Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1489
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Michalakis K - - 2011
Pregnancy and lactation represent stress states for maternal health and development. Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLaOs) are uncommon and rare conditions characterized by the occurrence of fragility fracture(s), most commonly vertebral, in late pregnancy or during the postpartum period. The etiology and pathogenesis of these conditions is not clear and ...
Pruthi Sandhya - - 2011
although blue dye is routinely used for lymphatic mapping, it is not used for lymphatic mapping in pregnancy-associated breast cancer, because of concern of fetal risk. to investigate the safety of blue dye for lymphatic mapping in pregnant women, the pharmacokinetics of methylene blue dye were examined in 10 nonpregnant ...
Morriss Alexandra Karin - - 2011
Following in vitro fertilisation treatment, a 40-year-old woman was expecting trichorionic, triamniotic triplets. Her cervix shortened from 34 mm at 16(+5) weeks to 16 mm at 20(+5) weeks, a risk reported with 100% delivery before 28 weeks gestation. She was admitted to hospital and at 24(+1) weeks was given corticosteroids. ...
DeRoo Lisa A - - 2011
To examine whether smoking during first pregnancy, a time of potential vulnerability to tobacco mutagens, is associated with breast cancer. We conducted a nested case-control study within a cohort of Washington State residents with first deliveries during 1984-1999, identified in birth and fetal death records. Linkage to population-based cancer registry ...
Chandiramani Manju - - 2011
Preterm birth remains a major challenge in modern obstetrics and is increasing, even among low-risk primiparous women. Very few interventions have made a positive impact on outcome although cervical cerclage appears to benefit some women. Transabdominal cervical cerclage can be highly successful and should be considered in women with previous ...
Warren Kenneth R - - 2011
The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol consumption have long been known; however, a formal description and clinical diagnosis of these effects was not introduced until 1973. Since then, the distinction of the wide range of effects that can be induced by prenatal alcohol exposure, and, consequently, the terminology to describe ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2011
In addition to fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with many other adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Research suggests that alcohol use during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and sudden infant death syndrome. This research has some inherent ...
Spence M - - 2010
Pre-pregnancy care optimizes pregnancy outcome in women with pre-gestational diabetes, yet most women enter pregnancy unprepared. We sought to determine knowledge and attitudes of women with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes of childbearing age towards pre-pregnancy care. Twenty-four women (18 with Type 1 diabetes and six with Type 2 ...
Karaçam Zekiye - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of unplanned pregnancy on neonatal health. This is a retrospective case-control study and included 314 babies selected with a non-probability method. Data were collected with a questionnaire of descriptive characteristics and neonatal health and Parent Infant Interaction Assessment Scale. A significantly ...
Azim H A HA - - 2010
Breast cancer is uncommonly diagnosed during pregnancy but when encountered, it poses several clinical conflicts. Managing patients with gestational breast cancer should not be associated with considerable risk of morbidity provided the choice of the right drug in the right time for the right patient. Due to its relative rarity, ...
Hammarberg K - - 2010
Aim:  The aims were to investigate the prevalence of breastfeeding after conception with assisted reproductive technology (ART) and identify risk factors for breastfeeding duration <6 weeks and cessation of breastfeeding before the baby is 8 months old. Methods:  A consecutive cohort of women who had conceived at one of two ART centres ...
Anderberg Eva - - 2010
to examine pregnancy outcomes in relation to different categories of glucose tolerance during pregnancy. prospective observational cohort study. patient recruitment and data collection were performed in four delivery departments in southern Sweden. women delivering during 2003-2005; 306 with gestational diabetes mellitus, 744 with gestational impaired glucose tolerance and 329 randomly ...
Kvehaugen Anne Stine - - 2010
Women with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM) or preeclampsia (PE) in pregnancy run an increased risk of future cardiovascular associated diseases. Offspring of such pregnancies may possibly also have an altered risk in health status. Descriptive studies of dietary intake and physical activity in mother and children several years ...
Tariq Yasser M - - 2010
To compare macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in children from diabetic compared with nondiabetic pregnancy. Cross-sectional study. As part of the Sydney Myopia Study, 2367 children from grade 7 (age range 11.1 to 14.4 years) completed detailed ocular examinations during 2004-2005. Examination included determination of best-corrected ...
Kučera T - - 2010
Placentas from pregnancies complicated by Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM 1) display altered vascular morphology and function. Here we studied the extent of pericyte coverage in microvessels of normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by DM 1. We used smooth muscle actin (SMA) as a marker for quantitation of pericyte coverage ...
Bibee Kristin P KP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2011
Glucose transport from the maternal to fetal side of the placenta is critical for fetal growth and development due to the absence of fetal gluconeogenesis. Human GLUT9, existing as 2 isoforms, is a novel member of the transporter family. This study investigated the localization and relative expression levels of these ...
Brisson Diane - - 2010
Abdominal visceral adiposity in early pregnancy has been associated with impaired glucose tolerance in later pregnancy. The "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype (i.e., abdominal obesity in combination with hyper-triglyceridemia) is a clinical marker of visceral obesity. Our study aimed to assess the association between the hyper-triglyceridemic-waist phenotype in early pregnancy and glucose ...
Wolak Talya T Hypertension unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er-Sheva, Israel. - - 2012
To examine the association between uric acid (UA) level during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia in the second half of pregnancy. The study population included registered births (n = 5507) between 2001 and 2007 in a tertiary medical center. ...
Karacay Ozlem - - 2010
To assess the plasma and serum maternal total antioxidant status, circulating levels of lipid peroxidation breakdown products (MDA), protein oxidation markers (AOPPs), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and lipid hydroperoxide (LHP) in preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients and compare them with noncomplicated normal pregnancies between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation. 27 ...
Hadar Eran - - 2010
The current diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus are controversial because they lack correlation to maternal and perinatal outcome. The results of the hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO) study demonstrate a linear association between increasing levels of fasting, 1- and 2-h plasma glucose post a 75 g oral glucose ...
Persson Margareta - - 2010
In most parts of the western world, screening routines for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are implemented, however, knowledge of the impact GDM has on the experience of pregnancy and life situation is sparse. The aim of this study was to describe pregnant women's experiences of acquiring and living with GDM ...
Stuart A - - 2010
Maternal diabetes during pregnancy is associated with congenital cardiac malformations and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Blood flow in the ductus venosus (DV) has been postulated to reflect cardiac function. The aim of our study was to investigate if diabetic pregnancies exhibit abnormal DV hemodynamics, hence indicating changes in fetal cardiac function. The ...
Idris N - - 2010
This study was carried out to evaluate the perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with pregestational diabetes mellitus complicated by polyhydramnios. This was a retrospective study of singleton pregnancies, with an antepartum diagnosis of polyhydramnios, seen at the maternal fetal medicine department of Mater Mothers' Hospital, a tertiary-level facility. All pregnancies in ...
Secher Anna L - - 2010
We describe the feasibility of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)-enabled insulin-pump therapy during pregnancy in a woman with type 1 diabetes, who was treated with CGM-enabled insulin-pump therapy in her third pregnancy. During her first pregnancy, the woman was treated with multiple daily injections and baseline HbA1c was 8.9%. Due to ...
Wong S F - - 2010
The purpose of this research was to assess the ability of ductus venosus (DV) Doppler velocimetry to predict adverse perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus. This was a prospective study conducted at a tertiary referral obstetric facility in Brisbane, Australia. The study group included women with pregestational ...
Flack Jeff R - - 2010
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is recognised as a significant problem in pregnancy. Changes to GDM diagnostic criteria have been proposed following analysis of data from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study. We sought to assess the impact on the workload for GDM management in Australia that would occur ...
Ray Joel G - - 2010
Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have higher rates of foetal macrosomia, shoulder dystocia and pregnancy-induced hypertension, and are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Herein, we introduce a new conceptual term, "gestational prediabetes", which requires the absence of diabetes before pregnancy, and the presence of blood glucose ...
Garcia-Flores Jose - - 2011
To make a global evaluation of the fetal myocardial changes in a well-controlled gestational diabetic population. Twenty-four pregnant well-controlled diabetic patients were selected. Sixteen normal pregnancies were randomly collected as a control group. Measurements of morphological and functional myocardial parameters were performed. Data from the left ventricular outflow tract and ...
Karcaaltincaba Deniz - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) in adolescent pregnancies, associated risk factors, and pregnancy complications. Retrospective study. Community-based teaching hospital. Results of 1653 pregnant women age ≤ 19 years in 2005-2007 were reviewed. All pregnant ...
Weinberg Lori E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Diabetes insipidus is rare in pregnancy. It is characterized by hypoosmolar polyuria and may be central, nephrogenic, or transient in etiology; the latter is presumably related to excess placental vasopresinase production. In theory, fetal effects of this endocrine condition may include hydramnios secondary to fetal polyuria. CASE: A pregnant ...
Herrera Emilio - - 2010
The most common neonatal complication of gestational diabetes (GDM) is macrosomia. During early pregnancy an accumulation of maternal fat depots occurs followed by increased adipose tissue lipolysis and subsequent hyperlipidaemia, which mainly corresponds to increased triglycerides (TG) in all circulating lipoproteins. In GDM women, the enhanced insulin resistance and decreased ...
Hone Jennifer - - 2010
The epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally are paralleling an increase in the number of women with T2DM becoming pregnant. Because T2DM is frequently undiagnosed before pregnancy, the risk of major malformations in the developing fetus is increased due to uncontrolled hyperglycemia. The lack of preconception ...
Dennedy Michael Conall - - 2010
Obesity has reached pandemic proportions and is of growing concern worldwide. Adverse health outcomes associated with a raised body mass index present the greatest challenge currently facing clinicians across all disciplines. Obesity is a chronic illness which is associated with metabolic disease, nutritional deficiency, musculoskeletal complications and cancer. These obesity-related ...
