descriptive study using retrospective chart review and clinical logs of all positive pregnancy tests between January 2000 and December 2005. SETTING: Adolescent clinic in a hospital-based academic center. PARTICIPANTS: 625 pregnant teens were ...
Chedraui Peter - - 2008
Adolescent pregnancies have increased over the past years and are considered a significant social and reproductive concern. This document will briefly describe trends, risk factors and maternal-perinatal outcome associated to pregnancies among young adolescents. Prevalence and trends vary from one population to another with main risk factors being low family ...
Braitman Keli A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The initial months of licensure are especially hazardous for teenagers. Factors leading to crashes of novice 16-year-old drivers were identified. METHOD: Sixteen year-olds in Connecticut who were involved in nonfatal crashes during the first 8 months of licensure were interviewed, and police crash reports were examined. Crash types and ...
Saewyc Elizabeth M - - 2008
Over the past decade, several large-scale school-based studies of adolescents in Canada and the U.S. have documented health disparities for lesbian, gay and bisexual teens compared to their heterosexual peers, such as higher rates of suicide attempts, homelessness, and substance use. Many of these disparities have been linked to "enacted ...
Yuksel B - - 2008
Incest is a taboo and a neglected social problem. Especially in the adolescent population, which is a very sensitive period of development, it becomes harder for the patients to share their secret with either legal or health authorities. Sometimes pregnancy becomes the only vehicle to uncover this secret. There is ...
Usta Ihab M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To compare the obstetric outcome of teenage pregnancies with that of older women. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of singleton births > or =24 weeks' gestational age at the American University of Beirut from 1994 to 2003. Adolescents (<20 years) were compared to subsequently delivered women aged 25-30 years (controls), ...
Ely Gretchen E - - 2008
This study examined the psychosocial problems of a sample of adolescent women who presented for a pregnancy termination appointment at a family planning clinic located in the southeastern region of the United States. The sample consisted of 120 adolescent women, age 14-21 who were administered the Multidimensional Adolescent Assessment Scale ...
Reime Birgit - - 2008
Recently, attention has been focused on subsequent pregnancies among teenage mothers. Previous studies that compared the reproductive outcomes of teenage nulliparae and multiparae often did not consider the adolescents' reproductive histories. Thus, the authors compared the risks for adverse reproductive outcomes of adolescent nulliparae to teenagers who either have had ...
Sakai Yutaka Y Brain Science Institute, Tamagawa University, Machida, Tokyo, - - 2008
What kind of strategies subjects follow in various behavioral circumstances has been a central issue in decision making. In particular, which behavioral strategy, maximizing or matching, is more fundamental to animal's decision behavior has been a matter of debate. Here, we prove that any algorithm to achieve the stationary condition ...
Goans Ronald E - - 2007
Guidance on the minimum number of radiation triage stations required in a radiation-related mass casualty event is presented using the mathematical discipline of queueing theory. These conclusions are valid under very general statistical assumptions regarding the average rate of victims seeking assistance and the average rate of persons who can ...
Garwick Ann W - - 2008
PURPOSE: American Indian adolescent pregnancy rates are high, yet little is known about how Native youth view primary pregnancy prevention. The aim was to identify pregnancy prevention strategies from the perspectives of both male and female urban Native youth to inform program development. METHODS: Native Teen Voices (NTV) was a ...
Phafoli, S H; ;
A delay in deciding to seek antenatal care is predominant among pregnant teenagers in Lesotho. This subsequently leads to delay in reaching treatment and in receiving adequate treatment. Early antenatal care attendance plays a major role in detecting and treating complications of pregnancy and forms a good basis for appropriate ...
Ford Paul - - 2007
The authors examined the role of action effects (i.e., ball trajectory) during the performance of a soccer kick. Participants were 20 expert players who kicked a ball over a height barrier toward a ground-level target. The authors occluded participants' vision of the ball trajectory after foot-to-ball contact. Participants in a ...
Gemar Kjersti - - 2008
Our objective is to study the link between hotel registration and suicide. Clark County, which contains Las Vegas, drew our interest because of its extremely large number of hotel rooms. Case files of suicide from the Clark County Coroner were reviewed for years 2003-2005. The suicide rate of local residents ...
