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Ventura Stephanie J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2005, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. METHODS: Tabular data on pregnancy rates by age, race and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and briefly described. RESULTS: in 2005, an estimated 6,408,000 pregnancies resulted in 4.14 million ...
??glaend Bj??rn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood pressure (BP) in adolescence (11-12 years) among the offspring of preeclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. METHOD: SBP and DBP of 181 girls and boys born after pregnancies with preeclampsia were measured and compared with the BP of 356 age-matched girls and boys of normotensive pregnancies. The association ...
Jewkes Rachel - - 2009
Reducing rates of teenage pregnancy is an important part of the agenda of action for meeting most of the Millenium Development Goals. South Africa has important lessons for other countries in this regard as the rate of teenage pregnancy is high but has declined very substantially over the last twenty ...
Leite Alessandra Plácido Lima - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the sexual function and to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among teenagers and adult women during pregnancy using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). METHODS: A cohort study was conducted with 271 healthy pregnant women presenting a stable relationship with their partners. These ...
Fadavi Shahrbanoo - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to compare dental visits and oral health knowledge of African American (AA) and Hispanic American (HA) pregnant adolescents in a community health clinic. METHODS: Demographics, oral health knowledge, oral hygiene, and dental visits during pregnoncy were surveyed by anonymous questionnaire to adolescents who were pregnant ...
Santelli John S - - 2009
PURPOSE: After dramatic declines in teen births and pregnancies from 1991 to 2005, teen birth rates in the United States increased in 2006 and 2007. We examined behavioral determinants of these trends and the likely direction of future trends. METHODS: Pregnancy risk was estimated based on recent sexual activity, method ...
Banerjee Bratati - - 2009
Early marriage and confinement are contributing factors to high maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. To assess the magnitude of the problem of teenage pregnancy and its complications. A hospital-based cohort study was undertaken over 4 months among women admitted to a rural hospital in West Bengal. The study cohort ...
Hickey M - - 2009
CONTEXT: The prenatal antecedents of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not known, but prenatal androgen exposure is thought to contribute. This has not previously been investigated in large prospective studies of normal human pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish the prospective relationship between early life androgen ...
Bayley Julie - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To explore teenagers' beliefs about emergency contraception (EC) within a Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) framework. METHODS: Six single sex focus groups comprising a total of 25 female and 23 male pupils aged 13-16 years conducted in schools in Central England. RESULTS: Attitudes to emergency contraception (EC) were mainly ...
Palermo Tia - - 2009
Female orphans are widely cited as being at risk for early marriage, early childbearing, and risky sexual behavior; however, to date no studies have examined these linkages using population-level data across multiple countries. This study draws from recent Demographic and Health Surveys from ten sub-Saharan African countries to examine the ...
Skinner S Rachel - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite decades of research, development and evaluation of educational and promotional strategies to prevent teenage pregnancy, we have only a limited understanding of the strategies that are effective and why. This study sought to explore female teenagers' attitudes, perceptions and experiences of contraceptive use, and describe the ...
Kerr David C R DC Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA. - - 2009
Preventing adolescent pregnancy is a national research priority that has had limited success. In the present study, the authors examined whether Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC) relative to intervention services as usual (group care [GC]) decreased pregnancy rates among juvenile justice girls mandated to out-of-home care. Girls (13-17 years of ...
Lewis Lucy N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether teenage pregnancy and Indigenous status are associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies who delivered at the sole tertiary obstetric hospital in Western Australia between June 2004 and September 2006, using ...
Dempsey Amanda F - - 2009
Among a hypothetical cohort of 11-18-year-old females, we used a probabilistic decision tree model to estimate the number of pregnant adolescent females potentially receiving contraindicated vaccines during well child exams, and to determine the impact of two different pregnancy screening strategies on pregnancy detection rates, vaccine administration and pregnancy detection-associated ...
Lara-Torre Eduardo - - 2009
Pregnancy rates in the United States seem to have stabilized in the past decade but continue to be higher than those in other industrialized nations. Although abstinence and barrier methods are available and efficient in preventing pregnancy, a comprehensive approach is a better choice when counseling patients on available options. ...
Baumgartner Joy Noel - - 2009
CONTEXT: Contraceptive knowledge and use at first sex have increased over time among Jamaican adolescents, yet high unintended pregnancy rates persist. More information on risk factors for adolescent pregnancy is needed to inform programs. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with 15-17-year-old females-250 who were currently pregnant and 500 sexually experienced, ...
Haldre Kai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The determinants of teenage sexual health, including pregnancies, can be addressed from social, familial and individual level perspectives. The main objective of this study was to examine whether pregnancy among 18 years old and younger girls were associated with selected individual (age at coitarche, score of sexual health knowledge, ...
