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Henriquez Dacia Dca - - 2011
Valvular heart disease constitutes the majority of all causes of heart disease in pregnancy. In the presence of valvular heart disease, the necessary haemodynamic changes of pregnancy might cause heart failure, leading to severe maternal and fetal morbidity and even mortality. Treatment of valvular heart disease is indicated when patients experience ...
Chan Wee Shian - - 2010
The risk of venous thromboembolism is increased during pregnancy. Although the absolute overall risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) in pregnancy is low, clinicians are highly vigilant to the development of this disease in pregnancy because of the severe consequences to both mother and child if ...
James Andra H - - 2010
Adolescents with bleeding disorders who become pregnant must contend with the dual challenges of their bleeding disorder and their pregnancy. Adolescents are more likely to terminate a pregnancy than adult women, and when they do carry a pregnancy, they are more likely to deliver prematurely. Otherwise, they are at risk ...
Thame Minerva M - - 2011
NO has been proposed as a mediator of vascular expansion during pregnancy. Inability to increase NO synthesis and/or production of its precursor, arginine, may contribute to pregnancy-induced hypertension. Adolescents have a higher incidence of gestational hypertension. It is not known whether pregnant adolescents can produce sufficient arginine to meet overall ...
Lohan Maria - - 2010
This review article reveals a long-standing gender bias in academic and policy research on adolescent pregnancy, which has led to the neglect of adolescent men's perspectives. The review summarizes the available literature on adolescent men's attitudes in relation to pregnancy occurrence and pregnancy outcomes in the context of addressing three ...
Wannakosit Salakjit - - 2010
Sexuality usually decreases during pregnancy. To evaluate sexual behavior during pregnancy, comparing two groups. One had sexual education and the other had none. After randomizing two groups of pregnant women, they completed self-administered questionnaires regarding attitudes and sexual behavior before and during pregnancy. Sexual education was provided in one group ...
Mukhopadhyay Prianka - - 2010
Teenage pregnancy is a worldwide problem bearing serious social and medical implications relating to maternal and child health. A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken to compare the different sociodemographic characteristics and perinatal outcomes of teenage primigravida mothers with those of adult primigravida mothers in a tertiary-care hospital in eastern India. ...
Patchen Loral - - 2011
This report contributes to limited empirical data regarding use of the Copper T380A intrauterine device among adolescent mothers. We conducted a retrospective case series of adolescent mothers aged 15 to 21 years whose index delivery occurred before age 18 and met study inclusion criteria. All adolescent mothers received obstetrics and ...
Adelowo O O - - 2010
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS), a thrombophilic condition, is being increasingly recognised as an important cause of recurrent pregnancy loss, preeclampsia and possible infertility. It could occur as a primary condition or it may be secondary to connective tissue diseases, infections or malignancies. Though recurrent pregnancy loss is a common feature ofAPS, ...
Omole-Ohonsi A - - 2010
teenage pregnancies are regarded as high risk, because they often occur outside marriage. There is the need to evaluate the outcome of teenage pregnancies in a predominantly Islamic society like Kano where most occur within marriage, and timely prenatal care is usually available to most of them. to review the ...
Kramer Karen L - - 2010
Teen motherhood is the prevalent childbearing pattern in most traditional populations. Yet early motherhood is associated with negative biological and social outcomes in the developed world. We review the teen pregnancy literature in light of this discrepancy, emphasizing two core debates. The first debate centers on whether teens have poor ...
Sayers Susan - - 2010
Pregnancy outcomes for Indigenous mothers and babies have improved, but marked disparities remain between Indigenous and non-Indigenous women. Many contributors to these disparities such as smoking, alcohol use, poor nutrition, infection, teenage pregnancy and stress are preventable or modifiable particularly if addressed prior to pregnancy. It is suggested that we ...
Rocca Corinne H - - 2010
The extent to which pregnancy intentions mediate the relationship between individual, familial and cultural characteristics and adolescent pregnancy is not well understood. The role of intentions may be particularly important among Latina teenagers, whose attitudes toward pregnancy are more favorable than those of other groups and whose pregnancy rates are ...
Omar Khairani - - 2010
To assess the outcomes and risk factors of adolescent pregnancies in 2 major hospitals in Malaysia. We conducted a case-control study of pregnant girls aged 10 through 19 years. The controls were women aged 20 through 35 years who did not become pregnant in their adolescence. Cases and controls were ...
Adeyinka Daniel A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The most important health problems among adolescents in the developing countries are increased incidence of preterm labour and delivery, hypertensive disease, anaemia, more severe forms of malaria, obstructed labour, poor maternal nutrition and poor breastfeeding, low birth weight and increased neonatal mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk ...
Edirne Tamer - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of adolescent births in Van, Turkey, and to identify characteristics and related outcomes. METHODS: Mothers who gave birth at three maternity centers in Van, Turkey, were chosen randomly and were invited to complete a face-to-face questionnaire. Participants were asked for demographic information and pregnancy history. ...
Heavey Elizabeth - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine pregnant adolescents' desire for pregnancy and determine whether there were opportunities for preconception care for pregnant adolescents with desired pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review in a federally funded, urban adolescent care clinic. Medical records for 108 pregnant women under the age of 19 were the sample. ...
Okereke Chukwunenye Iheanacho - - 2010
This study examines the prevalence and determinants of adolescents' unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in Owerri, Nigeria. A pre-coded questionnaire was used to obtain information from 540 female adolescents of mean age 15.8 years. In addition, four FGDs were held with female adolescents in selected localities and in-depth interviews held ...
Cavazos-Rehg Patricia A - - 2010
This study examined the associations between health risk behaviors (i.e., substance use behaviors, physical violence, or carried a weapon) and multiple adolescent pregnancies (i.e., experiencing or causing more than one pregnancy). We analyzed 1999-2003 data (3 years: 1999, 2001, and 2003) from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally ...
Mkhwanazi Nolwazi - - 2010
Although South Africa's total fertility rate is one of the lowest in sub-Saharan Africa, high rates of early childbearing remain a concern. Most teenage pregnancies occur among poor black and coloured South Africans. The majority of these pregnancies are said to be unwanted and unplanned and the teenager's relationships, unstable. ...
Waddell Elizabeth Needham - - 2010
Disparities in teen pregnancy rates are explained by different rates of sexual activity and contraceptive use. Identifying other components of risk such as race/ethnicity and neighborhood can inform strategies for teen pregnancy prevention. Data from the 2005 and 2007 New York City Youth Risk Behavior Surveys were used to model ...
Finer Lawrence B - - 2010
Unintended pregnancy rates typically include all women in the denominator. This understates adolescent rates because many adolescents are not sexually active. When rates are recalculated including only sexually active people, adolescents aged 15-19 years have the highest rates, arguing for a continued focus on adolescents in efforts to reduce unintended ...
Rowlands Sam - - 2010
This article begins with an overview of teenage pregnancy within a social context. Data are then presented on conceptions and repeat conceptions in teenagers. Social predictors of repeat teenage pregnancy are grouped according to social ecological theory. A brief summary of prevention of teenage pregnancy in general is followed by ...
Sax Lila - - 2010
Most literature concerning unintended pregnancy in Brazil highlights a link between 'adolescent pregnancy', poverty, marginality and gender inequality. Young women are seen to suffer disadvantages in the course of their lives due to unplanned pregnancies at an early age. This paper questions this picture, emphasising the ways in which adolescent ...
Thame Minerva - - 2010
During pregnancy, growth of the foetus depends on an adequate glycine supply because it is needed for synthesis of fetal DNA, collagen and serine. Since pregnant adolescent girls give birth to lower birth weight babies, it is possible that they do not produce sufficient glycine to meet overall demands as ...
Coles Mandy S - - 2010
PURPOSE: Legislation that restricts abortion access decreases abortion. It is less well understood whether these statutes affect unintended birth. Given recent increases in teen pregnancy and birth, we examined the relationship between legislation that restricts abortion access and unintended births among adolescent women. METHODS: Using 2000-2005 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring ...
Kafle P P - - 2010
Early marriage, less awareness of family life education, low socio economic condition and burden of large families in rural area are the contributory factors to high teenage pregnancy and its complications. A rural health centre based cross sectionals study was under taken over six month period among teenage (10-19 years) ...
Yeh Hsiao-Yun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Some adolescents have special health care needs. Privacy concerns, unawareness or ethnical/cultural factors are barriers to women visiting obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs). The utilization of OB/GYN services by adolescent girls is seldom reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern and consequences of first visits to OB/GYNs by ...
Bessa Marco Antonio - - 2010
To investigate the association of cocaine and marijuana use during adolescent pregnancy in São Paulo-SP, Brazil, with psychiatric disorders, social status and sexual history. One thousand pregnant adolescents were assessed by using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and sociodemographic and socio-economic questionnaire at the obstetric center of a public hospital ...
Molina Ramiro Cartes - - 2010
High adolescent fecundity principally affects developing countries. In spite of a decrease in the incidence of pregnancies in the developing countries over the past 13 years, the differences that exist with respect to developed countries turn adolescent fecundity into an indicator of the level of development of countries. The impact ...
Hart Roger - - 2010
This prospective study was established to determine the impact of maternal circulating androgen levels during normal pregnancy on ovarian function, as determined by early follicular phase antimüllerian hormone (AMH) levels, inhibin B levels, and antral follicle count (AFC) in 244 female offspring in adolescence. Maternal circulating total testosterone levels at ...
Rodger Marc - - 2010
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a leading cause of maternal mortality during pregnancy. DVT and PE are commonly suspected due to many mimicking signs and symptoms that are normal in pregnancy. However, validated diagnostic approaches are lacking, and a fear of teratogenic/oncogenic ...
Rah Jee H - - 2010
Recently, we showed that following pregnancy and 6 months of lactation, adolescents cease linear growth and have reduced fat and lean mass in rural Bangladesh. Here, we examined whether these changes varied by pregnancy outcomes such as fetal loss, low birthweight (LBW) and neonatal mortality. Anthropometric measurements were taken among ...
Arkan D C - - 2010
To evaluate adolescent pregnancy and obstetric outcomes. This retrospective cohort study was performed by analysis of patient files and birth records of pregnant women who delivered in two cities in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. Pregnant women aged 19 years old and younger were included in the study group. Women between 20 ...
Kovavisarach Ekachai - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between pregnant teenage girls (age <20 yrs) and pregnant adults (age 20-34 yrs). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Seven hundred and fifty pregnant teenagers admitted and delivered at Rajavithi Hospital during November 8, 2006 and December 22, 2007 were enrolled in the study. A control ...
Gaudie Jennifer - - 2010
Many western nations continue to have high rates of teenage pregnancies and births, which can result in adverse outcomes for both mother and child. This study identified possible antecedents of teenage pregnancy using linked data from administrative sources to create a 14-year follow-up from a cross-sectional survey. Data were drawn ...
East Patricia L - - 2009
The siblings of teenage parents are known to be at very high risk of teenage pregnancy, but little is known about how an older sister's childbearing affects a younger sibling's risk. Understanding these influences could help address the very high rates of pregnancy and childbearing among Latino adolescents. From 2005 ...
Yen Sophia - - 2010
Most pregnancies in adolescents are unintended and preventable if contraception were utilized. IUDs provide an under-utilized highly effective form of contraception. IUDs are appropriate for nulliparous women, including adolescents. IUDs do not increase: the incidence of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease after the 1st month of insertion, the odds of infertility, nor ...
Kuo Ching-Pyng - - 2010
This study explores birth outcomes and determinants in adolescent pregnancies, using subjects drawn from the Taiwan Birth Cohort Study (TBCS) from 2005. Through completed interviews and surveys with mothers or other family members, differences in birth outcomes and personal, pregnancy and social profiles of mothers were analyzed. A total of ...
Pauleta Joana Rocha - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an important part of health and well-being. Sexual behavior modifies as pregnancy progresses, influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors. AIM: To evaluate changes in sexual perceptions and activities during pregnancy and to determine sexual dysfunctions in that period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sexual perceptions (desire from the ...
Ventura Stephanie J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2005, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. METHODS: Tabular data on pregnancy rates by age, race and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and briefly described. RESULTS: in 2005, an estimated 6,408,000 pregnancies resulted in 4.14 million ...
??glaend Bj??rn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood pressure (BP) in adolescence (11-12 years) among the offspring of preeclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. METHOD: SBP and DBP of 181 girls and boys born after pregnancies with preeclampsia were measured and compared with the BP of 356 age-matched girls and boys of normotensive pregnancies. The association ...
Jewkes Rachel - - 2009
Reducing rates of teenage pregnancy is an important part of the agenda of action for meeting most of the Millenium Development Goals. South Africa has important lessons for other countries in this regard as the rate of teenage pregnancy is high but has declined very substantially over the last twenty ...
Leite Alessandra Plácido Lima - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the sexual function and to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among teenagers and adult women during pregnancy using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). METHODS: A cohort study was conducted with 271 healthy pregnant women presenting a stable relationship with their partners. These ...
Fadavi Shahrbanoo - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to compare dental visits and oral health knowledge of African American (AA) and Hispanic American (HA) pregnant adolescents in a community health clinic. METHODS: Demographics, oral health knowledge, oral hygiene, and dental visits during pregnoncy were surveyed by anonymous questionnaire to adolescents who were pregnant ...
Santelli John S - - 2009
PURPOSE: After dramatic declines in teen births and pregnancies from 1991 to 2005, teen birth rates in the United States increased in 2006 and 2007. We examined behavioral determinants of these trends and the likely direction of future trends. METHODS: Pregnancy risk was estimated based on recent sexual activity, method ...
Banerjee Bratati - - 2009
Early marriage and confinement are contributing factors to high maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. To assess the magnitude of the problem of teenage pregnancy and its complications. A hospital-based cohort study was undertaken over 4 months among women admitted to a rural hospital in West Bengal. The study cohort ...
Hickey M - - 2009
CONTEXT: The prenatal antecedents of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not known, but prenatal androgen exposure is thought to contribute. This has not previously been investigated in large prospective studies of normal human pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish the prospective relationship between early life androgen ...
Bayley Julie - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To explore teenagers' beliefs about emergency contraception (EC) within a Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) framework. METHODS: Six single sex focus groups comprising a total of 25 female and 23 male pupils aged 13-16 years conducted in schools in Central England. RESULTS: Attitudes to emergency contraception (EC) were mainly ...
Palermo Tia - - 2009
Female orphans are widely cited as being at risk for early marriage, early childbearing, and risky sexual behavior; however, to date no studies have examined these linkages using population-level data across multiple countries. This study draws from recent Demographic and Health Surveys from ten sub-Saharan African countries to examine the ...
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