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Oruç S - - 1999
The effects of pregnancy on sexuality were studied in 158 pregnant women. They were surveyed by questionnaire about sociodemographic variables and sexual behaviour. Dyspareunia was common in our study group during pregnancy. Pregnancy had a negative effect on orgasmic quality. Dyspareunia and orgasmic quality influenced coital frequency. Coital frequency declined ...
Felice M E - - 1999
Although the prevention of unintended adolescent pregnancy is a primary goal of the American Academy of Pediatrics and society, many adolescents continue to become pregnant. Since the last statement on adolescent pregnancy was issued by the Academy in 1989, new observations have been recorded in the literature. The purpose of ...
Peláez Mendoz J - - 1999
PURPOSE: To understand which adolescents in Havana, Cuba, seek abortions and reasons for pregnancy termination. METHODS: The sample included all adolescents (n = 248) under the age of 20 years who sought pregnancy termination over a 1-month period in 1995. The participants completed a questionnaire exploring a range of issues ...
Orvos H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The number of teenage pregnancies has increased throughout the world and these pregnancies are reported in association with a higher rate of maternal and fetal complications. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the social surroundings; the results of ante-, intrapartum surveillance and perinatal outcome in adolescent pregnancies where mothers ...
Brindis C - - 1999
Although almost 500,000 teenagers deliver babies every year in the United States, adolescent birth trends in the late 1990s clearly reversed the dramatic rise in rates of the previous decade. The US birth rate for teenagers in 1997 was 52.3 live births per 1,000 women age 15 to 19, a ...
Trad P V - - 1999
Adolescence is a time of rapid developmental change and emotional upheaval as teenagers strive to assert their autonomy. In a similar vein, pregnancy--even under optimal circumstances with an adult mother--has been labelled a developmental crisis. Pregnancy during the teenage years has a synergistic effect, magnifying maturational changes in both the ...
Woodward L J - - 1999
The relationship between conduct problems at age 8 years and teenage pregnancy by the age of 18 years was analyzed in a birth cohort of 491 girls. A statistically significant association was found between early conduct problems and later risk of teenage pregnancy, with girls in the most disturbed 10% ...
Guagliardo M F - - 1999
PURPOSE: To establish self-reported rates and associated correlates of fathering pregnancies in urban teen males, and to explore the possibility of using their pregnancy history as a marker for other health-risk behaviors. METHODS: A blinded, self-administered questionnaire was given to the predominantly African-American patients of an inner-city adolescent outpatient clinic. ...
Ambadekar N N - - 1999
Present record based study was undertaken in Medical record section of Government medical college, Nagpur, to assess teenage as a risk factor for pregnancy complications, outcome, and operative or assisted delivery. Five year (January 1993 to December 1997) data was scanned, which gave sample of 1830 teenage pregnancies; while equal ...
Saito M I - - 1998
Sexual activity during adolescence may represent a risk for young women's quality of life as well as their health. This practice can result in early pregnancy, abortion, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. The need for sexual education in order to identify and prevent the risk factors of an unwanted ...
Pinto e Silva J L - - 1998
Pregnancy among adolescents is an important problem in most developing countries. The phenomenon in Brazil seems numerically stable for the age group from 15 to 19 years old, with a trend of increase in the first segment of adolescence, below 15. The majority of pregnancies are unwanted, with medical, psychological ...
Greene J M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To compare estimates of the prevalence of pregnancy among runaway and homeless youth between the ages of 14 and 17 years in various settings with each other and with youth in the general population. METHODS: Comparisons used three surveys of youth: (a) the first nationally representative survey of runaway ...
Howard A - - 1998
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine which of TLSO, Charleston, or Milwaukee bracing best prevents curve progression and surgery in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Bracing has been shown to prevent curve progression in idiopathic scoliosis, when compared with no treatment. However, there is little literature ...
Murphy J J - - 1998
CONTEXT: Understanding whether and to what degree changes in young men's attitudes explain increases in condom use over time can be useful in developing more effective disease prevention strategies. METHODS: Data from the 1988 and the 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males are used to determine changes in attitudes toward ...
Jamieson M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The veracity of adult allegations of remote childhood sexual abuse have been the focus of intense debate fueled by the controversy over both repressed and false memory syndromes. Likewise, increased awareness of physician misconduct in recent years has mandated numerous policy statements and task force guidelines to protect patients. ...
Moorrees C F - - 1998
The timing of Class II, division 1 malocclusion treatment is discussed in the context of the development of the dentition within the craniofacial environment. The occlusion of the dentition actually serves as the key that controls and maintains the exact position of the mandible vis-à-vis the maxilla during childhood, pubescence ...
Kaufmann R B - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Estimate pregnancy, abortion, and birth rates for 1990 to 1995 for all teens, sexually experienced teens, and sexually active teens. DESISN: Retrospective analysis of national data on pregnancies, abortions, and births. Participants. US women aged 15 to 19 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: Annual pregnancy, abortion, and birth rates for 1990 ...