Wiggins Meg - - 2009
To evaluate the effectiveness of youth development in reducing teenage pregnancy, substance use, and other outcomes. Prospective matched comparison study. 54 youth service sites in England. Young people (n=2724) aged 13-15 years at baseline deemed by professionals as at risk of teenage pregnancy, substance misuse, or school exclusion or to ...
Nkwabong E - - 2009
Teenage pregnancies are increasing and need special attention. The aim of this retrospective study, conducted from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2004 at the maternity department of the Yaoundé University Teaching Hospital, Cameroon, was to analyze the evolution of pregnancy and delivery in primiparous teenagers. The medical files of ...
Harden Angela - - 2009
To determine the impact on teenage pregnancy of interventions that address the social disadvantage associated with early parenthood and to assess the appropriateness of such interventions for young people in the United Kingdom. Systematic review, including a statistical meta-analysis of controlled trials on interventions for early parenthood and a thematic ...
Oringanje Chioma - - 2009
Unintended pregnancy among adolescents represent an important public health challenge in developed and developing countries. Numerous prevention strategies such as health education, skills-building and improving accessibility to contraceptives have been employed by countries across the world, in an effort to address this problem. However, there is uncertainty regarding the effects ...
Sayegh M Aaron - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Texas birth records and population projections were used to simulate pregnancy rates among women ages 15-19 years from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: Monte Carlo simulation based on historical rates of natural increase, contraceptive failure and sexual experience among racial/ethnic groups of teenaged women was used for numerical projections. These ...
Speizer Ilene S - - 2008
Although unwanted pregnancies can cause social and economic problems for Sub-Saharan African youth, the consequences of intended adolescent pregnancies have gone unnoticed. Rarely do studies recognize that youth who desire a pregnancy are less likely to practice safe sex and, therefore, are at greater risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections ...
Marteleto Letícia L Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248, USA. - - 2008
This study examines transitions in schooling, sexual activity, and pregnancy among adolescents and young adults in urban South Africa. Data are analyzed from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS), a recently collected longitudinal survey of young adults and their families in metropolitan Cape Town. We find that teen pregnancy is ...
Edwards Sharon M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Conventional practice for initiating oral contraceptive (OC) pills involves waiting to start the pills with the next menstrual period. We investigated whether immediate initiation of OCs would lead to improved continuation rates and therefore decreased pregnancy rates in adolescents aged 12-17 years. METHODS: Study subjects were recruited from adolescent ...
Chandra Anita - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence that youth exposure to sexual content on television shapes sexual attitudes and behavior in a manner that may influence reproductive health outcomes. To our knowledge, no previous work has empirically examined associations between exposure to television sexual content and adolescent pregnancy. METHODS: Data from a ...
Corkindale Carolyn J - - 2009
Little is known about what factors adolescent males consider important when making decisions concerning the resolution of an unplanned pregnancy with a teenage partner. Young men's influence on pregnancy outcome decisions can play an important part in the subsequent psychological adjustment of the female. The present report draws on data ...
Crittenden Colleen P CP Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. - - 2009
This study investigates the predictors of rapid repeat pregnancy (subsequent pregnancy within 24 months of previous pregnancy outcome) in a sample of urban adolescents. Adolescents aged 12-19 years (N = 354) who were predominantly African-American (94.1%) completed individual interviews during pregnancy and at 24 months postpartum. Logistic regression was used ...
Milne Dona - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Teenage pregnancy is on a decline, but there are wide inequalities in those who are still becoming pregnant at an early age. Teenage pregnancy remains a public health concern. Numbers of repeat pregnancy in adolescence are small but contribute to poor health outcomes for young women and ...
Muehleisen Ralph - - 2008
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is the most popular green building rating system in use in the United States. There are LEED rating systems for a variety of different building types. The LEED system rates the sustainability and performance in several categories including the indoor environmental quality (IEQ). ...
Cheung Ivan - - 2008
The number of drivers 70 and older is growing at a fast pace, and older drivers are keeping their licenses longer and driving more. Despite these trends, older driver crash deaths and fatal crash involvements declined steadily during the decade 1997-2006 following an upward trend for many years. The present ...
Noll Jennie G JG Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine & Clinical Psychology, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 3015, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. - - 2009
Recent increases in adolescent pregnancies have sparked a renewed impetus to identify risk factors, such as childhood sexual abuse (CSA), associated with adolescent pregnancy. Given mixed evidence regarding the strength of the relationship between CSA and adolescent pregnancy (Blinn-Pike, Berger, Dixon, Kuschel, & Kaplan, 2002), our objective was to provide ...
Thomas James C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We estimated the effects of high incarceration rates on rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies. METHODS: We calculated correlations between rates of incarceration in state prisons and county jails and rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies for each of the 100 counties in North Carolina ...
Brady Geraldine - - 2008
In Britain, teenage pregnancy is seen as both a cause and a consequence of social exclusion. The emphasis on 'prevention' of teenage pregnancy and a limited conception of 'support' within the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy (Social Exclusion Unit, 1999) positions parenthood for young people as a negative choice; this dominant discourse ...
Dunbar Jessica - - 2008
We sought to determine which factors influence the association between menarche and conception among adolescent study participants (n = 1030), who demonstrated an earlier age of menarche than did national samples. Age at first sexual intercourse (coitarche) mediated the relationship between age at menarche and first pregnancy among White girls, ...
Gupta Neeru - - 2008
Adolescent pregnancy is alarmingly common in India. These young girls face considerable health risks due to higher maternal and perinatal mortality. Early child bearing is not only a health problem for mother and child but is also associated with serious socio-economic and demographic implications as well. In developing countries 20% ...
Rah Jee H - - 2008
Adolescent pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Less is known about its influence on maternal growth and nutritional status. We determined how pregnancy and lactation during adolescence affects postmenarcheal linear and ponderal growth and body composition of 12-19 y olds in rural Bangladesh. In a prospective cohort study, anthropometric ...
Whitehead Elizabeth - - 2008
The aim of this paper is to report a study exploring aspects of teenage pregnant women relationships with the fathers of their unborn children within the context of two contrasting demographic areas of the UK. The perceptions of teenage pregnant women on how they view their relationship with the fathers ...
Mahavarkar S H - - 2008
Teenage pregnancy is a global problem and is considered a high-risk group, in spite of conflicting evidence. Our objective was to compare obstetric outcomes of pregnancy in teenagers and older women. This was a retrospective study of case records of pregnancies from August 2000 to July 2001. Girls aged < ...
Heavey Elizabeth J - - 2008
Our objective was to examine the relationship between pregnancy desire among female adolescents and their perception of desire for pregnancy in their male partners. This is an observational cross-sectional study which examined 92 surveys administered to adolescent women between the ages of 14 to 19 years at two obstetrical care ...
van Bergen Leo - - 2008
Poison gas, together with nuclear and biological weapons, has been classified as a 'weapon of mass destruction'. This has not always been the case; in the years after World War I it was claimed that poison gas was the most humane weapon thinkable, as it did not kill in the ...
Schaffer Marjorie A - - 2008
Public health nurses (PHNs) implement interventions from the Public Health Intervention Wheel in a school-based program to prevent repeat adolescent pregnancy. The local health department, the school district, and a community hospital collaborated to develop the Pregnancy-Free Club (PFC) for adolescent mothers attending the school. Their goal was to prevent ...
Klein David A - - 2008
Adolescent pregnancy is a significant public health problem in the United States, but little is known about this condition in military-affiliated populations. This article reviews what is known about adolescent pregnancy among (1) dependent children of active duty and retired personnel and (2) active duty military personnel. Sparse and conflicting ...
Yadav Siddhartha - - 2008
It is debated whether teenage pregnancy is associated with an adverse reproductive outcome. This study assessed the reproductive outcomes in teenage pregnancy in Nepal, a developing setting. A hospital based retrospective cohort study of 4,101 deliveries to compare the outcomes between teenage and non-teenage pregnancies. Pregnancy in teenagers was associated ...
Alshishtawy Mo'ness M - - 2008
THIS STUDY OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN OMAN TRIES TO ANSWER THE QUESTION: Is the Fifth Millennium Development Goal achievable in Oman or not? In Oman, Maternal Mortality Ratio currently stands at 22.9/100,000, a reduction of 38.9% from its 37.5/100,000 in 2002. This figure suggests that much needs to be done ...
Petersen Jakob - - 2009
Teenage pregnancy has remained high in many inner city areas despite several years of campaigns to reduce numbers and to support young people and their families tackle the problem. In this paper we propose new methods to focus local strategies on high-risk areas as well as ranking secondary schools and ...
Pauls Rachel N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Sexual function through pregnancy and the postpartum period is an important aspect of quality of life. Despite this, prospective studies are limited, and the impact of body image on sexual function has not been explored. AIM: To prospectively assess the effects of pregnancy on sexual function, and explore causative ...
Jumping-Eagle Sara - - 2008
CONTEXT: Fostering conventional goals is a key component of pregnancy prevention interventions for teenagers. However, research has not shown whether having goals independently influences sexual behavior, or whether the perception that pregnancy represents an impediment to achieving goals mediates any association. METHODS: In 1999-2001, a racially mixed group of 351 ...
Lesesne Catherine A - - 2008
In the field of teen pregnancy prevention many efficacious prevention programs are available but adoption of these programs is slow at the community level. In this article, we present a multi-site, capacity-building effort called the Promoting Science-based Approaches to Teen Pregnancy Prevention project (PSBA) as a case example of a ...
Dragoman Monica - - 2008
Over 800,000 pregnancies occur among adolescents annually in the United States. The majority of teen pregnancies are unintended and one-third of these pregnancies end in abortion. As in older reproductive age women, medical and surgical abortions are safe and well tolerated by adolescents. Short-term morbidity is uncommon and no long-term ...
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