Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1461
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Shea Alison K - - 2012
Prenatal serotonin reuptake inhibitor exposure is common and neonatal outcomes vary greatly, often leading to confusion about whether to use or even continue antenatal use of these antidepressants. Importantly, some but not all infants are affected, which raises questions about how maternal drug metabolism contributes to fetal drug exposure. To ...
Hellwig Kerstin - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate exposure to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) during pregnancy in 335 pregnancies of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and to further determine whether exclusive breastfeeding of MS mothers has any relevant influence on postpartum relapse rate. Only limited data are available on whether DMT exposure ...
Ayhan Ali - - 2012
To report a triplet pregnancy complicated by clear cell cervical carcinoma that was managed using neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by caesarean radical hysterectomy. A 26-year-old woman had a diagnosis of cervical clear cell carcinoma, which was International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB1, at 18 weeks of gestation during a ...
Jobe Alan H - - 2012
Very preterm infants are commonly exposed to a chronic, often asymptomatic, chorioamnionitis that is diagnosed by histologic evaluation of the placenta only after delivery. The reported effects of these exposures on fetal lungs are inconsistent because exposure to different organisms, durations of exposure, and fetal/maternal responses affect outcomes. In experimental ...
Lu Ellen - - 2012
To systematically review the literature regarding safety of disease-modifying drug (DMD) use during pregnancy on perinatal and developmental outcomes in offspring of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A PubMed and EMBASE search up to February 2012 was conducted with a manual search of references from relevant articles. Selected studies were ...
Kippler Maria - - 2012
Prenatal exposures to arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) have been associated with decreased size at birth. We here studied associations of prenatal As and Cd exposures with multiple fetal size parameters measured by ultrasound in gestational week (GW) 14 and 30 in a population-based mother-child cohort in rural Bangladesh. We ...
van den Hooven Edith H - - 2012
Air pollution exposure during pregnancy might affect placental growth and function, perhaps leading to pregnancy complications. We prospectively evaluated the associations of maternal air pollution exposure with markers of placental growth and function among 7,801 pregnant women in the Netherlands. We estimated levels of particulate matter ≤ 10 µm in ...
Lyus Richard - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cervical preparation has been shown to reduce complications with dilatation and evacuation (D&E), but the optimal regimen is unknown. While most published reports are from North America and describe overnight cervical preparation, recent research suggests the safety of same-day cervical preparation up to a gestational age of 18 weeks. ...
Coppolillo Enrique F - - 2012
Objectives. To study the prevalence of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2-3) during pregnancy and compare the rates of persistence, progression and regression of CIN 2-3 by colposcopically guided biopsy during pregnancy with respect to the postpartum period. Also to assess biopsy results during pregnancy and postpartum in relation to ...
Ribeiro Filipa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignancies in pregnancy and one percent of women diagnosed with cervical cancer are pregnant or postpartum at the time of the diagnosis. We discuss how pregnancy will affect the management of cancer, and cancer will affect the management of the pregnancy. ...
Ting Yuen Ha - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the use of Arabin cerclage pessary in the management of cervical insufficiency. Methods: The pregnancy outcome of 20 women carrying singleton pregnancy referred for suspected cervical insufficiency and chose Arabin cerclage pessary for treatment from 2009-2011 were reviewed. Pregnancy outcome were analyzed according to presence of ...
Oh Kyung Joon - - 2012
Aim: To determine whether or not the change in cervical length (CL) over time is valuable in predicting spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) in asymptomatic twin pregnancies with a normal mid-trimester CL (>25 mm). Methods: This was a prospective study including 190 consecutive asymptomatic twin gestations with a CL > 25 ...
Zhang Yuying - - 2012
We report the development of an all-fiber-optic scanning endomicroscope capable of high-resolution second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging of biological tissues and demonstrate its utility for monitoring the remodeling of cervical collagen during gestation in mice. The endomicroscope has an overall 2.0 mm diameter and consists of a single customized double-clad ...
Maisonet Mildred M Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, - - 2012
Prenatal exposures to polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) may be associated with adverse changes in fetal and postnatal growth. We explored associations of prenatal serum concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) with fetal and postnatal growth in girls. We studied a sample of 447 singleton girls and ...
Gómez García María Teresa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of cervical or interstitial ectopic pregnancy managed conservatively with combined medical treatment (methotrexate and mifepristone) alone or in association with other minimally invasive strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We describe four cervical and two interstitial ectopic pregnancies at our hospital between 2006 and 2010. All received combined treatment ...
Sandman Curt A - - 2012
The developmental origins of disease or fetal programming model predict that early exposures to threat or adverse conditions have lifelong consequences that result in harmful outcomes for health. The maternal endocrine 'fight or flight' system is a source of programming information for the human fetus to detect threats and adjust ...
Karaoglu Abdulbaki - - 2012
Unfavorable effects of in-utero smoke exposure have been shown in several studies. In this experimental study, the authors aimed at showing detrimental effects of cigarette smoke on fetal tissues by assessing apoptosis that is detected by performing TUNEL staining. Designed groups were smoke exposed rats before and during pregnancy and ...
