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Hernandez Teri L TL Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, 12801 E. 17th Avenue, MS8106, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2015
The definition of optimal glycemic control in pregnancies affected by diabetes remains enigmatic. Diabetes phenotypes are heterogeneous. Moreover, fetal macrosomia insidiously occurs even with excellent glycemic control. Current blood glucose (BG) targets (FBG ≤95, 1-h post-prandial <140, 2 h <120 mg/dL) have improved perinatal outcomes, but arguably they have not normalized. The ...
Theodora Marianna - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this retrospective controlled study is to estimate the risk for fetal loss and preterm delivery attributed to second trimester amniocentesis from a single tertiary center. Methods: The study group consists of 12,413 singleton pregnancies with consecutive amniocenteses, performed in a single tertiary center during a ...
Farbu Jorunn - - 2014
BackgroundLittle attention has been given to the impact of singlehood during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of marital status on diet during pregnancy and pregnancy outcome.MethodsThe study population comprised 62,773 women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Marital status was categorised ...
Hansen Mette Lausten ML Department of Occupational Medicine, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44 building 2C, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. [Email: - - 2014
The aim of this cohort study was to investigate associations between parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), assisted reproductive therapy (ART), time to pregnancy (TTP), and engagement in physical exercise and the risk of sickness absence in pregnancy from 10-29 completed pregnancy weeks. Data from 51 874 pregnancies in the ...
Witt Whitney P WP Maternal and Child Health Research, Truven Health Analytics, 4819 Emperor Boulevard, Suite 125, Durham, NC, 27703, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to understand the association between stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) and women's alcohol and tobacco use prior to and during pregnancy, and the continuation of such use through pregnancy. Data were from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 9,350). Data were collected ...
Vannappagari Vani V 1Worldwide Epidemiology, GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; 2Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, NC, USA; 3INC Research, Post Approval and Strategic Services, Raleigh, NC, USA; 4INC Research, Biostatistics, Wilmington, NC, - - 2014
The Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR), an international, voluntary registry, provides information on teratogenicity and non-defect adverse pregnancy outcomes. We analyzed APR prospective singleton pregnancies, estimating frequencies of and risk for non-defect adverse outcomes among HIV-infected women. Prenatal exposures to abacavir (ABC)-containing regimens versus non-ABC antiretroviral (ARV) regimens, and lamivudine (3TC)-containing ...
Holmlund Susanna S Department of Public Health, University of Turku , Turku , Finland - - 2014
Abstract The psychological effects of abortion have been much discussed lately, with recently published studies indicating that induced abortion (IA) may, contrary to the general consensus, be contributing to psychological symptoms post-abortion. Using a cohort of first-time mothers, we assessed the likelihood of them experiencing psychological ill-being at the midpoint ...
Keenan Kate K Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
To test the association between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation and perceived stress and cortisol response to a stressor during pregnancy in a sample of African American women living in low-income environments. Sixty-four African American women were enrolled at 16-21 weeks of gestation. Power calculations were computed using published standard deviations ...
Al-Allawi Nasir A S NA Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, 9 Azadi Hospital Rd, Duhok, 1014AM - - 2014
The current study was initiated to determine the prevalence of activated protein C (APC) resistance, factor V Leiden and antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) in Iraqi women with recurrent fetal loss (RFL), and evaluate the outcome of intervention in those with such states. For this purpose a total of 103 Iraqi women ...
Barcelo-Fimbres M M MOFA Global, LLc, Verona, Wisconsin, - - 2014
The aim of the present work was to evaluate embryonic development after shipping and maturation of bovine cumulus oocyte complexes (COC) collected by ovum pick up (OPU) in medium (SMM) that does not require CO2 gas for transport and maturation. Two experiments were conducted, experiment 1 stimulated nonlactating Holstein (n=4), ...
Atkinson Paul P Reproductive Medicine Department, Royal Hospital for Women, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
To analyse the data from all controlled ovarian hyperstimulation antagonist cycles that used an agonist trigger and a freeze-all strategy to quantify the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and subsequent pregnancy rates. A retrospective study of all women attending fertility clinics at IVF Australia, Sydney, undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation ...
Ibrahimou Boubakari B From the Department of Biostatistics (Dr Ibrahimou), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami; Department of Public Health (Ms Anozie), College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Drs Ibrahimou and Salihu), College of Public Health; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Dr Salihu), College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa; and Departments of Health Policy and Medicine (Dr Aliyu), Vanderbilt University, Nashville, - - 2014
To determine whether maternal exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) speciation chemicals during pregnancy is associated with the risk of preeclampsia. We allocated average daily exposure values for 36 ambient particulate matter speciation chemicals to mothers during their first trimester and their entire pregnancy. The main outcome of interest was preeclampsia ...
Pereira M H C MH Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP 18618-000, - - 2014
Our hypothesis was that fertility could be increased in a timed-artificial-insemination (TAI) protocol based on estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) by combining GnRH with E2-benzoate at the start of the protocol to increase circulating P4 during preovulatory follicle development and by using 2 prostaglandin F2α (PGF) treatments at the end ...
Hodgetts Va V Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
To assess the effect of timing of folic acid (FA) supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of the neonate being small for gestational age (SGA). A population database study and a systematic review with meta-analysis including the results of this population study. A UK regional database was used for the ...
Cheelo M M Allergy and Lung Health Unit, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
While paracetamol exposure in pregnancy and early infancy has been associated with asthma, it remains unclear whether this is confounded by respiratory tract infections, which have been suggested as an alternative explanation. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies that reported the association between paracetamol exposure during ...
Cobey Kelly D KD School of Natural Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Scotland, FK9 4LA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Here, we investigate changes in women's facial masculinity preferences across pregnancy and the post-partum period. The majority of previous research demonstrating changes in women's masculinity preferences has examined the impact of hormonal variation across the female menstrual cycle. Hormonal changes experienced during pregnancy and the post-partum period, critical periods in ...
de Castro Filipa F Reproductive Health Division, Center for Population Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, - - 2014
This study examined the association between postnatal depressive symptoms and a set of demographic and psychosocial factors among 604 women attending a public hospital for postnatal care in Mexico City. Specific profiles of women that would indicate an increased probability for developing postnatal depression (PND) based on discrete combinations of ...
Mumm Hanne H Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
To investigate obstetric outcomes in Danish women with different phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and isolated hyperandrogenism (HA) and describe the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes in women with PCOS and HA compared to controls. Cohort study. Odense University Hospital, Denmark. Women with PCOS were identified prospectively since 1997. ...
Biederman Joseph J Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA - - 2014
This study examined whether exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy in children with and without ADHD is associated with smoking in offspring and whether this association is selective to ADHD children. Ninety-six exposed and 400 unexposed participants were derived from two longitudinal studies of boys and girls with and without ...
Ruckart Perri Zeitz - - 2014
Drinking water supplies at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune were contaminated with trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene (PCE), and benzene during 1968-1985. We conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate associations between residential prenatal exposure to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune during 1968-1985 and preterm birth, small for gestational age (SGA), term ...
Botton Jérémie J Inserm, UMR-S1018, CESP, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Epidemiology of diabetes, obesity and chronic kidney disease over the lifecourse Team, Villejuif, France; University Paris Sud, Faculty of Pharmacy, Châtenay-Malabry, France; Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain; IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Impaired postnatal growth after chloroform exposure in utero has been observed in rodents without an effect on birth weight. We aimed to study the relationship between exposure to trihalomethanes (THMs) during pregnancy and postnatal weight growth during infancy. We analysed 2216 mother-child pairs recruited in Gipuzkoa, Sabadell, Valencia (Spain, INMA ...
Pollak Kathryn I KI Community and Family Medicine, Duke University - - 2014
Background: Although many Latinos in the US smoke, they receive assistance to quit less often than non-Latinos. To address this disparity, we recruited Latino couples into a randomized controlled trial and provided a smoking cessation program during a teachable moment, when men's partners were pregnant. Methods: We compared two interventions: ...
Yang Seungmi S Department of Pediatrics, Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
Maternal psychosocial distress is conceptualized as an important factor underlying the association between neighborhood deprivation and pregnancy outcomes. However, empirical studies to examine effects of neighborhood deprivation on psychosocial distress during pregnancy are scant. Based on a large multicenter cohort of pregnant women in Montreal, we examined (1) the extent ...
Ambrose Divakar J DJ Livestock Research Branch, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The primary objective was to determine if low doses of PGF2α (dinoprost) given intramuscularly (im) concurrent with timed artificial insemination (TAI) would improve conception rates in dairy cattle. A secondary objective was to determine if body condition score (BCS) and parity would influence conception rates, either independently or in interaction ...
Miles Elizabeth A EA Human Development & Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United - - 2014
The early presentation of childhood allergies and the rise in their prevalence suggest that changes in early life exposures may increase the predisposition. Very early life exposures may act upon the developing foetal immune system and include infection, environmental tobacco smoke, other pollutants and nutrients provided via the mother. Three ...
Buck Louis Germaine M - - 2014
Concern has arisen about benzophenone (BP) ultraviolet (UV) radiation filters, given their use in sunscreen and personal-care products and their reported estrogenic and antiandrogenic activity. We recruited 501 couples who were discontinuing use of contraceptives in order to become pregnant for the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment (LIFE) ...
Achkar Madonna M School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, - - 2014
We sought to examine the association between maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration in early pregnancy and the subsequent diagnosis of preeclampsia (PE). This was a nested case-control study from 2 prospective Canadian cohorts conducted in Quebec City, Quebec, and Halifax, Nova Scotia, from 2002 through 2010. Participants were pregnant ...
Andersen Helle R HR Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prenatal exposure to pesticides may affect neurodevelopment, while the impact of modern pesticides is unclear. From 1997-2001, women working in greenhouse horticultures were recruited at the beginning of their pregnancy. Based on detailed interview of the women and their employers, those categorized as occupationally exposed to pesticides were moved to ...
Rostami Mohsen M Sports Medicine Research Center, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Spine Division, Noorafshar Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine Hospital, Tehran, - - 2014
To compare the thickness of the External Oblique, Internal Oblique and Transversus Abdominis muscles in pregnant subjects with and without low back pain (LBP), using ultrasound to measure thickness. A case control study. An academic and tertiary care referral spine and sports medicine center. Fifty pregnant women with LBP during ...
Dundar Ozgur O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haydarpasa Military Education and Research Hospital, GATA, Istanbul, - - 2014
The present study aims to evaluate how components of complete blood count are altered in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss. This was a retrospective evaluation of 60 women who had a history of recurrent pregnancy loss, 60 healthy women who had a first trimester pregnancy and 60 ...
Mozaffari S S Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Several studies have indicated the harmful effect of flare-up periods in pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on their newborns. Therefore, an effective and safe medical treatment during pregnancy is of great concern in IBD patients. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis on the outcomes ...
Franasiak Jason M JM Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare monozygotic twinning (MZT) rates in patients undergoing blastocyst or cleavage-stage ET. Retrospective cohort. Academic research center. Autologous, fresh IVF cycles resulting in a clinical pregnancy from 1999 to 2014. None. Monozygotic twin pregnancy in blastocyst-stage transfer vs. cleavage-stage transfer when controlling for patient prognosis and embryo cohort quality factors. ...
Hu Hui H Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP, including gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and eclampsia) have a substantial public health impact. Maternal exposure to high levels of air pollution may trigger HDP, but this association remains unclear. The objective of our report is to assess and quantify the association between maternal exposures to criteria ...
Winer Norbert N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Hôpital Mère-Enfant, Nantes, Paris, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) in prolonging gestation in patients with a short cervix and other risk factors for preterm delivery, such as previous preterm birth, cervical surgery, uterine anomalies, or prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure. This open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled ...
Brown Alan S AS Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, United States; Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Autoimmune disruption may contribute to risk for autism; however, since previous studies relied upon clinical diagnoses, exposure misclassification and recall bias are limitations. Thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab) is an autoantibody involved in autoimmune thyroiditis. We aimed to test the a priori hypothesis that positivity to maternal serum TPO-Ab (TPO-Ab+) (defined ...
McDowell Simon S Queensland Fertility Group Research Foundation, 55 Little Edward St, Level 2 Boundary Court, Spring Hill, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, - - 2014
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) bring together gametes outside of the body to enhance the probability of fertilisation and pregnancy. Advanced sperm selection techniques are increasingly being employed in ART, most commonly in cycles utilising ICSI. Advanced sperm selection techniques ...
Sordillo Joanne E JE Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Several studies have reported an association between use of over-the-counter antipyretics during pregnancy or infancy and increased asthma risk. An important potential limitation of these observational studies is confounding by indication. We investigated the association of antipyretic intake during pregnancy and during the first year of life (infancy) with asthma-related ...