Fiscella K - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare rates of adolescent pregnancy among African-American adolescents who began smoking as adolescents with those who did not. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 1042 primiparous African-American women enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of nurse home visitation were examined. The independent variable, adolescent smoking, was defined ...
Saewyc E M - - 1998
PURPOSE: A recent study found a disproportionate number of pregnancies among Euro-American lesbian and bisexual adolescents compared to heterosexual peers. American Indian adolescents have reported higher prevalence of gay/lesbian/bisexual orientations than Euro-Americans; do they also report higher prevalence of pregnancy? METHODS: The study assessed prevalence of teen pregnancy and related ...
Rodgers J L - - 1998
Nonlinear dynamic modeling has useful developmental applications. The authors introduce this class of models and contrast them with traditional linear models. Epidemic models of the onset of social activities (EMOSA models) are a special case, motivated by J. L. Rodgers and D. C. Rowe's (1993) social contagion theory, which predict ...
Wagner K D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Study 1 evaluated whether pregnancy is a stressful life event for teenagers and is associated with depression for teenagers with a pessimistic attributional style but not for those with an optimistic attributional style. Study 2 replicated unexpected findings from study 1. Study 3 evaluated whether pregnant teenagers with a ...
Delbanco S F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine American teenagers' awareness of and knowledge about emergency contraceptive pills and their likelihood to use them. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative telephone survey between March 28, 1996, and May 5, 1996, of 1510 teenagers (757 girls and 753 boys), aged 12 to 18 years, living in ...
Rigsby D C - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To review risk factors for rapid repeat pregnancy that have been studied among adolescents, and to determine which of these factors serve as useful predictors for second pregnancy. DESIGN: A Medline search of journal articles from 1966 to 1997 identified English language articles addressing repeat pregnancy among adolescents. ...
Pierre N - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of unknown and nondisclosed pregnancies identified from a preoperative protocol for pregnancy testing of adolescents. DESIGN: A protocol was developed for pregnancy testing of all 12-21-year-old females presenting to the day surgery unit (DSU) at a large children's ...
Kamb M L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We studied the effect of small monetary incentives and non-monetary incentives of similar value on enrollment and participation in clinic based HIV/STD prevention counselling. We examined incident STDs to try to assess whether participants offered money may be less motivated to change risky behaviours than those offered other incentives. ...
Gould J B - - 1998
CONTEXT: Traditional methods of identifying areas in need of adolescent pregnancy prevention programs may miss small localities with high levels of adolescent childbearing. METHODS: Birthrates for 15-17-year-olds were computed for all California zip codes, and the zip codes with birthrates in the 75th percentile were identified. Panels of local experts ...
Mims B L - - 1998
This article gives a detailed overview of the literature on adolescent pregnancy in African American families. According to the latest data available from the National Center for Health Statistics (1998), the greatest decline in adolescent pregnancy was among African Americans. In spite of the decline of 21% from 1991-1996, African ...
- - 1998
In the United States during 1985-1990, the pregnancy rate for persons aged 15-19 years increased 9%. From 1991 to 1992, however, the rate declined substantially in 31 of the 42 states for which data were available; from 1992 through 1995, the birth rate declined steadily, and state-specific abortion rates decreased ...
- - 1998
Despite prevention efforts at the state and federal levels, adolescent pregnancy rates in the United States are among the highest in developed countries. The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act mandates a national strategy to prevent pregnancy among teenagers and requires that states establish goals to reduce the ...
Warnes A M - - 1998
"The paper focuses on three aspects of the retirement of British citizens to Malta and Gozo: the evolution of the British settlement, four pathways to the islands, and the formation of the current demographic and household characteristics.... The immigration of British retirees to Malta has fluctuated in volume and character ...
Nash J - - 1998
Dr. Mildred Genoa Allison-Cleveland, affectionately known as "Dr. Millie," was an important part of life at Cleveland Chiropractic College for over thirty years, serving first as a clerical assistant, then instructor, administrative assistant, and trusted right hand of her husband, Dr. Carl Cleveland, Jr. Yet Mildred Cleveland, like many other ...
- - 1998
On January 7,1998, an ice storm struck the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. In Maine, 3 consecutive days of rain combined with ground temperatures consistently below freezing resulted in heavy accumulations of ice on trees and electric power lines. Falling trees and branches and breaking utility poles resulted in ...
Gessner B D - - 1998
PURPOSE: To quantify the experience of violence before, during, and after pregnancy among teenage mothers compared to older mothers and to identify the proportion of births to teenagers that result from statutory rape. METHODS: We analyzed data collected during 1991-1994 from the Alaska Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), a ...
Brabin L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This paper considers why antenatal care (ANC) programs for adolescents may need to be improved in areas where a high proportion of first pregnancies are to young girls. DESIGN: Descriptive data on the characteristics of 615 adolescents (aged 10-19 years) who attended for a first antenatal care visit at ...
