Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1289
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Kovac Mirjana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: D-dimer testing has an important role in the exclusion of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the nonpregnant population. Establishing D-dimers role in the diagnosis of VTE in pregnancy is hampered because of the substantial increase of D-dimer throughout gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective study we followed 89 ...
Kovac M - - 2010
Existing data regarding the prevalence of thrombophilia in women with pregnancy complications are conflicting. To investigate the relationship between pregnancy-associated complications and the presence of thrombophilia, we studied the records of 453 women with pregnancy-associated complications. In 55 women, intrauterine fetal death (fetus mortus in utero, FMU) after 20 weeks ...
DeSancho Maria Teresa - - 2010
Carriers of Factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A gene mutations have an increased risk of developing thromboembolic events and adverse outcomes of pregnancy. The objective of the present study was to identify risk factors which may predispose carriers of Factor V Leiden and/or prothrombin G20210A gene mutations to develop thromboembolic ...
Silver Robert M - - 2010
To estimate whether maternal carriage of the prothrombin gene G20210A mutation is associated with pregnancy loss, preeclampsia, placental abruption, or small for gestational age (SGA) neonates in a low-risk, prospective cohort. This was a secondary analysis of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development factor ...
Miti? Gorana - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The optimal treatment of pregnancy associated VTE (venous thromboembolism) has not been established yet. OBJECTIVE: The assessment of the efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) nadroparin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) used for the treatment of pregnancy and puerperium related VTE. Primary study goals were to analyze ...
Sedano-Balbás Sara - - 2010
Activated Protein C Resistance (APCR), a poor anticoagulant response of APC in haemostasis, is the commonest heritable thrombophilia. Adverse outcomes during pregnancy have been linked to APCR. This study determined the frequency of APCR, factor V gene known and novel SNPs and adverse outcomes in a group of pregnant women. ...
Che Yaakob Che Anuar - - 2010
Thromboembolic complications are much higher in pregnancy due to procoagulant changes. Heparin does not cross the placenta and the use of unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the current established practice in prophylaxis and treatment for thromboembolism in pregnancy. To compare the effectiveness of anticoagulant therapies for the treatment of deep vein ...
Oberkersch Roxana - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Low-molecular-weight heparin is used clinically for the prevention of pregnancy complications associated with prothrombotic disorders, particularly anti-phospholipid syndrome. Nevertheless, recent studies have suggested that heparin may exert direct effects on the placental trophoblast, independently of its anticoagulant activity. In addition, heparin prevents complement activation in vivo and protects mice ...
Allison Jana L - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: First trimester pregnancy loss affects up to 15% of clinically recognized pregnancies. Whereas most couples will proceed to have successful subsequent pregnancies, 2-4% will suffer recurrent losses, often with no identifiable cause. In fact, up to 40-50% of patients suffering recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) will have no ...
Hanprasertpong Tharangrut - - 2009
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, an unusual presentation of antiphospholipid syndrome, is a rare condition in pregnancy, particularly in the first trimester. The authors of this case report present the case of a 20-year-old woman with sudden onset of headaches and hemiparesis in the first trimester of pregnancy. She underwent a ...
Mantha S - - 2010
The management of recurrent pregnancy loss is uncertain. Some cohort studies have identified an association between inherited thrombophilias and recurrent or late non-recurrent pregnancy loss, which has prompted investigators to evaluate the benefit of low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) to achieve live birth. A similar benefit for LMWH has also ...
Tranquilli Andrea Luigi - - 2010
Carrier status of the fetus for factor V polymorphism or double homozygosity for mutant alleles of the PAI-1 4 G/4 G and MTHFR T677 T polymorphisms must be considered risk factors for intrauterine fetal death. The clinical implications of these data need to be addressed in a prospective study to ...
Bramham K - - 2010
Women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may have diverse pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate pregnancy outcome in women with APS according to their clinical phenotype, i.e. thrombotic and obstetric APS. Eighty-three pregnancies in 67 women with APS were included in the study, including 21 with recurrent ...
Bourjeily Ghada - - 2010
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the leading cause of maternal mortality in the developed world. Mortality from PE in pregnancy might be related to challenges in targeting the right population for prevention, ensuring that diagnosis is suspected and adequately investigated, and initiating timely and best possible treatment of this disease. Pregnancy ...
Quinn John - - 2009
The use of standard dose low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) to anticoagulate women with mechanical valves in pregnancy is associated with morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective audit of the use of adjusted dose high intensity LMWH in 12 pregnancies in 11 women with prosthetic heart valves. LMWH +/- ...
Dempfle Carl-Erik - - 2009
Monitoring of anti-factor Xa activity is often performed during treatment with low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) in pregnancy because the anticoagulant effect may decrease as pregnancy progresses, but assays for anti-factor Xa activity are unavailable in many clinical institutions caring for pregnant women. Heptest-STAT is a new clotting assay for monitoring of ...
