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Hernandez Teri L TL Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, 12801 E. 17th Avenue, MS8106, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2015
The definition of optimal glycemic control in pregnancies affected by diabetes remains enigmatic. Diabetes phenotypes are heterogeneous. Moreover, fetal macrosomia insidiously occurs even with excellent glycemic control. Current blood glucose (BG) targets (FBG ≤95, 1-h post-prandial <140, 2 h <120 mg/dL) have improved perinatal outcomes, but arguably they have not normalized. The ...
Holmlund Susanna S Department of Public Health, University of Turku , Turku , Finland - - 2014
Abstract The psychological effects of abortion have been much discussed lately, with recently published studies indicating that induced abortion (IA) may, contrary to the general consensus, be contributing to psychological symptoms post-abortion. Using a cohort of first-time mothers, we assessed the likelihood of them experiencing psychological ill-being at the midpoint ...
Keenan Kate K Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
To test the association between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation and perceived stress and cortisol response to a stressor during pregnancy in a sample of African American women living in low-income environments. Sixty-four African American women were enrolled at 16-21 weeks of gestation. Power calculations were computed using published standard deviations ...
Hodgetts Va V Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
To assess the effect of timing of folic acid (FA) supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of the neonate being small for gestational age (SGA). A population database study and a systematic review with meta-analysis including the results of this population study. A UK regional database was used for the ...
de Castro Filipa F Reproductive Health Division, Center for Population Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, - - 2014
This study examined the association between postnatal depressive symptoms and a set of demographic and psychosocial factors among 604 women attending a public hospital for postnatal care in Mexico City. Specific profiles of women that would indicate an increased probability for developing postnatal depression (PND) based on discrete combinations of ...
Mumm Hanne H Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
To investigate obstetric outcomes in Danish women with different phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and isolated hyperandrogenism (HA) and describe the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes in women with PCOS and HA compared to controls. Cohort study. Odense University Hospital, Denmark. Women with PCOS were identified prospectively since 1997. ...
Biederman Joseph J Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA - - 2014
This study examined whether exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy in children with and without ADHD is associated with smoking in offspring and whether this association is selective to ADHD children. Ninety-six exposed and 400 unexposed participants were derived from two longitudinal studies of boys and girls with and without ...
Ruckart Perri Zeitz - - 2014
Drinking water supplies at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune were contaminated with trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene (PCE), and benzene during 1968-1985. We conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate associations between residential prenatal exposure to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune during 1968-1985 and preterm birth, small for gestational age (SGA), term ...
Pollak Kathryn I KI Community and Family Medicine, Duke University - - 2014
Background: Although many Latinos in the US smoke, they receive assistance to quit less often than non-Latinos. To address this disparity, we recruited Latino couples into a randomized controlled trial and provided a smoking cessation program during a teachable moment, when men's partners were pregnant. Methods: We compared two interventions: ...
Yang Seungmi S Department of Pediatrics, Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
Maternal psychosocial distress is conceptualized as an important factor underlying the association between neighborhood deprivation and pregnancy outcomes. However, empirical studies to examine effects of neighborhood deprivation on psychosocial distress during pregnancy are scant. Based on a large multicenter cohort of pregnant women in Montreal, we examined (1) the extent ...
Miles Elizabeth A EA Human Development & Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United - - 2014
The early presentation of childhood allergies and the rise in their prevalence suggest that changes in early life exposures may increase the predisposition. Very early life exposures may act upon the developing foetal immune system and include infection, environmental tobacco smoke, other pollutants and nutrients provided via the mother. Three ...
Buck Louis Germaine M - - 2014
Concern has arisen about benzophenone (BP) ultraviolet (UV) radiation filters, given their use in sunscreen and personal-care products and their reported estrogenic and antiandrogenic activity. We recruited 501 couples who were discontinuing use of contraceptives in order to become pregnant for the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment (LIFE) ...
Dundar Ozgur O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haydarpasa Military Education and Research Hospital, GATA, Istanbul, - - 2014
The present study aims to evaluate how components of complete blood count are altered in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss. This was a retrospective evaluation of 60 women who had a history of recurrent pregnancy loss, 60 healthy women who had a first trimester pregnancy and 60 ...
Mozaffari S S Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Several studies have indicated the harmful effect of flare-up periods in pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on their newborns. Therefore, an effective and safe medical treatment during pregnancy is of great concern in IBD patients. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis on the outcomes ...
Hu Hui H Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP, including gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and eclampsia) have a substantial public health impact. Maternal exposure to high levels of air pollution may trigger HDP, but this association remains unclear. The objective of our report is to assess and quantify the association between maternal exposures to criteria ...
McDowell Simon S Queensland Fertility Group Research Foundation, 55 Little Edward St, Level 2 Boundary Court, Spring Hill, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, - - 2014
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) bring together gametes outside of the body to enhance the probability of fertilisation and pregnancy. Advanced sperm selection techniques are increasingly being employed in ART, most commonly in cycles utilising ICSI. Advanced sperm selection techniques ...
Demir Uygar Levent UL Department of Otolaryngology, University of Uludag, Bursa, - - 2014
Nasal congestion that is not present before pregnancy represents a distinct clinical entity called pregnancy rhinitis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics of nasal physiology over the course of pregnancy. The study was conducted with 85 pregnant women and 26 nonpregnant controls. We measured nasal ...
Israfil-Bayli Fidan - - 2014
Cervical incompetence is one of the causes of preterm birth and mid-trimester pregnancy loss. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure to treat cervical incompetence. Cervical cerclage reduces the incidence of preterm birth in women at risk of recurrent preterm birth, without a statistically significant reduction in perinatal mortality or neonatal ...
Tanvig Mette M Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, - - 2014
Context: Maternal obesity and gestational weight gain are linked to offspring adverse metabolic profile, and lifestyle intervention during pregnancy in obese women may have long-term positive effect on their children. Furthermore, although the association between birth weight and later metabolic outcomes is well established, little is known about the predictive ...
Lee V Cy VC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong - - 2014
OBJECTIVES. To compare the pregnancy outcome of the fluorescent in-situ hybridisation and array comparative genomic hybridisation in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of translocation carriers. DESIGN. Historical cohort. SETTING. A teaching hospital in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All preimplantation genetic diagnosis treatment cycles performed for translocation carriers from 2001 to 2013. RESULTS. Overall, ...
Morales Eva E Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), - - 2014
Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to air pollution on lung function at preschool age remain unexplored. We examined the association of exposure to air pollution during specific trimesters of pregnancy and postnatal life with lung function in preschoolers. Lung function was assessed with spirometry in preschoolers aged 4.5 years (n=620) ...
Parker Samantha E SE Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston University, Boston, - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is the most common complication of pregnancy. NVP has been associated with improved fetal outcomes, but its association with childhood neurodevelopmental outcomes has rarely been studied. Subjects were children aged 5-12 years (n = 560) who were controls in a previously conducted case-control study of prenatal ...
Jensen Et E National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
To evaluate whether hormonal contraceptives, used before or in early pregnancy, confer increased risk of preterm birth or reduced fetal growth. Population-based cohort study conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Mother and Child Cohort Study, 1998-2008) with linkage to the Norwegian Prescription Registry and to the Medical Birth ...
Paterno Mary T - - 2014
To develop and test a comprehensive tool for measuring women's attitudes toward the possibility of becoming pregnant. Cross-sectional mixed methods study. Two obstetric/gynecologic (OB/GYN) clinics and one family planning clinic in Baltimore, Maryland. One-hundred thirty (130) nonpregnant, primarily African American women (84%) age 18 to 29. Participants completed a computer-based ...
Bloom Michael S - - 2014
Previous work suggests an increased risk for spontaneous pregnancy loss linked to high levels of inorganic arsenic (iAs) in drinking water sources (>10 mug/L). However, there has been little focus to date on the impact of low-moderate levels of iAs in drinking water (<10 mug/L). To address this data gap ...
Brandlistuen Ragnhild Eek RE Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
In a letter to the editor of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, Per Damkier et al.(1) criticise recent studies linking paracetamol exposure in pregnancy with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. They state that the recent findings on associations between prolonged prenatal paracetamol exposure and adverse child developmental outcomes rely primarily on questionnaire-based ...
Dayan Natalie N Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Overweight and obese women may be heavy users of in vitro fertilization (IVF) owing to obesity-related oligo-anovulation. The higher doses of gonadotropins required to achieve pregnancy in obese women may contribute to impaired placentation and the development of preeclampsia. This study was designed to assess the combined effect of high ...
Crawford Giselle G Homerton Fertility Centre, Homerton University Hospital, London E96SR, - - 2014
There is a growing body of evidence surrounding the role played by seminal plasma in human implantation. Seminal fluid contains several proteins that interact with cervical and uterine epithelial cells inducing active immune tolerance. We sought to answer the study question: Does exposure to seminal plasma improve pregnancy outcomes in ...
Padula Amy M AM Stanford University, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Preterm birth is an important marker of health and has a prevalence of 12-13% in the U.S. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of organic contaminants that form during the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons, such as coal, diesel and gasoline. Studies suggest that exposure to PAHs during pregnancy is ...
Gy Rffy Zsuzsa - - 2014
There is a worldwide rising tendency of women deciding to become physicians; hence, one of the most remarkable fields of investigation is the wellbeing of female doctors. The aim of this study was to describe female physicians' reproductive health in Hungary and to explore the potential correlation between their reproductive ...
Kalugina Alla Stanislavovna AS Department of Women's Reproductive Health, North-Western State Medical University named after I.I.Mechnikov , St. Petersburg , Russia Federation - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy when using vitrified and fresh eggs depending on the applied controlled ovarian stimulation protocols in egg donation programs. Study results showed that the controlled ovarian stimulation protocol does not affect the outcome of IVF/ICSI. Vitrification provided survival and pregnancy ...
Gibbins Kj K University of Utah Health Sciences Center and Intermountain Healthcare Salt Lake City, UT, USA - - 2014
The presence of antiphospholipid antibodies is considered a risk factor for pre-eclampsia. Two meta-analyses and a number of case-control and cohort studies have found associations between pre-eclampsia and lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin, and/or anti-β2 glycoprotein I. However, existing literature is inconsistent, with varying severity of pre-eclampsia phenotype examined, differing aPL titer ...
Erez Azulay Carmit C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between anemia during pregnancy and subsequent future maternal cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, comparing women with and without anemia during pregnancy. Deliveries occurred during 1988-1998 and had followed for more than a decade. Incidence of long-term cardiovascular morbidity ...
Aslani Azam A Department of Medical Informatics, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
We designed a computer-based decision aid (CDA) for use by pregnant women at home to investigate and participate in solving their pregnancy problems related to pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and gestational diabetes (GD). The system cannot and is not intended to replace visits to physicians; rather it can help women focus ...
Diesel J C JC Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
We examined the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and offspring obesity at age 36 months. Mother-infant dyads (n = 609) were followed from a first study visit (mean [standard deviation]: 18.8 [2.7] weeks gestation) to 36 months postpartum. Total GWG over the entire pregnancy was defined as excessive or non-excessive according ...
Leibson Tom T 1Clinical fellow, Clinical pharmacology and Motherisk program 2Clinical pharmacology and toxicology resident, University of Toronto 3Department of Clinical pharmacology and toxicology, Hospital for Sick - - 2014
This TDM Journal Club aims to appraise the manuscript published by Munoz et al., (2014) and to debate its ability to inform clinical practice. The phase 1-2, randomized (ratio 2:1) double-blind controlled trial conducted by the authors from 2008 to 2012 included 48 pregnant women aged 18 to 45 years ...
Barrett Helen L - - 2014
Elevated maternal triglycerides have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including an increased risk of preeclampsia and macrosomia. A valid triglyceride meter would allow the examination of maternal postprandial triglycerides in a systematic manner. A non-fasting venous and two capillary measurements (using the Roche Accutrend(R) Plus meter) of triglycerides were ...
Chudal Roshan R Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prenatal smoking exposure affects fetal growth and development and is associated with increased risk of various neurodevelopmental disorders. Only one previous study has examined the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk of bipolar disorder (BPD). In this nested case control study derived from all singleton live births ...
Lim Soo Soo SS KPJ Penang Specialist Hospital, Seberang Jaya, Penang, - - 2014
The prevalence of hemorrhoids among pregnant women is high in late pregnancy. This study was to evaluate the efficacy between drug treatment with Procort (topical hydrocortisone cream 1%) and mechanical treatment with a Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) toilet seat device in managing symptomatic hemorrhoids during the third trimester of pregnancy. ...
