Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1499
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Couto Arnaldo C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between maternal exposure to hair dyes and hair straightening cosmetics (HDSC) during pregnancy and leukemia at an early age (< 2 yr., EAL). METHODS: A multicenter hospital-based case-control study was carried out in 13 states in Brazil between 1999 and 2007. Mothers of 176 ALL ...
Morini Luca - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The deleterious effects exerted by prenatal ethanol exposure include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities that are included in the term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The measurement of ethylglucuronide (EtG) in alternative biological matrices, including neonatal and maternal hair, neonatal meconium, and maternal nails, is receiving increasing interest for ...
Memo Luigi - - 2013
Ethanol consumption during pregnancy is a widespread problem which is increasing in the generation of young women. Gestational alcohol consumption causes fetal exposure to this teratogen and is associated with the onset of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) including fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FASD and FAS can lead to several ...
Panait Nicoleta - - 2013
Newborns prenatally exposed to methimazole (active metabolite of carbamizole) for maternal hyperthyroidism may present some disorders in common, but the phenotype is not well defined. Choanal atresia is the most frequent, and other anomalies such as esophageal atresia and aplasia cutis were described with this embryopathy. Additionally, patent omphalomesenteric duct ...
Intapad Suttira - - 2013
Pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and diabetes affect approximately 5 to 10 % of all pregnancies and compromise maternal and fetal health during gestation. Complications during pregnancy may also contribute to the development of hypertension and future cardiovascular risk in the mother. Moreover, fetal exposure to hypertension and diabetes during ...
Cooper Duncan L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Various human and animal studies suggest that peak alcohol exposure during a binge episode, rather than total alcohol exposure, may determine fetal development. Research about the impact of binge drinking on birth outcomes is sparse and inconclusive. Data from the Born in Bradford cohort study were used to explore ...
Hougaard Karin S - - 2013
[0] We studied the effects of preconceptional exposure to multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs): mature, female C57BL/6J mice were intratracheally instilled with 67μg NM-400 MWCNT, and the following day co-housed with mature males, in breeding pairs. Time to delivery of the first litter, litter parameters, maternal inflammation and histopathology of lung ...
Corbel Tanguy - - 2013
The widespread human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a xenoestrogen interfering with developmental processes, raises the question of the mechanisms determining fetal exposure to BPA. A physiological model was developed in ewes to determine whether the pregnancy-associated physiological changes and the metabolic specificities of the feto-placental unit can influence BPA ...
Huang Changxiao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cases of ectopic pregnancy (EP) following levonorgestrel (LNG) emergency contraception (EC) failure were reported, however, the effects of LNG on tubal microenvironment or chorionic villi in EP have not yet been documented. METHODS: Fifty-five women with tubal pregnancy were divided into two groups according to whether LNG-EC was administrated ...
Dickenson Carrie A - - 2013
Mercury exposure during pregnancy can have serious health effects for a developing fetus including impacting the child's neurological and cognitive development. Through biomonitoring in a low-income Latina population, we identified a patient with high levels of mercury and traced the source to face creams purchased in a pharmacy in Mexico.
Marchioni Renée M RM Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06032, - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors (anti-TNFs) are effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) recalcitrant to conventional medical therapy. As the peak incidence of IBD overlaps with the prime reproductive years, it is crucial to establish pharmacologic regimens for women of childbearing age that achieve effective disease control without ...
Bahat Dinur Anat A Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, - - 2013
Macrolide antibiotics are largely used in pregnancy for different bacterial infections. Their fetal safety has been studied by several groups, yielding opposing results. In particular, there have been studies claiming an association between macrolides and cardiovascular malformations. Exposure in early infancy has been associated with pyloric stenosis and intussusception. This ...
Waterman Emily H - - 2013
Fetal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth and developmental defects in the United States. Despite a growing body of knowledge about the spectrum of disorders resulting from fetal alcohol exposure, 1 in 9 pregnant women continues to drink alcohol during pregnancy, and a small percentage of pregnant ...
Kallen Amanda N - - 2013
This is an unusual case of embryonic exposure to clomiphene citrate (CC) in the setting of an undiagnosed early pregnancy with successful follicular response to CC and progression of pregnancy despite markedly attenuated serum progesterone and estradiol levels and a thin endometrium. A review of literature on the potential of ...
Liu Xiao-Li XL Department of Histology and Embryology, Anhui Medical University, Anhui, Hefei - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA), a xenoestrogen and endocrine-disrupting chemical, is a cause for concern due to its being a potential human carcinogen. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of continued maternal exposure to BPA on the testicular structures and expression of caspase-3 protein in male ICR offspring ...
- - 2013
The National Toxicology Program (NTP) Office of Health Assessment and Translation (OHAT) conducted an evaluation of the developmental effects and pregnancy outcomes associated with cancer chemotherapy use during pregnancy in humans. The final NTP monograph was completed in May 2013 (available at http:// ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/36495). The incidence of cancer during pregnancy ...
Marder Wendy W University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, - - 2013
Azathioprine (AZA) is recognized among immunosuppressive medications as relatively safe during pregnancy for women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) requiring aggressive treatment. This pilot study aimed to determine whether SLE therapy during pregnancy was associated with developmental delays in offspring. This cohort study included SLE patients with at least one ...
Stapleton Phoebe A PA Center for Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences and Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9105, - - 2013
The continued development and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) has given rise to concerns over the potential for human health effects. Although the understanding of cardiovascular ENM toxicity is improving, one of the most complex and acutely demanding "special" circulations is the enhanced maternal system to support fetal development. The ...
Chan-Hon-Tong Anne - - 2013
During pregnancy, the fetus is exposed to contaminants from its mother's diet. This work provides an assessment of the dietary exposure of pregnant women to inorganic contaminants (aluminum, mercury, lead, inorganic arsenic, cobalt), polychlorodibenzodioxins, polychlorodibenzofurans, dioxin-like and non-dioxin-like polychlorobiphenyls (DL-PCBs, NDL-PCBs), polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs), perfluoroalkyl acids, mycotoxins (zearalenone, patulin, trichothecenes), ...
Zhao Yaxian - - 2013
Data on early human fetal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) is limited. However, early pregnancy, in particular the first trimester, is critical for fetal development. We investigated exposure to PBDEs and placental transfer during early pregnancy by analyzing PBDEs in paired aborted fetuses (n=65), placentas (n=65), and maternal blood ...
Tsuji M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a class of biologically active, highly stable compounds. Exposure risks include consumption of fatty fish, meat, dairy products and human breast milk, as well as environmental and occupational settings. Numerous reports have described PCB-dependent adverse effects on human fetal growth, including increased risk for IUGR, ...
László Krisztina D - - 2013
The role of stress in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia has only been investigated in a few studies, and the findings are not conclusive. We analyzed whether maternal bereavement shortly before or during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia. We conducted a cohort study of singleton births in ...
Gemmill Alison A Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94704 , - - 2013
Methyl bromide, a fungicide often used in strawberry cultivation, is of concern for residents who live near agricultural applications because of its toxicity and potential for drift. Little is known about the effects of methyl bromide exposure during pregnancy. We investigated the relationship between residential proximity to methyl bromide use ...
Smith Ioana - - 2013
To estimate the fetal radiation exposure using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD's) in pregnant patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and assess its relevance. Data on thirty-five therapeutic ERCPs conducted in pregnant patients from 2001 to 2009 were retrieved from a prospective database. Techniques to minimize fluoroscopy time were implemented and the ...
Diav-Citrin Orna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) for rheumatologic diseases. DESIGN: Prospective comparative observational study done at the Israeli teratology information service between 1998 and 2006. RESULTS: 114 HCQ-exposed pregnancies (98.2% in the first trimester, T1) were followed-up and compared with 455 pregnancies of women counseled for non-teratogenic exposure. ...
Chandra Venita - - 2013
BACKGROUND: One unique concern of vascular surgeons and trainees is radiation exposure associated with increased endovascular practice. The safety of childbearing is a particular worry for current and future women in vascular surgery. Little is known regarding actual fetal radiation exposure. This multi-institutional study aimed to evaluate the radiation dosages ...
Greenop Kathryn R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Previous research has suggested positive associations between parental or childhood exposure to pesticides and risk of childhood brain tumors (CBT). This Australian case-control study of CBT investigated whether exposures to pesticides before pregnancy, during pregnancy and during childhood, were associated with an increased risk. METHODS: Cases were recruited from ...
Varner Michael - - 2013
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction characterized by painless fluctuating skeletal muscle weakness. Disease exacerbations are more likely to occur in the first trimester or puerperium. A number of medications commonly used in obstetric practice can exacerbate the disease. The effect of pregnancy on myasthenia varies ...
Batech Michael - - 2013
We examined the relation between maternal smoking and adverse infant outcomes [low birth weight (LBW), and preterm birth (PTB)] during 2007-2008 in San Bernardino County, California-the largest county in the contiguous United States which has one of the highest rates of infant mortality in California. Using birth certificate data, we ...
Bloor Melanie - - 2013
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin, which are available as "over-the counter" medications in most countries, are widely used by both pregnant and lactating women. They are popular non-opioid analgesics for the treatment of pain after vaginal and operative delivery. In addition, NSAIDs are used for tocolysis in premature labor, ...
Stuart Andrea - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fetal exposure to maternal diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with high birth weight, congenital heart malformations, childhood adiposity, DM, hypertension and dyslipidemia. The long term cardiovascular consequences of fetal exposure to maternal DM during pregnancy and high birth weight are not known. METHOD: All individuals born in Sweden 1973-1988 ...
Wang I J - - 2013
Background  Considering the early onset of atopic dermatitis (AD), which most often arises in the first year of life, risk factors occurring very early in life must be considered. Little is known about the effects of maternal occupational exposure on the development of atopic disorders in children. Objectives  The aim ...
Mahram Manoochehr - - 2013
Exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and its effects at different frequencies on living beings has been investigated for decades. However, there are fewer studies that have been conducted on humans, thus this study aims to determine the effect of extremely low frequency (ELF) -EMFs on pregnancy, fetal growth and development ...
