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Sun Yuelian Y Section for Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
Studies on the safety of drugs used during pregnancy are necessary and important but prone to bias. Using cases as their own controls can reduce bias. We used a case-crossover design and a case-time-control design to estimate the risk of congenital malformation (CM) for children born to mothers who redeemed ...
Rosen Hadar - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate uterine activity during the third stage of labor and compare it to that observed in the second stage of labor. Study Design: Uterine electric activity was prospectively measured using electrical uterine myography (EUM) in 44 women with singleton pregnancy at term during the final 30 minutes ...
Yao Wei - - 2013
Recent advancements in fetal surgery have proven that tracheal occlusion in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia is an effective way to prevent the occurrence of pulmonary hypoplasia. A novel flexible fetoscope with a parallel mechanism structure of a thumbstick to carry on the fetal tracheal balloon occlusion by the targeting ...
Engeland Anders A Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
We aimed to explore associations between drugs dispensed to the father prior to conception and pregnancy outcomes, such as pre-term birth, perinatal mortality, foetal growth retardation and birth defects. In this cohort study, two population-based registries, the Medical Birth Registry of Norway and the Norwegian Prescription Database, were linked. The ...
Koteff Justin J ViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2013
Dolutegravir (DTG; S/GSK1349572) is under clinical development as a once daily, unboosted integrase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection. The effect of DTG on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), and creatinine clearance (CLcr ) was evaluated in 34 healthy volunteers. Subjects received DTG 50 mg (once ...
Sanchez Sixto E SE Postgraduate School, Universidad San Martin de Porres, Lima, - - 2013
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is increasingly recognized as an important cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity. We assessed the relation between IPV and risk of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) among Peruvian women. The study was conducted among 479 pregnant women who delivered a preterm singleton infant (<37 weeks gestation) and ...
Lee Pei-Chen PC Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
Despite numerous studies of air pollution and adverse birth outcomes, few studies have investigated preeclampsia and gestational hypertension, two pregnancy disorders with serious consequences for both mother and infant. Relying on hospital birth records, we conducted a cohort study identifying 34,705 singleton births delivered at Magee-Women's Hospital in Pittsburgh, PA ...
Ferrari Renée M RM Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 725 Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd., Campus Box 7590, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7590, USA. - - 2013
To explore the association between health care provider advice about weight gain and gestational weight gain. Using data from a prospective cohort study, we explored the association between provider advice about weight gain in pregnancy with weight gain adequacy among 1,454 pregnant women. Provider advice was measured by maternal self-report ...
Zerbo Ousseny O Department of Public Health Sciences, MS1C, University of California-Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2013
We analyzed data from case groups of 538 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 163 with developmental delays (DD), and from 421 typically developing controls to assess associations with maternal influenza or fever during pregnancy. Exposure information was obtained by telephone interviews, and outcomes were clinically confirmed. Though neither ...
Pearson R M RM School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of alcohol exposure during pregnancy on a mother's responsiveness towards her infant after birth. Using longitudinal data from a subsample of 687 mother-infant dyads from a UK cohort study (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children), we investigated the influence ...
Frederick Ihunnaya O - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mounting evidence implicate habitual snoring, a prominent symptom of sleep-disordered breathing, as an important risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes including preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Little, however, is known about the determinants of habitual snoring among pregnant women. We sought to assess its prevalence and to identify maternal characteristics ...
Dentali F - - 2012
It was hypothesized that low-dose aspirin could improve implantation rates in subsequent pregnancies in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Previous studies have shown inconclusive results or focused on surrogate end-points. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature investigating the effect of low-dose ...
Kessler Jörg - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the clinical use of ST analysis (STAN) for intrapartum monitoring of high-risk pregnancies. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: University hospital, Norway, 2004-2008. Population: Singleton pregnancies with a gestational age above 35(+6) weeks. Methods: Analysis of maternal and neonatal outcomes for all deliveries according to the method of ...
Dadvand Payam P Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain. - - 2012
Green spaces have been associated with improved physical and mental health; however, the available evidence on the impact of green spaces on pregnancy is scarce. We investigated the association between surrounding greenness and birth weight, head circumference, and gestational age at delivery. This study was based on 2,393 singleton live ...
Westreich Daniel - - 2012
Pregnancy is a common indication for initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in sub-Saharan Africa. Our objective was to evaluate how pregnancy at treatment initiation predicts virologic response to HAART. We evaluated an open cohort of 9173 patients who initiated HAART between April 2004 and September 2009 in the ...
Al-Mandeel Hazem - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To assess the effects of intentional delivery (ID) over expectant management (EM) in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) between 28 and 34 weeks of gestation on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Methods: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and Science Citation Index; contacted experts, ...
