Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 698
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Cheung C Y - - 1989
Biologically active peptides have been identified in the adrenal glands of several adult mammalian species. Some of these peptides appear to modulate the nicotine-induced catecholamine release from the adrenal medulla. The present study was carried out to investigate the presence and ontogeny of the peptides substance P, met-enkephalin and leu-enkephalin ...
Martin R W - - 1989
A woman with clinical and laboratory findings of Cushing's syndrome was managed during pregnancy without the use of surgery or drugs to lower her serum cortisol. A good maternal and infant outcome was achieved with conservative measures, and surgical removal of an adrenal adenoma was delayed until the postpartum period.
Coulter C L - - 1989
We have investigated the effect of fetal hypophysectomy on the localization of dopamine B-hydroxylase (DBH), phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) and enkephalin-containing peptides in the fetal sheep adrenal, using immunocytochemical techniques. Staining with anti-DBH was observed throughout the adrenal medulla in the intact (140-146 days of gestation) and hypophysectomized fetal sheep (147-164 ...
al-Suleiman S A - - 1989
Results in 136 hyperprolactinaemic women who presented with infertility, amenorrhoea, menstrual irregularities and/or galactorrhoea are reported. There was radiographic evidence of pituitary microadenoma in 21 (15.4%) patients and 5 (3.7%) had macroadenoma. Four patients were taking antidepressants, 2 antihypertensive drugs and 7 had taken oral contraceptives for a period of ...
Challis J R - - 1989
The progressive rise in the concentration of cortisol in the plasma of fetal sheep during late pregnancy arises from the sequential maturation of the fetal HPA axis. In addition, cortisol itself occupies a central role in accelerating this process through a series of feed-forward mechanisms. Before days 100-110 of pregnancy ...
Coulter C L - - 1989
We have investigated the effect of gestational age and fetal hypophysectomy on the growth and development of the adrenal gland of the fetal sheep. The area of the fetal sheep adrenal medulla increased significantly (P less than 0.05) from 3.21 +/- 0.42 mm2 at 90-107 days to 6.09 +/- 0.26 ...
Huhtaniemi I - - 1989
An interesting sex difference prevails in the early development of endocrine functions in the ovary and testis. The testis actively produces androgens already in utero whereas the physiologically important steroid hormone production of the ovary does not start until puberty. Likewise, the different components of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis seem to ...
Nowak M - - 1989
Proliferative activity of adrenocortical cells was determined in the course of hamster gestation. The highest adrenal gland weight was noted at day 5 of pregnancy, followed by a gradual decrease towards the end of gestation. As revealed by stereology, total number of adrenocortical cells increased notably at days 5 and ...
Schober M - - 1989
The ontogenesis of chromogranins A and B and catecholamines was investigated for rat adrenal medulla. The chromogranins, the major secretory peptides of chromaffin granules, were characterized by one- and two-dimensional immunoblotting. Chromogranin B appeared identical in fetal and postnatal adrenals. On the other hand a significant portion of chromogranin A ...
Jaya Y - - 1989
The localization of lipid globules was studied in the adrenal glands from 35 fetuses and 10 adult humans by histochemistry. The fetal adrenal showed the presence of numerous lipid globules in the zona glomerulosa, whereas in the adult the lipid globules were mainly found in the zona fasciculata. These lipid ...
Molitch M E - - 1989
Prolactinomas are the most common of the hormone-secreting pituitary tumors and must be distinguished from nonsecreting tumors causing hyperprolactinemia by hypothalamic or stalk dysfunction. For both micro- and macroadenomas, dopamine agonists appear to be the treatment of choice, transsphenoidal surgery being reserved for nonresponders. For women desiring pregnancy, dopamine agonists ...
Levidiotis M L - - 1989
We have studied the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary vascular connections in the fetal sheep using ink-filling techniques. The presence of ink-filled vessels in components of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis is interpreted as indicating patency of the system. Ink-filled vessels were identified in the median eminence, the pituitary stalk and the pituitary ...
Acuff M E - - 1989
In the opossum the fundic area of the gastric mucosa develops first, and oxyntic glands show early division into gastric pits and glandular components which then grow simultaneously. At 40 d postnatum the oxyntic glands are longer than the gastric pits but in the pyloric glands the pits still are ...
Young M C - - 1989
A comparative study of adrenal morphology between normal fetuses and those with anencephaly or congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) was performed in order to examine the hypothesis that fetal adrenal mass and structure are adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH)-dependent throughout gestation. Combined adrenal weight in 102 normal fetuses was used to establish a reference ...
Nowak M - - 1989
In the hamster, the weight of the adrenal glands increases during the course of gestation, with the highest value at day 5. In comparison to non-pregnant control animals, there were no changes in the volume of the zona glomerulosa (ZG) and zona fasciculata (ZF), while the volume of the zona ...
Catalani A - - 1989
The effects of the absence of maternal adrenals during pregnancy (P), during lactation (L), during pregnancy and lactation (PL) were studied on pain suppressed behavior (punished drinking test) of the adult offspring in comparison with controls (C). The female L offspring showed a lower responsiveness to the anxiogenic stimulus, as ...
Forest M G - - 1989
A multicentric study of prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) resulting from 21-hydroxylase deficiency in 43 pregnancies at risk for CAH is presented. The mothers were given dexamethasone per os, 0.5 mg either 12-hourly or 8-hourly. From the analysis of the results obtained in the present study and review ...
Kawai K - - 1988
Histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural characteristics of eosinophilic globules in pheochromocytoma of the adrenal medulla are described. The globules were observed in 7 (63.5%) out of 11 cases of pheochromocytoma of the adrenal medulla. These globules were eosinophilic, PAS-positive with and without diastase predigestion, phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin (PTAH) positive, and autofluorescent ...
Toffle R C - - 1988
Seven women with prolactin-secreting pituitary microadenomas and three with persistent hyperprolactinemia after surgical adenomectomies were evaluated with computed tomography to assess the effect of pregnancy on the volume of pituitary prolactinomas and hyperfunctioning pituitary tissue. In one patient a microadenoma enlarged to become a macroadenoma. Tumor enlargement occurred in the ...
Nicholson S F - - 1988
This article addresses the current indications for an obstetric ultrasound and describes the findings that it is reasonable to expect when reading an ultrasound report. The authors discuss several common obstetrical problems focussing the attention on the usefulness of the imaging information. Finally, they provide a glimpse into the future ...
McMillen I C - - 1988
In order to clarify the corticotrophic capacity of the fetal sheep anterior pituitary in late gestation, we have measured the relative levels of messenger RNA for the ACTH precursor molecule pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) in individual fetal sheep anterior pituitaries collected between 100 and 144 days of gestation. The mean relative POMC ...
Gonzalez J G - - 1988
PURPOSE: Autopsy studies have shown that pregnancy results in physiologic pituitary enlargement. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to corroborate those findings in vivo. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on gestational age, 32 normal primigravid patients were divided into three groups: Group I (n = 10), less than 12 gestational weeks; ...
Wilburn L A - - 1988
The catecholamine producing cells of the adrenal medulla of fetal as well as adult mammals contain enkephalins. We have quantified met-enkephalin and the catecholamines, norepinephrine and epinephrine, in human fetal adrenal glands during the late first trimester and throughout the second trimester of intrauterine life. Met-enkephalin (ME) was detectable in ...
Walker M L - - 1988
A short term incubation of baboon fetal adrenal cells obtained at midgestation and near term was used to determine whether a change in the regulation of androgen formation occurs with advancing gestation. Adrenal glands were removed from baboon (Papio anubis) fetuses on day 100 (mid; n = 7) or day ...
Bianchi M - - 1988
Normal or pregnant rats were treated orally for 21 days or throughout pregnancy with water or increasing doses of morphine and killed on days 7, 14, and 21 of pregnancy and 1 day post partum. At these time intervals, plasma, pituitary, and hypothalamic concentrations of beta-endorphin and methionine enkephalin were ...
Barasch E - - 1988
Pregnancy rarely occurs in women with Cushing's syndrome, and when it does, fetal mortality and morbidity are very high. We describe a 30-year-old woman who was found to have severe Cushing's syndrome in the 22nd week of her first pregnancy, after a year of unsuccessful attempts to conceive. The patient ...
Down N E - - 1988
The hybrids of carp (Cyprinus carpio) and goldfish (Carassius auratus) collected from the lower Great Lakes between 1978 and 1981 exhibited epizootics of gonadal neoplasm which were rare in the parental species. The pituitary glands of hybrids were, on average, 2.5 times larger than that of carp of similar body ...
Brieu V - - 1988
In the ovine fetus, plasma levels of corticosteroids are very low between 60 and 130 days of gestation, then increase dramatically before birth. ACTH appears to be an important regulating hormone for the fetal adrenal cortex, the sensitivity of which to this hormone increases during late gestation. However, the relationship ...
Hata K - - 1988
The size of the fetal adrenal gland was determined using ultrasonography in 346 fetuses with no complications at 28-40 weeks of gestation and in 12 fetuses of abnormal pregnancies (8 intrauterine growth retardations, 2 anencephalies, 1 intrauterine fetal death and 1 fetus of a mother who had been on steroids ...
Slípka J - - 1988
The structure of the palatine tonsils in an evolutionary line of mammals and its development in man was studied. The homologies between the thymus and tonsils were pointed out. Both primordia come from the same source and their epithelium reticulizes and can form concentric corpuscles. The tonsil develops from a ...
Cheung C Y - - 1988
The present study was designed to investigate the presence of VIP in fetal adrenals, to determine the changes in adrenal VIP content associated with maturation, and to explore the factors which regulate fetal adrenal VIP release. Adrenal glands from ovine fetuses at 70 to 140 days gestation were used. Adrenal ...
Marton I S - - 1988
The role of foetal adrenal DHAS in initiation of human parturition was studied by direct estimation of umbilical arterial blood samples and correlated with the oxytocin consumption during induced labour, Author found a closed relation between the above parameters and suggested that foetal adrenal activity might be involved in the ...
Lew G M - - 1987
Although systematic and detailed studies of pineal structure and function during pregnancy are rare, the available evidence indicates that morphological and biochemical changes do take place in this gland during this reproductive state. The majority of studies indicate increased activity in cytoplasmic organelles and enzymes of pinealocytes during gestation. Changes ...
Walker M L - - 1987
In the present study, baboon fetal adrenal cells were obtained at mid- and late gestation and incubated for various intervals to determine simultaneously the effects of length of incubation and stage of development on the pattern of adrenal steroidogenesis. Cells were treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from 0 to 48 ...
Takiuchi H - - 1987
A 36-year-old woman who had experienced two pregnancies consulted our hospital, because of scant menses and virilization. A 24-hour excretion of 17-ketosteroids and 17-hydroxy-corticosteroids demonstrated a decrease in 11-hydroxylase. A computed tomogram showed a huge inhomogenous tumefaction in the left adrenal. Left selective renal angiography revealed a large adrenal tumefaction. ...
Brochu M - - 1987
Plasma levels of androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol glucuronide (3 alpha-diol-G) and androsterone glucuronide (ADT-G) have been found to be effective markers of C-19 steroid metabolism in periphery in man. The present study has been performed in order to study in castrated patients the effect of antiandrogen administered alone or in ...
Strasser R P - - 1987
At a time of controversy about the appropriate use of obstetric ultrasound, this study explores the effect of availability on ultrasound use. Using a historical cohort design with chart review, pregnancy ultrasound rates were compared between two teaching family-medical centres, one with on-site ultrasound facilities and one without. Pregnant patients ...
Baron S A - - 1987
During pregnancy, rats and humans show an increase in pain threshold that is mediated by an endorphin system. In order to determine whether plasma beta-endorphin and/or other factors of pituitary origin are involved in pregnancy-induced analgesia in the rat, the effects of hypophysectomy (day 12 of pregnancy) or pharmacological suppression ...
Ikeda H - - 1987
We have encountered a case of a pituitary mass which emerged and enlarged during pregnancy in a 29-year-old woman. On CT scaning the mass disappeared over the course of four months postpartum and was followed by pituitary hypofunction. The hypofunction was restricted to ACTH, GH, and PRL. The visual field ...
Pittini L - - 1987
A patient with mild hyperprolactinemia and a CT-scanned 6 x 9 mm pituitary adenoma is described. Pregnancy occurred spontaneously. During pregnancy severe headache and rapidly increasing visual field defects due to suprasellar extension of the adenoma were observed. The patient was treated with bromocriptine in a dose of 5 mg ...
Gonzalez F A - - 1987
Circulating maternal prolactin (PRL) levels have been reported to be higher in term pregnancies yielding male infants. The mechanism for this gender difference is unknown, but we theorized that it was mediated through the fetal adrenal cortex. To test this theory we measured circulating PRL and estriol (E3) concentrations with ...
Hughes I A - - 1987
The concentration of 17-OH-progesterone was determined in second trimester amniotic fluid collected from 58 pregnancies at risk for fetal 21-hydroxylase deficiency. The prediction was incorrect in 1 male nonsalt-loser who had an increased plasma 17-OH-progesterone concentration at 3 months of age. All 11 infants predicted to be affected were salt-losers. ...
Nagashima K - - 1987
The levels of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the cord blood from 34 infants were determined by radioimmunoassay. All infants were born by vaginal delivery after an uneventful pregnancy. Levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and ACTH were high in the cord blood. CRF levels (mean +/- SD) were 100.5 +/- 31.7 ...
Hiraoka Y - - 1987
The anatomy of the prostate was studied in specimens from humans ranging from fetal age to 79 years. At all ages, the prostate can be divided into two zones, inner and outer. The distribution and relative size of the prostatic lobes is similar in the fetus and in the adult. ...
Sato K - - 1987
Evidence is presented that in adult human axillae there exists a third type of sweat gland tentatively designated as the apoeccrine sweat gland. This type of gland shows a segmental or diffuse apocrinelike dilatation of its secretory tubule but has a long and thin duct which does not open into ...
Samaan N A - - 1986
Prolactinoma was diagnosed in 190 women of the same age range, among whom 88 were treated with transsphenoidal microadenectomy and 102 with bromocriptine. The purpose of this study was to compare the two groups according to classification of the adenomas by size and invasiveness, pregnancy rates, prolactin levels after pregnancy, ...
Arduini D - - 1986
In order to verify whether fetal and maternal adrenal gland suppression induces effects on fetal behaviour, triamcinolone was administered to five healthy pregnant women at 35 weeks of gestation. Five patients of the same gestational age were used as control. Fetal heart rate (FHR) and fetal movements were recorded continuously ...
Lotgering F K - - 1986
A case is reported of a primigravid woman presenting in midgestation with severe hypertension caused by primary hyperaldosteronism. Symptomatic treatment with an aldosterone blocker, a peripheral vasodilator, and a combined alpha beta-blocker allowed pregnancy to continue to 36 weeks' gestation. Cesarean section for fetal distress resulted in delivery of a ...
Wilburn L A - - 1986
Adrenal medullary cells in adult primates contain catecholamines and several neuropeptides. Among these peptides are several products of the three opiate precursor proteins: proenkephalin, prodynorphin, and proopiomelanocortin. We used immunocytochemistry to study the ontogeny of leu-enkephalin and the catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes dopamine beta-hydroxylase and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase in adjacent sections of 14 ...
Belchetz P E - - 1986
Macroprolactinomas have a well-recognized potential for marked expansion during pregnancy. Measures advocated to minimize this risk include prior treatment with dopamine agonists, radiotherapy and pituitary surgery. We describe a patient who underwent transsphenoidal surgery with the removal of an histologically proven prolactin-secreting adenoma with the intention of rendering subsequent pregnancy ...
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