Teramo Kari A - - 2010
Perinatal mortality has not decreased over the last two decades in pregestational diabetic pregnancies. Stillbirth rate is 4-6 times and neonatal mortality 2-4 times higher in diabetic than in non-diabetic pregnancies despite modern electronic fetal surveillance methods. Majority of late stillbirths are "unexplained", many of which are presumably caused by ...
Sojo Lidia - - 2010
To study the predictors of abnormal fetal growth in diabetic pregnancy, analyzing the role of fetal sex. Observational retrospective study was carried out in a University hospital. We studied 2833 newborns of diabetic mothers who attended the Diabetes and Pregnancy Clinic and delivered in the center between 1/1/1982 and 31/12/2006 ...
Nielsen G L - - 2010
Maternal diabetes is a known risk factor for perinatal complications, but there are little data on consequences for long-term intellectual outcome in offspring. We assess cognitive performance in military conscripts according to maternal blood glucose levels during pregnancy. We identified a cohort of 60 Danish male offspring of insulin-treated diabetic ...
Dalfrà Maria Grazia - - 2011
Recent studies show adverse outcomes of pregnancy among immigrant women from countries with high diabetes rates. We compared maternal and fetal outcomes in immigrant and Italian women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) followed up at our center. Maternal characteristics considered were age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), HbA1c, frequency of ...
Mulla Wadia R - - 2010
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. It is defined as diabetes that is first recognized during pregnancy. The diagnosis of GDM is important because it impacts maternal health care during and after pregnancy. The American Diabetes Association, American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ...
Coustan Donald R - - 2010
The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study was performed in response to the need for internationally agreed upon diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes, based upon their predictive value for adverse pregnancy outcome. Increases in each of the 3 values on the 75-g, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test are associated ...
Petry Clive J CJ Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study of over 23000 diabetes-free pregnancies has shown that at a population level an unequivocal linear relationship exists between maternal glucose concentrations around the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy and the risk of their baby being born above the ninetieth centile ...
Sandvik Miriam K - - 2010
It is unknown whether adverse pregnancy-related outcomes in women with pregestational diabetes are associated with later development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or death. We linked data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway with data from the Norwegian Renal Registry and the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry. Data from ...
Klupa Tomasz - - 2010
Sulfonylureas (SUs) were proven to be more effective than insulin in most Kir6.2 permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) patients. We report SU use during pregnancy in PNDM. A woman with the R201H Kir6.2 mutation became pregnant at the age of 37. The patient had been on glipizide 30 mg for ...
Williams Anthony - - 2010
Pre-existing diabetes is one of the commonest medical conditions complicating pregnancy in the UK, and is associated with increased perinatal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes is increasing in the UK and worldwide, and management strategies to optimise health outcomes for ...
Chou Ching-Yu - - 2010
To evaluate the pregnancy outcome of pregnant women in whom the 100-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) met the criteria of Carpenter and Coustan (C&C) but not those of the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The medical records of 10,990 singleton pregnancies, delivered ...
Bueno Aline - - 2010
To evaluate the placental glycogen storage and fetal development in the pregnancy of neonatally streptozocin-induced diabetic rats and to establish relation with glycemia and insulin levels. At the birth day, 147 female rats were randomly distributed in two experimental groups: 1) Non-diabetic Group (Control, n=45) - received the vehicle; 2) ...
Gonz?lez-Romero Stella - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) may be an alternative to multiple daily injections (MDI) in pre-gestational diabetes during pregnancy. However, no clear improvement in obstetric and perinatal outcome has so far been established for CSII treatment. METHODS: In a case-control study, 35 pregnancies treated with CSII and 64 pregnancies ...
Pettitt David J - - 2010
Diabetes during pregnancy is a strong risk factor for obesity in the offspring, but the age at which this association becomes apparent is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of glycemia during pregnancy with anthropometry in offspring of nondiabetic pregnant women from the Belfast U.K. ...
Huidobro Andrea - - 2010
Pregnant women are normally screened for Gestational diabetes (GDM) at week 24 of pregnancy. However some women develop the disease later on their pregnancies. No study has analyzed women developing GDM later in pregnancy. To analyze data on a cohort study and compare women diagnosed with GDM in second and ...
Pollex Erika K - - 2010
The current trend towards an increase in the rate of Type 2 diabetes in women of childbearing age will inevitably result in an increasing number of women requiring hypoglycemic therapy throughout pregnancy. For patients with Type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes, oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) represent an attractive alternative to ...
Higgins Mary - - 2010
Diabetes mellitus complicates 1-2% of all pregnancies but is associated with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Gestational diabetes affects up to 4% of pregnancies and is associated with fetal macrosomia (large for dates). Fetal growth is a complex process influenced by determinants such as genetics, maternal factors, uterine environment and ...
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