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Vercellini Paolo - - 2012
The effect of rectovaginal endometriosis on fertility is unclear. Several authors foster radical surgery, including colorectal resection, as a fertility-enhancing procedure. However, interpretation of data is difficult, as the baseline fertility status is often undefined and it is not always possible to discriminate between spontaneous conceptions and those resulting from ...
Ghosh Sanjib Kumar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the combined use of uterine artery Doppler velocimetry (UADV) and estimation of maternal serum placental growth factor (PlGF) levels in early second trimester (20-22 weeks of gestation) in identifying pregnant women at risk of developing pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study on 1104 pregnant ...
Whitehouse Andrew J O - - 2012
Whitehouse AJO, Robinson M, Newnham JP, Pennell CE. Do hypertensive diseases of pregnancy disrupt neurocognitive development in offspring? Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 101-108. The current study sought to determine whether hypertensive diseases of pregnancy (gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia) are associated with neurocognitive outcomes in middle childhood. Participants were ...
Shibuya Yuri - - 2012
To report the world's first case of live monozygotic dichorionic diamniotic (DD) twins after a single vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer in a cycle during which hormone supplements were given. The patient was a 39-year-old woman with tubal factor infertility. Six oocytes were retrieved and three blastocysts were vitrified after insemination with ...
de Villiers S - - 2012
We performed a matched case-control study to analyze the placental angioarchitecture, in particular the diameter of arterio-arterial (AA) anastomoses in monochorionic placentas from pregnancies with spontaneous twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) compared to a control group of uncomplicated monochorionic placentas. Placental angioarchitecture was analyzed using colored dye injection. AA anastomoses were ...
Hoffmann Elise - - 2012
Objective. To assess morbidity and mortality in twin pregnancy deliveries, according to chorionicity and mode of delivery. Design. Population-based retrospective cohort. Setting. 14 obstetric departments in Denmark. Population. 1 175 twin pregnancies with two live fetuses at 36 + 0 weeks of gestation. Methods. Pregnancy outcomes assessed according to chorionicity ...
Kan Anita Sik Yau - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to assess the miscarriage and fetal loss rates of twin pregnancies after amniocentesis. Material and Methods:  The outcome of 140 twin pregnancies that had amniocentesis performed from 1997 to 2006 was reviewed. Results:  Among 140 twin pregnancies with amniocentesis, 35 were excluded (fetuses ...
Begum Ghazala - - 2012
Undernutrition during pregnancy is implicated in the programming of offspring for the development of obesity and diabetes. We hypothesized that maternal programming causes epigenetic changes in fetal hypothalamic pathways regulating metabolism. This study used sheep to examine the effect of moderate maternal undernutrition (60 d before to 30 d after ...
Chitra T - - 2012
Objectives. To measure umbilical coiling index (UCI) postnatally and to study the association of normocoiling, hypocoiling and hypercoiling to maternal and perinatal outcome. Method(s). One thousand antenatal women who went into labour were studied and umbilical coiling index calculated at the time of delivery. UCI was determined by dividing the ...
Lučovnik Miha - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate associated factors for preeclampsia in twin gestations and to compare incidences of pregnancy complications among twin pregnancies with vs. without preeclampsia. Patients and methods: We performed a case-control study using a population dataset of twin pregnancies delivered after 24 weeks of gestation, in Slovenia, between 1997 ...
Kuivasaari-Pirinen Paula - - 2012
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a risk factor for pregnancy, but there have been few studies on the effect of infertility's aetiology. Thus, we have assessed the role of aetiology on IVF pregnancy outcomes in a retrospective cohort study comparing the outcomes of IVF singleton pregnancies with those of spontaneous ...
Breathnach Fionnuala M - - 2012
To determine the optimum timing for planned delivery of uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies. Unselected twin pregnancies were recruited for this prospective cohort study (N=1,028), which was conducted in eight tertiary referral perinatal centers in Ireland. Perinatal mortality and a composite measure of perinatal morbidity (respiratory distress, necrotizing enterocolitis, ...
Persson Martina - - 2012
To assess the risk of perinatal complications in overweight and obese women with and without type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Prospective population-based cohort study. This study was based on data from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry from 1998 to 2007. 3457 T1DM and 764 498 non-diabetic pregnancies were included. T1DM was identified ...
Arya Ravindra - - 2012
Objective. This study evaluated the effect of antenatal music exposure to primigravida healthy mothers on the behaviour of their term appropriate-for-date newborns assessed using Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (BNBAS). Methods. This was a single-centre, randomized, open-label controlled trial. Primigravida mothers aged 19-29 years, free of chronic medical diseases or ...
Jimenez-Solem Espen - - 2012
To analyse the relation between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and major congenital malformations, with focus on malformations of the heart. Register-based retrospective nationwide cohort study, using the Danish Medical Birth Registry. Denmark. Pregnant women in Denmark between 1997 and 2009 and their offspring. For each SSRI, ORs for ...
Rerkasem Kittipan - - 2012
Several studies show that intrauterine nutrition restriction is associated with vascular disease. Animal studies have shown that atherosclerosis can be affected by a constrained intrauterine diet, but this relationship in humans is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal intake during pregnancy and carotid ...
Davanzo Julie - - 2012
To determine the optimum interpregnancy interval (IPI) following a miscarriage. Multivariate analysis of population-based, prospective data from a demographic surveillance system. Pregnancies in Matlab, Bangladesh, between 1977 and 2008. 9214 women with 10 453 pregnancies that ended in a miscarriage and were followed by another pregnancy outcome. Outcome of pregnancy ...
Miró Fernando - - 2012
: To estimate why the live birth rate per implanted embryo is higher in twin than in singleton pregnancies. : Data from 1,159 singleton and 523 dichorionic twin pregnancies, obtained after assisted conception, were included. To account for the higher live birth rate observed in twin pregnancies, two possibilities were ...
Meidahl Petersen Kasper - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between exposure to β-blockers during pregnancy and the risk of being born small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth and perinatal mortality in a nationwide cohort. DESIGN: A population-based retrospective cohort study, using the Danish Fertility Database. The authors identified all pregnant women redeeming a ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2012
The purpose of this paper was to examine the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of preterm singleton pregnancies complicated by placental abruption following preterm premature rupture of membranes (p-PROM) compared with those without p-PROM. We reviewed the obstetric records of 95 singleton deliveries complicated by placental abruption at 22-36 weeks' gestation. ...
Neilson James P - - 2012
Hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably the relation of the PR to RR intervals, and elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ECG during labour as an adjunct to continuous electronic fetal ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2012
Abdominal decompression was developed as a means of pain relief during labour. It has also been used for complications of pregnancy, and in healthy pregnant women in an attempt to improve fetal wellbeing and intellectual development. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of prophylactic abdominal decompression ...
Glujovsky Demián - - 2012
Advances in cell culture media have led to a shift in in vitro fertilization (IVF) practice from early cleavage embryo transfer to blastocyst stage transfer. The rationale for blastocyst culture is to improve both uterine and embryonic synchronicity and enable self selection of viable embryos thus resulting in higher implantation ...
Neilson James P - - 2012
Biochemical tests of placental or feto-placental function were widely used in the 1960s and 1970s in high-risk pregnancies to try to predict, and thus try to avoid, adverse fetal outcome. To assess the effects of performing biochemical tests of placental function in high-risk, low-risk, or unselected pregnancies. We searched the ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2012
Decreased fetal movements (DFM) are associated with fetal growth restriction and stillbirth, presumably linked through an underlying placental dysfunction. Yet, the role of placental pathology has received limited attention in DFM studies. Our main objective was to explore whether maternal perceptions of DFM were associated with placental pathology in pregnancies ...
Stoop Dominic - - 2012
To investigate the obstetrical and perinatal impact of oocyte donation, a cohort of women who conceived after OD was compared with a matched control group of women who became pregnant through in vitro fertilisation with autologous oocytes (AO). A matched-pair analysis has been performed at the Centre for Reproductive Medicine ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2012
We here report the first investigation of exclusively elective in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in women with no apparent history of infertility. Since IVF outcome in women with infertility are always influenced by underlying causes of infertility, a study on non-infertile women may offer new insights. We investigated 88 females ...
Erez Offer - - 2012
To determine whether patients with placenta previa who delivered preterm have an increased risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. This retrospective population based cohort study included patients who delivered after a primary cesarean section (n = 9983). The rate of placenta previa, its recurrence, and the risk for recurrent preterm ...
Bhattacharya Sohinee - - 2012
We aimed to compare reproductive outcomes following ectopic pregnancy (EP) versus livebirth, miscarriage, or termination in a first pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study design was used. Scottish national data on all women whose first pregnancy occurred between 1981 and 2000 were linked to records of a subsequent pregnancy. The exposed ...
Dutton Philip J - - 2012
Maternal perception of reduced fetal movement (RFM) is associated with increased risk of stillbirth and fetal growth restriction (FGR). RFM is thought to represent fetal compensation to conserve energy due to insufficient oxygen and nutrient transfer resulting from placental insufficiency. To identify predictors of poor perinatal outcome after maternal perception ...
Bhattacharya Siladitya S Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2012
To investigate reproductive outcomes in women following induced abortion (IA). Retrospective cohort study. Hospital admissions between 1981 and 2007 in Scotland. Data were extracted on all women who had an IA, a miscarriage or a live birth from the Scottish Morbidity Records. A total of 120 033, 457 477 and 47 355 women ...
Morris R K RK Research Section of Reproduction, Genes and Development, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2012
To determine the diagnostic accuracy of two "spot urine" tests for significant proteinuria or adverse pregnancy outcome in pregnant women with suspected pre-eclampsia. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Searches of electronic databases 1980 to January 2011, reference list checking, hand searching of journals, and contact with experts. Diagnostic studies, in pregnant ...
Peña-Rosas Juan Pablo JP Evidence and Programme Guidance, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, Geneva,Switzerland. - - 2012
Anaemia is a frequent condition during pregnancy, particularly among women from developing countries who have insufficient iron intake to meet increased iron needs of both the mother and the fetus.Traditionally, gestational anaemia has been prevented with the provision of daily iron supplements throughout pregnancy, but adherence to this regimen due ...
Grivell Rosalie M RM Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, Australia. - - 2012
Policies and protocols for fetal surveillance in the pregnancy where impaired fetal growth is suspected vary widely, with numerous combinations of different surveillance methods. To assess the effects of antenatal fetal surveillance regimens on important perinatal and maternal outcomes. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (29 ...
Dodd Jodie M JM School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide,Australia. - - 2012
Regular antenatal care for women with a multiple pregnancy is accepted practice, and while most women have an increase in the number of antenatal visits, there is no consensus as to what constitutes optimal care. 'Specialised' antenatal clinics have been advocated as a way of improving outcomes for women and ...
Aricha-Tamir Barak - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be associated with increased adverse pregnancy outcomes. Weight reduction improves maternal health status and reduces the risk of pregnancy complications, as well as long-term consequences. Our objective was to compare the pregnancy outcomes of the same women who delivered before and after ...
Gunderson Erica P EP Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. - - 2012
Primiparity has been associated with 3 to 4 mg/dL lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in black and white adult women that persist several years after delivery. To examine the lasting effects of adolescent pregnancy on blood lipids, an early risk factor for future cardiometabolic diseases. The National Heart Lung and ...
Hancock S N - - 2012
Size at birth is related to adult health outcomes. Twins are born smaller than singletons; this has been assumed to be secondary to limited nutrient supply in late gestation.We hypothesised that growth trajectory in twins, and the adult consequences of being conceived a twin, are determined in early gestation. Twin ...
Kawachiya Satoshi - - 2011
A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a private infertility centre to evaluate the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) in natural-cycle IVF (nIVF) treatment. A total of 1865 first-rank nIVF cycles performed during 2009-2010 were evaluated. Low-dose, post-trigger NSAID was administered in a non-randomized way in cycles at higher ...
Lanna Mariano M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To review the experience with selective feticide with bipolar cord coagulation (BCC) in complicated monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies at a single center. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of BCC performed by 3-mm bipolar forceps under ultrasound control in cases complicated by twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, selective growth restriction, discordant anomaly or twin ...
Dickey Richard P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of preterm birth of singleton and twin pregnancies conceived by vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using 2006-2008 data from the Society for Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System (SART CORS). SETTING: SART-associated ...
Hickerton Chriselle L - - 2011
The availability of tests to detect genetic conditions prenatally has expanded considerably in recent decades. These advances allow women and couples choices; the choice of whether or not to undergo prenatal screening or diagnosis and therefore the choice whether to continue or terminate a pregnancy. Following prenatal testing many people ...
Killen S A S - - 2011
Congenital complete heart block associated with transplacental passage of maternal autoantibodies reactive with SSA/Ro and SSB/La is a rare disease with significant fetal, neonatal, and childhood morbidity and mortality. We present the case of dichorionic, diamniotic twins (female twin A and male twin B) exposed to maternal Ro and La ...
Pineda Carol - - 2011
This is the first reported case of maternal sepsis and placental transmission of Candida kefyr to premature fraternal twins. The mother consumed organic dairy products regularly throughout her pregnancy and developed sepsis with chorioamnionitis by C. kefyr. The twins developed espiratory distress at birth. The placenta, fetal membranes and umbilical ...
Le Cleac'h N - - 2011
Since the first success in sheep, the production of viable cloned offspring by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is still doomed by a high incidence of pregnancy failure. In cattle, most gestation losses initially take place during the peri-implantation period. Then, abnormal placentation associated with fetal overgrowth (abnormal offspring syndrome) ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2011
Conjoined twinning occurs in 1 in 100 sets of monozygotic twins, 1 in 50,000 gestations or 1 in 250,000 live births. With the advent of ultrasound technology, prenatal diagnosis of conjoined twins is possible. This article provides a comprehensive review of conjoined twins detected in the first trimester including fetal ...
Kwon Ji Young - - 2011
The purpose of the current study was to propose a Korean-specific parameter set for calculating the risk of Down syndrome in the second trimester of pregnancy and to determine the screening performances of triple and quadruple tests in Korean women. Using the data on triple or quadruple screening from three ...
Sánchez O - - 2011
BACKGROUNDThe risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) increases in twin pregnancies, especially when assisted reproduction technologies (ART) are used. The aim of this study was to assess angiogenic/anti-angiogenic factors in maternal serum in the first trimester of twin pregnancies and establish if the mode of conception influences angiogenic status.METHODSThis prospective study enrolled ...
Giwnewer Uriel - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine whether intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) of one twin of Diamnionic twins after 22 weeks gestation is associated with adverse perinatal outcome to the co-twin. Method: A retrospective case-control study (n=4070) including all twin births delivered between the years 1988-2010, was conducted. Perinatal outcome of the co-twin ...
Tul Nata A - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To examine the population-based trend for cesarean births in twin pregnancies for the last 13 years in Slovenia, and to find correlates for this trend. Methods: We evaluated data from the Slovenian national perinatal information system (NPIS) of all twin pairs born at ?24 weeks during the period ...
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