Agarwal Kavita - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of self-administered treatment with isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) for cervical ripening in Indian women with postdated pregnancies. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted with 200 women with postdated pregnancies and unfavorable cervices who self-administered vaginally either 2 40-mg tablets of IMN or 2 ...
Tiras Bulent - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to provide information about the effects of air bubble localization after transfer on embryo transfer outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 7489 ultrasound-guided embryo transfers. Group 1 included 6631 embryo transfers in which no movement of the air bubbles was observed after transfer. Group 2 consisted ...
Laronda Monica M - - 2012
Exposure to exogenous hormones during development can result in permanent health problems. In utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) is probably the most well documented case in human history. DES, an orally active synthetic estrogen, was believed to prevent adverse pregnancy outcome and thus was routinely given to selected pregnant women ...
Schaefer Kristina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) procedures during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study included 27 patients who underwent LLETZ during pregnancy for suspected high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) where microinvasion could not be excluded. The study investigated intraoperative and ...
Fruscalzo A - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of cervical elastography as a new ultrasound tool for cervical stiffness assessment in pregnancy. Materials and Methods: Pilot prospective cohort study including 10 consecutive unselected pregnancies in the late first and second trimester. Ultrasound was performed by two blinded experienced operators using a 9-MHz vaginal ...
Nakamura Masamitsu - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of the present study was to investigate whether amount of hemorrhage during a vaginal delivery associates with the cervical length, length from the placental edge to the os and the sum of the two in cases with a low-lying placenta. Material and Methods:  A retrospective study was ...
Bamberg Christian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal characteristics and obstetric outcomes of spontaneously conceived (SC) and after-fertility treatment (FT) twins. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Single tertiary center (university hospital). PATIENT(S): All twin pregnancies (n = 1,239) delivered ≥24 weeks of gestation and classified by the mode of conception. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Moragianni Vasiliki A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of a cervical heterotopic pregnancy resulting from intrauterine insemination (IUI) that presented with first-trimester bleeding. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Large university-affiliated infertility practice. PATIENT(S): A 40-year-old gravida 2 para 1 Asian woman at 7-3/7 weeks gestational age following clomiphene citrate/IUI for ...
Petousis Stamatios - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study the effectiveness of emergency cervical cerclage in order to delay the delivery interval after miscarriage of the first fetus in dichorionic twin pregnancies. METHODS: Dichorionic twin pregnancies after miscarriage of the first fetus (<24 weeks) were exclusively included in the present analysis. Prolongation of delivery interval was managed ...
Fruscio Robert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of locally invasive cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy in women who desire to retain their pregnancy is a major challenge to physicians. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical hysterectomy has been reported to be an attractive option to delay delivery until fetal viability has been reached. METHODS: Between 1994 ...
Pitarello Patricia da Rocha Pennachiotti - - 2012
PURPOSE: To predict the success of labor induction by sonographic cervical measurements, maternal/obstetrical factors, and the Bishop's score. METHODS: Between February 2008 and February 2010, 190 consecutive pregnant women underwent clinical examination to assess the Bishop's score and transvaginal sonographic cervical measurements (cervical length, fetal head stage, and cervical dilatation) ...
Tews Gernot - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the use of blastocyst intrafallopian transfer is a feasible option in a case of repeated difficult ET. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Public hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty-year old nulliparous patient. INTERVENTION(S): Transfer of two vitrified/warmed blastocysts into the right tube by means of laparoscopy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Successful ...
Weibel Helene S - - 2012
Background: Cervical pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy. The treatment ranges from medical treatment with methotrexate to hysterectomy. Cases: We report two cases of cervical pregnancy with fetal cardiac activity that were successfully treated with multidose methotrexate. Conclusion: Due to the possible severe complications of cervical pregnancy and ...
Fleury A C - - 2012
Women diagnosed with abnormal Papanicolau smears or cervical abnormalities during pregnancy present a challenge to health care providers, as conventional management guidelines appropriate for the non-pregnant population may be contraindicated. The physiologic effects of pregnancy that may result in greater difficulty with the colposcopic examination include increased cervical mucus production ...
Mourali Mechaal - - 2012
Background: Cervical incompetence, a major cause of late abortions and preterm delivery is a diagnosis increasingly easy to establish.Strapping is deemed effective to prevent recurrence of such accidents midwifery. Aim: To evaluate the relevance of the diagnosis of cervical incompetence, check the main indications of banding and study the outcome ...
Stojanović Nemanja - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of vaginal administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus BMX 54 in preventing the occurrence of abnormal vaginal flora and the alteration of parameters relevant to the progression of pregnancy. METHODS: Sixty pregnant women were assigned randomly to the untreated arm of the study (n = 30) or ...
