Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 926
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Russell W M S - - 2002
This article discusses three serious wars that were averted and the three men who averted them. In 1478-79, Pope Sixtus IV's hatred of the Medici culminated in aggressive war against Florence, supported by his powerful ally King Ferrante of Naples. The initial stags of this war were indecisive, but it ...
Rothenberg Andrea - - 2002
The impact of early pregnancy and parenting on adolescents is well documented, with its negative effects on achieving adequate education, job skills training, gainful employment and economic independence duly recognized. While current interest and resources focus on abstinence only programs as major pregnancy prevention initiatives, we are increasingly failing those ...
Skues R A - - 2001
In a recent article in this journal, Philip Kuhn (1999) criticised Peter Swales's 1982 thesis that Minna Bernays, Freud's sister-in-law, aborted the child that she had conceived by Freud during their summer travels together in 1900, and proposed instead that the aliquis slip of around this time reveals a momentary ...
Mensch B S - - 2001
Using data from nearly 600 adolescents aged 12-19 in combination with data collected from 33 primary schools that the adolescents attended, this report explores whether certain aspects of the school environment affect the initiation of premarital sex among girls and boys in three districts of Kenya. The results suggest that, ...
Zemunik T - - 2001
Pregnancy, lactation and the relationship between mother and their offspring in adolescence was studied in terms of pups neurosomatic development. The frequency of conception and birth rate were reduced in adolescent dams. Their body weight gain was accelerated during the first two weeks of pregnancy, while a significant delay occurred ...
Darroch J E - - 2001
CONTEXT: Adolescent pregnancy, birth, abortion and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates are much higher in the United States than in most other developed countries. METHODS: Government statistics or nationally representative survey data were supplemented with data collected by private organizations or for regional or local populations to conduct studies of ...
Darroch J E - - 2001
In the United States today, 9% of women aged 15 to 19 years become pregnant each year: 5% give birth, 3% have induced abortions, and 1% have miscarriages or stillbirths--rates much higher than those in other developed countries. Rates are highest among those who are older, from disadvantaged backgrounds, black ...
McFarland H F - - 2001
In spite of what were thought to be adequate preparations, eastern North Carolina was devastated by the enormity of an unexpected and catastrophic flood, which followed on the heels of two hurricanes. The stories describing what happened during that time provide the information necessary to be ready for future disasters. ...
Mesleh R A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of teenage pregnancy and its complications as compared to controls. METHODS: A retrospective case record analysis of 2522 pregnancies, aged below 25 years was carried out, in the Department of Obstetrics, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital during the period 1 January 1999 to 31st December 1999. ...
Marcus D A - - 2001
The vast majority of people experience tension-type headache during their lifetimes. Boys experience tension-type headache slightly more than girls during preadolescent years. During adolescence and adult years, tension-type headache occurs more commonly in females. Tension-type headache changes in women occur in relation to gynecologic changes, including menses, pregnancy, and menopause. ...
Langley J D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of drowning in New Zealand for the period 1980-94. METHODS: Drowning-related incidents were identified by linking New Zealand Health Information Service and Water Safety New Zealand databases. RESULTS: 2,606 drowning-related incidents were identified. In three-quarters of the incidents, drowning was listed as the immediate cause ...
Xu Z - - 2001
Nicotine is a neuroteratogen that targets synaptic function during critical developmental stages and recent studies indicate that CNS vulnerability extends into adolescence, the time that smoking typically commences. We administered nicotine to pregnant or adolescent rats via continuous minipump infusions, using dose rates that replicate the plasma nicotine levels found ...
Watt L D - - 2001
Despite federal, state, and community attention to the issue, pregnancy among adolescents remains a significant problem, with close to a million adolescents becoming pregnant each year. Most pregnancy prevention programs focus on young women; few effective or innovative programs exist for adolescent males. Current research supports the supposition that gender ...
Hennrikus W L - - 2001
The pregnancy status of female teenagers presenting for orthopaedic surgery is often unknown. Anesthetics may have teratogenic or abortive effects. The authors report the results of a screening program for unrecognized pregnancy in 532 female teenagers presenting for orthopaedic surgery. Five patients with a positive urine human chorionic gonadotropin test ...
Garside R - - 2001
Young people are at risk from sexually transmitted infections (STIs)--the incidence of chlamydia in the UK is highest among young women aged 16-19. Despite this, young people lack knowledge about STIs and are more aware of the risks of unwanted pregnancy than their risk of acquiring an STI. This study ...
Zavodny M - - 2001
CONTEXT: Although the determinants of whether a teenage woman has a nonmarital pregnancy and how such a pregnancy is resolved have been widely investigated, little is known about the effect of her partner's characteristics or the joint influence of the two partners' characteristics on nonmarital teenage pregnancy. METHODS: Data from ...
Evans A - - 2001
CONTEXT: Teenagers' decisions about how to resolve a pregnancy are made in the context of a society, a family and a relationship with a partner. Little is known about how such decisions are made, however, particularly in Australia. METHODS: The association between the influence--both direct and indirect--of significant others and ...
Wallace J - - 2001
Human adolescent mothers have an increased risk of delivering low birth weight and premature infants with high mortality rates within the first year of life. Studies using a highly controlled adolescent sheep paradigm demonstrate that, in young growing females, the hierarchy of nutrient partitioning during pregnancy is altered to promote ...
Igwegbe A O - - 2001
A 30-month retrospective and comparative study of the obstetric performance of teenagers and females between 20 and 24 years was performed at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria. The prevalence of teenage birth was 21.8 per 1000 deliveries. Females aged 2024 years performed better than teenagers with respect to ...
Bailey P E - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine social and behavioral consequences of pregnancy and how these differed according to the pregnancy outcome (live birth or abortion) 1 year after the event. METHODS: This was a prospective study of two groups of young women aged 12-18 years, one attending prenatal services and the other admitted ...
Crosby R A - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine correlates of worry about pregnancy among a high-risk sample of low-income African-American adolescent females. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that perceived male partner desire for pregnancy and level of sexual communication would be independently associated with adolescent females' worry about ...
Whitehead E - - 2001
This paper describes research into perceptions of teenage pregnancy at two different demographical locations in the UK. Ninety-five semi-structured interviews were conducted on a teenage pregnant population and a non-pregnant teenage population. Thematic analysis revealed three levels of influence causing social pressures on the teenage pregnancy and were structured as ...
Gueorguieva R V - - 2001
Teenage pregnancies have become a public health issue because of their observed negative effects on perinatal outcomes and long-term morbidity. The association of young maternal age and long-term morbidity is usually confounded, however, by the high prevalence of poverty, low level of education, and single marital status among teenage mothers. ...
McLeod A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To measure the impact of socioeconomic deprivation on rates of teenage pregnancy and the extent of local variation in pregnancy rates in Scotland, and to examine how both have changed over time. DESIGN: Population study using routine data from hospital records, aggregated for small areas. SUBJECTS: Female teenagers resident ...
Woodward L J - - 2001
AIMS: To describe the lifetime prevalence of teenage pregnancy and parenthood, in addition to the psychosocial backgrounds and current circumstances of young parents in a sample of 533 young women studied from bith to 21 years. METHODS: The data were gathered as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study. ...
Stevens-Simon C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine which components of a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, adolescent-oriented maternity program help teenage mothers delay subsequent pregnancies.DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: A cohort of 373 participants in a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, adolescent-oriented maternity program was studied. INTERVENTION: The program was designed to prevent rapid subsequent pregnancies directly by simplifying access to contraceptives and indirectly ...
Cowley C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the factors associated with attitudes toward pregnancy among girls presenting to an adolescent health clinic to better predict which girls are at the highest risk of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional provider-administered survey design. POPULATION: A total 202 girls aged 13 to 18 years presenting ...
Ventura S J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1996 and 1997 to update a recently published comprehensive report on pregnancies and pregnancy rates for U.S. women. METHODS: Tabular and graphic data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and described. RESULTS: In ...
Seamark C - - 2001
The UK has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in Western Europe. A retrospective record-based study was conducted in an East Devon general practice to gain greater understanding of the outcome of first teenage pregnancy and subsequent reproductive history. The comparison group was women who had first conceived between the ...
Koumantakis E - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentration of plasma carnitine (total, free, and acylcarnitine) during the delivery of uncomplicated pregnancies of adolescent women. To investigate the relationship between maternal and neonatal levels of carnitine and to compare these carnitine levels between pregnant and nonpregnant adolescents. DESIGN: Samples of maternal and umbilical ...
Granja A C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To describe adolescent maternal mortality and analyze its avoidability. METHODS: An audit approach was used to clarify the presence of avoidable factors in 239 maternal deaths, of which 22% were among adolescents. RESULTS: The main causes of adolescent death were malaria, pregnancy-induced hypertension, puerperal sepsis, and septic abortion. The ...
Ziadeh S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate obstetric outcomes of nulliparous teenagers and to compare selected variables of their course and outcome of pregnancy with controls. METHODS: A review of hospital records from 1997-1999 was done to compare the obstetric outcome in 760 teenage first pregnancies (study group) ...
Lal M - - 2001
To assess the magnitude of teenage pregnancies in the Rewa Medical Sub-division as well as the socio-demographic characteristics of the affected teenagers so as to provide a baseline for tackling the problem. The study was a 5 year retrospective study (1994-1998) of the medical records of the Nausori Maternity Unit, ...
Jewkes R - - 2001
Teenage pregnancy is extremely common in South Africa. Whilst its 'problematic' nature is a subject of debate, it reflects a pattern of sexual activity which puts teenagers at risk of HIV. Currently one in five pregnant teenagers is infected with the virus. This creates a new imperative to understand teenage ...
East P L PL Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103-8449, USA. - - 2001
This study followed 243 younger brothers and younger sisters of parenting teens and nonparenting teens across a 1.5-year period. The average age of siblings was 13.6 years at Time 1 and 15 years at Time 2. Relative to other youths, the sisters of parenting teens exhibited a sharp increase in ...
Quinlivan J A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of domestic violence among pregnant Australian teenagers is higher than rates reported for the general community. However, there are limited data that address the impact of this abuse upon pregnancy outcome. We have examined the significant antenatal associations of domestic violence in young teenage pregnancy, and the ...
Donnelly J G - - 2001
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can be the result of coagulation pathway defects at the molecular level or damage to the vascular endothelium. Some of the acquired causes of DVT include malignancy, trauma, prolonged immobilization, and pregnancy (1). Thrombophilia can be owing in part to both acquired and inherited defects. The ...
Montgomery K S - - 2001
Adolescent pregnancy represents a significant portion of all pregnancies that occur in the United States. However, little is known about adolescents who plan to become pregnant. This phenomenologic investigation attempts to fill the gap in the current literature by addressing this question. Eight adolescent girls between the ages of 14 ...
Hellerstedt W L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The authors surveyed adolescent girls about their feelings regarding pregnancy. METHODS: A survey was administered to 117 13- to 18-year-olds who obtained pregnancy tests at nine clinics in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1998. The survey included four measures of pregnancy feelings. The authors used bivariate and multivariate ...
Smith M T - - 2001
From 626 ascendant genealogies, known as 'birth briefs', deposited by members of the Society of Genealogists in their London library, rates of consanguineous marriage and coefficients of mean inbreeding (a) of offspring were estimated for cohorts of marriages contracted in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The rate of ...
Rodríguez M A - - 2001
Pregnancy in adolescence constitutes a serious public health problem at these ages. It de-stabilizes family homeostasis; family and affective support received by the adolescent is recognized to be a factor of influence in the problem. The objective of the research presented is the empirical study in Cádiz, SW Spain, of ...
Letamo G - - 2001
Early childbearing can have deleterious effects on pregnancy outcome. This study in Botswana found that both birth injuries and congenital abnormalities were common among infants born to teenage mothers compared to infants of women aged 20-34 years. This statistically significant relationship disappeared, however, when controls were introduced. Based on the ...
Rigau-Pérez J G - - 2001
From 1995 to 1997 dengue was reported in Puerto Rico at an average annual rate of 1.75/1,000 population, compared to 6.73 in 1994, an epidemic year. Dengue virus serotypes 1 (DEN-1), -2, and -4 were isolated each year, with DEN-2 predominating in 1995 and 1996, and DEN-4 in 1997. From ...
Young T M - - 2001
The subjects for the present study were drawn from the female students who participated in the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) initial eighth-grade data collection. Adolescent females who later became pregnant were matched on race, birth month, and birth year with adolescent females who did not report a pregnancy. The ...
Vundule C C Department of Health and Welfare, Mmabatho, North - - 2001
Teenage pregnancy is an important health and social problem in South Africa. So far research on adolescent sexual activity has been almost exclusively descriptive; as a result there is considerable knowledge about practices of adolescents in general and outcomes of their pregnancies, but very limited understanding of factors that place ...
Drayton V L - - 2000
A random sample (n = 260) of primiparous Jamaican adolescent mothers (12-16 years old) who gave birth in 1994 in the parishes of Kingston and St Andrew, St Catherine and Manchester was selected from vital records and interviewed in 1998 for this historical cohort study. Among programme participants, the incidence ...
Adinkrah M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This essay contributes to the cross-cultural literature on childhood homicides by examining 16 infanticidal homicides that occurred in Fiji over an 11-year period. The results are compared with infanticide studies conducted in other societies. METHOD: Official police data recorded in a Homicide and Manslaughter register are analyzed. These are ...
Demir S C - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We documented adolescent pregnancies that were thought to be at high risk for increased obstetric complications. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: This study covered 442 pregnant women who were under 19 years of age and who delivered in Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January ...
Henshaw S K - - 2000
CONTEXT: State-level teenage pregnancy rates, birthrates and abortion rates are needed for state-specific programs and policies. Accurate and complete state-level data were last published in 1992. METHODS: Teenage abortion rates according to state of residence, race and ethnicity were calculated from the results of The Alan Guttmacher Institute's survey of ...
Goldani M Z - - 2000
This study focused on changes in demographic, social, and health-care patterns and pregnancy outcome related to maternal age from 1978-79 to 1994 in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil. Information on pregnancy outcome was obtained from two cohorts of singleton live births, 6,681 births in 1978/79 and 2,839 births in ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >