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Results 51 - 100 of 1289
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Kondapalli L A - - 2012
Although close observation of serum estradiol (E2) levels remains a mainstay of assessing clinical response to controlled ovarian stimulation, the prognostic value of any change in E2 levels after administration of hCG remains unclear. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between serum E2 response after hCG ...
Schneuer F J - - 2012
To describe normative levels of PP13 in first trimester of pregnancy and determine the accuracy of PP13 in predicting preeclampsia and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. We measured PP13 in archived first trimester serum samples from an unselected maternal cohort of 2989 women. Associations of PP13 levels and diagnostic ...
Stirnemann Julien J - - 2012
We sought to compare intrauterine risks with postnatal outcome in monochorionic pregnancies operated by fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. A cohort of 602 consecutive cases was analyzed. Unexpected prenatal adverse events were identified when a fatal or potentially fatal event occurred that could have been avoided by timely ...
Schneuer Francisco J - - 2012
Context:High serum levels of TSH have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes by some studies, and not by others.Objective:The aim of the study was to assess the association between high levels of TSH in the first trimester of pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes; and to examine the predictive accuracy as ...
Yeung Tracy Wing Yee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our previous randomized controlled study showed that the complete abortion rate in termination of pregnancy up to 63 days with the combined use of letrozole for 3 days followed by vaginal misoprostol was significantly higher than that of misoprostol alone. A positive correlation was observed between the basal estradiol ...
Witiw Christopher D - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Cerebral cavernous malformations are brain vascular malformations associated with intracranial hemorrhage. It is unclear if pregnancy is a risk factor for hemorrhage, yet there is speculation it may be. OBJECTIVE:: To compare the risk of clinically significant hemorrhage during pregnancy and non-pregnancy. METHODS:: 186 patients from the University of ...
Liu Yuanyuan - - 2012
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the combined associations of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with pregnancy outcomes in Chinese women. METHODS: Data for 292,568 singleton term pregnancies were selected from 1993 to 2005 based on the Perinatal Health Care Surveillance System, with anthropometric measurements being ...
Kim Ill Hwa - - 2012
This study analyzed the effect of corpus luteum (CL) formation during weeks 3-5 postpartum on the subsequent reproductive performance of dairy cows. Factors contributing to CL formation during the postpartum period were also determined. Data were collected from 1524 Holstein dairy cows on 18 farms using a single ultrasonographic examination ...
Ferreira Ana Fatima A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure changes in the posterior fossa of first-trimester fetuses with trisomy 18, trisomy 13 and triploidy. METHODS: Brain stem (BS) diameter and BS to occipital bone (BSOB) diameter were measured in images of the midsagittal view of the face at 11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks from 45 trisomy 18, ...
Maheshwari Abha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of obstetric and perinatal complications in singleton pregnancies after the transfer of frozen thawed and fresh embryos generated through IVF. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Observational studies, comparing obstetric and perinatal outcomes in singleton pregnancies subsequent to frozen thawed ET versus fresh embryo ...
Dodd J M - - 2012
To evaluate whether for women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancy, elective birth at 37 weeks of gestation was associated with reduced risk of death or serious outcomes for babies, without increasing harm. Randomised controlled trial. Maternity hospitals across Australia, New Zealand and Italy. A total of 235 women with an ...
Wallace J M - - 2012
Herein we report placental weight and efficiency in relation to maternal BMI and the risk of pregnancy complications in 55,105 pregnancies. Adjusted placental weight increased with increasing BMI through underweight, normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese categories and accordingly underweight women were more likely to experience placental growth restriction [OR ...
Schwartz Rachelle - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the ability of early sonogram to predict the presentation of twin A at birth. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on all twin pregnancies evaluated at our Fetal Evaluation Unit from 2007-2009. Sonogram records were reviewed for the presentation of twin A at seven gestational ...
Fischer-Betz R - - 2012
Among the most prominent features associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are cerebral ischaemic events (CVE). Pregnancy with APS increases the risk of thrombosis, including CVE. This study was undertaken to assess the risk of obstetric complications and recurrence of CVE during pregnancy in women with APS and previous CVE. We ...
Henry D E - - 2012
Objective:We aimed to evaluate rates of delivery and clinical manifestations of preterm severe preeclampsia in singleton and twin gestations.Study Design:This retrospective cohort study included 86 765 deliveries from 2000 to 2009, including 3244 twins. Rates of delivery for severe preeclampsia among infants born 24 to 31+6, and 32 to 36+6 weeks ...
Phaloprakarn C - - 2013
To determine the relationship between maternal ABO blood group and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Data on ABO phenotypes and pregnancy outcomes were collected from medical records of 5320 singleton pregnant women who had ABO blood testing and follow-up care until delivery in our institution. Adverse pregnancy outcomes that were ...
