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Results 51 - 100 of 1326
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Melamed Nir - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an abnormal 50g-glucose challenge test (GCT) is independently associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study of women with abnormal GCT (>140 mg/dl) but normal subsequent 100g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Pregnancy outcome was compared with that of women with normal GCT (<140 mg/dl). ...
Sekhavat Leila - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of global health problems and maternal obesity may be associated with increase in risk of pregnancy complications and neonatal death. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) on neonate Apgar score at minute 5. METHODS: In ...
Hume Heather - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of Shirodkar to McDonald cerclage in patients with singleton pregnancies undergoing an ultrasound-indicated cerclage. Methods: Historical cohort of all patients with singleton pregnancies undergoing cerclage for the indication of a short cervix on ultrasound (ultrasound-indicated) at one institution in 2005-2010 We compared outcomes based ...
Moini A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived by assisted reproduction technology (ART) with spontaneously conceived (SC) twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study compared all dichorionic twin pregnancies in nulliparous women following fresh in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or ICSI cycles at Royan ...
Velayo Clarissa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal cardiac performance by abdominal fetal electrocardiography (ECG) in monochorionic diamniotic pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS-MCDA). METHODS: Abdominal fetal ECG was attempted in 16 singleton, 21 non-TTTS-MCDA, and 14 TTTS-MCDA pregnancies at 16-27 weeks' gestation. Standard ECG parameters were compared across study groups and evaluated for ...
Chapinal N - - 2012
The objective was to identify herd-level indicators expressed as a proportion of sampled animals with increased nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) or β-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA), or decreased calcium in wk -1 and wk +1 relative to calving that were associated with herd-level incidence of retained placenta, metritis and displaced abomasum, milk ...
Lopriore Enrico - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction in singletons has been shown to enhance fetal lung maturation and reduce the risk of respiratory distress syndrome due to increased endogenous steroid production. However, data on lung maturation in growth-discordant monochorionic (thus, identical) twins are lacking. Our objective was to compare the risk of severe neonatal ...
De Vera Mary A - - 2012
Due to their effect on altering physiological interactions between vasodilator and vasoconstrictor autacoids in normal pregnancies, antidepressants may be associated with the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We evaluated the impact of antidepressant use during pregnancy on the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We conducted a nested case-control study within the Quebec ...
Lachmann Robert - - 2012
Objective: To describe the first trimester diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). Methods: The midbrain and falx cerebri were examined in stored images of the midsagittal view of the fetal brain at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation from 15 fetuses with ACC and 500 normal controls. The midbrain diameter and ...
Takemura Yuri - - 2012
Although assisted reproductive technology (ART) is suspected to increase the risk of placenta previa, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, the reason is poorly understood. We recruited consecutive 318 pregnancies conceived by ART in our clinic and examined relation of ten variables, i.e. maternal age, gravidity, parity, male or female fetus, ...
Kuehn Devon D Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2012
Most children who are exposed to large quantities of alcohol in utero do not develop fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Population-based prospective data on the risk of developing components of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), however, are limited. This was a prospective cohort study of 9,628 women screened during their first ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a prognostic model for prediction of spontaneous preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study using data of the nationwide perinatal registry in The Netherlands. We studied 1,524,058 singleton pregnancies between 1999 and 2007. We developed a multiple logistic regression model to estimate the risk of ...
Santana Danielly S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of severe maternal complications associated with abortion in Brazil. METHODS: In a cross-sectional multicenter study, prospective surveillance was done for cases of potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC), maternal near miss (MNM), and maternal death (MD) among 9555 women with obstetric complications between June 2009 and May ...
Steiner Naama - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether episiotomy prevents 3rd or 4th degree perineal tears in critical conditions such as shoulder dystocia, instrumental deliveries (vacuum or forceps), persistent occiput-posterior position, fetal macrosomia (>4,000 g), and non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) patterns. METHODS: A retrospective study comparing 3rd and 4th degree perineal tears during vaginal ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion in Japanese twin pregnancies in comparison with those in Japanese singleton pregnancies. METHODS: We reviewed the obstetric records of all singleton and twin deliveries after 22 weeks' gestation at the ...
Faiz Ambarina S - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to examine the risk of stillbirth associated with ambient air pollution during pregnancy. Using live birth and fetal death data from New Jersey from 1998 to 2004, the authors assigned daily concentrations of air pollution to each birth or fetal death. Generalized estimating ...
Herring Sharon J - - 2012
Factors influencing excessive weight gain in pregnancy have not been well-studied among urban, low-income women. This prospective cohort study of 94 prenatal care patients at a large university hospital in Philadelphia examined associations of modifiable midpregnancy behaviors and nonmodifiable or early pregnancy factors with excessive gestational weight gain. Data were ...
Margulis Andrea V - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the use of monotherapy topiramate in pregnancy and cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) in the offspring. Data from the Slone Epidemiology Center Birth Defects Study (BDS) from 1997 to 2009 and the National Birth Defects Prevention ...
Maso Gianpaolo - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical significance of intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring in low-risk pregnancies according to guidelines and specific patterns. METHODS: An obstetrician, blinded to neonatal outcome, retrospectively reviewed 198 low-risk cases that underwent continuous electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) during the last 2 h before delivery. The tracings were ...
Resch B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of cerebral palsy in multiples has been reported. AIMS: To determine the risk for the development of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) of twin and triplet pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single-centre study at a tertiary care university hospital. SUBJECTS: Infants ≤35 weeks gestational age born between 1988 and ...
Azim Hatem A HA - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is relatively rare with considerable controversy regarding its prognosis. PATIENTS & METHODS: Two of the authors independently performed a literature search with no date or language restrictions. Eligible studies were control-matched, population-based and hospital-based studies that addressed the outcome of patients diagnosed during pregnancy or ...
Rogawski Elizabeth T - - 2012
Background. Fetal anemia is common in malarious areas and is a risk factor for infant morbidity and mortality. Malaria during pregnancy may cause decreased cord hemoglobin (Hb) and fetal anemia among newborns. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is protective against malaria, but may also affect hematopoiesis and ...
Lykke Jacob A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: First trimester bleeding without miscarriage is a risk factor for complications later in the pregnancy, such as preterm delivery. Also, first trimester miscarriage has been linked to subsequent maternal ischemic heart disease. We investigated the link between maternal cardiovascular disease prior to and subsequent to first trimester bleeding without ...
Prats Pilar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to describe the performance of first-trimester combined risk assessment in twin pregnancies. METHODS: Maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) were determined at 8 to 12 weeks and fetal nuchal translucency (NT) was measured at 11 to 13+6 weeks. The individual risk was ...
Harita Nobuko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, who have growth restriction, have higher perinatal morbidity and mortality. Excessive inflammatory reaction such as neutrophil activation has been observed in pregnant women whose offspring had restricted fetal growth, but the association between white blood cell (WBC) counts and SGA birth has not yet been assessed. ...
Imhoff-Kunsch Beth - - 2012
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), primarily Ascaris, Trichuris and hookworm, inflict a substantial morbidity burden on poor populations living in tropical and subtropical regions. Chronic STH infections can cause intestinal blood loss and nutrient loss and/or malabsorption, which can result in or exacerbate iron deficiency, anaemia and other nutritional deficiencies. More than ...
Liao Huifang - - 2012
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of the fetal plantar shape in prenatal diagnosis of talipes equinovarus. Methods- A case-control study was conducted between September 2009 and February 2011. We measured the width and length of 249 feet (156 fetuses) included in this study and ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2012
Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency globally. Children and women of reproductive age are at a particular risk of iron deficiency. Anaemia during pregnancy is a specific risk factor for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. The objective of this review was to assess the impact of routine iron ...
Thangaratinam S - - 2012
Around 50% of women of childbearing age are either overweight [body mass index (BMI) 25-29.9 kg/m(2)] or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The antenatal period provides an opportunity to manage weight in pregnancy. This has the potential to reduce maternal and fetal complications associated with excess weight gain and obesity. ...
Imhoff-Kunsch Beth - - 2012
Evidence from observational studies and randomised trials has suggested a potential association between intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) during pregnancy and certain pregnancy and birth outcomes. Marine foods (e.g. fatty sea fish, algae) and select freshwater fish contain pre-formed n-3 LCPUFA, which serve as precursors for bioactive ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2012
Gestational hypertensive disorders are the second leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that an inverse relationship exists between calcium intake and development of hypertension in pregnancy. The purpose of this review was to evaluate preventive effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on gestational hypertensive ...
Bodén Robert - - 2012
CONTEXT Knowledge about the effects of exposure to the newer antipsychotics during pregnancy is limited. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of maternal use of antipsychotics during pregnancy on gestational diabetes and fetal growth. DESIGN Population-based cohort study comparing women exposed and not exposed to antipsychotics during pregnancy. Exposure was defined ...
Rode Line - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To estimate the association between cytokine levels in twin pregnancies and risk of spontaneous preterm delivery, including the effect of progesterone treatment. METHODS:: This secondary analysis of a randomized placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of progesterone treatment on preterm delivery in twin pregnancies included 523 women with available dried ...
Edwards Digna R Velez - - 2012
To estimate the association between over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) exposure during the early first trimester and risk for spontaneous abortion (gestation before 20 weeks of gestation) in a prospective cohort. Women were enrolled in the Right from the Start study (2004-2010). Exposure data regarding over-the-counter NSAID use from the ...
Harper Lorie M - - 2012
Objective: To estimate the association of first trimester growth discordance and adverse pregnancy outcomes in dichorionic twin pregnancies. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all consecutive women with dichorionic twin pregnancies undergoing ultrasound between 7-14 weeks gestation. Study groups were defined by the presence of ≥ 11% crown-rump length (CRL) ...
Kondapalli L A - - 2012
Although close observation of serum estradiol (E2) levels remains a mainstay of assessing clinical response to controlled ovarian stimulation, the prognostic value of any change in E2 levels after administration of hCG remains unclear. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between serum E2 response after hCG ...
Schneuer F J - - 2012
To describe normative levels of PP13 in first trimester of pregnancy and determine the accuracy of PP13 in predicting preeclampsia and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. We measured PP13 in archived first trimester serum samples from an unselected maternal cohort of 2989 women. Associations of PP13 levels and diagnostic ...
Stirnemann Julien J - - 2012
We sought to compare intrauterine risks with postnatal outcome in monochorionic pregnancies operated by fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. A cohort of 602 consecutive cases was analyzed. Unexpected prenatal adverse events were identified when a fatal or potentially fatal event occurred that could have been avoided by timely ...
Schneuer Francisco J - - 2012
Context:High serum levels of TSH have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes by some studies, and not by others.Objective:The aim of the study was to assess the association between high levels of TSH in the first trimester of pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes; and to examine the predictive accuracy as ...
Yeung Tracy Wing Yee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our previous randomized controlled study showed that the complete abortion rate in termination of pregnancy up to 63 days with the combined use of letrozole for 3 days followed by vaginal misoprostol was significantly higher than that of misoprostol alone. A positive correlation was observed between the basal estradiol ...
Witiw Christopher D - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Cerebral cavernous malformations are brain vascular malformations associated with intracranial hemorrhage. It is unclear if pregnancy is a risk factor for hemorrhage, yet there is speculation it may be. OBJECTIVE:: To compare the risk of clinically significant hemorrhage during pregnancy and non-pregnancy. METHODS:: 186 patients from the University of ...
Liu Yuanyuan - - 2012
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the combined associations of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with pregnancy outcomes in Chinese women. METHODS: Data for 292,568 singleton term pregnancies were selected from 1993 to 2005 based on the Perinatal Health Care Surveillance System, with anthropometric measurements being ...
Kim Ill Hwa - - 2012
This study analyzed the effect of corpus luteum (CL) formation during weeks 3-5 postpartum on the subsequent reproductive performance of dairy cows. Factors contributing to CL formation during the postpartum period were also determined. Data were collected from 1524 Holstein dairy cows on 18 farms using a single ultrasonographic examination ...
Ferreira Ana Fatima A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure changes in the posterior fossa of first-trimester fetuses with trisomy 18, trisomy 13 and triploidy. METHODS: Brain stem (BS) diameter and BS to occipital bone (BSOB) diameter were measured in images of the midsagittal view of the face at 11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks from 45 trisomy 18, ...
Maheshwari Abha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of obstetric and perinatal complications in singleton pregnancies after the transfer of frozen thawed and fresh embryos generated through IVF. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Observational studies, comparing obstetric and perinatal outcomes in singleton pregnancies subsequent to frozen thawed ET versus fresh embryo ...
Dodd J M - - 2012
To evaluate whether for women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancy, elective birth at 37 weeks of gestation was associated with reduced risk of death or serious outcomes for babies, without increasing harm. Randomised controlled trial. Maternity hospitals across Australia, New Zealand and Italy. A total of 235 women with an ...
Wallace J M - - 2012
Herein we report placental weight and efficiency in relation to maternal BMI and the risk of pregnancy complications in 55,105 pregnancies. Adjusted placental weight increased with increasing BMI through underweight, normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese categories and accordingly underweight women were more likely to experience placental growth restriction [OR ...
Schwartz Rachelle - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the ability of early sonogram to predict the presentation of twin A at birth. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on all twin pregnancies evaluated at our Fetal Evaluation Unit from 2007-2009. Sonogram records were reviewed for the presentation of twin A at seven gestational ...
Fischer-Betz R - - 2012
Among the most prominent features associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are cerebral ischaemic events (CVE). Pregnancy with APS increases the risk of thrombosis, including CVE. This study was undertaken to assess the risk of obstetric complications and recurrence of CVE during pregnancy in women with APS and previous CVE. We ...
Henry D E - - 2012
Objective:We aimed to evaluate rates of delivery and clinical manifestations of preterm severe preeclampsia in singleton and twin gestations.Study Design:This retrospective cohort study included 86 765 deliveries from 2000 to 2009, including 3244 twins. Rates of delivery for severe preeclampsia among infants born 24 to 31+6, and 32 to 36+6 weeks ...
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