Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1362
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Mawhinney E E Department of Neurology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BA, United - - 2012
Use of valproate in pregnancy, especially in doses over 1000mg a day, is known to be associated with a higher risk for major congenital malformations compared with other antiepileptic drugs. We sought to investigate whether the increased risk could be minimised by using controlled release or divided daily doses of ...
Nørgaard Lone N - - 2012
Objective. To describe the incidence of placenta previa and to assess neonatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies with placenta previa after adjustment for previous cesarean section, smoking, multiparity, maternal age and in-vitro fertilization. Design. National cohort study. Setting. Danish national IVF-, birth- and patient registers. Population. All pregnancies in Denmark ...
Jou Hei-Jen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors for blood transfusion in pregnancy. METHODS: In a population-based study, data from all women with singleton pregnancies (n=225 304) admitted for delivery in Taiwanese hospitals in 2002 were obtained from the National Health Insurance claims database. To identify risk factors for blood transfusion, a logistic ...
Deshpande Neha A - - 2012
Approximately 14,000 women of reproductive age in the US are currently living after liver transplantation (LT), and another 500 undergo LT each year. Although LT improves reproductive function in women with advanced liver disease, the associated pregnancy outcomes and maternal-fetal risks have not been quantified in a broad manner. To ...
Ribeiro Renata Lopes - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To identify potential associations between fetal surveillance tests and acidosis at birth in pregnancies with abnormal but positive end-diastolic velocity in the umbilical artery. Methods: A prospective case-control study [group 1: pH < 7.2; group 2: pH ≥ 7.2] including 46 fetuses with abnormal but positive end-diastolic velocity ...
Takacs Peter P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, USA. - - 2012
To measure and compare placental mRNA expression in the maternal circulation among women with intrauterine and ectopic pregnancies. Plasma was collected from patients in early pregnancy at risk of ectopic pregnancy. Clinical information was prospectively collected and entered into a dedicated database. mRNA was isolated from maternal plasma and quantitative ...
Khalid S - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Khalid S, Dimitriou E, Conroy R, Paraskevaides E, Kyrgiou M, Harrity C, Arbyn M, Prendiville W. The thickness and volume of LLETZ specimens can predict the relative risk of pregnancy-related morbidity. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03252.x. Objective  The aim of this study was to determine if ...
Raatikainen Kaisa - - 2012
BACKGROUNDAdverse obstetric outcomes in pregnancies achieved through assisted reproductive technology (ART) could either be due to the technology or to the underlying subfertility or to both. To address this issue, we compared the pregnancy outcomes of singletons conceived naturally after a long time to pregnancy (TTP) with those of ART ...
Vendittelli Françoise - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether prenatal identification of macrosomia (≥4000g) reduces neonatal complications and maternal perineal lesions during delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This historical cohort study (n=14,684 from the National perinatal database of the Audipog Association, France) included women with cephalic singleton term pregnancies. Among the babies born with macrosomia, we compared ...
Rytter Dorte - - 2012
Studies in experimental animals and human subjects have suggested that intake of n-3 fatty acids in early life can affect cardiovascular risk factors in adult life. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of fish oil (FO) supplementation during the third trimester of pregnancy on ...
Buck Louis Germaine M - - 2012
The effect of heavy metals at environmentally relevant concentrations on couple fecundity has received limited study despite ubiquitous exposure. In 2005-2009, couples (n=501) desiring pregnancy and discontinuing contraception were recruited and asked to complete interviews and to provide blood specimens for the quantification of cadmium (μg L(-1)), lead (μg dL(-1)) ...
Dias Tiran - - 2012
Background: Monochorionic (MC) pregnancies are routinely delivered electively at various late preterm gestations with the aim of avoiding stillbirth at term. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prospective risk of late stillbirth in a large regional cohort of twin pregnancies of known chorionicity. Methods: A retrospective study ...
Erichsen Rune - - 2012
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are increasingly used in reflux disease treatment also among pregnant women. Hypospadias prevalence is increasing and the birth defect is diagnosed in 0.3%-0.8% of male births, but the association with maternal PPI use during pregnancy is virtually unknown. Therefore, we decided to estimate the hypospadias risk ...
Palomaki Glenn E GE Division of Medical Screening and Special Testing, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Women & Infants Hospital, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, - - 2012
To determine whether maternal plasma cell-free DNA sequencing can effectively identify trisomy 18 and 13. Sixty-two pregnancies with trisomy 18 and 12 with trisomy 13 were selected from a cohort of 4,664 pregnancies along with matched euploid controls (including 212 additional Down syndrome and matched controls already reported), and their ...
Santos Fabiano - - 2012
Antidepressant use during the gestational period remains a controversial issue. The objective of this study was to appraise the quality of the available clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) that includes recommendations for antidepressant use during pregnancy. We systematically searched for documents published between January 2000 and September 2010 in MEDLINE / ...
Roberfroid Dominique - - 2012
Prenatal multiple micronutrients (UNIMMAP) improve fetal growth only moderately compared to iron and folic acid alone (IFA). Whether this is due to insufficient amounts of UNIMMAP or to IFA being in reality an active control is unknown. We assessed the association between cumulative micronutrient intake (CMI) and fetal growth by ...
Corrado F - - 2012
To determine the institutional pregnancy complications rate associated with genetic amniocentesis and ascertain whether procedural variables or pre-existing factors may determine an increased risk of having a procedural-related fetal loss, we retrospectively evaluated all the consecutive amniocentesis, with known pregnancy outcome (n = 2990), performed between January 2001 and December ...
Lee Anna J - - 2012
Objectives- We sought to determine the normal sonographically measured placental thickness in millimeters at the second-trimester scan (18 weeks to 22 weeks 6 days) and determine whether the measurement should be adjusted for gestational age and the placental site. Methods- We conducted a cross-sectional observational pilot study involving 114 consecutive ...
Schulz Anna Carina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Isolated esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare congenital malformation whose etiology remains largely unknown. Nine twin pairs with EA were identified from our clinical service, prompting the performance of a systematic review of the literature and the first reported twin study of isolated EA. METHODS: A total of 330 ...
Pandya Pranav - - 2012
Objective: To investigate whether measurement of maternal serum placental growth factor (PLGF) can improve the performance of first-trimester combined screening for trisomy-21 by fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and serum free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) and PAPP-A. Methods: In singleton pregnancies attending for routine care, serum PLGF, free β-hCG and ...
Santos Fabiano - - 2012
Antidepressant use during the gestational period remains a controversial issue. The objective of this study was to appraise the quality of the available clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) that includes recommendations for antidepressant use during pregnancy. We systematically searched for documents published between January 2000 and September 2010 in MEDLINE / ...
Vercellini Paolo - - 2012
The effect of rectovaginal endometriosis on fertility is unclear. Several authors foster radical surgery, including colorectal resection, as a fertility-enhancing procedure. However, interpretation of data is difficult, as the baseline fertility status is often undefined and it is not always possible to discriminate between spontaneous conceptions and those resulting from ...
Ghosh Sanjib Kumar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the combined use of uterine artery Doppler velocimetry (UADV) and estimation of maternal serum placental growth factor (PlGF) levels in early second trimester (20-22 weeks of gestation) in identifying pregnant women at risk of developing pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study on 1104 pregnant ...
Whitehouse Andrew J O - - 2012
Whitehouse AJO, Robinson M, Newnham JP, Pennell CE. Do hypertensive diseases of pregnancy disrupt neurocognitive development in offspring? Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 101-108. The current study sought to determine whether hypertensive diseases of pregnancy (gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia) are associated with neurocognitive outcomes in middle childhood. Participants were ...
Shibuya Yuri - - 2012
To report the world's first case of live monozygotic dichorionic diamniotic (DD) twins after a single vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer in a cycle during which hormone supplements were given. The patient was a 39-year-old woman with tubal factor infertility. Six oocytes were retrieved and three blastocysts were vitrified after insemination with ...
de Villiers S - - 2012
We performed a matched case-control study to analyze the placental angioarchitecture, in particular the diameter of arterio-arterial (AA) anastomoses in monochorionic placentas from pregnancies with spontaneous twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) compared to a control group of uncomplicated monochorionic placentas. Placental angioarchitecture was analyzed using colored dye injection. AA anastomoses were ...
Hoffmann Elise - - 2012
Objective. To assess morbidity and mortality in twin pregnancy deliveries, according to chorionicity and mode of delivery. Design. Population-based retrospective cohort. Setting. 14 obstetric departments in Denmark. Population. 1 175 twin pregnancies with two live fetuses at 36 + 0 weeks of gestation. Methods. Pregnancy outcomes assessed according to chorionicity ...
Kan Anita Sik Yau - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to assess the miscarriage and fetal loss rates of twin pregnancies after amniocentesis. Material and Methods:  The outcome of 140 twin pregnancies that had amniocentesis performed from 1997 to 2006 was reviewed. Results:  Among 140 twin pregnancies with amniocentesis, 35 were excluded (fetuses ...
Begum Ghazala - - 2012
Undernutrition during pregnancy is implicated in the programming of offspring for the development of obesity and diabetes. We hypothesized that maternal programming causes epigenetic changes in fetal hypothalamic pathways regulating metabolism. This study used sheep to examine the effect of moderate maternal undernutrition (60 d before to 30 d after ...
Chitra T - - 2012
Objectives. To measure umbilical coiling index (UCI) postnatally and to study the association of normocoiling, hypocoiling and hypercoiling to maternal and perinatal outcome. Method(s). One thousand antenatal women who went into labour were studied and umbilical coiling index calculated at the time of delivery. UCI was determined by dividing the ...
Lučovnik Miha - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate associated factors for preeclampsia in twin gestations and to compare incidences of pregnancy complications among twin pregnancies with vs. without preeclampsia. Patients and methods: We performed a case-control study using a population dataset of twin pregnancies delivered after 24 weeks of gestation, in Slovenia, between 1997 ...
Kuivasaari-Pirinen Paula - - 2012
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a risk factor for pregnancy, but there have been few studies on the effect of infertility's aetiology. Thus, we have assessed the role of aetiology on IVF pregnancy outcomes in a retrospective cohort study comparing the outcomes of IVF singleton pregnancies with those of spontaneous ...
Breathnach Fionnuala M - - 2012
To determine the optimum timing for planned delivery of uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies. Unselected twin pregnancies were recruited for this prospective cohort study (N=1,028), which was conducted in eight tertiary referral perinatal centers in Ireland. Perinatal mortality and a composite measure of perinatal morbidity (respiratory distress, necrotizing enterocolitis, ...
Persson Martina - - 2012
To assess the risk of perinatal complications in overweight and obese women with and without type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Prospective population-based cohort study. This study was based on data from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry from 1998 to 2007. 3457 T1DM and 764 498 non-diabetic pregnancies were included. T1DM was identified ...
Arya Ravindra - - 2012
Objective. This study evaluated the effect of antenatal music exposure to primigravida healthy mothers on the behaviour of their term appropriate-for-date newborns assessed using Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (BNBAS). Methods. This was a single-centre, randomized, open-label controlled trial. Primigravida mothers aged 19-29 years, free of chronic medical diseases or ...
Jimenez-Solem Espen - - 2012
To analyse the relation between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and major congenital malformations, with focus on malformations of the heart. Register-based retrospective nationwide cohort study, using the Danish Medical Birth Registry. Denmark. Pregnant women in Denmark between 1997 and 2009 and their offspring. For each SSRI, ORs for ...
Rerkasem Kittipan - - 2012
Several studies show that intrauterine nutrition restriction is associated with vascular disease. Animal studies have shown that atherosclerosis can be affected by a constrained intrauterine diet, but this relationship in humans is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal intake during pregnancy and carotid ...
Davanzo Julie - - 2012
To determine the optimum interpregnancy interval (IPI) following a miscarriage. Multivariate analysis of population-based, prospective data from a demographic surveillance system. Pregnancies in Matlab, Bangladesh, between 1977 and 2008. 9214 women with 10 453 pregnancies that ended in a miscarriage and were followed by another pregnancy outcome. Outcome of pregnancy ...
Miró Fernando - - 2012
: To estimate why the live birth rate per implanted embryo is higher in twin than in singleton pregnancies. : Data from 1,159 singleton and 523 dichorionic twin pregnancies, obtained after assisted conception, were included. To account for the higher live birth rate observed in twin pregnancies, two possibilities were ...
Meidahl Petersen Kasper - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between exposure to β-blockers during pregnancy and the risk of being born small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth and perinatal mortality in a nationwide cohort. DESIGN: A population-based retrospective cohort study, using the Danish Fertility Database. The authors identified all pregnant women redeeming a ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2012
The purpose of this paper was to examine the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of preterm singleton pregnancies complicated by placental abruption following preterm premature rupture of membranes (p-PROM) compared with those without p-PROM. We reviewed the obstetric records of 95 singleton deliveries complicated by placental abruption at 22-36 weeks' gestation. ...
Neilson James P - - 2012
Hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably the relation of the PR to RR intervals, and elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ECG during labour as an adjunct to continuous electronic fetal ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2012
Abdominal decompression was developed as a means of pain relief during labour. It has also been used for complications of pregnancy, and in healthy pregnant women in an attempt to improve fetal wellbeing and intellectual development. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of prophylactic abdominal decompression ...
Glujovsky Demián - - 2012
Advances in cell culture media have led to a shift in in vitro fertilization (IVF) practice from early cleavage embryo transfer to blastocyst stage transfer. The rationale for blastocyst culture is to improve both uterine and embryonic synchronicity and enable self selection of viable embryos thus resulting in higher implantation ...
Neilson James P - - 2012
Biochemical tests of placental or feto-placental function were widely used in the 1960s and 1970s in high-risk pregnancies to try to predict, and thus try to avoid, adverse fetal outcome. To assess the effects of performing biochemical tests of placental function in high-risk, low-risk, or unselected pregnancies. We searched the ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2012
Decreased fetal movements (DFM) are associated with fetal growth restriction and stillbirth, presumably linked through an underlying placental dysfunction. Yet, the role of placental pathology has received limited attention in DFM studies. Our main objective was to explore whether maternal perceptions of DFM were associated with placental pathology in pregnancies ...
Stoop Dominic - - 2012
To investigate the obstetrical and perinatal impact of oocyte donation, a cohort of women who conceived after OD was compared with a matched control group of women who became pregnant through in vitro fertilisation with autologous oocytes (AO). A matched-pair analysis has been performed at the Centre for Reproductive Medicine ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2012
We here report the first investigation of exclusively elective in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in women with no apparent history of infertility. Since IVF outcome in women with infertility are always influenced by underlying causes of infertility, a study on non-infertile women may offer new insights. We investigated 88 females ...
Erez Offer - - 2012
To determine whether patients with placenta previa who delivered preterm have an increased risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. This retrospective population based cohort study included patients who delivered after a primary cesarean section (n = 9983). The rate of placenta previa, its recurrence, and the risk for recurrent preterm ...
Bhattacharya Sohinee - - 2012
We aimed to compare reproductive outcomes following ectopic pregnancy (EP) versus livebirth, miscarriage, or termination in a first pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study design was used. Scottish national data on all women whose first pregnancy occurred between 1981 and 2000 were linked to records of a subsequent pregnancy. The exposed ...
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