Wei Li L Medicines Monitoring Unit, Division of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2012
To study whether subsequent pregnancy rate is reduced after appendicectomy. A cohort study was carried out in the General Practice Research Database, a United Kingdom primary care database. University hospital. Female patients who underwent appendicectomy between 1986 and 2009 and appropriate comparators were followed until first pregnancy. None. The association ...
Parker Margaret M Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2012
To determine the extent to which fetal weight during mid-pregnancy and fetal weight gain from mid-pregnancy to birth predict adiposity and blood pressure (BP) at age 3 years. Among 438 children in the Project Viva cohort, we estimated fetal weight at 16-20 (median 18) weeks' gestation using ultrasound biometry measures. ...
Hamilton Abigail R - - 2012
The number of women entering orthopaedic surgery is steadily increasing. Information regarding pregnancy and childbearing is important to understand as it increasingly affects residency programs, clinical practices, and the female surgeons and their offspring. One thousand and twenty-one female surgeons completed an anonymous, voluntary, 199-item online survey distributed via individual ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2012
: The fetoplacental ratio has been used conventionally to study the contribution of the placenta to fetal growth restriction. However, this measure is problematic because a normal fetoplacental ratio can reflect birth weight and placental weight that are both normal, both low, or both high. The objective of this study ...
Coolman Marianne - - 2012
: To estimate whether the imbalance of angiogenic factors (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1, placental growth factor) and fibrinolytic factors (plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 [PAI-2]) might affect placentation in early pregnancy. : We studied the associations of maternal soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1, placental growth factor, and PAI-2 concentrations in the first trimester ...
Garcia-Subirats Irene - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to describe socioeconomic inequalities in low birth weight (LBW), premature birth (PM) and small size for gestational age at birth (SGA) between 2000 and 2005 in Barcelona, Spain, jointly evaluating the effect of mother's country of origin, and neighborhood of residence socioeconomic level ...
Lange N E - - 2012
Increasing evidence links altered intestinal flora in infancy to eczema and asthma. No studies have investigated the influence of maternal intestinal flora on wheezing and eczema in early childhood. To investigate the link between maternal intestinal flora during pregnancy and development of wheeze and eczema in infancy. A total of ...
Holstius David M - - 2012
Background: In late October 2003, a series of wildfires exposed urban populations in southern California to elevated levels of air pollution over a period of several weeks. Previous research suggests that short-term hospital admissions for respiratory outcomes increased specifically as a result of these fires. Objective: To assess the impact ...
Lobmaier Sm - - 2012
Abstract Objective This study aims to compare average acceleration capacity (AAC), a new parameter to assess the dynamic capacity of the fetal autonomous nervous system, and short term variation (STV) in fetuses affected by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and healthy fetuses. Methods A prospective observational study was performed, including 39 ...
Potti Sushma - - 2012
Objective To estimate the effectiveness of intrapartum ST waveform analysis (STAN) versus cardiotocography (CTG) alone in prevention of metabolic acidosis.Study Design Meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing intrapartum fetal monitoring utilizing STAN with CTG versus CTG alone. Primary outcome was neonatal metabolic acidosis, defined as umbilical arterial pH <7.05 and base ...
Izmirly Peter M - - 2012
A recent case-control study suggested a benefit of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in lowering the risk of cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus (cardiac-NL) in pregnancies of anti-SSA/Ro-positive patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. A historical cohort assembled from 3 international databases was used to evaluate whether HCQ reduces the nearly 10-fold increase in ...
Kyrou Dimitra - - 2012
The objective of this prospective randomized study was to assess whether spontaneous triggering of ovulation by detecting LH rise with serial serum testing, results in higher pregnancy rates as compared with administration of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in patients undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) in natural cycles. The trial was registered ...
Kato Yoshiaki - - 2012
Objective: In clinical practice, measurement of mechanical PR interval (mPR) with pulsed Doppler echocardiography is a standard method used to estimate the atrioventricular conduction time in the fetus. However, fetal echocardiography does not directly reflect the electrical properties of the heart. Technological advances in fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) have allowed recording ...
Nagel C - - 2012
The mechanisms leading to parturition in the horse in many aspects differ from those in other species. Pregnancy is maintained not by progesterone but by 5α-pregnanes and the progestin precursor pregnenolone originates from the fetus. As parturition approaches, the fetal adrenal switches from pregnenolone to cortisol synthesis but it is ...
Sotiriadis Alexandros - - 2012
Aims: To quantify the effect on the perinatal outcome in women treated with progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth. Methods: MEDLINE and SCOPUS searches, including references of the retrieved articles and additional automated search using the 'search for related articles' PubMed function. Randomized controlled trials assigning women at risk ...
Bataeva Roza - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the thymic-thoracic ratio (T-T ratio) method in evaluation of the thymus in the fetus. Method Database records were reviewed for cases of conotruncal and arch abnormalities found on fetal echocardiography between January 2007 and September 2011. Fetuses with aneuploidy or other genetic disorders and cases where 22q11.2 ...
Greig Emma - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnant women enrolled on a Methadone Substitution Programme (MSP). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Maternity unit of a London teaching hospital and tertiary referral centre. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women on a MSP whose antenatal care and delivery was at St Thomas' Hospital ...
Prats Pilar - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the possible role of Doppler ultrasound assessment of ductus venosus (DV) blood flow at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation in fetuses with normal nuchal translucency (NT) in screening for autosomal trisomies (AT) and for congenital heart diseases (CHD) in chromosomally normal fetuses. Methods: ...
Canick Jacob A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Studies on prenatal testing for Down syndrome (trisomy 21), trisomy 18, and trisomy 13 by massively parallel shotgun sequencing (MPSS) of circulating cell free DNA have been, for the most part, limited to singleton pregnancies. If MPSS testing is offered clinically, it is important to know if these trisomies ...
Moragianni Vasiliki A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To provide assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcome rates per body mass index (BMI) category after controlling for potential confounders. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large university-affiliated infertility practice. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing ART. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The primary outcome was live birth. Analyses were stratified according to BMI ...
Opdahl S - - 2012
Hypertensive diseases in pregnancy may be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. Most previous studies are small and have shown conflicting results. In a cohort of 919 712 women who gave their first birth between 1967 and 2008, with linkage of information from two national registries, we assessed ...
Davies Michael J - - 2012
The extent to which birth defects after infertility treatment may be explained by underlying parental factors is uncertain. We linked a census of treatment with assisted reproductive technology in South Australia to a registry of births and terminations with a gestation period of at least 20 weeks or a birth ...
Ludford Isobel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Child bearing in the later reproductive years has become increasingly common in Australia with potential implications for clinical practice. AIM: To examine pregnancy outcomes for nulliparous women of advanced maternal age with singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted to compare the pregnancy outcomes for women ...
Jong Geert 't - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An association between PPHN and antidepressant use in pregnancy has been reported. PURPOSE: We sought to examine this relationship. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed, to evaluate this association RESULTS: Six published studies fulfilled our criteria for inclusion, with only three studies large enough to have the ...
Vadiveloo Thenmalar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rate of thyroid testing during pregnancy. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective record-linkage study. SETTING: Healthcare data on pregnant women in Tayside, Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: All pregnant women who were 18 years and above and who delivered between 1(st) January 1993 and 31(st) March 2011 in Tayside were identified. Patients ...
Hernández-Díaz S - - 2012
To assess the safety of the newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy. The study population was pregnant women who enrolled in the North American AED Pregnancy Registry between 1997 and 2011. Data on AED use and maternal characteristics were collected through phone interviews at enrollment, at 7 months' gestation, and ...
Koopmans Petra C - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there is an association between use of antibiotics and breakthrough pregnancy. METHODS: The study was performed in a population-based prescription database (IADB.nl). We computed case-crossover odds ratios of 397 cases of defined breakthrough pregnancy comparing the use of antibiotics in the exposure window with the use ...
Zhou Shao J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding the efficacy of increasing n-3 long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) intake during pregnancy in reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine whether n-3 LCPUFA supplementation in pregnancy reduces the incidence of GDM or preeclampsia. A secondary objective was ...
Stuebe Alison M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association of pregravid body mass index (BMI), independent of 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results, with pregnancy outcome. In this secondary analysis of a cohort of women with untreated mild gestational glucose intolerance, which was defined as a 50-g glucose ...
Al Mulhim A S - - 2012
In Saudi Arabia, road traffic crashes are becoming a serious public health problem and there are no recent, large-scale, published reports discussing maternal and fetal injuries. We aimed to explore the predictors of fetal death/abortion after maternal trauma. A retrospective case-control study was performed exploring cases of maternal trauma. The ...
Emamghorashi Fatemeh - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of maternal UTI during pregnancy with neonatal UTI. One hundred and fourteen neonates admitted to hospital were enrolled in the present study, of whom 40 were admitted for management of UTI and 74 for management of jaundice. Urinalysis and ...
Laitinen J - - 2012
To assess the association between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) during the first 20 weeks of gestation and overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity of offspring at the age of 16 years. A prospective cohort study. The two northernmost provinces of Finland. Mothers and their adolescent offspring born from singleton pregnancies (3265 ...
Hatch Elizabeth E - - 2012
Many epidemiologic studies have evaluated the association between caffeine and fertility, with inconsistent results. Some studies suggest that various caffeine-containing beverages may affect fertility differently. We evaluated the relation of caffeine, coffee, tea, and sodas with time to pregnancy in a prospective cohort study of 3628 women planning a pregnancy, ...
McGinty Patricia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to establish reference ranges for placental length and thickness in a low-risk obstetric population and to assess the likelihood of a small for gestational age (SGA) neonate on the basis of placental length at 18-24 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Placental length and thickness were measured ...
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