Ozer Orhan - - 2010
The incidence of prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT), which is a life-threatening complication, increased during pregnancy because of the hypercoagulable state. Despite adequate anticoagulation, the incidence of PVT has been estimated as 4% to 14% during pregnancy. Prosthetic valve thrombosis occurring during pregnancy requires urgent therapy including fibrinolytic therapy, valve replacement, ...
Carnero-Alcázar Manuel - - 2010
Pregnant women with a mechanical heart prosthesis are at a higher risk of thromboembolic complications. The optimal anticoagulation strategy in this setting remains unclear. When prosthesis thrombosis happens and cardiac surgery must be performed, the risk of fetal mortality is high. Special attention must be paid to improve the placental ...
Ferroni Patrizia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A condition of maternal thrombophilia, either inherited or acquired, can compromise the success of implantation and foetal survival. METHODS: Malfunctions in protein C pathway were evaluated using a novel assay [HemosIL ThromboPath (ThP)] in a case-control study of 172 women with a history of recurrent miscarriage or infertility and ...
Cochery-Nouvellon Eva - - 2009
The endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is expressed by trophoblast cells. Mid-gestation pregnancy loss is described in animals with a haemochorial placenta lacking EPCR. The A6936G allele of the EPCR gene (PROCR) may be associated with lower EPCR densities on trophoblasts, but data are lacking for its effect on the ...
Verspyck Eric - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether testing for hereditary thrombophilia alone or in combination with second-trimester uterine artery Doppler (UAD) is useful in predicting recurrent complications in patients with previous preeclampsia, placental abruption, or stillbirth. STUDY DESIGN: Between 2001 and 2005, 110 consecutive women were included in the study and ...
Yinon Yoav - - 2009
There are a number of different anticoagulation options for pregnant women with mechanical heart valves. The purpose of this study was to examine maternal thromboembolic complications in women with mechanical valves treated with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) throughout pregnancy. This was a substudy of a larger prospective cohort study of ...
Bianca Sebastiano - - 2010
Our study does not support the reported association between APOE and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) than the clinical management of these patients should not be influenced by the presence or not of APO E polymorphisms.
Dao Vi - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Placenta-mediated pregnancy complications are relatively common and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although anticoagulants are increasingly being used to prevent these complications, the evidence supporting their use is limited. This article will focus on reviewing the current evidence base for the use of anticoagulants to ...
Jeon Gyun-Ho - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate recurrent miscarriages in Koreans in terms of causative factors and the prognosis for subsequent successful pregnancies in primary and secondary recurrent miscarriages cases. STUDY DESIGN: The study retrospectively examined the clinical records of 222 recurrent miscarriage cases that were presented at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ...
Martineau M - - 2009
Although venous thromboembolism is a preventable and treatable condition, it remains the most common cause of direct maternal death in the UK, with a four-fold increased incidence compared to that of the non-pregnant population. The risk of VTE is apparent from early pregnancy and maximal immediately postpartum. Increasing rates of ...
Hossain Nazli - - 2009
Anticoagulant therapy has been used extensively for the prevention of recurrent pregnancy losses, and other placenta mediated complications, including prevention of preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction. While heparin anticoagulation is a standard treatment for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, it is increasingly being used in the prevention of placenta mediated complications. In ...
Clark Nathan P - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Unfractionated heparin (UFH) does not cross the placenta and has demonstrated utility in the prevention and treatment of thrombosis during pregnancy. Limited information is available to guide initiation and monitoring of therapeutic UFH targeting an anti-Xa concentration of 0.3-0.7 u/ml during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to ...
McLintock C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal and fetal outcomes in women with mechanical heart valves managed with therapeutic dose enoxaparin during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective audit. SETTING: Hospital-based high-risk antenatal clinics. POPULATION: Pregnant women with mechanical heart valves attending high-risk antenatal clinics, treated with enoxaparin (1 mg/kg twice daily) during pregnancy. METHODS: Women ...
Lussana Federico - - 2009
The term thrombophilia describes an increased tendency to develop thrombosis and many laboratory markers with different strengths of association with thrombosis have been identified. The main causes of maternal mortality and morbidity in developed countries is venous thromboembolism (VTE) and obstetric complications. During pregnancy and puerperium the risk for VTE ...
Monien Silke - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In women with a history of recurrent miscarriage, the risk of miscarriage in a subsequent pregnancy is about 30% to 40%. In patients with thrombophilia, the risk is even higher. Placental thrombosis has been found in women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage independent of thrombophilia. In addition, proinflammatory changes, for ...
Moioli Melita - - 2010
According to current definition, peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder in which left ventricular dysfunction and symptoms of heart failure occur in the last month of pregnancy. It has been reported that the incidence of PPCM is 1 in 3,000-4,000 live births. The pathogenesis is poorly understood, however, infectious, ...
Magnani H N - - 2010
Danaparoid case reports of 91 pregnancies in 83 patients with a history of thrombophilia and/or intra-uterine growth retardation have been analysed. All had intolerance to the heparins including HIT and acute or past thromboses or a history of repeated pregnancy loss (RPL). Danaparoid was started in the first, second and ...
