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Blickstein Isaac - - 2012
Abstract Twin pregnancies are at higher risk for fetal mortality when compared with singleton pregnancies. Single fetal demise occurs in 3.7-6.8% of all twin pregnancies and considerably increases the complication rate in the co-twin including fetal loss, premature delivery, and end-organ damage. In this review, we summarize the current information ...
Ibrahim Isa - - 2012
The female is programmed to nurture one fetus and to take care of one neonate at a time; hence, twin pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preterm deliveries, perinatal morbidity, and mortality and maternal complications. This study aimed to determine the twinning rate, and maternal and fetal outcomes ...
Stock Sarah J SJ Tommy's Centre for Maternal and Fetal Health, MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh, Queen's Medical Research Institute, UK. - - 2012
To determine neonatal outcomes (perinatal mortality and special care unit admission) and maternal outcomes (mode of delivery, delivery complications) of elective induction of labour compared with expectant management. Retrospective cohort study using an unselected population database. Consultant and midwife led obstetric units in Scotland 1981-2007. 1,271,549 women with singleton pregnancies ...
Sullivan Amyelizabeth - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the optimal time to deliver uncomplicated monochorionic-diamnionic (MCDA) twins. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrospectively obtained from twin pregnancies from 2000 through 2009. The gestational week-specific prospective perinatal mortality risk was calculated. A cohort of MCDA twins with nonindicated deliveries was analyzed separately. Neonatal outcomes and ...
Terakawa Jumpei - - 2011
The ovary is the main secretory source of progestin and estrogen and is indispensable to the maintenance of all events of pregnancy in mice. The purpose of this study was to control all processes of pregnancy in mice, from embryo implantation to parturition, without ovaries. The ovaries were removed before ...
Smith J Shaun - - 2012
Pregnancy in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with a maternal mortality of 30-50% despite modern treatment modalities. The majority of maternal deaths in PAH patients occur either during labor and delivery or within 1 month postpartum. Cardiovascular collapse is attributed to a mismatch between the physiologic limitations ...
Zenclussen Maria L - - 2011
Citation Zenclussen ML, Jensen F, Rebelo S, El-Mousleh T, Casalis PA, Zenclussen AC. Heme oxygenase-1 expression in the ovary dictates a proper oocyte ovulation, fertilization, and corpora lutea maintenance. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  Animals deficient in Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, Hmox1(-/-) mice) have impaired pregnancies, characterized by intrauterine fetal ...
Araki Takako - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease of complex and still poorly understood cause and of variable phenotypes. It is characterized by anovulation, hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovaries. Infertility is commonly present. A variety of methods has been used successfully to achieve pregnancy in women with PCOS. Maintenance of pregnancy is ...
Inturrisi Maribeth - - 2011
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is an opportunity for women at risk for complications during pregnancy and beyond to change their life course to improve outcomes for themselves and their offspring. Providers of diabetes care during pregnancy complicated by hyperglycemia in pregnancy have the unique opportunity to make a significant difference.
Garenne Michel - - 2011
Demographic surveys and censuses often record pregnancy-related deaths, defined as those occurring during the maternal risk period (pregnancy, delivery, and six weeks postpartum), but do not include cause of death. This study presents a method for estimating obstetric mortality from pregnancy-related deaths data. Calculations are based on multiple-decrement life tables, ...
Backes Carl H - - 2011
Cancer during pregnancy represents a potential conflict between optimal maternal treatment and fetal development. Traditionally, clinicians operated under the assumption that cancer treatment during pregnancy is incompatible with normal fetal development. However, recent evidence suggests that many diagnostic and treatment modalities cause little or no harm to the developing fetus. ...
Evans Alexander C O - - 2011
The failure of cows to successfully establish pregnancy after insemination is an important limiting factor for the efficiency of dairy production systems. The physiological reasons for this are many and pertain to the post partum and early pregnancy periods. Cows that suffer severe negative energy balance after parturition are prone ...
