Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1400
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Olmos Pablo R - - 2009
After a 10-year program intending to improve glycemic control in diabetic pregnancies, we evaluated whether factors underlying macrosomia are similar for type-1 and -2 pregestational diabetic women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three pregnancies in type-1 diabetics (PDM1, age 28.3+/-1.1 years) and 51 pregnancies in type-2 diabetics (PDM2, age 32.8+/-0.6 years) were ...
Ananthakrishnan Sonia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the approach to a patient with diabetes insipidus during pregnancy. METHODS: This review examines the normal physiology of water homeostasis, the related changes that occur during pregnancy, and the pathophysiology of diabetes insipidus in pregnancy. Associated complications, evaluation, and management are discussed. RESULTS: Diabetes insipidus can complicate ...
Pertyńska Marczewska Magdalena - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous indications that either mannan-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency or its excessive activity are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. High MBL concentrations and corresponding MBL2 genotypes were shown to be associated with microvascular complications in type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate levels of ...
Radenković Miroslav - - 2009
The aim of this investigation was to evaluate serotonin (5-HT) action on isolated human umbilical arteries (HUA) from normal and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) pregnancies. 5-HT caused HUA contraction in a concentration-dependent manner in both investigated groups but with lower efficacy in GDM. After endothelial denudation or in the presence ...
Evers Inge M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sex-related differences in maternal, perinatal, and neonatal outcome in type 1 diabetic pregnancies in the Netherlands. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a nationwide prospective cohort-based study. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify sex-specific risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome. RESULTS: A total of 323 type ...
Dunne Fidelma P - - 2009
Objective: Prospective evaluation of pregnancy outcomes in pre-gestational diabetes along the Atlantic seaboard 2006/2007. Research design and methods: The Atlantic Diabetes in Pregnancy group representing 5 antenatal centres in a wide geographical location was established in 2005. All women with diabetes for at > 6 months prior to the index ...
Heiskanen Nonna - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on hemodynamics and cardiovascular autonomic regulation at rest and their responses to head-up tilt (HUT). We prospectively studied 79 pregnant women (51 with GDM, 28 without GDM) during the third trimester of pregnancy and ...
Nielsen Lene Ringholm - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether pregnancy induces increased insulin production as a marker of improved beta-cell function in women with long-term type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 90 consecutive pregnant women with type 1 diabetes. At 8, 14, ...
Tham Elaine E British Columbia's Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6H - - 2009
Acylated (octanoylated) ghrelin stimulates food intake and growth hormone secretion and is deacylated into desacyl ghrelin by butyrylcholinesterase. Acylated and desacyl ghrelin both promote adipogenesis. Ghrelin concentrations decrease with hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinism. We hypothesized that 1) acylated ghrelin increases during pregnancy, contributing positively to energy balance, but is lower in ...
Hannan Margaret - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to explore mothers' perspectives about reproductive health (RH) discussions with their adolescent daughters with diabetes. This study of mothers used a sequential explanatory mixed-method design with 2 phases. Phase 2, the focus of this report, was a qualitative descriptive study using open-ended semistructured telephone ...
Van Kuijk J P - - 2009
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and coronary artery disease (CAD) have traditionally been regarded as two separate vessel disorders with a common background. Atherosclerosis has always been considered as the basic pathophysiologic process. However, during the last decade, evidence has emerged with differences between AAA and CAD. Firstly, data regarding the ...
Chatterjee Justin S - - 2009
PURPOSE: The literature supports self-administered questionnaire assessment tools for the measurement of outcome after surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Traditional physical measures are less sensitive to clinical changes following carpal tunnel release (CTR) than fully validated designed outcome questionnaires. A number of validated outcome instruments have been compared ...
Kriebs Jan M - - 2009
Over the last 40 years, there have been significant increases in the rates of overweight and obesity in childbearing women. There has been a parallel increase in the rates of pregnancy complications including hypertension, diabetes, fetal macrosomia, and complications of delivery. Caregivers can focus on appropriate interventions during pregnancy and ...
Kaaja R - - 2009
Progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) occurs at least temporarily during pregnancy and postpartum. Nephropathy is associated with increased risk of preeclampsia, nephrotic syndrome, preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, and perinatal mortality. The degree of renal impairment and proteinuria in early pregnancy predict pregnancy complications in women with diabetic nephropathy. The ...
Negrato Carlos A - - 2009
In this study, we sought to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in a cohort of pregnant women with a wide range of glucose tolerance, prepregnancy risk factors for MS during pregnancy, and the effects of MS in the outcomes in the mother and in the newborn. One hundred ...
Pant D - - 2009
Anaphylactoid reaction to Syntocinon is rare, but has been described in the literature. The reactions described include patchy erythema, hypotension, bronchospasm and oxygen desaturation, but pulseless electrical activity following Syntocinon has not been reported. We present the case of a 34-year-old primigravida with essential hypertension, gestational diabetes and hypothyroidism with ...
Dheen S Thameem - - 2009
Maternal diabetes develops in 2-6% of total pregnancies, depending on geographical and ethnic background. About 10% of fetuses from diabetic pregnancy display congenital malformations in various organ systems including cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, genitourinary and neurological systems, among which the neural tube defects (NTDs) such as anencephaly, holoprosencephaly and syntelencephaly were more ...
Hadar Eran - - 2009
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a carbohydrate intolerance, with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The prevalence of GDM, and the occurrence of related complications, depends upon the definition of normal glucose values during gestation. The diagnostic criteria for GDM are controversial mainly because they lack correlation to ...
Khatun Nasima - - 2009
A descriptive type of cross sectional study was carried out from July 2003 to June 2004 in Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital. This study was designed to find out the risk factors for the development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). Forty cases of GDM (primigravida and multigravida) with single pregnancy, ...
Carrara Sabina - - 2009
To report a rare case of successful pregnancy and delivery of two pair of monozygotic twins (quadruplets). We reported a Case Report of a 32-year-old nulligravida, who had had a previous twin pregnancy and was herself a twin assisted hatching. Prophylactic cervical cerclage sec. McDonald in the 23st week of ...
Kolagasi Oykun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of exposure to gliclazide and ramipril during pregnancy in a patient with diabetes mellitus and hypertension. CASE SUMMARY: A 42-year-old female with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension who had been taking gliclazide 30 mg/day and ramipril 10 mg/day for 2 years was admitted in ...
Kos K - - 2008
AIMS: Maternal leptin affects placental growth hormone (GH), whereas ghrelin, a natural ligand of the growth-hormone-secretagogue receptor, modulates GH action. Both hormones may affect fetal growth, and dysregulation in diabetes may lead to fetal growth disturbances. The aim was to investigate changes in maternal ghrelin during pregnancy with diabetes and ...
Mathur Ruchi - - 2008
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a myriad of phenotypic and clinical features that may guide therapeutic options for metabolic protection and ovulation induction. The use of metformin may prove beneficial in a subset of the population of women with PCOS. Hyperinsulinemia, as demonstrated by elevated insulin levels on ...
Ahn Jihyun - - 2009
Nesidioblastosis is a rare cause of adult-onset hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. We describe a case of nesidioblastosis during pregnancy in a woman receiving medical nutrition therapy for suspected gestational diabetes. However, nesidioblastosis was undiscovered until the development of hypoglycaemia after delivery, being previously masked by pregnancy-related changes in insulin sensitivity.
Vitoratos Nikolaos - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate changes in serum adiponectin during pregnancy and postpartum and assess its relationship with insulin resistance as measured by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). METHODS: Twenty-two normal pregnant women were compared with 22 women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Serum adiponectin levels were measured at the time of ...
Nielsen Lene Ringholm - - 2009
To describe pregnancy outcome in type 1 diabetic women with normoalbuminuria, microalbuminuria, or diabetic nephropathy after implementation of an intensified antihypertensive therapeutic strategy. Prospective study of 117 pregnant women with type 1 diabetes. Antihypertensive therapy, mainly methyldopa, was given to obtain blood pressure <135/85 mmHg and urinary albumin excretion <300 ...
Fall T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are few reports on the clinical appearance, prognosis, and risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of GDM in dogs. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs with GDM. METHODS: Retrospective study. Medical records were reviewed and owners and referring veterinarians were contacted for ...
Guerini Henri - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic appearance of the first annular (A1) pulley-flexor tendon complex in patients with trigger fingers. METHODS: Thirty-three trigger fingers in 33 patients were examined with a 7- to 15-MHz probe. A control group consisted of 20 patients without trigger fingers. ...
Nawaz Fauzia Haq - - 2008
AIM: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age. It is associated with hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance which is further aggravated during pregnancy. This mechanism has a pivotal role in the development of various complications during pregnancy. In the past few years, ...
Snapp Carol A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a serious complication of pregnancy associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes for both mother and infant. This study assesses the association of maternal exercise during GDM pregnancy and selected maternal and infant adverse GDM-related outcomes. The analysis uses information derived from the 1988 ...
Silva N Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare cord blood leptin concentrations between normal pregnancy, pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic institutes and a tertiary care maternal hospital. METHOD: 48 newborns of normal pregnancies (N=18), pregnancy induced hypertension (N=16), and gestational diabetes mellitus (N=14) were studied. Cord ...
Satpathy Hemant K - - 2008
Obesity is a global health problem that is increasing in prevalence. The World Health Organization characterizes obesity as a pandemic issue, with a higher prevalence in females than males. Thus, many pregnant patients are seen with high body mass index (BMI). Obesity during pregnancy is considered a high-risk state because ...
Moore Lisa E - - 2008
It is an unfortunate fact that all pregnancies do not end with healthy babies and healthy mothers. Families who have experienced an adverse pregnancy outcome require accurate information about the risk of recurrence to plan future childbearing. This article examines the recurrence risk of four complications of pregnancy: gestational diabetes, ...
Liu Jihong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes affects approximately 7 percent of all pregnancies in the United States; its prevalence may have increased among all ethnic groups since the early 1990 s. Our study examined whether physical activity during pregnancy reduced the risk of gestational diabetes among women who were physically inactive before pregnancy. ...
Van Lieshout Ryan J - - 2008
To identify converging themes from the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia and the pathophysiology of diabetic pregnancy and to examine mechanisms by which diabetes mellitus in a pregnant mother may increase the risk of schizophrenia in offspring. We reviewed relevant publications on clinical, epidemiologic and animal studies of diabetic pregnancy and ...
Nakhai-Pour Hamid Reza HR Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada and Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2008
The use of aspirin and other NSAIDs during the first trimester of pregnancy is widespread, despite inconclusive evidence regarding the possible risks for the baby. We present an overview of the current evidence relating to the associations between aspirin or NSAID use during the first trimester of pregnancy and the ...
Wong Luchin F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the differences in perinatal outcomes between various Asian ethnic subgroups at a national level. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study of all non-Hispanic Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Asian Indian, Korean, Vietnamese, Samoan, Guamanian, and Hawaiian women whose deliveries were recorded ...
Vikatmaa P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the use of negative pressure wound treatment (NPWT) for problematic wounds. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to assess the effectiveness and safety of NPWT. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing NPWT were included. RESULTS: A total of 14 RCTs were included. Trials included patients with pressure ...
Sheth Bhavna P - - 2008
Pregnancy may be associated with several ocular changes, including the development of new ocular conditions or modifications of existing conditions. The most common ocular condition modified by pregnancy is diabetic retinopathy. Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of development and progression of diabetic retinopathy. The factors associated with its ...
Engel Patricia J - - 2008
AIM: To determine whether the risk of stillbirth is associated with male fetal sex, fetal growth and maternal factors in an Australian population. METHODS: A retrospective secondary data analysis of 16 445 singleton births was performed using a tertiary referral centre obstetric database (1995-1999). Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses ...
Di Cianni G - - 2008
Insulin glargine (IG), with its non-peaking action profile, might be useful in diabetic pregnancy. However, data on its safety are limited and its use during pregnancy is not recommended. This study focused on the effects of IG on perinatal outcome, particularly to estimate the rate of congenital anomalies and birthweight. ...
Christiansen Erik - - 2008
Insulinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors with an incidence of 4 per 1,000,000 person-years, being even rarer during pregnancy. During pregnancy most cases are recognized or become symptomatic during the first trimester. A 29-year-old woman, primigravida, was hospitalized in the 38th gestational week due to slurred speech, weakness and slow reaction ...
Baraban Elizabeth - - 2008
Gestational diabetes and pregnancy-related hypertension can lead to adverse health effects in mothers and infants. We assessed recent trends in the rates of these conditions in Los Angeles County, California. Hospital discharge data were used to identify all women aged 15-54 years who resided in the county, had a singleton ...
Arnold Marcel - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervicocephalic artery dissection (CAD) after childbirth is rare. The objective of this study was to determine differences between postpartum and nonpostpartum CAD. METHODS: We compared consecutive patients with postpartum CAD with a control group of women with nonpostpartum CAD. RESULTS: Of 245 patients with CAD, 102 women ...
Kwak Soo Heon - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of recurrent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to find risk factors that can predict the recurrence of GDM in Korean women with previous GDM. We evaluated women who had GDM in an index pregnancy (1993-2001) and a subsequent pregnancy by ...
Punthumapol Chanvitya - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cutoff value of the 50 grams glucose challenge test (GCT) for screening of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in each trimester in potential diabetic pregnancy and to determine the prevalence of GDM. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study (Diagnostic test). SETTING: Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taksin Hospital. ...
Phaloprakarn Chadakarn - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate if any single plasma glucose level from the four values of the normal 100-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in early pregnancy (< or =20 weeks of gestation) could predict gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed from a second OGTT in late pregnancy (28-32 weeks). METHODS: Glucose levels ...
Anderson N G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Assessing fetal liver size might be useful in monitoring the effectiveness of the treatment of diabetes in pregnancy. We aimed to assess the reproducibility of fetal liver-length measurement in pregnant women with diabetes. METHODS: From 3 April 2006 to 5 December 2006, we assessed intraobserver and interobserver variation of ...
Savona-Ventura Charles - - 2008
The significant threshold values for the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (oGTT) during pregnancy have yet to be conclusively determined. This study aimed to identify the risk significance of various set thresholds for the oGTT result. Women undergoing a 75-g oGTT during the third trimester of pregnancy were classified into ...
Higgins Mary F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether third trimester fetal anterior abdominal wall (AAW) thickness in diabetic pregnancy reflects glycaemic control and predicts macrosomia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in a tertiary level maternity unit. One hundred and twenty-five diabetic mothers (71 pre-gestational and 54 gestational diabetics ...
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