Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 917
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Hooke A - - 2000
Disadvantages and risks related to teenage pregnancy, together with a recent increase in Scottish conception rates among teenagers aged 13-15 years old, give cause for concern. Using an illustrated short story and questionnaire, attitudes of 129 Ayrshire teenagers aged 14-15 years old were examined to teenage pregnancy, and more generally ...
Chakravarty B - - 2000
Eighteen women aged 12 to 20 years with congenital cervicovaginal atresia were treated with a new technique of surgical canalization. All are now having regular menses. Two pregnancies have been achieved, with delivery of viable neonates. Surgical correction of this anomaly during adolescence may aid in restoration of menstrual and ...
- - 2000
Each year in the United States, 800,000-900,000 adolescents aged < or = 19 years become pregnant. Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing have been associated with adverse health and social consequences for young women and their children. This report presents estimated national numbers of pregnancies and national and state-specific pregnancy rates for ...
Trivedi A N - - 2000
New Zealand has the second highest published teenage pregnancy rate in the world. Different papers have shown adverse obstetric outcome for teenage mothers. The aim of this study was to compare the obstetric parameters, such as birth weight, gestation at birth, Apgar scores, breech delivery, caesarean sections, instrumental deliveries, incidences ...
Hellerstedt W L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To examine health care professionals' knowledge and interest in training in adolescent pregnancy prevention and whether an association exists between perceived knowledge and interest in training. DESIGN: A cross-sectional mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS: Random, stratified sample design that identified 800 psychologists, 800 social workers, 1,000 nurses, and 400 pediatricians from ...
Dickson N - - 2000
AIMS: To examine trends in birth and total pregnancy rates among teenage women in New Zealand, ethnic differences and international comparisons. METHODS: Routinely collected data on births and abortions by age in New Zealand have been used to derive teenage birth rates and estimated total teenage pregnancy rates. RESULTS: The ...
Shew M L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the prevalence of home pregnancy testing among adolescents. METHODS: A survey was administered in 11 urban clinics to 600 females aged 13 to 19 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of home pregnancy test use was 34% among 474 sexually experienced youths; 77% of the users had received ...
Lenders C M - - 2000
Prevention of unintended adolescent pregnancy is a primary goal of the American Academy of Pediatrics and of many health providers. Nevertheless, many adolescents become pregnant every year in America. Pediatricians therefore should be aware of nutritional recommendations for pregnant adolescents to provide optimal care. The importance of nutrition during pregnancy ...
Jiménez M A - - 2000
Pregnancy in adolescence constitutes the main public health problem for this age group, in some countries. The health problems derived from adolescent pregnancy, birth and neonatal attention depend more on factors of social and environmental risk than on physiological and biological risk factors in adolescence. A descriptive study has been ...
Veldhuizen A G - - 2000
The aetiology of idiopathic scoliosis: biomechanical and neuromuscular factors small curve develops due to a small defect in the neuromuscular control system and a second stage during adolescent growth in which the scoliotic curve is exacerbated by biomechanical factors.
Van Eyk - - 2000
Background: To determine if adolescent pregnancies are at increased risk of poor obstetrical outcome compared with a general obstetrical population.Methods: A five-year retrospective review of the Toronto Hospital for Sick Children's Teenage Pregnancy Unit was carried out. Information was available on 209 patients < 19 years age between January 1994 ...
Hart D A - - 2000
Recently, evidence has been accumulating that ligament and joint laxity is altered in women and rabbits during pregnancy. Furthermore, many female adolescents injure ligaments through participation in athletics and other activities. Therefore, to determine whether pregnancy has different effects on the injured and uninjured medial collateral ligament of the rabbit ...
Hacker K A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To ascertain views of public high school students on preventing teen pregnancy. The authors hypothesized that students at varying risk for pregnancy (e.g., abstinent, consistent contraceptors, inconsistent contraceptors) would have differing views which would have implications for future pregnancy prevention programming. METHODS: A 75-question anonymous survey designed for this ...
Wagner P J - - 2000
Frequencies of new character state derivations are analyzed for 56 fossil taxa. The hypothesis that new character states are added continuously throughout clade history can be rejected for 48 of these clades. Two alternative explanations are considered: finite states and ordered states. The former hypothesizes a limited number of states ...
Bruning J L - - 2000
The authors conducted this study among U.S. students to determine whether expectations of job success are related to the degree of match between the masculinity or femininity of men's or women's names and the stereotypic masculinity or femininity of planned occupations. Results confirmed the predictions: The greater the match among ...
Hippisley-Cox J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine variations in teenage pregnancy rates in Trent region and to determine possible associations with local general practice characteristics such as the age and sex of the doctors. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: All 826 general practices in Trent region in existence between 1994 and 1997. SUBJECTS: All ...
Haun S J - - 2000
Loth and Henneberg ([1996] Am J Phys Anthropol 99:473-485) assert that they have discovered a single morphologic indicator of sexual dimorphism in the human mandible that rivals the predictive accuracy of the complete pelvis at 94.2% for all samples (99% for healthy samples). To test the accuracy of their method, ...
van Enk W J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To study differences in frequency and obstetric outcome of teenage pregnancy (not ending in induced abortion) between the main ethnic groups in The Netherlands. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study based on the 1990-93 birth cohort in the National Obstetric Registry. SUBJECTS: A total of 10,583 teenagers and 54,501 20-24-year-old ...
Talashek M L - - 2000
Rates of adolescent pregnancy and childbearing, while in slight decline in the United States since 1992, remain high enough to warrant significant national concern. Birth rates, however, remain particularly high for minority adolescents. One hundred fifty-two records of African American and Latina adolescents receiving prenatal care from nurse midwives at ...
Guyatt G H - - 2000
The objective of this study is to compare the results of randomized trials and observational studies of interventions to prevent adolescent pregnancy. We identified published and unpublished reports through computerized searches of CATLINE, CINAHL, CONFERENCE PAPERS INDEX, DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS ONLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, NTIS, POPLINE, PsycINFO, and SOCIOLOGICAL ABSTRACTS; manual ...
Miller F C - - 2000
Between 1990 and 1997 teen pregnancy and birth rates have fallen dramatically, especially in black teens. However, the teen birth rate in the United States remains the highest of any industrialized nation: four times higher than Germany, six times higher than France. Contraception use has also increased. Condoms were used ...
Bukulmez O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adolescent pregnancy is associated with increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study which enrolled 1460 singleton adolescent pregnancies and 2980 controls, delivered at Hacettepe University Hospital between January 1990 and January 1998. RESULTS: Significantly higher rate of perinatal and severe perinatal complications ...
Singh S - - 2000
CONTEXT: Adolescent pregnancy occurs in all societies, but the level of teenage pregnancy and childbearing varies from country to country. A cross-country analysis of birth and abortion measures is valuable for understanding trends, for identifying countries that are exceptional and for seeing where further in-depth studies are needed to understand ...
Nadarajah S - - 2000
AIM OF STUDY: The aim was to analyse the pregnancy outcome among girls, aged 17 and below, at KK Hospital. METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective study. A total of 108 adolescent pregnancies were analysed with regards to pregnancy order, antenatal complications, mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome. RESULTS: The 2 ...
Dixon A C AC Philliber Research Associates, Accord, New York 12404, - - 2000
A Journey Toward Womanhood is an Afrocentric pregnancy prevention program for adolescent females developed by Sisterhood Agenda in Durham, North Carolina. In the present study, 33 past participants in the program were compared with 32 nonparticipants. Results suggested that the program had a positive impact, delaying the initiation of sexual ...
Botting B - - 2000
The late 1960s and early 1970s saw major changes in access to birth control. This article reviews trends in fertility and contraception between 1976 when the Family Formation Survey was undertaken and 1998, the latest year for which data are available. There has been an increase in mean age at ...
Coard S I - - 2000
First-time adolescent mothers are at high risk for a repeat pregnancy. The present investigation, part of an ongoing longitudinal study, examined sociodemographic, family, and health factors associated with repeat Pregnancy in a clinic sample of urban, first-time adolescent mothers (ages 13 to 17 years). They were predominantly African-American and from ...
Arnold E M - - 2000
Finding effective ways to prevent adolescent pregnancy is a concern of public health officials, educators, social workers, parents, and legislators. Numerous programs exist, but there is debate as to whether it is the specific program itself or other factors that are responsible for participants' successful outcomes. Using a quasi-experimental design, ...
Ballesteros M F - - 2000
Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death among teenagers in the US. The present study examines how crash rates and crash characteristics differed among drivers aged 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, and 21 in the state of Maryland from 1996 through 1998. The results show that, based ...
Emslie G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Depressive disorders can occur at any point in the lifespan. One way of differentiating antidepressants is by examining their efficacy and safety in the special patient populations that exist along the lifespan. Thus, we examine clinical data that is available regarding the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) ...
Shawky S - - 2000
The relationship between marriage before 16 years and pregnancy outcome throughout the childbearing period was examined. Participants included all married women attending six randomly selected primary health care units in Jeddah with at least one infant and complete medical files. Early teenage marriage was found for 27.2% of women. Most ...
McMullin B - - 2000
In the late 1940s John von Neumann began to work on what he intended as a comprehensive "theory of [complex] automata." He started to develop a book length manuscript on the subject in 1952. However, he put it aside in 1953, apparently due to pressure of other work. Due to ...
Rabbia F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found a relation ship between small size at birth and high blood pressure (HBP). However, this association has not been fully evaluated in adolescence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relation of birth weight (BW) to BP in adolescence, controlling for factors ...
Cheyne K L - - 1999
The United States continues to have the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy in the western industrialized world. This review focuses on the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy rates and the recent slight decline in the number of sexually experienced youths. Risk factors for adolescent pregnancy, such as history of forced ...
Hayes S K - - 1999
Once upon a time, there were two creative, intelligent, staff development educators who worked in a large hospital in Dayton, Ohio, and who wanted to tell a story about how to share performance improvement initiatives with others. To narrate their story, they used a problem-solving method, a coordinating theme, bright ...
Richardson K K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on adolescent pregnancy and substance use for the purpose of identifying practice and research implications. DATA SOURCES: Computerized searches were done using MEDLINE and CINAHL, as well as references cited in the articles reviewed. Key words used in the search were adolescent pregnancy and substance ...
Bloom K C - - 1999
PURPOSE: To explore and describe dimensions of pregnancy wantedness in adolescents who present for pregnancy testing. DESIGN: Descriptive survey. METHODS: Adolescents presenting for pregnancy testing at a multiservice teen center were invited to participate by completing the Pregnancy Importance Questionnaire while awaiting the results of their pregnancy test. Eighty-nine adolescents ...
Sabo D F - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine whether high school athletic participation among adolescents in Western New York was associated with reduced rates of sexual behavior and pregnancy involvement. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the Family and Adolescent Study, a longitudinal study of a random sample of adolescents (ages 13-16 years) from ...
Lawson M A - - 1999
Pelvic inflammatory disease is the most significant consequence of sexually transmitted infections. Statistics suggest that adolescents have a significantly higher rate of PID than does any other age group. Even asymptomatic and minimally symptomatic PID can lead to adhesions, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy, so clinicians should maintain a high index ...
Polaneczky M - - 1999
Despite declines in adolescent pregnancy rates in the past decade, unplanned pregnancies among adolescents remain a significant problem in the United States. Clinicians caring for adolescents can be certain to encounter pregnancy in their patients. This article addresses surveillance and diagnosis for pregnancy in the adolescent, management, and referral of ...
Paine-Andrews A - - 1999
CONTEXT: A significant amount of attention has been devoted to the complex issue of teenage pregnancy and to programs for reducing pregnancy among adolescents. Careful evaluations of such programs are needed to ascertain what strategies will be most effective at reducing teenage pregnancy. METHODS: A pretest-posttest comparison group design was ...
Wang C S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To study the risk factors for adolescent primigravida in Kaohsiung county, Taiwan. METHODS: This is a population survey on primigravida based on household registry to study risk factors affecting pregnancy of 215 women aged < 18; 341 women aged 18-19; and 590 women aged 20-34. RESULTS: The mean age ...
Nitz K - - 1999
Adolescent pregnancy is a significant social concern. Although rates of adolescent pregnancy have decreased in recent years, they are higher than in any other industrialized nation. Adolescent pregnancy increases the risk of negative consequences for mothers and their children. With little theory to guide practice, pregnancy prevention programs have had ...
Wang C S - - 1999
Adolescent pregnancy is a burgeoning problem in Taiwan. This descriptive epidemiologic study was designed to compare the prenatal characteristics and birth outcomes of adolescent and adult primigravidas. The adolescent primigravidas included 215 mothers (younger adolescents) younger than 18 years of age and 341 mothers aged 18 or 19 years, who ...
Whaley A L - - 1999
Adolescents are at high risk for negative health outcomes associated with unprotected sexual intercourse including infection with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and unintended pregnancy. That unprotected sexual intercourse is the risk behavior common to both problems has not been fully capitalized on in prevention programs. Limited knowledge about ...
Rubin V V Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103-8449, - - 1999
This study explores if and how adolescents' pregnancy intentions relate to life situations and health-related behaviors prenatally and up to 2 years postpartum. Adolescent girls who reported that they had "wanted a baby" (n = 75) as their reason for pregnancy were compared with those who reported that the pregnancy ...
Green E C - - 1999
The Civil War and Reconstruction and the South's postbellum industrialization produced economic dislocation on a tremendous scale. One product of that economic upheaval was an increasing problem of infanticides and infant abandonments. This case study of Richmond, Virginia, examines patterns of abandonment and neonaticide as documented in records of the ...
Flanagan P - - 1999
The question of just what is the relationship of early pregnancy and childbearing and substance use among adolescents remains unanswered. From a public health perspective, both behaviors are unwanted, and populations that are at risk are often at high risk for both. Perhaps prevention of one behavior may be expected ...
Kumbi S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the difference in pregnancy outcome in teenage pregnancies and pregnancy in an older age group. DESIGN: A cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gondar College of Medical Sciences (GCMS) Hospital. SUBJECTS: All teenage pregnant women and older pregnant women who delivered ...
Stevens-Simon C - - 1999
CONTEXT: Even in intensive, adolescent-oriented programs, in which access to highly effective contraceptives is guaranteed, repeat adolescent pregnancies commonly occur. METHODS: To assess whether adoption of the contraceptive implant would lower the rate of repeat pregnancy, contraceptive use and pregnancy outcomes were tracked among 309 adolescent mothers--171 "early" implant users ...
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