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Results 351 - 400 of 1499
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van Veenendaal Nicole R NR Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2013
Antithyroid medications are the preferred therapy for the treatment of Graves' disease during pregnancy. Propylthiouracil (PTU) is favored over methimazole (MMI) due to potential teratogenic concerns with MMI. This study was to determine the teratogenic potential of MMI and PTU using a validated Xenopus tropicalis embryo model. Embryos were exposed ...
Kezios Katrina L KL Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are persistent endocrine disruptors. OCPs cross the placenta; this prenatal exposure has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We investigated associations between prenatal exposure to OCPs and gestational age and birth weight in 600 infants born between 1960 and 1963. The primary OCP was 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p'-DDT), its ...
Dideriksen Dorthe - - 2012
Methylphenidate is a centrally acting sympathomimetic used for the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents and for narcolepsy in adults. Despite the growing use among adult women, no reliable data on the prevalence of use during pregnancy have been published, and safety during pregnancy has not ...
Langlois Peter H - - 2012
Objective :  To evaluate whether there is an association between maternal occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and oral clefts in offspring. This is the first human study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and clefts of which the authors are aware. Design :  Case-control study. Setting, Participants :  Data for 1997 ...
Fernandez Mariana F - - 2012
Because fetuses are considered significantly more sensitive to various environment toxicants, there is a need for continuous biomonitoring of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs (DL-PCBs) to assess their impact on this susceptible population. The aim of this study was to assess the concentration of PCDD/Fs ...
Yook Ji-Hyoung - - 2012
Objective. We aimed to study the pregnancy outcomes of women exposed to isotretinoin and to identify the factors influencing their decision to request an abortion. Methods. The study prospectively identified 79 women who had been treated for acne with isotretinoin during the periconceptional period, and who were followed up until ...
Protano C - - 2012
The effect of exposure to some air pollutants during pregnancy on embryonic and fetal development has been evaluated by several studies, but it has not been well defined. The main objective of this study was to use a systematic review to evaluate the relationship between air benzene exposure in pregnant ...
Sie S D - - 2012
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are increasingly used during pregnancy and lactation, with 1.8-2.8% exposed pregnancies. Given the risks of untreated maternal depression for both mother and child, adequate treatment is essential. If pharmacological treatment with SSRIs is indicated, the fetal and neonatal effects of SSRIs have to be considered, ...
Cordier Sylvaine - - 2012
Exposure to solvents during pregnancy has long been suspected of increasing the risk of congenital malformations, but the lack of prospective assessment of specific solvent exposures has prevented definitive conclusions. In a cohort of 3421 pregnant women in Brittany (2002-2006), occupational solvent exposure was assessed from self-report during pregnancy and ...
Knopik Valerie S - - 2012
The period of in utero development is one of the most critical windows during which adverse intrauterine conditions and exposures can influence the growth and development of the fetus as well as the child's future postnatal health and behavior. Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy remains a relatively common but nonetheless ...
Bobo William V - - 2012
Little is known about the extent of antiepileptic drug (AED) use in pregnancy, particularly for newer agents. Our objective was to assess whether AED use has increased among pregnant women in the US, 2001-2007.   We analysed data from the Medication Exposure in Pregnancy Risk Evaluation Program (MEPREP) database, 1 ...
Novakovic B - - 2012
As the primary interface between maternal and fetal circulations, the placenta is subject to a myriad of environmental exposures with the capacity to alter placental function and fetal development. Many of these effects are likely to be mediated by epigenetic ('above DNA') change, which is also in turn regulated by ...
Wu L - - 2012
Cocaine abuse in pregnant women is currently a significant public hygiene problem and is tightly associated with elevated risk for preterm delivery. Placental steroidogenesis especially progesterone production was essential for success and maintenance of pregnancy in humans and rodents. In the present study, we determined the impact of prenatal cocaine ...
Krstev Srmena - - 2012
In a nationwide study of Serbian births, in 2008, we estimated the influence of maternal prenatal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure on birth outcomes. Using stratified two-stage random cluster sampling, 2,721 women were interviewed in-person (response rates 98.1 %), and 2,613 singleton live births were included. Date of birth, ...
Ferreira Jeniffer Dantas - - 2013
An association between pesticide exposure and cancer has been suggested. Infant leukemia is a rare neoplasm and its association with maternal pesticide exposure has been poorly explored. We investigated the association between pesticide exposure during pregnancy and leukemia in children < 2 years of age. A hospital-based case-control study was ...
Hoekstra Pieter J - - 2012
Environmental exposures during the prenatal period, perinatal stages, and postnatal life may contribute to onset and course of Tourette syndrome (TS). Pregnancy-related noxious exposures may be more frequent in pregnancies of children who will develop TS, particularly maternal smoking and prenatal life stressors. Lower birth weight and use of forceps ...
Hogg K - - 2012
Drug, hormonal, and nutritional exposures in pregnancy can cause birth defects, or have more subtle influences that may affect adult health through epigenetic developmental programming. Characterizing these epigenetic changes may provide valuable insight into the mechanism by which our health is influenced by the environment and provide biomarkers of exposure; ...
Du Yong-Hong - - 2012
We explored the effectiveness, safety, and feasibility of focused ultrasound in terminating undesired pregnancy. A high-intensity focused ultrasound therapeutic unit was employed to terminate early pregnancies in rhesus macaques. B-mode ultrasound incorporated within the system was used to locate and study the gestational sacs of 6 rhesus macaques with gestation ...
Bellantuono Cesario - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Escitalopram (ESC) is considered one of the most effective selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for the treatment of major depression. However, little is known on its potential risk of inducing major malformations (MMs) and perinatal complications (PCs). Hence, aim of the present study is to provide a comprehensive review of ...
Bellantuono Cesario - - 2013
Benzodiazepines (BDZs) safety profiles in pregnancy suggest that the risk of major malformations (MMs) cannot be considered simply as a "class effect". The aim of this paper was to review and update the available literature on the risks of MMs in women exposed to BDZs in the first trimester of ...
Godfrey Laura M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the teratogenic potential of statins in women of childbearing age.DATA SOURCES:A PubMed search (1980-September 2012) was performed using the search terms statin and pregnancy, then repeated using statin and teratogenicity. Results were limited to articles published in English reporting on use of statins in humans.STUDY SELECTION AND DATA ...
Salama Ragaa H M RH Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, 71515 - - 2013
The effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) are less studied especially on neonates. This study evaluates the clinical and biochemical effects in neonates exposed to ETS during pregnancy. Two hundred pregnant women asked to complete the questioners about their ETS. Ninety from them were enrolled in biochemical assays as two ...
Buckoreelall Kajal - - 2012
Antiretroviral therapy suppresses replication of HIV allowing restoration and/or preservation of the immune system. Providing combination antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy can treat maternal HIV infection and/or reduce perinatal HIV transmission. However, providing treatment to pregnant women is challenging due to physiological changes that can alter antiretroviral pharmacokinetics. Suboptimal drug exposure ...
Galbally Megan - - 2012
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a rare but potentially life-threatening neonatal condition. Several authors have suggested that late pregnancy exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may increase the risk of PPHN. This association has been investigated in seven published studies that have shown mixed findings based ...
Andersen J T - - 2012
SUMMARY The antibiotic trimethoprim acts as a folate antagonist. Since trophoblasts are very sensitive to drugs that interfere with the folic acid cycle and thereby inhibit DNA synthesis, use of trimethoprim during the first trimester could be associated with miscarriage. A nationwide cohort study including all women in Denmark with ...
Chevrier Jonathan - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic bottles, food and beverage can linings, thermal receipts, and dental sealants. Animal and human studies suggest that BPA may disrupt thyroid function. Although thyroid hormones play a determinant role in human growth and brain development, no studies have ...
Du Yong - - 2012
Abstract Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with a variety of risks on fetal health, whereas breastfeeding may protect infants from infections in the early postpartum period. Little has been reported regarding their associations with children's general health later in childhood. Subjects and Methods: Parent-rated children's general health status ...
Arch Joanna J - - 2012
Anxiety disorders during pregnancy are highly prevalent and associated with serious and enduring consequences for both mother and child. Exposure-based cognitive behavioral (CBT) and behavioral therapies (BT) represent the most empirically supported psychosocial treatments for anxiety disorders in general adult samples. Pregnant women, however, generally have been excluded from this ...
Van Lieshout Ryan J - - 2012
Recent research suggests that fetal exposure to increased maternal body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy may be associated with psychopathology later in life. When this link first emerges, and if it is due to intrauterine exposures or confounding variables is not known. We therefore assessed associations between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI ...
Daniel Sharon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) are among the most common medicines used by pregnant women. Published data are controversial regarding fetal safety following intrauterine exposure to NSAID. We investigated exposure to NSAID in the first trimester in a large cohort of infants and fetuses. METHODS: A computerized database of medications ...
Singh Reetu R - - 2012
1. Glucocorticoids are necessary for fetal development but clinical and experimental studies suggest excess exposure may be detrimental to health in the short and in the longer term. 2. Exposure of the fetus to synthetic glucocorticoids can occur if the mother has a medical condition requiring glucocorticoid therapy (such as ...
Thorn Mitchell - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is concern about embryo-fetal exposure to antibody-based biopharmaceuticals based on the increase of such therapies being prescribed to women of childbearing potential. Therefore, there is a desire to better characterize embryo-fetal exposure of these molecules. The pregnant rat is a standard model for evaluating the potential consequences of ...
Bateman Brian T - - 2012
Hypertensive disorders occur in approximately 6% to 8% of all pregnancies and are a significant source of maternal and fetal morbidity. Little is known about the range of agents routinely used in practice. We used Medicaid claims from 2000 to 2007 to identify completed pregnancies. We included women who were ...