Marquard Kerri - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of embryonic chromosomal abnormalities, thrombophilias, and uterine anomalies in women over the age of 35 years with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic reproductive endocrinology and infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Women>or=35 years old with >or=3 first trimester miscarriages. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Ekbatani A - - 2010
Unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight heparin are currently the anticoagulants of choice for the prevention of recurrent thromboembolic disease during pregnancy. However, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia contraindicates the use of unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight heparin. We describe a patient who was admitted to our hospital with deep vein thrombosis at 18 weeks of ...
Miesbach Wolfgang - - 2009
Dysfibrinogenemia is caused by a variety of structural abnormalities in the fibrinogen molecule, which results in a tendency for bleeding and thrombosis as well as obstetric complications. The obstetric complications of dysfibrinogenemia include first-trimester pregnancy loss, hemorrhage, placental abruption, and thrombosis. We conducted a retrospective study of four cases of ...
Fatehi Farzad - - 2009
Until now, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) was principally an autopsy diagnosis; however, with the introduction of MRI and angiography, as well as enhanced clinical attentiveness, it is now reliably diagnosed during life. Herein, we describe a case of CVST accompanied by oligodendroglioma and pregnancy. In our patient, the following ...
Mitic Gorana - - 2010
Recurrent fetal loss (RFL) is a significant clinical problem, occurring in 1% to 5% of reproductive females. Inherited or acquired thrombophilia has been diagnosed in 50% to 65% of women with history of unexplained fetal loss. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of thrombophilia in women ...
Santoro Rita - - 2009
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism, which probably varies according to the presence of single or multiple thrombophilic defects. Acquired or inherited thrombophilia is moreover associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy. For this reason, in the past, pregnant women at risk of venous thromboembolism or pregnancyes ...
Masamoto Hitoshi - - 2009
Warfarin-associated fetal hemorrhage is a fatal event. We report the case of a 39-year-old woman who had been taking warfarin for 23 years since undergoing mitral valve replacement. Thereafter, when she was found to be pregnant, the medication was switched to heparin from 6 to 21 weeks of gestation. Following ...
Rautou Pierre-Emmanuel - - 2009
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) mainly affects women of childbearing age. We aimed to clarify whether pregnancy, a thrombotic risk factor, should be contraindicated in patients with known and treated BCS. A retrospective study of pregnancy in women with known and treated BCS. Sixteen women had 24 pregnancies. Nine women had undergone ...
Jivraj S - - 2009
We compared the outcome of 25 untreated pregnancies among women with recurrent miscarriage (RM) at <12 weeks' gestation who were heterozygous for factor V Leiden with women with unexplained RM. The livebirth rate was lower among pregnancies in carriers of factor V Leiden (12/25; 48%) compared with pregnancies in women ...
Villa-Forte Gomes Marcelo P - - 2009
Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) appear to be as safe and effective as unfractionated heparin (UFH) for venous thromboembolic disease (VTED) treatment or prophylaxis during pregnancy. Experience with other parenteral anticoagulant drugs is very limited, and no alternative oral anticoagulants are available to date. In addition to cost, challenges of ...
Raju Nina - - 2009
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and approximately half of all pregnancy-related VTEs are associated with thrombophilia. Recent studies suggest that there is a link between thrombophilia and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as fetal loss, preeclampsia, placental abruption and intrauterine growth restriction. However, the ...
Jaslow Carolyn R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the frequency of abnormal results for evidence-based diagnostic tests differed among women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) based on the number of prior losses (n = 2, 3, or > or =4) and to determine whether abnormal results for additional investigative diagnostic tests differed in prevalence ...
Pahade Jay K - - 2009
Pregnancy is associated with a fivefold increase in the prevalence of venous thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism is a leading cause of maternal death. However, the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism during pregnancy is challenging because classic clinical symptoms are often absent and physiologic changes during pregnancy can mimic pulmonary embolism. Concerns ...
Helms Ann K - - 2009
Current recommendations for stroke prevention during early pregnancy in women with a prior stroke history are based on limited evidence. In view of the uncertainty involved in balancing the fetal risk of medication against the maternal risk of recurrent stroke, a substantial variation in clinical decision making was anticipated. Thus, ...
Laskin Carl A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare live birth rates in women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and either autoantibodies or a coagulation abnormality, treated with low molecular weight heparin plus aspirin (LMWH/ASA) or ASA alone, and to place our results in context with other randomized clinical trials (RCT) with similar cohorts. METHODS: The ...
Gibson Paul S - - 2009
Prescribing anticoagulants to pregnant women can be difficult and stressful. Fortunately, low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) and unfractionated heparin are quite safe and efficacious when properly selected, dosed, and monitored. Maternal and fetal concerns must be considered at all times, with a careful assessment of the risks and benefits of anticoagulant therapy ...
Forsnes Evan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous epidural hematoma of the spine occurring in pregnancy is uncommon and may result in permanent damage if not promptly treated. The use of low molecular weight heparin may be a risk factor for this condition. CASE: We describe the case of a woman who presented at 27 weeks ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >