Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1207
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Bényei Balázs - - 2006
The objectives of this work were to determine the effect of external (synchronization methods, month, embryo origin and farm effects) and internal factors (age and size of CL, embryo development and quality score, synchronization methods, age of recipient, quality of transfer and reuse of recipients) on a commercial embryo transfer ...
Rienzi Laura - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Partially damaged frozen and thawed embryos are currently considered to have a lower viability than intact ones. This study was undertaken to compare the performance of intact frozen and thawed embryos with that of partially damaged embryos after removal of the necrotic blastomeres. DESIGN: Observational clinical series. SETTING: Private ...
Rama Raju Gottumukkala Achyuta - - 2005
Human day 3 embryos were vitrified in modified ethylene glycol-based protocol. The present study reports a post-thaw survival rate of 95.3%, which was significantly higher than that of the conventional slow-freezing protocol (60.0%, P < 0.05). The implantation and pregnancy rates were also higher (14.9% and 35.0%) than that in ...
Fancsovits Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the timing of pronuclear breakdown can be a predictor of embryo quality and viability. DESIGN: Retrospective comparison of the development and quality of early and late developing zygotes. SETTING: Infertility and endocrinology unit in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): One thousand seven hundred eighty-two zygotes obtained in ...
Payne John F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that pregnancy rates are low if grade Z1 pre-embryos are not available for transfer and to determine if pronuclear morphology is a better predictor of pregnancy than traditional embryo morphology. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Academic human reproduction laboratory. PATIENT(S): One hundred couples undergoing IVF ...
Bulletti Carlo - - 2005
The receptive phase of the endometrium seems to occur in close association with the appearance of pinopodes and endometrial integrins that may be activated by the interleukin-1 system (IL-1). Embryo attachment is the result of adhesion protein expression, and the invasion of the embryo is governed by proteolytic enzymes. Leukaemia ...
O'Brien E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by certain Aspergillus and Penicillium species. It has been observed to be teratogenic in a number of animal models including rat, mouse, hamster, and chick, with reduced birth weight and craniofacial abnormalities being the most commonly observed malformations. Neither the potential of ...
Morton Katherine M - - 2006
Ovine IVP embryos were derived from frozen-thawed unsorted and frozen-thawed sex-sorted spermatozoa that had been refrozen and thawed. The embryos were bisected and cultured in vitro, or transferred to recipient ewes to determine their survival in vitro and in vivo. Oocyte progression to the blastocyst stage was similar for unsorted ...
Inoue Suguru - - 2006
We examined the effect of tributyltin (TBT) on embryonic development of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum. In a maternal exposure test, 100 clams were exposed to TBT at measured concentrations of <0.01 (control), 0.061, 0.310, or 0.350 microg/l at 20-22 degrees C for 3 weeks, and the embryo developmental success ...
Laowtammathron Chuti - - 2005
The objective was to determine whether the hatching stage of cattle and swamp buffalo somatic cell nuclear-transferred (SCNT) blastocysts affected cryosurvival after vitrification, and whether addition of linoleic acid-albumin (LAA) to the IVC medium and Ficoll to the vitrification solution improves cryosurvival. Fused couplets were activated with ethanol and cycloheximide-cytochalasin ...
Tang Meiyi - - 2005
Lefty/Ebaf polypeptides, novel members of the TGF-beta superfamily, are involved in endometrial differentiation and embryo implantation. Recently, we showed that, during undisturbed estrous cycle, lefty is present in mouse uterine horn primarily in a precursor form. Here, we show that decidual differentiation of endometrial stroma leads to increased lefty (approximately ...
Shibata Mikihito - - 2005
The Xenopus gene crescent encodes a member of the secreted Frizzled-related protein (sFRP) family and is expressed in the head organizer region. However, the target and function of Crescent in early development are not well understood. Here, we describe a role of Crescent in the regulation of convergent extension movements ...
Männer Jörg - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The term exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) has been coined for a group of congenital malformations that includes epispadias, bladder exstrophy and cloacal exstrophy. It is usually thought that these malformations develop against a similar embryological background. This background, however, is still obscure. This is mainly due to the lack of ...
Landry, Allison Morris
The low survival rates of nuclear transfer fetuses and neonates in goats and cattle have been linked to placental abnormalities. A series of studies was designed to investigate the possibility of supplementing nuclear transfer embryos with electrofused embryos to generate placental tissue in goats and cattle. The initial study was ...
Schuenemann Gustavo M - - 2005
Two experiments were performed to determine whether administration of ergotamine tartrate altered embryo development (Exp. 1) and uterine competency to establish pregnancy (Exp. 2) in beef cattle. Animals were fed daily either 0 (CON) or 40 mug/kg body weight of ergotamine tartrate (ERGOT). Following a 30-d period on respective diets, ...
Youngsteadt Elsa - - 2005
Embryos of the viviparous cockroach Diploptera punctata accumulate large amounts of hydrocarbon (HC) of either maternal or embryonic origin. HC synthesis and its accumulation in maternal and embryonic tissues were measured over the course of gestation. Female abdominal integument was the only tissue that synthesized appreciable amounts of HC in ...
Paulesu Luana - - 2005
Placental viviparity is a reproductive strategy usually attributed to mammals. However, it is also present in other vertebrate species, e.g. in Squamate reptiles. Although the immunological mechanisms that allow the survival of the semi-allogenic embryo in maternal tissues are still largely unknown, cytokines seem to play an important role in ...
Papis Krzysztof - - 2005
Cryopreservation enables banking of embryos for future use in medicine and in animal breeding. It also enables protection of germ plasm of endangered species and unique strains or lanes of laboratory animals. This paper describes an example of employing a vitrification method for banking of embryos of a unique lane ...
Sato Masahiro - - 2005
Various growth factors and proteins produced by oviductal cells have been demonstrated to interact with developing embryos. However, little is known concerning the function of mammalian oviducts at the molecular biological level. This may be partly due to lack of efficient gene transfer to oviductal cells. In this study, we ...
Velazquez M A - - 2005
The objective was to determine if a single measurement of plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) could predict the number of viable embryos obtained from donors and the likelihood of pregnancy in recipients in multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) programs in cattle. The embryo yields from 101 embryo recoveries were ...
Stemple Derek L - - 2005
The notochord is the defining structure of the chordates, and has essential roles in vertebrate development. It serves as a source of midline signals that pattern surrounding tissues and as a major skeletal element of the developing embryo. Genetic and embryological studies over the past decade have informed us about ...
McNally Karen L - - 2005
Oocytes from most animals arrest twice during the meiotic cell cycle. The universally conserved prophase I arrest is released by a maturation hormone that allows progression to a second arrest point, typically metaphase I or II. This second arrest allows for short-term storage of fertilization-competent eggs and is released by ...
Stone Bronte A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE(S): To determine how the type of embryo fragmentation on day 3 affects progression of human embryos to blastocyst and pregnancy rates following embryo transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of all in vitro fertilization cycles in patients < or =40 years of age or younger from January 2002 through December ...
Marsh-Matthews Edie - - 2005
Maternal provisioning of embryos in Gambusia (Poeciliidae) entails both production of large, yolky eggs and mother-to-embryo transfer of nutrients, the latter of which is readily quantified using injection of radiolabeled nutrients. We assayed patterns of nutrient transfer in broods of 26 Gambusia geiseri and 23 Gambusia affinis females, using injection ...
Aoki Vincent W - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of human tubal fluid (HTF), G1.2, Sage Cleavage and Life Global media for IVF outcome during 3-day culture of human embryos. A three-phase auto-controlled study was conducted in which IVF outcome was compared between (1) HTF and G1.2, (2) HTF ...
Baron Margaret H - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A number of interesting surprises has emerged during the past year in the field of early hematopoietic development. This review highlights recent studies that have challenged the prevailing view of embryonic and fetal hematopoiesis in mammals, with a focus on the mouse as a model system. The ...
Sun Y P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible correlations of ZPT or ZPTV with clinical outcome following in vitro fertilization. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six embryos were selected for transfer on day 3 with clear image record from 81 IVF-ET cycles. The laser system measurement software was used to measure the ZTP value of each ...
Emiliani Serena - - 2005
The embryo-maternal dialogue that starts very early in the life of the embryo is crucial for its own implantation. A disturbance in this dialogue is the major reason for which 60% of all pregnancies are terminated at the end of the periimplantation period. Many studies have been performed to improve ...
Shi Yijun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We exposed pregnant mice to magnetic or sham fields for 24 hr/day during Gestation Day (GD) 5.5-8.5 to study the effects of 50-Hz 0.1-mT sinusoidal magnetic fields on early pregnancy in mouse embryos and mice. METHODS: Mice were sacrificed on GD 8.5. Embryos and blood samples were collected. Reverse ...
Liu Wei-Xin - - 2005
To evaluate whether the developmental potential of embryos that were partially damaged after freezing and thawing can be improved by removal of necrotic blastomeres. Eight-cell mouse embryos were cryopreserved using 1,2-propanediol and sucrose as cryoprotectant with slow cooling procedure. After thawing, blastocyst formation and hatching of fully intact embryos were ...
Hui P W - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Levels of maternal serum markers of fetal Down syndrome in pregnancies conceived after assisted reproduction are different from those of normal spontaneous pregnancies. The present study examined the effects of conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo cryopreservation on nuchal translucency (NT) thickness. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Chang Ching-Chien - - 2005
MacroH2A histones are variants of canonical histone H2A that are conserved among vertebrates. Previous studies have implicated macroH2As in epigenetic gene-silencing events including X chromosome inactivation. Here we show that macroH2A is present in developing and mature mouse oocytes. MacroH2A is localized to chromatin of germinal vesicles (GV) in both ...
Dunn N Ray - - 2005
Smad2 and Smad3 are closely related effectors of TGFbeta/Nodal/Activin-related signaling. Smad3 mutant mice develop normally, whereas Smad2 plays an essential role in patterning the embryonic axis and specification of definitive endoderm. Alternative splicing of Smad2 exon 3 gives rise to two distinct protein isoforms. The short Smad2(Deltaexon3) isoform, unlike full-length ...
Pincetich Christopher A - - 2005
In vivo (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was used to determine phosphometabolite changes in medaka (Oryzias latipes) during embryogenesis and hypoxia. NMR data were acquired using a flow-through NMR tube perfusion system designed to both deliver oxygenated water to embryos and accommodate a hypoxic challenge. Measurements of embryogenesis at ...
Lastra Ma Dolores - - 2005
Severe maternal zinc deficiency has a devastating effect on pregnancy outcome. Studies of humans and experimental animals show that maternal zinc deficiency can cause infertility, prolonged labor, intrauterine growth retardation, teratogenesis, severe immunological deficiencies, or fetal death. The additional need for zinc during pregnancy can be met by an increase ...
Yie Shang-mian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether secretion of soluble human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) by human embryos is associated with embryo development and IVF pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: In vitro fertilization program affiliated with a university research center. PATIENT(S): Infertile couples attending an IVF program were selected. INTERVENTION(S): Embryo culture conditioned ...
Pereda J - - 2005
Since the last decade the Yolk sac (YS) has been a topic of increasing interest due to the growing use of high-resolution sonography in early determination of pregnancy. Human YS shape and diameter are indicators of viability of pregnancy during the early embryonic period. Nevertheless, the major interest concerns the ...
Bosman S J - - 2005
Inhaled or ingested ultrafine nanoparticles and their effects on early pregnancy remain polemic. The objectives of the study were: (a) to determine the embryotoxic effects of nanoparticles at the 2-cell stage and (b) to localize the internalized nanoparticles in the blastocyst. Thawed mouse 2-cell embryos (no. = 128) were exposed ...
Meenakumari Karukayil J - - 2005
The unusual feature of the breeding cycle of Cynopterus sphinx at Varanasi is the significant variation in gestation length of the two successive pregnancies of the year. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the prolongation of the first pregnancy in C. sphinx is due to delayed embryonic ...
Stout T A E - - 2005
Early embryonic development in the horse is characterized by the formation of an unusual acellular glycoprotein "capsule" between the trophectoderm and the overlying zona pellucida. This structure is first detected between days 6 and 7 after ovulation and completely envelops the spherical conceptus until as late as day 23 of ...
Nie Guiying - - 2005
Successful embryo implantation involves complex interactions between the embryo and the uterus and is critical in establishing pregnancy. Proprotein convertase (PC) 6 (PC6) is one of the PC endoproteases regulating protein function through posttranslational activation of precursor proteins, including growth and differentiation factors. Here we show that PC6 protein is ...
Nowshari Manzoor A - - 2005
The dromedary embryos, collected at hatched blastocyst stage, survived freezing and thawing in the presence of a high concentration of ethylene glycol (7.0 mol/L) with sucrose (0.5 mol/L) and direct plunging in liquid nitrogen. The rate of survival, as judged by the morphological appearance of the embryos after thawing, was ...
Hnida Christina - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Multinuclearity is known to correlate with decreased implantation and pregnancy rates. Thus, a valid detection of nuclear structures especially among otherwise good quality embryos may be of great importance in order to improve clinical outcome. In this study, we have compared traditional manual microscopic analysis with computer-controlled multilevel morphological ...
Carney Edward W - - 2004
The dose of toxicant reaching the embryo is a critical determinant of developmental toxicity, and is likely to be a key factor responsible for interspecies variability in response to many test agents. This review compares the mechanisms regulating disposition of toxicants from the maternal circulation to the embryo during organogenesis ...
Amarin Zouhair O - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the hospital's cryopreservation protocol. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis of 30 conventional IVF and 44 ICSI cycles in an assisted conception unit at a tertiary referral hospital. All supernumerary embryos were cryopreserved at the pronuclear or blastomere stage. The survival, morphology, implantation and pregnancy rates were ...
Dvash Tamar - - 2004
Although, the study of human development--from fertilized egg to mature embryo--is extremely important, the early differentiation of human tissues remains an enigma. Moreover, the relatively high percentage of unexplained pregnancy loss--a major concern of human embryologists and gynaecologists--emphasizes the need for an appropriate model for studying early human development. The ...
Meriano James - - 2004
This prospective sequential, cohort study examined the two most common multinucleation phenotypes observed in the authors' clinic, binucleated (BN) and micronucleated (MN) blastomeres, and included all intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) patients <40 years of age with at least one multinucleated embryo in the cohort as observed on day 2 of ...
Noci I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In human reproduction, embryo implantation is complex and poorly understood. At present, no single markers are used in routine treatment to assay biochemical functions of the human embryo. Soluble human leukocyte antigen-G (sHLA-G) could be considered a possible marker of embryo developmental potential. It is localized primarily on the ...
Artini Paolo G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: It is now widely accepted that increasing the number of replacement embryos (>3 embryos per embryo transfer [ET]) is associated with an increased risk of multiple pregnancies. While embryo reduction is often proposed when there is a high risk of multiple pregnancies, it is a difficult decision for the ...
Pal Lubna - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictors of postthaw blastomere survival and the relationship of blastomere survival to the outcome of frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: An IVF unit in a tertiary care facility. PATIENT(S): Infertile women undergoing FET cycles with embryos cryopreserved on day 3 postinsemination. INTERVENTION(S): ...
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