Melamed Nir - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an abnormal 50g-glucose challenge test (GCT) is independently associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study of women with abnormal GCT (>140 mg/dl) but normal subsequent 100g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Pregnancy outcome was compared with that of women with normal GCT (<140 mg/dl). ...
Sekhavat Leila - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of global health problems and maternal obesity may be associated with increase in risk of pregnancy complications and neonatal death. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) on neonate Apgar score at minute 5. METHODS: In ...
Hume Heather - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of Shirodkar to McDonald cerclage in patients with singleton pregnancies undergoing an ultrasound-indicated cerclage. Methods: Historical cohort of all patients with singleton pregnancies undergoing cerclage for the indication of a short cervix on ultrasound (ultrasound-indicated) at one institution in 2005-2010 We compared outcomes based ...
Moini A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived by assisted reproduction technology (ART) with spontaneously conceived (SC) twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study compared all dichorionic twin pregnancies in nulliparous women following fresh in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or ICSI cycles at Royan ...
Velayo Clarissa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal cardiac performance by abdominal fetal electrocardiography (ECG) in monochorionic diamniotic pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS-MCDA). METHODS: Abdominal fetal ECG was attempted in 16 singleton, 21 non-TTTS-MCDA, and 14 TTTS-MCDA pregnancies at 16-27 weeks' gestation. Standard ECG parameters were compared across study groups and evaluated for ...
Chapinal N - - 2012
The objective was to identify herd-level indicators expressed as a proportion of sampled animals with increased nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) or β-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA), or decreased calcium in wk -1 and wk +1 relative to calving that were associated with herd-level incidence of retained placenta, metritis and displaced abomasum, milk ...
Lopriore Enrico - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction in singletons has been shown to enhance fetal lung maturation and reduce the risk of respiratory distress syndrome due to increased endogenous steroid production. However, data on lung maturation in growth-discordant monochorionic (thus, identical) twins are lacking. Our objective was to compare the risk of severe neonatal ...
De Vera Mary A - - 2012
Due to their effect on altering physiological interactions between vasodilator and vasoconstrictor autacoids in normal pregnancies, antidepressants may be associated with the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We evaluated the impact of antidepressant use during pregnancy on the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We conducted a nested case-control study within the Quebec ...
Lachmann Robert - - 2012
Objective: To describe the first trimester diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). Methods: The midbrain and falx cerebri were examined in stored images of the midsagittal view of the fetal brain at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation from 15 fetuses with ACC and 500 normal controls. The midbrain diameter and ...
Takemura Yuri - - 2012
Although assisted reproductive technology (ART) is suspected to increase the risk of placenta previa, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, the reason is poorly understood. We recruited consecutive 318 pregnancies conceived by ART in our clinic and examined relation of ten variables, i.e. maternal age, gravidity, parity, male or female fetus, ...
Kuehn Devon - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Most children who are exposed to large quantities of alcohol in utero do not develop fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Population-based prospective data on the risk of developing components of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), however, are limited. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 9,628 women screened during ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a prognostic model for prediction of spontaneous preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study using data of the nationwide perinatal registry in The Netherlands. We studied 1,524,058 singleton pregnancies between 1999 and 2007. We developed a multiple logistic regression model to estimate the risk of ...
Santana Danielly S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of severe maternal complications associated with abortion in Brazil. METHODS: In a cross-sectional multicenter study, prospective surveillance was done for cases of potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC), maternal near miss (MNM), and maternal death (MD) among 9555 women with obstetric complications between June 2009 and May ...
Steiner Naama - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether episiotomy prevents 3rd or 4th degree perineal tears in critical conditions such as shoulder dystocia, instrumental deliveries (vacuum or forceps), persistent occiput-posterior position, fetal macrosomia (>4,000 g), and non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) patterns. METHODS: A retrospective study comparing 3rd and 4th degree perineal tears during vaginal ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion in Japanese twin pregnancies in comparison with those in Japanese singleton pregnancies. METHODS: We reviewed the obstetric records of all singleton and twin deliveries after 22 weeks' gestation at the ...
Faiz Ambarina S - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to examine the risk of stillbirth associated with ambient air pollution during pregnancy. Using live birth and fetal death data from New Jersey from 1998 to 2004, the authors assigned daily concentrations of air pollution to each birth or fetal death. Generalized estimating ...
Herring Sharon J - - 2012
Factors influencing excessive weight gain in pregnancy have not been well-studied among urban, low-income women. This prospective cohort study of 94 prenatal care patients at a large university hospital in Philadelphia examined associations of modifiable midpregnancy behaviors and nonmodifiable or early pregnancy factors with excessive gestational weight gain. Data were ...
Margulis Andrea V - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the use of monotherapy topiramate in pregnancy and cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) in the offspring. Data from the Slone Epidemiology Center Birth Defects Study (BDS) from 1997 to 2009 and the National Birth Defects Prevention ...
Maso Gianpaolo - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical significance of intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring in low-risk pregnancies according to guidelines and specific patterns. METHODS: An obstetrician, blinded to neonatal outcome, retrospectively reviewed 198 low-risk cases that underwent continuous electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) during the last 2 h before delivery. The tracings were ...
Resch B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of cerebral palsy in multiples has been reported. AIMS: To determine the risk for the development of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) of twin and triplet pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single-centre study at a tertiary care university hospital. SUBJECTS: Infants ≤35 weeks gestational age born between 1988 and ...
Azim Hatem A HA - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is relatively rare with considerable controversy regarding its prognosis. PATIENTS & METHODS: Two of the authors independently performed a literature search with no date or language restrictions. Eligible studies were control-matched, population-based and hospital-based studies that addressed the outcome of patients diagnosed during pregnancy or ...
Rogawski Elizabeth T - - 2012
Background. Fetal anemia is common in malarious areas and is a risk factor for infant morbidity and mortality. Malaria during pregnancy may cause decreased cord hemoglobin (Hb) and fetal anemia among newborns. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is protective against malaria, but may also affect hematopoiesis and ...
Lykke Jacob A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: First trimester bleeding without miscarriage is a risk factor for complications later in the pregnancy, such as preterm delivery. Also, first trimester miscarriage has been linked to subsequent maternal ischemic heart disease. We investigated the link between maternal cardiovascular disease prior to and subsequent to first trimester bleeding without ...
Prats Pilar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to describe the performance of first-trimester combined risk assessment in twin pregnancies. METHODS: Maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) were determined at 8 to 12 weeks and fetal nuchal translucency (NT) was measured at 11 to 13+6 weeks. The individual risk was ...
Harita Nobuko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, who have growth restriction, have higher perinatal morbidity and mortality. Excessive inflammatory reaction such as neutrophil activation has been observed in pregnant women whose offspring had restricted fetal growth, but the association between white blood cell (WBC) counts and SGA birth has not yet been assessed. ...
Imhoff-Kunsch Beth - - 2012
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), primarily Ascaris, Trichuris and hookworm, inflict a substantial morbidity burden on poor populations living in tropical and subtropical regions. Chronic STH infections can cause intestinal blood loss and nutrient loss and/or malabsorption, which can result in or exacerbate iron deficiency, anaemia and other nutritional deficiencies. More than ...
Liao Huifang - - 2012
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of the fetal plantar shape in prenatal diagnosis of talipes equinovarus. Methods- A case-control study was conducted between September 2009 and February 2011. We measured the width and length of 249 feet (156 fetuses) included in this study and ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2012
Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency globally. Children and women of reproductive age are at a particular risk of iron deficiency. Anaemia during pregnancy is a specific risk factor for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. The objective of this review was to assess the impact of routine iron ...
Thangaratinam S - - 2012
Around 50% of women of childbearing age are either overweight [body mass index (BMI) 25-29.9 kg/m(2)] or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The antenatal period provides an opportunity to manage weight in pregnancy. This has the potential to reduce maternal and fetal complications associated with excess weight gain and obesity. ...
Imhoff-Kunsch Beth - - 2012
Evidence from observational studies and randomised trials has suggested a potential association between intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) during pregnancy and certain pregnancy and birth outcomes. Marine foods (e.g. fatty sea fish, algae) and select freshwater fish contain pre-formed n-3 LCPUFA, which serve as precursors for bioactive ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2012
Gestational hypertensive disorders are the second leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that an inverse relationship exists between calcium intake and development of hypertension in pregnancy. The purpose of this review was to evaluate preventive effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on gestational hypertensive ...
Bodén Robert - - 2012
CONTEXT Knowledge about the effects of exposure to the newer antipsychotics during pregnancy is limited. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of maternal use of antipsychotics during pregnancy on gestational diabetes and fetal growth. DESIGN Population-based cohort study comparing women exposed and not exposed to antipsychotics during pregnancy. Exposure was defined ...
Rode Line - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To estimate the association between cytokine levels in twin pregnancies and risk of spontaneous preterm delivery, including the effect of progesterone treatment. METHODS:: This secondary analysis of a randomized placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of progesterone treatment on preterm delivery in twin pregnancies included 523 women with available dried ...
Edwards Digna R Velez - - 2012
To estimate the association between over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) exposure during the early first trimester and risk for spontaneous abortion (gestation before 20 weeks of gestation) in a prospective cohort. Women were enrolled in the Right from the Start study (2004-2010). Exposure data regarding over-the-counter NSAID use from the ...
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