Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 465
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Jani Jacques C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between observed to expected (o/e) lung-to-head circumference ratio (LHR) and lung-to-body weight ratio (LBWR) in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Were included in the study all consecutive fetuses with CDH and termination of pregnancy in whom a postmortem examination was available. Contralateral ...
Belchior I - - 2011
Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal accumulation of a lipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli, which may lead to respiratory failure and has an associated high risk for infections. The mainstay treatment for PAP is whole lung lavage. A pregnant woman, previously diagnosed with primary PAP, ...
Tabarsi P - - 2011
We describe the efficacy and outcome of standardised second-line anti-tuberculosis (TB) medications during pregnancy. Treatment outcomes of five pregnant women with documented multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) referred to the National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases from 2003 to 2009 were analysed in two categories, maternal and neonatal. Patients became ...
Cremers Elleke - - 2011
Background Vitamin D is associated with lung function in adults, but its relation with childhood lung function is still unclear. Objective To investigate whether prenatal and postnatal vitamin D supplementation and plasma level is associated with childhood lung function. Methods In the KOALA Birth Cohort Study, children's lung function (n=436) ...
Freymond N - - 2011
Pregnancy may affect the diagnosis, management, and outcome of infiltrative lung disease (ILD). Conversely, ILD may affect pregnancy. ILD may occur as a result of drugs administered commonly or specifically during pregnancy. Most ILDs predominate in patients older than 40 years and are thus rare in pregnant women. During pregnancy ...
Hegewald Matthew J - - 2011
Pregnancy induces marked changes in the respiratory and cardiovascular systems that are essential for meeting the increased metabolic demands of the mother and fetus. Important respiratory system changes occur in the upper airway, chest wall, static lung volumes, and ventilation and gas exchange. Marked cardiovascular changes also occur during pregnancy ...
Maritz Gert S - - 2011
Tobacco smoking during pregnancy remains common, especially in indigenous communities, and likely contributes to respiratory illness in exposed offspring. It is now well established that components of tobacco smoke, notably nicotine, can affect multiple organs in the fetus and newborn, potentially with life-long consequences. Recent studies have shown that nicotine ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of antenatal corticosteroid treatment on the fetal lung using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 30 consecutive singleton pregnancies that received antenatal corticosteroid treatment (12 mg Betamethasone i.m. on admission and 24h later) because of threatened preterm birth. Fetal lungs were assessed using T2-weighted ...
Tamaki Yuichiro - - 2011
Acute lung injury during pregnancy results in morbidity and mortality in both the mother and the fetus. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a rare disease but may occur in pregnant immune-suppressed women. Here, we describe a case of acute lung injury due to PCP and alveolar hemorrhage in a pregnant ...
Yadav Ajit Kumar - - 2011
Surfactant proteins A and D have extra-pulmonary expression at various mucosal sites including the reproductive tract. Reproductive tissues require a fine immune balance, strong enough to keep infection at a bay and at the same time, subtle enough to support an allogeneic fetus throughout the pregnancy. Roles of SP-A and ...
Bates Elizabeth - - 2010
To compare outcomes among neonates delivered after documentation of fetal lung maturity before 39 weeks and those delivered at 39 or 40 weeks. This was a retrospective cohort study of women with singleton pregnancy delivered at 36 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks after positive fetal lung maturity testing (based on ...
Taylor-Robinson D - - 2011
The genital mycoplasmas have been implicated in a number of adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Spontaneous preterm labour and preterm birth is an important contributor to perinatal mortality and morbidity. If Mycoplasma hominis plays an integral part in this problem, it is likely to contribute through its involvement with bacterial vaginosis. ...
Serizawa Mariko - - 2010
The aim of this work was to noninvasively predict fetal lung immaturity with the ultrasonic gray level histogram width (GLHW), a form of clinical tissue characterization. The study included 22 fetuses in which infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) developed post-delivery, and 25 fetuses without IRDS development. Independent receiver operating characteristic ...
Joutsi-Korhonen Lotta - - 2010
The detection of amniotic lamellar bodies (LB) has been shown to be a rapid and simple way to assess fetal lung maturity (FLM). The maturity thresholds for LB vary due to different factors, one being the type of particle-count analyser used. The Sysmex XE-2100 hematological analyser was evaluated in determination ...
Benirschke Kurt - - 2010
During human pregnancy there is a continuous transport of numerous syncytiotrophoblastic cells from the intervillous space of the placenta into the maternal lung. There these cells undergo apoptosis and the fetal nuclear DNA is liberated within the pulmonary capillaries to become cffDNA in the maternal serum. We have examined the ...
Weedin John W - - 2010
PURPOSE: Multiple small case series have reported sperm in the ejaculate and spontaneous pregnancies in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia after varicocele repair. We hypothesized that men with favorable testicular histopathology on testis biopsy such as maturation arrest or hypospermatogenesis would have a higher probability of success than those with more ...
Neeraj - - 2010
The study was conducted on 100 pregnant women in third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy (Test group) and 100 age-matched non-pregnant women (Control group) in the age group of 25 to 35 years. Pulmonary function test parameters FVC, FEV1, PEFR and FEF25-75% recorded using Medspiror. The FEV1/FVC ratio was calculated. All ...
Buss Claudia - - 2009
Despite the evidence for early fetal experience exerting programming influences on later neurological development and health risk, very few prospective studies of human fetal behavior have been reported. In a prospective longitudinal study, fetal nervous system maturation was serially assessed by monitoring fetal heart rate (FHR) responses to vibroacoustic stimulation ...
van Schie Hans T M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quantitative ultrasonography for objective monitoring of the healing process and prognostication of repair quality in equine superficial digital flexor (SDF) tendons. ANIMALS: 6 horses with standardized surgical lesions in SDF tendons of both forelimbs. PROCEDURES: Healing was monitored for 20 weeks after surgery by use of computerized ...
Salim Raed - - 2009
Amniocentesis is the accepted mode of attaining amniotic fluid to perform tests for fetal lung maturity. The purpose of this study was to validate a non-invasive fetal lung maturity test by counting lamellar bodies from a vaginal pool among women with preterm premature rupture of membranes. In a prospective study, ...
Randall Lisa - - 2008
We present several strategies for searching for supersymmetry in dijet channels, using the two leading jets' momenta alone rather than the full missing transverse energy. Preliminary investigations suggest that signal-to-background ratios of at least 4-5 should be achievable at the LHC, with discovery possible for squarks as heavy as approximately ...
Bendersky Mariana - - 2008
Ultrasonography (USG) is the preferred screening method for fetal brain examination. It has some technical limitations and a relatively low sensibility and specificity for many central nervous system (CNS) malformations. Fetal cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers better resolution and sensibility, with scarce limitations. OBJECTIVES: To determine the fetal age ...
Plishka Marcie J R - - 2008
Ascomata of Pleuroascus nicholsonii, a rarely reported cleistothecial ascomycete, show little overt evidence of a putative affiliation with the Leotiomycetes. However, close examination of the plectomycetous centrum reveals a distorted hymenium arising from a system of branched ascogenous hyphae, and twisted or coiled uniseriate ascospores enclosed within what appears to ...
Nachmias Jacob - - 2008
Discrimination was measured for height, area, and aspect ratio of ovals and rectangles. Random jittering of the orthogonal property (width, aspect ratio, and area) was used to control the observers' criterion. Weber fractions for aspect ratio were consistently lower than those for area, and about the same as those for ...
Ellman Lauren M - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to determine the specific periods during pregnancy in which human fetal exposure to stress hormones affects newborn physical and neuromuscular maturation. Blood was collected from 158 women at 15, 19, 25, and 31 weeks' gestation. Levels of placental corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and maternal cortisol ...
Torrance H L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies suggest that respiratory outcome of infants born preterm may be influenced by placental insufficiency and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome. If so, one could expect to see differences in lung maturation indices (lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) ratio and lamellar body count (LBC)) in the amniotic fluid. ...
Kyle P M - - 2008
The efficacy of the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) measurement in detection of significant proteinuria when performed in a high-risk antenatal clinic was compared with automated dipstick, protein/creatinine ratio (PCR), and 24-hour urine protein measurements. Both the ACR (DCA 2000) and PCR were strongly predictive for the presence or absence of significant ...
Lazzez Aida - - 2008
Minor compounds such as sterols, aliphatic alcohols, tocopherols, and chlorophylls in virgin olive oil from Chemlali cultivar were analyzed during the maturity process. The study concerns oils from the following three different olive growing areas of Tunisia: Sfax, Sidi Bouzid, and Enfidha. Analytical results showed that both the maturity process ...
Luo Guoyang - - 2008
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) remains a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in premature infants. To avoid iatrogenic RDS, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that obstetricians confirm fetal pulmonary maturity prior to elective delivery less than 39 weeks' gestation. However, ACOG based such recommendations primarily ...
Class Quetzal A - - 2008
Elevation in placental corticotropin-releasing hormone (pCRH) during the last trimester of pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk for preterm delivery. Less is known about the consequences for the human fetus exposed to high levels of pCRH early in pregnancy. pCRH levels were measured in 138 pregnant women at ...
Balazs Andrea - - 2008
We report a 5-year-old girl who presented to our emergency room with respiratory arrest and limb deformities and was subsequently diagnosed with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets. On normalization of the serum phosphorus concentration, her respiratory distress resolved, illustrating that untreated X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets can lead to life-threatening respiratory distress.
Bitar Alan Pavinski - - 2008
The metalloprotease (Mpl) of Listeria monocytogenes is a thermolysin-like protease that mediates the maturation of a broad-range phospholipase C, whose function contributes to the ability of this food-borne bacterial pathogen to survive intracellularly. Mpl is made as a proprotein that undergoes maturation by proteolytic cleavage of a large N-terminal prodomain. ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2007
The lung to thorax transverse area ratio (L/T ratio) and the lung area to head circumference ratio (LHR) have been widely used for the assessment of pulmonary hypoplasia in fetal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the L/T ratio and the ...
