Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 469
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Diomede L - - 1993
An electrochemical assay of lecithin for the prediction of foetal lung maturity in normal and complicated pregnancies has been analytically evaluated. The method is based on sequential enzymatic reactions causing the stoichiometric transformation of lecithin to hydrogen peroxide, which reacts with an organo-fluoro compound in the presence of peroxidase. The ...
Wigton T R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the incidence of significant neonatal morbidity in fetuses with documented pulmonary maturity delivered before 37 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 213 pregnancies with documented fetal lung maturity (lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio > or = 2.0 or phosphatidylglycerol present) and delivery before 37 weeks ...
Otsuka M - - 1993
The striatal to cerebellar (S/C) activity ratio for estimating nigrostriatal function was compared with the Patlak analyses in 18F-dopa (FD) positron emission tomography (PET) with pretreatment with 100 mg carbidopa (CD). Two different time-activity curves of plasma FD or cerebellar 18F were used for the Patlak analyses. The S/C ratio ...
Swoboda K - - 1993
Gestational hyperlipidemia complicated by pancreatitis during the 24th week of gestation has been successfully managed by long-term extracorporeal elimination of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Three modes of treatment (plasma exchange, immunospecific apheresis, and a combination of both treatments) were compared for efficacy as therapy for metabolic derangements, altered blood rheology, and the ...
Ruch A T - - 1993
Although the validity of amniotic fluid fluorescence polarization (FPOL) has been documented in normal pregnancies, data are lacking on the predictive value of this method in high-risk pregnancies where biochemical maturation of the fetal lung may be altered. In this study, amniotic fluid was obtained from 86 women with pregnancies ...
Harper M A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the absolute value of an immature lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio, in addition to gestational age and birth weight, contributes significantly to predicting the clinical course of the neonate. The lecithin/sphingomyelin value may therefore enhance clinical decision-making regarding timing of delivery and use of tocolytics in high-risk pregnancies. STUDY ...
Salmona M - - 1993
Fluorescence polarization of the amniotic fluid from 39 high risk pregnancies requiring preterm delivery was measured in order to assess the maturity of the fetal lung. The study population included 15 cases of intrauterine growth retardation, ten maternal hypertension, five maternal Hodgkin's disease, three placenta previa, two fetal malformation, two ...
Stamatelatos I E - - 1992
Design studies relating to an in vivo prompt capture neutron activation analysis facility measuring total body nitrogen are presented. The basis of the design is a beryllium-graphite neutron collimator and reflector configuration for (alpha, n) type radionuclide neutron sources (238PuBe or 241AmBe), so as to reflect leaking, or out-scattered, neutrons ...
Strong T H TH - - 1992
A rapid, very simple technique for establishing fetal pulmonary maturity status is presented. Among 100 receiving amniocenteses, aspiration of turbid amniotic fluid that would not permit the reading of newsprint through it was associated with a lecithin/sphingomyelin (LS) ratio of greater than or equal to 2.0, or the presence of ...
Jann H W - - 1992
Digital flexor tenorrhaphies were performed in 32 8-week-old chickens with polyglyconate, polybutester, or nylon. There was no difference in maximum loads to failure at weeks 4 or 8. Polyglyconate and polybutester tenorrhaphies were significantly stronger at week 8 than all tenorrhaphies at week 4. Nylon tenorrhaphies at week 8 were ...
Pippin D J - - 1992
Accurate and reliable detection of subgingival calculus is a difficult skill which relies on subjective tactile sensations for determinations. This one year retrospective study examined the interrater agreement among a large, generalized pool of clinical examiners who scored residual subgingival calculus after student scaling. Four thousand one hundred and sixty ...
Sproul J T - - 1992
The discipline of limb lengthening has undergone numerous advances in recent years. An increased understanding of the biology of distraction osteogenesis, as well as technical advances, has made lengthening more feasible. However, significant problems remain unsolved, and complications--although less severe and long standing--still remain. Little is known about the effect ...
Dambska M - - 1992
The aim of this study was to discuss the interaction between the maturation of the brain stem and its susceptibility to perinatal lesion. Many observations indicate that the last months of pregnancy and the perinatal period are the time of intensive maturation of these structures. Lesions of the brain stem ...
Dudley J - - 1991
A retrospective analysis has been performed of perinatal outcome in 81 pregnancies in which preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) was managed using amniocentesis to diagnose intrauterine infection and lung maturity. Ten patients (13%) had a positive Gram stain on microscopy whilst 29 (37%) had a positive culture. Forty-one patients ...
Yamashita H - - 1991
The distribution of glycoconjugates in the 11 to 16 weeks old human fetal endolymphatic sac (ES) was analyzed using six biotinylated lectins; Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), Abrus precatorius agglutinin (APA), Ulex europaeus agglutinin I (UEA-I), Ricinus communis agglutinin 120 (RCA120), Helix pomatia agglutinin (HPA), Concanavalin A (ConA). In the 11 ...
Milliez J M - - 1991
An attempt was made to ripen the uterine cervix in 100 high-risk pregnancy patients (pregnancy between 34 to 41 weeks' gestation), with the use of intracervical instillations of 0.25 mg of prostaglandin E2 mixed with a tylose gel. The maturation process was repeated every 48 hours. Forty-nine patients were delivered ...
Lee S K - - 1991
The immunohistochemical expression of MAM-3 and MAM-6 antigens was studied developing human fetal salivary gland removed at autopsy of 22 normal fetuses of varying maturity (10-40 weeks of gestation). The onset of functional maturation in the fetal gland was seen at 21 weeks of gestational maturity. The acini and ducts ...
Rosati P - - 1991
A Haake viscosimeter was used to determine the viscosity of amniotic fluid and this value correlated with fetal lung maturity. The results were evaluated along the weeks of pregnancy and compared to those obtained using Gluck's method (lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio (L/S). Using 91 separate amniotic fluid samples, free of meconium and ...
Valensise H - - 1991
Delay in fetal maturation in diabetic and accelerated fetal maturation in hypertensive pregnancies have been reported in the past. The spontaneous activity of fetal nervous system during pregnancy was followed longitudinally in a group of 29 normal pregnancies from 28 x th to 40 x th week of gestation by ...
Brownlee K G - - 1991
In order to test the hypothesis suggested in a recent report that the birthweight ratio might be a useful predictor of several important clinical outcome measures in babies of less than 31 weeks' gestation, we examined the association between the birthweight ratio and aspects of both short and long term ...
Oakley B - - 1991
Several hundred taste buds develop and mature in the trench walls of the rat's vallate papilla during the first 3 months after birth. The objective of this investigation of taste bud development was to determine: (i) whether the vallate papilla has local growth zones where new taste buds form, (ii) ...
Amiel-Tison C - - 1991
Maturation of neurological performance in moderately to severely growth-retarded newborn infants (SGA) can be accelerated by 3 to 4 weeks or more when compared to the development of appropriately grown infants (AGA) of the same gestation. This is particularly the case in multiple pregnancies or pregnancies characterized by maternal hypertension. ...
Schultz M C - - 1990
The ultrastructure of nucleoli was examined in developing rat spermatocytes and spermatids, with the help of serial sections. In addition, the radioautographic reaction of nucleoli as examined in rats sacrificed 1 hr after intratesticular injection of 3H(5')-uridine and taken as an index of the rate of synthesis of ribosomal RNA ...
Thomas J P - - 1990
Developmental changes in tympanic membrane to stapedial footplate areal ratios were investigated in kittens from birth through the twentieth postnatal day. Measurements from 45 kittens (85 temporal bones) were obtained from the pars tensa region of the tympanic membrane and the stapedial footplate region bounded by the annular ligament using ...
Franchimont P - - 1990
The inhibin content and aromatase inhibitor activity (AIA) of 72 follicular fluids (FF) obtained from 42 women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET) were studied as a function of IVF ET outcome. Inhibin levels were determined by bioassay (BA) and RIA; AIA was measured by BA. The ...
el-Azazi M - - 1990
The postnatal development of the oscillatory potentials (OPs) of the rat electroretinogram (ERG) was studied. The appearance and/or completion of the development of the individual oscillatory peaks differed from that of the a- and b-waves as well as from each other. The OPs appeared postnatally one to two days later ...
Fujikura T - - 1990
Unilateral muscular thickening (ULT) was observed in the wall of the fetal veins on the placental surface beneath the amnion. The maternal facing wall of the fetal veins was thin, and protruded into the amniotic sac. The ratio of the thickness of the maternal facing to the fetal facing wall ...
Nishino E - - 1990
Evaluation of amniotic phospholipids, which are a parameter of fetal lung maturation, is important in the management of premature infants. The method available for measuring the lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) ratio, which appears to provide an index to fetal lung maturity, is laborious, involving determinations of phospholipids, and so is unsuitable for ...
Ashwood E R - - 1990
We describe a method for determining the number and size distribution of lamellar bodies and compare the results prospectively with other tests for fetal lung maturity: lecithin-sphingomyelin ratio (L/S), phosphatidylglycerol, and fluorescence polarization. The technique uses an electronic particle counter calibrated for a size range of 1.7-7.3 fL. The number ...
App E M - - 1990
The transepithelial potential difference (PD) value represents an integral of ion fluxes across the epithelium, and relates to the regulation of airway fluid. We studied six healthy two day old husky puppies for their tracheal mucus rheology and bioelectric properties, since this data in newborns are still unknown. PD (-mV, ...
Dambska M - - 1990
In this study a comparison of the myelination rate in humans in normal and pathologic conditions was made. The progress of myelination was examined on slides stained by the Klüver-Barrera method and evaluated as to four degrees. The prenatal myelination in the brain stem in a group of newborns who ...
Kjaer I - - 1990
The purpose of the present investigation has been to analyse prenatal cranial base development in the coronal plane and to combine the findings with results in former reports on cranial base maturation estimated in the horizontal and sagittal planes. The study is based upon cranial bases of 26 human fetuses ...
Romaguera J - - 1990
Acceleration of fetal maturation with intra-amniotic administration of thyroxine was employed in eight patients in whom preterm delivery was necessary because of malignant disease of the mother. Thyroxine (200 mcg to 500 mcg) was given at weekly intervals starting at the 27th to 32nd week of gestation until the L-S ...
Hallman M - - 1989
The major surfactant protein with a molecular weight of 35 kd and also saturated phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol were analyzed in specimens of amniotic fluid; 68 were from cases of maternal diabetes, 41 from preeclampsia or maternal hypertension, 26 from premature rupture of the fetal membranes, and 45 from normal pregnancies. ...
Ongerboer de Visser B W - - 1989
Suppression of the soleus (Sol) H-reflex recruitment curve by Achilles tendon vibration and the ratio of maximum Sol H-reflex (Hmax) to maximum M-response (H/M ratio) have been studied by means of computer processing on the basis of peak-to-peak (P-P) and area values in 46 controls and in 16 spastic patients. ...
Fadel H E - - 1989
Amniotic fluid lecithin phosphorus concentration (AF-Lec) was measured in 209 healthy women at 31.7-42.7 weeks gestation. The patients were divided into four groups according to race and fetal sex. No differences in AF-Lec between black and white nor between male and female fetuses were found. The relationship of AF-Lec to ...
Widmark C - - 1989
The aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in electrocardiographic waveform and the release of catecholamines in the fetal lamb during nonacidemic fetal hypoxia. Chronically instrumented fetal lambs were subjected to reproducible hypoxia by reduction of the maternal placental blood flow. This was achieved by complete obstruction ...
Cosmi E V - - 1989
An important prerequisite for the management of high risk pregnancies is the accurate prediction of foetal lung maturity. A number of indices of foetal lung maturity based on the determination of surfactant constituents in the amniotic fluid have been proposed. Amniotic fluid contains phospholipids, including phosphatidylcholine (lecithin), sphingomyelin, phosphatidylinositol and ...
Haigh R - - 1989
Urogastrone was measured by radioimmunoassay in amniotic fluid obtained from 186 complicated pregnancies at 22 to 40 weeks gestation. Amniocentesis was performed for a variety of indications to obtain information about fetal lung maturity or bilirubin levels before induction of labour or caesarean section in various obstetric conditions. In 114 ...
Veille J C - - 1988
In conclusion, the suggested management for PROM follows two general principles. The first principle, which is accepted by most, consists of searching for a positive history of PROM, confirming PROM (by speculum examination, pooling, positive Nitrazine testing, and ferning), and obtaining cervical and vaginal cultures (for group B streptococcus/gonococcus and ...
Ng H T - - 1988
The amniotic fluid lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) ratio from 128 cases of high risk pregnancies were measured by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The L/S ratio was found to be increased in patients with pre-eclampsia, hypertension, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), prolonged rupture of membranes (PROM), and twin gestation, but decreased in ...
Gannon P J - - 1988
The subarcuate fossa of the petrosal bone houses the petrosal lobule of the cerebellar paraflocculus. Although the subarcuate fossa can be extensive, little is known about its relative size and distribution in primates. Studies indicate parafloccular involvement with cerebellar areas coordinating vestibular, visual, auditory, and locomotor systems. Hypotheses have proposed ...
Jones C J - - 1988
Using biotinylated Arachis hypogaea agglutinin (AHA) or peanut lectin (PNA) and an avidin-peroxidase procedure, the various stages of spermatid development were visualised with great clarity; a light haematoxylin counterstain permitted the easy recognition of spermatogenic cells in the same section. This method is particularly useful in the interpretation of poorly ...
Goldstein I - - 1988
A noninvasive method for the assessment of fetal pulmonic maturity via the sonographic characterization of fetal distal femoral and proximal tibial epiphyseal ossification centers was evaluated. The study population included 82 patients in the third trimester of pregnancy, 47 of whom had uncomplicated gestations, while 35 had insulin-dependent diabetes. In ...
Murray A D - - 1988
A literature review and new data on correlates of newborn auditory brainstem evoked responses (ABRs) are presented. Although there has been documentation of the importance of maturation, pathology, postnatal complications, and sex as determinants of the ABR, few investigators have adopted a multivariate approach, resulting in a confounding of maturation ...
Morley C J - - 1988
Artificial surfactant (ALEC) composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and unsaturated phosphatidylglycerol in a ratio of 7:3 (w/w) and a dose of 50-100 mg was suspended in 1 ml of cold saline and used at birth as a prophylaxis against the respiratory distress syndrome and its complications in a two centre randomized prospective ...
Zapata A - - 1988
An analysis was made of samples of amniotic fluid from 82 pregnant women with normal pregnancies, ranging from 29 to 40 weeks of amenorrhoea. Lipid extraction was quantitative and individual phospholipids were isolated by two-dimensional chromatography. The lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio (L/S) increased significantly (t = 2.17; p less than 0.05) between ...
Pringle K C - - 1988
A system of staging pregnancy that is directly related to normal development is proposed to replace the currently used 'trimester' system. If accepted, this concept of staging could be applied across species without the likelihood of a grossly incorrect assessment of the stage of development. In contrast to this, the ...
Edelson J G - - 1988
Four hundred and fifty skeletons were examined, and age changes in the bony vertebral end-plates were grouped into six categories. The predominant patterns of each phase from infancy to senescence are presented. The formation of ridges and sulci that form peripherally are similar to those appearing in other epiphyses and ...
Neumeyer P - - 1987
From 70 infants born after gestation periods of 28-41 weeks HbF and HbA2 were determined in the cord blood; HbA was calculated from the two values. HbF decreased with maturity, HbA and HbA2 increased. The percentage of HbA2 calculated from the sum of HbA + HbA2 (non-fetal Hb) increased from ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >