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Lee Ho-Chang - - 2003
A 27-yr-old woman who had been taking warfarin for 10 yr after mitral valve replacement became pregnant. After knowing her pregnancy, she received heparinization for nine weeks instead of warfarin, and took oral anticoagulant again. At 24 weeks of gestation, fetal ultrasound and MRI showed a left subdural hematoma, and ...
Refuerzo Jerrie S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, signs, symptoms and clinical outcomes of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was conducted from 1997 to 2001 including women with a diagnosis or suspicion of VTE during pregnancy. Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients with a suspicion for VTE were ...
Dhont Marc - - 2003
Recurrent miscarriage is defined as the occurrence of three consecutive pregnancy losses during the first trimester. Although it affects only 1% of all couples, it is a most frustrating experience for the patient as well as for the clinician. Frustrating for the couple because they rarely obtain clear-cut reasons for ...
Pietrowski Detlef - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between idiopathic recurrent miscarriage and a polymorphism of the gene encoding for angiopoietin-2 (ANGPT2), an autochthonous modulator of angiogenesis during pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective case control study. SETTING: Academic research institution. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-one women with a history of three or more consecutive pregnancy losses ...
Sloan Michael A. - - 2003
Stroke during pregnancy is a special category of stroke in young women. Although the absolute risk is small, there are diverse causes, including those inherent to the pregnant state, that may have a significant impact on maternal and fetal outcome. Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are commonly associated with ischemic and ...
Howard Patricia A - - 2003
Low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) are replacing unfractionated heparin (UH) as safe and effective agents for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism. Although LMWH offer many advantages over UH, usage is less clearly defined in certain special populations, including renal dysfunction, obesity and pregnancy. This article will briefly review the ...
Ulug Ulun - - 2003
The majority of the venous thromboembolic events seen in patient following gonadotropin administration were associated with the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). However, in this case report, a 29-year-old woman that conceived by controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, intracytoplasmic sperm injection and subsequent embryo transfer without conjunction of OHSS was described. ...
Pabinger Ingrid - - 2003
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs infrequently but is a leading cause of illness and death during pregnancy and the puerperium. In the general population the incidence of pregnancy associated VTE is approximately 1 in 1500 deliveries The risk of VTE is five times higher in a pregnant than in a non-pregnant ...
Ishikawa Tetsuya - - 2003
The usefulness of a temporary inferior vena cava filter (t-IVC-f) for the prevention of acute pulmonary thromboembolism (APTE) associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been established, but not the requirement for an additional therapeutic method when the t-IVC-f has captured a thrombus. A woman underwent implantation of a t-IVC-f just ...
Gürbüz B - - 2003
The potential role of endocrine abnormalities during the follicular phase in women with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss was investigated in a retrospective study. Eighty women with recurrent pregnancy loss underwent routine work-up to exclude known associations with the condition. Following investigation, 58 women failed to reveal an identifiable cause, and ...
Ruggeri Zaira - - 2003
Essential thrombocythemia is a rare disease of unknown origin characterized by abnormal increase in the platelet count. We report a case diagnosed in a woman who had had an early miscarriage in her first pregnancy, a voluntary abortion because a fetal chromosomal aberration in the second pregnancy and at last ...
Myers Bethan - - 2003
We describe a case where danaparoid was used prophylactically in a high-risk twin pregnancy following the development of heparin-allergy while on prophylactic dalteparin. Danaparoid was substituted for dalteparin at 20 weeks of pregnancy following the development of a severe skin reaction while on the low molecular weight heparin. Although there ...
Buchholz Tina - - 2003
The development of thrombotic disorders is a major threat for young women during pregnancy. It is one of the main causes of pregnancy-related disorders, which may also result in harm for the conceptus. Successful pregnancies require an even balance of coagulation and fibrinolysis, in order to secure stabilization of the ...
Waddy Salina - - 2003
Cerebrovascular disease in pregnancy poses challenges to clinicians because of the difficulty in diagnosing the underlying etiology as well as the potential fetal toxicity of diagnostic testing and treatment. The underlying etiology for stroke in the pregnant patient must be aggressively sought and is critical to appropriate therapy: 1) If ...
Ginsberg J S - - 2003
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) probably increases 2-4-fold in pregnancy and is higher after a caesarean section than after vaginal delivery. Management of VTE in pregnancy is challenging. Many diagnostic tests are less accurate in pregnant than in non-pregnant patients and some radiologic procedures expose the fetus to ionizing ...
Gerhardt Andrea - - 2003
In a retrospective study of 190 women with a first history of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy and the puerperium and 190 age-matched women with at least one prior pregnancy and no history of venous thromboembolism, the individual probability of thrombosis was determined. Assuming an overall risk of 1 in 1500 ...
Dossenbach-Glaninger Astrid - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A successful outcome of pregnancy depends on proper placental formation. In the very beginning of this process, trophoblast invasion and fibrin deposition into the wall of the decidual veins play an important part. Two polymorphisms, coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) Val34Leu and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G, interfere with ...
Sephton V - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maternal response to low molecular weight heparin during pregnancy, by estimation of plasma anti-Xa activity, at three specified gestation points and in the nonpregnant state. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective, observational study was set in a tertiary referral recurrent miscarriage clinic. Twenty-four women, attending consecutively, were invited ...
Hague William M - - 2003
Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state affecting both the coagulation and the fibrinolytic systems. Any exacerbation of the pre-disposing factors for coagulation may well lead to a thrombotic event more often in pregnant women than in the general population. Arterial thrombosis is very rare in pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia may be a risk ...
Grandone Elvira - - 2003
The most common causes of inherited thrombophilia, the factor V Leiden and the factor II A20210 mutations, confer a higher risk of venous thromboembolism. Moreover, several studies have suggested that they can have a role in the occurrence of gestational vascular complications in otherwise unexplained recurrent fetal losses, hypertensive disorders ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2003
A growing body of evidence obtained during the past 6 years suggests a significant role for inherited thrombophilia in the development of gestational vascular complications. Case-control and cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that thrombophilia is more prevalent in cohorts of women with pregnancy loss. Placental pathological findings in women with thrombophilia ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2003
Gestational vascular complications are a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity.A growing body of evidence suggests a significant role for inherited thrombophilia in the development of gestational vascular complications. While the majority of women with thrombophilia will have an uneventful gestation, case-control studies demonstrated that thrombophilia is more prevalent ...
Yarranton Helen - - 2003
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is not a feature of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), but there has been a recent report of VTE in association with plasma exchange (PEX) treatment for TTP using the solvent detergent (SD) plasma, PLAS+SD. We reviewed the occurrence of VTE in 68 consecutive patients with TTP (25 ...
Folsom Aaron R - - 2003
Prior research has conflicted on whether increased levels of plasma fibrinolytic factors may identify patients at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We therefore performed a nested case-control study of VTE within two prospective population-based studies. In 308 participants who developed VTE and 640 controls, we measured PAI-1 antigen, tPA/PAI-1 complex, ...
Branch D Ware - - 2003
Antiphospholipid syndrome, a condition characterized by one or more thrombotic or pregnancy-related clinical features in association with medium to high levels of antiphospholipid antibodies, has emerged as an important diagnostic consideration in several medical fields. Antiphospholipid syndrome is one of the few treatable causes of pregnancy loss, and successful pregnancy ...
Greer Ian A - - 2003
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is the major cause of maternal death in the UK. Underlying PTE is the problem of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Inherited thrombophilia will be found in about 50% of women with a personal history of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and screening for thrombophilia should be considered in women ...
Rai Raj - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pregnancy is a hypercoaguable state. The hypothesis has been developed that many cases of recurrent miscarriage and of later pregnancy complications are caused by a defective maternal haemostatic response leading to thrombosis of the uteroplacental vasculature and subsequent fetal loss. The evidence upon which this hypothesis is ...
Bowles Louise - - 2003
Thromboprophylaxis, primary or secondary, should be considered in selected pregnant women with inherited thrombophilias; such women may be divided into high-, medium- and low-risk categories on the basis of the specific thrombophilic defect and any personal or family history of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Women at high risk of VTE should ...
Wade Michael - - 2003
Treprostinil sodium was recently approved in the United States for continuous subcutaneous infusion in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Anticoagulation with warfarin is recommended in PAH therapy. Given the likelihood for treprostinil and warfarin coadministration, a single-blind, controlled, crossover study was conducted to evaluate the effect of treprostinil ...
Sood Rashmi - - 2003
Genetic or acquired thrombophilia of the pregnant mother has been associated with the occurrence of gestational vascular disease and recurrent fetal loss and may contribute to the aetiology of pre-eclampsia. This chapter reviews insights into this link between thrombophilia and pregnancy complications that were gained from the study of genetically ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2003
Inherited and acquired thrombophilia are the main cause of thrombosis in pregnant women. A growing number of reports over the last 6 years suggest that these disorders are also associated with an increased incidence of vascular pathologies resulting in poor gestational outcome. This review discusses recent data on thrombophilia and ...
Rodger Marc A - - 2003
Suspected or confirmed venous thromboembolism (VTE) (deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) in non-pregnant patients are common clinical problems with ample clinical research upon which diagnostic and treatment recommendations are based. Unfortunately, the level of complexity is increased in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of pregnancy-associated VTE by evolving physiological changes ...
Mehraein S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of recurrence of cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST) during subsequent pregnancy and puerperium in women with previous cerebral venous occlusive disease. METHODS: The authors retrospectively studied the relapse rate of CVST and the incidence of extracerebral venous thrombosis during subsequent pregnancies in 39 women ...
O'Riordan Máiread N - - 2003
Haemostasis is a complex and dynamic equilibrium involving pro-coagulants, the natural anticoagulation system and fibrinolysis. Normal human pregnancy is associated with profound alterations to the process of haemostasis such that the pro-coagulant effect becomes dominant. There are very few studies which have attempted to elucidate the adaptations that take place ...
Bauduer F - - 2003
We investigated the distribution of the prothrombin variant G20210A (PT20210A) in a sample of 103 patients (mean age: 34.5 years) living in the French Basque Country and presenting with conditions known to be significantly associated with this peculiar mutation according to a literature review. These patients suffered from repeated personal ...
Vural Kerem M - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Forty-six pregnancies among 32 patients after mitral valve replacement (MVR) were reviewed. Prosthetic valve-related complications, and outcome of pregnancy including feto-maternal mortality and morbidity for different anticoagulation regimens are presented and discussed. METHODS: Among 521 women of fertile age undergoing MVR with a St. ...
Cucurull Elena - - 2003
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is a recently defined autoimmune disorder characterized by recurrent vascular thromboses or recurrent pregnancy morbidity; these features are linked to the presence in blood of autoantibodies against negatively charged phospholipids or phospholipid-binding proteins. Thrombosis can occur in any tissue, in veins, arteries, or the microvasculature. Pregnancy ...
Griesshammer Martin - - 2003
The management of pregnant patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a difficult problem. The clinical course of ET is mainly determined by thromboembolic complications. Pregnancy itself is a physiological hypercoagulable state. When ET affects women during pregnancy, an adverse outcome caused by thrombotic complications is a matter of concern. We ...
Alessandrini Francesco - - 2003
Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis in pregnancy is a life-threatening complication whose management remains controversial and particularly difficult because of the additional challenge to save the fetus. Thrombolysis, thrombectomy, or prosthetic replacement are the currently available options. We report the case of a 17-week pregnant patient who was successfully treated by ...
Rowan Janet A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prophylactic and therapeutic enoxaparin in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Three-year prospective audit. SETTING: Tertiary level obstetric hospital. POPULATION: Fifty-two women who received subcutaneous enoxaparin, either a prophylactic dose (40 mg daily) in 26 pregnancies or therapeutic dose (1 mg/kg twice daily) in 32 ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2003
A large body of evidence obtained during the last 6 years suggests a significant role for inherited thrombophilia in the development of gestational vascular complications. Case-control studies demonstrated that thrombophilia is more prevalent in cohorts of women with pregnancy loss. Other complications such as preeclampsia, placental abruption, and intrauterine growth ...
Heller Debra S - - 2003
Subchorionic hematomas (SCHs) are associated with poor reproductive outcome including spontaneous abortions and stillbirth. Although many associations with maternal and prenatal factors have been reported, an underlying etiology has not been elucidated. We report three cases of SCHs associated with thrombophilias in the mother. One patient suffered a fetal demise ...
Rey Evelyne - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the strength of the controversial association between thrombophilia and fetal loss, and to examine whether it varies according to the timing or definition of fetal loss. METHODS: We searched Medline and Current Contents for articles published between 1975 and 2002 and their references with ...
Carroll Lisa A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Heparin decreases dermal fibroblast proliferation and collagen production according to several studies. Heparin may mediate these effects by altering the levels of growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-b1). This study sought to delineate the effect of heparin on proliferation and ...
Triolo Giovanni - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 2 most efficacious therapeutic regimens, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and anticoagulation with low molecular weight (LMW) heparin plus low-dose aspirin, in women with recurrent pregnancy loss associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). METHODS: We examined 40 women with recurrent abortion (at least 3 occurrences) and repeatedly positive test ...
Brown David J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the otologic phenotype in a family with autosomal dominant stapes ankylosis, hyperopia, and skeletal abnormalities caused by a mutation in the noggin gene (NOG). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Academic tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Eight affected and 3 unaffected family members. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: History, physical and ...
Greer Ian A - - 2003
Pulmonary thromboembolism is a major cause of maternal mortality. DVT causes significant morbidity in pregnancy and in later life owing to the post-thrombotic syndrome. Obstetricians must have an understanding of the risk factors for VTE, the appropriate use of prophylaxis, the need for objective diagnosis in women with suspected VTE, ...
Carp H - - 2003
The effect of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), on the subsequent live birth rate, in thrombophilic women with recurrent miscarriage has not been sufficiently assessed. The present study is a cohort study undertaken to assess the effect of enoxaparin on the subsequent live birth rate in women with ...
Clark Peter - - 2003
Normal pregnancy results in significant changes in maternal plasma coagulation factors, elements of the protein C/protein S natural anticoagulant system, and markers of fibrinolysis. These changes result in an increase in thrombin and fibrin generation, which is necessary for the hemostatic challenge of delivery and for normal placental implantation and ...
Greer Ian A - - 2003
There is growing evidence implicating congenital and acquired thrombophilias in the pathophysiological processes underlying miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and pre-eclampsia. Pregnancy itself is notably a hypercoagulable state, at least in part, due to the physiological changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems; this has the potential for interaction with ...
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