Penman D G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of gastroschisis and to identify possible aetiological factors. DESIGN: A retrospective case review study. SETTING: The South West Region of England. POPULATION: All known cases of gastroschisis were identified from the regional fetal medicine, ultrasound, pathology and neonatal surgery, databases. Datasets to be collected were ...
Verhulst J - - 1998
The distribution of birth years for Nobel physicists shows a circaseptennian (about 7-year) periodicity. This observation extends an earlier observation of a circaseptennian pattern in the distribution of birth years for early quantum physicists. In both categories, birth rate tends to maximize in years belonging to the (7n + 4) ...
Barda G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess characteristics of an Israeli group of nulliparous teenagers and to compare selected variables of their course and outcome of pregnancy with controls. METHODS: Hospital records of 46 consecutive nulliparous teenagers younger than 17.5 years who delivered during a ten-year period and 84 matched adult controls were reviewed. ...
Lesser J - - 1998
PROBLEM: To obtain a description of pregnant adolescents' responses to the preparation for motherhood class curriculum. METHODS: The design of this study was based in the anthropological tradition of qualitative research, ethnography; N = 36. FINDINGS: Within one category identified in this study, maternal role, three primary themes emerged: responsibility, ...
Raphling D L - - 1998
Aggression continues to be a problematic, ill-defined concept for most contemporary analysts. Questions about the nature and origin of aggression remain unanswered. On the one hand, aggression is conceived of as an instinctual drive; on the other, it is thought to originate as an instrument of reaction to external sources ...
Haskey J - - 1998
This article considers the advent in 1995 of civil marriage in approved premises which was made possible by a new Marriage Act. The growth and characteristics of approved premises marriages which were solemnised in the first 1 3/4 years of the Act are analysed, comparing the patterns of marriage by ...
Cohall A T - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To assess the awareness of emergency contraception (EC) among inner-city adolescents attending a general primary health care clinic. METHOD: 197 patients filled out an anonymous 28-item survey on sexual activity, experience with contraceptives, attitude toward pregnancy, experience with pregnancy, awareness of and intent to use EC. RESULTS: 71% of ...
Ohyu J - - 1997
The expression of microtubule-associated protein 5 (MAP5) in the developing human brain was studied by means of an immunohistochemical method. In the cerebellum, MAP5 immunoreactivity appeared in the molecular layer and subcortical white matter from the early fetal age of 13 gestational weeks (GW), and temporally increased in the outer ...
Havens K K - - 1997
PURPOSE: This study evaluated a mentoring program designed to decrease the risk of repeat pregnancy among unmarried primiparous teens, ages 12-19. METHODS: Adolescents (n = 110) completed a battery that assessed sexual/contraceptive behavior; psychological adjustment; and attitudes towards school. Teens were then randomly assigned to a mentor or control group, ...
Millar W J - - 1997
This article uses vital statistics relating to births by Canadian mothers between 1992 and 1994 to examine the distribution of age of father by age of mother at the birth of the child. Over 77% of births to teenage mothers involved males who were older than the mother. At the ...
Pierre N - - 1997
Teen pregnancy is a multifaceted problem closely connected to economic, education, social, cultural, and political factors. Adolescents in the United States have the highest pregnancy rates in the Western world. Teen parenthood is associated with discontinued or delayed education, reduced employment opportunities, low wages, unstable marriages, and prolonged welfare dependency. ...
Cook J R - - 1997
Neighbors often presume that group homes (GHs) have negative effects on their neighborhoods, but it is rather unclear how often GHs actually have adverse effects. Neighbors of GHs and a matched set of people who did not live near GH were interviewed. Neighbors of GHs were asked about their experiences ...
Clark L R - - 1997
PURPOSE: Many surveys of adolescent behavior are dependent on self-reported data. We sought to assess the accuracy of adolescent self-report of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pregnancies. METHODS: We randomly selected 149 (118 females, 31 males) adolescents to participate in this accuracy study. Follow-up questionnaires were administered to the 126 ...
Langille D B - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: This study was carried out to determine the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors related to practice behaviors in the prevention of adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and to assess physicians' "ideal" history taking and service provision versus their actual practice in this clinical area. METHODS: Twenty-six of ...
Kenney J W - - 1997
PURPOSE: This study examined ethnic differences in childhood and adolescent sexual abuse and the effect on teenage pregnancy rates. METHODS: A 20-page questionnaire elicited information about women's sexual and pregnancy history, high-risk behaviors, and sexual abuse, based a modified version of the Koss and Oros Sexual Experiences Survey. Over 1,900 ...
Cockey C D - - 1997
The challenge of breaking the cycle of teen pregnancy patterns looms like an almost impossible task. For many, the tragedy of teen pregnancy within our society represents the failure of communities and government in addressing a fundamental social problem that sends hundreds of thousands of citizens into poverty each year. ...
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