Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 1420
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Ensom Mary H H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Little pharmacokinetic data are available for either low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) or unfractionated heparins (UFHs) in pregnancy. The objectives of this study were to determine whether differences exist in the pharmacokinetics of dalteparin and UFH before and during the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy in women ...
Nassar Anwar H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the risks and pregnancy outcome in women with prosthetic heart valves on different anticoagulent regimens. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of 82 pregnancies in 33 women with mechanical valve prostheses at a tertiary referral center from 1987 to 2002. The main outcome ...
Ezemba N - - 2004
There is an increased risk of thromboembolism, anticoagulant-related haemorrhage, foetal-wastage, and congestive cardiac failure in pregnant women with mechanical heart valves. Pregnancy in such patients is a high risk venture. In order to have a good outcome, the care of such patients must necessarily be multidisciplinary and in a well-equipped ...
Kujovich Jody L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines the strength of the association between thrombophilia and recurrent pregnancy loss and other serious obstetric complications. Study design Electronic databases and manual bibliography searches were used to identify studies evaluating the association between thrombophilia and pregnancy loss, preeclampsia, fetal growth retardation, and placental abruption. RESULTS: ...
Saijo Yasuaki - - 2004
PROBLEM: Enhanced secretion of type-2 T-helper (Th2) cytokine is a characteristic feature in normal physiological pregnancy. A study has demonstrated defective production of interleukine-4 (IL-4) and other Th2 cytokine in women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Several studies have suggested that IL-4 variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) gene polymorphism ...
Makino Aiko - - 2004
PROBLEM: It is controversial whether polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are associated with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHOD OF STUDY: We studied the frequency of the C677T polymorphism of MTHFR and a eNOS gene polymorphism, as well as the plasma levels of homocysteine and ...
Qi Yiwei - - 2004
Although heparin and low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) have been widely used clinically as anticoagulants, their broader use has been limited by the lack of noninvasive delivery methods for this class of molecules. In this study, we demonstrate an efficient, rapid, and reproducible delivery system for heparin through the lungs that is ...
Elkayam Uri - - 2004
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of thrombosis in women with mechanical prosthetic heart valves. Effective anticoagulation is therefore critical in such patients but remains problematic, since oral anticoagulation and both unfractionated and low-molecular-weight heparin may be associated with important fetal and maternal side effects. To review information related ...
Ariel Ilana - - 2004
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that placental vascular lesions of the fetal circulation are caused by fetal thrombophilic mutations. The study included 64 newborns of women with one or more of the following pregnancy complications: preeclampsia, placental abruption, and intrauterine growth restriction. The most prevalent ...
Doyle Nora M - - 2004
Venous thromboembolic disease is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Virchow's triad of hypercoagulability, venous stasis, and vascular damage all occur during pregnancy. The risk of venous thromboembolism is five to six times higher during pregnancy and the puerperium. Risk factors include age greater than 35, antiphospholipid antibodies, ...
O'Connell Michael P - - 2004
Thromboprophylaxis is increasingly advocated in pregnancy for certain clinical conditions. Low molecular weight heparins offer potential benefit over unfractionated heparins with increased bioavailability and a longer half-life, thus allowing for once daily administration. This study aims to determine if monitoring of anti-Xa activity is necessary in pregnant women undergoing thromboprophylaxis. ...
Coppage Kristin H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine recurrence risk and pregnancy outcome in 23 women with a history of stroke. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a descriptive study of 23 women (35 pregnancies) with a history of stroke. Charts were reviewed from 1990 through 2002. The data were analyzed ...
Hanania Guy - - 2004
Heparin is indicated to replace warfarin in patients with valve disease requiring antithrombotic treatment. Its use in thus necessary for short periods during which warfarin is contraindicated, but the thromboembolic risk persists. These circumstances, which are common in patients with mechanical prostheses, include: hemorrhagic risk or event complicating an existing ...
Fukuda Tsuyoshi - - 2004
A woman with double outlet left ventricle (DOLV) had undergone a Rastelli operation using a prosthetic Björk Shiley valve and who was receiving anticoagulant drug delivered a healthy male infant. Oral warfarin was replaced by heparin from the 5th to the 13th week of gestation and for the last 5 ...
Cohen Susan Murphy - - 2004
Normal maternal adaptation to pregnancy significantly increases the risk for thrombus formation. Inherited thrombophilias further increase risk for deep venous thrombosis and adverse outcome in pregnancy. Factor V Leiden mutation is the most common inherited thrombophilia, occurring in approximately 5% of the White and 1% of the Black populations. Nurses ...
Makino Aiko - - 2004
During pregnancy, maternal floor infarction (MFI) and massive perivillous fibrin deposition (MFD) often cause fetal growth restriction and death, both being markedly increased by occlusion of the maternal intravenous circulation. Incident rates have been reported to be in the range of 0.09-0.5% and recurrent MFI/MFD might be more frequent in ...
Colman-Brochu Stephanie - - 2004
This article provides a review of the incidence, pathophysiology, and treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy, a rare but serious complication of pregnancy. The incidence of DVT in pregnancy varies widely, but it is a leading cause of maternal morbidity in both the United States and the United ...
Carlin A J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of long-term low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) on bone mineral density (BMD) during pregnancy. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with recurrent miscarriage and known thrombophilia (antiphospholipid syndrome) were followed through pregnancy in an ethically approved prospective observational study. All women had ...
Dossenbach-Glaninger Astrid - - 2004
Inherited and acquired thrombophilia are associated with recurrent pregnancy loss. Recently, an increased risk for thromboembolic disease was described for patients with elevated coagulation factor VIII, but it is unknown whether there is also an association to early pregnancy loss. We therefore evaluated the relation between recurrent early pregnancy loss ...
Chan Wee Shian - - 2004
Venous thromboembolism is a major preventable cause of maternal mortality in developed countries. Following objective diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, appropriate treatment with anticoagulation should be initiated. The therapeutic options in pregnancy are limited to the use of either unfractionated heparin or low molecular weight heparin. Oral ...
Omwandho Charles O A - - 2004
Recurrent pregnancy loss has been associated with autoimmune responses to membrane phospholipids and alloimmune reactions against paternally derived molecules on the trophoblast. The problem is psychologically and economically stressful as it undermines the capacity of some couples to reproduce and participate effectively in the day-to-day economic activities. This article reviews ...
Greer Ian A - - 2004
Venous thromboembolic complications (VTE) are a leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed World. To reduce the incidence VTE in pregnancy, and improve outcomes, a wider understanding of the risk factors involved and a better identification of women at risk of thrombosis coupled with effective thromboprophylaxis are required. The ...
Dendrinos Spyros - - 2005
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the type of pregnancy loss (PL) in women with recurrent miscarriages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 411 women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) attending the Recurrent Miscarriage Clinic of the 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ...
Kovalevsky George - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a significant clinical problem. Recently, thrombophilias have been implicated as a possible cause. Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene (G20210A) mutations are the most common types of hereditary thrombophilias, but are usually undiagnosed because most carriers are asymptomatic. The relationship between FVL, G20210A, ...
Ageno Walter - - 2004
A number of clinical conditions can require the use of antithrombotic drugs during pregnancy. These mainly include prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and fetal complications in high-risk patients, treatment of VTE and prevention of arterial emboli in patients with mechanical heart valve prostheses. However, there are several problems when using ...
Roqué Henry - - 2004
We investigated the association between inherited and acquired maternal thrombophilias and adverse pregnancy events. A cohort of 491 patients with a history of adverse pregnancy outcomes was evaluated for activated protein C resistance, factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations, hyperhomocysteinemia, deficiencies of antithrombin, protein C and S and both ...
Saijo Yasuaki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between recurrent pregnancy loss and single nucleotide polymorphisms (-634C-->G and -174G-->C genotypes) in the promoter region of the interleukin (IL)-6 gene in the Japanese population. DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING: Obstetrics and gynecology department of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Cases were 76 women with recurrent ...
Saisto Terhi - - 2004
Inherited thrombophilias, suggested to be risk factors for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and known to be associated with venous thromboembolism during pregnancy, may also increase the risk for preeclampsia (PE). We describe the case of a 29-year-old woman with primary infertility with no history of thrombosis, hypertension or renal disorders. In ...
Triolo G - - 2004
For more than two decades, the intravenous administration of high doses of IgG pooled from the plasma of healthy donors (immune globulin therapy, also known as 'IVIG') has benefited patients with a variety of autoimmune disorders. A potential therapeutic role of IVIG in the prevention of thrombosis and of miscarriages ...
Chugh Aman - - 2004
An immediate recurrence of AF may occur after restoration of sinus rhythm. Although pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has been shown to prevent immediate recurrence of AF, the specific trigger for immediate recurrence of AF has not been described. In 89 consecutive patients (mean age 53 +/- 11 years) who had ...
Kupferminc Michael J - - 2004
Hypercoagulability leading to placental thrombosis has been implicated in severe pregnancy complications. We compared the perinatal outcome in women with severe preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and severe abruptio placentae and multiple acquired and inherited thrombophilias (study group, n=22) to matched women with similar complications and single thrombophilia (control group, ...
Cervera R - - 2004
Recurrent pregnancy loss is now considered a treatable clinical condition associated with antiphospholipid antibodies. The management of pregnant patients with antiphospholipid syndrome is mainly based on the use of antiaggregant/anticoagulant agents (with aspirin and heparin) to prevent thrombosis in the uteroplacental circulation. Interventions with these drug therapies and monitored pregnancy ...
Di Stefano L - - 2004
The authors describe a case of DVT during pregnancy in a 41-year-old woman who had a normal haemocoagulative picture during pregnancy and in puerperium (PT, PTT, S protein, C protein, ATIII, xdp and fibrinogenous). All the haemocoagulative dosages were within the norm and compatible with the gestation period. Both homocysteine ...
Hefler Lukas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We determined whether gene polymorphisms associated with thrombophilia and vascular disease as etiologic factors were involved in the pathogenesis of pregnancy-associated complications. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter case-control study in which we studied 94 women with late unexplained intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) and 94 healthy women with at least ...
Carp Howard - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Circulating microparticles are markers of cell activation associated with various prothrombotic states. As hypoxia due to uteroplacental thrombosis is considered to be one of the causes of pregnancy loss, microparticles may be associated with pregnancy loss, in addition to, or as part of, other procoagulant states such as antiphospholipid ...
Krabbendam Ineke - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of treatment in patients analyzed for recurrent spontaneous miscarriage with a diagnosis of a hereditary thrombophilia, the presence of antiphospholipid and/or autoimmune antibodies, and/or hyperhomocystinemia (HHC) with or without methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms. In total, 76 women with 2 or ...
Meglic Leon - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of inherited and acquired risk factors for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy and the puerperium. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective study, 30 women with a history of objectively confirmed venous thromboembolism during pregnancy or the puerperium were studied. Fifty-six women with normal pregnancies ...
Bjørge Line - - 2003
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired hemolytic anemia in which a defect of glycophosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins in the cell membrane of bone marrow stem cells leads to increased sensitivity of the red cells to complement, causing intravascular hemolysis and hemoglobinuria. Other clinical features of this disease are cytopenia and ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2003
Our specific aim was to assess associations of thrombophilia, hypofibrinolysis, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) (>/=3 consecutive pregnancy losses < 20 weeks gestation). Prospective studies were performed in 33 Caucasian women referred for diagnosis and treatment of PCOS who were subsequently found to have RPL ...
Antovic A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Activated thrombin generation and depressed fibrinolysis due to the presence of activated protein C (APC) resistance with or without factor (F)V Leiden mutation are associated with development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). OBJECTIVE: A better understanding of the mechanism behind the risk of recurrence of DVT, using our new, ...
Gebhardt Gabriel S - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The most important acquired thrombophilia related to poor pregnancy outcome is probably antiphospholipid syndrome. Inherited thrombophilias that have been implicated in venous thromboembolism and poor pregnancy outcome and for which standard tests are generally available are antithrombin III deficiency, the factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin G20210A mutation ...
Hunt Beverley J - - 2003
The comparatively high rate of complications, both to the mother and foetus, of warfarin and unfractionated heparin have led to an increased use of low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) in pregnant women at risk of thrombosis. However, despite reliable pharmacokinetics of LMWH, current practice is that anti-activated factor X levels ...
Pabinger Ingrid - - 2003
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs infrequently but is a leading cause of illness and death during pregnancy and the puerperium. In the general population the incidence of pregnancy-associated VTE is approximately 1 in 1500 deliveries. The risk of VTE is five times higher in a pregnant than in a nonpregnant woman. ...
Blickstein Dorith - - 2003
The use of low-molecular-weight heparin has been expanded to prevent pregnancy complications such as pregnancy loss, intra-uterine growth restriction and severe early-onset pre-eclampsia in high-risk patients with evidence of acquired or congenital thrombophilia. Therefore, the number of patients with side effects from low-molecular-weight heparin is expected to increase. We describe ...
Kupferminc Michael J - - 2003
Pregnancy is hypercoagulable state. The field of thrombophilia; the tendency to thrombosis, has been developed rapidly and has been linked to many aspects of pregnancy. It is recently that severe pregnancy complications such as severe preeclampsia intrauterine growth retardation abruptio placentae and stillbirth has been shown to be associated with ...
Thorneycroft Ian H - - 2003
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). A number of factors can increase VTE risk, including aging, smoking, immobility, pregnancy and a hereditary thrombophilia. Presenting symptoms are not definitive for DVT or PE, and objective testing is necessary for an accurate diagnosis. A number of ...
Ou Yu-Che - - 2003
The current literature was reviewed in order to analyse the clinical manifestations, progression and management, and pregnancy outcome of thromboembolism in infertile patients undergoing ovarian stimulation. The first case of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis following IVF that was successfully managed with intracranial thrombectomy is also reported. This retrospective cohort study ...
Kinoshita Toshihiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mass is present in pre-heparin serum, although its activity is rarely detected. To clarify the dynamics of pre-heparin LPL mass during pregnancy, we studied the relationship between pre-heparin LPL mass and lipids in normal pregnant women. METHODS: Pre-heparin LPL mass and serum lipid levels were measured ...
Phillips Owen P - - 2003
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) increases sharply in pregnant women. The 3 primary contributing factors in VTE--hypercoagulability, stasis and endothelial injury--can all occur in association with pregnancy. Symptoms that may suggest VTE are often inherent in pregnancy, such as leg pain and shortness ...
Schrijver Iris - - 2003
Thrombotic predisposition may affect pregnancy outcome, but in non-Caucasians the contributing genetic factors are poorly characterized. Two recently identified prothrombin gene mutations (20209C>T and 20221C>T) have been observed in non-Caucasian patients with thrombosis. The mutations are located near the commonly identified variant 20210G>A and have not been reported in Caucasian ...
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