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Tandberg A A Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway; Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
To examine the risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) in women conceiving after assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Potential confounding from maternal age, long intervals between births, new partner and smoking were evaluated. Population-based cohort study with data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. A total of 501 766 mothers with offspring from ...
Were Edwin O EO aDepartment of Reproductive Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya bDepartment of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA cCentre for Clinical Research dCentre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute eDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya fDepartment of Medicine gDepartment of Epidemiology hDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. *Members of the Partners PrEP Study Team are listed in the Acknowledgements - - 2014
There is a paucity of data on the effect of antiretroviral medications on male fertility. Couples affected by HIV-1 often have fertility intentions, and antiretroviral medications, as both treatment of HIV-1-infected persons and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for uninfected persons, are part of peri-conception risk reduction. Within a randomized, placebo-controlled trial ...
Hiersch Liran L Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates 3-15% of pregnancies depending upon the geographic location and ethnic groups, and its incidence is estimated to increase even further due to the increasing rates of obesity in the general population and the trend towards advanced maternal age in pregnancy. GDM is associated with adverse ...
Gaskins Audrey J AJ From the Departments of Nutrition (AJG, MWG, and JEC), Epidemiology (AJG, JWR-E, RH, PLW, SAM, and JEC), Environmental Health (RH), and Biostatistics (PLW), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Channing Division of Network Medicine (JWR-E, SAM, and JEC) and Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology (JWR-E), Department of Medicine, and the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology (SAM), Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; the Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School/Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA (MWG); the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (AP); and Boston In Vitro Fertilization, Waltham, MA - - 2014
Two previous case-control studies observed associations between specific food groups and risk of miscarriage; however, to our knowledge, no previous studies have investigated dietary patterns and risk of pregnancy loss. We aimed to assess prepregnancy adherence to the alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (aHEI-2010), alternate Mediterranean diet (aMED), and Fertility ...
Mills James L JL From the Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (JLM, RF, AL, and YW), and Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute (LCB), NIH, Bethesda, MD; the Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen and Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway (PMU); the Health Research Board of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland (PNK); the University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA (BS); and the Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland - - 2014
Low maternal choline intake and blood concentration may be risk factors for having a child with a neural tube defect (NTD); however, the data are inconsistent. This is an important question to resolve because choline, if taken periconceptionally, might add to the protective effect currently being achieved by folic acid. ...
Sun Yuelian Y Section for Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
Studies on the safety of drugs used during pregnancy are necessary and important but prone to bias. Using cases as their own controls can reduce bias. We used a case-crossover design and a case-time-control design to estimate the risk of congenital malformation (CM) for children born to mothers who redeemed ...
Morrell J M JM Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
A successful outcome after artificial insemination with cooled semen is dependent on many factors, the sperm quality of the ejaculate being one. Previous studies have shown that spermatozoa with good motility, normal morphology, and good chromatin integrity can be selected by means of colloid centrifugation, particularly single layer centrifugation (SLC) ...
Xiang Lan L Reproductive Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
In this study, the clinical significance of first-trimester intrauterine haematomas (IUH) detected in pregnancies achieved by IVF-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) was evaluated. A retrospective case-control study was designed to compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes of 350 pregnancies with IUH and 350 matched controls without IUH. The incidence of first-trimester IUH detected ...
Wennberg Anna Lena AL Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
By enhancing maternal nutritional status, midwives can help women lower the risks of pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes as well as improve maternal health during pregnancy and in the long run. Dietary counselling is, on the other hand, not reported to be effective. Poor communication and conflicting messages are ...
Nwagha U U Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Nigeria ; Department of Physiology, Pulmonary Medicine Unit, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nsukka, - - 2014
Forced expiratory volume in 6 s (FEV6) and FEV1/FEV6 ratio have traditionally been used as a surrogate for forced vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC in the assessment of spirometric lung function in nonpregnant subjects. However, the existence of this relationship during pregnancy is yet to be ascertained. The aim of ...
Yousefian Elham E Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University Falavarjan Branch, Isfahan, IR - - 2014
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a serious problem for pregnancy. There is evidence that vascular complications play a principal role in RPL. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme in folate metabolism. Polymorphisms (C677T, A1298C) of MTHFR gene are associated with decreased MTHFR activity. The aim of this study was ...
Kurlak Lesia O LO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, City Hospital Nottingham, - - 2014
Discussion continues as to whether de novo hypertension in pregnancy with significant proteinuria (pre-eclampsia; PE) and non-proteinuric new hypertension (gestational hypertension; GH) are parts of the same disease spectrum or represent different conditions. Non-pregnant hypertension, pregnancy and PE are all associated with oxidative stress. We have established a 6 weeks ...
Christofides Nicola J NJ School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; - - 2014
Although teenage pregnancies in South Africa have declined, the short and longer term health and social consequences are a potential public health concern. This longitudinal study aimed to describe the range of risk and protective factors for incident unwanted and unplanned pregnancies occurring over 2 years of follow-up among a ...
Tehrani Hatave Ghasemi HG Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Studies have shown significant correlation between time to pregnancy (TTP) and pregnancy outcomes. But understanding of these mechanisms may not be facilitated. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between TTP and pregnancy outcome. This study was a case cohort study that was done in Shahid Beheshti ...
Carwile Jenny L - - 2014
Prenatal drinking water exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE) has been previously related to intrauterine growth restriction and stillbirth. Pathophysiologic and epidemiologic evidence linking these outcomes to certain other pregnancy complications, including placental abruption, preeclampsia, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) (i.e., ischemic placental diseases), suggests that PCE exposure may also be associated with these ...
Miyagawa Kazuya K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, - - 2014
We herein report two cases of pregnant women who had chronic hypertension caused by renovascular hypertension due to multiple intrarenal microaneurysms from unknown causes, who had similar clinical courses. During the first pregnancy, both women developed uncontrollable severe hypertension that finally led to superimposed preeclampsia; however, during the second pregnancy, ...
Jayaprakasan Kannamannadiar K Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Nottingham University Research and Treatment Unit in Reproduction (NURTURE), Queen's Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Derby Fertility Unit, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, - - 2014
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been proposed to improve pregnancy rates in women with diminished ovarian reserve undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. However, evidence regarding its efficacy is supported by a limited number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). This double-blinded RCT aims to measure the effect of DHEA supplementation prior to ...
Rosen Hadar - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate uterine activity during the third stage of labor and compare it to that observed in the second stage of labor. Study Design: Uterine electric activity was prospectively measured using electrical uterine myography (EUM) in 44 women with singleton pregnancy at term during the final 30 minutes ...
Yao Wei - - 2013
Recent advancements in fetal surgery have proven that tracheal occlusion in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia is an effective way to prevent the occurrence of pulmonary hypoplasia. A novel flexible fetoscope with a parallel mechanism structure of a thumbstick to carry on the fetal tracheal balloon occlusion by the targeting ...
Stanback John J FHI 360 , Research Triangle Park, NC , - - 2013
In many countries, pregnancy tests are not freely available in family planning clinics. As a result, providers sometimes deny services to non-menstruating clients due to uncertainty about pregnancy. Few clients are actually pregnant, yet denied clients run the risk of becoming pregnant, and those sent to pharmacies pay inflated prices ...
Engeland Anders A Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
We aimed to explore associations between drugs dispensed to the father prior to conception and pregnancy outcomes, such as pre-term birth, perinatal mortality, foetal growth retardation and birth defects. In this cohort study, two population-based registries, the Medical Birth Registry of Norway and the Norwegian Prescription Database, were linked. The ...
Koteff Justin J ViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2013
Dolutegravir (DTG; S/GSK1349572) is under clinical development as a once daily, unboosted integrase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection. The effect of DTG on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), and creatinine clearance (CLcr ) was evaluated in 34 healthy volunteers. Subjects received DTG 50 mg (once ...
Sanchez Sixto E SE Postgraduate School, Universidad San Martin de Porres, Lima, - - 2013
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is increasingly recognized as an important cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity. We assessed the relation between IPV and risk of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) among Peruvian women. The study was conducted among 479 pregnant women who delivered a preterm singleton infant (<37 weeks gestation) and ...
Lee Pei-Chen PC Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
Despite numerous studies of air pollution and adverse birth outcomes, few studies have investigated preeclampsia and gestational hypertension, two pregnancy disorders with serious consequences for both mother and infant. Relying on hospital birth records, we conducted a cohort study identifying 34,705 singleton births delivered at Magee-Women's Hospital in Pittsburgh, PA ...
Ferrari Renée M RM Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 725 Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd., Campus Box 7590, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7590, USA. - - 2013
To explore the association between health care provider advice about weight gain and gestational weight gain. Using data from a prospective cohort study, we explored the association between provider advice about weight gain in pregnancy with weight gain adequacy among 1,454 pregnant women. Provider advice was measured by maternal self-report ...
Zerbo Ousseny O Department of Public Health Sciences, MS1C, University of California-Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2013
We analyzed data from case groups of 538 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 163 with developmental delays (DD), and from 421 typically developing controls to assess associations with maternal influenza or fever during pregnancy. Exposure information was obtained by telephone interviews, and outcomes were clinically confirmed. Though neither ...
Weekrakkody Amaya A Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Sri - - 2013
Male partners play an important and vital role in the decision-making process regarding pregnant women's health. The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of expectant fathers about Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH), and anaemia during pregnancy. A cross sectional descriptive study ...
Pearson R M RM School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of alcohol exposure during pregnancy on a mother's responsiveness towards her infant after birth. Using longitudinal data from a subsample of 687 mother-infant dyads from a UK cohort study (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children), we investigated the influence ...
Frederick Ihunnaya O - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mounting evidence implicate habitual snoring, a prominent symptom of sleep-disordered breathing, as an important risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes including preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Little, however, is known about the determinants of habitual snoring among pregnant women. We sought to assess its prevalence and to identify maternal characteristics ...
Dentali F - - 2012
It was hypothesized that low-dose aspirin could improve implantation rates in subsequent pregnancies in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Previous studies have shown inconclusive results or focused on surrogate end-points. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature investigating the effect of low-dose ...
Kessler Jörg - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the clinical use of ST analysis (STAN) for intrapartum monitoring of high-risk pregnancies. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: University hospital, Norway, 2004-2008. Population: Singleton pregnancies with a gestational age above 35(+6) weeks. Methods: Analysis of maternal and neonatal outcomes for all deliveries according to the method of ...
Dadvand Payam P Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain. - - 2012
Green spaces have been associated with improved physical and mental health; however, the available evidence on the impact of green spaces on pregnancy is scarce. We investigated the association between surrounding greenness and birth weight, head circumference, and gestational age at delivery. This study was based on 2,393 singleton live ...
Westreich Daniel - - 2012
Pregnancy is a common indication for initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in sub-Saharan Africa. Our objective was to evaluate how pregnancy at treatment initiation predicts virologic response to HAART. We evaluated an open cohort of 9173 patients who initiated HAART between April 2004 and September 2009 in the ...
Al-Mandeel Hazem - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To assess the effects of intentional delivery (ID) over expectant management (EM) in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) between 28 and 34 weeks of gestation on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Methods: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and Science Citation Index; contacted experts, ...
Melamed Nir - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an abnormal 50g-glucose challenge test (GCT) is independently associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study of women with abnormal GCT (>140 mg/dl) but normal subsequent 100g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Pregnancy outcome was compared with that of women with normal GCT (<140 mg/dl). ...
Sekhavat Leila - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of global health problems and maternal obesity may be associated with increase in risk of pregnancy complications and neonatal death. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) on neonate Apgar score at minute 5. METHODS: In ...
Hume Heather - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of Shirodkar to McDonald cerclage in patients with singleton pregnancies undergoing an ultrasound-indicated cerclage. Methods: Historical cohort of all patients with singleton pregnancies undergoing cerclage for the indication of a short cervix on ultrasound (ultrasound-indicated) at one institution in 2005-2010 We compared outcomes based ...
Moini A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived by assisted reproduction technology (ART) with spontaneously conceived (SC) twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study compared all dichorionic twin pregnancies in nulliparous women following fresh in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or ICSI cycles at Royan ...
Velayo Clarissa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal cardiac performance by abdominal fetal electrocardiography (ECG) in monochorionic diamniotic pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS-MCDA). METHODS: Abdominal fetal ECG was attempted in 16 singleton, 21 non-TTTS-MCDA, and 14 TTTS-MCDA pregnancies at 16-27 weeks' gestation. Standard ECG parameters were compared across study groups and evaluated for ...
Chapinal N - - 2012
The objective was to identify herd-level indicators expressed as a proportion of sampled animals with increased nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) or β-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA), or decreased calcium in wk -1 and wk +1 relative to calving that were associated with herd-level incidence of retained placenta, metritis and displaced abomasum, milk ...
Lopriore Enrico - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction in singletons has been shown to enhance fetal lung maturation and reduce the risk of respiratory distress syndrome due to increased endogenous steroid production. However, data on lung maturation in growth-discordant monochorionic (thus, identical) twins are lacking. Our objective was to compare the risk of severe neonatal ...
De Vera Mary A - - 2012
Due to their effect on altering physiological interactions between vasodilator and vasoconstrictor autacoids in normal pregnancies, antidepressants may be associated with the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We evaluated the impact of antidepressant use during pregnancy on the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We conducted a nested case-control study within the Quebec ...
Heger A A Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2012
Endometrial receptivity plays a crucial role in the establishment of a healthy pregnancy in cycles of assisted reproduction. The endometrium as a key factor during reproduction can be assessed in multiple ways, most commonly through transvaginal grey-scale or 3-D ultrasound. It has been shown that controlled ovarian hyperstimulation has a great ...
Lachmann Robert - - 2012
Objective: To describe the first trimester diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). Methods: The midbrain and falx cerebri were examined in stored images of the midsagittal view of the fetal brain at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation from 15 fetuses with ACC and 500 normal controls. The midbrain diameter and ...
Takemura Yuri - - 2012
Although assisted reproductive technology (ART) is suspected to increase the risk of placenta previa, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, the reason is poorly understood. We recruited consecutive 318 pregnancies conceived by ART in our clinic and examined relation of ten variables, i.e. maternal age, gravidity, parity, male or female fetus, ...
Kuehn Devon D Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2012
Most children who are exposed to large quantities of alcohol in utero do not develop fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Population-based prospective data on the risk of developing components of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), however, are limited. This was a prospective cohort study of 9,628 women screened during their first ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a prognostic model for prediction of spontaneous preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study using data of the nationwide perinatal registry in The Netherlands. We studied 1,524,058 singleton pregnancies between 1999 and 2007. We developed a multiple logistic regression model to estimate the risk of ...
Santana Danielly S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of severe maternal complications associated with abortion in Brazil. METHODS: In a cross-sectional multicenter study, prospective surveillance was done for cases of potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC), maternal near miss (MNM), and maternal death (MD) among 9555 women with obstetric complications between June 2009 and May ...
Steiner Naama - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether episiotomy prevents 3rd or 4th degree perineal tears in critical conditions such as shoulder dystocia, instrumental deliveries (vacuum or forceps), persistent occiput-posterior position, fetal macrosomia (>4,000 g), and non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) patterns. METHODS: A retrospective study comparing 3rd and 4th degree perineal tears during vaginal ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion in Japanese twin pregnancies in comparison with those in Japanese singleton pregnancies. METHODS: We reviewed the obstetric records of all singleton and twin deliveries after 22 weeks' gestation at the ...
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