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Results 151 - 200 of 1363
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Nagel C - - 2012
The mechanisms leading to parturition in the horse in many aspects differ from those in other species. Pregnancy is maintained not by progesterone but by 5α-pregnanes and the progestin precursor pregnenolone originates from the fetus. As parturition approaches, the fetal adrenal switches from pregnenolone to cortisol synthesis but it is ...
Sotiriadis Alexandros - - 2012
Aims: To quantify the effect on the perinatal outcome in women treated with progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth. Methods: MEDLINE and SCOPUS searches, including references of the retrieved articles and additional automated search using the 'search for related articles' PubMed function. Randomized controlled trials assigning women at risk ...
Bataeva Roza - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the thymic-thoracic ratio (T-T ratio) method in evaluation of the thymus in the fetus. Method Database records were reviewed for cases of conotruncal and arch abnormalities found on fetal echocardiography between January 2007 and September 2011. Fetuses with aneuploidy or other genetic disorders and cases where 22q11.2 ...
Greig Emma - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnant women enrolled on a Methadone Substitution Programme (MSP). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Maternity unit of a London teaching hospital and tertiary referral centre. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women on a MSP whose antenatal care and delivery was at St Thomas' Hospital ...
Prats Pilar - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the possible role of Doppler ultrasound assessment of ductus venosus (DV) blood flow at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation in fetuses with normal nuchal translucency (NT) in screening for autosomal trisomies (AT) and for congenital heart diseases (CHD) in chromosomally normal fetuses. Methods: ...
Canick Jacob A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Studies on prenatal testing for Down syndrome (trisomy 21), trisomy 18, and trisomy 13 by massively parallel shotgun sequencing (MPSS) of circulating cell free DNA have been, for the most part, limited to singleton pregnancies. If MPSS testing is offered clinically, it is important to know if these trisomies ...
Moragianni Vasiliki A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To provide assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcome rates per body mass index (BMI) category after controlling for potential confounders. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large university-affiliated infertility practice. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing ART. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The primary outcome was live birth. Analyses were stratified according to BMI ...
Opdahl S - - 2012
Hypertensive diseases in pregnancy may be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. Most previous studies are small and have shown conflicting results. In a cohort of 919 712 women who gave their first birth between 1967 and 2008, with linkage of information from two national registries, we assessed ...
Davies Michael J - - 2012
The extent to which birth defects after infertility treatment may be explained by underlying parental factors is uncertain. We linked a census of treatment with assisted reproductive technology in South Australia to a registry of births and terminations with a gestation period of at least 20 weeks or a birth ...
Ludford Isobel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Child bearing in the later reproductive years has become increasingly common in Australia with potential implications for clinical practice. AIM: To examine pregnancy outcomes for nulliparous women of advanced maternal age with singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted to compare the pregnancy outcomes for women ...
Jong Geert 't - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An association between PPHN and antidepressant use in pregnancy has been reported. PURPOSE: We sought to examine this relationship. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed, to evaluate this association RESULTS: Six published studies fulfilled our criteria for inclusion, with only three studies large enough to have the ...
Vadiveloo Thenmalar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rate of thyroid testing during pregnancy. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective record-linkage study. SETTING: Healthcare data on pregnant women in Tayside, Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: All pregnant women who were 18 years and above and who delivered between 1(st) January 1993 and 31(st) March 2011 in Tayside were identified. Patients ...
Hernández-Díaz S - - 2012
To assess the safety of the newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy. The study population was pregnant women who enrolled in the North American AED Pregnancy Registry between 1997 and 2011. Data on AED use and maternal characteristics were collected through phone interviews at enrollment, at 7 months' gestation, and ...
Koopmans Petra C - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there is an association between use of antibiotics and breakthrough pregnancy. METHODS: The study was performed in a population-based prescription database (IADB.nl). We computed case-crossover odds ratios of 397 cases of defined breakthrough pregnancy comparing the use of antibiotics in the exposure window with the use ...
Zhou Shao J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding the efficacy of increasing n-3 long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) intake during pregnancy in reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine whether n-3 LCPUFA supplementation in pregnancy reduces the incidence of GDM or preeclampsia. A secondary objective was ...
Stuebe Alison M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association of pregravid body mass index (BMI), independent of 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results, with pregnancy outcome. In this secondary analysis of a cohort of women with untreated mild gestational glucose intolerance, which was defined as a 50-g glucose ...
Al Mulhim A S - - 2012
In Saudi Arabia, road traffic crashes are becoming a serious public health problem and there are no recent, large-scale, published reports discussing maternal and fetal injuries. We aimed to explore the predictors of fetal death/abortion after maternal trauma. A retrospective case-control study was performed exploring cases of maternal trauma. The ...
Emamghorashi Fatemeh - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of maternal UTI during pregnancy with neonatal UTI. One hundred and fourteen neonates admitted to hospital were enrolled in the present study, of whom 40 were admitted for management of UTI and 74 for management of jaundice. Urinalysis and ...
Laitinen J - - 2012
To assess the association between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) during the first 20 weeks of gestation and overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity of offspring at the age of 16 years. A prospective cohort study. The two northernmost provinces of Finland. Mothers and their adolescent offspring born from singleton pregnancies (3265 ...
Hatch Elizabeth E - - 2012
Many epidemiologic studies have evaluated the association between caffeine and fertility, with inconsistent results. Some studies suggest that various caffeine-containing beverages may affect fertility differently. We evaluated the relation of caffeine, coffee, tea, and sodas with time to pregnancy in a prospective cohort study of 3628 women planning a pregnancy, ...
McGinty Patricia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to establish reference ranges for placental length and thickness in a low-risk obstetric population and to assess the likelihood of a small for gestational age (SGA) neonate on the basis of placental length at 18-24 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Placental length and thickness were measured ...
Hayes Rachel M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe antidepressant medication use patterns during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes. We evaluated a cohort of 228,876 singleton pregnancies that were covered by Tennessee Medicaid, 1995-2007. Of 23,280 pregnant women with antidepressant prescriptions before pregnancy, 75% of them filled none in the second or ...
Staat Barton C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine relative contributions of transplacental flux vs. fetal production for inositol and mannose in normal term pregnancies. Seven term uncomplicated pregnancies undergoing cesarean section were infused with (13)C- and (2)H-labeled isotopes of glucose, inositol, and mannose until a steady state was achieved. Maternal ...
Qu Fan F Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, - - 2012
The objective of this article was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis of the trials of acupuncture during in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment on the outcomes of clinical pregnancy, biochemical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, implantation rate, live birth, and miscarriage. The search was conducted by ...
Tarim Ebru - - 2012
Aim: Our aim in this study was to examine the risk factors associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in women who did not have GDM during a previous pregnancy. Materials and methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the charts of all pregnant women who delivered two pregnancies between ...
Chatzi L - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Maternal personality may increase vulnerability to stress, which could lead to an unfavourable intrauterine environment to the fetus. We sought to investigate the impact of maternal personality traits on adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth, and fetal growth restriction in the mother-child cohort study (RHEA Study) in Crete, ...
Severi Filiberto M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the possible relationship between ultrasound estimated fetal weight (EFW) at third trimester and the risk of preterm birth following spontaneous preterm labor in otherwise uncomplicated pregnancies. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study including 281 cases of spontaneous preterm labor with preterm delivery in the third ...
Tocce Kristina M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine contraceptive continuation and repeat pregnancy rates in adolescents who are offered immediate postpartum etonogestrel implant (IPI) insertion. Participants in an adolescent prenatal-postnatal program were enrolled in a prospective observational study of IPI insertion (IPI group, 171) vs other methods (control group, 225). ...
Walker M G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Since pregnancies with a male fetus have higher perinatal complications attributed to placental dysfunction, including severe pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction, the objective of our study was to formally evaluate placental pathology for a placental origin of these sex-specific differences. DESIGN: Retrospective study at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, ...
Krakauer Yonit - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with latent syphilis and pregnancy outcome among women with latent syphilis. METHODS: A retrospective population-based study was conducted to compare all pregnancies among women with and without latent syphilis at Soroka University Medical Center, Be'er-Sheva, Israel, between 1988 and 2010. Stratified analysis using a multiple ...
Vihinen Pia - - 2012
Background. The influence of pregnancy on survival in melanoma has been a controversial issue. Objective. In this retrospective study we investigated whether pregnancy (overall or temporally melanoma-related) has any effect on melanoma progression or patient outcome. Methods. Patient data were collected from Turku University Hospital records concerning all women in ...
Sukur Yavuz Emre - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify patient and cycle parameters that relate to spontaneous reduction in multiple pregnancies following in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in an academic infertility center. All IVF cycles between January 2007 and June 2008 were evaluated and 69 ...
Aboulghar Mona M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vaginal natural progesterone on the prevention of preterm birth in IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancies. A single-centre prospective placebo-controlled randomized study was performed. A total of 313 IVF/ICSI pregnant patients were randomized into two groups for either treatment with ...
Chen Kuo-Hu - - 2012
This prospective cohort study aims to clarify the role of preterm placental calcification in high-risk (i.e., hypertension, diabetes, placenta previa or severe anemia) pregnant women as a predictor of poor uteroplacental blood flow (absent or reverse end-diastolic velocity [AREDV]) and adverse pregnancy outcome. Monthly ultrasound was performed starting at 28 ...
Tuuli Methodius G - - 2012
: Uterine synechiae have generally been considered benign findings in pregnancy. We used a large perinatal database to test the hypothesis that uterine synechiae are associated with pregnancy complications. : We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with singleton pregnancies presenting for routine ultrasonographic examinations at 17-22 weeks from ...
Singh Renu - - 2012
The international standard decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) for emergency Caesarean sections (CSs) is ≤30 minutes but there is little evidence to support this recommendation. The aim of this study was to evaluate DDI for emergency CS and its relationship to perinatal outcome. We undertook a prospective observational study of consecutive cases ...
Benaglia Laura - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThere is a growing consensus that ovarian endometriomas should not be systematically removed in women selected for IVF. However, some recent evidence suggested that the presence of these cysts may negatively affect the course of pregnancy.METHODSWe set up a multicenter retrospective cohort study, including two infertility units. We analyzed data ...
King Jennifer R - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the composite risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity in pregnancies with suspected fetal macrosomia. Methods: In a retrospective study of laboring women delivering singleton, term neonates, we defined 3 groups of patients by estimated fetal weight (EFW) in grams, using ultrasound: (1) <4000, (2) 4000-4499, and ...
Pelucchi Claudio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The study of probiotics to prevent allergic conditions has yielded conflicting results in children. We undertook a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate whether probiotic use during pregnancy and early life decreases the incidence of atopic dermatitis and immunoglobulin E (IgE)-associated atopic dermatitis in infants and young children. ...
Papadopoulou Eleni - - 2012
PURPOSE: We examined whether high doses of folic acid and iron supplementation in early-to-mid pregnancy affect the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age neonates, in the mother-child cohort in Crete, Greece (Rhea study). METHODS: We included 1,279 women with singleton pregnancies with complete data ...
Yeniel A Ozgur - - 2012
AIM: To examine the association between placenta previa and adverse perinatal outcomes such as low birth weight, preterm delivery, stillbirth and fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study includes 12,034 delivered pregnant women who were recruited for the study between 2004 and 2010 in Ege University Hospital. Data ...
Thomas Sanjeev V - - 2012
We aimed to characterize the seizure pattern during pregnancy in a large cohort of women with epilepsy (WWE) and identify possible predictors of seizure relapse during pregnancy. We recorded the antiepileptic drug (AED) use and seizure frequency for WWE during the prepregnancy month and pregnancy. The seizure profile was correlated ...
El Marroun Hanan - - 2012
CONTEXT: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are frequently prescribed to pregnant women, but knowledge about their unintended effects on child health is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of maternal SSRI use during pregnancy on fetal growth and birth outcomes. DESIGN: The study was embedded in the Generation R Study, ...
Leung Vivian W Y - - 2012
To derive summary estimates of observed pregnancy rates in women who used the Yuzpe or levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive regimen and identify the various ways in which data related to regimen effectiveness were reported, to discuss the limitations of the effectiveness estimates as they are currently reported, and to propose alternative ...
Kim Hyung Joon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To establish prognostic data regarding fetal hydronephrosis using the anteroposterior diameter (APD) and the need for interventional surgery in the Korean population. METHODS: A total of 187 children with an APD of ≥4 mm on obstetric ultrasound scans at any gestational age were retrospectively reviewed. The affected renal units ...
Lesko Jennifer - - 2012
: To estimate the rates of pregnancy outcomes of women after bariatric surgery relative to women in a control groups. : The study was a chart review. Presurgery and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) were calculated for 70 patients who had undergone bariatric surgery and who had a subsequent singleton ...
Gordon Adrienne - - 2012
: To estimate the risk of stillbirth in a second pregnancy when previous stillbirth, preterm, and small-for-gestational age (SGA) births occurred in the previous pregnancy. : This was a population-based cohort study in New South Wales Australia from 2002 to 2006. Singleton births in a first pregnancy were linked to ...
Eryilmaz Ozlem Gun - - 2012
Prolonged GnRH-a administration in IVF cycles may have some advantages related to the treatment outcomes. In this study, we aimed to analyse the effect of prolonged gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) administration on controlled ovarian hyperstimulation outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients. In this retrospective study, 55 patients with ...
Farkash Evelina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the incidence and sonographic parameters of pyelonephritis during pregnancy, and to examine risk factors and pregnancy outcomes of women with acute antepartum pyelonephritis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies of patients with and without acute antepartum pyelonephritis was performed. Patients lacking prenatal care ...
Khashan Ali S - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal condition and is most prevalent in women of reproductive age. We investigated the effects of IBS on risk for adverse outcomes from pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study using the UK General Practice Research Database. The ...
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