Molitch Mark E - - 2011
Prolactinomas commonly cause infertility and treatment usually restores ovulation and fertility. The dopamine agonists are the preferred mode of treatment, with cabergoline generally being preferred to bromocriptine because of its higher therapeutic ratio. Experience with both drugs shows no increase in spontaneous abortions, preterm deliveries, multiple births, or congenital malformations, ...
Senapati Suneeta - - 2011
Endometriosis is associated with infertility; however, the etiology of this association is unclear, thus complicating management. Several mechanisms of pathogenesis have been proposed; however, no one theory has been implicated. Medical therapy can be helpful in managing symptoms, but does not improve pregnancy rates. The role of surgical treatment remains ...
Lee Hye Jun - - 2011
Aims: The aim of the present study was to identify the fresh variables that influence the frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) outcome using sibling two pronuclei (2PN) embryos in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS women. Material & methods: Fifty-five FET cycles were performed using sibling embryos randomly cryopreserved ...
Smith M Leah - - 2011
Endocrine disorders have been frequently linked to recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Because embryo attachment and early implantation are exquisitely controlled by the local hormonal milieu, endocrine-related pregnancy failures are likely to occur early in gestation. Thyroid disorders, luteal phase defects, and polycystic ovary syndrome are the endocrine abnormalities most commonly ...
Robottom Bradley James - - 2011
: Trihexyphenidyl is 1 of the most effective agents for treatment of young-onset dystonia. As such, women of childbearing potential use trihexyphenidyl despite inadequate information about potential effects on pregnancy, labor, and fetal development. : We report 2 uncomplicated pregnancies in 1 woman with early-onset, sporadic, primary generalized dystonia (DYT1 ...
Bandino Justin P - - 2011
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in otherwise healthy infants, and the rate of pregnancies complicated by a premature delivery continues to rise. Subsequently, attempts have been made to reduce this rate by using progesterone supplementation during pregnancy. 17alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P), a metabolite of progesterone, ...
Tyndall Victoria - - 2011
We investigated the effects of different windows of testosterone proprionate (TP) treatment during fetal and neonatal life in female rats to determine if and when excess androgen exposure would cause disruption of adult reproductive function. Animals were sacrificed pre-pubertally at d25, and as adults at d90. Plasma samples were taken ...
Senosy Waleed - - 2012
High-yielding Holstein-Friesian recipients (n = 43) were used in order to investigate the relation between energy balance status during the early postpartum period and subsequent embryonic mortality after transferring good-quality frozen embryos. Blood samples were collected during the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh weeks postpartum in order to measure energy ...
Codner Ethel - - 2011
Codner E, Soto N, Merino PM. Review of puberty, contraception, and pregnancy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Adolescence is a critical period for girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Reproductive issues, such as menstrual abnormalities, risk of an unplanned pregnancy, and contraception, should be addressed during this phase ...
Galazis N - - 2011
The study objective was to investigate whether ultrasound (US) monitoring is essential during treatment with clomiphene citrate (CC) for ovulation induction, as recommended by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) and the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). We performed a systematic review of all studies investigating the ...
Skubisz M M - - 2011
In current protocols for the medical management of ectopic pregnancies, the first indication of treatment response is obtained no sooner than day 7. We examined whether human chorionic gonadotrophin (βhCG) trends between days 0 and 4 after methotrexate provide an earlier indication of the likely outcome. Of 33 patients where ...
Khan Zahid Hussain - - 2011
A complicated and controversial subject in obstetrics i.e., toxemia of pregnancy is looked upon, both from an anesthesiological and obstetrical point of view. As pre-eclampsia and eclampsia involve immediate treatment and obstetric considerations, the choice between epidural and general anesthesia becomes necessary when cesarean section is contemplated. Apart from the ...