Fisher Mandy M Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) are high production volume and ubiquitous chemicals that are quickly metabolized in the body. Traditionally, studies have relied on single spot urine analyses to assess exposure; ignoring variability in concentrations throughout a day or over a longer period of time. We compared BPA and phthalate ...
Hui Amy Leung - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of lifestyle intervention on gestational weight gain in pregnant women with normal and above normal body mass index (BMI) in a randomized controlled trial. A total of 116 pregnant women (<20 weeks of pregnancy) without diabetes were enrolled and 113 ...
Falkegård Marit M Women's Health and Perinatology Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT- The Arctic University of Norway, - - 2014
To investigate the validity of self-reported information about hypertensive disorders in previous pregnancies among women participating in the 4(th) survey of the Tromsø Study. Retrospective cohort study with case-control design. Parous women participating in the 4(th) survey of the Tromsø Study. Medical records including partograms of 200 randomly selected women ...
Gammill Hilary S HS 1] Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Maternal-fetal cell exchange during pregnancy results in acquisition of microchimerism, which can durably persist in both recipients. Naturally acquired microchimerism may impact maternal-fetal interaction in pregnancy. We conducted studies to ask whether microchimerism that a woman acquired from her own mother is detectable before or during pregnancy in women with ...
Robledo-Aceves Mireya M Centro de Registro e Investigación sobre Anomalías Congénitas (CRIAC), Servicio de Genética y Unidad de Citogenética, División de Pediatría, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca", Guadalajara, Jalisco, - - 2014
Mexico is recognized as a country with a high prevalence of gastroschisis, although the cause of this remains unclear. We define the prevalence and potential risk factors for gastroschisis in a public hospital from West México. A case-control study was conducted among 270 newborns, including 90 patients with nonsyndromic gastroschisis ...
Schmidt Rebecca J - - 2014
Iron deficiency affects 40%-50% of pregnancies. Iron is critical for early neurodevelopmental processes that are dysregulated in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We examined maternal iron intake in relation to ASD risk in California-born children enrolled in a population-based case-control study (the Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE) ...
Kantsø Bjørn B Microbiological Diagnostics and Virology, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine antibody titres against Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in a population-based cohort of pregnant women in Denmark in order to evaluate adverse pregnancy outcomes (miscarriage, preterm birth, and small for gestational age) in relation to occupational exposure to animals in women exposed to ...
Chen Ling-Wei - - 2014
BackgroundConsiderable controversy exists regarding the relation between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and risk of low birth weight (birth weight <2,500 g). We aim to assess this association using a systematic review and dose¿response meta-analysis of prospective studies.MethodsPotential articles were identified by searching MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases through 17 July 2013. ...
Potdar Ramesh D RD From the Centre for the Study of Social Change, Mumbai, India (RDP, SAS, MG, HS, MD, SJ, AL, HC, DS, PC-G, PM-L, and GS); the Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit (SHK, NB, PJC, EM-Z, AKW, VAC, DJPB, and CHDF), the National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre (AAJ), and Public Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine (BMM), University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom; and Streehitakarini, Mumbai, India - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is an important public health problem in undernourished populations. We tested whether improving women's dietary micronutrient quality before conception and throughout pregnancy increases birth weight in a high-risk Indian population. The study was a nonblinded, individually randomized controlled trial. The intervention was a daily snack made ...
Sabolovic Rudman Senka S Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital Sisters of Mercy, Zagreb, - - 2014
To determine platelet serotonin (5-HT) concentrations and genotype and allele frequencies of serotonergic type 2A receptor gene (HTR2A) and 5-HT transporter gene (SLC6A4) in women with pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension without proteinuria (PIH) and in control normotensive pregnant women. The study included 96 control women, 131 women with PIH and 84 ...
van Dorp Wendy W Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Division Reproductive Medicine, Erasmus MC-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, s'Gravendijkwal 230, 3015 CE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Paediatric Oncology/Haematology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Dr. Molewaterplein 60, 3015 GJ Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the maternal and neonatal outcome of non-anonymous oocyte donation compared to in vitro fertilization. Study design We compared 84 oocyte donation pregnancies with a 251 matched in vitro fertilization cohort. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were retrieved from a nationwide perinatal registry. Oocyte donation and in vitro fertilization pregnancies ...
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