Demir Uygar Levent UL Department of Otolaryngology, University of Uludag, Bursa, - - 2014
Nasal congestion that is not present before pregnancy represents a distinct clinical entity called pregnancy rhinitis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics of nasal physiology over the course of pregnancy. The study was conducted with 85 pregnant women and 26 nonpregnant controls. We measured nasal ...
Israfil-Bayli Fidan - - 2014
Cervical incompetence is one of the causes of preterm birth and mid-trimester pregnancy loss. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure to treat cervical incompetence. Cervical cerclage reduces the incidence of preterm birth in women at risk of recurrent preterm birth, without a statistically significant reduction in perinatal mortality or neonatal ...
Tanvig Mette M Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, - - 2014
Context: Maternal obesity and gestational weight gain are linked to offspring adverse metabolic profile, and lifestyle intervention during pregnancy in obese women may have long-term positive effect on their children. Furthermore, although the association between birth weight and later metabolic outcomes is well established, little is known about the predictive ...
Lee V Cy VC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong - - 2014
OBJECTIVES. To compare the pregnancy outcome of the fluorescent in-situ hybridisation and array comparative genomic hybridisation in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of translocation carriers. DESIGN. Historical cohort. SETTING. A teaching hospital in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All preimplantation genetic diagnosis treatment cycles performed for translocation carriers from 2001 to 2013. RESULTS. Overall, ...
Borrero Sonya S Center for Research on Health Care, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; VA Center for Health Equity, Research, and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unintended pregnancy is common and disproportionately occurs among low-income women. We conducted a qualitative study with low-income women to better typologize pregnancy intention, understand the relationship between pregnancy intention and contraceptive use, and identify the contextual factors that shape pregnancy intention and contraceptive behavior. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with low-income, ...
Morales Eva E Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), - - 2014
Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to air pollution on lung function at preschool age remain unexplored. We examined the association of exposure to air pollution during specific trimesters of pregnancy and postnatal life with lung function in preschoolers. Lung function was assessed with spirometry in preschoolers aged 4.5 years (n=620) ...
Parker Samantha E SE Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston University, Boston, - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is the most common complication of pregnancy. NVP has been associated with improved fetal outcomes, but its association with childhood neurodevelopmental outcomes has rarely been studied. Subjects were children aged 5-12 years (n = 560) who were controls in a previously conducted case-control study of prenatal ...
Jensen Et E National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
To evaluate whether hormonal contraceptives, used before or in early pregnancy, confer increased risk of preterm birth or reduced fetal growth. Population-based cohort study conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Mother and Child Cohort Study, 1998-2008) with linkage to the Norwegian Prescription Registry and to the Medical Birth ...
Paterno Mary T - - 2014
To develop and test a comprehensive tool for measuring women's attitudes toward the possibility of becoming pregnant. Cross-sectional mixed methods study. Two obstetric/gynecologic (OB/GYN) clinics and one family planning clinic in Baltimore, Maryland. One-hundred thirty (130) nonpregnant, primarily African American women (84%) age 18 to 29. Participants completed a computer-based ...
Bloom Michael S - - 2014
Previous work suggests an increased risk for spontaneous pregnancy loss linked to high levels of inorganic arsenic (iAs) in drinking water sources (>10 mug/L). However, there has been little focus to date on the impact of low-moderate levels of iAs in drinking water (<10 mug/L). To address this data gap ...
Brandlistuen Ragnhild Eek RE Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
In a letter to the editor of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, Per Damkier et al.(1) criticise recent studies linking paracetamol exposure in pregnancy with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. They state that the recent findings on associations between prolonged prenatal paracetamol exposure and adverse child developmental outcomes rely primarily on questionnaire-based ...
Dayan Natalie N Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Overweight and obese women may be heavy users of in vitro fertilization (IVF) owing to obesity-related oligo-anovulation. The higher doses of gonadotropins required to achieve pregnancy in obese women may contribute to impaired placentation and the development of preeclampsia. This study was designed to assess the combined effect of high ...
Crawford Giselle G Homerton Fertility Centre, Homerton University Hospital, London E96SR, - - 2014
There is a growing body of evidence surrounding the role played by seminal plasma in human implantation. Seminal fluid contains several proteins that interact with cervical and uterine epithelial cells inducing active immune tolerance. We sought to answer the study question: Does exposure to seminal plasma improve pregnancy outcomes in ...
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