Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1499
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Jefferies Ann L - - 2011
Adequate treatment of depression during pregnancy is very important for maternal, fetal and neonatal health. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly used antidepressants. According to one American study, approximately 7% of pregnant women were prescribed an SSRI in 2004-2005. First trimester use of SSRIs, as a group, is unlikely ...
DaCosta V - - 2011
Cervical insufficiency/incompetence occurs in 0.5-1% of all pregnancies, often resulting in significant pregnancy lost. Three women with a history of second trimester miscarriages after failed transvaginal cervical cerclages were reviewed. A laparoscopic cervicoisthmic cerclage (LCC) was placed before pregnancy without any intra-operative or postoperative complications. Two patients have since delivered ...
Ayres C C 1Núcleo de Estudos da Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente (NESCA), Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2011
Experimental animal studies have shown that nicotine exposure during gestation alters the expression of fetal hypothalamic neuropeptides involved in the control of appetite. We aimed to determine whether the exposure to maternal smoking during gestation in humans is associated with an altered feeding behavior of the adult offspring. A longitudinal ...
Goetzinger Katherine R KR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA. - - 2011
To estimate if echogenic bowel diagnosed on second-trimester ultrasonography has an independent risk association with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and intrauterine fetal demise. This is a retrospective cohort study of all patients with singleton gestations who presented to our institution for second-trimester ultrasonography between 1990 and 2008. Study groups were ...
Yerdelen Deniz - - 2011
Different subtypes producing the clinical picture of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and overlapping forms of GBS subtypes have been described. GBS as a complication in pregnancy has been reported rarely. The present report describes the clinical, electrophysiological and prognostic features of a pregnant woman with overlapping forms of GBS subtypes, acute ...
Ives A - - 2011
Objective: To explore the psychosocial experiences of pregnancy in women diagnosed with breast cancer during or shortly after pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective qualitative design was employed. Fifteen women who had received a gestational breast cancer (GBC) diagnosis participated in semi- structured interviews. The interviews sought to identify the emotional and ...
Chan Judy Yuet Wa - - 2011
Melamine contamination in an infant formula manufactured by a firm in China was reported in September 2008. Maternal transfer of melamine during pregnancy and through breast-feeding are possible ways of introduction. This study aims to evaluate the maternal transfer of melamine into amniotic fluid and breast milk through oral intake ...
Lanowska Malgorzata - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: Cervical cancer in second trimester of pregnancy is an oncologic challenge. Cisplatin is recommended to prevent cancer progression. This is a series correlating in vivo cisplatin concentration in the fetomaternal compartment and in breast milk with child development. Methods: Eight consecutive patients with cervical cancer diagnosed during the ...
McNamara Jennifer M - - 2011
Sonography is a fundamental tool in the management of pregnancies affected by maternal diabetes. Purposeful use of ultrasound in each trimester provides an invaluable amount of information about the developing fetus including gestational age and growth patterns, anatomical structure and function, assessment of fetal well-being, and prediction of adverse outcome. ...
Rouzier R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the chemosensitivity of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) in the neoadjuvant setting by comparing the observed pathological complete response (pCR) rate with the rate predicted by a validated nomogram. METHODS: Data from 48 PABC patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) were collected. ...
Michalakis K - - 2011
Pregnancy and lactation represent stress states for maternal health and development. Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLaOs) are uncommon and rare conditions characterized by the occurrence of fragility fracture(s), most commonly vertebral, in late pregnancy or during the postpartum period. The etiology and pathogenesis of these conditions is not clear and ...
Pruthi Sandhya - - 2011
although blue dye is routinely used for lymphatic mapping, it is not used for lymphatic mapping in pregnancy-associated breast cancer, because of concern of fetal risk. to investigate the safety of blue dye for lymphatic mapping in pregnant women, the pharmacokinetics of methylene blue dye were examined in 10 nonpregnant ...
Morriss Alexandra Karin - - 2011
Following in vitro fertilisation treatment, a 40-year-old woman was expecting trichorionic, triamniotic triplets. Her cervix shortened from 34 mm at 16(+5) weeks to 16 mm at 20(+5) weeks, a risk reported with 100% delivery before 28 weeks gestation. She was admitted to hospital and at 24(+1) weeks was given corticosteroids. ...
Chandiramani Manju - - 2011
Preterm birth remains a major challenge in modern obstetrics and is increasing, even among low-risk primiparous women. Very few interventions have made a positive impact on outcome although cervical cerclage appears to benefit some women. Transabdominal cervical cerclage can be highly successful and should be considered in women with previous ...
Warren Kenneth R - - 2011
The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol consumption have long been known; however, a formal description and clinical diagnosis of these effects was not introduced until 1973. Since then, the distinction of the wide range of effects that can be induced by prenatal alcohol exposure, and, consequently, the terminology to describe ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2011
In addition to fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with many other adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Research suggests that alcohol use during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and sudden infant death syndrome. This research has some inherent ...