Lane Sandra D - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study investigates the persistent relationships between childhood lead exposure, repeat teen pregnancy, and tobacco use in a sample of teenage females in Syracuse, NY. METHODS: We analyzed the association of childhood lead poisoning with repeat pregnancy and tobacco use among 536 teens (aged 15-19 years) in Syracuse, NY, ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcomes of teenage pregnancy in a tertiary care teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was performed over a period of 5 years. Data were retrieved from hospital records. All teenage mothers (aged 13-19 completed ...
Miller Rachel J - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the impact of bariatric surgery on gynecologic complications in the context of the extremely obese adolescent and reviews contraceptive considerations before and after adolescent bariatric surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Eighteen percent of children and adolescents have a body mass index greater than the 95th percentile, ...
van Wijk Anton Ph - - 2007
Few studies have longitudinally investigated the criminal profiles of violent juvenile sex and violent juvenile non-sex offenders. To make up for this lack, this study used police records of juveniles to determine the nature of the criminal profiles of violent sex offenders (n = 226) and violent non-sex offenders (n ...
Larson Charles P - - 2007
It is estimated that nearly 100,000 children are born into poverty each year in Canada. During pregnancy, their mothers are likely to face multiple stressful life events, including lone-mother and teenage pregnancies, unemployment, more crowded or polluted physical environments, and far fewer resources to deal with these exposures. The early ...
Gupta Nandini - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the age related risk of adverse obstetric outcome in primigravid women less than 20 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: The study sample was drawn from Cardiff Births Survey (a computerized maternity information database) comprising 66,271 pregnancies in the South Glamorgan region during 1990-1999. Pregnancy outcomes of primigravid ...
Emem, B A; ;
Introduction: Teenage pregnancies are high risk pregnancies due to the relative physical immaturity of the Mother and associated foetal risk. Objectives: To determine the incidence, obstetric and foetal outcome of teenage pregnancies in this environment. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of all teenage pregnancies delivered at the University of ...
Gilbert Daniel T - - 2007
All animals can predict the hedonic consequences of events they've experienced before. But humans can predict the hedonic consequences of events they've never experienced by simulating those events in their minds. Scientists are beginning to understand how the brain simulates future events, how it uses those simulations to predict an ...
Jesse D Elizabeth - - 2007
This study used a qualitative descriptive research design to discover the relevance and meaning of spirituality in the lives of 130 urban low-income pregnant women by asking the open-ended question, "How does your faith or spirituality affect your pregnancy if at all?" Forty-seven percent of the women in this study ...
De Sanctis Vincenzo - - 2007
Varicocele is a dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus caused by reflux within the spermatic venous system. In the majority of cases it becomes apparent during pubertal development. The etiology of varicocele is likely multifactorial. The varicocele may have a negative effect on gonadal growth in the pediatric-adolescent ...
Brown Katherine E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Britain has high rates of unintended adolescent pregnancy compared to other European countries. Relatively little is known about the beliefs, attitudes and experiences of using hormonal contraceptive methods amongst middle-class adolescents, and mention of their views in the literature will add to the knowledge in this area. The current ...
Miller Elizabeth - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the context of pregnancy and sexual health among adolescent females with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). This paper reports on a subset of females who described abusive male partners' explicit pregnancy-promoting behaviors (ie, messages and behaviors that led females to believe their partner was actively ...
Chacko Sunita - - 2007
This article reports the findings of a qualitative research study carried out in Kabarole district, western Uganda. Knowledge of and perceptions about HIV/AIDS and pregnancy and how both relate to one another were elucidated from eight focus-group discussions with 38 female and 32 male secondary students from four different schools. ...
Nabulsi M - - 2008
The impact of maternal veiling during pregnancy and of socioeconomic status on offspring's bone mass was investigated in 326 healthy adolescents. Veiling during pregnancy was associated with decreased musculoskeletal parameters in the offspring boys, but not girls. SES was a significant predictor of bone mass in both genders. INTRODUCTION: This ...
Roehrig Helmut R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is no previous research or documentation of the incidence of pregnancy or pregnancy outcomes in female adolescents after undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews were conducted for female patients who had bariatric surgery in our adolescent program from 2001-2007. Descriptive and clinical data were abstracted from the ...
Heilborn Maria Luiza - - 2007
This paper examines teenage pregnancy as a social-historical construction of increasing concern in Brazil. It presents findings from over five years of empirical research alongside an analysis of a sample of newspaper articles representative of the dominant positions in the Brazilian press concerning teenage pregnancy. In contrast to mainstream arguments ...
Magadi, M; ;
In this paper, we examine factor associated with poor pregnancy outcomes among teenagers in South Nyanza region of Kenya. The analysis is based on a recent WHO funded study on Adolescent safe motherhood in the region, which involved a survey of 1247 adolescents aged 12-19 and in-depth interviews with 39 ...
Kongnyuy Eugene Justine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are geographic variations in fetal outcomes of adolescent pregnancies because of socio-economic differences between regions and countries. The aim of our study was to determine adverse fetal outcomes associated with adolescent pregnancies in Cameroon. METHODS: A cross-sectional study to compare the outcomes of 268 singleton, adolescent pregnancies with ...
Waldron Mary - - 2007
Girls who report first sexual intercourse during their early teen years have much higher rates of teenage pregnancy and childbearing than girls who delay sexual onset until older adolescence. In this study, we examine genetic and environmental influences on variation in teenage pregnancy and covariation with age at first sexual ...
Whisman Mark A - - 2007
Predictors of 12-month prevalence of sexual infidelity were examined in a population-based sample of married individuals (N = 2,291). Predictor variables were organized in terms of involved-partner (e.g., personality, religiosity), marital (e.g., marital dissatisfaction, partner affair), and extradyadic (e.g., parenting) variables. Annual prevalence of infidelity was 2.3%. Controlling for marital ...
Ekstrand Maria - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To gain deeper understanding of how teenage males view abortion, adolescent fatherhood, sexual behavior, and use of contraception. METHOD: We conducted six focus-group interviews with 17-year-old boys (n = 40). The interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using manifest content analysis. RESULTS: Adolescent fatherhood was considered to be ...
Menon Seema - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of classical risk factors and presenting signs and symptoms between adolescents and adults with ectopic pregnancy (EP). PROCEDURE: A database containing information regarding presentation symptoms, past medical history, and ultimate pregnancy outcomes of patients presenting to the Emergency Department during early pregnancy is maintained in ...
Haynes Karla A - - 2007
Changing circumstances regarding access to emergency contraception (EC) warrant nurses' review of its current status. Nurses have the potential to improve adolescents' awareness of and access to EC so that adolescents may prevent pregnancy. Research suggests that adolescents lack awareness of EC methods that prevent pregnancy following an unprotected act ...
East Patricia L - - 2007
The extent to which young women's risk of adolescent pregnancy is associated with having a mother who was a teenage parent, a sister who was a teenage parent or both is not known. A sample of 127 Latina and black adolescent females completed in-depth surveys at three time points between ...
Bizzarro Martin - - 2007
High-precision 60Fe-60Ni isotope data show that most meteorites originating from differentiated planetesimals that accreted within 1 million years of the solar system's formation have 60Ni/58Ni ratios that are approximately 25 parts per million lower than samples from Earth, Mars, and chondrite parent bodies. This difference indicates that the oldest solar ...
Marcus E-L - - 2007
The prevalence of osteoporosis was statistically significantly higher among female Holocaust survivors than among those who were not exposed to the Holocaust. These findings support the importance of nutrition and environmental conditions during childhood and adolescence on BMD in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Holocaust survivors during childhood and adolescence experienced undernutrition ...
Ebeigbe Peter N - - 2007
An audit to determine the incidence of births to teenage nullipara, pregnancy complications, obstetric intervention rates, maternal and fetal outcomes in 114 teenage nullipara compared with 700 randomly selected older nullipara (age 20-29 years), was undertaken in a tertiary Institution. Births to teenage nullipara contributed 1.7% of all deliveries. Teenagers ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >