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Silva Delia - - 2006
IGF-II is a polypeptide hormone with structural homology to insulin and IGF-I. IGF-II plays an important role in fetal growth as mice with targeted disruption of the IGF-II gene (Igf2) exhibit severe growth retardation. The role of IGFs in the fetal lung has been suggested by several studies, including those ...
Shaikh Shafaque - - 2006
We report a rare case of spontaneous dissection of an anomalous systemic artery supplying a normal basal segment of the right lung during pregnancy, leading to recurrent hemoptysis. This article aims to discuss the clinical presentation, diagnostic curiosity, management using a minimally invasive technique (video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy), and finally the ...
Davey Marcus G - - 2006
Fetal tracheal occlusion (TO) accelerates lung growth and can reverse severe lung hypoplasia associated with diaphragmatic hernia (DH), however, lung compliance (Cl) and respiratory gas exchange remain abnormal. We determined the individual and combined effects of prenatal glucocorticoids (GC) and exogenous surfactant therapy (S) on postnatal pulmonary function in lambs ...
Sosenko Ilene R S - - 2006
Intra-amniotic endotoxin induces IL-1, causes chorioamnionitis, lung inflammation, lung injury and lung maturation in preterm lambs. Intra-amniotic IL-1alpha also causes chorioamnionitis, lung inflammation and lung maturation. We asked if IL-1alpha effects on the preterm lung are mediated by direct signaling to the lung rather than by indirect effects from the ...
Kirychuk S P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess respiratory outcomes and environmental exposure levels of workers in cage-housed and floor-housed poultry operations. METHODS: Poultry operations were evaluated for total dust, endotoxin, and ammonia, and respiratory symptoms and lung function tests of workers were conducted. RESULTS: Workers in floor-housed poultry ...
Gharraee Zahra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A single course of antenatal betamethasone is administered to women at risk of preterm labor to advance fetal lung maturation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are collagen-degrading enzymes that remodel extracellular matrix components during lung development. We tested the hypothesis that the effects of betamethasone on fetal lung maturation involve changes ...
Kunisaki Shaun M - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Previous work has shown that intrapulmonary delivery of oncotic agents enhance overall lung growth after late gestational fetal tracheal occlusion (TO). This study was a post hoc analysis aimed at determining whether actual alveolar and capillary hyperplasias are maximized in this setting. METHODS: Twenty-one near term fetal lambs were ...
Lindqvist Pelle G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Vasa previa is a rare but potentially dangerous fetal condition that may occur during pregnancy. Ideally, all cases such cases are detected antenatally, but many present as late vaginal hemorrhaging. At the current time, there is no test for fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in general use. METHODS: A modified method ...
Gyi Khin M - - 2006
A single centre experience of four pregnancies in four cystic fibrosis (CF) lung transplant recipients is reported. Six more cases were identified from the literature review and combined data analysis on 10 pregnancies in 10 CF lung transplant recipients was performed to determine maternal, foetal and graft outcome. There were ...
Jani Jacques C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the value of fetal lung area to head circumference ratio in the prediction of the postnatal outcome in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia treated by fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion. STUDY DESIGN: The lung area to head circumference ratio was measured before fetoscopic ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to build a nomogram of normal fetal lung volumes throughout gestational age estimated by 3-dimensional ultrasonography using the rotational technique (Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis [VOCAL]; GE Healthcare, Kretztechnik, Zipf, Austria). METHODS: Fetal lung volume was assessed in 146 healthy fetuses by 3-dimensional ultrasonography ...
Deprest Jan - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to review the recent literature regarding early prenatal prediction of outcome in babies diagnosed with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia, as well as results of fetal therapy for this condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Current survival rates in population-based studies are around 55-70%. Highly specialized centers report 80% ...
Kallapur Suhas G - - 2006
Fetal lung development occurs as a complicated series of interactions between the different cell types in the lung in response to different growth factors and hormones. At birth, the human lung is in the stage of alveolar development in which the gas exchange units (alveoli) are being actively formed. The ...
Trotter Andreas - - 2006
Exposure to high levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) derived from the fetoplacentomaternal unit during the last trimester of pregnancy may play a crucial role in prenatal lung development and immediate postnatal alveolar fluid clearance (AFC). To measure prenatal alveolar formation and postnatal amiloride-sensitive AFC after pharmacological deprivation of ...
Devesa Vicenta - - 2006
Exposure of pregnant C3H/HeNCR mice to 42.5- or 85-ppm of arsenic as sodium arsenite in drinking water between days 8 and 18 of gestation markedly increases tumor incidence in their offspring. In the work reported here, distribution of inorganic arsenic and its metabolites, methyl arsenic and dimethyl arsenic, were determined ...
Kreiger Portia A - - 2006
Although classification schemes have sought to categorize congenital cystic lung malformations, studies including the pathology of pulmonary malformations occurring specifically during the fetal period are limited. To better characterize such histopathology, we reviewed a total of 23 fetal lung malformations seen at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia from 1996 to ...
Noppen Marc - - 2006
RATIONALE: The exact site(s) and pathophysiology of air leakage in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) are unknown. In one patient with PSP, fluorescein-enhanced autofluorescence thoracoscopy (FEAT) has shown areas of parenchymal abnormality unnoticed during white light thoracoscopy (WLT). OBJECTIVES: To prospectively perform and compare WLT and FEAT in patients ...
Szeredi L - - 2006
Rhodococcus equi was isolated from lung, liver, spleen, and stomach content of two aborted equine fetuses of 7 and 8 months gestation from two different farms. Lesions included diffuse pyogranulomatous pneumonia with numerous Gram-positive coccobacilli within the cytoplasm of macrophages, multinucleated Langhans giant cells and neutrophils, and enhanced extramedullary hematopoiesis ...
Deyell Rebecca - - 2006
The authors describe a 10-year-old Caucasian boy who presented with abnormally low oxygen saturation values on pulse oximetry after a routine tonsillectomy. He was asymptomatic and there was no personal or family history of respiratory, cardiac, or hematologic disorders. Multiple initial investigations were completed without diagnostic yield. Eventually, hemoglobinopathy studies ...
Wise Robert A - - 2006
In summary, the major physiologic changes that occur in pregnancy are the increased minute ventilation, which is caused by increased respiratory center sensitivity and drive; a compensated respiratory alkalosis; and a low expiratory reserve volume. The vital capacity and measures of forced expiration are well preserved. Patients who have many ...
Gerards F A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To construct reference intervals for fetal lung volumes measured longitudinally using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound, and to evaluate the effect of gender on lung size. METHODS: This was a prospective, longitudinal study in the obstetric outpatient department of the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam. Seventy-eight women with uncomplicated pregnancies were ...
Wilson R Douglas - - 2006
Prenatal identification of lung abnormalities has increased with prenatal surveillance. Treatment usually requires serial ultrasound observation but in rare situations in utero therapy may be required for fetal survival. We review the genetics, prenatal evaluation, and treatment of lung abnormalities with congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM). Other lung lesions, bronchopulmonary ...
Kohl T - - 2006
Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) from laryngeal atresia bears a poor prognosis for hydropic fetuses owing to cardiac failure. We attempted percutaneous fetoscopic and ultrasound-guided tracheal decompression in a hydropic human fetus with CHAOS associated with Fraser syndrome. Percutaneous fetoscopic and ultrasound-guided tracheal decompression was performed using three trocars ...
Sharma Rekha - - 2006
Adult pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (APLCH) is a rare lung disease. We report a case of APLCH and pregnancy with detailed lung function tests. There was no significant change in the lung function tests during pregnancy. It is apparent that pregnancy does not influence the evolution of pulmonary Langerhans cell ...
Fauchère Jean-Claude - - 2006
The viability of the human fetus increases significantly beyond 25 weeks' gestation as the lung development progresses towards the 'saccular' stage. We report on a fetus of 22 weeks' gestation whose lung maturation was accelerated by 4 weeks, most likely due to the unintentional exposure to the retinoid isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic ...
Pesola Gene R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Asian lung volumes are 10-15% less than those of Caucasians. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that healthy Asians might be labeled as abnormal using three commonly used Caucasian-derived prediction equation estimates (PEE) of DLCO currently used. In addition, a Chinese-derived PEE of DLCO was tested to determine its validity ...
Samtani Mahesh N - - 2006
Preterm birth produces neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, and dexamethasone (DEX) is administered maternally to induce fetal lung maturation in women at risk of preterm delivery. Antenatal DEX therapy is largely empirical, and administering multiple doses of DEX produces undesirable metabolic and developmental effects in the fetus. It is hypothesized that ...
Ruano R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and precision of prenatal three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in estimating fetal lung volume using the rotational multiplanar technique (VOCAL) by comparing it to postmortem volume measurements. METHODS: Fetal lung volume was measured during 3D ultrasound examination using a rotational multiplanar technique in eight cases of congenital ...
Cimen Mehmet - - 2005
Although an azygos lobe is a rare anomaly of the lung, its radiological appearance has been well defined. Clinically, the azygos lobe has been accepted as a normal variation that can simulate various diseases. However, on chest roentgenograms, this anomaly may appear to be present if there are any other ...
Asikainen Tiina M - - 2005
Diminished vascular and alveolar development is characteristic of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The low fetal O(2) tension promotes angiogenic responses during ontogenesis, while preterm birth interrupts normal lung growth. Most of the angiogenic responses are governed by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), the expressions of which are unknown in the lungs of preterm ...
Zaretsky Michael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate MRI total lung volumes (TLV) for predicting outcome in fetuses with genitourinary abnormalities and to compare lung volumes with the presence or absence of oligohydramnios. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetuses with genitourinary abnormalities underwent blinded retrospective calculation of TLV. Distribution of the ...
Sturm Robert - - 2006
As inhaled fibers may lead to a variety of lung diseases, detailed information on their deposition in the human respiratory tract is an indispensable requirement in medical science. In the work presented here, a Visual Basic((R)) computer program, termed FIBROS, is described which enables the simulation of fibrous particle deposition ...
Kamiyama Masafumi - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypoplasia associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia remains a major therapeutic problem. Adrenomedullin (AM), a multifunctional regulatory peptide, has been suggested to play a role in the mechanisms of fetal lung differentiation and maturation. The aim of this study was to investigate the pulmonary expression of AM in nitrofen-induced ...
Ijadunola K T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The impact of grain dust exposure on lung functions of grain handlers in Nigeria has remained largely undocumented. Lung functions of wheat flourmill workers and control subjects were assessed, and the prevalence of lung function abnormalities was compared among the occupational groups. METHODS: Study subjects consisted of 91 flour-millers, ...
Filby C E - - 2006
The degree of fetal lung expansion is a critical determinant of fetal lung growth and alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) differentiation, although the mechanisms involved are unknown. As VDUP1 (vitamin D3-upregulated protein 1) can modulate cell proliferation, can induce cell differentiation, and is highly expressed in the lung, we have investigated ...
Gebb Sarah A - - 2005
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is a mesenchyme-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein required for fetal lung branching morphogenesis. Given that the low oxygen (O(2)) environment of the fetus is also essential for normal lung branching morphogenesis, we determined whether fetal O(2) tension supports this process by promoting TN-C expression. Initial studies showed that ...
Bahasadri Shohreh - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of fetal lung maturity by a simple and rapid test has a pivotal role in obstetric managements. Lack of modern laboratory techniques in our country made us investigate whether lamellar body count (LBC) can be applied efficiently in the evaluation of fetal lung maturity. METHODS: Lamellar body count ...
Dorman David C - - 2005
Studies examining the pharmacokinetics of manganese during pregnancy have largely focused on the oral route of exposure and have shown that the amount of manganese that crosses the rodent placenta is low. However, limited information exists regarding the distribution of manganese in fetal tissues following inhalation. The objective of this ...
Little Mark P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Failure of fetal growth during pregnancy, and preterm birth, are the major causes of stillbirth and early neonatal death. The objective of the study was to determine the association between maternal hemoglobin concentration during pregnancy and perinatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: The design was prospective, using data on 222,614 first ...
Myasnikova V V - - 2005
Fetal growth retardation, hypercoagulation, and changes in pulmonary fibrinolytic activity were observed during experimental gestosis induced by long-term feeding of a high-sodium diet. The course of fraxiparine treatment to correct gestosis improved hemostasis-regulating lung function, decreased coagulation activity of the arterial blood, and increased the weights of the placenta and ...
Odaka Akio - - 2005
Abstract We report on an extremely rare chest wall mesenchymal hamartoma associated with a massive fetal pleural effusion. Prenatal ultrasound examination demonstrated a heterogeneous mass in the right thorax associated with a massive pleural effusion and right lung compression at 29 weeks of gestation. The patient underwent pleuroamniotic shunting at ...
Brewerton Lee J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To define retrospectively a normal range for lung-to-liver signal intensity ratio (LLSIR) in fetuses of 16-40 weeks gestation by using half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Approval from the regional ethics review board for retrospective evaluation was obtained, and informed consent was waived. Retrospective ...
Moss Timothy J M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal Ureaplasma spp exposure is associated with preterm birth and modulates the neonates' susceptibility to respiratory distress syndrome and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We hypothesized that intra-amniotic ureaplasmas would cause lung inflammation and alter fetal lung development. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant ewes bearing singleton fetuses were given an intra-amniotic injection of 20 ...
Cogo Paola E - - 2005
We previously found a shorter surfactant disaturated phosphatidylcholine palmitate (DSPC-PA) half-life in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) by using a single stable isotope tracer and simple formulas based on a one-exponential fit of the final portion of the enrichment decay curve. The aim of this study was to apply noncompartmental ...
Johnson Steven M - - 2005
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulatory RNAs found in multicellular eukaryotes, including humans, where they are implicated in cancer. The let-7 miRNA times seam cell terminal differentiation in C. elegans. Here we show that the let-7 family negatively regulates let-60/RAS. Loss of let-60/RAS suppresses let-7, and the let-60/RAS 3'UTR contains multiple let-7 ...
Asikainen Tiina M - - 2005
Pulmonary antioxidants and their therapeutic implications have been extensively studied during past decades. The purpose of this review is to briefly summarize the key findings of these studies as well as to elaborate on some novel approaches with respect to potential preventive treatments for neonatal chronic lung disease bronchopulmonary dysplasia ...
Dubiel Mariusz - - 2005
Three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US) has greatly improved evaluation of organ circulation. The aim of this study was to explore the possible use of this new technique in normal and high-risk pregnancies. Fetal brain, lung and placenta 3-D power Doppler signal intensity were recorded in 115 normal singleton pregnancies (24 to ...
Ali Nyima S - - 2005
Previous studies performed in this laboratory have demonstrated that the fetal lung contains immunoreactive adrenocorticotropin (irACTH), and that the lung both clears and secretes irACTH under basal and stimulated conditions. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the irACTH in fetal lung is accounted for by proopiomelanocortin (POMC), and that there is ...
Stanford Salome J - - 2005
1. In systemic vessels, haem-oxygenase (HO) is induced during oxidative stress and known to modulate vasodilatation and vascular remodelling. At birth, with the transition from placental to air breathing, the pulmonary vessels are exposed to oxidative stress and undergo well-documented remodelling processes. Thus, we investigated the role of HO in ...
Kallapur Suhas G - - 2005
Chronic early gestational chorioamnionitis is associated with development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. A single intra-amniotic exposure to endotoxin decreased alveolarization and reduced expression of endothelial proteins in 125-day gestational age preterm lambs. We hypothesized that prolonged exposure to intra-amniotic endotoxin would cause progressive lung inflammation and inhibit alveolar ...
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