Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1364
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Mateus Julio - - 2011
Cervical cerclage is associated with prolongation of gestation in singleton pregnancies with prior spontaneous preterm delivery and a short cervix on vaginal ultrasonography in the mid-trimester. Ultrasound screening of cervical length is not indicated in low-risk singleton pregnancies and in women with multiple gestations. 17α-Hydroxyprogesterone does not prevent preterm delivery ...
Linskens Ingeborg H - - 2011
Objective: Routine obstetric ultrasound increasingly leads to the detection of structural fetal anomalies. In twin pregnancies with one anomalous twin, counseling on management strategies is complicated. Patients and methods: Twin pregnancies (n = 212) were referred to a tertiary center between January 2007 and July 2009. In a retrospective analysis, ...
Morin Lucie - - 2011
Objective: To review the literature with respect to the use of diagnostic ultrasound in the management of twin pregnancies. To make recommendations for the best use of ultrasound in twin pregnancies. Outcomes: Reduction in perinatal mortality and morbidity and short- and long-term neonatal morbidity in twin pregnancies. Optimization of ultrasound ...
Pires Sílvia - - 2011
In twin pregnancy studies, molecular genetic techniques have rarely been used to determine zygosity, despite their known precision and accuracy. The present work aimed to assess the power of discrimination in zygosity assessment, using a set of microsatellite markers that were routinely used for aneuploidy screening by multiplex-PCR in a ...
Koski Alissa D - - 2011
The role of physical violence during pregnancy on receipt of prenatal care is poorly understood, particularly for South Asian countries that have high levels of both fertility and domestic violence. Data from the 1998/1999 Indian National Family Health Survey and a 2002/2003 follow-up survey that re-interviewed women in four states ...
Nakayama Soichiro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of twin pregnancy on calcium metabolism, including bone turnover markers and calcium-regulating factors, by comparison between singleton pregnancy and twin pregnancy in women during pregnancy and puerperium in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. METHODS: Women with singleton and twin pregnancies ...
Breathnach Fionnuala M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to establish predictors of vaginal twin birth and evaluate perinatal morbidity according to mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: One thousand twenty-eight twin pregnancies were prospectively recruited. For this prespecified secondary analysis, obstetric characteristics and a composite of adverse perinatal outcome were compared according ...
Jahangiri Farnaz - - 2011
The study objective is to compare the prevalence of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) in singleton and twin gestations conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF), and to analyze the impact of associated psychological factors. A cohort study on 45 singleton and 12 twin gestations was conducted at an academic practice. ...
Hack Kea - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Hack K, Derks J, Elias S, van Mameren F, Koopman-Esseboom C, Mol B, Lopriore E, Schaap A, Arabin B, Duvekot J, Go A, Wieselmann E, Eggink A, Willekes C, Vandenbussche F, Visser G. Perinatal mortality and mode of delivery in monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies ≥32 weeks ...
Papaioannou George I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to predict the outcome of dichorionic (DC) twin pregnancies at 6-10 weeks' gestation from intertwin discordance in crown-rump length (CRL), heart rate (HR), and gestational sac diameter (GSD). STUDY DESIGN: Intertwin discordance in CRL, HR, and GSD, was compared in 3 groups of ...
Takae Seido - - 2011
Conjoined twinning is a unique complication of monochorionic pregnancy. This report describes the clinical findings in two cases of conjoined twins, and discusses their management. One case involved thoracopagus complicating a triplet pregnancy, and the other involved cephalothoracopagus, in which the outcome was intrauterine fetal death due to abruptio placentae ...
Fugelseth Drude - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia and diabetic pregnancies share pathophysiological features suggested to influence epigenetic changes during foetal life with importance for later development and metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. AIM: Our objective was to study the myocardium in offspring after pregnancy complications. METHODS: Forty-five children (age 5-8years) delivered from pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia ...
El-Deeb Mohammed - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to review the available information on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of acute coronary syndromes (ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI]) during all stages of pregnancy. We searched the English-language literature indexed in MEDLINE, Scopus and EBSCO host research databases ...
Anedda Sandra - - 2011
We report our experience with selective LDL-apheresis in two women affected by autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia and heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia respectively, during pregnancy. To date only a few cases have been reported, because of the rarity of pregnancy in these patients and a hesitation of physicians to perform extracorporeal treatment. One ...
Pun K D - - 2011
Background Adolescence Pregnancy is a social problem worldwide with serious implication of maternal and child health. This study purposed to compare the maternal and neonatal outcome of the teenage mothers (15- 19 years) with that of the young mothers (20-24 years) to determine if adolescent pregnancies have increased risk of ...
Knippen Maureen A - - 2011
Microchimerism is defined as the presence of two genetically distinct cell populations in the same individual. It can arise from several causes including the bidirectional transfer of cells between mother and fetus during pregnancy, twin-to-twin transfer in utero, from organ transplantation, and blood transfusion. Recently, scientists have found male fetal ...
Amui J - - 2011
To show that even a twin pregnancy is possible following embryo transfer despite a very thin endometrium. Two embryos derived from donor oocytes were transferred into a 47-year-old woman despite a peak endometrial thickness of 4 mm. She delivered viable dichorionic twins at 30 weeks in a pregnancy complicated by ...
Lazarus John H - - 2011
There is a high incidence of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy resulting in adverse maternal (miscarriages, anaemia in pregnancy, preeclampsia, abruptio placenta and post-partum haemorrhage) and fetal effects (premature birth, low birth weight, increased neonatal respiratory distress) which may justify screening for thyroid function during early pregnancy with interventional levothyroxine therapy ...
Kosar Ali - - 2011
Inherited thrombophilia may cause important complications in pregnancies including maternal death, early and late pregnancy loss, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction and placental abruption. This study was developed to investigate the fetal loss and successful birth rates in hereditary thrombophilic patients treated with low-dose acetylsalicylic acid and low molecular weight heparin ...
Löllgen Ruth M - - 2011
Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) has been observed after fetal exposure to the antithyroid drug methimazole (MMI), but not reported after propylthiouracil (PTU), the current antithyroid drug of choice during pregnancy. This occurrence has implications for patient information and causal research. We describe a surviving term co-twin to a mother with ...
Adlan Mohamed A - - 2011
Postpartum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD) is a common disorder which causes considerable morbidity in affected women. The availability of effective treatment for hypothyroid PPTD, the occurrence of the disease in subsequent pregnancies and the need to identify subjects who develop long term hypothyroidism, has prompted discussion about screening for this disorder. ...
Obiechina Nj - - 2011
Twin pregnancy is associated with more pregnancy complications and poorer pregnancy outcome than singleton pregnancy. Hence periodic review is necessary to improve on the pregnancy outcome. To determine the incidence and compare pregnancy complications and obstetric outcomes of twin pregnancies and singleton pregnancies. The twin pregnancies (study group) that were ...
Jo Yun Sung - - 2011
A 29-year-old pregnant woman with parity 0-0-0-0 was diagnosed with monoamniotic twin pregnancy discordant for anencephaly at 14 weeks gestation. Umbilical cord entanglement, which is an important cause of fetal death in monoamniotic twins, was confirmed by three-dimensional ultrasound. Cesarean section was performed at 34 weeks of gestation, and the ...
van Beijsterveldt Catharina E M - - 2011
In a large set of twin pairs, we compared twins born after IVF to naturally conceived twins with respect to birth characteristics, growth, attainment of motor milestones, and emotional and behavioral problems. Twin families were registered with the Netherlands Twin Register. We included 1534 dizygotic (DZ) twins born after IVF, ...
Kwon Ji Young - - 2011
To compare umbilical arterial gas parameters in the second twin of twin pregnancies according to the mode of delivery. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of twin deliveries after 34 weeks of gestation for 3 years. Excluding the cases which underwent emergency cesarean delivery during trial of labor, a total ...
Adler Stuart P - - 2011
The epidemiology and pathogenesis of CMV infections among pregnant women have been intensely studied over the last three decades. This paper highlights recent developments that make either universal or limited serologic screening for CMV during pregnancy potentially attractive. The developments include an understanding of the pathogenesis of CMV infections, a ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2011
The optimal mode of birth for a second twin in breech position is controversial, with support for both caesarean and vaginal birth. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of caesarean birth compared with vaginal birth of a second twin not presenting cephalically. The Cochrane Pregnancy and ...
Jelin Eric B - - 2011
Monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies are associated with significantly higher morbidity and mortality rates than dichorionic twins. Approximately 50% of MC twin pregnancies develop complications arising from the shared placenta and associated vascular connections. Severe twin-to-twin syndrome (TTTS) is reported to account for approximately 20% of these complications. Inter-twin vascular connections ...
Hofmeyr G Justus GJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East London Hospital Complex, University of the Witwatersrand, University of Fort Hare, Eastern Cape Department of Health, Frere and Cecilia Makiwane Hospitals, Private Bag X 9047, East London, Eastern Cape, South Africa, - - 2011
Twin pregnancies are associated with increased perinatal mortality, mainly related to prematurity, but complications during birth may contribute to perinatal loss or morbidity. The option of planned caesarean section to avoid such complications must therefore be considered. On the other hand, randomised trials of other clinical interventions in the birth ...
Christopher Diane - - 2011
Approximately 50% of twin pregnancies deliver preterm, and major complications associated with prematurity include respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular hemorrhage, and sepsis. These complications drive the perinatal mortality rate of twins to seven times that of singletons. Although delivery may take place due to iatrogenic or spontaneous etiologies-no matter ...
Marik Paul E - - 2010
In Western nations, venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important cause of morbidity and the most common cause of maternal death during pregnancy and the puerperium. Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state in which coagulation is activated and thrombolysis inhibited. This prothrombotic risk is compounded when hereditary and acquired thrombophilias and other ...
Gaither Kecia - - 2011
Agenesis of the ductus arteriosus is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly which should be considered within the differntial prenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis.
Tang Ai-Wei - - 2010
To provide an overview of the latest views and evidence available to clinicians managing couples with recurrent early pregnancy loss (RPL). RPL is a heterogeneous condition associated with many pathologies, none of which is found in more than 50% of couples after routine investigations. The recommended treatment of low-dose aspirin ...
Osmana─čao─člu Mehmet A - - 2011
Objective. Conjoined twin is a rarely seen congenital anomaly together with severe mortality and morbidity. The more common types of conjoined twins include the thoracopagus type, where the fusion is anterior, at the chest, and involves the heart. We are reporting one case of conjoined thoracopagus twins diagnosed by ultrasonography ...
Klai Sarra - - 2011
Aims: Our objectives were to assess inherited thrombophilia and non-O blood group for the risk of gestational vascular complications among the Tunisian population. Methods: This study comprised 203 test subjects with adverse pregnancy outcomes including recurrent pregnancy loss, intra-uterine growth retardation, pre-eclampsia and placental abruption. Each subgroup was matched with ...
Grandone Elvira - - 2010
Knowledge about risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is still limited. A recently found haplotype within the natural anticoagulant protein annexin A5 (ANXA5) exerts an important modulating effect on gene expression. Eighty-three nonanticoagulated patients with a documented pregnancy-related VTE and 195 controls were investigated. The presence of the ANXA5 haplotypes ...
Jacobsen A F - - 2010
Background:  Pregnancy is associated with a 10-fold increased risk of venous thrombosis (VT), with different risk profiles for the antenatal and postnatal periods. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of pregnancy-related VT associated with the factor (F)V Leiden and prothrombin gene G20210A polymorphisms. Materials and Methods:  The ...
Kjellberg Ulla - - 2010
The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of the factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation and its association with obstetric complications, blood loss during delivery, and venous thromboembolism (VTE). This was a prospective, observational, case-cohort study of 491 FVL carriers and 1055 controls derived from 6003 screened women. ...
Lund M - - 2010
The association among hereditary thrombophilia, recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and obstetric complications is yet uncertain. The objective of the study was to assess the prognostic value of the factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin (PT) mutations for the subsequent chance of live birth for women with RPL. Pregnancy outcome was ...
Muhammad Taj - - 2010
Intrauterine growth restriction is a major neonatal health issue. Maternal factors have been found to have greater impact on IUGR. Studying these factors can help in reducing the mortality and morbidity associated with IUGR. This Case-control study was conducted at the department of Paediatrics Post-graduate medical institute Lady Reading Hospital ...
Sabih D - - 2010
The authors report a case of a cephalopagus conjoined twin that was diagnosed at 29 weeks of gestation despite the mother having had two ultrasounds done previously. The fetus had one head and face, fused thoraces, common umbilicus but had two pelvises and two sets of genitalia. The fetus had ...
Rajcan-Separovic E - - 2010
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), defined as two or more miscarriages, affects 3-5% of couples trying to establish a family. Despite extensive evaluation, no factor is identified in ∼40% of cases. In this study, we investigated the possibility that submicroscopic chromosomal changes, not detectable by conventional cytogenetic analysis, exist in miscarriages ...
Carbone Jeanine F - - 2010
A thrombophilia is defined as a disorder of hemostasis that predisposes a person to a thrombotic event. Data suggest that at least 50% of cases of venous thromboembolism in pregnant women are associated with an inherited or acquired thrombophilia, which can lead to an increased risk of maternal thromboembolism and ...
Kumar Rajesh - - 2010
A number of studies have linked obesity with asthma in adults and children. Few longitudinal studies have evaluated the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy obesity on either asthma or early childhood respiratory morbidity, and these have not been in urban, nonwhite populations. We sought to determine whether pre-pregnancy obesity was associated ...
Benedetto Chiara - - 2010
Both acquired and inherited thrombophilias are associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) as well as with adverse pregnancy outcome. However, the extension of attributable risk for each thrombophilia and outcome is still a question of debate. Thrombophilias have been investigated in connection with VTE and pregnancy ...
O'Connor David J - - 2011
To evaluate the incidence and characteristics of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) associated with pregnancy in a contemporary patient series. We performed a retrospective review of 33,311 deliveries between June 2003 and June 2008. Patients with objective documentation of a VTE during pregnancy or the 3-month postnatal period were identified from ...
Hajj-Chahine Jamil - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy is associated with a high fetal and maternal mortality. We report a successful pulmonary embolectomy in a woman at the 27th week of pregnancy; we performed surgical pulmonary embolectomy under cardiopulmonary bypass to restore adequate hemodynamic stability and to relieve right ventricle strain. We discuss the ...
Anderson Julia A M - - 2010
Hypercoagulable states can be inherited or acquired. Inherited hypercoagulable states can be caused by a loss of function of natural anticoagulant pathways or a gain of function in procoagulant pathways. Acquired hypercoagulable risk factors include a prior history of thrombosis, obesity, pregnancy, cancer and its treatment, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, heparin-induced ...
Ogishima Hiroshi - - 2010
A case of a 37-year-old pregnant patient with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), who has a medical history of both thrombosis and recurrent fetal loss, is presented. She was treated with predonisolone and fixed-dose unfractionated heparin (UFH) infusion, followed by plasmaphereses and fixed-dose low-molecular-weight heparin infusion during her fourth pregnancy. Unfortunately, this ...
Kenny R - - 2011
Sudden hearing loss directly associated with pregnancy or birth is a little known and rare occurrence. The temporary, unilateral, low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss in this case was reported after the birth of the patient's first child, and again during the third trimester of her second pregnancy. This paper discusses the ...
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