Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1422
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Neilson James P - - 2012
Hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably the relation of the PR to RR intervals, and elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ECG during labour as an adjunct to continuous electronic fetal ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2012
Abdominal decompression was developed as a means of pain relief during labour. It has also been used for complications of pregnancy, and in healthy pregnant women in an attempt to improve fetal wellbeing and intellectual development. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of prophylactic abdominal decompression ...
Glujovsky Demián - - 2012
Advances in cell culture media have led to a shift in in vitro fertilization (IVF) practice from early cleavage embryo transfer to blastocyst stage transfer. The rationale for blastocyst culture is to improve both uterine and embryonic synchronicity and enable self selection of viable embryos thus resulting in higher implantation ...
Neilson James P - - 2012
Biochemical tests of placental or feto-placental function were widely used in the 1960s and 1970s in high-risk pregnancies to try to predict, and thus try to avoid, adverse fetal outcome. To assess the effects of performing biochemical tests of placental function in high-risk, low-risk, or unselected pregnancies. We searched the ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2012
Decreased fetal movements (DFM) are associated with fetal growth restriction and stillbirth, presumably linked through an underlying placental dysfunction. Yet, the role of placental pathology has received limited attention in DFM studies. Our main objective was to explore whether maternal perceptions of DFM were associated with placental pathology in pregnancies ...
Stoop Dominic - - 2012
To investigate the obstetrical and perinatal impact of oocyte donation, a cohort of women who conceived after OD was compared with a matched control group of women who became pregnant through in vitro fertilisation with autologous oocytes (AO). A matched-pair analysis has been performed at the Centre for Reproductive Medicine ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2012
We here report the first investigation of exclusively elective in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in women with no apparent history of infertility. Since IVF outcome in women with infertility are always influenced by underlying causes of infertility, a study on non-infertile women may offer new insights. We investigated 88 females ...
Erez Offer - - 2012
To determine whether patients with placenta previa who delivered preterm have an increased risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. This retrospective population based cohort study included patients who delivered after a primary cesarean section (n = 9983). The rate of placenta previa, its recurrence, and the risk for recurrent preterm ...
Bhattacharya Sohinee - - 2012
We aimed to compare reproductive outcomes following ectopic pregnancy (EP) versus livebirth, miscarriage, or termination in a first pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study design was used. Scottish national data on all women whose first pregnancy occurred between 1981 and 2000 were linked to records of a subsequent pregnancy. The exposed ...
Dutton Philip J - - 2012
Maternal perception of reduced fetal movement (RFM) is associated with increased risk of stillbirth and fetal growth restriction (FGR). RFM is thought to represent fetal compensation to conserve energy due to insufficient oxygen and nutrient transfer resulting from placental insufficiency. To identify predictors of poor perinatal outcome after maternal perception ...
Bhattacharya Siladitya S Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2012
To investigate reproductive outcomes in women following induced abortion (IA). Retrospective cohort study. Hospital admissions between 1981 and 2007 in Scotland. Data were extracted on all women who had an IA, a miscarriage or a live birth from the Scottish Morbidity Records. A total of 120 033, 457 477 and 47 355 women ...
Morris R K RK Research Section of Reproduction, Genes and Development, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2012
To determine the diagnostic accuracy of two "spot urine" tests for significant proteinuria or adverse pregnancy outcome in pregnant women with suspected pre-eclampsia. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Searches of electronic databases 1980 to January 2011, reference list checking, hand searching of journals, and contact with experts. Diagnostic studies, in pregnant ...
Peña-Rosas Juan Pablo JP Evidence and Programme Guidance, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, Geneva,Switzerland. - - 2012
Anaemia is a frequent condition during pregnancy, particularly among women from developing countries who have insufficient iron intake to meet increased iron needs of both the mother and the fetus.Traditionally, gestational anaemia has been prevented with the provision of daily iron supplements throughout pregnancy, but adherence to this regimen due ...
Grivell Rosalie M RM Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, Australia. - - 2012
Policies and protocols for fetal surveillance in the pregnancy where impaired fetal growth is suspected vary widely, with numerous combinations of different surveillance methods. To assess the effects of antenatal fetal surveillance regimens on important perinatal and maternal outcomes. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (29 ...
Dodd Jodie M JM School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide,Australia. - - 2012
Regular antenatal care for women with a multiple pregnancy is accepted practice, and while most women have an increase in the number of antenatal visits, there is no consensus as to what constitutes optimal care. 'Specialised' antenatal clinics have been advocated as a way of improving outcomes for women and ...
Aricha-Tamir Barak - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be associated with increased adverse pregnancy outcomes. Weight reduction improves maternal health status and reduces the risk of pregnancy complications, as well as long-term consequences. Our objective was to compare the pregnancy outcomes of the same women who delivered before and after ...
Gunderson Erica P EP Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. - - 2012
Primiparity has been associated with 3 to 4 mg/dL lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in black and white adult women that persist several years after delivery. To examine the lasting effects of adolescent pregnancy on blood lipids, an early risk factor for future cardiometabolic diseases. The National Heart Lung and ...
Hancock S N - - 2012
Size at birth is related to adult health outcomes. Twins are born smaller than singletons; this has been assumed to be secondary to limited nutrient supply in late gestation.We hypothesised that growth trajectory in twins, and the adult consequences of being conceived a twin, are determined in early gestation. Twin ...
Kawachiya Satoshi - - 2011
A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a private infertility centre to evaluate the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) in natural-cycle IVF (nIVF) treatment. A total of 1865 first-rank nIVF cycles performed during 2009-2010 were evaluated. Low-dose, post-trigger NSAID was administered in a non-randomized way in cycles at higher ...
Lanna Mariano M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To review the experience with selective feticide with bipolar cord coagulation (BCC) in complicated monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies at a single center. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of BCC performed by 3-mm bipolar forceps under ultrasound control in cases complicated by twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, selective growth restriction, discordant anomaly or twin ...
Dickey Richard P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of preterm birth of singleton and twin pregnancies conceived by vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using 2006-2008 data from the Society for Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System (SART CORS). SETTING: SART-associated ...
Hickerton Chriselle L - - 2011
The availability of tests to detect genetic conditions prenatally has expanded considerably in recent decades. These advances allow women and couples choices; the choice of whether or not to undergo prenatal screening or diagnosis and therefore the choice whether to continue or terminate a pregnancy. Following prenatal testing many people ...
Killen S A S - - 2011
Congenital complete heart block associated with transplacental passage of maternal autoantibodies reactive with SSA/Ro and SSB/La is a rare disease with significant fetal, neonatal, and childhood morbidity and mortality. We present the case of dichorionic, diamniotic twins (female twin A and male twin B) exposed to maternal Ro and La ...
Pineda Carol - - 2011
This is the first reported case of maternal sepsis and placental transmission of Candida kefyr to premature fraternal twins. The mother consumed organic dairy products regularly throughout her pregnancy and developed sepsis with chorioamnionitis by C. kefyr. The twins developed espiratory distress at birth. The placenta, fetal membranes and umbilical ...
Le Cleac'h N - - 2011
Since the first success in sheep, the production of viable cloned offspring by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is still doomed by a high incidence of pregnancy failure. In cattle, most gestation losses initially take place during the peri-implantation period. Then, abnormal placentation associated with fetal overgrowth (abnormal offspring syndrome) ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2011
Conjoined twinning occurs in 1 in 100 sets of monozygotic twins, 1 in 50,000 gestations or 1 in 250,000 live births. With the advent of ultrasound technology, prenatal diagnosis of conjoined twins is possible. This article provides a comprehensive review of conjoined twins detected in the first trimester including fetal ...
Kwon Ji Young - - 2011
The purpose of the current study was to propose a Korean-specific parameter set for calculating the risk of Down syndrome in the second trimester of pregnancy and to determine the screening performances of triple and quadruple tests in Korean women. Using the data on triple or quadruple screening from three ...
Sánchez O - - 2011
BACKGROUNDThe risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) increases in twin pregnancies, especially when assisted reproduction technologies (ART) are used. The aim of this study was to assess angiogenic/anti-angiogenic factors in maternal serum in the first trimester of twin pregnancies and establish if the mode of conception influences angiogenic status.METHODSThis prospective study enrolled ...
Giwnewer Uriel - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine whether intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) of one twin of Diamnionic twins after 22 weeks gestation is associated with adverse perinatal outcome to the co-twin. Method: A retrospective case-control study (n=4070) including all twin births delivered between the years 1988-2010, was conducted. Perinatal outcome of the co-twin ...
Tul Nata A - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To examine the population-based trend for cesarean births in twin pregnancies for the last 13 years in Slovenia, and to find correlates for this trend. Methods: We evaluated data from the Slovenian national perinatal information system (NPIS) of all twin pairs born at ?24 weeks during the period ...
Linduska Nina - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a severe complication of monochorionic pregnancies. Placental hydrops might be a marker for TTTS. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether differences in the placental parenchyma due to TTTS can be seen with fetal MRI. Methods: In a retrospective study, 34 ...
Lo Amy A - - 2011
Abstract In utero fetal lung infarction has rarely been reported. We present a case of intrauterine lung infarction in a 28 3/7ths week gestation monochorionic twin following intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) of the co-twin at 20 weeks. This case highlights the potential for thromboembolic events (TBE) associated with monochorionic gestations ...
Ata B - - 2011
To assess the obstetric outcome of IVF triplets which are spontaneously or electively reduced to twins. Retrospective study of trichorionic triplets (TT) and dichorionic twins (DT) conceived with IVF. Compared to TT without reduction, TT with spontaneous reduction (SR) (OR: 5.6, 95% CI: 1.6-19.9) or elective reduction (ER) (OR: 14.0, ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2011
: To estimate pregnancy outcomes in twin pregnancies with excessive weight gain, according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations. : A retrospective cohort of 170 patients from a single practice with twin pregnancies at 37 weeks or more of gestation from 2005 to 2010 were analyzed. We compared ...
Nayeri Unzila A - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to investigate whether poor perinatal outcomes are more common in twins with abnormal umbilical artery Doppler velocimetric findings than in their siblings with normal findings. Methods- A matched-pair cohort analysis of twin pregnancies with discordant umbilical artery Doppler velocimetric findings (one normal and ...
Vink Joy J Department of OB/GYN, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 347-880-2492 USA. - - 2012
Using published data, we sought to determine the amniocentesis-related loss rate in twin gestations. We searched the PUBMED database using keywords "amniocentesis", "twin" and "twins" to identify articles evaluating genetic amniocentesis in twin gestations published from January 1970 to December 2010. Random effects models were used to pool procedure-related loss ...
Gao Yu - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the high-risk factors and perinatal outcome in selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) and non-selective IUGR (non-sIUGR) in twins. METHODS: In total, 336 pairs of twins were enrolled from December 2003 to 2009. According to the birth weight, 295 pairs of twins were divided into sIUGR, non-sIUGR and ...
Morikawa Mamoru - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Which physical findings and blood parameters predict postpartum hypertension remain to be studied in women with twin pregnancies. Methods: The antenatal systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively), and 16 laboratory variables were investigated in 150 normotensive women who gave birth to twins. Results: When the ...
Ben-Ami I - - 2011
BACKGROUNDThe incidence rates of anterior neural tube defects, anencephaly and encephalocele appear increased among twins compared with singletons. The current study aimed to evaluate whether the etiology of this phenomenon is related to twinning, assisted reproductive technology (ART), or both.METHODSThe study cohort consisted of parturient women who were referred to ...
Riggs Kevin R - - 2011
Thymectomy is standard therapy fornonthymomatousmyasthenia gravis despite the absence of randomized clinical trials (1). Myasthenia gravis is uncommonly reported in monozygous twins; disease concordance occurs in approximately one third of such identical twin pairs; and treatment for myasthenia gravis, when described,is usually concordant in identical twin pairs (2). To report ...
Wang Chao-Nin - - 2011
Multiple pregnancies are thought to be associated with a high incidence of perinatal complications such as preterm labor, preeclampsia and low birth weight. But the true mechanisms of these obstetric complications are still uncertain. The components of amniotic fluid reflect the pathophysiology features of the fetus. Amniotic fluid soluble fms-like ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2011
Conjoined twins are rare, but craniopagus conjoined twins are rarer still. A pair of four-year-old craniopagus female twins with an unusual brain structure may offer new clues as to how the brain functions. This overview is followed by reviews of recent twin research on mothers of twins, twin transfusion syndrome, ...
Hillman Sarah C - - 2011
: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects on the surviving twin of single fetal death comparing monochorionic to dichorionic twins to report the rates of co-twin death, preterm delivery, and neurologic morbidity in the surviving fetus. : MEDLINE (inception-December 2010), EMBASE (inception-December 2010), The Cochrane library ...
Newman Roger B - - 2011
In this work we review the indications for late preterm and early-term birth in uncomplicated dichorionic, monochorionic, and monoamniotic twin gestations. Uncomplicated dichorionic twins have optimal outcomes when delivered at 38 weeks' gestation. Monochorionic twins, however, are at greater risk for unexpected stillbirth, and a management plan of late preterm ...
Bonacquisto Leonard - - 2011
Antenatal screening is performed in the first or second trimester to determine whether a pregnant woman's baby has an increased risk of having Down syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality affecting one in 500 pregnancies), Edward syndrome (one in 3000) or open neural tube defects (one in 750). First trimester screening combines ...
Weisz Boaz - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of MC twins with selective IUGR (sIUGR). Study design: A prospective study, which included three groups of MC twins: Group A, uncomplicated MC twin pregnancies (n = 91); group B, sIUGR with normal umbilical artery Doppler (n = 19); and group C, sIUGR with ...
Frisch L - - 2011
A 29-year-old healthy woman at 10 weeks gestation was suspected for monoamniotic twin pregnancy, thus referred for evaluation and treatment. Ultrasound examination confirmed intrauterine monoamniotic twin gestation with central insertion of both umbilical cords by brief conjoined part (9 mm) - comprising a forked umbilical cord. Early diagnosis, planned prenatal care ...
Burger Barend V - - 2011
The strong bond between ewe and lamb formed shortly after parturition is an important factor in lamb survival. Evidence exists that a ewe can distinguish her lamb by its unique smell, but the constituents of such a putative olfactory cue have not yet been identified. We have now identified 133 ...
Farah Nadine - - 2011
A retrospective cohort study was carried out in a university teaching hospital to determine the prospective risk of unexpected fetal death in uncomplicated monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies after viability. All MCDA twins delivered at or after 24 weeks gestation from July 1999 to July 2007 were included. Pregnancies with ...
Seib Charrlotte A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: this study examined the clinical utility and precision of routine screening for alcohol and other drug use among women attending a public antenatal service. STUDY DESIGN: a survey of clients and audit of clinical charts. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: clients attending an antenatal clinic of a large tertiary hospital in ...
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