De Vos Michel - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes of fresh embryo transfer (ET) and vitrified-warmed ET in an artificial endometrial priming cycle in patients with polycystic ovaries (PCO) or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who underwent oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) in non-hCG-primed cycles. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University-based tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Thirty-nine ...
Kalliala I - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Kalliala I, Anttila A, Dyba T, Hakulinen T, Halttunen M, Nieminen P. Pregnancy incidence and outcome among patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a retrospective cohort study. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03042.x. Objective  To investigate the effect of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) treatment on incidence of pregnancy ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
Aim: To compare the efficacy of minimal stimulation and clomiphene citrate (CC) as a first-line treatment for anovulatory infertility associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: One hundred and thirteen women with PCOS were selected in this randomized controlled trial. Patients received minimal stimulation protocol consisted of 5 days CC ...
Zobel R - - 2011
Urovagina is detrimental to the health and fertility of cows worldwide. Surgery, the only known treatment, is not economically pragmatic to dairy practice, and it has some medical drawbacks. The objective of this study was to determine whether reproductive problems associated with urovagina could be alleviated through more practical and ...
Chico R Matthew - - 2011
The first-line therapy for the intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) is sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP). There is an urgent need to identify safe, well-tolerated and efficacious alternatives to SP due to widespread Plasmodium falciparum resistance. Combination therapy using azithromycin and chloroquine is one possibility that has demonstrated adequate parasitological ...
An Yuan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychological variables as well as changes in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) at baseline and in response to a psychosocial stressor affect the chance of achieving pregnancy in women undergoing a first in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Private IVF center. ...
Lucovnik Miha M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, 445 North 5th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004, - - 2011
Progestin supplementation appears to be a promising approach to both preventing initiation of preterm labor and treating it once it is already established, given the role of progesterone in maintaining pregnancy, as well as support from basic and clinical research. Progesterone and 17α-hydroxyprogesterone acetate slow the process of cervical ripening, ...
Shalom-Paz Einat - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on in vitro maturation (IVM) outcomes in women with polycystic ovaries. DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary IVF unit. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirteen women with polycystic ovaries. INTERVENTION(S): One hundred sixteen cycles of IVM. Patients were divided into subgroups according to ...
Opøien H K - - 2011
Surgical eradication of minimal and mild endometriosis has been shown to increase the birth rate both spontaneously and after intrauterine insemination. This study from a reproductive medicine unit at a referral university hospital examined whether surgical eradication of minimal and mild endometriosis prior to IVF improved the treatment outcome. Records ...
Fadini Rubens - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of oocyte IVM in case of nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Private IVF unit. PATIENT(S): All male partners were affected by NOA. Twenty-one women (20 normo-ovulatory and 1 with polycystic ovary) underwent 27 IVM treatments. The outcome of controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) cycles ...
Erol Tansel - - 2011
A cardiac hydatid cyst in pregnancy is a very rare condition. Surgical intervention followed by medical therapy is the treatment of choice. A hydatid disease in pregnancy is challenging with a varied presentation and manifestation. A pregnant woman presented with a ruptured pericardial cyst diagnosed by echocardiography, magnetic resonance and ...
Fadini Rubens - - 2011
In oocyte in-vitro maturation (IVM) treatments, the chances to achieve a pregnancy are critically dependent on the retrieval of a suitable number of oocytes. In this study, we assessed the ability of circulating levels of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) to identify normo-ovulatory women suitable for IVM treatment on the basis of ...
Lee Noel M - - 2011
Nausea and vomiting are common experiences in pregnancy, affecting 70% to 80% of all pregnant women. Various metabolic and neuromuscular factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), an entity distinct from NVP. However, their exact cause is unknown. Consequently, ...
Chen C-H - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Chen C-H, Xirasagar S, Lin C-C, Wang L-H, Kou Y, Lin H-C. Risk of adverse perinatal outcomes with antithyroid treatment during pregnancy: a nationwide population-based study. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03019.x Objective  To compare, using two large nationwide population-based data sets, the risk of adverse pregnancy ...
Li Chunyang - - 2011
PURPOSE: Reduction of serum total testosterone (TT) is associated with pregnancy rate in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women receiving metformin, but most of the studies focus on the changes of basal levels of TT. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the TT level around the ovulation period ...
Taniyama Atsushi - - 2011
Embryos of good, fair and poor quality were collected from superovulated cows and subjected to zona cutting (ZC) treatment using a needle under either an inverted microscope or a stereomicroscope. One (single transfer) or 2 (twin transfer) embryos with or without prior ZC treatment were transferred nonsurgically to recipients. Without ...
Ko Emily M - - 2011
Chemotherapy treatment of gynecologic malignancies during pregnancy should provide maternal benefit without undue fetal harm. We review the treatment regimens for gynecologic cancers occurring during pregnancy and the effects of chemotherapy on fetal development, parturition, and lactation. Women diagnosed with a gynecologic cancer during pregnancy require individualized treatment plans from ...
Dhaliwal Lakhbir Kaur - - 2011
Clomiphene citrate is commonly used for ovulation induction in women with anovulatory infertility. However, pregnancy rates with this drug are not as good as ovulation rates. Tamoxifen may be a better choice in some patients who fail to either ovulate or conceive with clomiphene due to its favorable effect on ...
Arya Roopen - - 2011
In pregnancy, the combination of altered coagulation factors, stasis and vascular damage heightens the thrombotic risk and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In women presenting with pregnancy-related VTE, the wellbeing of both mother and fetus must be considered, necessitating a multidisciplinary approach. The ...
Kjerulff Lucinda E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine which maternal and neonatal complications are associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in pregnant women. The studies that were included compared pregnancy outcomes between women with PCOS and those without diagnosed PCOS. Our primary outcomes included gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and ...
Aggarwal Neelam - - 2011
Aim:  Evaluate pregnancy outcome in women with extra hepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO). Material & Methods:  A total of 26 pregnancies in 14 women with EHPVO were evaluated for maternal and perinatal outcomes in a tertiary centre of Northern India. Fourteen pregnancies were evaluated prospectively while the details of 12 ...
Lopater Jonathan - - 2011
: Angiomyolipoma can worsen during pregnancy. Inferior vena cava thrombus of renal angiomyolipoma during pregnancy is rare, and threatens to cause massive emboli. We report a case of vena cava tumor thrombectomy during the second trimester of pregnancy with delayed renal tumorectomy. : A 34-year-old woman with bilateral known angiomyolipomas ...
Gonçalves Helen - - 2011
In Brazil, as in many other countries, teenage pregnancy is widely recognised as a public health problem. Buttressed by a public health science of the economics of teenage pregnancy that emphasises the postponement of parenthood as key to poverty reduction, young people's lack of appreciation for medical knowledge of contraceptives ...
Takehana Christopher S - - 2011
We present a case of a 29-year-old female in her second trimester of pregnancy with twin gestations who was involved in a major motor vehicle collision and subsequently diagnosed by multidetector computed tomography with retroperitoneal hemorrhage from a traumatic ruptured right ovarian vein. Gonadal vein rupture should be considered as ...
Sammour Rami N - - 2011
We present a case of a 36 year old woman with varicose veins of the uterine cervix diagnosed during the second trimester. The cervical tissue was completely replaced with dilated venous plexus. Therapeutic decisions were further complicated by the presence of blood clots within the dilated vessels. Pregnancy proceeded uneventfully, ...
Siepermann Meinolf - - 2012
We report for the first time the impact of neoadjuvant oral low-dose chemotherapy consisting of oral trofosfamide, idarubicin, and etoposide (O-TIE) in the case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in the lower jaw of an 18-year-old woman at 27 weeks of gestation, without fetal complications and a highly efficient anti-tumor response. ...
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