Neuman Åsa Å Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm, - - 2012
Although epidemiological studies suggest that exposure to maternal smoking during fetal and early life increases the risk of childhood wheezing and asthma, previous studies were not able to differentiate the effects of prenatal from postnatal exposure. To assess the effect of exposure to maternal smoking only during pregnancy on wheeze ...
Shea Alison K - - 2012
Prenatal serotonin reuptake inhibitor exposure is common and neonatal outcomes vary greatly, often leading to confusion about whether to use or even continue antenatal use of these antidepressants. Importantly, some but not all infants are affected, which raises questions about how maternal drug metabolism contributes to fetal drug exposure. To ...
Hellwig Kerstin - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate exposure to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) during pregnancy in 335 pregnancies of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and to further determine whether exclusive breastfeeding of MS mothers has any relevant influence on postpartum relapse rate. Only limited data are available on whether DMT exposure ...
Ayhan Ali - - 2012
To report a triplet pregnancy complicated by clear cell cervical carcinoma that was managed using neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by caesarean radical hysterectomy. A 26-year-old woman had a diagnosis of cervical clear cell carcinoma, which was International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB1, at 18 weeks of gestation during a ...
Jobe Alan H - - 2012
Very preterm infants are commonly exposed to a chronic, often asymptomatic, chorioamnionitis that is diagnosed by histologic evaluation of the placenta only after delivery. The reported effects of these exposures on fetal lungs are inconsistent because exposure to different organisms, durations of exposure, and fetal/maternal responses affect outcomes. In experimental ...
Lu Ellen - - 2012
To systematically review the literature regarding safety of disease-modifying drug (DMD) use during pregnancy on perinatal and developmental outcomes in offspring of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A PubMed and EMBASE search up to February 2012 was conducted with a manual search of references from relevant articles. Selected studies were ...
Kippler Maria - - 2012
Prenatal exposures to arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) have been associated with decreased size at birth. We here studied associations of prenatal As and Cd exposures with multiple fetal size parameters measured by ultrasound in gestational week (GW) 14 and 30 in a population-based mother-child cohort in rural Bangladesh. We ...
van den Hooven Edith H - - 2012
Air pollution exposure during pregnancy might affect placental growth and function, perhaps leading to pregnancy complications. We prospectively evaluated the associations of maternal air pollution exposure with markers of placental growth and function among 7,801 pregnant women in the Netherlands. We estimated levels of particulate matter ≤ 10 µm in ...
Lyus Richard - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cervical preparation has been shown to reduce complications with dilatation and evacuation (D&E), but the optimal regimen is unknown. While most published reports are from North America and describe overnight cervical preparation, recent research suggests the safety of same-day cervical preparation up to a gestational age of 18 weeks. ...
Coppolillo Enrique F - - 2012
Objectives. To study the prevalence of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2-3) during pregnancy and compare the rates of persistence, progression and regression of CIN 2-3 by colposcopically guided biopsy during pregnancy with respect to the postpartum period. Also to assess biopsy results during pregnancy and postpartum in relation to ...
Ribeiro Filipa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignancies in pregnancy and one percent of women diagnosed with cervical cancer are pregnant or postpartum at the time of the diagnosis. We discuss how pregnancy will affect the management of cancer, and cancer will affect the management of the pregnancy. ...
Ting Yuen Ha - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the use of Arabin cerclage pessary in the management of cervical insufficiency. Methods: The pregnancy outcome of 20 women carrying singleton pregnancy referred for suspected cervical insufficiency and chose Arabin cerclage pessary for treatment from 2009-2011 were reviewed. Pregnancy outcome were analyzed according to presence of ...
Oh Kyung Joon - - 2012
Aim: To determine whether or not the change in cervical length (CL) over time is valuable in predicting spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) in asymptomatic twin pregnancies with a normal mid-trimester CL (>25 mm). Methods: This was a prospective study including 190 consecutive asymptomatic twin gestations with a CL > 25 ...
Kenna K K 1 Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, - - 2012
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy remains common in many countries. Exposure to even low amounts of alcohol (i.e. ethanol) in pregnancy can lead to the heterogeneous fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), while heavy alcohol consumption can result in the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is characterized by cerebral dysfunction, growth restriction ...
Zhang Yuying - - 2012
We report the development of an all-fiber-optic scanning endomicroscope capable of high-resolution second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging of biological tissues and demonstrate its utility for monitoring the remodeling of cervical collagen during gestation in mice. The endomicroscope has an overall 2.0 mm diameter and consists of a single customized double-clad ...
Maisonet Mildred M Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, - - 2012
Prenatal exposures to polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) may be associated with adverse changes in fetal and postnatal growth. We explored associations of prenatal serum concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) with fetal and postnatal growth in girls. We studied a sample of 447 singleton girls and ...
Gómez García María Teresa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of cervical or interstitial ectopic pregnancy managed conservatively with combined medical treatment (methotrexate and mifepristone) alone or in association with other minimally invasive strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We describe four cervical and two interstitial ectopic pregnancies at our hospital between 2006 and 2010. All received combined treatment ...
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