Richardson Lorraine - - 2012
The widespread use of artificial insemination (AI) in sheep is currently prevented due to the lack of a cost effective insemination technique utilising frozen-thawed semen. The objective of the present study was to determine if the deposition of frozen-thawed semen in the vaginal fornix would result in a pregnancy rate ...
Talaulikar V S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies in the results from studies of early events in human trophoblast invasion of decidua have been acknowledged and are attributed largely to deficiencies in the accuracy of sampling of the decidual tissue used in the research. We describe a novel technique of biopsy of decidua parietalis and basalis ...
Park Jennifer M - - 2012
Objective We sought to determine whether routine placement of a second stitch at the time of cervical cerclage improves its efficacy.Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who had cervical cerclage placement at a single institution. Operative reports, ultrasound images, and delivery records were reviewed. Pregnancy outcomes ...
Greco Elena - - 2012
Objective: It was the aim of this study to examine the potential value of cervical length at 11-13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous preterm delivery. Methods: This was a screening study for spontaneous preterm delivery in singleton pregnancies from cervical length measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 11-13 weeks' ...
Le Thang - - 2012
To describe the magnetic resonance imaging findings of cervical ectopic pregnancy in the second trimester. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of cervical ectopic pregnancy in the second trimester include intracervical location of the fetus, endometrial hyperplasia within an otherwise empty endometrial cavity, and irregular placentation in the cervix. Correct recognition of ...
Fuchs Florent - - 2012
Objective. To develop a simple score for assessing the risk of early preterm delivery before 32 weeks in women with singleton pregnancies receiving emergency cervical cerclage. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. French tertiary care center from 1994 to 2006. Population. A total of 134 pregnant women underwent emergency cervical cerclage procedure ...
Abo-Yaqoub Salwa - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of emergency cerclage in prolonging pregnancy and improving neonatal outcome in patient with cervical incompetence. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was done for patients who had an emergency cervical cerclage during the period from January 2000 to December 2010. Medical records were reviewed regarding ...
Robinson Alice J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A low-lying placenta detected at the mid-pregnancy ultrasound is commonly reported to warn against potential morbidity associated with placenta praevia. There is no information on what distance away from the internal cervical os is safe. AIMS: We examined whether a low-lying placenta not overlapping the cervical os in the ...
Tian Jishun - - 2012
AIM: To analyse the management strategies and delivery outcomes of women with cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the pregnancy outcomes of 17 women with cervical leiomyomas. The outcome measures assessed included the volume of blood loss at delivery, need for blood transfusion, intra- and post-operative complications and ...
Mahendroo Mala - - 2012
Proper cervical function is essential in order for a normal pregnancy and birth to occur. Understanding the mechanisms that take place in normal pregnancy will allow a better comprehension of the complications involved in premature cervical remodeling and lead to better methods of diagnostics and prevention for preterm birth. Unfortunately, ...
Watanabe Noriyoshi - - 2012
Complement component 9 (C9) deficiency is relatively common, especially in Japan. Here we present the case of a 27-year-old Japanese woman whose obstetric history involved three mid-trimester miscarriages (at 22 weeks', 18 weeks' and 21 weeks' gestation) and one early spontaneous miscarriage. Her fifth pregnancy was successfully managed by cervical cerclage at 13 weeks' ...
Abbott Danielle - - 2012
Cervical cerclage is commonly used in the management of women considered to be at high risk of second-trimester loss and spontaneous preterm birth. Insertion is dictated by factors such as multiple pregnancy, uterine anomalies, a history of cervical trauma through destructive procedures or forced dilatation, and cervical shortening seen on ...
Dadvand Payam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence has associated maternal exposure to air pollution with adverse effects on fetal growth; however, the existing literature is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the association between maternal exposure to particulate air pollution and term birth weight and low birth weight (LBW) across fourteen centers from ...
Jennings Sarah - - 2012
Following a textbook pregnancy and subsequent spontaneous labour at home, I arrived at hospital awaiting a review of my cervical progress; but this became the least of my thoughts as, following routine auscultation of the fetal heart, no sound was audible. The following article outlines my own personal experiences of ...
Lowe Adrian J - - 2012
A seasonal effect of month of birth and risk of allergic disease has been suggested by numerous studies. Few studies have directly measured pollen exposures at different points during pregnancy and in early life, and assessed their effects on risk of respiratory disease outcomes. Pollen exposure was calculated for ...
Messiah Sarah E - - 2012
Prenatal cocaine exposure has been linked to neurocognitive and developmental outcomes throughout childhood. The cardiovascular toxicity of cocaine is also markedly increased in pregnancy, but it is unknown whether this toxicity affects anthropometric growth and the development of cardiometabolic disease risk factors in the offspring across the lifespan. During the ...
Walfisch Asnat - - 2012
Exposure to various medications and medical conditions during pregnancy is often inevitable. Most of these exposures do not carry an elevated risk of congenital malformations. Nevertheless, misperceptions of the risks associated with different exposures in pregnancy are common and may potentially lead to wrong decisions. Unrealistically high maternal teratogenic risk ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >