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Results 401 - 450 of 1500
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Gómez García María Teresa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of cervical or interstitial ectopic pregnancy managed conservatively with combined medical treatment (methotrexate and mifepristone) alone or in association with other minimally invasive strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We describe four cervical and two interstitial ectopic pregnancies at our hospital between 2006 and 2010. All received combined treatment ...
Sandman Curt A - - 2012
The developmental origins of disease or fetal programming model predict that early exposures to threat or adverse conditions have lifelong consequences that result in harmful outcomes for health. The maternal endocrine 'fight or flight' system is a source of programming information for the human fetus to detect threats and adjust ...
Karaoglu Abdulbaki - - 2012
Unfavorable effects of in-utero smoke exposure have been shown in several studies. In this experimental study, the authors aimed at showing detrimental effects of cigarette smoke on fetal tissues by assessing apoptosis that is detected by performing TUNEL staining. Designed groups were smoke exposed rats before and during pregnancy and ...
Mosaddegh Mohammad Hosein MH Department of Pharmacology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2012
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined as two or more consecutive pregnancy losses before twenty weeks of gestation. It is caused by a variety of genetics and non-genetics factors. Thyroid autoimmunity could associate with pregnancy loss. To investigate the effectiveness of Levothyroxine in treatment of RPL in women with high ...
Agarwal Kavita - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of self-administered treatment with isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) for cervical ripening in Indian women with postdated pregnancies. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted with 200 women with postdated pregnancies and unfavorable cervices who self-administered vaginally either 2 40-mg tablets of IMN or 2 ...
Tiras Bulent - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to provide information about the effects of air bubble localization after transfer on embryo transfer outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 7489 ultrasound-guided embryo transfers. Group 1 included 6631 embryo transfers in which no movement of the air bubbles was observed after transfer. Group 2 consisted ...
Laronda Monica M - - 2012
Exposure to exogenous hormones during development can result in permanent health problems. In utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) is probably the most well documented case in human history. DES, an orally active synthetic estrogen, was believed to prevent adverse pregnancy outcome and thus was routinely given to selected pregnant women ...
Schaefer Kristina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) procedures during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study included 27 patients who underwent LLETZ during pregnancy for suspected high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) where microinvasion could not be excluded. The study investigated intraoperative and ...
Fruscalzo A - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of cervical elastography as a new ultrasound tool for cervical stiffness assessment in pregnancy. Materials and Methods: Pilot prospective cohort study including 10 consecutive unselected pregnancies in the late first and second trimester. Ultrasound was performed by two blinded experienced operators using a 9-MHz vaginal ...
Nakamura Masamitsu - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of the present study was to investigate whether amount of hemorrhage during a vaginal delivery associates with the cervical length, length from the placental edge to the os and the sum of the two in cases with a low-lying placenta. Material and Methods:  A retrospective study was ...
Bamberg Christian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal characteristics and obstetric outcomes of spontaneously conceived (SC) and after-fertility treatment (FT) twins. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Single tertiary center (university hospital). PATIENT(S): All twin pregnancies (n = 1,239) delivered ≥24 weeks of gestation and classified by the mode of conception. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Moragianni Vasiliki A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of a cervical heterotopic pregnancy resulting from intrauterine insemination (IUI) that presented with first-trimester bleeding. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Large university-affiliated infertility practice. PATIENT(S): A 40-year-old gravida 2 para 1 Asian woman at 7-3/7 weeks gestational age following clomiphene citrate/IUI for ...
Petousis Stamatios - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study the effectiveness of emergency cervical cerclage in order to delay the delivery interval after miscarriage of the first fetus in dichorionic twin pregnancies. METHODS: Dichorionic twin pregnancies after miscarriage of the first fetus (<24 weeks) were exclusively included in the present analysis. Prolongation of delivery interval was managed ...
Fruscio Robert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of locally invasive cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy in women who desire to retain their pregnancy is a major challenge to physicians. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical hysterectomy has been reported to be an attractive option to delay delivery until fetal viability has been reached. METHODS: Between 1994 ...
Pitarello Patricia da Rocha Pennachiotti - - 2012
PURPOSE: To predict the success of labor induction by sonographic cervical measurements, maternal/obstetrical factors, and the Bishop's score. METHODS: Between February 2008 and February 2010, 190 consecutive pregnant women underwent clinical examination to assess the Bishop's score and transvaginal sonographic cervical measurements (cervical length, fetal head stage, and cervical dilatation) ...
Tews Gernot - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the use of blastocyst intrafallopian transfer is a feasible option in a case of repeated difficult ET. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Public hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty-year old nulliparous patient. INTERVENTION(S): Transfer of two vitrified/warmed blastocysts into the right tube by means of laparoscopy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Successful ...
Weibel Helene S - - 2012
Background: Cervical pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy. The treatment ranges from medical treatment with methotrexate to hysterectomy. Cases: We report two cases of cervical pregnancy with fetal cardiac activity that were successfully treated with multidose methotrexate. Conclusion: Due to the possible severe complications of cervical pregnancy and ...
