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Results 401 - 450 of 1481
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Stojanović Nemanja - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of vaginal administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus BMX 54 in preventing the occurrence of abnormal vaginal flora and the alteration of parameters relevant to the progression of pregnancy. METHODS: Sixty pregnant women were assigned randomly to the untreated arm of the study (n = 30) or ...
Richardson Lorraine - - 2012
The widespread use of artificial insemination (AI) in sheep is currently prevented due to the lack of a cost effective insemination technique utilising frozen-thawed semen. The objective of the present study was to determine if the deposition of frozen-thawed semen in the vaginal fornix would result in a pregnancy rate ...
Talaulikar V S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies in the results from studies of early events in human trophoblast invasion of decidua have been acknowledged and are attributed largely to deficiencies in the accuracy of sampling of the decidual tissue used in the research. We describe a novel technique of biopsy of decidua parietalis and basalis ...
Park Jennifer M - - 2012
Objective We sought to determine whether routine placement of a second stitch at the time of cervical cerclage improves its efficacy.Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who had cervical cerclage placement at a single institution. Operative reports, ultrasound images, and delivery records were reviewed. Pregnancy outcomes ...
Greco Elena - - 2012
Objective: It was the aim of this study to examine the potential value of cervical length at 11-13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous preterm delivery. Methods: This was a screening study for spontaneous preterm delivery in singleton pregnancies from cervical length measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 11-13 weeks' ...
Le Thang - - 2012
To describe the magnetic resonance imaging findings of cervical ectopic pregnancy in the second trimester. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of cervical ectopic pregnancy in the second trimester include intracervical location of the fetus, endometrial hyperplasia within an otherwise empty endometrial cavity, and irregular placentation in the cervix. Correct recognition of ...
Fuchs Florent - - 2012
Objective. To develop a simple score for assessing the risk of early preterm delivery before 32 weeks in women with singleton pregnancies receiving emergency cervical cerclage. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. French tertiary care center from 1994 to 2006. Population. A total of 134 pregnant women underwent emergency cervical cerclage procedure ...
Abo-Yaqoub Salwa - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of emergency cerclage in prolonging pregnancy and improving neonatal outcome in patient with cervical incompetence. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was done for patients who had an emergency cervical cerclage during the period from January 2000 to December 2010. Medical records were reviewed regarding ...
Robinson Alice J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A low-lying placenta detected at the mid-pregnancy ultrasound is commonly reported to warn against potential morbidity associated with placenta praevia. There is no information on what distance away from the internal cervical os is safe. AIMS: We examined whether a low-lying placenta not overlapping the cervical os in the ...
Tian Jishun - - 2012
AIM: To analyse the management strategies and delivery outcomes of women with cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the pregnancy outcomes of 17 women with cervical leiomyomas. The outcome measures assessed included the volume of blood loss at delivery, need for blood transfusion, intra- and post-operative complications and ...
Mahendroo Mala - - 2012
Proper cervical function is essential in order for a normal pregnancy and birth to occur. Understanding the mechanisms that take place in normal pregnancy will allow a better comprehension of the complications involved in premature cervical remodeling and lead to better methods of diagnostics and prevention for preterm birth. Unfortunately, ...
Watanabe Noriyoshi - - 2012
Complement component 9 (C9) deficiency is relatively common, especially in Japan. Here we present the case of a 27-year-old Japanese woman whose obstetric history involved three mid-trimester miscarriages (at 22 weeks', 18 weeks' and 21 weeks' gestation) and one early spontaneous miscarriage. Her fifth pregnancy was successfully managed by cervical cerclage at 13 weeks' ...
Abbott Danielle - - 2012
Cervical cerclage is commonly used in the management of women considered to be at high risk of second-trimester loss and spontaneous preterm birth. Insertion is dictated by factors such as multiple pregnancy, uterine anomalies, a history of cervical trauma through destructive procedures or forced dilatation, and cervical shortening seen on ...
Dadvand Payam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence has associated maternal exposure to air pollution with adverse effects on fetal growth; however, the existing literature is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the association between maternal exposure to particulate air pollution and term birth weight and low birth weight (LBW) across fourteen centers from ...
Jennings Sarah - - 2012
Following a textbook pregnancy and subsequent spontaneous labour at home, I arrived at hospital awaiting a review of my cervical progress; but this became the least of my thoughts as, following routine auscultation of the fetal heart, no sound was audible. The following article outlines my own personal experiences of ...
Lowe Adrian J - - 2012
A seasonal effect of month of birth and risk of allergic disease has been suggested by numerous studies. Few studies have directly measured pollen exposures at different points during pregnancy and in early life, and assessed their effects on risk of respiratory disease outcomes. Pollen exposure was calculated for ...
Messiah Sarah E - - 2012
Prenatal cocaine exposure has been linked to neurocognitive and developmental outcomes throughout childhood. The cardiovascular toxicity of cocaine is also markedly increased in pregnancy, but it is unknown whether this toxicity affects anthropometric growth and the development of cardiometabolic disease risk factors in the offspring across the lifespan. During the ...
Walfisch Asnat - - 2012
Exposure to various medications and medical conditions during pregnancy is often inevitable. Most of these exposures do not carry an elevated risk of congenital malformations. Nevertheless, misperceptions of the risks associated with different exposures in pregnancy are common and may potentially lead to wrong decisions. Unrealistically high maternal teratogenic risk ...
Morales-Roselló José - - 2012
A fetus with a very rare five-fold combination of uteroplacental anomalies, bicornuate uterus, short cervix with cervical incompetence, multilobed placenta succenturiata, accessory cotyledon within the cervical funneling, and umbilical cord insertion into the anomalous cervical cotyledon, presented an early and marked decrease at the vertebral and middle cerebral arteries Doppler ...
Hollingsworth Katharine - - 2012
Obesity in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of complications and adverse outcomes in mother and child. Childhood adverse experiences are known to have numerous negative physical and emotional sequelae. We aimed to examine if exposure to abuse and/or neglect in childhood increased the likelihood of pre-pregnancy obesity. Demographic and ...
Deva Maneesh - - 2012
The use of ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors is contraindicated throughout pregnancy due to potential adverse effects to the developing fetus (fetopathy). Despite this, women continue to receive ACE inhibitors both in New Zealand and overseas and large scale epidemiological studies have shown cases of associated harm to infants. We ...
Arisoy Resul - - 2012
Preterm delivery (PTD), defined as birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Evaluation of the cervical morphology and biometry with transvaginal ultrasonography at 16-24 weeks of gestation is a useful tool to predict the risk of preterm birth in low- and ...
Vall Oriol - - 2012
Increasing awareness of the potential chronic health effects of arsenic (As) at low exposure levels has motivated efforts to better understand impaired child development during pregnancy by biomarkers of exposure. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prenatal exposure to As by analysis of an alternative matrix (meconium), ...
Wang Pei-Xi - - 2012
Famine provides quasi-experimental conditions for testing the hypothesis of "programming" health effects by poor nutrition in early life. It remains uncertain whether early life exposure to famine increases the risk of hypertension in adulthood. There is a lack of data on the relative impact of exposure to famine during fetal ...
Yang Hui - - 2012
Nanoparticle exposure in pregnancy may result in placental damage and fetotoxicity; however, the factors that determine fetal nanoparticle exposure are unclear. Here we have assessed the effect of gestational age and nanoparticle composition on fetal accumulation of maternally-administered nanomaterials in mice. We determined the placental and fetal uptake of 13 ...
Grundt Jacob Holter - - 2012
High birth weight (BW) is a risk factor for later obesity. In Norway, mean BW and proportion of large newborns increased from 1989 to 2000 and subsequently decreased to the 1989 level by 2010. The purpose of the study was to explore causes of this temporary increase. From a regional ...
Torp-Pedersen A - - 2012
Families with children are frequently exposed to pinworm infection and treatment involves the whole family. Information on consequences of exposure during, pregnancy is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the exposure to pyrvinium and mebendazole before, during, and after pregnancy in a Danish nationwide cohort. From nationwide ...
Giannini Marta - - 2012
Only few studies have assessed safety of in utero exposure to glatiramer acetate (GA). Following a previous study assessing the safety of interferon beta (IFNB) pregnancy exposure in multiple sclerosis (MS), we aimed to assess pregnancy and fetal outcomes after in utero exposure to GA, using the same dataset, with ...
Khan Faisal Rauf FR Urology Registrar, Kettering General Hospital, Kettering, United - - 2012
We are presenting an interesting case of impacted stone and stent in a pregnant patient. We have proved safe use of ureteroscopy and laser in pregnancy with minimal x-ray exposure.
Ferreira Jeniffer Dantas JD Environment and Public Health Post-graduation Program, National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rio de Janeiro, - - 2012
Cigarette smoking has been associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but hypothesis on the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood leukemia remains unclear. To investigate the association between maternal exposure to tobacco smoking during pregnancy and early age (<2 year) leukemia (EAL). A hospital-based multicenter case-control study aiming to ...
Lato K - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare various gestational ages and thresholds for diagnosing bowel dilatation in fetuses with gastroschisis and to evaluate the prognostic value of bowel dilatation for predicting postnatal bowel atresia and neonatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted from March 1997 to September 2009 that ...
Cirillo P M PM 1Child Health and Development Studies, Public Health Institute, Berkeley, CA, - - 2011
Fetal exposure to caffeine is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Animal and human studies suggest that caffeine may have effects on the developing reproductive system. Here we report on mothers' smoking, coffee and alcohol use, recorded during pregnancy, and semen quality in sons in the age group of 38-47 years. ...
Jefferies Ann L - - 2011
Adequate treatment of depression during pregnancy is very important for maternal, fetal and neonatal health. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly used antidepressants. According to one American study, approximately 7% of pregnant women were prescribed an SSRI in 2004-2005. First trimester use of SSRIs, as a group, is unlikely ...
DaCosta V - - 2011
Cervical insufficiency/incompetence occurs in 0.5-1% of all pregnancies, often resulting in significant pregnancy lost. Three women with a history of second trimester miscarriages after failed transvaginal cervical cerclages were reviewed. A laparoscopic cervicoisthmic cerclage (LCC) was placed before pregnancy without any intra-operative or postoperative complications. Two patients have since delivered ...
Goetzinger Katherine R KR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA. - - 2011
To estimate if echogenic bowel diagnosed on second-trimester ultrasonography has an independent risk association with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and intrauterine fetal demise. This is a retrospective cohort study of all patients with singleton gestations who presented to our institution for second-trimester ultrasonography between 1990 and 2008. Study groups were ...
Ayres C C 1Núcleo de Estudos da Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente (NESCA), Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2011
Experimental animal studies have shown that nicotine exposure during gestation alters the expression of fetal hypothalamic neuropeptides involved in the control of appetite. We aimed to determine whether the exposure to maternal smoking during gestation in humans is associated with an altered feeding behavior of the adult offspring. A longitudinal ...
Yerdelen Deniz - - 2011
Different subtypes producing the clinical picture of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and overlapping forms of GBS subtypes have been described. GBS as a complication in pregnancy has been reported rarely. The present report describes the clinical, electrophysiological and prognostic features of a pregnant woman with overlapping forms of GBS subtypes, acute ...
Ives A - - 2011
Objective: To explore the psychosocial experiences of pregnancy in women diagnosed with breast cancer during or shortly after pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective qualitative design was employed. Fifteen women who had received a gestational breast cancer (GBC) diagnosis participated in semi- structured interviews. The interviews sought to identify the emotional and ...
Chan Judy Yuet Wa - - 2011
Melamine contamination in an infant formula manufactured by a firm in China was reported in September 2008. Maternal transfer of melamine during pregnancy and through breast-feeding are possible ways of introduction. This study aims to evaluate the maternal transfer of melamine into amniotic fluid and breast milk through oral intake ...
Lanowska Malgorzata - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: Cervical cancer in second trimester of pregnancy is an oncologic challenge. Cisplatin is recommended to prevent cancer progression. This is a series correlating in vivo cisplatin concentration in the fetomaternal compartment and in breast milk with child development. Methods: Eight consecutive patients with cervical cancer diagnosed during the ...
McNamara Jennifer M - - 2011
Sonography is a fundamental tool in the management of pregnancies affected by maternal diabetes. Purposeful use of ultrasound in each trimester provides an invaluable amount of information about the developing fetus including gestational age and growth patterns, anatomical structure and function, assessment of fetal well-being, and prediction of adverse outcome. ...
Rouzier R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the chemosensitivity of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) in the neoadjuvant setting by comparing the observed pathological complete response (pCR) rate with the rate predicted by a validated nomogram. METHODS: Data from 48 PABC patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) were collected. ...
Michalakis K - - 2011
Pregnancy and lactation represent stress states for maternal health and development. Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLaOs) are uncommon and rare conditions characterized by the occurrence of fragility fracture(s), most commonly vertebral, in late pregnancy or during the postpartum period. The etiology and pathogenesis of these conditions is not clear and ...
Pruthi Sandhya - - 2011
although blue dye is routinely used for lymphatic mapping, it is not used for lymphatic mapping in pregnancy-associated breast cancer, because of concern of fetal risk. to investigate the safety of blue dye for lymphatic mapping in pregnant women, the pharmacokinetics of methylene blue dye were examined in 10 nonpregnant ...
Morriss Alexandra Karin - - 2011
Following in vitro fertilisation treatment, a 40-year-old woman was expecting trichorionic, triamniotic triplets. Her cervix shortened from 34 mm at 16(+5) weeks to 16 mm at 20(+5) weeks, a risk reported with 100% delivery before 28 weeks gestation. She was admitted to hospital and at 24(+1) weeks was given corticosteroids. ...
DeRoo Lisa A - - 2011
To examine whether smoking during first pregnancy, a time of potential vulnerability to tobacco mutagens, is associated with breast cancer. We conducted a nested case-control study within a cohort of Washington State residents with first deliveries during 1984-1999, identified in birth and fetal death records. Linkage to population-based cancer registry ...
Chandiramani Manju - - 2011
Preterm birth remains a major challenge in modern obstetrics and is increasing, even among low-risk primiparous women. Very few interventions have made a positive impact on outcome although cervical cerclage appears to benefit some women. Transabdominal cervical cerclage can be highly successful and should be considered in women with previous ...
Warren Kenneth R - - 2011
The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol consumption have long been known; however, a formal description and clinical diagnosis of these effects was not introduced until 1973. Since then, the distinction of the wide range of effects that can be induced by prenatal alcohol exposure, and, consequently, the terminology to describe ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2011
In addition to fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with many other adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Research suggests that alcohol use during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and sudden infant death syndrome. This research has some inherent ...
Spence M - - 2010
Pre-pregnancy care optimizes pregnancy outcome in women with pre-gestational diabetes, yet most women enter pregnancy unprepared. We sought to determine knowledge and attitudes of women with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes of childbearing age towards pre-pregnancy care. Twenty-four women (18 with Type 1 diabetes and six with Type 2 ...
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