DeRoo Lisa A LA Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2011
To examine whether smoking during first pregnancy, a time of potential vulnerability to tobacco mutagens, is associated with breast cancer. We conducted a nested case-control study within a cohort of Washington State residents with first deliveries during 1984-1999, identified in birth and fetal death records. Linkage to population-based cancer registry ...
Karaçam Zekiye - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of unplanned pregnancy on neonatal health. This is a retrospective case-control study and included 314 babies selected with a non-probability method. Data were collected with a questionnaire of descriptive characteristics and neonatal health and Parent Infant Interaction Assessment Scale. A significantly ...
Spence M M Nursing and Midwifery Research Unit, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, - - 2010
Pre-pregnancy care optimizes pregnancy outcome in women with pre-gestational diabetes, yet most women enter pregnancy unprepared. We sought to determine knowledge and attitudes of women with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes of childbearing age towards pre-pregnancy care. Twenty-four women (18 with Type 1 diabetes and six with Type 2 ...
Azim H A HA - - 2010
Breast cancer is uncommonly diagnosed during pregnancy but when encountered, it poses several clinical conflicts. Managing patients with gestational breast cancer should not be associated with considerable risk of morbidity provided the choice of the right drug in the right time for the right patient. Due to its relative rarity, ...
Hammarberg K - - 2010
Aim:  The aims were to investigate the prevalence of breastfeeding after conception with assisted reproductive technology (ART) and identify risk factors for breastfeeding duration <6 weeks and cessation of breastfeeding before the baby is 8 months old. Methods:  A consecutive cohort of women who had conceived at one of two ART centres ...
Anderberg Eva - - 2010
to examine pregnancy outcomes in relation to different categories of glucose tolerance during pregnancy. prospective observational cohort study. patient recruitment and data collection were performed in four delivery departments in southern Sweden. women delivering during 2003-2005; 306 with gestational diabetes mellitus, 744 with gestational impaired glucose tolerance and 329 randomly ...
Kvehaugen Anne Stine - - 2010
Women with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM) or preeclampsia (PE) in pregnancy run an increased risk of future cardiovascular associated diseases. Offspring of such pregnancies may possibly also have an altered risk in health status. Descriptive studies of dietary intake and physical activity in mother and children several years ...
Tariq Yasser M - - 2010
To compare macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in children from diabetic compared with nondiabetic pregnancy. Cross-sectional study. As part of the Sydney Myopia Study, 2367 children from grade 7 (age range 11.1 to 14.4 years) completed detailed ocular examinations during 2004-2005. Examination included determination of best-corrected ...
Kučera T - - 2010
Placentas from pregnancies complicated by Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM 1) display altered vascular morphology and function. Here we studied the extent of pericyte coverage in microvessels of normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by DM 1. We used smooth muscle actin (SMA) as a marker for quantitation of pericyte coverage ...
Bibee Kristin P KP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2011
Glucose transport from the maternal to fetal side of the placenta is critical for fetal growth and development due to the absence of fetal gluconeogenesis. Human GLUT9, existing as 2 isoforms, is a novel member of the transporter family. This study investigated the localization and relative expression levels of these ...
Brisson Diane - - 2010
Abdominal visceral adiposity in early pregnancy has been associated with impaired glucose tolerance in later pregnancy. The "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype (i.e., abdominal obesity in combination with hyper-triglyceridemia) is a clinical marker of visceral obesity. Our study aimed to assess the association between the hyper-triglyceridemic-waist phenotype in early pregnancy and glucose ...
Wolak Talya T Hypertension unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er-Sheva, Israel. - - 2012
To examine the association between uric acid (UA) level during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia in the second half of pregnancy. The study population included registered births (n = 5507) between 2001 and 2007 in a tertiary medical center. ...
Karacay Ozlem - - 2010
To assess the plasma and serum maternal total antioxidant status, circulating levels of lipid peroxidation breakdown products (MDA), protein oxidation markers (AOPPs), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and lipid hydroperoxide (LHP) in preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients and compare them with noncomplicated normal pregnancies between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation. 27 ...
Hadar Eran - - 2010
The current diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus are controversial because they lack correlation to maternal and perinatal outcome. The results of the hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO) study demonstrate a linear association between increasing levels of fasting, 1- and 2-h plasma glucose post a 75 g oral glucose ...
Persson Margareta - - 2010
In most parts of the western world, screening routines for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are implemented, however, knowledge of the impact GDM has on the experience of pregnancy and life situation is sparse. The aim of this study was to describe pregnant women's experiences of acquiring and living with GDM ...
Stuart A - - 2010
Maternal diabetes during pregnancy is associated with congenital cardiac malformations and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Blood flow in the ductus venosus (DV) has been postulated to reflect cardiac function. The aim of our study was to investigate if diabetic pregnancies exhibit abnormal DV hemodynamics, hence indicating changes in fetal cardiac function. The ...
Idris N - - 2010
This study was carried out to evaluate the perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with pregestational diabetes mellitus complicated by polyhydramnios. This was a retrospective study of singleton pregnancies, with an antepartum diagnosis of polyhydramnios, seen at the maternal fetal medicine department of Mater Mothers' Hospital, a tertiary-level facility. All pregnancies in ...
Secher Anna L - - 2010
We describe the feasibility of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)-enabled insulin-pump therapy during pregnancy in a woman with type 1 diabetes, who was treated with CGM-enabled insulin-pump therapy in her third pregnancy. During her first pregnancy, the woman was treated with multiple daily injections and baseline HbA1c was 8.9%. Due to ...
Wong S F - - 2010
The purpose of this research was to assess the ability of ductus venosus (DV) Doppler velocimetry to predict adverse perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus. This was a prospective study conducted at a tertiary referral obstetric facility in Brisbane, Australia. The study group included women with pregestational ...
Flack Jeff R - - 2010
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is recognised as a significant problem in pregnancy. Changes to GDM diagnostic criteria have been proposed following analysis of data from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study. We sought to assess the impact on the workload for GDM management in Australia that would occur ...
Ray Joel G - - 2010
Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have higher rates of foetal macrosomia, shoulder dystocia and pregnancy-induced hypertension, and are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Herein, we introduce a new conceptual term, "gestational prediabetes", which requires the absence of diabetes before pregnancy, and the presence of blood glucose ...
Garcia-Flores Jose - - 2011
To make a global evaluation of the fetal myocardial changes in a well-controlled gestational diabetic population. Twenty-four pregnant well-controlled diabetic patients were selected. Sixteen normal pregnancies were randomly collected as a control group. Measurements of morphological and functional myocardial parameters were performed. Data from the left ventricular outflow tract and ...
Karcaaltincaba Deniz - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) in adolescent pregnancies, associated risk factors, and pregnancy complications. Retrospective study. Community-based teaching hospital. Results of 1653 pregnant women age ≤ 19 years in 2005-2007 were reviewed. All pregnant ...
Weinberg Lori E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Diabetes insipidus is rare in pregnancy. It is characterized by hypoosmolar polyuria and may be central, nephrogenic, or transient in etiology; the latter is presumably related to excess placental vasopresinase production. In theory, fetal effects of this endocrine condition may include hydramnios secondary to fetal polyuria. CASE: A pregnant ...
Herrera Emilio - - 2010
The most common neonatal complication of gestational diabetes (GDM) is macrosomia. During early pregnancy an accumulation of maternal fat depots occurs followed by increased adipose tissue lipolysis and subsequent hyperlipidaemia, which mainly corresponds to increased triglycerides (TG) in all circulating lipoproteins. In GDM women, the enhanced insulin resistance and decreased ...
Hone Jennifer - - 2010
The epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally are paralleling an increase in the number of women with T2DM becoming pregnant. Because T2DM is frequently undiagnosed before pregnancy, the risk of major malformations in the developing fetus is increased due to uncontrolled hyperglycemia. The lack of preconception ...
Dennedy Michael Conall - - 2010
Obesity has reached pandemic proportions and is of growing concern worldwide. Adverse health outcomes associated with a raised body mass index present the greatest challenge currently facing clinicians across all disciplines. Obesity is a chronic illness which is associated with metabolic disease, nutritional deficiency, musculoskeletal complications and cancer. These obesity-related ...
Teramo Kari A - - 2010
Perinatal mortality has not decreased over the last two decades in pregestational diabetic pregnancies. Stillbirth rate is 4-6 times and neonatal mortality 2-4 times higher in diabetic than in non-diabetic pregnancies despite modern electronic fetal surveillance methods. Majority of late stillbirths are "unexplained", many of which are presumably caused by ...
Sojo Lidia - - 2010
To study the predictors of abnormal fetal growth in diabetic pregnancy, analyzing the role of fetal sex. Observational retrospective study was carried out in a University hospital. We studied 2833 newborns of diabetic mothers who attended the Diabetes and Pregnancy Clinic and delivered in the center between 1/1/1982 and 31/12/2006 ...
Nielsen G L - - 2010
Maternal diabetes is a known risk factor for perinatal complications, but there are little data on consequences for long-term intellectual outcome in offspring. We assess cognitive performance in military conscripts according to maternal blood glucose levels during pregnancy. We identified a cohort of 60 Danish male offspring of insulin-treated diabetic ...
Dalfrà Maria Grazia - - 2011
Recent studies show adverse outcomes of pregnancy among immigrant women from countries with high diabetes rates. We compared maternal and fetal outcomes in immigrant and Italian women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) followed up at our center. Maternal characteristics considered were age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), HbA1c, frequency of ...
Mulla Wadia R - - 2010
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. It is defined as diabetes that is first recognized during pregnancy. The diagnosis of GDM is important because it impacts maternal health care during and after pregnancy. The American Diabetes Association, American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ...
Coustan Donald R - - 2010
The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study was performed in response to the need for internationally agreed upon diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes, based upon their predictive value for adverse pregnancy outcome. Increases in each of the 3 values on the 75-g, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test are associated ...
Petry Clive J CJ Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study of over 23000 diabetes-free pregnancies has shown that at a population level an unequivocal linear relationship exists between maternal glucose concentrations around the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy and the risk of their baby being born above the ninetieth centile ...
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