Lopes Vanda S - - 2007
Pathways of melanosome biogenesis in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells have received less attention than those of skin melanocytes. Although the bulk of melanin synthesis in RPE cells occurs embryonically, it is not clear whether adult RPE cells continue to produce melanosomes. Here, we show that progression from pmel17-positive premelanosomes ...
Mori Yusuke - - 2007
We examined the adolescent development of the sexual skin of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) by daily observation, evaluation of swelling, and weekly photogrametry. Although the size of swelling differed with the individual, the development of sexual swelling followed four stages: (1) initial stage, the labial region began to show a slight ...
Fassino Secondo - - 2006
This study investigated the personality and clinical correlates of asceticism in 154 anorectic patients. Multiple linear regression models showed that asceticism was related to angry temperament, high control over anger, perfectionism, maturity fears, and number of vomiting episodes per week. These results suggest that the self-discipline and hypercontrol of anorectic ...
Avraham Hemy - - 2006
The present study compares two methods for the determination of fetal lung maturity: the novel intrinsic fluorescence polarization ratio (IFPR) and the commercial TDx-FLMII. Amniotic fluid (AF) samples were collected from 69 women during the second and third trimesters of singleton pregnancies. Thirty-three samples were tested for IFPR only after ...
Wang Liping - - 2006
Glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and ceramide (Cer) are the predominant sphingolipids (SL) in soybeans. They have been recognized as functional components in plants and may have health benefits for humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in SL and phospholipid (PL) contents that occurred during seed development. Soybean ...
Gordon Oren - - 2006
Nud1p, a protein homologous to the mammalian centrosome and midbody component Centriolin, is a component of the budding yeast spindle pole body (SPB), with roles in anchorage of microtubules and regulation of the mitotic exit network during vegetative growth. Here we analyze the function of Nud1p during yeast meiosis. We ...
Watson Rachel E B - - 2006
Striae are seen in numerous clinical conditions, including pregnancy, and may be resultant from progressive, continuous skin stretching. Regardless of etiology, they appear as raised pink/purple lesions, which mature leaving depressed silver 'scars'. In this issue, Salter et al. explore the possibility that occurrence of striae may predict pelvic relaxation ...
Dolling Gunnar - - 2006
We fabricate and characterize a low-loss silver-based negative-index metamaterial based on the design of a recent theoretical proposal. Comparing the measured transmittance and reflectance spectra with theory reveals good agreement. We retrieve a real part of the refractive index of Re(n)= -2 around 1.5 microm wavelength. The maximum of the ...
Sowers Todd - - 2006
One explanation for the abrupt increases in atmospheric CH4, that occurred repeatedly during the last glacial cycle involves clathrate destabalization events. Because marine clathrates have a distinct deuterium/hydrogen (D/H) isotope ratio, any such destabilization event should cause the D/H ratio of atmospheric CH4 (deltaD(CH4)) to increase. Analyses of air trapped ...
Zhang Hui - - 2006
We examined the role of the cysteine string protein (Csp) in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) biogenesis in relation to another J-domain protein, Hdj-2, a recognized CFTR cochaperone. Increased expression of Csp produced a dose-dependent reduction in mature (band C) CFTR and an increase in immature (band B) CFTR. ...
Li Xingjun - - 2006
Changes in pectin, hemicelluloses and cellulose in the cell walls of outer pericarp tissues of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward) were determined during development. An extensive amylase digestion was employed to remove possible contaminating starch before and after fractionation of wall polysaccharides. An initial treatment of crude cell walls with ...
Rance Gary - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To track the development of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) through the neonatal and early infant periods in a group of normal-hearing babies. DESIGN: This longitudinal study involved assessment at four data collection points. ASSR thresholds to modulated 500 Hz and 4 kHz tones were established in 20 full-term ...
Amiel-Tison Claudine - - 2006
This article reviews the interpretation of the fetal motor repertoire in the light of neurophysiology and clinical neurology. The continuity of the maturative process from the fetus to the neonate allows us to speculate on the predictive value of optimal and non-optimal neurological function as observed in the fetus and ...
Von Sperling Marcos - - 2005
The paper presents a very extensive evaluation of the coliform decay in facultative and maturation ponds, based on data from 186 different ponds in the world. The ponds encompass a very wide diversity in terms of physical and operating conditions, covering most situations encountered in practice. The median values for ...
Suzuki T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to recognize the importance of normalizing postoperative acceleromyographic train-of-four (TOF) ratio by the baseline TOF value obtained before neuromuscular block for ensuring adequate recovery of neuromuscular function. METHODS: In 120 patients, TOF responses of the adductor pollicis to the ulnar nerve stimulation were monitored by ...
Achard Pablo - - 2005
The survival of neonatal mammals requires a correct function of the respiratory rhythm generator (RRG), and therefore, the processes that control its prenatal maturation are of vital importance. In humans, lambs and rodents, foetal breathing movements (FBMs) occur early during gestation, are episodic, sensitive to bioamines, central hypoxia and inputs ...
Bildirici Ibrahim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the mean weekly increment in amniotic fluid TDx-FLM II ratio during the latter part of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: All women who underwent > 1 amniocentesis for the determination of fetal lung maturity between 1998 and 2004 were identified retrospectively. Clinical information ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >