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Results 651 - 692 of 692
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Serón-Ferré M - - 1978
This study was performed to assess the relative contributions of the fetal and definitive zones of the human fetal adrenal gland to "corticoid" (cortisol and perhaps other corticosteroids) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHAS) production, and the possible regulatory role of ACTH and the fetal pituitary in the secretion of of these ...
Harrison F A - - 1978
Secretion rates by the major sites of progesterone synthesis were measured during pregnancy in 3 ewes with single fetuses after autotransplantation of the left adrenal and the left ovary (containing the corpus luteum) to the neck. The total production of progesterone measured by tracer kinetics increased from 12.1 +/- 2.0 ...
Yoshida N - - 1978
Inhibitory effects of naturally occurring steroids on 21-hydroxylase activity were determined by measuring the initial conversion rate of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17alpha-hydroxy-4-pregnene-3, 20-dione) to 11-deoxycortisol (17alpha, 21-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3, 20-dione) in incubation experiments with the microsomal fraction (10,000--105,000 X g percipitate) of the human fetal adrenal gland. The apparent Michaelis constant (Km) for conversion ...
Hensleigh P A - - 1978
Fetal adrenal hypoplasia should be considered in pregnant patients with family histories of the condition and/or following observation of drastically reduced maternal estriol excretion. Antepartum diagnosis is important in the clinical management of these infants since deteriorating adrenal function frequently follows an asymptomatic period during the early neonatal life. Antepartum ...
Persaud T V - - 1978
The effects of prostaglandin F2alpha on pregnancy and embryonic development were investigated in pregnant rats. The animals were treated with the prostaglandin at a dose of 50 microgram s.c., on gestational days 9 to 11 or 12 to 15. Compared to the controls, only intrauterine growth was significantly altered. The ...
Guitelman A - - 1978
The aim of this trial was to study the prolactin-releasing capacity of the pituitary during pregnancy by means of an acute stimulation with sulpiride. Thirty women with normal pregnancies were included in the study (first trimester, nine women; second trimester, eleven women thir trimester, ten women). Each woman received an ...
Abel M H - - 1978
A detailed description is given of a method to section the pituitary stalk of the fetal lamb after 105 days gestational age. The approach to the stalk is made through a window in the frontal bone. In order to prevent regeneration of the hypothalamo-pituitary connections a silicone plate is introduced ...
Swanson J A - - 1978
The occurrence of spontaneous pregnancy in patients with amenorrhea-galactorrhea, hyperprolactinemia, and radiographic evidence of a pituitary tumor is unusual. We present here two patients who conceived spontaneously. One had an uneventful pregnancy. Following delivery, transsphenoidal pituitary surgery was performed, confirming the presence of a prolactin-producing adenoma. The second patient had ...
Serón-Ferré M - - 1978
It has been suggested that hCG is a trophic hormone for the fetal zone of the human fetal adrenal gland. To test this hypothesis, the isolated fetal zones of adrenals from eight fetuses (12-17-week gestation age) were superfused in the presence or absence of hCG. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHAS) was measured ...
Reschini E - - 1978
A 27-year-old women developed Cushing syndrome during pregnancy. The course of pregnancy was characterized by abnormally low urine and plasma estrogen levels despite the presence of a living fetus. The signs and symptoms of Cushing syndrome disappeared spontaneously within 2 months after delivery. Hormonal studies, however, suggested the presence of ...
Bergh T - - 1978
Seventeen term pregnancies occurred in 14 amenorrhoeic women with hyperprolactinaemia and radiological evidence of pituitary tumour. The abortion rate was high (32%). All but one of the term pregnancies occurred after ovulation-inducing treatment with human gonadotrophins and bromocriptine (four and 12 pregnancies respectively). Two of the 14 women had visual ...
Hensleigh P A - - 1978
Lacl of masculinization in female infants whose virilized mothers have h. luteinalis is in contrast to the common finding of fetal masculinization when maternal virilization occurs with luteoma of pregnancy. From the data at hand, this variation in fetal response cannot be explained by differences in the quantity of androgen ...
Yoshida N - - 1978
Eleven incubations of minced human fetal adrenal tissue from two fetuses at midtrimester of pregnancy terminated for socio-economic reasons, were performed for different periods of time with labelled pregnenolone, progesterone, 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and deoxycorticosterone (DOC). The order of magnitudes of enzyme activity when progesterone was used as a substrate and incubated ...
Blumsohn D - - 1978
The literature on Cushing's syndrome associated with pregnancy is reviewed, and a case of this rare association is reported. The patient had an adrenal adenoma. Investigations and interpretation of stimulation and suppression tests are discussed. Cortisol metabolism in normal pregnancy is referred to.
Leiba S - - 1978
A woman suffering from Cushing's disease from the age of 17 who had been treated consecutively with pituitary irradiation, bilateral partial adrenalectomy and o,p'-DDD (Mitotane, USP) presented the clinical picture of Nelson's syndrome (hypoadrenalism with secondary hypersecretion of ACTH and MSH) at the age of 32. Under substitution therapy with ...
Sugihara H - - 1977
The development and tissue differentiation of the adrenal cortex of rats were studied by giving experimental treatments to the fetus in vivo. A low-ACTH-condition was given to the fetus by administrating Dexamethasone through its mother, or directly into the subcutaneous tissue of the fetus, or by decapitation, brain aspiration or ...
Bryner J R - - 1977
A young, adult, white female with long-standing amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome and known pituitary enlargement since 1969 is presented. Further evaluation revealed PRL levels elevated in the microadenoma range and an empty sella. The presence of a pituitary adenoma, however, could not be confirmed by our studies. The question now arises--in a ...
Smotherman W P - - 1977
Ontogenetic changes in pup-elicited maternal corticosterone responsiveness were investigated. Patterns of maternal corticosterone change were found to depend on pup treatment: shocked pups elicited larger corticosterone elevations than pups that had been handled. In addition both the age of the stimulus pups and the state of lactation when the mother ...
Skowsky W R - - 1977
Immunoreactive arginine vasopressin (AVP) and arginine vasotocin (AVT) were quantitated in 15 of 17 human fetal pituitary glands early in gestation (11-19 weeks) and in 8 of 9 ovine fetal pituitary glands late in gestation (109-137 days). In 14 of 15 human fetal glands, AVT content exceeded that of AVP. ...
Brown C P - - 1977
Litters from donor mothers received differential treatments (handling or shocking) and were then placed in wire-mesh baskets affixed to the cage tops of test mothers. Pup-produced cues from donor litters elicited different patterns of maternal behavior from test mothers that interacted with their own litters. In addition to these differences ...
Leak D - - 1977
To reduce the high maternal and fetal mortality in pheochromocytoma of pregnancy, therapy is advocated with phenoxybenzamine and propranolol to obtain adequate alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor blockade. In early pregnancy control of symptoms may be difficult, but the patient may be carried to term with such medical therapy. Delivery should ...
Michaud N J - - 1977
Corticosterone in fetal mouse tissues after injection of mothers with 14C-corticosterone was determined by acetylation with 3H-acetic anhydride and cocrystallization to constant specific activity. The corticosterone content of whole fetal tissue varied between gestational days 13 and 17 from 641 to 300 ng/g. Specific activity of fetal hormone remained essentially ...
Lamberts S W - - 1977
A patient is described with a galactorrhea-amenorrhea syndrome and an enlargement of the sella turcica. Pregnancy occurred after induction of ovulation with bromocriptine (and 2.5 years after pituitary irradiation). Periodic assessment of the visual fields showed an increase in size of the blind spots after 10 weeks and a moderate ...
Kullander S - - 1977
The hyperthermic effect of purified lipopolysaccharides (Pyrexal, Wander) was tested and analyzed in pregnant rabbits. The fever produced premature deliveries - probably caused by oxytocin, released from the posterior pituitary - in 50% of 40 tested rabbits on the 31st day of gestation. Injections of Syntocinon had a roughly equally ...
Jewelewicz R - - 1977
Ovulation induced with human menopausal gonadotropin-human chorionic gonadotropin in a 27-year-old woman who had been amenorrheic for 7 years resulted in pregnancy. Although pretreatment neurologic evaluation was normal, significant loss of vision was found at 30 weeks' gestation, and a skull x-ray revealed enlargement and erosion of the sella turcica. ...
Satterfield R G - - 1976
Isolated deficiences of anterior pituitary hormones are rare. A patient is presented whose hypoglycemia during pregnancy resulted from ACTH deficiency. Glucocorticoid treatment enabled her to complete pregnancy successfully. In addition, she did not menstruate during an interval in which she did not receive glucocorticoid therapy. The dynamics of fetal and ...
Tuimala R - - 1976
The fetal pituitary-adrenal axis plays an important role in the role in the regulation of fetal development. In order to obtain information about fetal ACTH secretion at different gestational ages, a total of 109 amniotic fluid ACTH determinations was performed by radioimmunoassay. There was a significantly higher level of ACTH ...
Milković K - - 1976
The pituitary-adrenocortical system of rat fetuses was stimulated (larger adrenals at birth) by maternal adrenalectomy, or suppressed (smaller adrenals at birth) by implantation of an ACTH secreting pituitary tumor (MtTF4). Offspring were delivered by caesarean section and fostered to untreated females. Offspring of intact females delivered by caesarean section and ...
Kinnman J E - - 1976
The author has performed clinical and follow-up studies of 80 acromegalic patients treated by transanthro-sphenoidal removal of the pituitary adenoma. Heredity for acromegaly or gigantism was recorded in 3.8% of the patients and other hereditary factors in 13.8%. Head trauma, meningitis or encephalitis was recorded in the case histories in ...
Parvez H - - 1976
1 Phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT) activity in adrenal gland was lower than the control values at day 24 of rabbit pregnancy and fell throughout the gestational period. 2 Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity during pregnancy and parturition followed a similar pattern to PNMT. 3 Adrenaline content of the adrenal gland declined significantly during the ...
Isherwood D M - - 1976
[14C]Acetate was incorporated into dehydroepiandrosterone, pregnenolone and their sulphates and into cholesterol during incubations of adrenal tissue from three human foetuses of 10-18 weeks of gestation. No incorporation of [14C]acetate into cortisol or other 4-en-3-oxo steroids could be demonstrated. Porcine ACTH stimulated the incorporation of [14C]acetate into both dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate ...
Goldkrand J W - - 1976
Fetal adrenal function during pregnancy has a probable role in parturition. Ninety-five mothers and fetuses were evaluated to ascertain maternal or fetal plasma cortisol interrelationships under various clinical situations. When mode of delivery was evaluated, maternal cortisol levels showed no differences. However, the fetuses from vaginal delivery (mean, 43.7 mug/100 ...
Kauppila A - - 1976
In order to study the function of the pituitary-adrenal axis, serum ACTH and cortisol levels were estimated before and after insulin induced hypoglycaemia in nine women with hyperemesis gravidarum, seven women in normal early pregnancy and in eight non-pregnant controls. Before hypoglycaemia, the basal ACTH level in the hyperemesis group ...
Thorner M O - - 1975
Thirteen pregnancies occurred in 12 women who were treated with bromocriptine for infertility. Pretreatment prolactin levels were recorded in 11 patients and were normal in three. Five patients had suspected pituitary tumours, and they received irradiation to prevent swelling of the pituitary and the consequent visual field defects caused by ...
Child D F - - 1975
Nine pregnancies are described in patients with pituitary tumours. All patients had definite radiological evidence of a pituitary tumour and no evidence of acromegaly or Cushing's disease. In seven patients serum prolactin levels were estimated before pregnancy and found to be raised.Seven patients had been treated with pituitary implantation of ...
Dupouy J P - - 1975
Pituitary sections from 15 to 21 day-old rat foetuses have been studied with the immunofluorescence technique, using antibodies anti alpha-MSH, anti beta-MSH and anti beta (1-24) ACTH. The first ACTH cells appear on day 17 of pregnancy in the pars distalis of the hypophysis and only on day 18 in ...
Ainsworth L - - 1975
The biotransformation of pregnenolone-7alpha-3H and of progesterone-7alpha-3H by porcine fetal and maternal adrenal homogenates at 56 and 112 days of pregnancy and of dehydroepiandrosterone-7alpha-3H by fetal adrenal homogenates has been investigated in vitro. Both pregnenolone-7alpha-3H and progesterone-7alpha-3H were metabolized extensively by maternal adrenal preparations, the principal radioactive metabolites isolated being ...
Zuspan F P - - 1975
A pregnant patient in the midtrimester of pregnancy was begun on a methadone detoxification program. The fetal neurobiologic response was monitored by serial amniotic fluid amines (epinephrine and norepinephrine). The detoxification program showed a marked fetal response of the adrenal gland (E) and sympathetic nervous system (NE) that was blunted ...
Gemzell C - - 1975
Four infertile women with pituitary adenoma were treated with human pituitary gonadotropins (HPG) in order to enable them to become pregnant. During pregnancy they contracted headache, bitemporal visual field defects, or impaired visual acuity. One woman was operated upon in the second trimester; the other three, as the symptoms were ...
Lehmann W D - - 1975
Fetal adrenal glands were obtained from legal abortions in the 14--22 gestational weeks. The adrenal cortex was separated from the medulla using a micromanipulator. The cortex was homogenized in a glass-teflon homogenizer and the microsomal fraction was isolated by centrifugation. Tissue slices were also prepared by the method of Deutsch. ...
Jackson B T - - 1973
Even though certain aspects of the fetal pituitary-adrenal system have been extensively studied, much remains to be learned of its basic development and function. In the present work, the effect of maternal hypophysectomy upon quantitative pituitary-adrenal relations in mother and fetus was investigated in pregnant beagle dogs. At 57 days ...
Nimkarn Saroj - - 2007
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of inherited disorders caused by enzyme deficiencies in steroid biosynthesis, which disrupt the conversion of cholesterol to cortisol. The most common form of CAH is 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). In its severe form, 21-OHD causes prenatal virilization of external female genitalia. Through molecular genetic ...
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