Ross Lori E LE Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada. - - 2013
Untreated depression during pregnancy has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and child and, as such, optimal treatment strategies are required for this population. There are conflicting data regarding potential risks of prenatal antidepressant treatment. To determine whether prenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with risk for ...
Casas Maribel - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure during early life may have endocrine-disrupting effects, but the dietary and sociodemographic predictors of BPA exposure during pregnancy and childhood remain unclear. Our aim was to evaluate the correlations between, and sociodemographic and dietary predictors of, serial urinary BPA concentrations measured during pregnancy and childhood in ...
Paziana Karolina - - 2013
Ciclosporin (cyclosporine) is an immunosuppressive drug first approved for use in organ transplantation to prevent rejection. Ciclosporin is also known to be used for the treatment of psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and inflammatory bowel disease, among other indications. While it is recommended that all medications that are not ...
Mobasher Zahra - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient air pollution is linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Previous reports examining the relationship between ambient air pollution and Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effects of ambient air pollution on the odds of Hypertensive Disorder of Pregnancy and whether these associations ...
Harrington Rebecca A - - 2013
Serotonin, a neurotransmitter found throughout the brain and body, has long been of interest in autism. Repeated findings of elevated platelet serotonin levels in approximately one third of children with autism has led some to believe that dysfunctional serotonin signaling may be a causal mechanism for the disorder. Because serotonin ...
van Ewijk Reyn J G - - 2013
A growing body of evidence suggests that maternal diet during pregnancy can lead to permanent alterations to the physiology of the fetus. It is unknown whether intermittent maternal fasting during Ramadan has long-term associations with the offspring's body composition. By using data from the third wave of the Indonesian Family ...
Charles James A - - 2013
Based on fair quality Level 3 evidence, Lu et al. note that glatiramer acetate (GA) exposure was not associated with lower mean birthweight, lower mean gestational age, preterm birth (37 weeks), congenital anomaly, or spontaneous abortion. However, GA was given an indeterminate recommendation because further research is needed. The results ...
Vajda F J E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between patterns of fetal malformation and individual antiepileptic drugs taken during pregnancy. METHODS: Multiple variable logistic regression and other statistical analyses of data relating to 1733 fetuses from 1703 pregnancies (147 of which were not exposed to antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy). RESULTS: There were statistically significant ...
Ting Yuen Ha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The data in the literature suggests that Methimazole (MMI)/Carbimazole (CMZ) embryopathy is rare. This study examined the incidence of CMZ embryopathy in the Hong Kong Chinese population and the factors associated with its development. METHODS: Of the 145 pregnant women with hyperthyroidism managed from 2008 to 2010, 29 (20%) ...
Jimenez-Solem Espen - - 2013
The authors investigated whether in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) increases the risk of stillbirth or neonatal mortality. The authors conducted a population-based cohort study using the Danish Fertility Database to identify every birth in Denmark between 1995 and 2008. Time of exposure to SSRIs was calculated ...
Chang Howard H HH Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2013
The paper describes a Bayesian spatial discrete time survival model to estimate the effect of air pollution on the risk of preterm birth. The standard approach treats prematurity as a binary outcome and cannot effectively examine time varying exposures during pregnancy. Time varying exposures can arise either in short-term lagged ...
Day Nancy L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) affects central nervous system development, growth, and morphology at higher exposure levels. Little is known about the effects of PAE at lower exposure levels or in young adults. Research on children with higher levels of PAE has shown that PAE predicts behavior problems. The question ...
Long Nicole De - - 2013
Introduction: In all, 10% to 20% of all pregnant women smoke despite intentions to quit. Smoking cessation drugs such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and bupropion are recommended for pregnant women. Our observation that developmental exposure to nicotine adversely affects metabolic and reproductive outcomes in rats has raised concerns about ...
Florath I - - 2013
What is already known about this subject Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with offspring overweight, but it is still unclear whether this association is due to confounding by parental lifestyle habits or caused by direct effects of intrauterine tobacco smoke exposure. What this study adds Maternal smoking during pregnancy ...
Ogliari Karolyn Sassi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyze ovarian and uterine morphologic changes resulting from intrauterine and postnatal exposure to diesel exhaust. DESIGN: Crossover study. Experimental groups: intrauterine and postnatal clean air exposure; intrauterine exposure to diesel only; postnatal exposure to diesel only; and intrauterine and postnatal exposure to diesel. SETTING: Laboratory of Experimental Air ...
Grazuleviciene Regina - - 2013
Congenital anomalies have been inconsistently associated with maternal crude estimated exposure to drinking water trihalomethane (THM). We investigated the relationship between individual THM uptake during the first trimester of pregnancy and congenital anomalies. We estimated maternal THM uptake for 3074 live births using residential tap water concentrations, drinking water ingestion, ...
Currie Janet J Princeton University, USA. - - 2013
A growing literature suggests that stressful events in pregnancy can have negative effects on birth outcomes. Some of the estimates in this literature may be affected by small samples, omitted variables, endogenous mobility in response to disasters, and errors in the measurement of gestation, as well as by a mechanical ...
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