Fleury A C - - 2012
Women diagnosed with abnormal Papanicolau smears or cervical abnormalities during pregnancy present a challenge to health care providers, as conventional management guidelines appropriate for the non-pregnant population may be contraindicated. The physiologic effects of pregnancy that may result in greater difficulty with the colposcopic examination include increased cervical mucus production ...
Mourali Mechaal M Service de Gynecologie Obstetrique, hopital Mahmoud El Matri, Ariana, - - 2012
Cervical incompetence, a major cause of late abortions and preterm delivery is a diagnosis increasingly easy to establish.Strapping is deemed effective to prevent recurrence of such accidents midwifery. To evaluate the relevance of the diagnosis of cervical incompetence, check the main indications of banding and study the outcome of rimmed ...
Stojanović Nemanja - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of vaginal administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus BMX 54 in preventing the occurrence of abnormal vaginal flora and the alteration of parameters relevant to the progression of pregnancy. METHODS: Sixty pregnant women were assigned randomly to the untreated arm of the study (n = 30) or ...
Richardson Lorraine - - 2012
The widespread use of artificial insemination (AI) in sheep is currently prevented due to the lack of a cost effective insemination technique utilising frozen-thawed semen. The objective of the present study was to determine if the deposition of frozen-thawed semen in the vaginal fornix would result in a pregnancy rate ...
Talaulikar V S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies in the results from studies of early events in human trophoblast invasion of decidua have been acknowledged and are attributed largely to deficiencies in the accuracy of sampling of the decidual tissue used in the research. We describe a novel technique of biopsy of decidua parietalis and basalis ...
Park Jennifer M - - 2012
Objective We sought to determine whether routine placement of a second stitch at the time of cervical cerclage improves its efficacy.Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who had cervical cerclage placement at a single institution. Operative reports, ultrasound images, and delivery records were reviewed. Pregnancy outcomes ...
Greco Elena - - 2012
Objective: It was the aim of this study to examine the potential value of cervical length at 11-13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous preterm delivery. Methods: This was a screening study for spontaneous preterm delivery in singleton pregnancies from cervical length measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 11-13 weeks' ...
Le Thang - - 2012
To describe the magnetic resonance imaging findings of cervical ectopic pregnancy in the second trimester. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of cervical ectopic pregnancy in the second trimester include intracervical location of the fetus, endometrial hyperplasia within an otherwise empty endometrial cavity, and irregular placentation in the cervix. Correct recognition of ...
Fuchs Florent - - 2012
Objective. To develop a simple score for assessing the risk of early preterm delivery before 32 weeks in women with singleton pregnancies receiving emergency cervical cerclage. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. French tertiary care center from 1994 to 2006. Population. A total of 134 pregnant women underwent emergency cervical cerclage procedure ...
Abo-Yaqoub Salwa - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of emergency cerclage in prolonging pregnancy and improving neonatal outcome in patient with cervical incompetence. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was done for patients who had an emergency cervical cerclage during the period from January 2000 to December 2010. Medical records were reviewed regarding ...
Robinson Alice J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A low-lying placenta detected at the mid-pregnancy ultrasound is commonly reported to warn against potential morbidity associated with placenta praevia. There is no information on what distance away from the internal cervical os is safe. AIMS: We examined whether a low-lying placenta not overlapping the cervical os in the ...
Tian Jishun - - 2012
AIM: To analyse the management strategies and delivery outcomes of women with cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the pregnancy outcomes of 17 women with cervical leiomyomas. The outcome measures assessed included the volume of blood loss at delivery, need for blood transfusion, intra- and post-operative complications and ...
Mahendroo Mala - - 2012
Proper cervical function is essential in order for a normal pregnancy and birth to occur. Understanding the mechanisms that take place in normal pregnancy will allow a better comprehension of the complications involved in premature cervical remodeling and lead to better methods of diagnostics and prevention for preterm birth. Unfortunately, ...
Watanabe Noriyoshi - - 2012
Complement component 9 (C9) deficiency is relatively common, especially in Japan. Here we present the case of a 27-year-old Japanese woman whose obstetric history involved three mid-trimester miscarriages (at 22 weeks', 18 weeks' and 21 weeks' gestation) and one early spontaneous miscarriage. Her fifth pregnancy was successfully managed by cervical cerclage at 13 weeks' ...
Abbott Danielle - - 2012
Cervical cerclage is commonly used in the management of women considered to be at high risk of second-trimester loss and spontaneous preterm birth. Insertion is dictated by factors such as multiple pregnancy, uterine anomalies, a history of cervical trauma through destructive procedures or forced dilatation, and cervical shortening seen on ...
Dadvand Payam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence has associated maternal exposure to air pollution with adverse effects on fetal growth; however, the existing literature is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the association between maternal exposure to particulate air pollution and term birth weight and low birth weight (LBW) across fourteen centers from ...
Jennings Sarah - - 2012
Following a textbook pregnancy and subsequent spontaneous labour at home, I arrived at hospital awaiting a review of my cervical progress; but this became the least of my thoughts as, following routine auscultation of the fetal heart, no sound was audible. The following article outlines my own personal experiences of ...
Lowe Adrian J - - 2012
A seasonal effect of month of birth and risk of allergic disease has been suggested by numerous studies. Few studies have directly measured pollen exposures at different points during pregnancy and in early life, and assessed their effects on risk of respiratory disease outcomes. Pollen exposure was calculated for ...
Messiah Sarah E - - 2012
Prenatal cocaine exposure has been linked to neurocognitive and developmental outcomes throughout childhood. The cardiovascular toxicity of cocaine is also markedly increased in pregnancy, but it is unknown whether this toxicity affects anthropometric growth and the development of cardiometabolic disease risk factors in the offspring across the lifespan. During the ...
Walfisch Asnat - - 2012
Exposure to various medications and medical conditions during pregnancy is often inevitable. Most of these exposures do not carry an elevated risk of congenital malformations. Nevertheless, misperceptions of the risks associated with different exposures in pregnancy are common and may potentially lead to wrong decisions. Unrealistically high maternal teratogenic risk ...
Morales-Roselló José - - 2012
A fetus with a very rare five-fold combination of uteroplacental anomalies, bicornuate uterus, short cervix with cervical incompetence, multilobed placenta succenturiata, accessory cotyledon within the cervical funneling, and umbilical cord insertion into the anomalous cervical cotyledon, presented an early and marked decrease at the vertebral and middle cerebral arteries Doppler ...
Hollingsworth Katharine - - 2012
Obesity in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of complications and adverse outcomes in mother and child. Childhood adverse experiences are known to have numerous negative physical and emotional sequelae. We aimed to examine if exposure to abuse and/or neglect in childhood increased the likelihood of pre-pregnancy obesity. Demographic and ...
Deva Maneesh - - 2012
The use of ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors is contraindicated throughout pregnancy due to potential adverse effects to the developing fetus (fetopathy). Despite this, women continue to receive ACE inhibitors both in New Zealand and overseas and large scale epidemiological studies have shown cases of associated harm to infants. We ...
Arisoy Resul - - 2012
Preterm delivery (PTD), defined as birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Evaluation of the cervical morphology and biometry with transvaginal ultrasonography at 16-24 weeks of gestation is a useful tool to predict the risk of preterm birth in low- and ...
Vall Oriol - - 2012
Increasing awareness of the potential chronic health effects of arsenic (As) at low exposure levels has motivated efforts to better understand impaired child development during pregnancy by biomarkers of exposure. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prenatal exposure to As by analysis of an alternative matrix (meconium), ...
Wang Pei-Xi - - 2012
Famine provides quasi-experimental conditions for testing the hypothesis of "programming" health effects by poor nutrition in early life. It remains uncertain whether early life exposure to famine increases the risk of hypertension in adulthood. There is a lack of data on the relative impact of exposure to famine during fetal ...
Yang Hui - - 2012
Nanoparticle exposure in pregnancy may result in placental damage and fetotoxicity; however, the factors that determine fetal nanoparticle exposure are unclear. Here we have assessed the effect of gestational age and nanoparticle composition on fetal accumulation of maternally-administered nanomaterials in mice. We determined the placental and fetal uptake of 13 ...
Grundt Jacob Holter - - 2012
High birth weight (BW) is a risk factor for later obesity. In Norway, mean BW and proportion of large newborns increased from 1989 to 2000 and subsequently decreased to the 1989 level by 2010. The purpose of the study was to explore causes of this temporary increase. From a regional ...
Torp-Pedersen A - - 2012
Families with children are frequently exposed to pinworm infection and treatment involves the whole family. Information on consequences of exposure during, pregnancy is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the exposure to pyrvinium and mebendazole before, during, and after pregnancy in a Danish nationwide cohort. From nationwide ...
Giannini Marta - - 2012
Only few studies have assessed safety of in utero exposure to glatiramer acetate (GA). Following a previous study assessing the safety of interferon beta (IFNB) pregnancy exposure in multiple sclerosis (MS), we aimed to assess pregnancy and fetal outcomes after in utero exposure to GA, using the same dataset, with ...
Khan Faisal Rauf FR Urology Registrar, Kettering General Hospital, Kettering, United - - 2012
We are presenting an interesting case of impacted stone and stent in a pregnant patient. We have proved safe use of ureteroscopy and laser in pregnancy with minimal x-ray exposure.
Ferreira Jeniffer Dantas JD Environment and Public Health Post-graduation Program, National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rio de Janeiro, - - 2012
Cigarette smoking has been associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but hypothesis on the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood leukemia remains unclear. To investigate the association between maternal exposure to tobacco smoking during pregnancy and early age (<2 year) leukemia (EAL). A hospital-based multicenter case-control study aiming to ...
Lato K - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare various gestational ages and thresholds for diagnosing bowel dilatation in fetuses with gastroschisis and to evaluate the prognostic value of bowel dilatation for predicting postnatal bowel atresia and neonatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted from March 1997 to September 2009 that ...
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