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Schlaff Rebecca Ann RA Department of Kinesiology, Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, - - 2014
Little is known about how leisure time physical activity (LTPA) influences gestational weight gain (GWG) among body mass index (BMI) categories. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between pregnancy LTPA and the proportion of normal, overweight, and obese women who meet GWG recommendations. Participants included 449 ...
Siafarikas Franziska F University of Oslo, Faculty Division Akershus University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Akershus University Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lørenskog, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the association between levator hiatus dimensions in late pregnancy and 1.) length of second stage of labor, and 2.) delivery mode in women delivering their first child. In this cohort study, 231 nulliparous women were examined with three and four-dimensional transperineal ultrasonography at 37 weeks of gestation. The ...
Petherick E S ES 0000000167788128 Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the intake of sugar-sweetened (SS) and artificially sweetened (AS) cola beverages during pregnancy and the risk of preterm delivery (PTD). At baseline (2007-2010), 8914 pregnant women were recruited to the Born in Bradford birth cohort study at 24-28 weeks ...
Lee Hye-Ran HR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Physiologic pituitary enlargement is common during normal pregnancy. However, symptoms such as diplopia, blurred vision and headache resulting from physiologic pituitary enlargement are very rare during pregnancy. A 39-year-old woman complained of sudden diplopia and left eye ptosis at 33th weeks of gestation. An magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated the ...
Briceño Freddy - - 2013
Objectives- To create reference charts for fetal age assessment based on fetal sonographic biometry in a population of pregnant women living in the third largest city in Colombia and compare them with charts included in ultrasound machines. Methods- The study data were obtained from women with a single pregnancy and ...
Azevêdo Ana Carolina da C - - 2013
This study investigated the association between unintended pregnancy and intimate partner violence before pregnancy. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 1,054 women, aged 18 to 49, in Recife, Northeastern Brazil, from July 2005 to March 2006. Non-conditional logistic regression analysis was performed with a hierarchical strategy for entering variables ...
Sandlin Adam T - - 2013
To develop uniform and reliable reference ranges for amniotic fluid volume (AFV) across gestation in normal singleton pregnancies using quantile regression (QR). An analysis of true AFVs determined by dye-dilution techniques or by direct measurement at cesarean delivery in normal singleton pregnancies. AFV centiles were established by QR, a flexible ...
Mohammadbeigi A A Department of Public Health, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Qom, - - 2013
Macrosomia is defined as birth-weight over 4,000 g irrespective of gestational age and affects 3-15% of all pregnancies. Aim The present study aimed to determine the relationship between mother's characteristics and macrosomic births and also compare macrosomic and normal newborns regarding the maternal and offspring complications of diabetes during pregnancy. ...
Papastefanou Ioannis - - 2013
Abstract Aims: To establish reference ranges for fetal volume (FV) measured by three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) at 11-14 weeks of gestation and to examine the possible association of FV with maternal/pregnancy characteristics and biochemical parameters. Methods: Prospective observational study on 240 fetuses at 11-14 weeks. FV was measured by 3D-US using ...
Kwok T'ng Chang - - 2013
The Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) is validated to measure nicotine dependence in nonpregnant smokers, and in these smokers, mean salivary and serum cotinine levels are related by a ratio of 1.25. However, as nicotine metabolism increases during gestation, these findings may differ in pregnancy. We investigated the validity of ...
Mossayebi Elaheh - - 2013
The aim of this study is to identify the association between the lipid profile of healthy nondiabetic, nonobese pregnant women in the first weeks of the third trimester of pregnancy and macrosomia or large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonates with normal pregnancies. In this cohort study, 200 pregnant healthy women without gestational diabetes ...
Briceño Freddy - - 2013
Objectives- To create reference charts for fetal sonographic biometric measurements in a population of pregnant women living in the third largest city in Colombia and compare them with charts included in ultrasound machines. Methods- The data were obtained from women with a single pregnancy and confirmed gestational (menstrual) age between ...
Surányi A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate placental three-dimensional power Doppler indices in diabetic pregnancies in the second and third trimester and to compare them with those of the normal controls. METHODS: Placental vascularisation of pregnant women were determined by three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound technique. The calculated indices ...
Fernàndez-Roig Sílvia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Folate, choline, and betaine participate in homocysteine metabolism. It is not known whether they interact during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate how folate status affects choline, betaine, and dimethylglycine during pregnancy. DESIGN: Fasting plasma folate, cobalamin, free choline, betaine, dimethylglycine, and total homocysteine (tHcy) were measured longitudinally ...
Parra-Cordero M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of cervical length (CL) and uterine artery Doppler (UtAD) at 11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks as a predictor of spontaneous preterm delivery (sPTD) in a Chilean population. METHODS: This is a prospective study involving 3,480 asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies attending for a nuchal translucency scan ...
Bili E - - 2013
Abstract Objective:The aim of the present study was to examine whether an association is present between amniotic fluid (AF) galanin and neonatal birth weight (NBW). Design: Prospective observational study Setting: Fetal maternal unit in a tertiary teaching hospital Population: Fifty women of singleton pregnancy who underwent amniocentesis during the second ...
Tandon Mini M Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine (WUSM), 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO, - - 2013
The present investigation compared parenting practices in a sample of preschoolers whose mothers reported smoking during pregnancy versus those who did not. A sample of n = 216, 3.0- to 5.11-year-old children, participants in an ongoing longitudinal study, was separated into those reportedly exposed to smoking in utero and those ...
Ruiz de Viñaspre Hernández Regina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to analyse the association between urinary incontinence and maternal weight, and its variations in pregnancy and post partum. DESIGN: observational study of a cohort of women from the start of pregnancy until six months post partum. SETTING: Hospital San Pedro in La Rioja, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 402 pregnant women without ...
Hanprasertpong Tharangrut - - 2013
Reports of hyperreactio luteinalis in a spontaneously conceived pregnancy are uncommon. Hyperreactio luteinalis complicated by polyhydramnios without an identifiable cause has never been reported. The authors report a case of a 25-year-old, gravida 4, para 2-0-1-2, 16-week pregnant woman who presented with bilateral ovarian enlargement. The beta-human chorionic gonadotropin hormone ...
Juárez Sol Pía - - 2013
Current observational evidence indicates that maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with reduced birthweight in offspring. However, less is known about the effect of smokeless tobacco on birthweight and about the possible mechanisms involved in this relationship. This paper studies the effect of Swedish smokeless tobacco (snus) on offspring birthweight ...
Jiang X - - 2013
To construct reference charts and equations of fetal biometry for singleton pregnant women in Shaanxi, China. Materials and This was a cross-sectional study involving 6,832 singleton pregnant women. One set of fetal ultrasonographic measurement data between the 16th to 41st gestational weeks (GW) was randomly selected from each pregnant woman, ...
Changamire Freeman T - - 2012
Multivitamin supplementation has been shown to reduce the risk of low birthweight. This effect could be mediated through gestational weight gain. However, the effect of multivitamin supplementation on weight gain during pregnancy has not been fully studied. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of multivitamins on ...
Smeets Nicol A C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine if fetal volume (FV) measurements with three-dimensional ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy can detect the fetus at risk for preterm birth and/or low birth weight. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 538 participants were included during the routine first trimester ultrasound examination. Volume measurements were ...
Mamun Abdullah A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine whether changes in maternal overweight and obesity from pre-pregnancy to two decades postpartum predict the body mass index (BMI) of adult offspring. METHODS: We used a subsample of 1997 mother-offspring pairs from the 7,223 original cohorts of women who gave birth in Brisbane, Australia, between 1981 and ...
Rurak Dan - - 2012
We used real-time ultrasound to measure motility and abdominal diameter in fetal lambs at weekly intervals for 30 minutes from 55 days to term (n = 8). Fetal body movement counts/min were relatively constant between 55 and ∼90 days and declined progressively thereafter, a relationship best described by piecewise linear ...
Chaparro A - - 2012
AIM(S): To explore the relationship between biomarkers of systemic inflammation in plasma and gingival crevicular fluid in early pregnancy and the subsequent development of pre-eclampsia in patients with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was performed. From a cohort composed of 126 pregnant women, 43 normotensive healthy pregnant women were ...
Kelly Patricia J - - 2012
Background: In this article, we examine the association between unintended pregnancy and individual and community level indicators of violence in a population of both women and men in the criminal justice system. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 290 women and 306 men in 3 correctional facilities in Kansas ...
Ioannou C C Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may be associated with suboptimal fetal growth, but direct evidence is lacking. Objectives: The aim of the study was to validate a method for fetal femur volume (FV) measurement using three-dimensional ultrasound and to detect correlations between FV and maternal vitamin D concentration. A novel ...
Bailey Helen D - - 2012
Our aim was to address the hypothesis that maternal dietary intake of folate during pregnancy is inversely associated with risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the offspring. Dietary intake of folate, vitamins B6 and B12 in the last 6 mo of pregnancy from 333 cases and 695 frequency-matched controls ...
Zmijewska Agata - - 2012
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) may regulate ovarian physiology. In this study, the influence of IL-1β on secretory activity within the corpora lutea (CL) of cyclic and gravid pigs was determined in vitro during different stages of the CL lifespan, e.g. on Days 10-11, 12-13 and 15-16 of the oestrous cycle and pregnancy. ...
Fox Caroline E - - 2012
To investigate the effects of chorionicity and severe twin to twin transfusion (TTTS) on maternal circulating cell-free messenger RNA (cf-mRNA). Prospective cohort study. A UK tertiary referral Fetal Medicine Center. All monochorionic (MC) twins complicated by severe TTTS (n= 23) and a cohort of uncomplicated dichorionic (DC) (n= 10) and ...
Bikov Andras - - 2012
Context: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a role in asthma and pathological pregnancies. Objective: This is the first study assessing plasma and exhaled breath condensate VEGF levels in asthmatic pregnancy. Material and methods: Thirty-one asthmatic pregnant, 29 asthmatic nonpregnant, 28 healthy pregnant and 22 healthy nonpregnant women were enrolled. ...
Lamarca B - - 2012
Pre-eclampsia is defined as new onset hypertension with proteinuria during pregnancy. It affects approximately 5% of pregnancies in the US with a subset of those progressing into more severe forms of the disease, known as HELLP or eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is associated with intrauterine growth restriction, chronic immune activation and multi-organ ...
Gao Min-zhi - - 2012
To investigate the correlation of endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) with the corresponding reproductive outcome in patients who received in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Sixty-seven women undergoing IVF-ET at a university tertiary hospital were recruited for ...
Banek Christopher T - - 2012
Increased uterine artery resistance and angiogenic imbalance characterized by increased soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and decreased free vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are often associated with placental insufficiency and preeclampsia but not synonymous with hypertension. We hypothesized chronic reductions in utero-placental perfusion (RUPP) for 5 days (d) during either ...
Korish Aida A - - 2012
A disturbed balance between angiogenic and antiangiogenic growth factors is a highly accepted mechanism in the pathogenesis of pregnancy-induced hypertension and proteinuria, which is clinically known as preeclampsia (PE). We investigated the effect of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) therapy on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placental growth factor (PlGF), nitric oxide ...
Brouillet Sophie - - 2012
Endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF), also named prokineticin 1, is the canonical member of the prokineticin family. Numerous reports suggest a direct involvement of this peptide in normal and pathological reproductive processes. Recent advances propose EG-VEGF as a key endocrine factor that controls many aspects of placental development ...
Weng Jiaju - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the immunoreactivity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors flt-1 (VEGFR1) and the kinase domain receptor (KDR/Flk-1, VEGFR2) in the uteri of the wild ground squirrels during the estrous period, early pregnancy and nonbreeding period. Cellular localizations of VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were ...
Wong Ronald J - - 2012
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in heme degradation, plays a role in angiogenesis and vasculogenesis and is highly expressed in the placenta. Deficiencies in HO-1 are associated with several pregnancy disorders, such as recurrent miscarriages and pre-eclampsia. The unique combination of tissue protective, smooth muscle relaxing, and angiogenesis regulatory ...
Burdan Franciszek - - 2012
Over-the-counter cyclooxygenase inhibitors are used to relief fever and various types of acute pain like headache, toothache, earache, sore throat, as well as postoperative and menstrual ones. They are also major ingredients in cold and flu mixtures. Unlike well-known organ toxicological profile, their prenatal toxicity was not fully established. For ...
Karthikeyan V J - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of endopeptidases that degrade the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) such as collagen, and thus contribute to the remodelling and the physiological homeostasis of the ECM and its blood supply. The activities of these enzymes are regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases ...
Ali Kamal Z M - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is regulated by hypoxia that is essential for placental development. It is antagonized by a soluble form of its receptor (sFlt-1). The purpose of this study was to measure these factors in the maternal and the cord bloods, at low and high altitude. ...
Park Craig B - - 2012
Preterm birth is the single leading cause of perinatal mortality in developed countries, affecting approximately 12% of pregnancies and accounting for 75% of neonatal loss in the United States. Despite the prevalence and severity of premature delivery, the causes and mechanisms that underlie spontaneous and idiopathic preterm birth remain unknown. ...
Antonucci Roberto - - 2012
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed in pregnancy to treat fever, pain and inflammation. Indications for chronic use of these agents during pregnancy are inflammatory bowel or chronic rheumatic diseases. Since the seventies, NSAIDs have been used as effective tocolytic agents: indomethacin has been the reference drug, delaying delivery ...
Ousey J C - - 2012
Prostaglandins play an essential role during the perinatal period in the mare. Prostaglandin concentrations are low for the majority of pregnancy due to the regulatory action of progestagens on those enzymes responsible for metabolism of prostaglandins. Towards term, prostaglandin concentrations gradually increase, closely associated with upregulation of the fetal hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal ...
Ousey J C - - 2012
Prostaglandins play an essential role during the perinatal period in the mare. Prostaglandin concentrations are low for the majority of pregnancy due to the regulatory action of progestagens on those enzymes responsible for metabolism of prostaglandins. Towards term, prostaglandin concentrations gradually increase, closely associated with upregulation of the fetal hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal ...
Patrelli T S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to measure plasmatic concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and placental growth factor (PIGF) in pregnant women, and to evaluate their relationship with age, hormonal status, gestational age, and different diseases of pregnancy. We selected a control group of 163 patients (96 fertile ...
Ramachandran Radha - - 2011
We present a review of our experience and pregnancy outcome in patients with GSD III managed by our centre. Between 1997 and 2010 there were 15 pregnancies in seven women with GSD III. Four women had GSD IIIb (nine pregnancies) and three GSD IIIa (six pregnancies). There was a successful ...
Dalzell Jonathan R - - 2011
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare but potentially devastating complication of pregnancy. Although the definition of this condition has recently been revised by the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology, the pathogenesis of peripartum cardiomyopathy is not well understood and relatively little is known about its incidence and ...
Stergiopoulos Kathleen - - 2011
To varying extents, women with pre-existing cardiomyopathies have a limited cardiovascular reserve. The hemodynamic challenges of pregnancy, labor, and delivery pose unique risks to this group of patients, which can result in clinical decompensation with overt heart failure, arrhythmias, and rarely, maternal death. A multidisciplinary team approach and a controlled ...
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